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December 08, 1946 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-12-08

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About Daily Editorials

PEOPLE seem to be wondering just what
The Daily editorial page stands for. You
notice it in remarks passed to you unofficial-
ly, in the "we know what you're really up to"
expression on the faces of a few students
and faculty members, in an occasional huffy
letter to the editor.'
The confusion isn't surprising. Our posi-
tion is something of an oddity; it can
stand a little explaining. As the one stu-
dent newspaper on this campus, The
Daily occupies an important position. The
only way to effectively answer a Daily
editorial is through The Daily, in a letter.
And around the state, when people see a
copy of this paper, they accept it as repre-
senting the students, all 18,000 of them.
Here on the campus, when The Daily comes
out with something controversial, there are
always plenty of "irate subscribers" ready
to ask why we're not representing their par-
ticular viewpoint.
On the news pages, our situation is rela-
' tively easy to handle. There the ideal is to
deal with straight fact, to cover the Uni-
In direct contrast, we have the editorial
page, by definition a set of opinions. News-
papers with spineless, unopinionated edi-
torial pages are pretty insipid; you won't
have to look far for examples.
But how can the views of a hundred
Daily staff members possibly represent
some 18,000 students? There aren't mere-
ly two sides to be given for every question
in this instance. Where there are 18,000
thinking people, you can count on any-
where from 10,000 up to the maximum in
shades of opinion on an issue.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.


HOW CAN a University constituency di-
rectly serve our economy? At commence-
ment, Psychology, Religion, and Mental
Hygiene could enlist about 1,000 of the best
minds in our student body for graduate
study. Our reasons for this reply are as
follows: Last spring before a Forum in Ann
Arbor a representative of the National As-
sociation of Manufacturers counted off on
the fingers of his two hands the nine factors
in industrial recovery in which the manage-
ment has mastery and deplored the one
area in which management frankly admits
incompetence. Among the nine were ac-
cumulated capital, necessary raw material,
transportation, fabrication of that material,
invention for retooling, design, mass pro-
duction, marketing, profit to the share hold-
ers. The one where management admits
ineptness was human relations.
It is at the point of human relations
that the machinery of the nation is stalled
today. We make a devil of John L. Lewis
because ours is a psychology of doubt and
despair. We keep straight on loving the
industrial methods which head toward
strikes, and then we find a scape goat
for every epidemic we 'ourselves create.
Such is the case of a cult.re which, ac-
cording to Peter Drucker, spends a small
per cent on human relations and practic-
ally the whole managerial dollar on pro-
Psychology, Religion, and Mental Hy-
giene focus attention at deeper levels than
outcomes in the shape of automobiles, cap-
ital surplus, markets, or dividends. They
ask what makes the. man content? Whence
satisfactions? What is the meaning? This
does not mean, "What makes the economic
machine called a hand, an operator, a skilled
mechanic, or a crew click?" These disci-
plines do not in any direct way refer to
economic man. They look into the person
-James, who is the husband of the finest
wife in the world and father of three chil-
dren. James is the high goal, not an inci-
dent nor a means. Unless owners and man-
agers in America can find ways to shift
emphasis from economic man to spiritual
man, our culture will fall from its top flight,
of great production, high profits, and credit
status to go the way which Karl Marx
Our plea is for leaders of great character,,
superior training, and far-sighted patience
founded on the known facts, plus a human
interest in man as the end, aim, and reason
for life itself. We refer not to economic
facts but facts about the whole person, his
relation to others, his place in God's plan,
his sense of worth in the social order, and
our cornon responsibilities in a close-knit
urban life where speed, danger, and controls
impinge on the organism.
Unless the wealth of all can be distrib-
uted with full justice to each citizen and a
sense of worth come to all. our hurry-up
civilization can never withstand the strain
placed on it by modern invention, ability
to produce, desire to excel, and the fear
that subtle forces may snuff out our exis-

THE ANSWER takes two forms.
First, there is the all-important equal
opportunity for every student who wants to
put the time and effort into working on The
Daily to do so. Anyone can come out for
The Daily, and once out, anyone can write
editorials. If you've been under the impres-
sion that you must be a New Dealer or
"worse" to make out here, you should take
notice of the ratio of one-out-of-four Re-
publicans among the night editors, who may
be taken as a good cross-section of the
staff. If The Daily seems over-conservative
to you, you should notice our scattering of
progressives, and our more than half "just-
left-of-center" liberals. This isn't a plea for
new staff members. But five weeks from
now, when next semester opens, such a re-
quest will be made. The opportunity will be
there again, just as it has always been, for
students of any or no political convictions
to write for The Daily.
This brings us to the reason for our
signed editorials. Unless we take a Gallup
poll sample of the campus as basis for our
editorial staff, we can only represent the
18,000 opinions in so far as they are our
own. Because of our special position as
1) a student newspaper, and 2) the only
student newspaper, The Daily does what
no other newspaper does: its editorials
are signed, and it reminds its readers in
print that, "editorials . . . represent the
views of the writers only."
Secondly, there is the Letters to the Editor
column. Here The Daily gives space, to
everyone on campus who wants to put the
time and effort required into writing us a
letter. In dealing with the particularly artic-
ulate set of readers provided by a university
body, The Daily naturally gets a more intel-
ligent and a more diverse mail every morn-
ing than the usual newspaper. Every letter
is printed, and the original is kept in our
files. Because of the tremendous number
received, there is often delay in printing
letters, but they are published in the order
received. Because of The Daily's special
position on the campus, "No letter to the
editor will be printed unless signed and writ-
ten in good taste." Shortage of space forces
us to set a maximum of 300 words, and to
print (with an explanatory editor's note)
only one or two samples of the many closely
parallel letters we receive.
WHAT does The Daily editorial page stand
for? It stands for the opinions of the
campus, and for the opinions of The Daily
staff. Members of the staff feel no more
responsibility for the views expressed in
letters than letterwriters need feel responsi-
bility for the views of editorial writers. The
way to contest an opinion expressed on The
Daily editorial page is to write a letter; or
if you are so constantly irritated by others'
opinions that you feel you must spend a good
deal of your time. writing, the way to contest
opinions is to come out for The Daily staff.
More important the student opinions The
Daily editorial page stands for, or than any
opinions, is a certain fundamental freedom.
-The Senior Editors
Movie Quality
THE ACTIVITIES of the Student Legisla-
ture in checking up on the calibre of
weekend movie entertainment strike us as
something of a waste of time. The state-
ment by the local Butterfield representative,
which appeared in Thursday's Daily, con-
cerning the difficulties faced by theater
managers in obtaining films 'and defending
the quality of films shown in Ann Arbor,
covered the situation adequately.
With only two uptown theaters in opera-
tion and with a general change of bills twice
a week, Ann Arbor gets as many of the more
expensive productions as possible. In larg-
er cities with half a dozen or more big thea-
ters, pictures are often held over for several
weeks, with those movies shown only at the
downtown theaters in Ann Arbor offered as
the second show on the double feature ill.

The policy followed in using the Michigan
and the State for better class films and the
Wuerth and the Whitney for westerns, sec-
ond-rate pictures, and reruns of pictures
which have already been shown uptown,
works rather well. There is seldom a week-
end when the bills at all four theaters of-
fer no sort of entertainment at all.
Though some pictures may be late in
reaching Ann Arbor, a comparison of sever-
al months between the Ann Arbor bills and
those of Detroit or Chicago, for instance,
shows that nearly all productions sooner or
later reach our fair city. That some may
be below the standard of amusement set by
the student body is Hollywood's fault, not
the theater manager's.
-Joan Fiske
Mexico City
MOST of the Mexican leading intellectuals
are, of course, consciously pro-peasant,
and so it would be a wild mistake in em-
phasis to say flatly that Mexico City still
represents, in a derivative way, the man-
sions of the Padrones standing among the
huts of the farmers. And yet one does feel
something of this flavor in traveling over
the almost dreadfully quiet Mexican coun-
tryside and its tiny, up-ended hillside farms,
toward the uproar of the irrelevant me-
A city this big in a country so empty was

'Oscar' for Lewis
NO MATTER what one's personal opinion
of John L. Lewis is, it must be agreed
that his flair for the dramatic far surpasses
any Hollywood star and should win him the
"Oscar" for the best theatrical performance
of the year.
Lewis' decision to end the miner's walk-
out, in addition to being a brilliantly tim-
ed move enabling him to retreat from an
almost untenable position gracefully, has
served to aid him in three ways.
First, by going back to work, the miners
will now have a Christmas. This will serve
to solidify and strengthen his power over the
miners. And they certainly will follow him
even more blindly now.
Second, the President has been forced to
call off a radio plea to the miners over Lew-
is' head which was scheduled to go on the
air today. This isn't the first time Lewis has
done this. In 1943 he beat President Roose-
velt to the punch by calling off a strike just
one half hour before the President was to
make a radio appeal. This move serves as
a tactical advantage in taking the limelight
from the Administration. This is shown by
the fact that Johnston and Whitney, in the
railroad strike last spring, failed to act,;
quickly enough to prevent President Truman
from speaking before Congress.
Third, by Lewis' own admission, he is tak-
ing the pressure of public opinion off the
Supreme Court by ending the walkout now.
This may serve to strengthen Lewis' chances
of' gaining a favorable decision in the case
now before that august body.
While this action may not prevent Con-
gress from passing legislation which labor
considers adverse to its interests when the
80th Congress is convened, at least the tem-
porary advantage is now his by utilizing a
good offense as the best defense.
-Clyde Recht

00 0

cZLt1CtpJto ti 6O'ttp

EDITOR'S NOTE: No letter to the
editor will be printed unless signed
and writt<'m in good taste. Letters
over 300 wk ards in length will be
shortened or omitted; in special in-
stances, they will be printed, at the
discretion of the editorial director.
Village Policy
To the Editor:
CAN'T AGREE with the stated
policy of the University on the
Willow Village dorms in regard to
the following points.
1) How and for what reason
can we be compelled to remain out
at "the village" all term? The on-
ly reason given is that stated by
Vice-President Briggs in his letter
to the Daily: that the University
has committed itself to keep the
dorms filled ifit expects to keep
them for the next term (or
terms). Well, I didn't commit
myself; for that matter, I wasn't
even told when I took the room,
of the forced occupation for one
term. And there's nothing we can
do about it, except be refused per-
mission to move, by a committee
set up to refuse applications, and
by a "coordinator" who threatens
us with action by the disciplinary
2) Assuming that we'll help the
University out and pay for our
dorms until 1 Feb., what possible
objection could there be to our
moving into town now, since those
of us who are lucky enough to find
rooms for next semest er must pay
for them from now uni ii 1 Feb. to
hold them? The Dean o ' Stu-
dents' Office doesn't expect any
rooms to be available at the end
of the term, so we can't wait, and
naively expect rooms then. It is
the ruling of this same office that
a "student must not be paying for
rooms in two places" on the
grounds that this is( keeping one
of them from soleoint else, Cer-
tainly there are no stu dents en-
tering the University and .ndg
rooms now, so who are we keeping
from rooms?
3) Since we are being forced to
stay at "the village" by those rulb
ings, which are, to say the least,
original, I demand better accom-
dation in regard to bus service and
mail deliveries-to name the two
most impossible situations.
-John E. Lauer
Editor's Note: Mr. Briggs' letter re-
ferred to a.ove may be fona in
Daily for Friday, October I.

Undesirable Methods ...I Basketball Tickets .

To the Editor:
As an instance of confused
thinking it would seem that the
fifth paragraph of last Sunday's
Daily editorial entitled, "On un-
seating Bilbo" ought to rate a
plaque. The paragraph has a
sentence of which a part says,
but the way to combat dis-
crimination is to make laws
against it, not to gag those who
unfortunately believe in it".
It ought not to be necessary to
point out that the effect of such
laws is to impose a "gag"; that
the passing of a law which does
not have acceptance among the
people generally accomplishes
nothing except confusion; that in
his next two sentences MW. Hoff-
man wrote, "In our quest for tol-
erance we cannot afford to become
intolerant . . . etc."
The whole question of racial
discrimination will have to be
considered with more light and
less heat if we expect to accom-
plish any desirable end. So far
the opponents of segregaton ap-
pea. to have spoiled the effects of
their agitation by the old, human,
failing of wanting to use force.
A law, for instance, forcing an
cmployer to hire someone he wish-
es not to hire will forever be evad-
ed. Even if such a law forced the
employer's hand. the ultimate of-
feet would inevitably be strife and
not a final solution.
The amazing thing about all
this camipus agitation is that
there appears to be no faith
among the verbose minority in
the powers of education. In the
very center of learning these peo-
ple discard logic, restraint, even
truth. Can it be that they are
committed to a program which
they reard as desirable but of
which they themselves doubt 'the
basic merits? .
Thus we note in the great haste
to achieve a. desirable end by a
most unfortunate productivity on
the part of many to utilize meth-
ods which are on their most basic
nature, contrary to the original
principle on which they seek to
justify their action.
Loud denunciation and the at-
tempt to thrust unwelcome intru-
sions on other people, who pre-
sumably had their own lives to
lead, must serve ultimately to pro-
mote a general flight. Even Na-
poleon has concluded, "I Marvel
at the inability of Force to settle

Open letter to

the Student Legis-I


Thieves in the Night, Arthur Koestler, The
Macmillan Co., 357 pages, $2.75
MR. KOESTLER calls his book a chroni-
cle on an experiment with fictitious
characters but true events. Some review-
ers call it a novel; but I prefer Mr. Koest-
ler's description. This is not fiction, it is
vitally true. Mr. Koestler does not create
vivid characters; he deliberately subordin-
them to the expression of his ideas - they
are mere vehicles for ideologies, abstract
types rather than vibrant individuals. This
might be termed a socialogical treatise.
The experiment is the establishment by
Jews of communes all over Palestine in or-
der to realize their dream of a homeland.
These communes are agricultural settle-
ments of several hundred people in the
true Communistic pattern, which, of
course, causes friction between the mem-
bers of the communes and the traditional
Hebrew religious leaders. The chronicle
starts in 1937 and ends with the infam-
ous British White Paper in 1939. Al-
though the chronicle ended then, the
story has not; the Haganah, or Jewish
terrorists, are still very much alive.
Although Mr. Koestler defends this Jew-
ish movement, he doesn't reach many con-
clusions. However, his critical analysis of
these communes, of British imperialism and,
particularly, of the Jewish people is brilliant
-nothing escapes his sharp, cool criticism.
"We (The Jews) are universally disliked -
maybe we are not likeable people", "We shall
always be betrayed because something in us
asks us to be betrayed." The protagonist, at
the end says, "There is this urge in us for
return to earth and normality; and there is
that other urge to continue the hunt for a
lost paradise which is not in space. This is
not a question of race. It is the human pre-
dicament carried to its extreme". He calls
the Jews abnormally human; intelligence,
emotion, fear, and other human qualities are
too concentrated in the Jew for the delicate
senses of other people.
Mr. Koestler lacks the human touch. If
this is to be called a novel, then it must be
realized that the main characters are ideas,
the plot is incomplete, and the people are
mere statues.
-Peter Hamill
General Library List
Burlingame, Roger - Of Making Many
Books. New York, Scribner, 1946.
Frank, Waldo - Island In The Atlantic
New York, Duell, 1946.
Moorad, George - Behind The Iron Curtain
Philadelphia, Fireside press, 1946.
Priestly, John Boynton -- Bright Day, New
York, Harper, 1946.
Prokosch, Frederic - The Idols of the Cave
New York, Doubleday, 1946.
White, Theodore H. & Jacoby, Annalee-
Thunder Out of China, New York, William
Sloan associates, 1946.

What J, on

Ebony Concerto by The Woody
Herman Band, Igor Stravinsky,
conducting (Co 7479): As much as
I like Stravinsky and Woody Her-
man separately, this meeting of
the two seems rather unfortunate.
Ebony Concerto was written es-
pecially for Woody Herman by
Stravinsky. But it doesn't fit. The
present-day dance band just isn't
a suitable medium, for Stravinsky's
expressionism. Ebony Concerto
might have been a successful com-
bination of the jazz and classical
idiom, but lack of steady driving
beat and inhibition of individual
expression make it dull and pre-
Everything Happens To Me,
Frustration. Bill Harris (Key-
note 364): This record is all Bill
Harris, and Bill Harris at his best,
playing with great feeling and su-
perb tone. Pianist-arranger Ralph
Burns takes a short piano spot
that is really terrific. Listen to
the weird Neil Hefti score onFrus-
Mutton-leg, Fla - Ga - La - Pa.
Count Basie (Co 37093): Sounds
like the Basie of six years ago.
Fine solos by Snookie Young,
Dicky Wells, Illinois Jacquet. Best
Stardust. Billy Butterfield (Cap-
itol 305): Don't miss this record.
Many so-called "hit tumpeters"
would really benefit if they payed
a little more attention to this guy
and let Eldridge and Gillespie
Stan Kenton Album (Cap
itol): This album sold out in two
hours. Consequently I didn't get
a chance to hear it. But judging
from brief airings over WJBK. I'd
say it was just about the most pg-
tent album to come out during
1946. As a certain character I
know would say, "Man, that Ken-
ton is really gone."
For Sentimental Reasons, It's A
Pity To Say Goodnight. Ella Fitz-
gerald with The Delta Rhythm
Boys (Decca): Two really great
sides by Chick Webb's old vocalist
Destined to be a "best-seller," but
don't let that inhibit you.
-Malcolm Raphael

__ _

. 0 .

anything permanently."
Pressure groups seek to force
legislation to outlaw racial dis-
crimination, and, by their own
methods, themselves become guil-
ty of intolerance. Without a most
delicate consideration of the
method of achieving the goal, the
end itself would be destroyed.-
-Arthur C. Prine Jr.
* * *
Service Fraternity . .
To the Editor:
rTHERE IS a service organization
on our campus that relatively
few students know about. It is
Alpha Phi Omega, a national fra-
ternity dedicated to the campus,
to scouting, and to its members.
Fielding Yost, Ira Smith, Joseph
Bursley and Ferdinand Menefee
have been active in the organiza-
tion in the past and helped to pro-
mote projects on the campus such
as the campus-wide activity, V-E
Dance and Memorial Day Dance
at the Union, orientation booth,
fingerprinting students for the
F.B.I., helping in the March of
Dimes and Fresh Air Campaigns,
keep-off-the-grass c4mpaign and
the swing concert.
This fraternity is underway
again and "going strong", but to
take on some of the projects sug-
gested by the faculty, scout execu-
tive, and the ambitious members
themselves, the fraternity needs
more men to help. As much as
or little time as can be given by
a member is all that is asked, and
in meetings are held every other
week in the Union. Gamma Pi
chapter headquarters are in North
Men on campus who were form-
er scouts or scouters and would
like to do something for campus
and also have good fellowship are
very welcome to attend any of our
Alpha Phi Omega has over 110
chapters at every prominent uni-
versity in the country and any
rmember of a social fraternity is
also able to join our fraternity.
Approximately one-half of the
membership of Gamma Pi chapter
is affiliated with social fraterni-
ties on campus.
We need your help - are you
willing to help and have good fel-
lowship and fun at the same time?
-Sidney Zilber
APO President

IN VIEW OF the fact that so
many preference tickets to theI
basketball games were not called
for, I suggest that these tickets bee
made available to interested st-i
dents prior to the game for whicht
they are good.
I, for one would prefer standing
in line in U. Hall to get a tickett
than waiting in the cold «utaida
Yost Field House for a haMf anI
hour -- and possibly be disap-
-Keith Pollard
Holiday A bsences .. .
To the Editor:
T SEEMS to me that the dis-
cussion of absences from class
preceeding holidays has reached
ridiculous proportions.
In order to be able to spendl
Thanksgiving Day with my fain-
ily (in NY), I for one, made cer-
tain that I did not over-sleep
classes, or stay away just because7
I "didn't feel like going." (These
being two of the major reasons
for unexcused absences.)
Why the fuss about that par-I
ticular day? If I'm going to be
absent, it usually doesn't matter
much which day I decide to take.
Fumthermore, even the old system
of triple cuts would not have
changed my plans about going
The professor has his recourse
and the student his. If the form-1
er thinks that the student's ab-
sences have been excessive, the
present system enables him to act
As for the student, he should beI
mature enough to continue to
have the right to decide just when
he will or will not attend a par-'
ticular class
Marilyn E. Hendricks+
* * *
Infor .ed Voters
To the Editor:
AlAYBE "The Man" is right -
that the southern Negro is
unfit to vote. But the senator is
fundamentally wrong in his meth-
od of dealing with the particular
problem. Instead of correcting the
unfitness of the Negro's basic con-
stitutional privilege of the fran-
chise, the Mississipian outright
condemns the race. He and his
"contemporaries" battle against
legislative or executive actions
which would raise the standards
of the harassed race and make
them eventually capable of exer-
cising the franchise at least as in-
telligently as is currently possible.
There are many who would prefer
Bilbo for the courage to publicly
declaim his convictions - but the
fact remains that he is preach-
ing unconstitutional practices. If
one would refuse to seat him in
the Senate, it follows that his elec-
torate should somehow also be
reprimanded. True, he should
thus be dealt with, but how can
'a progressive "democrat" replace
him under the present set-up?
Because of the coerced voting
apathy of the southern Negro for
the past half century, one might
readily expect a recurrence of the
Reconstruction era, which would
be worse, undoubtedly than to-
day's malady. No, the answer lies
in a process of two steps: 1) strong
federal action to elevate southern
standards of education, living, et
cetera, and 2) lessening of the
voter's burden to facilitate the -Ne-
groes capability.
The first step has seen some
measure of progress in the past
dozen years. However, if the "su-
preme whites" won't take the pill
of Negro elevation (not "domina-
tion"), then some method of
cramming it down their throats
(for the "general welfare," of
course) must be used, and not sug-
ar coating the pill. More exten-
sive use of federal grants for edu-
cation, and measures to better the
economic status of the whole

South are both expandable pos-
sibilities (TVA, federal "lunch
boxes" for school children," and
freight-rate adjustments to at-
tract industries are examples)
The second step advocated
above would speed up the time
necessarily spent to creat "an in-
formed body politic of Negroes. In
fact, as matters now stand, it is
practically impossible for even a
professor of political science to
vote intelligently. In the early
days of our nation's government,
there were few elective offices and
the then-limited electorate knew
its candidates and their ideas and
policies; nowadays, however, with
the ponderous number of elective
officialdom, it is physically impos-
sible to become acquainted with
all the aspirants' character and
policies, to say nothing of the

technical ability required of many
offices. Why not, then, as is so
often suggested by eminent poli-
tical scientists, limit the elections
to policy-making offices, such as
a single executive and the legis-
lature, and the constitutional
amendment of each level of gov-
ernment? This is a long-needed
remedy to alleviate the stress of
the electorate's overwork.
It seems to us the above process
would make an intelligent elec-
torate of the whole populace, but
the southern Negroes, particular-
ly, and would eventually dispel
"party fears" in the South - aft-
er all, haven't the northern Ne-
gro votes gone, at least to a sub-
stantial degree, to the Democratic
-Guy Reem
Dixieland Jazz, . .
IN ANSWER to Mr. Raphaels
request and in Defense of Dix-
ieland: Mr. Raphael claims that
Dixieland is "harmonically infan-
tile, devoid of embellishments and
interesting chord connections and,
all in all, scaled to the level of
musicians with meagre tech-
nique." This is all very true ac-
cording to the standards of jazz
as we have it today, but let's for-
get these standards for a while
and consider the merits of Dixie-
It would be well to note the in-
fluence that Dixieland has had on
the developments of 'jazz before
we shelve it as being outmoded.
Would you compare the perspec-
tive used by the 14th century
painters with the perspectives
used by the 19th century painters
and conclude that the 14th cen-
tury painters were any less great
because their work was compara-
tively infantile? Would you deny
the simple beauty of the Gregor-
ian Chant with its Cantur Firmus
because it appears "infantile" in
comparison with Tschaikowsky's
symphonies? I hardly think so.
Gillispie is great, but I don't
think that he would be nearly as
great were it not for the men such
as Sidney Bechet, Leon Beider-
becke, Jay C. Higginbotham, Jack-
son Teagarden, and "Pee Wee"
Russell who came before him.
Present day jazz will serve as the
influence in the development of
jazz 20 years from now. How ma-
ture, harmonically, will present
jazz be in 1966? Would you like
to have people in 1966 regard our
jazz as you regard Dixieland to-
'It's alright to sit on a man's
head once he's been floored but
out of respect for him we ought
to refrain from bouncing up and
-Harold Goodman
for a broad inquiry into German
occupation problems increased to-
night following a New York con-
ference between Secretary of
State Byrnes and members of the
Senate War Investigating Com-
The committee plans to begin
the investigation with a closed
hearing here Monday, at which~ Lt.
Gen. Lucius D. Clay is to be the
first witness. Clay is deputy com-
mander of American occupation
forces in Germany.
Costs of occupation, black mar-
ket activities and what Senator
Brewster (Rep., Maine) called
"sensational sex stories" are on
the tentative schedule for inves-

Fifty-Seventh Year
Edited and managed by students Cf
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Robert Goldman .....Managing Editor
Milton Freudenheim.Editorial Director
Clayton Dick'ey..... ,.....,. City Editor
Mary Brush ...........Associate Editor
Ann Kutz ............Associate Editor
Paul Harsha.........Associate Editor
Cark Baker............Sports Editor
Des Howarth ..Associate Sports Editor
Jack Martin ... Associate Sports Editor
Joan wlk ............Women's Editor
Lynne Ford .Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Robert E. Potter ....Business Manages
Evelyn Mills
.........Associate Business Manag1
Janet Cork Associate Business Manage
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