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November 20, 1946 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-11-20

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FOUR

THE MICHIGAN ,DAILY

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1946

Mutual Fair Play

MORE THAN 78,000 coal miners were idle and
pits in seven states closed yesterday as the
United States District Court ordered John L.
Lewis to end the soft coal strike threat. If tlj/
threat is carried out in the face of the govern-
ment's temporary injunction, 400,000 miners will
walk off the job, thereby undermining the en-
tire American economy.
That John L. Lewis would thereby face in-
dictment and a jail sentence is not the most
important factor in the situation, in spite of the
fact that public approval would follow such
action. The important thing is that the nation
needs coal. Without coal the battle of recon-
version will be halted, the stream of production
will be stopped and an already dangerous in-
flation will make good its long-dreaded threat.
Throwing the boss of the coal miners into jail
might satisfy the public in one way, but it
wouldn't get them the coal. This is why:
Last May, after the eighth walkout in five,
years had closed the mines for six weeks, the
government seized the mines and Secretary of
the Interior Julius A. Krug was named by the
President as Coal Mines Administrator. On
May 29, Lewis and Krug signed a contract grant-
ing the miners a wage increase, a five cent per
ton levy to build up a "welfare and retirement"
fund, a raise in vacation pay and increased au-
thority to union safety committees.
Negotiations throughout the summer to re-
turn the mines to their owners broke down Sept.
13, and the United Mine Workers at their an-
nual convention during the first week of October
indicated that they would insist on a new agree-
ment. Three weeks later Lewis demanded a con-
ference by Nov. 1 to negotiate this new agree-
ment. The demand was disputed by Krug on
the grounds that the contract is for the duration

of government control and thus could not be
reopened. President Truman intervened 'after
Lewis threatened a walkout Nov. 1 and talks
were begun between union representatives and
the Coal Mines Administration.
Last Monday Krug and Lewis met in con-
ference for the first time. It was then revealed
that Lewis wanted the wage rates agreed on
last spring to be raised to give the miners' the
same pay for a 40-hour week that they receive
for 54 hours. Secretary Krug's proposal for a
60-day truce, during which direct bargaining
would be resumed between Lewis and the op-
erators,'was accepted by the operators since
they hope to see the new Congress pass anti-
labor legislation by that time. Lewis rejected
the truce proposal for undoubtedly the same
reason.
Thus the embarrassed government must
either yield to one more shakedown before the
year's end or pave the way for the operators
to knock out the May agreement as soon as they
resume control. This agreement was the price
paid by the government to get the miners back
on the job. While it has a right to refuse fur-
ther concessions at the operators' expense, it
must recognize the responsibility for seeing to it
that the operators accept the concessions already
made.
This solution is the only one which can be
made in such a dispute: Lewis must drop his
extra demands for the present and abide by the
May agreement and the operators must likewise
carry out a contract made in their name by a
government acting in the public interest. Mutual
fair play can provide the only lasting, construc-
tive answer.
-Natalie Bagrow

e14?etteriGO the 6kCCt0O

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Under the recently announced
policy on Letters To The Editor, worthwhile letters
may be printed at any length at the discrimination of
the Editorial Director.)
Artificial Situation

To the Editor:

THE RECENT argument over the problem of
women's hours shows how artificial the sit-
uation is.
Each time it comes up, the request for easing
of the regulations is met with a different argu-
ment.
Last year we were told that hours for women
were necessary to make coeds get sufficient,
sleep. This is obviously ridiculous; any coed
who has sat up until two o'clock studying or
chewing the rag can testify to that. Even the
strongest protagonists of the argument were
rather sheepish about it.
The powers-that-be themselves dismissed the
morals argument as valueless.
Next came the question of maturity. It has
never been established just why a graduate stu-
dent of twenty-one is more mature than an un-
dergrad of twenty-two or three, or why a junior
or senior should ipso facto be more capable of
discretion than a freshman or sophomore. In
fact, there is strong evidence to refute this idea,
which was the basis of the recent petition for
later hours for upperclassmen.
A woman mature enough to attend a univer-
sity away from home is mature enough to gov-
ern her own conduct after dark. A state uni-
versity ought not to be run like an adolescents'
boarding school. It has been argued that parents
would not let their daughters attend any col-
lege where they were given free reign. If par-
ents fear for the behavior of their children, it
reflects upon them for not having succeeded in
their duties of parenthood in properly training
their offspring. As to any possible effect on the
enrollment of the University, there is no lack
of applicants to Columbia, which allows coeds
1:30 permission whenever requested and main-
tains one dormitory where no hours at all are
required.
Last week the battle came closer than ever
before to the crux of the matter. The Council
of House Presidents was pushing a petition for
later hours, and the proprietors of women's
League houses banded together to object to a
possible edict that would keep them up nights
for the benefit of perhaps only one student.
They said, justifiably, that it was already a lot
to ask that they stay up until 12:30 on weeskend
nights to see that women signed in. They
clinched their argument with a threat to break
their contracts with their boarders and with the
University should the proposed additional hours
be granted.
THE QUESTION is, is the coeds' convenience
as important as the convenience of the
housemothers? It is not fair to the coeds to'
deny them their rights. University women are
just as capable of budgeting their time as are
University men, and are equally entitled to the
right of doing so. There is no valid reason why
women's dormitories and League houses should
not be operated in the same way as are those
of the men, abolishing hours and the insulting
system of policing. There is definite advantage
in maintaining closing hours at which guests
must leave; but to women who have carried their
own latchkeys at home since they were ten or
twelve, the current regulations are art insult
and an embarrassment.
The only valid argument for hours for women
is that of protection. Dormitories and League
houses must be secure against breaking and en-
tering. But the present system of lockimg doors
and first floor windows does not give sufficient
protection, especially since the switchboard is
.- L rIn' a m

Fairness in Criticism
To the Editor:
W HEN one reads the various letters in The
Daily criticising the Michigan Union, the
Athletic Association, and other units within the
University, he wonders if the writers are really
serious in their statements or whether they only
want to blow off steam and provide reading ma-
terial for the girl friend back home. For if they
had the slightest desire to be truthful in their
statements and to correct the condition con-
cerning which they become so abusive and so
bitterly sarcastic, then it would seem only a
n-atter of prudence to learn the facts before
"spouting off."
By the way of illustration I will cite two of
the most recent effusions. Quoting from last
Friday's Daily, "On the basis of a $5.00 levy
made on every student, the Union receives a
subsidy of approximately $130,000 per year." The
implication is then made that because of this
huge subsidy, there must be gross mismanage-
ment or prices could be greatly reduced. Had
the writer only gone to the manager or to any-
one else who is in a position to know, he would
have learned that there is no levy of $5.00 or of
any other amount being made on any student
for the support of the Union. Furthermore, he
would have learned that not one dollar that is
"given" to the Michigan Union is ever used for
operation or maintenance. Such gifts are set
aside in a special fund and are used only for
new construction and for the improvement of
facilities.
Furthermore, I might suggest that if the
writer had condescended so much as to meet
some of the non-student members of the Board
of Directors, he might have been surprised to
find that they have neither horns nor a tail.
He might have learned that they are alumni
who are rendering a valuable service for which
they receive no compensation. Also they are all
life members who paid $50.00 or more for that
life membership whereas the present students
pay nothing. He might even have found that his
remark that "to expect any of them to do any-
thing for the benefit of the students is too revo-
lutionary to suggest" was just a wee bit of mis-
directed and unwarranted sarcasm for which he
should be downright ashamed. To prove this, all
that is required is an examination of the min-
utes of the Board of Directors.
Again in the issue of November 10, bitter com-
plaint was made of the conditions in the cafe-
teria. First may I ask who creates those condi-
tions, who throws those cigarette butts and dirty
napkins around, I don't believe the manager
does it. The writer offers a constructive sugges-
tion, "get more and better help." Simple isn't
it? Again, had the writer only cared to inquire,
he would have learned that the manager is des-
perately, yes even frantically trying to do that
very thing-but it can't be done. If the writer
can do it, I would suggest that he apply to Mr.
Kuenzel for the position of Personnel Manager.
He will probably get himself a job and at the
same time relieve Mr. Kuenzel of an awful head-
ache.
Fellows, let's be sensible before rushing into
print and making yourselves appear ridiculous.
Why don't you first go to the man who is in a
position to know-get all of the facts-and then
be honest and let your conscience be your guide
-that is, of course, if you have a desire to be
fair.
-C. 0. Wisler

ON WORLD AFFAIRS:
De-Nazification
By EDGAR A. MOWRER
PROFESSOR POLLOCK'S optimistic views on
American occupation of Germany as carried
out have brought considerable dissent. I have
asked one of the severest critics, Dr. Jean Pajus,
an economist formerly connected with the Uni-
versity of California, to comment on Dr. Pol-
lock's views. Dr. Pajus was for four years ad-
viser on economic warfare against Germany for
FEA and went to Germany in the summer of
1945 as adviser to the Division of Investigation
of Cartels and External Assets.
Here are his views:
"Pollock attributes the non-application of the
Potsdam program to the absence of a central
German government. The truth is, from the be-
ginning the occupying powers acted in question-
able fait
"The purpose of Potsdam was to compel
the Germans to live peacefully by eliminating
their war potential. Article 14 of Section B
states that Germany is to be treated as an eco-
nomic unity. Instead, the nature and spirit of
the economic controls imposed on Germany
have steadily been vitiated.
"One might even conclude that when the
British insisted on controlling the Ruhr and
Rhine, it was with the precise thought of nurs-
ing the Ruhr's assets as the economic key to fu-
ture control of Europe. Or why else are the
French being deprived of Ruhr coal for the bene-
fit of German industry?
"Why else were vicious German industrial-
ists and financiers given asylum in the British
zone and urged to start up their business? Why
was Hermann Abs, smartest German banker not
even excepting Hjalmar Schacht, appointed eco-
nomic and financial adviser for the British
zone? Abs was helped to escape from Berlin a
few days before the collapse with several bil-
lion marks belonging to the Deutsche Bank.
"Professor Pollock blames Germany's mis-
deeds on just this sort of vicious people. They
controlled Germany economy before-and they
are being helped to keep control of it!
The records of Baron Kurt von Schroeder,
Gerhardt Westrick, Georg von Schnitzler,
Krupp, Vereinigte Stahlwerke, Flick, Bosch,
Mannesmann, Wolff, Siemens-all prove that
it was Germany's integrated industrial econ-
omy that made it possible for Germany to
wage offensive war. When the war was lost,
the same industrialists forced a quick peace
in order that they might survive and carry on
the same war by intensified economic meas-
ures.
POLLOCK admits that only the U.S. has car-
ried out a policy of de-Nazification. Admit-
tedly, our record is better than the British. But
when Richard Freudenberg, the leather and
shoe tycoon who made his money out of blood,
was caught in the American zone, a representa-
tive of our AMG industrial division had him re-
leased. He said:
"This man Freudenberg is an able industrial-
ist, a sort of Henry Ford so you cannot hold him.
"General Clay has not confirmed the fiasco
made by the Germans when we turned de-Nazi-
fication over to them. The official report dis-
closes:
" "Out of 65,109 verdicts rendered by
German tribunals in Wurtemberg-Baden,
only two were found to apply to "major offen-
ders." A prominent industrialist of the ball-
bearing industry of Schweinefurt, Deussen,
was fined fifty marks. Yet this man was a
prominent Nazi endowed by Hitler with the
highest title granted to a captain of industry,
"Wehrwirtschaftsfuehrer."
Pollock says we are trying to rebuild a respon-
sible Germany democracy. I wish we could! But
with whom?
"With Robert Maier, now Minister President
of Wurtemberg-Baden? This early Hitlerite was
selected to 'decentralize' German industry under
Art. 12 of Potsdam.
"He has since reported that there is 'nothing
to worry about' in the continued existence of the
huge I. G. Barben and coal combines. Are we to
believe him?
"The Allied Control Council decided to limit
German steel production to 7.5 million tons

yearly. Did Professor Pollock oppose the grant-
ing of a big loan to the Vereinigte Stahlwerke
that would make this one company capable of
pr'oducing 10 million tons annually?
"Pollock finds German industry 'largely de-
stroyed.' The facts are:
"Germany still possesses the second largest
steel making capacity in the world, the second
largest nitrogen capacity, millions of machine
tools, a large ball-bearing making capacity,
a potentially strong synthetics industry, an ex-
cellent coal tar industry, not to mention tre-
mendous commercial and economic reserves
abroad. Seventy-five per cent of Germany's
war-time industrial capacity will soon be re-
stored unless we protect ourselves by destroy-
ing it.
"Had the Potsdam program been literally ap-
plied rather than sabotaged, a safe Germany
would nowbe emerging in a safe Europe. Ger ;
many should work for Europe. But not as a pro-
ducer of vital machinery and machine tools
which experience has proved cannot safely be
entrusted to German hands. Germany should
export coal and such other commodities as do not
entail the economic and strategic domination of
Europe.
"On this basis the Germans can achieve an
average European living standard. It would be a
crime to permit them anything more."
(Copyright 1946, )Press Alliance, Inc.)

Y <
pERENNIAL
yy.
''Copr. 146 by Uni.ted Feature Syndics'e inc.
Tm. R. o.S. Pet. Off.-All r hts reseevcJ
"They may not smell good, but tlWy say they hate Communism."

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

BILL MAULDIN

I

(Continued from Page 3)

Certificate of Eligibility. At the be-
ginning of each semester and sum-
mer 'session every student shall be
conclusively presumed to be ineligible
for any public activity until his eli-
gibility is affirmatively established by
obtaining from the Chairman of the
Committee on Student Affairs, in the
Office pf the Dean of Students, a
Certificate of Eligibility. Participa-
tion before the opening of the first
semester must be approved as at any
other time.
Before permitting any students to
participate in a public activity (see
definition of Participation above), the
chairman or manager of such activ-
ity shall (a) require each applicant
to present a certificate of eligibility,
(b) sign his initials on the back of
such certificate and (c) file with the
Chairman of the Committee on Stu-
dent Affairs the names of all those
who have presented certificates of
eligibility and signed a statement to
exclude all others from participation.
Blanks for the chairmen's lists may
be obtained in the Office of the Dean
of Students.
Certificates of Eligibility for the
first semester shall be effective until
March 1.
Probation and Warning: Students
on probation or the warned list are
forbidden to participate in any pub-
lic activity.
Eligibility, First Year: No freshman
in his first semester of residence may
be granted a Certificate of Eligibility.
A freshman, during his second se-
mester of residence, may be granted
a Certificate of Eligibility provided
he has completed 15 hours or more
of work with (1) at least one mark
of A or B and with no mark less than
C, or (2) at least 2% times as many
honor points as hours and with no
mark of E. (A-4 points, B-3, C-2,
D-1, E-0).
Any student in his first semester
of residence holding rank above that
of freshman may be granted a Cer-
tificate of Eligibility if he was ad-
mitted to the University in good
standing.
Eligibility, General: In order to re-
ceive a Certificate of Eligibility a stu-
dent must have earned at least 11
hours of academic credit in the pre-
ceding semester, or 6 hours of aca-
demic credit in the preceding sum-
mer session, with an average of at
least C, and have at least a C av-
erage for his entire academic career.
Unreported grades and grades of X
and I are to be interpreted as E un-
til removed in accordance with Uni-
versity regulations. If in the opinion
of the Committee on Student Affairs
the X or I cannot be removed
promptly, the parenthetically report-
ed grade may be used in place of the
X or I in computing the average.
Students who are ineligiblerunder
Rule V may participate only after
having received special permission
of the Committee on Student Affairs.
Officers, Chairmen and Managers:
Officers, chairmen and managers of
committees and projects who violate
the Rules Governing Participation in
Public Activities may be directed to
appear before the Committee on Stu-
dent Affairs to explain their negli-
gence.

The Detroit Public Schools are se-
lecting teachers for placement in
February 1947. A bachelor's degree
and a Michigan secondary certificate
are required for intermediate school;
a master's degree and a Michigan
secondary certificate for high school;
and a bachelor's degree and a Mich-
igan elementary certificate for ele-
mentary school. All candidates for
permanent positions must participate
in a selection process which includes
a psychological test, speech test and
other tests and interviews. The
names of selected candidates are
placed on eligibility lists from which
vacancies are filled. It is necessary
for candidates to be in Detroit two
days for the tests and interviews.
Candidates may come on two Sat-
urdays or !wo successive days. Fur-
ther information at Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 201 Mason Hall.
The Department of State assists
in the maintenance of more than
twenty-five cultural centers in the
other Americal Republics. They are
interested in knowing about good
candidates for positions as admini-
strators, teachers of English, and li-
brarians. Qualifications: A.B. degree
or equivalent; successful experience,
preferably in language teaching; a
speaking knowledge of either Spanish
or Portuguese, or, in candidates in-
terested in Haiti, French; good
health; a readiness to cooperate and
make friends with foreign nationals;
an adaptability to changed living
conditions; and a knowledge of and
the ability to interpret the cultural
heritage of the United States. Sal-
aries are good, including substantial
living allowance and transportation
both ways. Further information at
the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall.
Willow Run Village:
West Court Community Bldg.
Wed., Nov. 20, 7:30-9:30 p. in.,
Rev. Mr. Edwards, religious and per-
sonal counseling, preferably by ap-
pointment; 8:00 p. m., Wednesday
Night Lecture Series, Jean P. Slus-
ser, Prof. of Drawing and Painting,
Director of the Museum of Art, ill-
ustrated lecture, "How to Look at
a Modern Painting."
Thurs., Nov. 21, 2:00 p. n., Open
class in Prenatal and Child Care,
sponsored by the Washtenaw Coun-
ty Health Department, 'Care of the
Sick Child," including discussion of
common signs of disease and proce-
dures in the care of the sick - Tea
will be served; 8:00 p. in., Extension
class in psychqlogy; 8:00 p. m.,Sew-
ing Club; 8:00 p. in., Bridge session.
Fri., Nov. 22, 8:00 p. m., Classical
Recordings.
West Lodge
Wed., Nov. 20, 6:30 p. in., Basket-
ball League; 7:00 p. in., Duplicate
bridge club; 7:00 p.m., Social Di-
rector's meeting; 8:30 p. m., Dance
entertainment committee meeting.
Thurs., Nov. 21, 8:00 p. m., Little
Theatre Group presents "Blithe
Spirit," by Noel Coward. Auditorium.
West Lodge.
Fri., Nov. 22, 8:30 p. in., University
of Michigan students' dance.
Sat., Nov. 23, 8:00 p. in., Little
Theatre Group presents "Blithe
Spirit," by Noel Coward. Auditorium.
West Lodge.
Lectures
Phi Delta Epsilon Lecture. Dr. Roy
D. McClure, Chief Surgeon, Henry
Ford Hospital, Detroit, will speak on
the subject, "The Historical Devel-
opment of the Treatment of Burns,"
at 8 o'clock tonight in the Main Am-
phitheatre, University Hospital; aus-
nircac io Phi n.ltn aEnsilon mrlinl

Academic Notices
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet at 3:00 p.m., Fri., Nov. 22, in
Room 219, W. Medical Bldg. The
subject to be discussed will be "Col-
ostrum." All interested are invited.
Mathematics Seminar on Stochas-
tic Processes will meet at 3:00 p.m.,
Thurs., Nov. 21, in 317 W. Engineer-
ing. Prof. A. H. Copeland will speak
on Brownian movement.
Special Functions Seminar: 10:00
a.m., Wed., Nov. 20, in Room 340 W.
Engineering Bldg. Mr. Northam will
talk on Orthogonal Polynomials.
Veterans' Tutorial Program: An
additional Veterans' Tutorial Sec-
tion in elementary Mathematics has
been scheduled to meet Tuesdays,
Thursdays, and Fridays from 7:00 to
8:00 p.m. in Rm. 3017 Angell Hall.
Events Today
Botany Journal Club will meet at
7:30 tonight in Room 1139, Natural
Science. There will be reports by
George Small, Ted Banks, Margery
Anthony and Russell Steere. Re-
freshments. Prof. H. H. Bartlett,
Chairman.
Phi Lambda Upsilon faculty and
student members will meet at 7:30
tonight in the W. Conference Room,
Rackham Bldg. Prof. K. Fajans will
speak on "Recollections."
Delta Chapter of the National Sig-
nal Corps fraternity, P Tau Pi Sigma
will meet at 7:30 tonight in Rm. 100,
Military Hdqs. Bldg. Important plans
for technical and social functions
will be discussed.
Der deutsche Verein will meet at
8 o'clock tonight in Room 318,
Union. Program: Ein Gemutlicher
Abend consisting of two short Ger-
man skits and singing of German
songs. Refreshments. All those in-
terested are cordially invited.
Debaters: All debaters who expect
to debate the labor question are re-
(Continued on Page 6)
Fifty-Seventh Year
Edited and managed by students of the
University of Michigan under the author-
ity of the Board in Control of Student
Publications.
Editorial Staff
Robert Goldman........Managing Editor
Milton Freudenhelm..Editorial Director
Clayton Dickey.................City Editor
Mary Brush...............Associate Editor
Ann Kutz.................Associate Editor
Paul Harsha.............. Associate Editor
Clark Baker..............Sports Editor
Des Howarth......Associate Sports Editor
Jack Martin......Associate Sports Editor
Joan Wilk.................Women's Editor
Lynne Ford......Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Robert E. Potter........Business Manager
Evelyn Mills... Associate Business Manager
Janet Cork.... Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively en-
titled to the use for re-publication of all
iews dispatches credited to it or otherwise
credited in this newspaper. All rights of
re-publication of all other matters herein
are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor,
Michigan, as second-class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school
year by carrier, $5.00, by mail. 6.00.

1

[mUSIC
Yehudi Menuhin returned to Hill
Auditorium last night and produced
the unpleasant experience of start-
ing off on a high level and gradually
dissipating into some very dull mus-
ic.
The first half of the program was
not played with the technical bril-
liance that Mr. Menuhin has achiev-
ed on other occasions but he did
display poise and mature phrasing
which, coupled with the inherent
caliber and demands of the music it-
Slf, help d provide an enjoyable first
half rceit a .
Throughout the entire evening,
though, Mr. Menuhin appeared tired
and lacked sparkle. This became
apparent in the great Bach unac-
compajnied sonata in G miinor. When
vi-,' Metithin.arrivedGat the titanic
fwu'u. he lacked the physical stam-
ina to give the full and vigorous
attack the music demanded.
After the intermission, the music
and the performance both took a
turn for the worse. In the Sym-
phonie Espagnole Mr. Menuhin ran
through a number that on any num-
ber of other times he has played with
enthusiasm and excellence.
The final selections were played
xwith indifference, almost contempt.
T1his may well be what they deserve,
but Mr. Menuhin did nothing to en-
hance their value.

I

--

BARNABY

..

r 1

I'm a whit troubled- The Packomobile
salesman with whom I conversed on the;
, ,- . - r . t

Oh. I'm not concerned with the
problem of misfaken identity-
A . ut.. Rti fr.. a - :s u/Lr

.op y' IV44, tiI , ..i&pp. PM.,' . F
R G .Po . IOHL
If any organization HE'S
Just as I was about interested in wants to
In n- ; ,i{', affl r :-me oda POnkommobl

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