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November 16, 1946 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-11-16

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FRAUDS
ENUMERATED
Sep Page 41

Yl r e

Latest Deadline in the State

*aii4&

CLOUDY, COLDER
But don't let it keep
you from the game

VOL. LVII No. 47 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Big Five Will
Discuss Veto
Curb Monday
Revvin Talks
Molotov Approves
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, N. 'Y., Nov. 15-
The Big Five agreed tonight to begin
consultations, probably Monday, on
a plan for softening the use of the
veto in the United Stations Security
Council.
This step was made possible when
Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molo-
tov agreed to a proposal submitted to
the Big Five earlier today by British
Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin for
discussions among the permanent
members of the Security Council on
the veto.
U. S., France, China Agree
The United States, France and
China, authoritative source said, had
agreed to the proposal when Bevin
suggested the consultations in letters
to each of his colleagues in which he
included a plan which might appease
small-nation opponents of the veto.
Molotov's acceptance for immedi-
ate talks came tonight after the big
powers had crushed any small coun-
try hope of eliminating or modifying
the Big Five veto in the Security
Council and warned that any change
in th'e charter would wreck the inter-
national peace organization,
An authoritative source said that
in agreeing to the talks Molotov sug-
gested that they not begin until after
the weekend. This source said they
would probably begin Monday.
New Prosposal Expected
Other sources said France would
propose tomorrow that the General
Assembly's 51-nation Political and
Security Committee suspend the'hot
veto debate while the Big Five meet
to try to agree on whether any of the
proposed modifications of the veto
were acceptable.
Bevin's move was understood to be
aimed at concluding a Big Five inter-
pretation to supplement the spon-
sored powers interpretation of the
veto which was issued at San Fran-
cisco.
If such an agreement is reached by
the big powers, it was explained, the
supplementary interpretaticn would
have to be brought back to the P-
litical and Security Committee for its
approval and submission to the As-
sembly.
U Conducts
Army Survey
Opinions Sought on
New Uniform Styles
The Army will soon be resplendent
in new dress uniforms.
In order to determine a popular
style for the forthcoming raiment,
soldier and civilian opinion are cur-
rently being sampled by the Univer-
sity's newly-esablished Survey Re-
search Center.
Working in conjunction with the
Quartermaster Corps, the Center has
been surveying opinion in various
Army camps, and the choice has al-
ready been narrowed down to eight
basic uniforms. Staff members of the
Center will leave for Europe and Ja-
pan some time next month to inter-
view Army personnel stationed
abroad.
When soldier opinion has been

boiled down to the two or three most
popular models, several hundred
Army men, attired in these uniforms,
will circulate in cities and Army
camps to get public reaction to them.
The final choice will be known next
spring after all the survey material
has been tabulated and analyzed at
the Center's main office in Univer-
sity Elementary School.
Tanks Approach

I

Coal Contract Broken
By Lewis; Clark Calls
Walkout Signal Illegal
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15-John L. Lewis and the United States govern-
ment collided head-on tonight, with Lewis signalling for a walk-out of the
nation's 400,000 soft coal miners Wednesday, and the government warning
him that his action was without warrant in law.
If the strike materializes, the result may be a test of strength between
the United Mine Workers' chief and the government topping any ever seen
before in his stormy career.

Maize and Blue Need Victory over

Invading Badgers

Today

To Stay

In Crucial Big Nine TitleStruggle

e Specifically, Lewis served notic
with the government as of midnigh
i<
County Plan
For Influenza,
Prevention Set
Facing the imminence of an in-
fluenza epidemic, th Washtenaw
County Medical Society has agreed
"to cooperate in every way possible"
in the immunization of a consider-
able portion of the county's resi-
dents.
Dr. Margaret Bell, who directed the
University's immunization program
in which more than 13,000 members
of the University community par-
ticipated, said that she was very
pleased by the society's action. It will
afford students', faculty members'
and employees' families, who could
not be included in the University
program,, an oportunity for immun-
ization and strengthen even further
the campus barrier against an epi-
demic, she said.
The Medical Society discussed set-
ting up specific' immunization clin-
ics, but on the basis of reports by Dr.
Otto K. Engelke, county health
commissioner, and the County
Health Unit, they decided that the
administrative machinery to carry
out the project is not available in
the county at the present time.
The work will be carried out at
individual physicians' offices "at a
reasonable cost per patient."
The University's and county's pro-
grams are directly in line with na-
tionwide projects to forestall an in-
ffuenza epidemic this winter.
Two faculty members of the Uni-
versity School of Public Health, Dr.
Thomas Francis, Jr., and Dr. Jonas
E. Salk, developed an influenza A
and B vaccine during the war whic
is being widely used now. According
to Dr. Salk, the vaccine has been
used in programs similar to the Uni-
versity's at Chicago, Northwestern,
Minnesota and Yale universities and
at Michigan State College.
The New York Medical School is
among a large group of schools
throughout the country which are
contemplating use of the vaccine in
mass programs, he said.
Menuhin Noted
For Unique Style
Plays Only Original
Versions of Classics
Yehudi Menuhin, violinist, who will
present the fourth concert of the
Choral Union Series Tuesday, is
noted for his tenedency to ignore mu-
sical precedents.
Refusing to use the accepted edited
versions of classics, Menuhin plays
from original editions of composi-
tions. In his research for original
texts, he has restored musical works
which had been completely obscured.
Among these are the Adelaide Con-
certo of Wolfgang Mozart, Robert
Schumann's "lost" concertotand the
B-minor concerto of Sir Edward El-
gar.
Early in his career, Menuhin de-
cided to play as encores pieces like the
Bach sonatas, instead of short well-,
known selections. His individuality is
also demonstrated by his practice of
composing programs entirely of ma-
jor concertos, which he often does on
European tours.

e that he "terminates" his contract
t Wednesday-an action that would
e automatically pull the miners out.
And Secretary of the Interior Krug
fired back a formal opinion from
Attorney General Clark that "You
are without power to terminate this
contract with the government."
Basis for Court Action
An opinion of the Attorney Gen-
eral has no force of law. But it would
provide a basis for the government
to go to court for an order that
would be binding. Never before in its
tumultuous dealings with Lewis has
the government held a contract with
him.
Krug urged Lewis to think it over.
In this he echoed a plea made earlier
in the day by President Truman,
which fell on deaf ears at Lewis'
headquarters. The President's appeal
was in a statement, however, while
Krug sent a letter to which he ob-
viously expected a definite reply.
The strike, if it comes, would
catch the nation with only about a
month's supply of coal on hand.
There was a 42-day supply on hand
last April 1 before the 59-day strike
last spring which led to factory shut-
downs and disrupted transportation
before it was ended.
Negotiations withOperators
Negotiations under way since Nov.
1 blew up with a bang when Krug,
backed by Truman, insisted that
Lewis bargain for his new wage de-
mands with the operators instead of
with the government.
The operators agreed.
But Lewis cried "sheer folly and
empty platitude," and flatly refused.
See LEWIS, page 2
I SC To Initiate
Education Talks
Brazilian Official Will
Speak at Round Table
"The Role of the United Nations
in International Education" will be
the topic for discussion at the first
round table to be sponsored by the
International Students Committee at
7:30 p.m. Monday in the Internation-
al Center.
Dr. Abgar Renault, Brazilian edu-
cator, and official delegate to the
United Nations Educational, Scien-
tific, and Cultural Organization Con-
ference in London in 1945, will be
the principal speaker.
Dr. Renault was also the delegate
from Brazil to the first Pan-Ameri-
can Conference on Education in Pan-
ama in 1943. He is here under the
auspices of the Inter-American Edu-
cational Foundation to observe the
instruction in foreign languages, lit-
erature, general science, and teacher-
training at the University.
The round table is the first of a
series on Trends and Purposes of In-
ternational Education which are to
be conducted by the newly-organized
committee.
It will open to all foreign and
American students and faculty mem-
bers.
U.S. Zone Most Advanced
In Economic Recovery
BERLIN, Nov. 15- (UP) - Trade
among the four occupied zones of
Germany is increasing despite the
existence of barriers, a U.S. Military
Government report said today.
An American informant declared
that an overall survey would show
the U.S. Zone making the best com-
parative progress toward economic
recovery.

MAIL BY HELICOPTER-Delivery of letters at a Chicago airport by helicopter is the forerunner of a plan
at Willow Run which will be tried out next year.

Russia Denies
Use of Troops
In Free Nations
LONDON, Nov. 15--(A')-A Mos-
cow radio commentator said tonight:
"There is not a single Soviet soldier
outside this country except the occu-
pation troops in former enemy coun-
tries and a certain number in Poland
to safeguard the communications of
these occupation troops."
Mikhall Mikhailov, the broadcaster,
did not give the number of troops
serving beyond Soviet borders.
Prime Minister Stalin said last
month in reply to a question sub-
mitted to him that Russia had 60 di-
visions in "Eastern Europe" and that
that number would be reduced to 40
within two months.
Winston Churchill had suggested
earlier in the British House of Com-
mons that Russia had 200 divisions
in Eastern, Europe.
Mikhailov declared that "the Soviet
Union has withdrawn its troops from
Norway, Bornholm (Danish Island),
Iran, Manchuria, Czechoslovakia and
Yugoslavia," and added:
"On the other hand, there still are
British troops in Burma, Greece,
Egypt, Palestine, Iraq, Indonesia, and
American troops in Iceland, the Phil-
ippines and China."
Chile Prepares
Social Reforms
SANTIAGO, Chie, Nov. 15-(P)-
The 12-day-old leftist government of
President Gabriel Gonazlez Videla set
in motion a sweeping program of ad-
ministrative, social, economic and
financial reforms today by preparing
47 pieces of proposed legislation for
a special session of congress Tuesday.
Most of the bills were intended to
hold down the cost of living and stop
the spiral of inflation for Chile's res-
tive 5,000,000 population. But union-
ization of Chile's 1,000,000 farm
workers, the women's franchise and
the biggest budget in the country's
history stood out among the meas-
ures listed in the president's message.

EMOTIONAL DEPTH:
Vet Students Prefer Poetry
In Hopwood Writing Contest

Poetry is the medium this year for
veteran students to express their war-
timetemotional experiences, accord-
ing to Prof. Roy W. Cowden, direc-
tor of the Hopwood contest in crea-
tive writing.
Five returned veterans are writing
Home .Lacks
Heat, Water;
Student Sues
Post-war days have become as
tough as those in France for Lt.
Col. Walter Berg, a freshman in the
University Law School, since Ken-
neth Ratliff, Berg's landlord, cut a
three foot hole in the side of the Berg
apartment, allowing the\brisk Ann
Arbor wind to sweep through his un-
heated home.
Berg has, begun action with the
Michigan District Court, through the
OPA, to have restitution made for
Ratliff's alleged damages to his
"peace of mind and the tranquility
of his home."
Federal Judge Arthur A. Koscinski
has issued a temporary restraint or-
der requiring Ratliff to fix the water
supply and the heating facilities, and
to close up the hole in the side of the
apartment pending examination into
issuance of a preliminary injunction
against him, the Detroit OPA office
announced yesterday. -
"I have to put in a window and
build a brick chimney or the town-
ship building inspectors will bring
action against me because the house
is unsafe for heating as it stands,"
Ratliff stated.
Berg claimed that the oil heater
used to heat the home was useless
because Ratliff had taken down the
oil drums and the smoke-pipe for it
so he could cut the hole in the house.
"Ratliff shut off the water two
weeks ago. Since than we have been
carrying out water from the neighbors
300 yards away for washing, cook-
ing and toilet facilities," Berg as-
serted.
The OPA added in its three count
statement that Ratliff had over-
charged Berg for the apartment and
had charged him $182 for a hot water
heater and finishing the interior.
Perspecives Will
Appear Tomorrow
This year's first issue of Perspec-

poetry stemming from their military
experience, even though the great
majority of the record number of
novels to be entered in the Hop-
wood contest this year are not based
on the war.
Prof. Cowden said that teachers of
creative writing as well as publish-
ers are at a loss to explain this inter-
est in poetry.
Mirror of Emotional Depth
He suggested that veterans are
choosing poetry as their medium be-
cause "it can more adequately mirror
the depth of their emotional experi-
ences and at the same time be com-
pact."
If the awakened interest in poetry
continues, Prof. Cowden believes it
may well change the complexion of
American verse-writing.
Proportions Change
He noted a turnabout in the pro-
portion of men to women writing
poetry. Although women students at
the University usually monopolize the
field, seven men are working on vol-
umes of verse this year, including
two non-veterans, as compared to
three women.
Twenty-four students are writing
novels for the Hopwood contest, a
considerable increase over past years,
Prof. Cowden said.
Fifteen women and only nine men
are at work on novels. Only two of
the novels have themes dealing in any
way with the war.
Five of the students, all Hopwood
winners, are workiing on their second
book.
Since the first campus novel in
1923, the number of books written
each year has increased steadily. The
first novel, "The Temper," by Laur-
ence Conrad, was of such interest
that progress reports were published
in The Daily.
The rate of increase has been great-
er since the beginning of the Hop-
wood contests in 1931, according to
Prof. Cowden, wtih students coming
from all parts of the country to com-
pete for the prizes.
'Soliloquy' Will
Be Broadcast
The first performance of the "Soli-
loquy for Horn and Organ," composed
by Prof. Edmund Haines of the music
school, will be presented on a Colum-
bia Broadcasting System nation-
wide hookup at 9:15 a.m. tomorrow.
The composition, which will be
played by E. Power Biggs. concert

65,000 To See
Final Home Tilt
Of '46 Season
Battle Today Marks
20th Game of Series
By CLARK BAKER
Boasting eight ex-Wolverine grid-
ders and a supporting cast of letter-
men, Wisconsin's dangerous Badgers
will invade Michigan Stadium to
clash with the Maize and Blue war-
riors in the Wolverines' home finale
today at 2 p.m.
65,000 To See Clash
A throng of 65,000 fans is expected
to witness Michigan's bid to stay in
the thick of the Western Conference
grid race. A win over Wisconsin
coupled with an Illinois defeat at the
hands of Ohio State today would en-
trench the Maize and Blue in the
driver's seat and throw the Wolver-
ines' hopes into their finale next
Saturday with the Buckeyes.
Today's battle will only be the 20th
between the two Big Nine schools
but the rivalry stretches 'all the way
back to 1892 when Michigan first
squeezed out a 10-6 triumph over
the Cardinals. The last meeting of
the Wolverines and Badgers came in
1944 and then Fritz Crisler's men,
capitalizing on a couple of long scor-
ing plays, chalked up a hard-earrned
14-0 win. Michigan leads in the
series, 14-4, with one tie.
Badger's Record Not Too Good
Wisconsin's season mark is not
too good. The Badgers started out
strong by walloping Marquette, 34-0,
and California, 28-7, but then were
slowed down to a crawl by North-
The Wolverine B Team will meet
the Wisconsin Jayvees at 10:30
a.m. today at Ferry Field. The B
Team, under Coach Wally Weber,
willbe looking for its sixth win of
the season.
western as the Wildcats romped to
a 28-0 win. Snapping back, Coach
Harry Stuhldreyer's men toppled
Ohio State, 20-7, in a big upset.
In their last three outings the
Cardinals haven't fared so well. Illi-
nois ralled from a one-touchdown
deficit in the final quarter to post
a 27-21 decision over the Badgers.
Purdue caught the Badgers' on the
rebound the next week but lost out
See WISCONSIN, Page 3
Record Season
Fan Total Seen
Badger Tilt May Push
Figure Over 500,000
Michigan's total home game atten-
dance for the 1946 season is ex-
pected to pass the half million mark
at today's game for an all time high,
according to Andrew Baker, Athletic
Board official.
This figure is an increase of 200,000
over the previous high in home game
attendance marked up last year
when the same number of games
was played in Ann Arbor. Baker at-
tributes the increase to the greater
student enrollment and removal of
travel restrictions.
Today's game will feature the final
home appearance of Michigan's
famed "Fighting Hundred" Marching
Band which will present a half-time
musical quiz program. In the absence
of the Wisconsin band, which is not
traveling with the football team, the
Michigan musicians will also offer a
pre-game salute to the Badgers.
Approximately 1,200 Badger fans

will make the trek from Madison,
according to an unofficial estimate.
Chinese Reds
Shun Assembly
NANKING, Nov. 15--(P)--China's
cnstitutional Algmhselvele1n

Skra

Siege

Area

ON PEN-PAL'S SAY-SO:

SALONIKA, Nov. 15 - (P) - The
four-day battle revolving around the
village of Skra still raged today in
the 'ugged mountains between the
village and nearby Archangelos just
south of the Yugoslav border.
Greek Third Army Headquarters
said two tank-supported brigades
were moving into the region. (The
high command said in Athens that
it was advised by Gen. Constantin

Letters Lure Indian Student to 'U'

w

By FRED SCHOTT
Irshad Alikhan came from India to
the University because his pen-pal
girl friend in Saginaw talked him into
it.
Alikhan said that she wrote to him

final exams sent from Cambridge,
England, and it took him months to
get his final grades. Second, he
didn't get along well with his En-
lish schoolfellows.
His transfer to the University was

particularly in comparison
schools in his own country.

to

"At home only the very best have
a chance for higher education. Most
universities can only accommodate
about 50 students. The universities

I

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