THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 15,
THE recent Republican landslide in the Con-
gressional elections serves irrefutable notice
to all politicians of the frame of mind possessed
by the American people. Since The Daily has
carried so many editorials expounding the Dem-
ocratic points of view, we should like to make
clear a program which, although it is not an of-
ficial Republican program, is indicative df the
Republican way of thought as contrasted with
the Democratic dogma.
There are eight major objectives which the
Republicans should attempt to attain to put
the nation on a normal keel for the benefit of
the American people as a whole:
(1) The new Congress should declare an im-
mediate end to the "National Emergency" thus
permanently ending such impenitent atrocities
as military conscription, wartime alphabetical
bureaucracies such as OPA, CPA, WPB, WMA,
USES, etc., excise and "luxury" taxes, building
restrictions, and especially the President's war-
time dictatorial powers.
(2) The Congress should cut all income taxes
by not less than 20%.
(3) The National Budget should and must
be balanced. No more "gift-loans" to nations
like Britain, who herself just granted Czecho-
slovakia a huge loan with American money.
(Guess who collects the interest?)
The vast expenditures of a conscript army
should be halved; those of the Navy should be
reduced by a fourth. This can, of course, be
accomplished concomitantly with world-
wide disarmament as planned by the United
Nations Organization. The hordes of useless
Government officeholders should be turned
out, no longer to "feed at the public trough" or
to exist on the Democratic "gravy train!"
(4) The streamlining of Congress under the
excellent La Follette Bill should be continued,
but the priceless filibuster must be preserved to
protect the rights of a minority against any
odds. (A really obstructive filibuster can be
killed by calling continuous session of the Sen-
(5) The bipartisan foreign policy should be
encouraged, but both the warmongering 'Get-
firm-with-Russia" philosophy and the aquescent
"Give-Russia-Anything" inanity should be
squelched. We should follow Senator Vanden-
berg's ideal of friendship and cooperation.
(6) Such things as the Poll Tax and Bilbo
can be and should be eliminated or made im-
potent by the new Republican Congress.
(7) The Congress should pass constructive
labor legislation incorporating the principles
that (a) membership in an organization is not
a requirement for employment or anything else;
(b) workers' organizations and movements are
legally liable for breach of contract, for destruc-
tion of property owing to strikes, for inciting
riots, or for intimidating American citizens with
"goon squads," in the same manner that, all
other institutions are responsible for their ac-
tions; (c) that a system of labor courts as ad-
vocated by Senator Ferguson, are mandatory
and should have power similar to the civil courts.
(8) Above all, the most important part of
the Republican program is a measure which
sh ld receive highest consideration on the
Congressional calendar. And that is the es-
tablishment of the long-awaited National
Science Foundation, which would provide re-
search grants to universities and scientific
societies and institutions, science fellowships,
and finally, scholarships for high school grad-
uates and college undergraduates who dis-
play exceptional science talent.
So here we have, broadly conceived, a real
program, one which will require the utmost in
courage and vision on the part of all Congress-
men. Indeed, many of these measures are also
advocated and supported by the non-New Deal
Democrats; others will be bitterly fought by
special interests. In spite of narrow pressure
groups, special interests, and localized opposi-
tion, we feel that the above leight measures, if
put into immediate effect will do more to effect
domestic--tranquility and world harmony than
any other set of proposals at this era in our
-Richard W1 Fink
CL'ePJ rito 1ie 6Ii or
EDITORS NOTE: No letter to the editor will be
printed unless signed and written in good taste.
Leters over 300 words in length will be shortened or
Defunct Voting ...
To the Editor:
ASSUMING that the elections are now ovel,
I submit that the campus BMOC's, N1 o
arrange for these periodic lacerations of the
ID cards (and make loud protestations abott
housing, grading of professors, and perhaps
unconstitutional liquor cards in their spare
rime), can very easily have another election hole
xunched in the above-mentioned ID cards, and
therefore, a lot more fun for themselves out of
the whole thing by discovering that proportion-
al representation, which system of voting was
used, has been very unconstitutional for some
time in the state of Michigan, being so declared
in the case of the city charter of Kalamazoo.
Three more punches and the dry under-aged
coed will be able to tell the inquisitor it the
door of the local watering-places that unfor-
tanately her age (22) was deleted by her exer-
cising her duties as a good voter.
In on the Know?....
To the Editor
AS A MEMBER of the student body I would
like to learn what the result of the football
exchange with subsequent threats was before
all the ballyhoo about the student election-or
don't we get in on the know?
To the Editor:
IN TODAY'S DAILY, Mr. E. E. Ellis
tried to discredit the remarks of the local
AVC chairman against Communist attempts to
dominate that organization by dismissing the'
remarks as "Red-baiting." Apparently a criti-
cism of the Communists, whether justified or
not, is "Red-baiting."
Apparently Ellis' reasoning runs this way:
the AVC was formed in opposition to the ultra-
At the Michigan -. -
BOYS' RANCH (MGM), James Craig, Butch
REGULARLY every four or five years the old-
er generation in Hollywood delegates one of
its members to reform the younger generation
(male). Humphrey Bogart did it in Crime
School, Spencer Tracy did it in Boys' Town.
This year it's James Craig's turn. The scene
has shifted from New York and Nebraska to
Texas. The Dead End Kids and Mickey Rooney
have been replaced by a new crop of youngsters.
The story is the same. There are the two tough
kids, one good, one seemingly bad; the easy
reform of the good one and the tough, but equal-
ly efficient reform of the bad one; truth tri-
umphs over all, straight shooters always win.
T , mmui ieids there are 53 boys and one little
conservative American Legion and so should in-
clude everyone who is opposed to that conserva-
tism. He seems to ignore the fact that the pre-
sence of the Communists in large numbers in
a group is usually a hindrance rather than an
aid in the long run in our country as it is today.
The day that AVC begins to follow the party
line is the day that AVC's effectiveness in com-
bating the Legion policies is ended.
When Lorne Cooke of the AVC said that the
Communists were not wanted in the AVC, I be-
lieve he was letting us know that we do not have
to choose between the Legion and the Commun-
ists. And the AVC can be an organization for
those persons to whom the policies of the other
two organizations are equally repugnant. There-
fore what objection can there be to Cooke's
statement that the AVC- doesn't want members
whose principles are completely different from
those for which the organization now stands?
In conclusion I would like to remark that I
do not believe the time has arrived when "the
progressive movement" and "the communists"
are identical in the public mind.
-Donald F. Mela
Objection Raised *. *
To the Editor:
THINK an objection should be raised against
Dr. Blakeman's analysis of the reasons for
the trend toward orthodoxy in religious circles.
Far from being a phase of the "pattern of des-
pair," a careful investigation will show the, rea-
sons rest on the collapse of the basic presup-
positions of theological liberalism: namely, the
inherent goodness of man and the inevitability
of progress. The experience of the leaders of the
"Barthian" or "Neo-orthodox" movement is,
most illuminating in reflecting the failure of the
liberal approach. The war has but quickened
the death of theological liberalism by showing
the shallowness of social progress and man's
goodness alone for men facing death. The re-
volt against liberalism comes due to the realiza-
tion on the part of thinking men that Christian-
ity offers far more than a high moral code or
philosophy of religion, but a dynamic life in
communion with God through His Son Jesus
Prefluffce . . ..
To the Editor:
IN yesterday's Daily, Lewis E. Combest, de-
nouncing the pre-election attack on Senator
Vandenberg by E. E. Ellis, labeled the below the
belt punch as acting in the "finest and best New
Tsk, tsk--Mr. Combest, I do believe you're
Export figures of the United States for Oc-
tober, not yet announced, will show that exports
are running almost a fourth below the average
of preceding months, largely because of the
tie-up of vessels by strikes.
At The Lydia Mendelssohn
CRIME AND PUNISHMENT - Harry Bauer,
TWO PROBLEMS faced the producers of this
film: can a man's conscience be success-
fully recorded on film and can a book as de-
tailed as Dostoevski's Crime and Punishment
be put in the movies? To deal with the last
question first, I am afraid that the answer is
no. The detail that can be put into a novel only
confuses the public when put on the screen.
There arestories from which much detail can
be omitted and never missed, but Crime and
Punishment is not one of them. Having read
the book, I was able to follow the action, ab-
rupt though its transitions were. Those who
do not know the story, however, may be a little
in the dark. As to the representation of a man's
conscience, it is beautifully done by Pierre Blan-
chard. He does Raskolnikov as neatly as the
part can be played. The scenes that he and
Harry Bauer do together in the last half of the
picture are perfect.
THOSE WHO know Dostoevski's book should
be pleased with the casting and the sets.
Both seem to be lifted straight from the pages
of the novel. There has been no dressing up
for the public of the rather grim environment
and characters. Raskolnikov's room, the mon-
ey-lender's tenement, the apartment of Sonia's
father, have all the dreary details that Dos-
toevski invested in his work. As mentioned be-
fore, the continuity is a little jerky. Some
characters and scenes that were important in
the book have been either cut down or com-
pletely deleted. This does not detract too much
from the film, but its swift transitions from
scene to scene often do. The music is far too
obvious at times, taking one's attention from
acting that it is a joy to concentrate on. In-
tellectually, it's a success.
AGAIN there has been "fraud" in an all-
campus student election.
One ballot box was discovered to be missing
Tuesday night. When turned in Wednesday
night, it was found that the box had 20
"stuffed" ballots, which were subsequently
It has also been reported to the election
committee that there was illegal campaigning
at the polls. Allegedly some persons in charge
of the polls instructed voters on which can-
didates they should vote for.
As a record breaking total of 4,843 students
voted in this election, it is obvious that there
was a large measure of student interest in it.
It is a sad note that the election was
marred by fraud.
THE two ex-Army lieutenants who were selling
apples outside of the stadium at last week's
football game are not the only broke GI's on
campus. The failure of the Veterans Administra-
tion to get subsistence checks out on time has
thrown many vets deeply into debt, and most
will be using the funds when they do come to
pay these debts, the remainder which will be
very small indeed, to provide for the bare neces-
sities of life.
The problem is not a new one. It has been
hanging over us like a cloud from the very day
the first veteran attended classes here under
Public Law No. 16 and the so-called G.I. Bill
of Rights. One begins to wonder if there isn't
something radically wrong if no remedy for the
situation has been forthcoming after all this
But one doesn't have to wonder very long,
taking the case of a certain veteran on campus.,
He wrote a letter to the Veterans Administration
requesting his check, explaining that he would
have to drop out of school if he couldn't get the
money. A few days later, he received a reply
which stated that he had been duly awarded
the funds, followed by another letter, postdating
the first which said that his case would be
brought before the board for consideration.
Indeed, such a case would indicate that the
right hand doesn't seem to know what the left
hand is doing, and this case was typical of many
The end result of the continuation of such
practices by the ,Administration will be to make
educational privileges for -most vets an empty
honor. Indeed, this seems rather an unfair
means to decrease already overcrowded univer-
sity rosters of enrollment.
It seems ironic that with inflation soaring high
everywhere in the economy that veterans should
be put hard to it with additional handicaps. The
answer is not so much to increase subsistence
allowances to meet inflated conditions (although
it would be desirable), but to get the cash on
hand when and where it is needed.
This implies'that the Veterans Administration
must look beyond the immediate present and
take necessary measures now to meet contingen-
cies of the future. The excuse that the Adminis-
tration failed to foresee the greatly expanded
enrollments this year is at best a weak explana-
By EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER
LAKE SUCCESS-Last Sunday's
French elections are considered
here a victory for the Soviet Union
and a defeat for the western demo-
The socialists and MRP voters
(friends of the western democracies):'
lost one and a quarter million votes.
The communists and ex-Vichy fas-
cists (who both strengthen Moscow)
gained three quarters of a million.
The remainder went to comparatively
harmless parties without any immed-
iate future, like the Leftist Rally (ex-
This is a development that Ameri-
cans cannot afford to sneeze or sneer
Moscow wants a clear division of
Europe into, extreme Right and ex-
treme Left (just as Hitler and
Marshal Petain did). Moscow
wants Europeans to believe that
they must choose between com-
-and fascism. If this happens,
evolutionist, civil-liberty countries
like the United States and Bri-
tain, whether capitalists or social-
ist, will lose out.
Yet this was the French trend.
Here at the United Nations, stu-
dents of France give several reasons
for this development.
Glib Americans for whom French
"decadence" is part of a political
catechism, talk in terms of Rus-
sian "propaganda" ,and General de
IN MY judgment, real responsibil-
ity for growing political extrem-
ism in France lies deeper. I think it
can be traced in large part to sever-
al American blunders.
The first was our continued rec-
ognition of Vichy France, our in-
curable tenderness for Vichy-ite
traitors like Darlan and Lemaigre-
Dubreuil (Bob Murphy's favorites)
and our failure to support General
Another mistake-which irritates
the French particularly-is the Ang-
lo-American attitude that anything
strong enough to oust Franco would
result in putting the communists in
power in Spain.
The worst and final mistake was
our tenderness toward the beaten
but unrepentent Germans.
Depriving France of coal for the
benefit of German industries seems
to Frenchmen, lunacy or a crime.
The lesson of the French election
If we insist on quickly rehabilitated
and reconciled Germany, prefer
Spanish fascists to risking commun-
ism in Spain, we ma yget an unrec-
onciled and pro-Russian France,
neutralized by communists.
Which do we preier?
(Copyright 1946, Press Alliance, Inc.)
"My, Gerald-did you ever hear such shocking language?"
ON WORLD AFFAIRS:
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
I have always distrusted the formal
approach to government, the dusty
legalism and the slightly warped
slide rule. It seems to me that these
instruments have been brought into
play in the current argument that
Mr. Truman should turn his office
over to a Republican, by first playing
a game of musical chairs in his cabi-
net, and then resigning.
Mr. Truman is not going to do it,
so the question is moot; but there is
one question that is not moot, and
that is the question of the state of
mind of some of those who are offer-
ing this proposal. What is with them?
If they believe that our government
cannot operate well unless the same
party controls the Presidency and
Congress, they should have asked
Mr. Roosevelt to resign seven years
ago, for ever since 1939 Congress has
been controlled by a bipartisan con-
servative bloc which has been apo-
plectically opposed to the White
House. The fact that Fulbright, Ickes,
etc., make the suggestion only now,
when the Republicans have won, in-
dicates that they are excessively im-
pressed by the names of things,
rather than by the reality of things-
And what of 1940 and 1944, in
both of which years the voters se-
lected Mr. Roosevelt, and also put in
Congresses which hated him? Who
won the mandate then? Both did,
and the reason probably is that our
big cities are under-represented in
Congress, while our rural sections
are, on a population basis, overrep-
resented. The ability of the big cities
(in popular, state-widevoting) to
say who shall be President thus be-
comes a valuable corrective against
an unbalanced representational sit-
uation, displeasing as the result may
be to those who want everything to
come out even.
IF WE FACE a constitutional prob-
lem, then, it is one which we have
faced for seven or eight years. How
shall we solve it? I don't even know
if we ought to solve it.
During the war years many of us
were glad we had a popularly-elected
President-of-all-the-people to fight
it out, on close issues, with a Con-
gress put in on the basis of an
ancient and probably outworn dis-
tricting. Granted that a number of
city districts went newly Republican
this time, the fact still remains (and
can be proved from the record) that
the people have been electing their
Presidents of recent years in a quite
different spirit from that in which
they elect their Congresses; and the
deep popular attachment to the
President, rather than the Congress,
as the true and favorite representa-
tive of the mass of the people, is
one of the most startling political
phenomena of recent years.
Maybe all this has changed, but
the Republicans ought to have to
prove it, in an election.
The argument that we should
leave the Republicans free to make
any mistakes they want to for two
years, so that we can judge them,
later is a fine, expensive way to a
(Copyright, 1946 N.Y. Post Syndicate)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in The Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Assistant to the
President, Room 1021 Angell Hall, by 3:00
p.m. on the day preceding publication
(11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1946
VOL. LVII, No. 46
Members of the University Senrate:
The first regular meeting of the Uni-
versity Senate for the academic year
1946-1947 will be held in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre at 4:10 p.m.,
Mon., Nov. 25.
All Navy V-5 students will report
to NROTC, North Hall at earliest op-
portunity regarding information nec-
essary for payment of tuition, fees,
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for DROPPING
COURSES WITHOUT RECORD will
be Sat., Nov. 16. A course may be
dropped only with the permission of
the classifier after conference with
Students, College of' Engineering:
The final day for REMOVAL OF IN-
COMPLETES will be Sat., Nov. 16.
Petitions for extension of time must
be on file in the Secretary's Office on
or before Fri., Nov. 15.
dropped after Nov. 16
corded with a grade of
will be re-
U. S. Civil Service Announcements
have been received for:
Forest Ecologist. Range Ecologist.
Forest Pathologist: (a) Silviculturist,
(b) Forest Soils Technologist, (c)
Forest Products Technologist, (d)
Forester (Forest Management). Sal-
aries: $3,397 to $7,102, closing date
Dec. 10. Junior Professional Assist-
ant, Optional Fields: (a) Archives,
(b) Mathematics, (c) Chemistry, (d)
Metallurgy, (e) Economics, (f)
Physics, (g) Geography, (h) Statis-
tics, (i) Textile Technology. Salary:
$2,644, closing date Dec. 3. Examiner
Trainee, Salary, $2,644, closing date
Dec. 3. Field Examiner, Salary, $3,397
to $5,905, closing date Dec. 3. For
further information, call at the Bu-
reau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Willow Run Village:
West Court 'Community Building
Fri., Nov. 15, 8:00 p.m., Classical
Recordings, Room 2 -
West Lodge Activities:
Fri., Nov. 15, 8:30 p.m., U. of M.
Student Dance with Jerry Edwards'
University Lecture: William H.
Chamberlin, author and foreign
correspondent of The New Leader,
will speak on the subject, "British
Foreign Policy under the Labor Gov-
ernment," at 4:15 p.m., Mon., Nov.
18, in the Rackham Amphitheatre;
auspices of the Department of His-
tory. The public is cordially invited.
Phi Delta Epsilon Lecture. Dr. Roy
D. McClure, Chief Surgeon, Henry
Ford Hospital. Detroit, will speak on
examination will be held in Rm. 1121
Natural Science Bldg., at 9 o'clock
A. L. Davis
Economics 121 will meet today at
10 o'clock in Alumni Memorial Hall.
Discussion sections will not meet this
(Continued on Page 6)
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Yes. Barnaby insists that his
imaginary fairy godfather can
get me a new car- A Stanley
Ccsr.. n .. rr i , AMnrnn
I explained they're not made any
more- Maybe I should have said
that they don't exist- Just as
tha litfle nixie cesn't exist.
I'll try making THAT
point another time..
Meanwhile 1'd settle
How human of him.'. . To cloud the
issue by casting aspersions on an
innocent party- Still, it'; not
your Fairy Godfather's habit to