THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, NOW!M1A 1, $~4f
wa mo w
New Deal Experiment
DOES IT really make much difference?
With election returns sufficiently complete
so that Republican majorities are assured in
both the House and Senate, we can turn from
the frenetic pre-election confusions to a calm.
analysis of the possible effects of the newly
established legislative balance.
The primary immediate result of the election
Will be the control of the Republican party in
structuring the new Congress. However, new
nominal control does not mean that the legis-
lative bodies will function differently. The
Congress has, since the alliance of Southern
Democrats and Reactionary Republicans, actu-
ally been under negativistic Republican control.
Except in cases where public opinion has vehe-
mently demanded otherwise, the alliance has
been able to obstruct progressive legislation. But
for the next two years the Republican party
will be held more clearly responsible for obstruc-
tionist tactics. Or it should be, unless the Amer-
ican public has completely lost its rationale.
Upon hearing of the Republican national land-
slide, many supporters of depression through
lack of planning, including "just around the
corner" Herbert Hoover, commented that now
we can return to "normalcy" and freedom. If
"normalcy" is their term for depression, will this
"normalcy" really be attributable to the Repub-
THE proposals by Senator Fulbright and the
Chicago Sun that President Truman ::esign
and turn the government over to the Republicans
have landed in the public lap with a quiet thud.
It looks as if they are going to get the silent
Republicans are giggling noisily among them-
selves but nobody has indicated much desire to
pick up the challenge so far.
The New York Herald Tribune in its lead ar-
ticle yesterday said that "most observers found
two flaws in the suggestions:
1. No American President has ever resigned
and that President Truman can hope for a
comeback in 1948.
2. Republican leaders in an out of Congress
would probably find it difficult to say the least,
te agree upon any one man to step in Mr. Tru-
Both these "flaws" are so much hogwash.
Flaw number one is barely worth discussing.
The sudden concern for President Truman's wel-
fare in 1948 doesn't even draw a chuckle. That
no American President has ever resigned is even
weaker. It almost sounds as if the Republicans
are suffering from a mild case of stagefright.
More important, almost sinister is the observa-
tion that Republicans would "find it difficult" to
agree upon any one man to step into Mr. Tru-
lican party? In my estimation, the answer is
an unqualified "No." I have not yet been con-
verted to the belief that another depression is
unavoidable, but, if it is, it will be the result
of unplanned production and lack of mainte-
nance of consumption outlays - a cause which,
is inherent to the present American system (or
lack of system). Only a new New Deal could
interfere with the trend of economic forces, and
the present Democratic party is as uncapable as
the Republican to institute one.
Do these interpretations mean that we will
be better off with a Republican Congress than an
uncontrolling Democratic majority? Far from it.
Inevitability never justifies a catastrophe.
The Republican party and it is still the
s a m e we-hasten-to-say-but-refuse-to-a c t
Hoover gang-has been tried and proven in-
capable to secure social justice and lasting
We have never completed the New Deal expe-
riment. We gave it a brief trial under most
unfavorable circumstances. The election out-
come should provide impetus to the completion
of the experiment. As the chairman of the Po-
litical Action Committee said Wednesday "We
(the liberals) have only begun -o fight."
Difficult indeed. For 14 years Republicans have
cried that there is no indispensable man and
suddenly they have found one. It turns out to
be Mr. 'Truman.
There have been no Constitutional obstacles
uncovered as yet to prevent Mr. Truman from
resigning. There are no precedents; if anything,
such a resignation mignt establish a prece-
dent to bring about an increase in parliamen-
But judging from the latest press reports Mr.
Truman hasn't got a ghost of a chance. The
wheels within the wheels of his own party won't
let him. Most of the objections have come from
Southern Democrats whose. quantity in Congress
remains constant but whose influence varies.
An Associated Press report remarked yester-
"The President is known to hold the view that
he should not change the American constitu-
tional system by such a move."
Just what all this prattle means, nobody
has bothered to explain. But President Truman
is in a position where, by one courageous stroke,
he can do the nation a great service.
He can put the blame or credit for what hap-
pens in this country during the next two years
where it belongs: on the shoulders of the Re-
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
BY SAMUEL GRAFTON
THERE is a note of glee in certain conservative
discussions of the coming recession which is
newsworthy, both as a trend and a mood. There
seem to be some people who can hardly wait for
hard times to come knocking at the door. A
comic column in the New York Sun offers a bit
of verse by someone who says he will "laugh
and rave and holler" when the time comes that
"guys will do most anything to earn an honest
dollar." It seems an odd cause for laughter.
Maybe the man doesn't like labor very much.
Even so, the picture of someone doubling up
with merriment near a soup-kitchen line, rolling
and gasping with mirth, and telling the unem-
ployed to stop, they're killing him, still seems
curious. It is the kind of laugh most likely to
freeze on the laughter's face when hard times
really get going.
Yet that note of glee persists; it crops up
again in a column by Mr. Frank Conniff in Mr.
Hearst's New York Journal-American, and Mr.
Conniff (crooning it out like a sweet song)
tells how, when the recession comes, the "ordi-
nary citizen" is going to get even at last with
cab drivers, salesgirls, telephone operators,
waiters, butchers, etc. He'll show 'em! But it's
a hard way to get even, friend. It's a little
too much like blowing up your house in order
to scare your neighbor with a loud noise.
Well, maybe these are jokes; but the feeling
is there, the emotion is there, and it shows up
on a higher level, too. One begins to see it
argued, in solemn discussions of labor relations
in the business press, that labor must not ask
for any more wage increases because the reces-
sion is coming. The card is played with a cer-
tain quiet satisfaction, as if it were the trump
ace. It's a clincher, all right, but one has a
funny feeling that there ought to be more agi-
tation about it, and less satisfaction, because
this isn't really a very good card.
NOBODY seems very anxious to stop the com-
ing recession. Perhaps bitterness in current
labor-management relations is one reason fon
the strange, but unmistakable joy with which
the approaching shakedown is being greeted
by some who ought to know better.
I have, in a previous essay in this space, quoted
from an editorial in one important financial
daily which actually seemed to hail the coming
economic disturbance with satisfaction, because
of the help it would offer in cutting "prices and
costs," meaning, among other things, wages. It
is as if one tenant, engaged in a squabble with
another for possession of the better apartment,
were to end the argument gleefully with the cry:
"Fooled you! The place is on fire!"
Actually, the coming recession would seem
to offer the best of opportunities for manage-
ment and labor to get together on a common
program for avoiding it, or averting it. But a
great program is being drawn up; instead, for
amending our basic labor laws at the next
session of Congress; elaborate plans are being
discussed by commentators who are, to put it
gently, not friendly to labor; and in this kind
of squabble, the approaching recession be-
comes an article not to be dodged, but to be
Can't we stop it, instead? It won't be good,
really. But the ameliorative word breaks against
the private smile; and one has the feeling that
one is intruding into a room, in which passions
have risen too distortingly high. to be easily
mollified. It is a room in which nightmares
have become jokes, and in which the jokes are
(Copyright 1946, by the N.Y. Post Syndicate)
"They'll never get there."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
cLelteri to th e (it or
New Union Board
To the Editor:
AFTER reading Tom Caley's letter in Satur-
urday's Daily I find that I agree wholeheart-
edly with Mr. Caley except for one point which
he missed. It is a question of where the blame
lies in the situation at the Michigan Union. Tom
suggests that Mr. Kuenzel is primarily respon-
sible and to this theory I must take exception.
un erdcr to prove my point let us look into the
or ion of "our" Union. In the first place it
i X -C by the Board of Regents, an arrange-
d o to avoid taxes, and is governed by a
-uei,[ary Board of Directors, chosen in a most
ccnfusing manner. Some of the members are ap-
ointZd by the Board of Regents, others are
X-cted by the Alumni Association, several more
ex officio members, and finally there are
s^me seven or eight student members, six of
are elected by the student body (that
lx; which votes), and two of whom are ap-
pointed by a committee representing the mem-
b cr previously accounted for. It is this con-
mc.rerate group which hires Mr. Kuenzel, pays
him, and tells him what to do as well as how to
do it. On the basis of a $5 levy made on' every
,,tudent the Union receives a subsidy of approxi-
mately $130,000 per year. Revenues are received
from the following units : Main Desk, Main
Diningroom, Cafeteria, Faculty Club, Barber
Shop, Pool room, Bowling alley, and from the
rental of rooms. All prices are similar to or
higher than private concerns doing business in
Ann Arbor. A loss is annually shown in these
additional units: Swimming Pool, Pendleton Li-
brary, Meeting; rooms, Lounges, and possibly the
Ballroom. Mr. Kuenzel will be the first to admit
that the service is not up to par, but lack of help
as well as some poor help is to blame for this
condition. As to policy in pricing and such we
must look to this obscure Board of Directors.
Eight members of this board are students, it is
to these men that we must look for the first move
toward correction of the ills of the Union, for it
is naive for us to expect the other members to
do any thing which might be for the benefit of
the students. The mere idea is too revolution-
ary to suggest.
If the students wish changes in the Union
policy they must then bring pressure to bear
on the individual members of the Board. In
the recent elections we provided ourselves with
an almost new student section of this Board,
these members are: Tom Walsh, Ralph Ken-
yon, Charles Kerner, Ross Hume, Dick Ford,
Dick Roeder, Henry Horldt and possibly Sey-
mour Chase in an ex-officio capacity.
Few men will deny that something is "fishy"
in the Union setup and many can tell you what
Fight for Independence
To the Editor:
"THE British gather twelve hundred Jews in
Palestine preparing them for transfer
to detention camps on Cyprus amid screams and
even attempts at physical violence."
That is the report of the news dispatcher. He
gives no mention as to the identify of these peo-
ple. To him they are but a number of souls
which are being transported to a new "home."
Were he to look a little closer he would find that
these are the same people who for some thirteen
years have wandered over all of continental Eu-
rope with but one objective: Discovery of one
place on the face of the globe where they would
be welcomed with open arms. In Palestine they
found such a place.
In sixteen-twenty another group of people
were in similar circumstances, though not nearly
so destitute. These people had also been har-
assed by the English. But with determination
they were able to overcome the wishes of the
British Colonial Office, though it took two cen-
turies and the unification of all forces to estab-
lish their autonomy.
Today we see a situation not unlike that of
sixteen-twenty. The unification which effected
release then is now beginning to show itself. The
ultimate result can only be the establishment of
a Jewish State as the United States of America
was established then.
* * *
Honor Hour System
To the Editor:
THE MAIN reason for-the reason at the bot-
tom of-the.rejection of later hours for coeds,
seems to be none other than the unwillingness of
housemothers to stay up an extra hour in the
evening. With the honor testing system so well
established in the engineering school, it seems
to me, that an honor hour system in the girl's
residences should prove equally effective.
Let the housemothers go to bed, and let the
girls be bound to come in on time by a pledge.
Enforcement of such a pledge could be made ef-
fective through spot checks (and responsibility
of the house president, if so desired) coupled
with proper action in case of "cheating"-that
is, breach of pledge.
(Continued from Page 3)
is "Carcinoma of the Rectosigmoid
with Special Reference to Resection
with Preservation of the Sphinc-
ters." Medical students, faculty, and
anyone interested may attend.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet at 3:00 p.m. today in
Room 319 W. Medical Bldg. The
subject will be "The Transmission of
the Nervous Impulse-Acetylcholine
Seminar in Engineering Mechan-
ics: Prof. E. L. Eriksen will discuss
the applications of Stodola's method
in obtaining critical buckling val-
ues and natural frequencies of vi-
bration today at 7:30 p.m. in Room
402, W. Engineering Bldg.
Chemical and Mechanical Febru-
ary 1947 graduates; Chemists: Dr. F.
B. Zienty of the St. Louis Research
Department -of Monsanto Chemical
Company will interview Chemical
Engineering February graduates in
the Chemical Engineering Depart-
ment Monday morning, Nov. 11. He
will interview February Mechanicals
in Room 218 W. Eng. Bldg., Monday
Chemists of entire 1947 will be in-
terviewed in the Chemistry Dept.
by Dr. Kyrides Tuesday, Nov. 12.
Please sign for interviews in the
Algebra Seminar: Today at 4:15
p.m., 3201 AH. Miss Burroughs will
talk on Factorization.
The preliminary examinations for
the doctorate in English will be giv-
en according to the following sched-
ule: Nov. 27, American Literature;
Nov. 30, English Literature 1700-
1900; Dec. 4, English Literature 1500
-1700; Dec. 7, English Literature, Be-
ginnings to 1500. Anyone intending
to take the examinations at this
time should notify Professor Marck-
wardt at once.
The Cleveland Orchestra, George
Szell, Conductor, will give the third
concert in the Choral Union Series,
Sunday., Nov. 10, at 7 o'clock. The
audience is respectfully requested to
come sufficiently early to be seated
on time, since the doors will be
closed during numbers. The program
will consist of compositions by Sme-
tana, Britten, Strauss and Schubert.
Wind Instrument Recital at 1:00
p.m. today in Harris Hall.
Quartet No. 1 in G major by Haydn,
transcribed by Stubbins; Scherzo
from Quartet in A minor by Schu-
mann, transcribed by Howland, pre-
ented by Harold Sefton, Edwin
Kruth, Fred Eggert and Robert Sohn;
Introduction and Fantasy by Fitz-
gerald, presented by Margaret Boss-
cawen, cornet; Divertimento No. 9,
K. 240 by Mozart, played by Ham-
barson Bogosian,Leo Sacarny, Dan-
el Kyser, Louis MEderfer and
Freeman Russell; Introduction and
Rondo, Op. 72 by Ch. Marie Widor,
played by John Harris; Morning
Prayer, and Valso Scherzo, by C. So-
dero, and Trois Pieces Breves by
Ibert, presented by Louise Steele,
riet Falls, Joan Harris, Rose Ram-
sey and Carla Hemsing. Pianists:
Patricia Baumgarten and Shirley
Bower. The public is invited.
String Orchestra Program under
the direction of Gilbert Ross, will be
heard at 8:30 Tuesday evening, Nov.
12, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
William Klenz, cellist,of the School
of Music faculty, will appear as so-
loist in a program of L7th and 18th
century compositions by Handel, Pe-
ter, Boccherini, Frescobaldi and Ros-
etti. The public is invited.
Student Recital: Carroll Meyer,
pianist, will preesnt a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Music
at 4:15 Sunday afternoon, Nov. 10,
in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Mr.
Meyer's program will include com-
positions by Bach, Mozart, Liszt and
Chopin. During his study at the
University, he was a pupil of Joseph
Brinkman. The program is open to
the public without charge.
The Geological Journal Club will
meet in Room 3055 Natural Science
Bldg., at 12 noon today. Prof. T. S.
Lovering, who was on leave of ab-
sence to do special work for the
United States Geological Survey in
Utah during the war, will talk on
"New Methods of Exploration in the
Tintic District, Utah." Tea will be
served; please bring your own sand-
Indian Institute of Chemical En-
gineers: Meeting of the Chapter will
be held at 8:00 p.m. today in-
stead of 7:00 p.m. because of A.I.Ch.
E. Plant trip. The meeting will be
held in Room 3201 East Engineer-
Die Deutsche Kaffe Stunde will
meet today at the League Coke Bar
from 2:00 to 4:30 p.m. Dr. Binger
and Dr. Striedieck will lead the group
from 2:00 to 3:00, D. 'Thomas and
Prof. Raschen from 3:00 to 4:00, and
Dr. Braun from 3:30 to 4:30. All
other German faculty members, as
well as students, are, invited.
English Language Institute: Reg-
ular weekly program will be held in
the Assembly Hall, third floor of
Rackham Bldg., at 8:00 o'clock to-
Student Religious Association Cof-
fee Hour will be held from 4:30 to
6:30 this afternoon in the Lane Hall
Library. The guests will be the Board
of Directors of the Michigan Union.
The I.C.C. presents- an educational
meeting at Robert Owen Co-opera-
tive, 1017 Oakland, at 8:15 tonight.
The speaker will be Frank Marquart,
educational director Briggs Local
UAW-CIO. His topic will be "Unions
-Their Strength and Limitations."
All interested are invited to attend.
Refreshments will be served.
Nu Chapter of Kappa Phi will meet
today at 5:15 in the Wesleyan Guild
Lounge. Program by Mary Sue West-
brook on "Finding Faith Through
Literature." Pledges meet at 5:00
in the Green Room.
The Methodist Wesleyan Guild will
sponsor a "Sadie Hawkins" race and
party tonight at 8:30 in the Wesley
The RogerWilliams Guild will have
a hayride tonight. Transportation
will be furnished from the Guild
House, 502 E. Huron, at 8:15 p.m.,
ON WORLD AFFAIRS:
By EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER
FPUSHING - My announcement
last week of an unmistakable and
welcome change in Soviet foreign
policy provoked some dissent, espec-
ially in the N.Y. Times and the N.Y.
Post.dNonetheless, it is being con-
firmed every day. Particularly note-
worthy was a dispatch from Fred-
erick Kuh, able London correspon-
dent of the Chicago Sun and friendly
to Russia. Mr. Kuh stated that the
Russians were going to be good boys-
provided of course that their gener-
osity aroused the requisite under-
standing in us.
As a matter of fact, the Soviets
have no other feasible line unless
they intend to revert to even great-
er isolationism and try to pull
themselves out of disaster by 'their
The reason is that thanks to Sec-
retary of State Byrnes' vigorous for-
eign policy, ably aided by the British
government (but with no support
from Anthony Eden, the appease-
ment wing of the British Liberals
and the pinkos in the British Labor
Party), Soviet expansion has been
stopped. As between the democracies
on the one side and the Soviets on
the other, a state of equilibrium' is
emerging. There are still one or two
places where the Soviets will have
to relent-the Dardanelles and China
where the communists will have to
give up their private army and serve
under Chiang Kai-Shek or fight it
But once these sores are elimin-
ated, a sort of equilibrium will be
There it may become possible to
negotiate a world settlement. It
is not sure that the Soviets will
accept such a settlement. They
may prefer to go on shoving. In
which case they will arouse a world
coalition against their expansion
of the same sort as ultimately
Before we reached equilibrium,
Secretary Byrnes could not have ne-
gotiated any sort of world settlement
satisfactory to us if he had tried. He
was right in not trying. For with
the Soviets still on the offensive
everywhere, Mr. Byrnes could only
have reached a settlement at the
price of making new and quite in-
Today, with equilibrium in sight,
the Soviets may prefer negotiation.
They are desperately in need of ec-
cnomic aid-reparations, loans, etc.
They are anxious not to lose any
more symphathy outside 'Russia.
Therefore the chances for a gen-
eral settlement-if not too bright-
Both sides will need things from
T HE .DEMOCRACIES want, from
Russia, something like this:
a) real cooperation in the common
control of all Germany;
b) partial withdrawal and demob-
ilization of the Red Army;
c) no farther expansion of com-
munism except as the free choice
of the peoples involved;
d) some measure of civil liberties
in Russia's satellite countries - as
promised by Russia;
e) a free Austria;
f) adherence to an effective atomic
energy control plan;
Soviet desires might be listed as
a) credits for themselves and their
b) maximum reparations from ex-
enemy countries, chiefly Germany;
c) a share in the control of the
all-important o Ruhr Valley, Ger-
d) political recognition of Russia's
exclusive "sphere"- economic and
e) no western European bloc;
f) an independent China;
g) some voice in Korea and Japan;
h) greater cooperation and less
voting within the United Nations;-
(Copyright 1946, Press Alliance, Inc.)
At the State,...
Madonna of the Seven Moons (Gainsbour-
ough, Phyllis Calvert, Stewart Granger, Pa-
I AM A SUCKER for British accents, British
actors, and British movies. If you are an
Anglophobe read no further. I liked the show. I
would recommend it-except in the case of a
few perfectionists who may be rather bothered
by so many broad A's in a plot placed in Italy.-
One fellow in particular, a wealthy wine mer-
chant named Giuseppe, kept behaving in the
best English town house manner.
The music intrudes every once in awhile, too,
but I doubt if there are any souls in Ann Arbor
sensitive enough to be bothered by that. One
thing more: the plot occasionally hits spots
where everything goes blurry in one's mind's
eye. For the sake of the females, this Stewart
Granger is the boy who played Apollodorus in
Caesar and Cleopatra. It's still a good picture.
* * *
At the Michigan.. .
Holdover of The Big Sleep starring Bogart
and Mrs. Bogart.
Edited and managed by students of the
University of Michigan under the author.
ity of the Board in Control of Student
Robert Goldman........Managing Editor
Milton Freudenhein.....Editorial Director
Clayton Dickey..............City Editor
Mary Brush.............Associate Editor
Ann Kutz...............Associate Editor
Paul Harsha...............Associate Editor
Clark Baker..................Sports Editor
Des Howarth......Associate Sports Editor
Jack Martin......Associate Sports Editor
Joan Wilk...............Women's Editor
Lynne Ford......Associate Women's Editor
Robert E. Potter......Business Manager
Evelyn Mills...Associate Business Manager
Janet Cork.... Associate Business Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively en-
titled to the use for re-publication of all
news dispatches credited to it or otherwise
credited in this newspaper. AlU rights of
re-publication of all other matters herein
are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor,
Michigan, as second-class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school
year by carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
C.py~I~. ~ Th. ~...p.p.. PM. I,,
i i 1 t
The original investment varies. But a thin
dime, the tenth part of a dollar, usually
suffices. As for your father. . . Isn't it
cheaper for him to take a chance on a new
Oh. Certain people frown on the purchase of
a raffle ticket. They tote up the odds. And
get discouraged. But this is folly. When an
opportunity to get something for nothing
A y u,. epstIns?
Yes, Mr. O'Malley.