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November 07, 1946 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-11-07

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Three Views on the GOP Victory


America's Traditional
Lack of Restraint
NORMALCY is back. After a month of trump-
eting predictions, the Republican party has
virtually swept the country. The American oeo-
ple has voted itself an extra-large helping of ice
cream all around; and many bright-eyed liber-
als will feel betrayed.
But with the "facts" before us, it is hard to
imagine alternatives. Never in its history have
the people of this nation exercised restraint
worth noticing. Restraint is the handmaiden of
necessity, and we have known no appreciable
nation-wide necessity. Our problems have al-
ways been capable of solution by the sacrifices
of a tiny per cent, or by the tiny sacrifices of
We are a young, wealthy nation. Faced with
white vs. grey contrasts in issues, where it
was easy to set up "nothing-to-lose" situations,
we have taken the chances and acknowledged
the losses with a gambler's grim indefatigabil-
If there was waste or corruption incidental to
the period of expansion following the Civil War,
we could afford to joke about it. Any feeling of
tension that had accompanied that war passed
easily; there was plenty to compete for, plenty
to relax with.
After the War of 1914 we again relaxed, on a
scale rightly termed debauchery. What farmer
exercised restraint in 1920? Which economist
could see anything but prosperity just around
the corner?
So here we are. What farmer in 1946 is will-
ing to recall the 1921 which followed the last
post-war boom, or the lean two decades? Eco-
nomists, reminded of the Great Depression
which followed their Hardingesque expansion,
have adopted coy self-deceit: A price-control
system is so constructed that it will fall of its
own weight. And we may all breathe deeply and
relax at the collapse.
IT'S A GREAT deal to ask of a nation-that it
behave itself during the unreal release from
anxiety that accompanies the end of a war. The
situation is .one of plenty for all. The associa-
tions from the past call forth the accustomed re-
sponse: most people :grab for a share; a few
wallow in the abundance. Continuance of war-
time restraints (most of them artificially im-
posed from above via taxes, laws, high-pressure
advertising) seemed, at the mildest, unreason-
Furthermore, a period of post-war let up is a
type of crisis, just as is a war or a depression.
Like' wars and depressions, such periods call
for decisive leadership. Leaders are needed who
effectively dramatize issues, giving to the major-
ity an inkling of the consequeces of a vote for
a given candidate or against a given proposal.
It was no accident, for example, that President
Roosevelt so often pointed to "emergency" situ-
But our nominal leaders in this post-war crisis
have been admittedly ineffectual. If there's in-
digestion lurking in that dish of ice cream we
voted ourselves, nobody told us when we were
And there were the Republicans, ready as
in the twenties to stand up for optimism and
for a feeling of relaxed well-being all around.
Pointing to the weakness of the incumbent
wartime administration, insisting on the un-
reasonableness of continuing wartime re-
straints, they offered just what we "had in
The Republicans exemplify the belief that if
only everything is left to itself (given a rea-
sonably honest administration) all will be well.
Most Democrats feel the same way; the position
of maintaining restraints has not rested easily
on the shoulders of most of them since V-J Day.
In fact almost all of us would like to share
this "everything's-going-to-be-just-dandy" atti-
tude, if we can. And as long as there's a country'
left to gamble on it, why should we stop our-
-Milt Freudenheim

At The Lydia Mendelssohn
The College Girl; Ellen Schwanecke, Rolf
THOUGH it may be my nasty, suspicious mind,
the story of this has a rather familiar ring.
However since it is adequately a propos to the
academic situation today (yesterday and tomor-
row, too) any triteness in the plot can be for-
given. It is the old story of the school girl with a
crush on her professor. Since this happens
everyday at Michigan, the picture should be of
interest to both coeds and faculty. The school
girl in question here is played by Miss Schwa-
necke or so I gather from the advertising post-
ers. She has a rather cow-like expression and
spends most of her time looking stricken. The
professor is Mr. Wanka. One look at him and the
general public will wonder why more of his pupils
did not fall madly in love with him. Miss
Schwanecke's passion takes the form of being
struck dumb every time the man calls on her
to recite. Although the girl becomes practically
anti-social through constant contact with her
hnnkrAndon aneit ermirahly for an old fanm-

Liberalized GOP
Possible Hope in '48
THE results of Tuesday's election came as a
great surprise to no one.
Much as most liberals will hate to admit it,
two things appear'certain:
1.) The Democratic Party is now entering a
period of comparative twilight.
2.) The Republican Party will elect the new
President in 1948.
As The New York Times will no doubt be
quick to point out, this is an example of our tra-
ditional American political machinery at work.
At various times in the Nation's history
this change has brought on reform. Today the
thought of reform is ironical. Seldom in fact
has a party come into power offering so nega-
tive a platform. But with the present weak-
ness and decentralization of the Democratic
Party, winning this election was as easy for
the Republicans as falling off a log.
Since the Civil War, the Democratic Party
has had a freakish element to it, namely the
Solid South. As time has progressed this freak-
ishness has become more exaggerated, so that
only in times of crisis or under the rare politi-
cal genius of a Franklin D. Roosevelt has it
been able to operate effectively as a unit.
Today it has fallen miserably into many small
segments, unable to formulate any effective pol-
icy. Indeed the only organized portion of it at
all, the Solid South, is closer in aims to the Re-
publican Nationl Committee than it is to its
New Dealer brethren.
WHAT then is the hope for the independent
liberal voter during this period of postwar
There have been attempts at a third party,
but right now any potential major third par-
ties seem pretty scarce and poorly nourished.
Perhaps the hope lies within the framework of
the Republican party. On the basis of the Re-
publican record for the last 30 years, it is prob-
ably sublime optimism to even suggest such an
idea. Republican National Committeemen would
undoubtedly consider it sacrilege. And yet a lib-
eralizing of the Republican Party by independ-
ents offers a solution which might recreate an
effective alignment of forces.
If the conjecture that the Republican Party is
certain to take the government in 1948 is cor-
rect, then this is the only solution.
-Harry Levine
Business Outlook
THE general outlook in business communities
in the midwest is one of restrained optimism.
The downward trend of commodity prices has
caused little hardship as yet, and is rather wide-
ly welcomed as softening the effects of the price
adjustments that are regarded as inevitable.
Shortages are much less of a handicap than
they were two or three months ago. There is
widespread belief that the Administration will
respond to growing pressure for lifting the rela-
tively. few remaining price and materials con-
trols. Possible repeal of excise taxes on lug-
gage, furs and jewelry is attracting lively inter-
est. Easing of credit controls on installment
sales is sought and expected.
Many businessmen frankly assume that the
slowing down of business that is beginning to
be apparent today will run on down into a re-
cession sometime in the first six months of 1947.
However, they appear to feel that such a reces-
sion will not be unduly severe or prolonged, and
they look for a period of good times to follow,
lasting perhaps several years.
-United States News

Back to Work with
Domestic Stability
IT LOOKS as though the United States is
about to roll up its collective sleeves and begin
working for a living again. The Republicans
have entered the National picture after a period
of unbalanced and often inept economic man-
agement. Led by some of the most enterprising
young men in America, they have won the sup-
port of all persons in this country who are tired
of the hand-out economy of the LATE New Deal
The time had come when the American people
showed their understanding of the simple facts
that dominate a thriving (instead of a sick)
economy. They learned these facts during the
depression which produced a lasting effect on
the American mind-effects which have been
deemed greater than those produced by the sec-
ond World War. Now that the unstable policies
imposed by the New Deal period can be viewed
objectively, these Americans are showing the
judgment that Jefferson believed in. They are
electing a Congress which will give them their
money's worth in sound government.
The Democratic party was in control of de-
termining policy in this country so long that
all life passed out of it. The party is a shell of
what it was in the "good old days" of Roosevelt
landslides-torn by internal dissension and lack
of leadership. Incentive inside the party was re-
moved by the "indispensable men" at its head,
much in the same way that the party discour-
aged Free Enterprise on the part of American
business. In so doing, it decayed, making way
for the young, vigorous movement that is sweep-
ing the Republicans to the head of the nation.
Men and women who believe in their right to
work and to make good in their work are push-
ing aside the ideals of the late regime-the era of
"I deserve a living and someone is going to give
it to me"-the era of government intervention
in business and labor serving short-run economic
ends is through. We must get on a solid footing
as a nation if we are to survive the upheaval in
political and economic thought prevalent in the
world. We have chosen a reinvigorated Repub-
lican party to accomplish what we need and
Ahead is a period of hard work and prosperity.
We can make it a period of LASTING prosperity
under progressive Republican leaders. The coun-
try-and the world-wants security. However,
security can be purchased only at a price which
some are not willing to pay-that of hard work
and the realization that we must employ a stead-
fast long-range economic and foreign policy.
We must be consolidated as a nation in order to
follow our way of life-and our way of life, as
chosen by the people in this election, is the tra-
ditional American way. This is the American
Way for which we have been critiiczed by Com-
munists, Fascists, and other miscellany. It is
the American Way which has made the United
States the most powerful country in the world.
This is Free Enterprise and individual liberty as
opposed to government socialism and disregard
of private opportunity which was typified by the
actions of the late Democratic rule.
, The America of 1948, after the Republican vic-
tory which is clearly indicated by the results of
the recent election, will be one of unlimited op-
portunity for the individual. It will be a period
of solidarity of purpose in foreign policy, and of
order at home. As I see it, domestic stability is
the necessary prerequisite to our solving the,
problems of other nations as leader in the United
Nations. Our own house should be in order first
-and the Republican victory is our first step
forward in this direction..
-Robert Potter

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"Don't you see, stupid? Two halves still add up to one world."

THIS is a most appropriate time for
all good people who carry a copy
of Jefferson around to take it out of
their coat pocket and begin some seri-
ous study. They can begin by asking
himself-"whither now?"
It is no secret that a Republican
caucus is scheduled for November
18th in Washington to map out legis-
lative strategy for the impending
wage struggle. It is no secret that
they plan to do whatever they can to
destroy the labour movement as well
as every progressive group allied with
labour. It is but a matter of time
before the Case bill and the Wagner
Act are taken out of the basket tp
undergo some real streamliping in
the interests of the NAM. It is but a
matter of time before every control
on free enterprise is destroyed. ,Ob-
viously, the NAM and the American
Action Committee did no~t spend their
efforts in order that more Public
Utility projects might be started.
The people who call themselves
liberalhave no time to 'wait and
see' what happens, thinking that
perhaps things won't be too bad
because we still have the presiden-
tial veto. Truman is not strong
enough to withstand the onslaught
U.S. Trusteeship
Sunday the State Department's
policy of seeking sole trusteeship of
the Japanese mandated islands.
Thus Sec. Byrnes, who engineered
the presidential statement, dealt a
blow to the armed forces' plan for
permanent possession of these is-
lands as defense bases.
Whether we retain the mandated
islands directly through ownership,
as the Army and Navy advocate, or
indirectly under .a trusteeship agree-
ment permitting us to do whatever
we want with them, would appear to
make little difference.
That difference, however, could
be the United Nations, Annexation
of the Japanese mandated islands
would not only break the continuity
of U. S. foreign policy from Wil-
son to Roosevelt, perhaps to Tru-
man. It would not only repudiate
the Atlantic Charter's pledge
against territorial aggrandizement.
The General Assembly will soon at-
tempt to set up trusteeship agree-
ments-agreements affecting areas of
much economic and strategic impor-
tance in the world today. England
has not yet submitted a trusteeship
proposal for Palestine. A great con-
troversy has been raging over the
possibilities for trusteeship of South-
west Africa. The United States would
be setting a very bad precedent in-
deed, were it to claim outright own-
ership of the Pacific bases.
On the other hand, by placing the
islands under trusteeship, the Unit-
ed States can pursue its present pol-
icy within the framework of the
United Nations, with the mere sacri-
fice of a little red-tape.
Moreover a better future for the
Pacific islands may be made possi-
ble, for the UN charter advocates a
progressive program for dependent
Permanent possession of the Jap-
anese mandated islands would be a
step backwards. Trusteeship agree-
ments would at the least be in step
with the UN.
-Joan Katz

cCettepr to 1i k

which will be brought to bear by
the new Congress,
The time has come for concerted
action by all progressive groups with-
in the country. Without a well-
planned program to channel public
opinion in the inevitable struggle for
wage increases, the progress which
labour has made since 1932 will be
seriously damaged. Without a well-
planned effort to raise public opin-
ion in favour of the greater Big-Three
unity in foreign policy, the cause of
peace will be pushed into the ground.
But more than this, the time heas
come to lay plans for a third people's
The Democratic Party has rapidly
lost its identity with the aspirations
of the broad masses of the people.
The struggle to overcome the reac-
tionary big-business elements, the
southern Bourbons, has proved futile.
It was only the strong personality of
President Roosevelt, coupled with his
threat to carry issues to the people,
which held these reactionary elements
in line.
The measure of the party's in-
adequacy is apparent from the
weeks of campaigning previous to
Tuesday's election. Except for the
most progressive groups, there was
no sincere effort made to distin-
guish between the Byrnes-Vanden-
berg foreign policy and that left
by Roosevelt. There was no real
effort made to identify the party
program with the aspirations of
the broad masses of the people.
The immediate cry to any sugges-
tions of a Third Party is, 'But it will
divide the progressive forces.' On
the contrary. It will solidify them
as they have never been solidified be-
fore except in the Roosevelt era.
The people of these United States,
today, are in the most crucial period
of their history. The spirit of the
broad masses who make up the brunt
of the population is close to bank-
ruptcy. It is as though there were
a mass of kinetic weariness and dis-
trust which was poising itself be-
fore an impending storm. They are
longing desperately for a lasting,
democratic peace; for real dis-arma-
ment, for a prosperity not based upon
a primed pump. They need a people's
party in which there is no compro-
mise with reaction.
Whoever of the liberals fears break-
ing with tradition has failed to search
deeply into the dilemma which is
America today. The renaissance
which is taking place in western Eu-
rope with the rise of new people's
parties, with the growth of a new
faith in the future, is lacking in
America. It is not the people's fault.
They have been confused, since the
end of the war, as never before, by a
press and radio, which, for the most
part, has sold out to the monopoly
groups. They have been led to be-
lieve that a warwith Russian is an
inevitability. Theif' trust in the
Democratic party as the people's
party, has long since been destroyed.
Action for a third party takes
courage. The argument that peo-
ple's parties in the past have failed
is meaningless. There are glar-
ing historical differences between
the day of Eugene Deb's and the
present. Today, the working man is
organized as he never was before;
each day his political and social
consciousness increases.
Unless the people who consider
themselves liberals understand that
the only defeat possible for the
monopoly interests in this country is
through an allied struggle of the
working class and the middle income
groups, they are doomed to failure.
The strength of the reactionaries
lies in their ability to split off the
workers from the middle class. They
use every method, from the vicious

Publication in The Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Assistant to the
President, Room 1021 Angell Hall, by 3:00
p.m. on the day preceding publication
(11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
VOL. LVII, No., 39
University Press Club of Michigan:
At the annual meeting of the organ-
ization, Nov. 7-9, the University will
be host to a large group of editors
and publishers. There is need for a
number of both single and double
rooms for' Thursday and Friday
nights, Nov. 7 and 8. If faculty mem-
bers have such rooms available, they
are asked to call Campus Extension
485 any afternoon between 2:00 and
4:00 o'clock.
F. E. Robbins
Choral Union members whose at-
tendance records are clear will please
call for their courtesy passes for the
Cleveland Orchestra concert Friday,
between the hours of 9:30 and 11:30,
and 1 and 4. The concert will take
place Sunday, at 7 o'clock sharp.
Charles A. Sink, President
All student identification pictures
re-taken after registration are now
ready and the cards should be picked
up this week in Room 2, University
Office of the Dean of Students
Willow Run Village
West Court Community Bldg.:
Thurs., Nov. 7, 2:00 p. m., Open
class in Prenatal and Infant Care,
Miss Roth will speak on the subject
"Care of the Infant from Birth to
one year"; 8:00 p. m., Extension
Class in Psychology; 8:00 p. in.,
Sewing Club; 8:00 p.m., Bridge Ses-
Fri., Nov. 8, 8:00 p. in., Classical
Sat., Nov. 0, 8:00 to 11:30 p.m.,
Dance, Refreshments, Bridge.
Louis P. Lochner, head of the As-
sociated Press in Berlin from 1926
until his internment in 1941, and
first American journalist to return
to Germany at the close of the War,
will be presented tonight at 8:30 in
Hill Auditorium as the third number
on the 1946-47 Lecture Course. As-
signed to cover the trial of the Nazi
war criminals, Mr. Lchner will pre-
sent first-hand information in his
lecture, "The Nuremberg Trial."
Tickets may be purchased today at
the Auditorium box office which is
open from 10-1, 2-8:30.
Academic Notices
History 11, Lecture Section 2. Mid-
semester: 3:00 p.m. today. Leslie's
and Drummond's sections in
1025 Angell Hall. McCulloch's and
Slosson's sections in 25 Angell Hall.
Hyma's, Heidman's, " Young's and
Johnston's sections in Natural Sci-
ence Auditorium.
Mathematics Seminar on Stochastic
Processes will meet at 3:00 p.m.,
today in Room 317 W. En-
gineering. Prof. A. H. Copeland will
present Kolmogoroff's foundations of
Physical Chemistry Seminar will
meet at 4:15 p.m. today in Room
151 Chemistry Bldg. Mr. Wilbur C.
Bigelow will speak on "Formation
of Oleophobic Films by Adsorption
from Oil Solutions." All interested
are invited.

Veterans' Tutorial Program: The
tutorial section of English 2, taught
(Continued on Page 5)
Fifty-Seventh Year
Edited and managed by students of the
University of Michigan under the author-
ity of the Board in Control of Student
Editorial Staff
Robert Goldman........Managing Editor
Milton Freudenheini...Editorial Director
Clayton Dickey..............City Editor
Mary Brush...............Associate Editor
Ann Kutz.................Associate Editor
Paul Harsha...............Associate Editor
Clark Baker ...............Sports Editor
Des Howarth .... Associate Sports Editor
Jack Martin......Associate Sports Editor
Joan Wilk.................Women's Editor
Lynne Ford......Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Robert E. Potter.......Business Manager
Evelyn Mills... .Associate Business Manager
Janet Cork.... Associate Business Manager
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The Associated Press is exclusively en-
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news dispatches credited to it or otherwise
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e a sn_ a 4"


To the Editor:
N CORRECTION of an error in the Oct. 25
issue, I am the representative of the African
Methodist Episcopal Church in the Village and
on the committee to represent the church to the
state legislature.
I wish to clarify the stand taken on the expe-
riment here at Willow Run Village. The appli-
cation of4 the housing directive under the pres-
ent manager has taken an upward trend. The
difficulty lies in the attitude and the proce-
dures employed by non-veterans of authority
of both civic and religious nature. Running sec-
ond comes . the attitude found in anyone
schooled under a one-sided school of thought.
Both groups believe in practicing segregated
forms of religion. To illustrate:
1. There was opportunity this summer to
employ Colored teachers in the newly-opened
Ross Junior High School, but because of the
well-known policy they were not, in a school
system where approximately 26 per cent of
its population is Colored. Of course this sys-
tem is ahead of a certain city nearby which has
2. A Colored typist was refused at West Lodge
after being sent out by the United States Em-
ployment Office to fill an existing vacancy.
3. The Health Dept. of Washtenaw County
sets up two separate pre-natal classes, one for

Colored and one for White. Again the purpose
of 'adult education is defeated.
-Rev. David A. Blake
, *
reply to McGregor
To the Editor:'
1 WOULD like this to be a direct answer to Mr.
A. D. McGregor and others suffering under
the same misinformation.
Sen. Pepper was invited here to speak on any
of the liberal subjects with which his Senatorial
backing has made him familiar. The sponsoring
groups were informed by his managers in this
state that the Senator was stumping this state
for FEPC, in addition to the regular political
nature of his trip. Thus, the FEPC, they in-
formed us was to be the subject of 'his speech
and on this theme the rally was planned. Sen.
Pepper inadvertently was not informed by his
managers of the nature of this rally. This was
a mistake, but the many other progressive is-
sues which he supported made us realize that
FEPC was just one part of the over-all program
of progressivism.
To Mr. McGregor and any others interested
we extend a cordial invitation to attend any of
our meetings at which time I feel sure that any
doubts that they may have had as to our irre-
sponsiblity will be dispelled.
-Bob Slaff
AVC, Public Relations

Nonsense! Your father's a business man. He
knows he can get an automobile by placing
an order with a local dealer. And demanding
immediate delivery- He doesn't need your
C.r ., l l L: 4 , i . -. Q n; AI o



It's not my purpose to place a strain '
on your pater's purse- He'd do well
to guard against inflationary acts-
Hmm .... Maybe I could arrange to have
r.:m w~ki . - _e _a ~ l..,: t--

By waving your'rra
magic cigar, ac(mor/ y,
Mr. O'Malley?
..s tikng nn f snmaaf in ! I. s



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