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November 02, 1946 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-11-02

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NOVEMBER 2, 1946



Miners Strike
As Coal Talks
Are Indecisive
Negotiations Will Be
Continued Next Week
WASHINGTON, Nov. 1-P)- -Ne-
gotiations on John L. Lewis' de-
mands for higher coal mine pay re-
cessed tonight in "delicate shape"
and the government reported 5,-
700 miners already had quite work
because of "unrest."
When government and Unites;
Mine Workers negotiators wound up
four hours of talk and quit until
Monday, an interior department of-
ficial told reporters:
"The situation is in such a deli--
cate shape that they will not say
Mines Idle
The Solid Fuels Administration
said 42 mines were made idle by
5,700 men staying away from work
in West Virginia, Kentucky and
Tennessee. It cited "unrest."
This government agency said 21
West Virginia mines closed down be-
cause of what it termed a misunder-
standing, through radio broadcasts,
of . the status of the government-
UMiW working contract.
Somie of the miners were reported
to have explained their walkout with
their traditional phrase, "no con-
tract, no work," but Lewis has stted
that the existing contract remains
in effect during thenegotiations.
Government Criticized
Coal mine owners, meanwhile,
angrily criticized those in the gov-
ernment who, they said, had knuck-
led under to Lewis in dealing with
his demands.
Those attending today's opening
negotiations here, which thus far
have staved off the threat of -a gen-
eral pre-election walkout, would not
even specify what Lewis is asking
for his 400,000 soft coal miners.
At Williamson, W. Va., Secretary
J. J. Ardigo of the Williamson Oper-
ators Association reported a walkout
that shut down 15 mines, employing
about 4,000 men. Ardigo said the
traditional union cry of no-contract-
no-work "seems to be the stock an-
In Kentucky, H. S. Homan of the
big Sandy-Elkhorn Coal Operators
Association, reported 14 mines closed,
12 of them because of a lack of coal
cars. He said the other two were no-
contract-no-work instances.
To Meet Today
Briggs To Address
Accounting Conference
Businessmen from throughout
Michigan will convene today at the
Rackham Building for the 21st an-
nual Michigan Accounting Confer-
ence, co-sponsored by the University
School of Business Administration
and the Michigan Association of Cer-
tified PublicsAccountants.
Speakers scheduled for the morn-
ing session, include University Vice-
President Robert P. Briggs; Prof.
George R. Husband, Wayne Univer-
sity; and Kenneth S. Reames, assist-
ant manager of a Detroit accounting
The afternoon session will include
addresses by Carman Blough, direc-
tor of research, American Institute
of Accountants, and Edward B. Wil-
cox, partner in a Chicago accounting

Bought, Sold, Rented, Repaired
314 S. State St. Phone 7177

Nursery Schools Reject Applicants

NATHAN LEOPOLD HAS EYE EXAMINATION-Nathan Leopold, center, convicted in 1924 of the "thrill
slaying" of Bobby Franks while he was in the University Medical School, prepares to donate his eyes to
an eye bank in Illinois State Penitentiary. Dr. C. L. G arris, right, examines the eyes of Leopold as Dr. Julius
Venckus examines Durland Nash, another convict.


Foreign Students Troubled by'
English Language Difficulties

Learning to think in English is
the greatest problem for foreign stu-
dents who are studying our language,
according to Miss Sarah Grollman,
language consultant of the English
Language Institute at the Interna-
tional Center.
Approximately 50 foreign students
are enrolled in the English courses at
the Institute this semester: with
from ten to twelve students in each
Electric Brain
Developed By
Radio Scientists
)LONDON, Nov., 1-(P)-Admiral
Lord Louis Mountbatten told a meet-
ing of British radio engineers last
night about the development of an
"electronic brain" which he said has
limited reasoning and memory pow-
ers and portens "a revolution of the
Lord Mountbatten, himself a ra-
dio specialist,, said in his talks to
the 21st annual dinner of the British
Institute of Radio Engineers that he
was indebted to Dr. Vannevar, Direc-
tor of the United States Office of
Scientific Research and Develop-
ment, for his information. Mount-
batten is president of the institute.
Revolutionary Aid
"The electronic brain," he said, "will
extend enormously the scope of the
human brain, not only in essence but
also in distance. It seems that we are
really facing a new revolution, not
an industrial one but a revolution
of the mind."
"The electronic brain, he added,
"will receive information about the
situation of machinery under its
control, and will provide informa-
tion and the action necessary to
keep the machine in general con-
formity with the overall directions
given to it by man."
DeGa ulle Opposed
To French Leftists
PARIS, Nov. 1-Gen. Charles De
Gaulle pitted himself squarely
against French leftists today with a
plea to the voters to support those
parties which favor-as he does-re-
vision of the constitution for the
Fourth Republic.
He refrained from mentioning spe-
cific names, but the two parties cate-
gorically opposed to any change in
the charter are the Communists and

Pointing out that most foreign
students have a basic knowledge of
English when they come to the Uni-
versity, Miss Grollman explained
that the courses given at the Institute
are designed to aid in the social and
academic orientation of the foreign
Courses Flexible
Even with a basic knowledge of
English, foreign students are often
extremely nervous at the thought of
using the language Miss Grollman
explained, adding that the Institute
courses are flexible and permit the
student to enter a class at any time
during the semester.
Classesare organized according to
the level of knowledge of the stu-
dents and according to their field of
academic interest, Miss Grollmajn
All instruction is given in English
and emphasis is on the spoken lan-
guage, although English composition
is also taught, Miss Grollman said,
expressing the opinion that the
translation method of teaching for-
eign language is outmoded.
Located in Union
Classes are held in the morning,
afternoon, and evening and are open
to all foreign students enrolled in the
University. A special class is con-
ducted for the wives of foreign stu-
The English Language Institute
was established at the time of the
opening of the Internatipnal Center
in 1938 and is located in south wing
of the Union. Before that time, Eng-
lish language instruction for foreign
students was provided through the
office of the Counselor to Foreign
State Science Clubs
Will Convene Today
The Michigan Junior Academy of
Science, Arts and Letters, composed
of science clubs from every part of
the state, will hold a convention in
Ann Arbor today.
The group was organized last
spring by the Michigan Senior
Academy of Science and includes
clubs both inside and outside the
high school system. Formal accept-
ance of nine clubs as charter mem-
bers will be one of the convention
The group will tour the University
Museum and Observatory in the
morning and have their business
meeting and program, starting at 2
p.m., in the Natural Science Audi-

ine; tih
New Cancer Note ...
Radioactive phosphorus (isotope of
atomic weight 32) has proved effect-
ive in treating superficial skin tu-
mors. Dr. Bertram V. Low-Beer of
the University of California, who de-
veloped the treatment, covered the
tumor with blotting paper containing
a solution of P-32, which emits cell-
killing rays of low penetrating ability
and is therefore safer to employ than
are X-rays of radium. The 'isotope
is produced in the Oak Ridge, Ten-
nessee, atomic fission piles.
Russian Medicine .
An antibacterial agent occuring
in tears, saliva, and egg-white has
beets found useful in treating in-
fected wounds and infantile diar-
rhea, according to a review by Drs.
Ponomareva and Voronova in the
American Review of Soviet Medi-
cine. The substance, lysozyme, was
first isolated by Sir Alexander
Fleming, who is famous for his dis-
covery of pencillin. The lysozyme is
an enzyme which attacks starchlike
material in the bacteria's cell-wall
and finally dissolves the cell itself.
** *
Time by Temperature ...
A new clock, which is almost "per-
petual" in its motion, has recently
been perfected. It winds itself by
means of slight changes in atmos-
pheric temperature, variations of only
two degrees being sufficient to wind
it for 48 hours. The mechanism
is so precisely machined that no oil-
ing is needed. Its balance wheel ro-
tates 1440 times per day while that
of a regular clock oscillates 432,000
times. The Atmos clock, as it is
called, would thus have to run for 150
years to equal the wear of a conven-
tional clock in a single year.
The clock is motivated by a small
drum mounted behind its machinery.
The drum, filled with liquid and
sealed with an accordion-like bellows,
harnesses minute temperature
changes in the air in the 23 degrees
to 86 degrees-F. range. The fluctua-
tions communicate variations to the
vapor pressure of the ether-chlorine
within the drum, which then moves
the bellows and creates tension upon
a chain which winds the mainspring.

Ann Arbor tots are experiencing
as much difficulty gaining admission
to institutions of learning as are
their older brothers and sisters on
the college level.
Flooded by requests for admissions,
reflecting the influx of young mar-
ried couples and their school age
children to the city, the University
Elementary School rejected any fur-
ther applications for the fall semes-
ter as early as last April. In August,
U Instructor.
Will Interpret
In Court Today
Jack H. Vaughn, grad, an instruc-
tor in the Romance Language de-
partment who has spent six years
in Mexico, will act as interpreter
for Alphonso De Leon, of Milan, de-
fendant in an assault case being
tried today in the Washtenaw coun-
ty circuit court.
Vaughn was cetified as a court
official yesterday after gaining per-
mission from the defendant. He was
recommended for the job by the
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information.
De Leon has been accused of at-
tacking and severely wounding Wal-
ter Smith, of Milan, with a knife
after Smith entered the De Leon
home on May 23.
The defendant has lodged counter
protests against Smith for break-
ing into his home and attacking him
with a chair. Smith claims that he
was invited there by De Leon's wife
who denied his claim in preliminary
hearings. All three persons admit
they had been drinking.
The case is expected to be bound
over to the jury this afternoon.
Church News
The Michigan Christian Fellow-
ship will hold a conference based on
the theme, "Discipleship," today
and tomorrow at Walden Woods.
Dr. Harold Lindsell, of the De-
partment of Mission and Church
History, Northern Baptist Heminary,
Chicago, will speak Saturday on
"The Life Giving Death" and Sun-
day on "The Consuming Devotion."
Catherine Nicall, staff member of
Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship,
will discuss "The Essential Denial."
"The Supreme Decision" will be the
subject of the speech to be given by
Charles Troutman, associate secre-
tary for Inter-Varsity Christian Fel-
Westminster Guild will hold a
Halloween party, the "Bat's Brawl,"
at 8 p.m. today in the social hall of
the Presbyterian Church.
Entertainment will include square
dancing, a magic show and games.
* * *
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation will
hold an open house today during
which students may listen to the ra-
dio report of the football game.
Testing Conference . .
Clark Tibbitts, director of the Uni-
versity Institute for Human Adjust-
ment, will attend an invitational con-
ference on testing problems today in
New York City.
While in the East, Tibbitts will also
undertake to complete negotiations
regarding a contract between the
Speech Clinic and the Veterans Ad-
ministration for fitting hearing aids
to members of the armed forces who
suffered hearing disabilities in con-
nection with military service.

220 rejections of the applications on
file had to be sent out.
Nurseries Over-crowded
The Elementary School nursery
and the good private nurseries in Ann
Arbor, still cannot meet the ever-
growing demand, Dr. Max Wingo,
principal of the Elementary School,
stated. Nurseries are expensive prop-
ositions, since the maximum number
of children that can be assigned to
one adult is ten, thus necessitating
a greater number of salaried em-
"There is no prospect of enlarge-
ment of facilities in the near future,
unless the public sees fit to spend a
good deal of money right away," Dr.
Wingo declared.
Research Regulates Admission.
Research in child development, the
primary purpose of the Elementary
School, is the only policy which regu-
lates admission, Dr. Wingo said. This
research is a long-time project which
covers a span of seven to-eight years.
The school gives admission prefer-
ence to children who are likely to
remain for 2 long time, and who
would enter at the nursery or kinder-
garten level. In line with this re-
search, part of which is the study of
siblings, the school givespreference
to brothers and sisters of children
already in school. In addition, bal-
ance is maintained by admitting an
equal number of boys and girls.
After these preferences are filled,

children are admitted in the order
of the filing of their applications.
The applications, which contain rou-
tine information about the child and
its family, are filed, and the child's
position in the waiting list is deter-
mined by the date of application.
The school accommodates 150 chil-
dren in grades ranging from the
nursery school to the sixth year. Eight
classroom teachers and thirty-one
student teachers, in addition to the
research workers, comprise the staff.
Riots Continue
BOMBAY, Nov. 1-(P)-The third
month of Moslem-Hindu killing in
Bombay began today with police
concentrating on keeping the trouble
from reaching a new peak during
the approaching Moslem holiday
which already has given rise to two
Two persons have been killed and
13 wounded as a result of Hindu
raids on cattle which Moslems were
herding for sacrificial purposes in
cor.r.c.a _ ',S"o Biblical and
Koran story of a Aaham's offerof
Isaac as a sacrifice. Adhering to an-
cient tradition, the Moslems offer
actualdanimal sacrifices on the Nov.
5 holiday called Akrid.

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