THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1946
PAGE FOU FRIDAY-OCTOBER-------
etteri to ie &/itor
To the Editor:
SAMUEL GRAFTON in a review, which con-
tains sharp and penetrating social criticism,
of "The Iceman Cometh" links s Mr. O'Neill's
play with "several other pessimistic plays lately
produced in Paris by the new, negative philo-
sophical movement known as "Existentialism."
It is a very common misapprehension that
Existentialism is a negative movement. Profes-
sor Douglas Bush, the distinguished Harvard
scholar, who ought to have known better, at
a recent convention at Kenyon College labelled
it such. It is very easy and labor-saving to af-
fix such a label, and people in general, who
are lazy anyway, are absolved from any further
inquiry into Existentialism, for why should they
trouble to inquire into a movement that is
But for all those who like to keep their
minds open, I suggest a reading of the short
and vigorous "What Is Existentialism?" by Jean-
Paul Sartre in Foreground for Spring-Summer,
Existentialism, is a philosophy which says
that man's existence is not absolutely prede-
termined beforehand, but that man is a creature
in process of becoming, and what he becomes is,
iii part, at any rate, determined by his own de-
termining, Is that negative?
Existentialism seems pessimistic or negative
to many because of its honest facing of man's
limitations and absurdities. It refuses to have
truck with illusions, but perhaps no more posi-
tive thinking is being done in the world today
than by the Existentialism Movement in Paris
or will you claim that Ann Arbor is a center of
more vigorous intellectual radiation?
-James V. Baker
To the Editor:
AY I BE permitted to correct two statements
in the Michigamua Rope Day article ap-
pearing in your Oct. 16th issue?
Michigamua was founded by members of the
Literary and Engineering - class of 1902 in the
spring of 1901. This, you know, was prior to
Mr. Yost's coming to Ann Arbor. He was not
made an Honarary Sachem in Michigamua for
a good many years after it was founded. After
he was taken into Michigamua he was very
active and very much interested in Michigamua.
-J. W. Woodhams, '02
* * * +;
Standing in. Line
To the Editor
THE ENTIRE student body is faced with the
very tiring and aggravating situation of
standing in lines, of varied lengths, to secure
their meals. Some students who have successive
eleven and one o'clock classes must forego their
lunch if their class is held past the noon hour.
The situation is somewhat similar at supper-
time, although the diner usually faces a longer
and slower moving line. There is very little that
the University can do about the situation in
private restaurants, but it can take steps to
ameliorate conditions at both the Union and
It seems advisable to have the University
ask the League and the Union to take the fol-
1: Only students, faculty, and employes of
the University should be allowed to eat in
the Union and League cafeterias, during
the lunch hour.
2. Only students and faculty members should
be allowed to eat in the Union and League
cafeterias during the dinner hour.
3. Families residing with the student, such
as spouse and children, should be allowed
to eat in the cafeterias. It is of course
taken for granted that employes of the
cafeteria will not have any restrictions
placed upon their dining in the cafeterias.
Both cafeterias deserve the commendations
of the students for the fine way they have
handled the situation in the past, but the un-
dersigned believes the meal situation can be
immeasurably improved, for the student body,
if the above procedure is followed.
NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY LEVINE
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by mnembers of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
ACQUITTAL at Nuernberg of Schacht, Von
Papen and Fritsche brought amazement and
questions from all sections of the broad, heter-
6geneous group which defeated the Nazis.
Some say they were acquitted as a demon-
stration of fairness, proving that nothing was
prejudged. In the light of the records of these
three, that argument sounds a little superficial.
Schacht is probably one of the cleverest foxes
the Nazis had. To his discredit is the conversion
of the entire German financial system for re-
armament and war. Schacht is the man who
organized the German industrialists and bank-
ers in support of the Nazi program,. Schacht
helped Hitler gain power. Apparently the jury
at Nuernberg were deceived by his role of de-
tachment, or maybe they credited his plea:
"My mistake was not realizing the extent of
Adolf Hitler's criminal nature at an early enough"
time. .. My head is upright." Schacht's tardi-
ness should not have won him an acquittal.
Von Papen's acquittal was ludicrous. Not
only did he do a great deal to engineer World
War II, but he has an ugly record in con-
nection with World War I. It was Von Papen
who induced Hindenburg to make Hitler
Chancellor, who betrayed Austria to the Gerd
mans, who is known throughout the world
as an active' accomplice in everything the
Nazis did. Von Papen's most impassioned ap-
peal that "love for country is the only factor
decisive for all my actions" should have held
no sway over the court. Certainly this artful
fox was guilty of perpetuating German war
As for Fritsche, he admitted that he "believed
in Hitler . . . (and) . . . strengthened the
trust of the German people in the cleanliness
of their leaders." That hardly makes him wor-
thy of an acquittal.
They say that in Germany, the ordinary cit-
izen is not only bewildered by the acquittals, he
disapproves of them. When the trio tried to
leave the prison after the verdict, they found
German police ready to rearrest them. They
hurried back to the jail until, under the cover of
darkness, U.S. guards took them to private resi-
It is a sad touch of irony that the Germans
should realize these men are guilty and the War
Crimes Tribunal set up by the Allies should
free them. We can appreciate the wrath of the
Russians over this fiasco.
MAN TO MAN:
By HAROLD L. ICKES
AN ATTEMPT has been made to create the
impression that "approximate .justice" was
done when 23 of the 25 Negro defendants in
the Columbia, Tennessee, race disorders were
The bare facts might seem, to warrant such
a conclusion. But it will not stand careful analy-
sis. Four police officers were shot in the Negro
section of Columbia. Obviously someone shot
them. But to adjudge all 25 of the defendants
guilty would have been ridiculous. It was more
persuasive to convict only two. But this is only
a superficial way of looking at the trial. Ac-
tually, the facts, if carefully considered, throw
a somewhat different light on .this appraise-
ment of "approximate justice."
Starting from a fight between a white shop-
keeper and a Negro woman and her sailor son,
unrest spread through the usually quiet city of
Columbia and by nightfall a mob of white men
had gathered in the court house square, Shortly
after dark, automobiles ran up and down
through the Negro business section with the oc-
cupants firing indiscriminately, The Negroes
answered with a fusilade and later four police-
men who entered the area were shot.
Thus, in actuality, the Negroes thought
they were firing in self defense. But there
can be no such justification for the actions
of Lynn Bomar the next day. Soldiers, and
police under Bomar's command, were present
"to keep order" when the whole Negro com-
munity was vandalized, robbed, brutalized
and beaten up. More than 100 Negroes were
arrested and held incommunicado for from
three to eight days while every obstacle was
thrown in the way of attorneys seeking for
them the minimum guarantees of the Con-.
In the jail, the Negroes were beaten and in-
timidated. Two were shot to death. In view of
these facts, the title "Commissioner of Safety"
seems to be something of a misnomer.
MR. BOMAR, "Commissioner of Safety," tes-
tified in court that he not only had no
search warrant when he broke into Negro homes
and business houses last February, but - in his
defiant words - "I probably won't have one
next time, either." Still under oath, he testified
further that he put his foot on the neck of1
Napoleon Stewart, one of the defendants in the
Columbia jail, and told him, "I'm going to kill
you if you try to get up."
The outrage here is that not even "approxi-
mate justice" has been done to the Constitution
of the United States. There exists today a Fed-
eral law called the Civil Rights Statute, which
subjects to federal punishment state, county and
municipal authorities who wilfully deprive citi-
zens of their Constitutional rights. This statute
was recently applied to Chief of Police Lynwood
L. Shull, of Batesburg, S. C., who is under in-
dictment as having tortured and blinded Isaac
Woodard, a Negro veteran. This is a clear prec-
"Commissioner of Safety" Lynn Bomar
has testified, under oath, that he wilfully de-
prived citizens of their Constitutional rights
by indulging in intimidation and brutality in
jail and by breaking into homes without war-
rant. He has defied the Constitution by an-
nouncing boldly that he intends to repeat
such lawless actions.
Never has there been a more clear-cut and
flagrant violation of civil rights. It is to be
hoped that Attorney General Tom Clark will
instruct the Department of Justice to arrest
Lynn Bomar and the other officials for the out-
rages against the Constitution which occurred
at Columbia, Tennessee. In view of his respon-
sibility for the .upholding of Federal law, At-
torney General Clark's duty is clearly marked.
He is undoubtedly also familiar with the legal
axiom that "justice delayed is justice denied."
Let us not be supine under this peculiar
variety of lynching called "Southern justice."
A Federal law has been violated and Federal
justice is called for,
(Copyright 1946, by the N.Y. Post Syndicate)
COMMUNISM is making little headway toward
winning over the German people. Election
results now available from all parts of the
country reveal a strong conservative trend
Anti-Marxist parties are showing substantial
strength even in the Soviet zone. Communists
there have been able to win only with the aid
of firm support from. the Russian occupation
government and after absorbing their principal
rival, the Socialist Party. In the Western zones,
Communists have received less than seven per
cent of the popular vote.
The one party with substantial strength in
all four occupation zones is the Christian Demo-
crats, conservative and anti-Marxist. The Chris-
tian Democrats led in the U. S. and French
zones, came close to winning in the British zone
and were strong even in the Russian zone.
The German elections show that in the U.S.
zone the Communists got only seven per cent of
the popular vote in elections for State legisla-
tures. A massive plurality went to Christian
Democratic Union. Catholic Bavaria, now the
largest state in Germany, gave the Christian
Democrats a majority. Another anti-Commun-
ist party, the Social Democrats. got one-third of
the votes. The Social Democrats are left of
center and have the same point of view as the
British Labor Party.
"You was quite a' upstart in yore day, too, sonny."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
i - '
At the State ...
FAITHFUL IN MY FASHION (MGM) Donna
Reed, Tom Drake.
This practical vehicle for young starlets can
be endured. It might have been enjoyed if a
little more care had been taken with it. As it
is, it runs to the superfluous in dialogue, whim-
sical characters, and romantic goo. As a friend.
so aptly put it, it's a bunch of whacked-up fluff.
Dona Reed is pleasant to look at, pretty enough
in fact to excuse her obvious inability to ex-
press emotion of any kind. Tom Drake, without
Lassie at his heels, has much more to say than
usual. If you're in love and together you'll en-
joy yourself sighing through this. If you're bit-
ter and alone, you can catch up on your ba'ck
At the Michigan...
IT SHOULDN'T HAPPEN TO A DOG; Allyn
Joslyn, Carol Landis, Rodney.
History has almost repeated itself in the
short span of a week. This time it's a Dober-
man, and while Rodney doesn't quite touch Las-
sie in the dramatic, he sure does beat him from
here to Monroe where comedy is concerned.
This is a flimsy piece that gets laughs on next
to nothing. That it gets the laughs is due to a
good cast, nice direction, Allyn Joslyn's ade-
quacy as an actor, and the dog-Rodney. It's
not the biggest thing to hit Ann Arbor, but it's
well worth the price of admission to get out
of the rain.
(ConiLhted from Page 3)
tion will be given on Mon., Oct. 21, at
4:00 p.m. in Rm. 1139 N.S. Students
eligible for the examination must
have their records checked before
Monday by Prof. Jones in 1005 N.S.1
Makeup examinations in German I)
and II are scheduled for Mon., Oct.
21, from 2-4 p.m., in Rm. 204 Univer-
sity Hall. Students who have not yet
handed in their names should do so1
at once at 204 U. H.
Veterans' Tutorial Program: The
following change has been made in
the schedule: Chemistry4--The Sat-
urday section will now meet from1
10:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. (Rm. 165
Algebra Seminar today at 4:15 p.m.,z
3201 Angell Hall. Mr. Rabson will1
continue his talk on Lattice Theory.-
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Rm. 319 W. Medical Bldg.,
today at 3:00 p.m. The Subject
to be discussed will be "The Excretiont
of Creatine and Creatinine." All in-
terested are invited.]
The Mathematics Seminar on
Dynamical Systems will meet Mon.,
Oct. 21, at 3 p.m., in 3201 Angell Hall.
Mr. Falkoff will speak on Variational1
Wind Instrument Recital: Harris
Hall today at 1 p.m. Program:'
Allegro movement from Concerto II
by Williams, Mary Kelly, cornet;
Concertino by Guilhaud, Edwin
Kruth, clarinet; Drumming it Three-
fold by Buggert, Edward Reilly,'
George Cavender and Harry Grims-
ley, drums; Solo de Copcours by Ra-
baud, Daniel Kyser, clarinet; Adagio
from original Woodwind Octet by
Beethoven, Menuet from Piano Sona-
tina by Ravel, Variations on a Corsi-
can Theme by Tomasi, Nelson Hauen-
stein, flute, Bernard Poland, oboe,
Earl Bates, clarinet, Charles Yancich,
French horn, and William Weichlein,
bassoon. Mildred Andrews and Beat-
rice Gaal, pianists. Open to the pub-
lie without charge.
Visitors' Night will be held at the
main Observatory tonight from 7:30
to 9:30. The Star Clusters will be
shown if the night is clear. Children
must be accompanied by adults. If
the sky is cloudy, the Observatory
will not be open.
The faculty and graduate students
of the chemistry department are cor-
dially invited to attend a mixer to-
night at Rackham. Dr. C. B. Slaw-
son will speak on "Diamonds" in
the Amphitheater at 8:00 and there
will be dancing, food and cards in
the Assembly Hall from 9:00-12:00.
Coffee Hour will be held this after-
noon from 4:30 to 6:00 in the Lane
Alpha Lambda Delta: There will be
a brief but important meeting in the
League at 5:00 today for all members.
Please inquire at main desk for room
Willow Run Dances: Any League
House girl from Zones I or II, who
would like to go to a dance at Willow
Run Friday night, please sign up in
the Undergraduate Office of the
League, or contact Allene Golinkin.
A hayride is planned for Methodist
students and friends tonight at 8:30.
Make reservations by calling the stu-
dent office or by signing the bulletin
The Roger Williams Guild will hold
a Work Party at the Guild House to-
night at 8:30. Come in old clothes
prepared for fun and work together.
Hindustan Association: General
meeting tonight at 7:30 in the Inter-
national Center, to discuss plans for
Divali celebrations and affiliation
with Hindustan Students' Association
of America. Members and all others
interested are inivited.
Soph Cabaret: Meeting of fortune-
tellers today in the League. See bul-
letin above main desk for location.
If possible, bring deck of cards.
The Armenian Students' Associa
tion will meet tonight at 7:30 in the
League. The room number will be
posted. All students of Armenian par-
entage are cordially invited.
The.U. of M. chapter of the Inter-
collegiate Zionist Federation of Amer-
ica will present an OnegShabbat
this evening at 7:45 at the B'nai
B'rith Hillel Foundation. Program:
Friday evening worship, dramatic
readings, songs, and Palestinian
dancing, and a social will follow the
program. Everyone is cordially invit-
ed to attend.
Hillel News Staff: Meeting of all
staffs today at 4:00 p.m. Members
are reminded that all copy is due at
that time. People are particularly
needed for the business staff. All
those interested are asked to attend
The B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
Library Committee will hold its first
meeting today at 4:00. Former mem-
bers and all those interested are re-
quested to attend.
Institute of the Aeronautical Scien-
ces: The second meeting of the I.A.S.
will be held at 7:30 p.m., Wed., Oct.
23, in Michigan Union. The member-
ship drive for the current semester
will close with this meeting. Member-
ship applications may be obtained
from Mrs. S. Baker in the Aero de-
partment, E. Eng. Bldg.
The Graduate Outing Club is plan-
ning a hike and supper for Sunday,
Oct. 20. All graduate students, fac-
ulty members, and veterans are in-
vited. Sign up at the check desk in
the Rackham Bldg., before noon Sat.
Meet at the Outing Club rooms in the
'Rackham Bldg. at 2:30 p.m., Sunday.
Use the northwest entrance.
Le Cercle Francais will hold a meet-
ing on Mon., Oct. 21, at 8:00 p.m. in
Rm. 305 of the Michigan Union. Prof.
Ren6 Talamon, of the Romance Lan-
guage Dept., will offer a dramatic
By Samuel Grafton
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THE LIBERAL movement in Amer-
ica has been in a bad way, but
one must never despair; the Republi-
can party can always be trusted to re-
vive it. By forcing the President's
hand on meat, the G.O.P. has pre-
sented liberals with an issue, almost
with a program. Itncouldn't have
done more if it had chafed liberal-
ism's wrists, and patted its forehead
with cool tippy-tips.
Up to now we have been a crisis on
meat, but it has been a kind of uni-
versal crisis; it has applied to almost
everybody. Now there will be meat in
every shop, but not for those who
cannot pay big prices. At least be-
fore, when you couldn't get it, you
couldn't see it; now there will be a
meat famine accompanied by drool
The meat shortage has been solved
down to a certain income level; be-
low that a kind of line has been
drawn and the question of whether
you get meat or don't get meat now
depends on how much money you
have, to a far greater degree than was
true in the worst black market days.
That the G.O.P. is shudderingly
aware of the issue it has created
is shown by the sudden emphasis
placed by its speakers, and by pub-
lications friendly to it, on the
theme that there must be no de-
mands now for higher wages, to
meethigher food prices. There
must, in other words, be no infla-
tion to meet inflation. Mr. Taft
and his friends, having opened the
door to a monster, insist that half
of him must remain outside.
But let us return to the point about
liberalism. There have been a thou-
sand definitions of liberalism, but one
of the best (which I have just found
under my ash-tray) is that liberalism
is a philosophy which holds that we
must not solve our national prob-
lems at the expense of our poorest.
That's all, and that's it. What was
Rooseveltism all about, except just
that? Mr. Roosevelt believed quite
simply, in an equitable distribution of
the cost of catastrophe; that you
don't solve farm surpluses by shaking
out the smallest farmers, but by hav-
ing everybody grow a little less; that
you don't solve a bank crisis at the
expense of depositors; that you don't
solve over production by means of un-
employment. That candle has burnt
low during these last few prosperous
years, but the meat crisis may set it
FOR THE SOLUTION of the meat
crisis now forced upon us sets a
style. It beats a return to the pre-
Rooseveltian practice of solving the
economic problems of one group at
the expense of another. It is kin to
the theory that we can stop inflation
'y having a little "shake-down" next
near; that is, if a few million Amei-
mans will only consent to remain
luietly unemployed for a period,
orices will come down, etc., and we
,an start again. Always there is a
>rice, and the price is always passed
lown the line. But always there is
a reaction (sometimes its name is
Roosevelt) and the Republicans have
lone more to revive liberalism than
f they had dashed cold water in its
°ace, fed it hot coffee, and walked it
firmly up and down the room.
For, a week ago, any man who sug-
;ested that the government buy meat
and give it away to the poor would
lave been an idle dreamer; tomorrow
he may seem quite a practical fellow,
ind he may have customers. The
ther side will have no answer, ex-
vept its standard one about ending
controls, and it is. has already used
that one up. The great wheel turns,
as American conservatism, the most
primitive and unsophisticated con-
servatism in the world, resolutely fol-
lows that obscure destiny which
forces it forever to solve one crisis at
the elpense of a greater, to pay three
for one, to buy a day of ease at the
cost of a year of unrest.
(Copyright, 1946 N.Y. Post Syndicate)
ATTORNEY GENERAL Tom C. Clark, in a
recent article, pointed out that the youth
of today are much more serious and pessimis-
tic concerning the future of the nation and the
world than those of the "roaring twenties," but
that they still presented a problem to their
parents and the country as a whole.
He classed them as "smoldering" rather
than "flaming youth."
Clark also explained the Department of Jus-
tice campaign to combat juvenile delinquency.
Pointing out that crime begins when boys are
very young, he cited the example of the recent
Alcatraz jail-break, where all the criminals in-
volved had started their lawless careers in their
"Had we been wise enough to fight the crim-
inal tendencies of these men at an early age,"
he said, "we might have been spared that tragic
jailbreak and the gruesome trail of crime that
led to it."
mr vrc -t .. P 4,-.,rf ..l r, ralinnii+a in
record. According to Attorney Gen. Clark, the
results of the plan have justified the faith
placed in it.
The Brooklyn Plan is excellent for its pur-
pose, but it reaches only the small percentage
of teen-agers who actually commit crimes. Next
week a National Conference on the Control of
Juvenile Delinquency will meet in Washington,
having as its purpose the discussion of the prob-
lems of all youth of today, delinquent or not.
There are many who are merely unhappy or
difficult to handle, but present no actual legal
problem. These must be reached by a more
widespread program that will aid them and
awaken their faith in the future.
-Phyllis L. Kaye
Edited and managed by students of the
University of Michigan under the author-
ity of the Board in Control of Student
Robert Goldman.........Managing Editor
Milton Freudenheim.....Editorial Director
Clayton Dickey...............City Editor
Mary Brush...............Associate Editor
Ann Kutz.................Associate Editor
Paul Harsha............Associate Editor
Clark Baker ...............Sports Editor
Joan Wilk................Women's Editor
Lynne Ford......Associate Women's Edit.or
Robert E. Potter.......Business Manager
Evelyn Mills...Associate Business Manager
Janet Cork.... Associate Business Manager
I'll have these notes typed. Then
nn~ therm nt, to the nfh r
F Still . . . There's no harm in ii
Scstmuiti;n dis'cuion- And
K How thoughtful of you, m'boy.
Pop doesn't like ME to
sit at his dek- Rut
reading of several masterpieces of
French literature. On the program
also: Group singing and a social hour.
Students interested in joining the