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October 18, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-10-18

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COLUMBIA
JUSTICE
See Page 4

Y

1Mw ~

Dziitr

RAIN,
COLDER

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVII, No. 22 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Release Ordered,
For '45 Draftees
Army Field Commanders Directed
To Screen Out Surplus Individuals
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct. 17-The Army ordered the release by Jan. 1 of
all remaining 1945 draftees as a new means of reducing strength to author-
ized limits.
The War Department also directed field commanders to screen their
rosters and eliminate as surplus individuals, those deemed "unfit" and those
"who have demontrated an ineptitude for military service.
Maj. Gen. Willard S. Paul, director of personnel and administration,
told reporters that by the year's end the army will have to be cut down by
a net of 435,000 officers and men.
Calculations will have to be revised largely because of an upsurge in

Most Food ontrols

To End Nov.1;

Record Meat Supply Floods Market

Prices Reach
All-Time High
On Top Beef
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, Oct. 17-Meat explod-
ed onto the nation's livestock mar-

<"

U' FM Station
Will Broadcast
By Year's End
Peach Mountain Site
Of Radiation Tower
By PAUL HARSHA
The University's new high-power
educational frequency modulation
station will be in operation by the
end of the current school year, Prof.
Waldo Abbot, director of broadcast-
ing said yesterday.
From a 440 foot radiation tower
on Peach Mountain near Portage
Lake, the University will broadcast
music, lectures, sports and special
events programs with a 50,000 watt
transmitter on 97.1 megacycles.
Studios for the new station, tenta-
tively designated WATX, will be on
the top floor of the General Service
Building, now under construction.
The station will operate on a lim-
ited program basis from studios in
Angell Hall on a 3,000 watt trans-
mitter until the building is com-
pleted.
Latest f requen c y modulation
equipment will be installed at the
transmitting station, Prof. Abbot,
said. The 50000 watt transmitter is
expected to service a radius of 110
miles with a signal sufficient for
rural reception.
During 1947 the station will broad-
cast about six hours a day. Due to
lack of studio space, alarge propor-
tion of the programs before the new
building is completed will be picked
up from outside the studio or tran-
scribed.
When the station is established in

four modern studios on the ,
floor of the new building, the
See NEW STATIONS Page

fifth
Uni-
6

volunteer enlistments and the 're-
lated effect of congressional limita-
tions on the army's size, he said.
On Sept. 30 the army numbered
1,745,000 officers and men, including
200,000 "non-effectives" who were
already on the way out or in hospi-
tals, and an additional 90,000 en-
route home from the Pacific for dis-
charge. By Dec. 31 the intention is
to reach a net strength of 1,310,000.
The War Department also ordered
the discharge of the last of the 1945
non-volunteers in time for comple-
tion of their terminal leave by the
end of December.
General Willard S. Paul, the War
Department's director of personnel
and administration, acknowledged to
reporters that the army had been
kept over strength for several months
because of "uncertainties" over the
future of the draft and the success of
the drive for volunteers for the regu-
lar army.,
Paul said the new measures would
help put the army on a complete
volunteer basisaand promise to raise
efficiency.
Byrnes To Give
Nation Report
On Conference
WASHINGTON, Oct 17 - (P) -
Congratulated by President Truman
for doing a "most excellent job" at
the Paris Peace Conference, Secre-
tary of State Byrnes went to work
tonight on a report to the nation in
which- he is expected to reinforce
emphatically his "firm policy" to-
ward Russia.
He will broadcast for 30 miuutes
beginning at 10 p.m., EST today
over NBC. The broadcast will deal
at length with the inconclusive Paris
conference which, Byrnes said today,
made "'some progress" toward peace
in Europe.
The address will be the first of two
major government speeches on for-
eign policy within less than a week,
the second being by Mr. Truman him-
self. He will open the United Nations
Assembly at New York Wednesday,
the White House announced.
There wvas speculation that the
President and Byrnes, who talked
for 50 minutes today, would reply to
former Secretary of Commerce Wal-
lace's criticism of Byrnes' attitude
toward Russia.
Still another talk on foreign affairs
will be broadcast by Senator Van-
denberg (R., Mich.) at 7 p.m. E.S.T.,
Saturday over CBS. Vandenberg
served with Byrnes in Paris and came
home with him by plane today.
At the State Department, mean-
while, ambassador to Russia Walter
Bedell Smith began a series of con-
ferences with top policy-making of-
ficials on the whole range of issues
with Russia to determine how present
policies can be more effectively car-
ried out.
Byrnes was asked by a newsman
how he evaluated the Paris Confer-
ence.
"We feel we have made progress,"
he said, "and I certainly hope that
when the Conference of Foreign Min-
isters meets Nov. 4 we will complete
the five treaties.
London Seeks
Jewel Thieves
LONDON, Oct. 17 - () - London
police combed night clubs tonight
for a trace of expert thieves who
climbed a drainpipe into the Duchess
of Windsor's country apartment,
looted a "considerable portion" of
her glittering $1,000,000 jewel col-
lection and left part of it scattered
on a nearby golf course.
A friend of the Duke of Windsor
and his American-born wife said

kets today in the largest numbers in
10 months. When the storm was over
virtually all price balloons except
those on top grade cattle had col-
lapsed from one to ten dollars.
Most commodities likewise were
deflated, including butter, eggs,
poultry, wheat, corn, oats, and cot-
ton. Lard, soybeans, and flax kept
out of the storm area, however, and
moved to new high ground.
Markets Swamped
Some markets, such as Oklahoma
City, were swamped with so many
animals the yards couldn't handle
them. Others of major importance
were on the receiving end of miles-
long lines of trucks filled with beef
roasts, pork chops, and lamb steaks
on the hoof.
Prices which had set new records
only yesterday receded steadily al-
most with every new truckload, par-
ticularly on hogs and lower grade
cattle.
Strictly choice cattle went to a
new high mark at Chicago, however,
odd head going for $37.50 and load
lots peaking at $36.00. The Omaha
market set a new record for the third
day in a row, hitting $33.00 or $2.00
better than yesterday.
New Record
The popular price at Chicago was
$20.00 after an early top had been
set at $23.00 and compared with yes-
terday's record-equalling mark of
$27.50. Sheep also were off $1.00 to
$1.50, topping at $26.50 in compari-
son with yesterday's new record of
$28.00
Ex-Communist
Names Leader

Catholic Convert
Berger Top U.S.

Says
Red

Nazi Leaders 1
Are Cremated
Officials Hunt Source
Of Goering's Poison
NUERNBERG, Oct. 17-03)-The
bodies of the suicide Hermann Goer-
ing and 10 hanged Nazi war leaders
have been reduced to ashes-like the
thousands of their victims who per-
ished in concentration camps-and
"secretly dispersed," the Allied Con-
trol Council announced today.
The official announcement of the
cremation did not say whether the
ashes had been scattered over land
or sea.
Planned Before
Meanwhile, it was learned from a
security officer that Goering, who
cheated the hangman's noose by tak-
ing poison shortly before he was to
have gone to the gallows, had plan-
ned to commit suicide three months
ago with a piece of celluloid. An alert
guard foiled him.
The officer gave this account of
the incident which occurred while
the Nazi leaders were on trial before
the International Military Tribunal:
The ear phones which Goering
used during the trial seemed to be
faulty and he was unable to hear
some of the proceedings. Becoming
suspicious, a guard examined the ear
phones and discovered that they had
been tampered with and the inner
working extracted.
Sharp Celluloid
Thi ,working contained a piece of
celluloid which the officer said was
sharp enough to slit a vein or an ar-
tery. The ear phones were used dur-
ing the trial to provide translations
of the proceedings.
I.

-NEW YORK, Oct. 17-(P)-Louis
F. Budenz, Foraham University eco-
nomics instructor who a year ago
renounced Communism to embrace
the Catholic faith, today named a
man he said was known as Hans
Berger as No. 1 Communist agent in
the U. S.
Budenz, who said he expected to
testify concerning Berger before the
House Committee of Un-American
Activities probably late next month,
described Berger as director of all
Communist activity in this country
but a man virtually unknown among
the party's rank and file.
Budenz said Berger formerly was a
member of the staff of the Daily
Worker, the party's newspaper pub-
lished in New York, but declined to
give other details concerning him.
A spokesman at the Daily Worker
declined comment, saying that the
paper's only statement would be in
the form of a news story
Detroit Police Uncover
Lover But Not Looter
DETROIT, Oct. 17-(AP)-A po-
lice search of a darkened movie
house today failed to uncover a
bandit who had just robbed a
downtown loan office of $988 in a
daring daylight holdup.
On the report he had entered
the movie house, a dozen patrol-
men and detectives deployed
themselves through the theatre
and unsuccessfully searched for
the bandit while the audience
watched the film, "Lover Come
Back."

KNOW YOUR RIGHTS:
Student Veterans To Receive
Personal GI Bill Interviews

TICKETED FOR EASTERNERS WHO DINE OUT - Choice cuts of beef are "boned" at the American Meat
Company plant in Kansas City, preparatory to shipment and distribution to eastern restaurants and hotels.
The company specializes in meats for eating establishments. At left Robert Johnson "bones" a cut of beef
as Cooler Foreman Tom Lackley (center) and Herman Schutte, another boner, inspect another cut.

By STU FINLAYSON
Every University student veteran
will have a personal interview with a
Veterans Administration counselor
within the next two months, W. L.
Wallace, chief of the Ann Arbor VA
Office, announced yesterday.
The purpose of the interview is to
insure that each veteran enrolled un-
der the provisions of the GI Bill or
Public Law 16 is aware of the respon-
sibilities and certain rights as pro-
vided by law.
The first group of veterans, who
will be interviewed next week, will re-
ceive appointment cards through the
mail today or tomorrow. The ap-
pointment cards will be mailed four
days before the scheduled interview
and veterans are requested by the
VA to bring the cards with them to
the interview. Notation will be made
if the veteran does not report at the
time requested.
Interviewers will check to see that
student veterans are aware of the
following provisions of the law:
LEAVE: Each veteran enrolled in
school is entitled to leave time which
accrues at the rate of 21/2 days a
month for every month veteran is in
New Students
To See Library
Those who entered the University
as transfer students this fall will be
given an opportunity to become ac-
quainted with the facilities of the
General Library from 1 to 4 p.m. to-
day.
Tours under the direction of library
staff members will begin at inter-
vals from Room 110, near the west
entrance to the building. An infor-
mative, illustrated talk will be given
each of the groups, and will be fol-
lowed by a conducted tour through
important library departments.
Freshman Engl-ish students were
required to make similar visits to the
library earlier in the term, but , be-
cause of the disorganized nature of
the transfer student group, today's,
special tours were arranged.

training. Time taken for leave is de'-
ducted from veteran's period of en-
titlement for training. Leave will not
be accumulated to an amount in ex-
cess of 30 days.
MARITAL STATUS: To furnish
proof of marriage veterans must sub-
mit a certified copy of marriage cer-
tificate bearing county seal, or a pho-
tostatic copy of marriage certificate
showing county seal. Proof must also
be submitted that there has been no
previous marriage on the part of
either party, or if there was, proof
See VETERANS page 6
Races Clash
In Tennessee
Negroes Flee Town -
In Police Custody
MT. PLBASANT, Tenn., Oct. 17-
(IP)-Two Negroes were started for
Nashville in custody of Maury Coun-
ty officers late today after a crowd
of white men described by Police
Chief Gordon Poore as "a mob" gath-
ered about the City Hall during ques-
tioning of the Negroes about an in-
cident involving themselves and a
white man.
The Negroes first were removed to
Columbia, Maury County Stat, 12
miles from Mt. Pleasant, where Maury
County sheriff Flo Fleming took
charge of them and started for Nash-
ville.
Columbia itself was the scene of a
racial clash last February 25 but
editor John W. Finney of the Colum-
bia Daily Herald said all remained
quiet during the temporary stop of
the Negroes there this afternoon,
"It's a mob and they want the Ne-
groes," Police Chief Poore said here
as the crowd began clustering in
midafternoon about the city hall, in
which the jail is located.
The assemblage-between 50 and
75 men-began d.issolving an hour
later when it was announced the Ne-
groes had been taken out of town.

Arnall Stresses.
South's Desire
For Equality
The South want to be readmitted
to the Union on a basis of equal fel-
lowship and opportunity, Gov. Ellis
Arnall of Georgia said last night in
the opening speech of the 1946-47
Oratorical Association lecture series.
If we are to gain a better and
peaceful world and take our proper
place in world affairs, Gov. Arnall
said, our work must start at home.
We must make of America a nation
where all the people are given a free
and equal opportunity, and where
everyone can take his place in the
system of free, competitive enter-
prise.
The South is a great frontier
for America, and if adequately de-
veloped can bring to the whole na-
tion a degree of prosperity greater
than it has ever known, Gpv. Ar-
nall said.
As part of a six-point program to
develop the full potentials and bring
new vitality, not only to the South,
but to all America, the Southern
governor suggested:
Improvement of educational fa-
cilities and the quality of teaching.
Complete medical facilities for
everyone.
A better balance between agri-
culture and industry, especially in
the South and West. "As long as
these sections remain appendages
attached to a wealthy East," Gov.
Arnall said, "the economy of the
whole nation will suffer." We must
decentralize industry so that every
section can develop its productive
capacity.
Petrillo Wage
Demand Settled
CHICAGO, Oct. 17 - (M - James
C. Petrillo announced late today
agreement on a 3712 per cent wage
increase for musicians who make
recordings had been reached at ne-
gotiations with members of the in-
dustry..
No agreement has been arrived at
in demands for wage boosts for mu-
sicians making electrical transcrip-
tions, Petrillo, President of the AFL
American Federation of Musicians,
said.
Previously Petrillo asserted he had
asked 50 per cent increases for artists
making recordings and transcrip-
tions. An industry representative said
recordings were made principally for
home and juke box use and ran at
the rate of 66 revolutions a minute,
and transerintinns pmm a a fn

'Ceiling To Stay
On Rent, Autos;
Coffee Freed
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct. 17 - A top
level official said tonight that OPA
has set a November 1 deadline for
doing away with most of the remain-
ing price controls on foods, commodi-
ties and services.
This disclosure came as OPA re-
leased all price controls on coffee
and millers argued for lifting ceilings
from flour.
The government official, who
withheld the use of his name, told a
reporter that plans are laid for "an
orderly retreat."
"We are going to carry out the
President's (decontrol) program to
the fullest possible degree," he said,
"but it is not going to be a riot or
chaos."
Ceilings on Rent
"We must keep ceilings on rent.
We also must keep them on automo-
biles,bbuilding materials and certain
durable goods."
Scheduled to stay under ceilings
are many household appliances such
as refrigerators, certain basic cloth-
ing items, furniture and farm imple-
ments.
Removal of OPA controls on coffee
today was cited as an example of
other actions to follow.
Coffee Prices Raised
Coffee prices had been raised so
high under ceilings that it was a fic-
tion to retain controls when supply
came into balance with demand, the
official said.
He related that OPA divisions now
are busy compling a complete list
of all controlled products, both food
and non-food, and listing those onl
which the public spends less than
$75,000,000 a year.
These items will be decontrolled,
the official added, as unimportant
to living or business costs.
Congress had directed that all such
items be freed from ceilings before
January 1 next but the OPA schedule
now calls for action two months
early.
Housing Prices
Remain Fixed
WASHINGTON, Oct. 17- (P) -
Ivan D. Carson, OPA's deputy ad-
ministrator for rents, issued the flat
statement today that "there will be
no general increase in rents."
And just as firmly, housing ex-
pediter Wilson Wyatt said that (1)
price controls will remain on building
materials, (2) the $10,000 ceiling on
new homes for veterans will stand in-
definitely along with rent ceilings on
new houses, and (3) limitations on
non-housing construction will be ex-
tended beyond the end of this year.
At the same time the Civilian Pro-
duction Administration anounced
two programs intended to help meet
the goal of 2,700,000 new living units
started by the end of 1947. One is
an order to channel lumber supplies
into areas where demand is greatest.
The other promised "all possible as-
sistance" to private firms planning
100,000 aluminum factory-built
houses next year,
Leaving a conference with Presi-.
dent Truman at which he reported
on progress of the housing program,
Wyatt told reporters preliminary es-
timates show that about three times
as many dwellings were completed
during September as in January. An
earlier report set January comple-
tions at 28,800. This wdould mean
86,400 homes finished in September
compared with 62,800 in August.

Wyatt said that price controls on
building materials, regulations chan-
neling materials into the hands of
priority holders for veterans housing,
and limitations restricting th e
amount of non-housing construction
"will remain rigidly in effect."
Publications Board
Candidates Chosen
Nine seints rn hnrpnm--f r

IDEA LISM, ENTHUSIASM NEEDED
Arnall Acclaims Lo er Voting Age
A e

By FRANCES PAINE

"The young people of Georgia

Since the 18-year old vote measure

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