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October 12, 1946 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-10-12

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~'M*~ FQTJ~

THE MICHIGAN DATLY

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1948

If

Basis of World Security

THE PARIS PEACE Conference yesterday fin-
ally concluded its work on the Italian treaty,
approving the French compromise proposals for
the government of the Free Teritory of Trieste,
but there was no indication that the distance
between the opposing camps of the Eastern and
Western blocs was any less. 1
Russia and the Balkan states were voted
down 15 to 6 in the balloting on the Trieste
question, and Molotov heatedly attacked the
French compromise as a scheme to keep Trieste
under British and American control. Earlier,
Yugoslavia had charged that Britain and the
U. S. wanted to make a military base of Trieste
"for their future operations."
The discussion of the Italian treaty was
marked all the way through by discord and bick-
ering between Russia and her satellites and the
British-American bloc and its satellites. The
Slav bloc charged that the U. S., had insulted
both France and Yugoslavia during drafting
of the treaty. Sen. Tom Connally made clear
America's stand-pat policy against making any
further concessions in the struggle, and denied
the Slav statement that the governor of Trieste
could be regarded as the agent for "any one
foreign group of powers striving to use Trieste
for their own ends."
Vice-Premier Kardelj of Yugoslavia vehem-
ently stated that the conference majority had
deliberately avoided a just solution and had
"imposed its will by means of a voting machine."
"A decision keeping Yugoslavs out of their
motherland is not only unjust but cannot last,"
he added. The conference has "missed the road
to peace," he said bitterly, and the way must
now be found by the Big Four's foreign min-
isters.
In the midst of this maze of mutual dis-
trust - we may even say, mutual hatred -
one sane voice stands out. It is that of Pre-
NIGHT EDITOR: CLYDE RECHT
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

mier Jan Christian Smuts, who can always be
depended upon to rise above conflicting inter-
ests and give a wise, sensible assessment of a
situation.
In an address during the last week of de-
liberations on the Italian treaty, Smuts warned
the victor nations against dividing into two
camps and making the conference "a signal of
new dangers to come." "One main feature of
the conference," he said, "has been disappoint-
ing and discouraging to those who look beyond
the present. In debate and outlook a cleavage
has been revealed which, if not cleared up and
removed, may bode ill for the future of this'
conference and for world peace.
"Those who scan the debates and votes will
be struck by the constancy with which those
whom I may call the Slav group on the one
hand, and the Western group on the other,
have voted against each other. It has been the
revelation of this conference. In importance it
may yet come to overshadow the conference
itself."
Smuts pointed out that the apparent dif-
ference between East and West is .largely the
aftermath of wartime enemy propaganda, and
that the misfortune is that in the press and
propaganda undue stress is laid on the differ-
ences because they are more exciting to the
public. He cited the final compromise reached
on the Trieste question and the work of the
Italian and Austrian delegations in settling
the difficult problem in the South Tyrol as
examples of "dealing satisfactorily with the
human problems of this most radically di-
vided continent."
It may sound like undue optimism to hope,
with Premier Smuts, for a time when "there will
be neither East nor West and each will enjoy
in peace the particular faith or ideology which
suits his type of mind and outlook." However,
it is more than a vague hope for sometime in
the future; it is a vital necessity for the pres-
ent. If we are to gain any measure of world se-
curity, if the Paris peace conference is not to
be "the overture to bigger struggles," we must
strive to understand and be actively tolerant to
all ideologies, and bring this understanding and
tolerance into action in settling the immediate
problems of the time.
-Frances Paine

_..r.,

o Cl6Ler O the 6kt0iICO

Education and Teaching
To The Editor:
ET HIM who dares to teach, never cease to
learn" has always been one of my favorite
quotations, even though I still am unable to
credit it to any author. Its significance, it seems
to me, should be noted by every student here on
campus.
As I glance through several copies of The Daily
that I have before me I notice a great many big
names such as Byrnes, Ickes, and most pertinent
at this time, Wallace. These names are connected
with ideas and facts that are being read by
everybody today. These men are leaders in their
respective fields. Therefore we may look to men
of business, writing, government and every other
field as teachers.
In the final analysis every person is in some
way a teacher, but we are inclined to look to the
university graduates as the big leaders in the
world, the future teachers of the people as a
whole. From The Daily, as well as all other news-
papers, I can find only confusion and doubt in
regard to most issues of national importance.
Therefore it strikes me that there is some defi-
ciency in the way that we college students are
learning.
Now I speak for the lowly civilian student. I
think that the veterans have learned something
that we shall never learn, God willing. In view
of what they have done there seems only one
thing that we can do. We must learn as much as
we can now and continue to grow in our learning
so that we may go out and teach in every phase
of business.
I suggest that we all take the above quotation
to heart and absorb as much of the worthwhile
education that Michigan has to offer and pre-
pare to go out and teach. This world has a lot
to learn!
-Ruth Cook
IT SO HAPPENS
e Every Fact Documented
Mason Hall Necromancy
ONE OF OUR associates who indulges him-
- self with philosophy classes brought forth
the following bit. It seems that a rather ab-
stract question was being debated in his class
this week. And one of the students had a point
he wished clarified.
The student started humbly, "I'm not sure
that I understand my own question .
At this, a swami-like smile flickered across
the Master Philosopher's countenance. "I'll ex-
plain it to you after you ask it," he accommo-
dated.
Political Puree and Junket
A FRIEND OF OURS mentioned recently that
he believes he would be a more happy per-
son if he became a communist. When we
asked the obvious - why he doesn't do so-
he answered coyly,
"I can't change my mind fast enough."
* 'I' * *

Psychological Stand
To the Editor:
CERTAINLY no one can doubt the authenticity
of most of the comments made by Mr. R. H.
Markham in his lecture Sunday evening a week
ago on Russia in the Balkans. No one will dis-
agree that Russia' is presently a dictatorship
and is using autocratic methods in its affairs
in the Balkans. What was surprising, however,
was that in all of Mr. Markham's statements
and in all the subsequent questions asked by
the audience there was not a solitary attempt
to understand Russia's position and to wonder
why she should feel it necessary to create a
sphere of influence in Europe.
Before following a policy of "getting tough
with Russia" advocated by Mr. Byrnes, Mr.
Markham, and other "sincere liberals" who evi-
dently find themselves in somewhat of a dilem-
ma, certain basic points must be recognized by
all who would have an intelligent foreign policy.
1. A policy of being "firm" with any nation
is very likely by a stream of circumstances un-
foreseen at present to lead to war with that
nation.
2. Until the present any nation could have
survived war and often in our history it was
not too much of a price to pay for certain val-
ues in life. Another world war, however, with
the use of Atomic Power would be so destruc-
tive to our civilization that EVERY MEANS AT
OUR COMMAND MUST BE EXERCISED TO
PREVENT SUCH A WAR.
3. We must do everything we can to under-
stand why Russia feels insecure in Eastern Eur-
ope and why she must feel this desperate need
for a defensive sphere of influence.
4. We must at all costs not condone Russia's
methods in the Balkans and even in Russia it-
self. But before we put such a condemnation
into warlike action let us wipe our own slate
clean and stop asking for our own peculiar
brand of spheres of influence. Our more ethic-
ally correct method in achieving this does not
justify us.
5. We must stop defending Great Britain's
imperialistic activities in the face of our "firm"
policy with Russia. While we are being firm why
not be filrm with Great Britain?
Certainly we should take a "firm" stand
against imperialisn and "despotic interference"
in the affairs of smaller nations by larger na-
tions. But how can we effectively take a stand
against such measures, on a psychological not
on a warlike plane, until both Great Britain and
ourselves stop building our own spheres of in-
fluence in all parts of the world. Who knows
that once this is done we may find it unneces-
sary for Russia to feel insecure in the world,
and the Russian people who certainly do not
want war might understand what we're driving
at.
-Capt. Gabriel D. Ofiesh

I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Vital Struggles
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
AMERICAN LIBERALISM is fighting for its
life in the coming Congressional elections,
and the question before the republic is whether
this warm, human, sometimes exuberant and
naive, but always progressive and idealistic
movement is going to continue as a settled trend
in American life, or whether it is going to be
knocked off the national stage for a term of
years, anywhere from two to ten to forever. To
put it another way, the issue is whether we can
hope ever again to have a resourceful, optimis-
tic government, capable of grinning a cockeyed
American grin right into the teeth of trouble,
and planning a way out. Maybe we can't. May-
be there is no liberal movement. Maybe there
never was; maybe Roosevelt was just a flash in
the pan. But these are among the issues to be
decided in the coming Congressional elections.
It is important for liberals to understand that
the issue is whether the liberal movement in A-
merica is going to run governments, or only little
magazines. The liberal (usually northern) who,
because of recent events, announces that he is
disgusted, that he is fed up, that he no longer
cares, is, of course, helping to decide the issue.
When he leaves the Democratic party, either to
flirt with a third party idea, or to holler at
Harry, or for a spell of settled non-feasance at
the nearest bar, he does, in effect, what Repub-
licans and conseivative Southern Democrats
want him to do.
It has been a settled feature of both Repub-
lican and conservative Democratic policy to dis-
credit and oust the liberal wing of the Demo-
cratic party; it is for this that Republican edi-
tors have wept that the great old Democratic
party (which they loathe) has been taken over
by wild men and hairy radicals from the North.
The discouraged liberal, who leaves the Demor
cratic party does so with the blessing of the Re-
publican party and of the conservative Demo-
crats. He crowns their success in capturing Mr.
Truman; this is what they want the liberal to
do, and he does not displease them as he plods
his way toward minority organization and
oblivion.
In this decision, too, the liberal will have the
complete approval of many Republicans and
most conservative Democrats; for leaders in both
groups are in favor of any development which
tends to exile liberalism from the big leagues,
which makes it seem minor league, irregular, ec-
centric, or bizarre; they vastly prefer this to
seeing liberalism safely ensconced in one of the
major parties, and, occasionally, in control of it.
Conservatives understand, even if liberals
do not, that the issue is whether liberalism is
to continue as an established, major trend in
our American life, or whether it is to subside
after its one big flare-up. In a sense, the fight
between Republicans and Democrats is today,
at least on the national level, a kind of sham
battle; the real struggle is between conserva-
tives in both parties and Northern and West-
ern liberal Democrats; and you do not need
three guesses as to who wins if the liberals
go off mooning by themselves.
And since the great conservative push has
been precisely this, to deprive liberalism of sta-
tus, to make it seem special and irregular,
whacky, Communistic, or whatever, the issue of
whether liberalism is viable is going to be set-
tled by its ability to organize for local victories,
largely in the Democratic, partly in sections of
the Republican, party. Liberalism is fighting
for a permanent lease of space on the American
scene, fighting for the right to be a familiar
of all out tomorrows, rather than a fondly re-
membered transient.
The struggle is in the highest degree im-
portant and dramatic, too, to every American
who knows a bit of his country's history; and
the liberal of courage who sticks is out now
is worth a dozen cry-babies carrying their
wounds and hurts to the nearest corner.
(Copyright 1946, by the N.Y. Post Syndicate)
52-20 Club
Don't blame the 52-20 boys.
Low-boiling-point editorialists have foolishly

loosed the full flow of their corrosive denuncia-
tion in berating the members of the,52-20 club,
the former servicemen who are doing nothing
but draw $20 a week from the government for
52 weeks.
It should not be particularly surprising or
unexpected that several hundred thousand ex-
G. I.'s, who were lauded so enthusiastically dur-
ing the war as "our valiant fihting men in the
service of our country," are now content to sit
back and let the country give them $20 a week.
It didn't take long for inductees to learn
that initiative and hard work don't pay off in
the Army. They soon realized that it was much
easier and just as effective to try to get by with
the least amount of effort. They developed new
capacities for bitterness and cynicism which
they expressed by saying: "Take as much as you
can get because you'll never be repaid in full
measure."
Then "veteran vote"-conscious politicians
chartered the 52-20 Club by enacting the law
which gave birth to the club. The law pro-
vided for a handout, pure and simple, to men
who had learned the hard way that industry
and initiative don't count, and to take all they
could get.
The 52-20 Club is the natural product of
vote-hungry politicians and ex-G. I.'s whose
values have been warped by service experiences.
-Stuart Finlayson

Publication in The Daily Official Bul-
letin is constru ive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Assistant to the
President, Room 1021Angell Hall,tby 3:30
p.m. on the day preceding publication
(11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 17
Notices
Women's Housing Applications for
the Spring Semester, 1947:
1. Women students now living in
dormitories are reminded that their
present contracts extend through the
spring semester, 1947. Requests for
release will be considered by the Of-
fice of the Dean of Women only until
Jan. 10, 1947.
2. Women students wishing to re-
main in the same League Houses they
now occupy may request the house-
mothers for spring contracts imme-
diately. Women students now living
in League Houses who wish to move
to other League Houses for the spring
semester may secure application
forms from the Office of the Dean of
Women beginning Nov. 1, 1946.
Between Nov. 1 and 15, those appli-
cants will be referred to the first va-
cancies available for the spring se-
mester.
4. New women students not now on
campus admitted to the University
for the spring semester will be given
the opportunity to apply for supple-
mentary housing through the Office
of the Dean of Women, beginning
Nov. 15, 1946.
(It is not possible to accept new
dormitory applications for the spring
semester, 1947, either from women
now on campus or from women ad-
mitted to the University.)
Women's Housing Applications for
the Fall Semester, 1947:
1. Women students living in dormi-
tories in the spring semester, 1947,
who wish to remain in the dormitor-
ies for the fall and spring semesters
of 1947-48, must file renewal forms
with Housing Directors during the
week of Mar. 3, 1947. No renewals
will be accepted after Mar. 10, 1947.
2. Women students on campus in
the spring semester, 1947, not living
in dormitories who would like to ap-
ply for dormitory accommodations
for the fall and spring semesters of
1947-48, may do so at the Office of
the Dean of Women on Apr. 1, 1947,
and will be accepted up to the number
of spaces reserved for non-freshmen.
3. Women tentatively admitted to
the University with advanced stand-
ing for the fall semester, 1947, may
apply for supplementary housing, be-
ginning Nov. 15, 1946, and will be re-
ferred for definite reservations after
Apr. 15, 1947.
4. Women tentatively admitted to
the University as freshmen for the
fall semester 1947, may apply for
dormitory accommodations beginning
Nov. 15, 1946, and will be accepted
up to the number of spaces reserved
for freshmen.
5. Women students on campus in
the spring semester, 1947, may apply
for supplementary housing for the
fall semester, 1947, at the Office of
the Dean of Women.
(Dormitory applications will be ac-
cepted only from those women stu-
dents whom the Office of the Dean
of Women expects to be able to ac-
commodate in dormitories, Others
will be instructed immediately to ap-
ply for supplementary housing. Stu-
dents may apply for only one type of
housing.)

Keep your hands to yourself
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Lectures
All Air Corps Reserve Officers
should attend RQA meeting Tues.,
Oct. 15, at 7:00 p.m., Michigan Union,
for further details with regard to
their bonus.
University Lecture: G e o r g e s
Connes, Dean of the Faculty of Let-
ters, University of Dijon, France, will
speak on the subject, "A French City
under the Nazis," at 4:15 p.m., Mon.,
Oct. 14, in the Rackham Amphithea-
ter; auspices of the Department of
Romance Languages.
Academic Notices
History Final Examination Make-
Up: Fri., Oct. 18, at 4:00 p.m. Rm. C,
Haven Hall. Students must come
with written permission of instructor.
German Departmental Library
Hours, Fall Term: 1:30-4:30 p.m.
Mon. through Fri. 8:00-12:00 a.m.
Sat., 204 University Hall.
Mathematics 300: The Orientation
seminar will meet Mon., Oct. 14, at
7:00 p.m. in Rm. 3001 Angell Hall.
Concerts
Faculty Recital: Andrew B. White,
baritone, Professor' of Voice in the
School of Music, will present a pro-
gram at 8:30 Tuesday evening, Oct.
15, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
Program: Compositions by Richard
Strauss, a group of French songs, the
aria Salome! Salome! from Mas-
senet's "Herodiade," five English
songs by Rachmaninoff, Robert Mac-
Gimsey, Deems Taylor, and Maurice
Barow. The public is invited.
Carillon Recital: By Sidney F.
Giles, Assistant Carillonneur, at 3:00
Sunday afternoon, Oct. 14. Program:
Prelude and Fugue by Franssen, Ave
Marie, by Schubert, Consolation by
Mendelssohn; Pizzicato by DeLibes,
Theme with Variations by Haydn;
Tempo di gavotta e double di tempo
by Willen de Fesch, First Fantasia by
Benoit, and Chaconne by Durand.
Events Today
The Art Cinema League presents
"PROUD VALLEY," a fine British
drama based on the mining valleys of
Wales starring singing Paul Robeson
and a large cast tonight at 8:30. Res-
ervations phone 6300.
Dr. Carl Henry, of the Northern
Baptist Theological Seminary in Chi-
cago, will speak at a supper-discus-
sion meeting Saturday at 6:00 in
Lane Hall. For reservations call 4121
Ext. 2148 before 10:00 Saturday
morning.
Open House: Methodist students
and friends will meet in the Pine
Room after the game today.
The Westminster Guild will meet
after the game at the First Presby-
terian Church. Supper will be served
about 5:30 p.m.
Open house: B'nai B'rith Hillel
will hold open house after the game.
Coming Events
The Sociedad Hispanica invites you
to meet for a coke and informal
Spanish conversation in the Grill
Room of the League at 4:00 p.m. on
Mon., Oct. 14.
Russky Kruzhok, Russian Circle,
will not hold a meeting this Monday.
The next meeting will be held Mon.,
Oct. 21.
The Wesleyan Guild will meet at
5:30 Sunday afternoon in the Meth-
odist Church. Prof. Bennett Weaver
of the English Dept., will speak on
"The Values of Life." Worship, a so-

Aliaskan
Statehood
FOR ECONOMIC and military rea-
sons Alaska has become increas-
ingly vital to the UnitedStates. These
factors should be considered carefully
when discussion of Alaskan state-
hood comes up at the next session of
Congress.
President Truman and Secretary
of Interior Krug have expressed favor
of statehood for Alaska. The yesults
of the referendum in the territory
held this week indicate that the peo-
ple voted almost two to one for
Alaska to becomesthe 49th state.
Congress now must make the final
decision. They should consider both
the best interests of Alaska and the
country as a whole.
The military importance of Alaska
cannot be overestimated. It is stra-
tegically placed at the gateway to the
American held Arctic area and is di-
rectly across the Bering Strait from
Russia. Military leaders believe that
any long range attack on this country
is likely to come from the Arctic and
this area is being forfeited to prevent
such offensive.
However, since the hope of the
world is for peace and if such a
hope is realized, strategic military
bases such as Alaska will not need'
to be developed, one should take a
look at the other desirable features
of this area.
Alaska is a sparsely populated, un-
developed area with a promise for a
great future. It is an opportunity
for Americans to conquer another
wilderness. And this wilderness is
rich.
The mineral resources of Alaska
are large and varied and afford great
promise for future industrialization.
Gold, coal, limestone, iron, platinum,
mercury, antimony and tin are among
those now mined in limited quanti-
ties.
At present the leading Alaskan in-
dustry is sea food, but even here room
for further expansion exists. Re-
sources of agriculture, forests and
furs are waiting to be tapped.
Among the questions involved in
statehood are those concerning the
tax problem for the area, home rule
and civic improvements. Proponents
contend that Alska would be able to
retain more of the wealth produced
in the area for her own improvement
if she were given statehood. In ad-
dition, Alaska would be made more
attractive to settlers.
Those in the territory who oppose
statehood base their objections on
the grounds that they would be sub-
ject to a number of taxes from which
they are now exempt. Statehood in-
volves responsibilities as well as bene-
fits, but the majority of the people
seem willing to accept this.
There are, of course, drawbacks to
development, but these are no great-
er than those that confronted the
early settlers and industrializers of
the United States. By taking Alaska
into the Union, we would merely be
carrying out the tradition of bring-
ing new territories under the consti-
tution as they develop.
Alaska, it is true, is not a con-
tiguous area in relation to the.rest
of the country, but distance no
longer lends the barriers of former
times. Alaska is far closer in time
to any part of the country than
California was to New York or New
England in 1850.
Congress can, by acting favorably
in regard to Alaskan statehood, pave
the way for further developments of
this area and other vital territories
of the United States.. There is still a
great deal of room for growth and
expansion in the American economy.
-Phyllis L. Kaye
W~orld flank

POLICIES that will guide the oper-
ations of the World Bank and
International Monetary Fund
through their first year of actual op-
erations are now being formulated
in Washington.
Weeks will go by, however, before
the Bank is ready to finance recon-
struction loans for member countries,
and it will be months before the world
can judge the effectiveness of the two
institutions created to strengthen and
stabilize international finances.
-World Report
Fifty-Seventh Year
Edited and managed by students of the
University of Michigan under the author-
ity of the Board in Control of Student
Publications.
Editorial Staff
Robert Goldman........Managing Editor
Milton Freudenheim....Editorial Director
Clayton Dickey.................City Editor
Mary Brush..............Associate Editor
Ann Kutz.................Associate Editor
Paul Harsha...............Associate Editor
Clark Baker..................Sports Editor
Joan Wilk.................Women's Editor
Lynne Ford......Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Robert E. Potter.......Business Manager
Evelyn Mills... Associate Business Manager
Janet Cork.... Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1

I

I

fl

iI.

I

BARNABY
Gentlemen-We are gathered together to I had my hand up first- Let's play school
write a syllabus for our schools. . . To Leave us discuss O'Malley, do you frown .. .,_I-.R ..n.. outside, Barnaby.

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