ri sI vi ti
E CHIiESE GOVERNMENT has come
>me up with a money-making scheme
makes income taxes look silly.
cording to a spokesman for the central
diittee of the United Nations Relief and
,bilitation Administration, the Chinese
'nment has requested permission to ped-
200,000,000 worth of UNRRA supplies on
lack market in order to raise money to
lize the inflated national currency.
e merits of the proposed deal may be
but they deserve mention. Representa-
Judd (Rep., Minn.) said, "It's been done
her countries." lIe added, however, that
7be China is just seeking world sanction
iat she realized is a pretty reprehensible
ice." If so, we must admire the will-
ess of the Chinese government to call
cards and put the whole obnoxious
osition on a businesslike basis.
old-blooded calculation and extraord-
y financial measures can often be ex-
4 in a government faced by disastrous
ation. -And it is reasonable to expect
many observers, cynical from long
erience, will be equally objective about
whole affair. Many of us will be in-
sted to see if the Chinese Government
as well in the black market as the
ler operators we have come to know so
here in the United States.
ie of the most important points to be.
i into account, however, is the discrep-
between the alleged purpose of the
s to be raised and the major purpose
torials published in The Michigan Daily
written by members of The Daily staff
represent the views of the writers only.
,HT EDITOR: STUART FINLAYSON
r ey Scheme
of all funds currently available to the Kuo-
mintang. It has been conservatively esti-
mated that at least GO per cent of the funds
available to the Nationalist government
from any source are used to finance Chiang
Kai-Shek's all-out war on the Communists.
There is little reason to believe that any ad-
ditional funds raised by China will not be
at least proportionately allocated to the
fight against the Reds.
However the UNRRA may feel about Com-
munists in general and Chinese Reds in par-
ticular, it is hard to see how the committee
can justifiably approve the request of the
The use of UNRRA funds is supposed to
be limited to the "relief and rehabilita-
tion" of war victims. More money in the
hands of either of the present govern-
ments in China might easily create plenty
of war victims but would certainly not re-
habilitate them to any extent.
Senator Lucas (Dem., Ill.) has suggested
that a lan or some credit would be far
more consistent with our "high moral and
legal standards." He said he couldn't see
how the government could admit it was
"permitting its goods to go into the black
market for the purpose of bolstering China's
It looks as though the Chinese request
may cause quite a diplomatic tussle. The
UNRRA central committee will absorb its
share of diplomatic blows. It must not,
however, lose sight of the whole purpose
of its organization-aid to the "little man"
who was caught in the middle of a war
he knew nothing about-the man who is
now struggling to rebuild his life, and his
family and home.
This latest unprecedented proposition
sounds pretty much like just another stabl
in the back for that "little man."
British Labor Status
PD RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
PRAGUE-The train stops at Nuremberg
and the passengers from Paris gather at
the window to look at the Germans waiting
on the platform. "I sometimes wonder,"
says a Czech, "whether I would feed a hun-
gry German baby or not. I turn the question
over in my mind and it disturbs me be-
cause I cannot decide." The Germans wait-
ing on the platform for some local train do
not seem like an American crowd. It may
be because they do not move; they stand
where they are. "They look defeated," says
a Frenchman. "Do not judge by expres-
sion," says the Czech. "If they had won
and they looked just the same, you would
say they looked arrogant."
In the dining car a Frenchman who is
breaking up a cigarette to fill his pipe, sits
opposite an American who is pain-stakingly
rolling a cigarette from pipe tobacco. "No,"
says the Frenchman, "Americans are not
very polite to the French. They are polite
to others, but they are not polite to the
French. I have a friend who had to go into
the American zone on business. He was
wearing an American Army blouse which
he had obtained, naturally, during the
American campaign. The American officials
made him cut the American military buttons
off and he had to go home unbuttoned."
Germany is snow-covered; the sun
shines on it though It did not on Paris,
and from the sleeping car aisle, one can
see the bombed houses, opening wide to
the sky and showing all they have. The
Czech is still trying to decide about babies.
"I once knew a German prisoner of war,"
he says, "and I asked him whether he
would kill a baby if his commanding offi-
cer told him to do so. He saidHifit was an
order it would not be his responsibility.
That is why I am glad when I ride through
Germany and see the ruined cities." Then
he adds, "But it is also the heart of Eur-
ope." He wrestles with his problem, trying
to add things that won't add.
"Do you think England will survive?"
suddenly asks a man of indeterminate na-
tionality, standing beside him. It might
seem an abrupt question anywhere, but here,
beside the destroyed cities, it seems as sensi-
ble as any other question, as sensible as any
other conversation on this side of the moon.
He says he thinks England will survive be-
cause Englishmen are stubborn. It turns
out the other man is not interested in the
question in an abstract political sense; he
wants to select a country to which to try
to move and set up in business. He is a man
alone, picking among nations as one might
among department stores and stopping peo-
ple in the aisle to ask about the future of
Back in the dining car, the VI'enchman is
having difficulty paying for his meal; it
seems he has with him some wrong species
of occupation currency, and at once he wilts.
He is reduced to that awful fiat nothingness
to which a man in Europe descends instant-
ly today if he lacks the right bit if paper,
currency, or visa. He is saved by a compli-
cated three-way transaction about his money
among the bystanders. "You are all very
nice," he says looking out of the window,
lost in paper shame, Europe's new agony.
"I did not mean to eat so much," he says,
"but it has not been easy to buy food late-
ly where I live." ,
In the corridor the two men still argue
about Britain; their voices rise. An Amer-
ican breaks in to say about Czech border
"You are an American, you are all
right," says the Czech. "Nobody in the
world bothers an American." He smiles
as he says it but it is a smile one can read
a couple of ways.
The train carrying the winners rolls on
through the country of the losers. It is bet-
ter to be among the winners, too; there can
never be any mistake about that, it is much
better. But one feels that all the wreckage
is not in the land outside, that some of it
is inside the train, some of the wreckage
that war makes is being carried on the train
of the winners as it rolls, northward now,
toward the lights and the questions of
(Copyright, 1947, New York Post Corp.)
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints EVERY letter to the editor
(which is siired, 304). words or less
in length, and in good taste) we re-
mind our readers that the views ex-
pressed in citers are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted At the discretion of the edi-
* * *
Re Leale Letter ,,.
To the Editor:
One of our students, namely Mr.
Leake, has stated that he does not
believe the cormittee of Academic
Freedom is necessary and that
there 'should be an investigation
of radical activities on campus.
He also seems to be under the
false impression that the commit-
tee is supposed to represent him.
The committee doesn't represent
anyone particularly or any group.
It is a group of people who feel
that academic freedom is being
threatened. Their reasons for be-
lieving this, as I see it, are ex-
The function of education is to
come as close to the truth as pos-
sible. There must be room for
all opinions and all philosophies
so that the student may chose
what he believes to be the truth
after seeing- all sides. If there is
7m:Re. : .Pat. Off.--All rights reserved
"If you are a waiter I want a Martinin, and if yot
this is my new husband."
are a columnist
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
By EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER
YEAR AGO in London, Mr. Bevin, Brit-
ain's smart, out-spoken Minister of Hou-
r, predicted to me his country's present
4scoursing freely after a good dinner in
house of a friendly physician, Mr. Bevin
[V's bound to come. Admittedly, our min-
machinery is out of date, our coal miners
tired and mostly too young or too old.
Aish Labor expects more money and a
of a let-up after victory over the fascists
ad and the Tories at home. But you've
to get down deeper. The foot of the
ible is that our people no longer accept
drudgery of mining coal.
Certain trades have become too disa-
able. Coal mining is one and making
ks is another."
As often happens, Mr. Bevin was right.
itain's present distress is no odlnar'y
tress. Britain's prosperity rests on in-
'try. Industry depends directly on coal.
oe time ritain' coal output was the
rdls greatest. In 1919, it was still the
atest in Europe. Now it has fallen ca-
4rophically. Unless plenty of coal is
uiced, Britain's world position is doom-
Threat of such a catastrophe may well
ake the Labor Party out of office. This-
happily, I say-would ruin the world's
t 4ttwm t to aniry s$efalsm with per-
a socialist government is to survive in
Wn, it must find some way of persuading
0eople to continue mining coal whether
miners enjoy it or not. If Labor fails
, the socialist government will give
e to something else.
ad the British people simply decided
, come what might, they would no longer
nit to the dangerous and disagreeable
pline of mining coal, tritain's situation
ld be pretty hopeless.
)rtunately - despite MWr. Bevin - they
e not. The proof is that during the war,
ain's over and underage miners kept coal
he explanation is obvious. By feeling and
ig as partners in Britannia, Inc. With
r country fighting for its existence, Brit-
miners like all other British workers,
aside personal preference and trade
n habits, forgot youth inexperience and
iness of age-and got out the coal.
afore the war had ended, the Labor Party
a smashing electoral victory. A Labor
net found itself immediately facing a
l task of restoration, renewal ahd re-
L. One might have hoped that the heroic
ish workers would have continied to
themselves not only partners in Britan-
Inc., but majority share holders. The
itry was theirs to administer. Its well-
g, its very existence depended on their
ty to feel and acts as managers. British
rs, notably, had, as in wartime, to go on
king of themselves not as merchants of
r but as responsible partners. Since coal
desperately needed, they had to continue
-ICING WINDSHIELDS, perennial win-
er problem in both aircraft and utomo-
is attempted in a new way, by direct
nt heat, in a device on which US pat-
2,414,520 has been granted to H. A.
nwald of Hollywood, Calif. He has as-
a ar ,+.c nn.arv+rih ctolaa T1 %Ara .Air
Letters to t'
working at an occupation many were finding
The present British crisis seems to show
that this has not happened. British coal
production has fallen to a perilous low.
Deficient production in key industries,
strikes against the government, these spell
the ruin of socialism.
Last week this same question arose in
the United States. In the course of an
argument before a Sente Committee,
Governor Stassen clashed with Senator
Bail. Stassen insisted that labor is not
a commodity, Ball insisted that labor is
Actually, both are right. Union leaders
in America emphatically support Stassen-
verbally. But in their deeds they justify
Senator Ball. For current trade union prac-
tices are only natural and right if a man's
labor is simply a- commodity to be sold at
the highest possible price like any other.
In this case, the striving for labor mono-
poly is as normal as any other monopoly.
The limitation of apprentices, the closed
shop, the slow-down "feather-bedding," be-
came proper bargaining weapons. The tem-
porary withholding of labor (strikes), the
concentration on giving the best for the
most-regardless of consequences-just us-
ual commercial practices.
Natural, too, is the relative indifference to
volume of production.
On the 'other hand, once workmen come
to consider themselves partners in a com-
mon enterprise, then such practices look
different. Then anything that restricts pro-
duction'is mischief and use of labor mono-
poly to extract more at the expense of work-
er partners is anti-social.
The question is, which role is labor in a
free society going to choose? For in Britain,
it is being demonstrated that under a social-
ist government, labor cannot be both com-
modity and partner. Can it anywhere?'
Therefore, the importance of what is hap-
pening in Britain concerns free labor every-
where. Let us by all means continue the
(Copyright 1947, Press Alliance, Inc.)
(Continued from Page 2)
park in restricted areas, the whole
system of control breaks down.
The driving permits. issued to
students by the Office of Student
Affairs, do not entitle the holders
to park in any restricted parking
area, except for those students who
are physically incapacitated to
whom campus permit plates have
It is the sincere hope of the
committee, to which the Univer-
sity Council has delegated the re-
sponsibility of administering the
rules with respect to parking, that
a thoughtful respect for the rights
of the others may ease the prob-
lem for all.
Robert C. Angell, Walter M. Roth,
R. P. Briggs, Herbert G. Watkins
University Committee on Parking
Graduate Students: Courses
may not be elected for credit after
the end of the second fall week of
the semester. Courses may be
dropped after this period only with
the approval of the student's ad-
viser and his instructor in the
course and will appear on the rec-
ord as dropped. Courses dropped
after the first eight weeks of the
semester will be recorded with a
grade of E.
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts:
Courses may not be elected for
credit after the end of the second
week. Friday, February 21, is
therefore the last day on which
new elections may be approved.
The willingness of an instructor to
admit a student later will not
affect the operation of this rule.
Any students who have copies
of Timoshenko and Young's "En-
gineering Mechanics" who are not
using them at present, are re-
quested to bring their copy to the
Engineering Mechanics office, Rm.
411-A, West Engineering Bldg.,
for temporary loan to students in
E.m. 1 and E.M. 3, who are un-
able to get a text.
State of Michigan Civil Service
announcement for graduate Bac-
teriologists has been received at
the Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information, 201
Positions require either one year
of. experience in a medical labora-
tory and college graduation with
specialization in bacteriology; or
an equivalent of experience and
training. Monthly salary-mini-
mum $200, maximum $240.
For further information, call
the Bureau of Appointments, Ex-
Out of State Superintendents at
the Bureau of Appointments:
John Branigan, Superintendent
of Schools in Redlands, California,
will meet with candidates inter-
ested. in teaching in that city at
9 a.m., Mon., Feb. 24, Rm. 202
George Kibby, Superintendent
in Needles, California, will meet
those interested in that city at
9:30 a.m., the same morning in the
same room. Mr. Kibby has va-
cancies inmelementary grades at
all levels, and in music, art, and
shop on the secondary level.
The President and Dean of Lin-
coln College in Lincoln, Illinois,
wish to interview candidates for
the following positions on Monday,
February 24, in our office-Eng-
ish, Business Education, and a Li-
brarian for 1947-1948. Positions in
Summer School June 9 to August
30 are available in German and
French, Comparative Anatomy and
Physiology, and Physics.
For appointments with any of
the above call Miss Briggs, xten-
Interesting opportunities for po-
sitions are open in the public
schools of Pueblo and Denver, Col-
orado; in the United States In-
dian Service Schools in North Da-
kota, South Dakota, Nebraska,
Wyoming and Montana.
Toledo, Ohio, is now making up
its eligibility list for teachers in
1947-1948. Applications should be
filed within the next two weeks.
Business of Appointments and
Emergency ("Victory") Gardens:
Members of the faculty and
other employees of the University
who desire space for a vegetable
garden at the Botanical Garden
this spring should send a written
request for it to Mr. O. E. Roszel,
'Storehouse Section of the Plant
Department. Requests must be
made by the end of March, and
must be accompanied by one dol-
lar as a contribution toward the
expense of plowing the land.
When the garden plots are ready
for use, the fact will be announced
in this bulletin. At that time the
gardeners may learn their plot
numbers by phoning to Mr. Ros-
Each plot will be assigned with
the understanding that it will be
used to full capacity for raising
vegetables, that it will be kept 'free
from weeds, and that waste matter
will be cleared away in the fall.
Water may be used on the gar-
dens if carried from the faucets in
cans of pails, but the use of hose is
prohibited. No tools will be fur-
nished by the University.
Particular care must be taken
that no property of the Botanical
Garden be molested. Dogs are not
allowed in the garden.
University Community Center:
Willow Run Village.
Thurs., Feb. 20, 1:30-5 p.m.,
Artists will hang their own art
works for the Willow Run Vil-
lage Art Exhibit; 8 p.m., Exten-
sion Class in Psychology; 8 p.m.
Fri., Feb. 21, 8 p.m., Organiza-
tion meeting for all new Univer-
sity Extension Classes-Spanish,
French, American Literature, Gr-
man conversation, Psychology (In-
terpersonal Relations); 8:30 p.m.
Contract bridge. Duplicate bridge.
Music for dancing.
University Lecture: Padraic Co-
lum, poet and dramatist, will
speak on the subject, "The Poetry
of William Butler Yeats," at 4:15
p.m., Fri., Feb. 21, Rackham Am-
phitheatre; auspices of the De-
partment of English Language and
Literature. The public is cordially
Algebra Seminar: Fri., Feb. 21,
3201 Angell Hall. Miss Davidson
will speak on "Frobenian Algebras
and Their Generalizations."
Seminar in Applied Mathe-
matics (Math. 348): First meeting
is postponed until further notice.
Mathematies Seminar on Sto-
chastic Processes: 4 p.m., Thurs.,
Feb. 20, 317 W. Engineering. Prof.
E. H. Rothe will present Feller's
paper on stochastic processes.
The Remedial Reading Class
will meet at 4 p.m., Thurs., Rm.
231 Angell Hall.
Busines Administratio 123:
The following is a list of the stu-
dents for Business Adfl nistration
123 and the hours they will at-
tend class. Classes will be held in
the East Lecture Room, Rackham
Members of the Class Meeting
Tuesday and Thursday at 3:0.
Beyer, Edith May; Blair, Ber-
r ard L.; Broutman, Stanfofd A.;
Cantrick, George A.; Casey, Thom-
as Francis Jr.; Coates, Audry L.;
Craig, Robert T.; Crane, Leonard
R.;. Hunter, Mary Francev; Kem-
mish, James V.; Lawson, Robert
S.; Lillie, Hugh D.; Major, Louis;
Mattison, Donald Kellner; Mer-
rill, Mary Maxine; Mlinaz, Stephen
W.; North, Evelyn Kurtz; O'Daur-
rell, Jacques; Rasor, Dale William;
Rizzardi, Frank G.; Ruth, Nor-
man D.; Scott, Lawrence I. Jr.;
Sexauer, Loren D. Jr.; Shpritzer,
Saul H.; Stegman, John C.; Van-
denberg, Phyllis; Walker, Billie
Huston;. Weiss, Leonard' B.; Za-
vodnik, Edward F.
Members of the Class Meeting
on Tuesday and Thisday at 4:00
Ainslie, William Earl; Aselin,
Louis St. Onge; Blackwood, James
R.; Cullum, Charles J.; Daugher-
ty, L. Carrel; Ehnerd, Mary Jac-
quelyn; Finlayson, Robert M.;
Flott, Robert Fleming; Forsyth,
Earl; Garritsen, Florence Mildred;
Gartner, Maurice Fred Jr.; Gold-
berg, Louis L.; Gray, Barbara;
Gray, John C.; Hathaway, Rodney
C.; Husemann, Edward J.; Kay,
Charles Herbert; Kerr, Jarries S.;
Kipper, John Robert; Mack, Ar-
thur W.; Lorion, Robert H.; Mac-
pherson, Nancy; McCluskie, Rob-
ert S.; McNulty, Edward H.; Mas-
sie, Paul R:.; Merriman, Eleanor
Louise; Meschke, Robert E.; Mui-
mey, James F.; O'Brien, Frank M.
Jr.; Parker, Gordon E.; Shuir-
man, Gerard; Spangler, Robert
M.; Theidel, William H.; Wen-
Schedule of Tutorial Sections
for Veterans for,the Spring Term,
1946-47. (To begin the week of
Monday, Feb. 17).
. CHEMIS RY: (3) Mon. 7-8
p.m., Wed.-Fri. 5-6 p.m., 122
Chem., S. Levin.
(4) Mon. 7-8 p.m., Wed.-Fri.,
5-6 p.m., 151 Chem. R. Keller.
(21) Wed. 4-5 p.m., 122 Chem.,
ENGLISH: (1) Tues.-Thurs.-
Fri. 5-6 p.m., 2203 AH, D. Martin.
(2) Tues -Thurs.-Fri. 5-6 p.m.,
320 EH: (,D. Stocking.
FRENCH: (1) Mon.-Thurs. 4-5
any threat to either facult
philosophy our chances of ga
the truth are inhibited as we
leaving us in complete ignol
of one side of the story.
With free thought.we fight
cism with scientific fact and
as to racial and economic thei
We disprove them intellect
before an idea is killed. f
can prove that capitalism is
efficient or mre just than s
ism do It in the class room.
can't disprove either idea by
ning, expelling or imprisonin
I believe the cormnittee r
this. If there were such a t
to the teaching of capal
would condemn it. At prese
is condeining thd threat .to
gressive ideas. It wants to
the right of a free exchan
ideas so that te ultimate
will be close to the truth
As long as we have this fre
for all ideas there is nod
Of a minority blindingus
gaining power, for this is o
only whei one side Is silene
a non-intellectual force. If,
ing this free exchange of ide
majority of people accept
munism then we should not
the idea from being ae$tE
the nation or the world. Yo
not going -to dsrove tx,
pelling its adherents. But yo
blind those who know noth
it so that the nation goes
pletely backward in the pr
of truth. That is the dange
So let's keep and encourag
committee of Academic Frei
whether we are radical or d
vative. Let'e teach everythina
has any intellectual basis.
dents have brains; they can
for themselves and the natio
be the better for It.
o a *
To the Edifor:
Bill Hyde is to be conuh
for his letter appearing it
Feb. 16 iss'je of The Daily. I
pears to be one of the few i
that lacks the, extremre atti
epressed in most of the le
both pro and con, that you
printed on the subject of.
nor Sigler's pending investigi
Mr. Hyde, and others of
readers who feel as he does, x
be interested in the expres
somewhat the same idea b Ji
0. W. Holmes, Jr., in his fa
dissent, with which Justic
deis concurred, i the 'ca.
Abrams vs. the United Sta
"But when mAen 'have rei
that time has upset many fig
faiths, they may come to b
even more than they belev
very foundation of their co
that the ultimate good desli
better reached by free tra
ideas-that the best test of
is the power of the thou
itself accepted in theco e
of the market, and that tri
the only ground upon hIch
wishes safely can be carried
-Thomas I1 Ad
,Republican Chairman C
Reece reminds his faithful ti
choosing public officials the
label is more important than
ity and character. Under our
of government, the idea is I
the office, not to fill it.
*1 * *
Winston Churchill comi
that the Labour Governme
spending too much of the A
can loan on American tobacc
movie films. He seems to lx
that the British Empire shot
a61e to produce its own vic
IT SO HAPPENS ...
# - :. . _. . ..a
'Gophers Out of Race'
A COPY of The Minnesota Daily, which is
annually awarded the Associated Colleg-
iate Press "Pacemaker" rating came into our
hands this week. The "Pacemaker" is a title
given to the college paper judged best inthe
From the masthead of this. respected rival
we picked up the following information.
This Daily is "Published every morning dur-
ing the college year except Sundays, Mon-
days, holidays and the days following holi-
days," as well as twice a week during Min-
nesota's summer school.
From the editorial page, a column we nev-
er finished reading began, "Folks, it grieves
me to tell that things ain't going so well
with Sally and Bud ..."
The Minnesota paper, five columns wide,
17 inches deep, gives a column-and-a-half
on page two to United Press national news,
reprints in full a date list for a University'
band dinner dance heads annArts numn
The sage consulted his small black book,
replied, "Ah, yes. I have a dinner engage-
ment that evening."
X* * Q
ALONG WITH all these appropriation
slashes comes a comment from an engi-
"Not wasting money is one of the most
important principles of engineering. That's
why so few engineers are Democrats."
A show of hands is called for here.
Contributions to this column are by all mcm-
bers of The Daily staif, and are the responsi-
bility of the editorial director. Items from sub-
scribers are invited; address them to "It So
Happens," The Michigan Daily.
Edited and managed by students
the University of Michigan under
authority of the Board in Control
Paul Harsha........ Managing Ed
Clayton Dickey........... City Edi
Milton Freudenheim .Editorial Direc
Mary Brush ......Ascielate Ed
Ann Kutz...........Associate Ed
Clyde Recht.........Associate Ed
Jack Martin........... Sports Edi
Archie Parsons Associate Sports Ed
Joan Wilk . .......Women's Ed
Lynne Ford Associate Women's Ed
Robert E. Potter .... General Manai
Janet Cork........ Business Mani
Nancy Helmick .. Advertising Mani
Member of The Associated Pr
p.m., 106 RL, A. Favreau.
(Continued on Page 5)
tMr. O'Mallev. Here are Mom's It's unfortunate but doubt has 1
..... .....*. - . . c f l ' 1
I I Well then. let me mit the uexiann I