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May 23, 1947 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-05-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

FLAUNTING OF
UYr IL RIGHTS
See 'age 4

Latest Deadline in the State

47kz ii4q

COOLER,
S3HOWERSi

VOL. LVII, No. 165 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 23, 1947

PRICE FIVE CENTS

'U'ToCombat
Shortage of
RuralDoctors
Mel School Ilan
r SttIn al
The University Medical School
yesterday announced a new pro-
gram designed to end the present
scarcity of doctors in small towns
and rural communities in Michi-
gan.
The postgraduate program, an-
nounced by ean Albert C. Furs-
tenberg, will encourage more doc-
tors to turn to the field of gen-
eral practice instead of specializ-
ing in a particular field of medi-
cine. The program will get under
way in the fall.
Under provisions of the new
plan, hospitals throughout the
state may become affiliated with
the Medical School to provide a
two-year postgraduate training
program for interns.
'General Residents'
Two interns in residence at hos-
pitals affiliated with the program
will be classified as "general resi-
dents" rather than as interns in
specific departments. These gen-
eral residents will be taught gen-
eral skills in pediatrics, obstetrics,
medicine and surgery. They will
iot be trained as specialists in
any particular branch, but will
acquire the broad background nee-
essary for a general practitioner.
During this period of general
training, the interns will be sent
to the University Medical School
for a six-month general course in
the basic sciences.
Explains Program
In explaining the purpose of the
new program, Dean Furstenberg
declared, "The program will fill
a great need since there are very
few recognized two-year programs
offered by hospitals to equip a
doctor for general practice."
Outlining four advantages of
the new plan, Dean Furstenberg
said it is expected to attract more
students to the general practice
of medicine. He declared that the
plan would be an inspiration to
present country doctors who feel
that their field may have been
overlooked in the increasing em-
phasis on tr ain in g specialists.
Standards of medical care in
smaller hospitals will be raised
and a better distribution of med-
ical care will be realized, Dean
Furstenberg said.
Resubmit Tax
Diverston Bill
Citizens To Vote At
November Election
LANSING, May 22-()-Michi-
gan's voters will be asked to ex-
press themselves for a second time
on the sales tax diversion amend-
ment at the November, 1948, elec-
tions.
The House, by a 72 to 25 vote,
today concurred in a Senate-ap-
proved resolution to put the ques-
tion on the ballot.
The House approved the same'
proposal last February by a 71 to
24 vote but the Senate kept it from
the spring election by sending it
back to committee. This week the
Senate unexpectedly dug out the
measure and amended it to place
the question on the 1948 ballot.
Earlier in the year Governor

Sigler advocated another vote on
the amendment, to give one-third
of the sales tax to the cities and
towns, as one means of settling the
State's financial problems. Its
death in the Senate marked a
major defeat for the Governor.
Rep. Andrew Bolt, Grand Rapids
Republican, contended the sales
tax diversion was the mandate of
the people and should be followed
without further argument, while
Rep. Howard R. Carroll, Mt.
Clemens Republican, said that the
State needed more of a general
constitutional revision rather than
a second vote on the sales tax
amendment.
Rep. M. Bushnell Trembley,
Flint Republican, told the House
that "we have taken a lot away
from the cities and if this carries
they will be in the worst shape
they ever were in."1
Naval Reservist
Drive Continues

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Battle of Jazz Waxes
Hot in Record Society
Mouldy Figs and Be-Boppers Lock Horns
Over Ancient and Modern Rhythm Styles
By HAROLD JACKSON, Jr.
Although there's been no blood shed so far, it's time folks knew
that the Mouldy Fwis and the Be-Boppers are a-feudin' right here
on campus.
For the benefit, of those ignorant in the ways of jazz, these are
two opposing factions in the Hot Record Society, a group of jazz
enthusiasts who meet every Sunday night in the Hussey Room of
the League.
Raphael Explains Figs and Boppers
According to Malcolm Raphael, program director of the Society
- - -the Mouldy Fig-Be-Bop struggle
is a nation-wide affair. Mouldy
pecial Train Figs, he explains, claim that any
jazz written past 1929 isn't jazz
anymore, but just trite and com-
believe in completely improvised
T osted jazz and claim that any use of
written music is pure heresy.
The Be-Boppers, however, he
Survey To Determine says, constitute the extreme left
PostifinlTravelPlans group in the modern jazz school.
Raphael maintains they do not
Sig-upshets or ll tudntsfrown on printed music, adding
interested in obtainingtranspor-thathperonalhoa e
tation on special post-finals trains Boppers is trumpeter Dizzy Gilles-
will be posted tomorrow at the pie.
Union travel desk, the League, Originates with Ad
outside of Rm. 2, University Hall, The Hot Record .Society began
and on dormitory bulletin boards. last fall when a University stu-
Students should indicate their dent, Palmer Wright, inserted an
names, addresses and phone num- ad in The Daily offering to sell
bers, their destinations and what his collection of hot records. In-
days they plan to leave Ann Ar- stead of just one or two students
bor, Chuck Lewis, chairman of answering his ad, a whole mob
the special Student Legislature showed up. They all got so inter-
committee conducting the survey, ested in each other's record col-
said yesterday. See JAZZ, Page Q
Tentative plans efve been
formed by the New York Central
Railroad to provide Eastbound D,7ele
trains leaving at 6 p.im. and West- iW
bound trains leaving at 2:15 p.m.
on as many days as there is ade- 14ttnciParley
quate demand for thrn.
It is especially urgent that all fn Free
students who plan to take any of Or om
these trains sign the sheet in or-
der that enough equipment can More than 200 delegates rep-
be made available, Lewis' empha- resenting campus organizations
sized. throughout the state will attend
Reclining seats and dining car the Michigan Conference on Aca-'
service will be provided on all the demic Freedom to be held from 11
special trains. a.m. to 5 p.m. tomorrow at Lane
The special Legislature commit- Hall
tee was formed at the suggestion The estimate came last night
of Walter B. Rea, associate direct- from Hack o , chairman of
or of the Office of Student "Af- the University's Council on Aca-
fairs, to attempt to alleviate the dei Freedom, whicill beAhost
usual end-of-the-term travel con- demic Freedom, which will be host
gestion, to the delegates.
Every approved campus organ-
ization is permitted to send three
Garg .Breaks delegates and any number of non-
voting observers.
/ d "d ".Prof. John L. Brumm of the
r d id om journalism department will give
the keynote address, and attempt
Taking the printer by the horns, to clarify the problems to be dis-
the Gargoyle will smash another cussed.
old Michigan tradition when its An attempt to define academic
June "Garg Investigates" Issue freedom, and a consideration of
appears on campus Monday. State and national legislation on
In the interests of satisfying ur- the subject are on the agenda.
gent student demand (and getting Other schools to be representedt
rid of several reams of old stories at the meeting include Adrian,,
rejected for every previous issue), Olivet, Michigan State and Wayne.
Garg appears this month with 36 _
full pages, with a 20-page parlor (Gus Labo Case
pink survey of Garg's investiga-l
ti Gargoyle tradition and the Decision. Delayed
make-up editor have always insist-
ed upon the standard 32-page The hearing in the Gauss Bak-
magazine. "Thirty-two pages of ing Co. case was closed yesterday<
Garg humor are enough to kill in Washtenaw County CircuitE
anyone," Edward (Emeritus) Mc- court, and decision was postponedt
Kinlay stated, dying with laugh- by Circuit Judge James R.I
ter. Services for him will be held Breakey until next week.
early Monday morning. The Gauss Co., petitioned theI
Garg's price will remain amaz- court April 30 to enjoin the Annl
ingly small, despite the added Arbor Teamsters' Local 575 from
pages. "No extra charge need be "interfering with the business" oft
made for this new and lengthier the company.1

Publication," a benevolent ad- The union threw a picket linet
ninistration announced yester- around the company March 3 whenf
day. "The difference will be ex- driver-salesmen refused to be or-
acted from out-of-state student ganized by the Detroit represen-
;uition next fall." tatives.

VA Charges
Fraud, Error
InGI Benefits
Subsistence Hike
To Tie Reques(l
By The Asociated Press
WASHINGTON, May 22 -The
Veterans Administration made "a
rough guess" today that 200,000
World War II veterans, fraudu-
lently or through error, have
cashed in on unemployment or
subsistence benefits not due them.
By coincidence, the report came
as Rep. Edith Nourse Rogers
(Rep., Mass.), chairman of the
House Veterans Committee, an-
nounced that a subcommittee
soon will recommend a boost in
the subsistence allowance of vet-
erans going to school under the
G.I. Bill of Rights.
Penalties Provided
A Veterans Administration
spokesman said that the more se-
ious cases of suspected cheating
have been turned over to U S. at-
torneys for prosecution.
Penalties provided by law range
from loss of all veterans benefits
to fines 'and imprisonment. How-
ever, some judges are said to have
been extremely lenient and one
case was cited of a group of vet-
erans getting off with little more
than a lecture-a one-day proba-
tion,
Most violations were said to be:
1. Collection of unemployment
compensation by veterans who
have jobs or by veterans who are
attending school and in many in-
stances drawing educational sub-
sistence allotments.
2. Collection of both state and
federal unemployment benefits.
Asks Increases
Mrs. Rogers told the House
Rules Committee that amounts
now paid veterans attending col-
lege are so low as to discourage
some of them from entering the
program.
She said that the bill due for
subcommittee approval would
would raise the subsistence given
an unmarried G. I. student from
$65 to $75 a month. The boost for'
a married one would be from $90
to $110, with $15 extra for each
child. The estimated extra cost is
$149,000,000.
Officials Say
Lynch Trial
Is 'Trogress'
GREENVILLE, S.C., May 22-
(-Grim satisfaction prevailed
in the nearby textile communities
today over mass-acquital of 28
white men accused of lynching a
South Carolina Negro - but some
Greenville leaders said the trial,
itself, was "progress."
One public official, who declined
to be quoted directly, said soberly:
"This was the first time that South
Carolina has brought mass-mur-
der charges against alleged lynch-
ers. The jury acquitted them. If
there should be another case, per-
haps we may get a mistrial with
a hung-jury. Eventually, the South
may return convictions."
Degree of Progress
John Breamlett, prominent at-
torney, said: "The fact that a
local grand jury returned 31 in-

dictments, and that the state was
enabled to try this case, repre-
sents a degree of progress."
One well-known attorney, whose
firm refused to represent the de-
fendants, said most people ap-
peared to feel satisfaction with
the verdict. But, he added, "There
are a number of us who feel pro-
found shame."
Display Indifference
Along the textile belt-line, in
Judson, Woodside, Riverside and
American Spinning Mill commun-
ities, the reaction was: "So what?
So they turned them loose. It was
right, by law and justice."
Greenville, generally, displayed
indifference. While students at
Wofford College in nearby Spar-
tanburg paraded in protest of the
acquittals, reaction in Greenville
was largely relief that the na-
tion's greatest lynch-trial was
over.
itniiciarypositions
Will Be Announced
'M - 1 _-_ : . . .n w , . ... .. 91X . .

FOREMEN STRIKE -Placard carrying foremen walk in a picket line in the strike of 3,800 fore-
men against the Ford Motor Co., which is entering its third day.

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Border Watch
Is Given Vote
Of Confidence
UN Defeats Russians'
Move To Curb Group
LAKE SUCCESS, May 22-()-
The United Nations Security
Council late today gave a major-
ity vote of confidence to a border
watch group it has stationed in
northern Greece.
By a vote of 6 to 2, the Council
defeated a Russian proposal which
would have curbed the powers of
the UN sub-commission and or-
dered it to move from Salonika to
Athens.
Call for Restriction
Only Russia and Poland voted
for the resolution. Australia, Bel-
gium, Brazil, the United States,
Britain and China opposed it. Co-
lombia, France and Syria ab-
stained. A majority of seven is re-
uired to carry a proposal in the
Security Council.
Before the vote, Russia, Poland
and three Soviet Balkan satellites
called on the council to restrict
the scope of the sub-commission
which is presently organizing for
work along Greece's northern bor-
der.
11-Nation Commission
The Council last December or-
dered an 11-nation commission
to investigate border troubles along
Greece's northern line. In April
the council adopted a United
States resolution for a subsidiary
group to remain in the area until
the Council acted on the commis-
sion's report. The commission was
expected to bring its report here
from Geneva by June 9.
The commission on April 29 set
up the subsidiary group and gave
it the same orders given by the
Security Council last December.
Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria
declined to send liaison represen-
tatives to the sub-commission.
The United States and other
countries on the council charged
those nations with refusal to coop-
erste with the council and with
defiance of the United Nations.
Alumni Here
For Ceremony
Paul Hoffman Will
TalktoBusinessGroup
The 17th annual Alumni Con-
ference of the business administra-
tion school, to be held here Satur-
day, will be highlighted by the
cornerstone-laying ceremony for
the new business administration
building and a speech by Paul G.
Hoffman, president of the Stude-
baker Corp.
The past history of the business
administration school has been re-
corded for posterity on microfilm
and will be placed in the corner-
stone at the ceremony which is to
take place at 4 p.m., with President
Alexander G. Ruthven presiding.
Hoffman will address a meeting
on the subject of "Capitalizing on
Capitalism" at 2:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Lecture Hall.

Fund Drive Calendar Planned
To Slash Soliciting on Campus

The Student Legislature Fund
Drives Committee will meet Mon-
day with representatives of every
organization which plans to solicit
funds on campus next year to draw
up a tentative calendar scaling
1947-48 drives down to two or three
a semester.
The action is being taken in re-
sponse to a Student Affairs Com-
mitteerrequest that the Legislature
Students Hear
Wallace- Talkc
On Sidewalk
College Denies Use
Of Speaking Facilities
BERKELEY, Calif., May 22-(P)
-Henry Wallace wound up a
three-day speaking appearance in
the San Francisco Bay area today
with a sidewalk talk to a police-
estimated 15,000 University of
California students and Berkeley
townspeople.
Laughter greeted his opening
remark, thanking Berkeley "for
the use of your sidewalk." Wallace
was denied campus speaking fa-
cilities by the university, and his
impromptu appearance was in re-
sponse to student efforts.
"I want Russia to make a tre-
mendous success of communism
in Russia," he said. "I want, fur-
ther, the fairest type of social de-
mocracy to make a tremendous
success in Western Europe. And I
want to see us make a tremen-
dous success of capitalistic democ-
racy in the United States."
Wallace was scheduled to de-
part late today for Seattle in a
continuation of his transcontinen-
tal speaking tour.
Germans Get
American Food
BERLIN, May 22--(I)-Part of
a fleet of 116 ships from America
unloaded food in German ports to-
day and U. S. economists predicted
American taxpayers would have
to foot a $750,000,000 bill in 1948
for feeding 46,000,000 hungry
Germans in the British-American
zones.
Col. Hugh B. Hester, chief of the
food and agricultural branch of
the American Military Govern-
ment, declared he believed the
peak of the food crisis in western
Germany had passed. He said
gradual but substantial improve-
ment was expected between now
and the next harvest.
Port officials in Bremen said
at least five ships were discharg-
ing cargoes of grain and flour
there and others were unloading
at Hamburg and Emden.

draw up a schedule to be present-
ed to the committee for approval
at their May 27 meeting. The gen-
eral plan is to group drives wher-
ever possible according to the areas
which they benefit--campus, Ann
Arbor, national and international,
according to Jean Gringle, Legis-
lature committee chairman.
The feeling is that a smaller
number of drives will be a con-
venience todthe students and
that, grouped together, the drives
will be as much, if not more, of a
financial success to the individ-
ual organizations, she said.
The meeting, originally sched-
uled today, has been changed to
4 p.m. Monday in Rmn. 308 of the
Union to allow ample time for con-
tacting all the groups involved
and to give the organizations
enough time to do any necessary
research, she said.
Miss Gringle emphasizedthe
necessity of having representatives
from every soliciting group at the
meeting. After approval by the
Student Affairs Committee, groups
not scheduled on the official cal-
endar will not be allowed to spon-
sor fund drives on campus during
the 1947-48 school year.
U' Workers
Ask Apology
Allege Racist Insults
Directed At Employe
Fifty-five Negro and white
workers at the University Hospital
yesterday petitioned Dr. A. C'.
Kerlikowske, director, to demand
the resignation or apology of
Charles Ballentine, medical stu-
dent and part-time employe, be-
cause of alleged profane and hu-
miliating language directed at
Mrs. Leatrice Murray, an elevator
operator, last Monday.
Alleging that Ballentine uttered
profanity and racist remarks be-
fore Mrs. Murray when an eleva-
tor, in use at the time, was not im-
mediately available for him, the
workers have demanded that Bal-
lentine apologize to eight colored
operators or resign.
P. J. Olin, personnel director,
speaking for Dr. Kerlikowske, said
a meeting between Ballentine and
Mrs. Murray wig. be held today
and that any decisions will be
based on facts disclosed at the
meeting.
The alleged insult, which re-
duced Mrs. Murray to tears, opera-
tors said, had been preceded by
other similar incidents involving
Ballentine which were passed off
without comment. Humiliated
Mrs. Murray wanted to leave im-
mediately, but she was induced tc
continue working by Ray Collins
elevator supervisor, who cited the
shortage of hospital help and the
need for elevator service.

LEGISLATIVE ACTION:

Greek, Turk
Aid Program
ActionBe ris
U.S. Asks RFC
For 00 Million
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 22-The
United States governmentacted
speedily tonight to institute the
newly authorized $400,000,000 pro-
gram of aid to Greece and Tur-
key as a bulwark against the
spread of Communism and Soviet
power in the strategic Middle
East.
Within less than 12 hours af-
ter President Truman signed the
aid bill at Kansas City, Mo., dip-
lomatic officials indicated steps
had been taken to obtain a
$100,000,000 loan fund from the
RFC to get the program going
within a matter of hours.
When he wrote his name on
the long-debated measure estab-
lishing some radically new prac-
tices in. American diplomacy, M.
Truman read a statement declar-
ing it to be "an important step
in the building of the peace," and
emphasizing the view that it is
"support" for the United Nations.
But the President failed to name
an administrator for the Greek.
phase of the program, as Press
Secretary Charles Ross had said
he probably would do.
Under the new bill, and once
appropriations are made, Tur-
key is to receive up to $100,-
000,000 exclusively to modernize
its army. The remaining $300,-
000,000 is to go to Greece and to
be allocated, under the constant
.check of the special mission,
among military, rehabilitation
and relife work.
In addition Greece is to receive
$50,000,000 from the $350,000,000
relief fund authorized by Con-
gress yesterday and still to b
Aigned by the President.
GOP Passes
'Bookkeeper's
Economy' Bill
WASHINGTON, May 22--()-
Republicans caught DIemocrats
lapping today and rushed through
Congress a bill which will make
;heir economy drive for the com-
ng fiscal year look $641,832,000
>etter-and President Truman's
surplus this year that much less.
It was done by an obscure little
amendment which the Senate in
,erted in a "deficiency" bill ap-
>ropriating $117,438,000 for vari-
>us agencies for the rest of this
'iscal year ending June 30. The
>ill was approved by both Senate
fnd House on voice votes, without
lebate.
The amendment involves $641,-
332,000 owed to the treasury by the
'Commodity Credit Association on
its farm price support and subsidy
,perations. The provision directs
the treasury to cancel the debt
immediately, while Mr. Truman
had budgeted it to be written off
as an expense next year.
The taxpayers would foot the
ill in either case. But the effect
> the bookkeeping change is this:
1. The Republicans will be
64 1,832,000 ahead on their pledges
,o trim the President's $37,500,
'00,000 spending estimates for the
next fiscal year.
2. The President's estimate that
,he government will wind up ths
year with a $1,250,000,000 surplus
3f receipts over expenditures will1

)e more than halved.
Russian Movie
To Be Shown
"Four Hearts," the first comedy
film to come out of Russia since
,he war, will be presented by Rus-
3ky Kruzhok, the Russian Circle,
at 8 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Audi-
torium.
Starring Valentina Serova
leading Soviet stage and screen ac-
tress, and Eugene Samoilov, the
Picture on page 6
film concerns the romances of two
isters who are courted by two stu-
dents. Only one showing of the
film will be given in Ann Arbor.
Tickets for the movie are on sale
at the League and the Union and
will be sold Saturday at the> ill
Auditorium box office.

World News at a Glance
By The Associated Press
GRANDVIEW, Mo., May 22-President Truman said his mother
had "rested very well" this afternoon as he returned to Kansas City
tonight from another day-long vigil at her bedside.
'4 * * *
LONDON, May 22-The House of Commons gave final ap-
proval tonight to a peacetime conscription bill, defeating by a
vote of 232 to 44 pacifist opponents who sought to kill the measure
on third reading.
DAYTON, 0., May 22-An Army Air Forces transport dived into
the ground and exploded four miles east of Dayton today, killing five
persons and injuring two others.
WASHINGTON, May 22-The Senate passed and sent to the
White House today legislation authorizing a $35,500,000 expendi-
ture for completion of 8,300 housing units for war veterans.
WASHINGTON. May 22-Th wnrld monav find tnrlnv nn-

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PREVENT COLLAPSE:
U.S. Must Increase Foreign
Grants-in-Aid, Slosson Says

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