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February 15, 1947 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-02-15

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Latest Deadline in the State

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See rage 4

No. 91.

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN,

SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1947

PRICE FIVE

iterary College Students

To Grade Facult

-U

e-Senate
;et Men
for Cut

General Student Conduct
Praised by Judge Payne

Dean
For]

Tells Nee
Instructoi

City Jurist Points to Increase
Only Rise in Arrests Involves

in Sobriety;
Traffic Cases

lice Truman's
igure 6 Millions
By The Associated Press
kSHINGTON, Feb. 14-The
e-Senate Budget Committee
50 to 22 today to slash $6,-
)0,000 out of President Tru-
s $37,500,000,000 budget for
iscal year beginning July 1.
hus overrode Army and Navy
sts that cuts in their funds
i endanger national security
in the words of Chairman
son (Rep., Minn.) of the
e Ways and Means Commit-
leared the way for a 20 per
cut in individual income
he reduced figure of $31,500,-
D000 is not necessarily the
-nt that will be made avail-
for the next fiscal year.
mounts to a suggested ceil-
but Congress is not bound
ay within it.
contemplates removal of at
500,000 civilian workers out
e 2,300,000 on government
ils.
e committee rejected all ef-
including a plea by Senator
(Rep., Ohio), to hold the
t reduction at a figure which
. take fewer dollars from the
10,000,000 that President
an requested for the Army
avy.
airman Gurney (Rep.,S.D.)
he Senate Armed Services
.mittee fought the huge slash
edly in and out of commit-
He told reporters it would
$1,750,000,000 from the
y and Navy and "I refuse to
for any thing that will ham-
g our armed forces while:
>eace of the world is unset-

By DICK MALOY
Municipal Judge Jay H. Payne yesterday discounted reports of
general misconduct among University students.
Speaking from his observations from the bench of Ann Arbor Mu-
nicipal Court, Judge Payne complimented students for their general
good behavior.
"In spite of the recent morals case involving two University stu-

Keiston Says Evaluation Is Pz
Of Program To Build Better St
By CLAYTON DICKEY
The literary college faculty has voted to re-initiate student
evaluation of*"faculty services" and committees are now stud
problem of putting the plan in action, Dean Hayward Kenis
nounced yesterday.
Simultaneously, Dean Keniston announced that the liter
lege will need an additional 50 full instructors for next fall "to
the balance of trained teachers."
"The literary college is now devoting most of its time
problem of building a better teaching staff," Dean Kenistor
adding that "evaluation of fac-

Ice Avalanche'
Damages Vet
Housing Units
Children Narrowly
Miss Serious Injury
Ten University students and
their families were homeless yes-
terday morning after several tons
of ice and snow, sliding off the
Coliseumrroof, crashed down on
the Veterans' Village at S. Fifth
Ave. and Hill, damaging five of the
portable housing units.
Damage was estimated at $3,000
by Walter Roth, plant depart-
ment superintendent.
Children Escape
Though no one was injured, Cey-
lon Welch, caretaker of the proj-
ect, reported that ice crashed
through the roof of the back of
one unit while a group of kinder-
garten children was playing in the
front room.
One young mother reported that
she was on her way to the back of
her dwelling to put her baby in
bed when the ice deluge crashed
into the bedroom.
The avalanche occured at 10:40
a.In.
Vice-president Robert P. Briggs
said that the University would be-
gin immediate repair on the dam-
aged units.
The ten families are being
housed in the Union nd, accord-
ing to Francis C. Shi l, business
manager of residence halls, can ex-
pect to be back in their houses by
Monday.
The families who were forced to
vacate their dwelling units in the
Veterans Emergency Housing
Project are those of:
Robert A. Rose, Bloomingdale;
Marrill Johnson, Manistique; Don-
ald Kuite, Holland; William Tay-
lor, Philadelphia; 0. J. Van Syoc,
Kalamazoo; Laverne Pitcher, De-
troit; Jack Blane, Chicago; Wil-
liam Snell, Monroe; Wayne Yaple,
Kalamazoo; and Keith Yoder,
Sturgis.,

Turney said the budget cut.
uld reduce funds for food in
occupied countries, as well as
.itary appropriations, and he'
lared his intention to take the
tle to the Senate floor.
Lep. Dingell (Dem., Mich.) told
orters that the committee ac-
n "just about amounts to the
publicans risking the national
urity in an effort to meet their
)mises to cut taxes."
Che Senate-House group, under
trol of the Republican majori-
, in quick order turned down
se compromise proposals:
1. By Dingell, to stipulate
at no funds be taken from the
rmy and Navy and Veterans
lministration items. Rejected
i a voice vote.
By Gurney, a proposal to hold
budget cut to $4,150,000,000,
ich would provide only small
uctions for the Army and Navy.
feated 52 to 23.
By Senator Knowland (Rep,'
if.), proposing that before there
any tax cuts, $3,000,000,000
st be set aside to begin retire-
at of the national debt. Defeat-
39 to 34.
aris Hit By
abor Walkout
Municipal Workdrs
Ask Minimun Wage
ARIS, Feb. 14-(A')-Paris was
alyzed this afternoon by a gen-
I walkout of government em-
yes pressing their demand for
ilnimum wage and protesting a
ernment proposal to freeze
ges, a situation which prompted
mier Paul Ramadier to declare
t the republic might he imper-
by labor unrest.
'he work stoppage lasted four
irs, throwing the heart of Paris
i confusion as it halted trans-
tation and communications,
i coincided with the strike of
rspaper mechanical and busi-
s office employes who seek a 25
cent wage increase.
he strike call was directed to
0,000 government employes and
eral hundred thousand ,nunici-
and department employes
oughout France.

dents, I believe that the student
body as a whole is entitled to a
compliment for their conduct,"
the judge said.
Few Law Violations
"In view of the greatly increased
enrollment in the University it is
remarkable that there have been
so few law violations reported to
the police" he stated, adding that
the only noticeable increase in
student arrests have been for traf-
fic violations.
"The majority of these traffic
violations have occurred near the
outskirts of town when students
were hurrying to make morning
classes," the Judge emphasized.
Drop in Intoxication
The Judge further stated that
an increase in sobriety has been
noted among University stidents.
Commenting on the drop in the
number of students booked for in-
toxication, Judge Payne attributed
this trend to the increased seri-
ousness and maturity shown by the
student veterans now attending
the University.
Judge Payne explained that his
views reflected only his daily ob-
servations from the bench.
Russia Insists
UN Ban Atom
Bomb Output
LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y., Feb. 14
- (AP) - Russia demanded today
that the United Nations ban pro-
duction of the atom bomb as the
first step toward an international
atomic control system and sharply
criticized the United States for
continued manufacture of mass-
destruction weapons.
Categorically rejecting the
American control plan, Soviet
Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei
A. Gromyko told the Security
Council that "atomic energy is
still being used exclusively for the
production of weapons which by
their very nature are weapons of
aggression."
Political Pressure
"They are destined mainly for
attacks on large cities with numer-
ous civilian population, but not on
the armies of an enemy," the
Russian declared. "The nature of
atomic weapons is such that they
can not be regarded as weapons
of defense."
Gromyko then added that "the
continuation of the production of
atomic weapons used as a certain
lever for political pressure on some
other nations."
Charter Violations
Branding the principal points of
the American plan as violations of
the UN Charter and of the Gen-
eral Assembly's Dec. 14 resolution
on general arms reduction, he said
firmly that "they must be reject-
ed." Gromyko did say that work
could go ahead on "revising" the
American proposals now but reit-
erated that the bomb itself must be
scrapped before any system ac-
tually could be set up.

COAL PRODUCTION UP:

* ; r

I
I

Fuel Crisis Eases in B ritain;
Workers Still Being Laid Off,
LONDON, Feb. 14-(P)-The government announced tonight that
there were signs Britain had "turned the corner" on the road back to
industrial production and lighted homes, but despite encouraging
trends in the coal shortage unemployment continued to spread.
Prime Minister Attlee met with his nine man "coal cabinet" to
consider an approximate date for restoration of at least part of the
power cut off completely from more than half the nation's industries
in the gravest fuel shortage in they--

Snow Removal
Issue Returns
The hot potato of sidewalk snow
removal has once again bounced
into the lap of Ann Arbor Com-.
mon Council.
Under terms of a contract
reached after much negotiation
between the city and the Public
Service Company, all local side-
walks were to be cleaned by the
company at the city's expense. The
Board of Public Works has now
balked, however, at paying the
firm's first bill.
The Board charges that all
walks in the city were not properly
cleaned and objects to an item of
$175 for mechanics' wages in the
firm's bill. They have referred the
bill to Council for decision.

nation's history.
No Date Set
There was no official indication
of a date for the switch-on, but
when it comes industry will be
given priority.
Sir Guy Nott-Bower, Undersec-
retary of the Ministry of Fuel and
Power, was the author of the "turn
the corner" statement, but he add-
ed that "if we have turned the
corner it is 'only just'."
His statement coincided with a
note from Attlee declining with
thanks the offer of President Tru-
man to divert American coal on
ships on the high seas to British
ports.
Unemployment Grows
Unemployment, estimated at
past the 9,000,000 mark, continued
to grow. The Vickers Companies,
manufacturers of planes, guns and
precision machinery, notified 25,-
000 employes their work will end
on Feb. .21. The Austin Motor
Company said 14,800 production
employes would be dismissed.
But against these discouraging
developments there were signs of
improvement.
In South Wales mines were al-
most back to normal operations
after weather interruptions and
there was a possibility some pits
would work on Sunday. Strip
mines in Kent reported production
this week slightly above normal
despite heavy snow.
Indian Urges
Solution Now
Dr. Hutheesing Says
Communism Is Out
India's economic problems must
be solved immediately, and the so-
lution must come from as many
programs as possible,. Dr. C. F.
Hutheesing, secretary of the In-
dian National Planning Commis-
sion, declared yesterday.
Speaking at a lecture sponsored
by the Hindustan Student Asso-
ciation, Dr. Hutheesing said that
Communism would not be accep-
table to the Indian people. In-
dians fear a centralized govern-
ment because they have experi-
enced the economically disastrous
ration in which centralized British
control resulted.
India's civil riots are not indica-
tive of the disunity which news-
paper accounts suggest, but are
more often inspired by the privil-
eged' classes and the foreign gov-
ernment to whom a free India
would result in an eradication of
their traditional benefits, Dr.
Ruteesine ermnhasie

World News
Roundup
By '1te Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14-OPA,
fighting a challenge to its indus-
trial sugar rationing methods, lost
in the U. S. Court of Appeals today
and turned to the Supreme Court.
The Appeals Court, in a 2 to 1
decision, held invalid the agency's
"historical use" system of ration-
ing sugar to the bulk sweetened
condensed milk industry.
OPA attorneys contended this
might force scrapping of the in-
dustrial rationing system and ul-
timately affect its method of ra-
tioning for household use. Mean-
while, rationing continues as usual
at least until March 4.
* * *
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14- A
House judiciary subcommittee
drew up a bill today under
which an employer who could
prove he had "acted in good
faith" could thereby establish
a defense against suits filed for
back pay unrler the portal-to-
portal principle.
This had been one of the prin-
cipal points raised by employers
who protested against the wave
of portal pay suits -- now in
the neighborhood of $5,000,000,-
000.
WASNINGTON, Feb. 14--Sen-
ator Vandenberg (Rep.-Mich.)
said tonight that Russia has failed
to reciprocate the fair play and
good will extended by the United
States in foreign relations.
Vandenberg president pro tem
of the Senate and chairman of
the foreign relations committee,
was referring specifically to Mos-
cow's failure to answer requests
for the settlement of lend-lease
accounts.
JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Feb. 14
-The Florida highway patrol said
tonight about 50 persons were in-
jured when the northbound
"Orange Blossom Special" (Mi-
ami-New York) of the Seaboard
Airline Railroad was derailed at
Maxville, Fla.

BICYCLE TURNS LONDON MACHINES-A man on a bicycle provides motive power for a London
factory's machines, normally driven by electricity, during the power shut-down due to the critical
coal shortage.

'FBI Sigler
Discuss Red
Inquiry Plans
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.-A)
Governor Kim Sigler of Michigan
said today he had "a very satis-
factory" conference with FBI of-
ficials on his plans to expose sub-
versive elements in the state.
He told reporters that "agita-
tors, radicals and Communists"
are trying to stir up discord among
state employes, college students
and labor unions.
If the FBI would help him sep-
arate "the sheep from the goats."
he said, he would need no other
help from the Federal Govern-
ment.
Situation Discussed
He discussed the situation with
Edward Tamm, and L. B. Nichols,
assistant directors of the FBI.
Senator Ferguson and Arthur H.
Vandenberg, Jr., son of Michi-
gan's senior Senator, also partici-
pated in the conference.
"For obvious reasons," Sigler
said afterwards. "I can't discolse
the substance of the conference."
Earlier #he had explained that
he wants to get the facts on sub-
versive elements and publicize
them so that "the people will not
be misled."
In the Open
He stressed that lie was 'not
concerned about the activities of
these groups if they are brought
out in the open.
Some of them operating in Flint,
Sigler said, call themselves Com-
munists, but in other parts of
the State are organized "under
some sugar-coated names."
He said he has indications of
subversive activities among stu-
dents at the Michigan State Col-
lege, the University of Michigan
and Wayne University.
Cupid Attends
Pay-Off Dance
Cupid said it with candy last
night at the Mortarboard Pay-Off
Dance.
St. Valentine's right hand man
visited the League Ballroom at in-
termission time to bestow a three
pound box of "goodies" and the
title of ::Sweethearts of the Eve-
ning" on Peggy Lump and Harry
Smith.
Four other couples received one
pound boxes of candy in the ca-
pacity of court of honor to the
number qne heart-throbs. They
were Jean Morrison and Dan
Ricker, Cissie Yaco and Art
Schechet, Margaret Caccamise
and Robert Collins and a bashful
pair who stole away with the spoils
before they could be identified.

ulty services and gaining new
experienced instructors are part
of the same program."
The faculty's decision to re-in-
iate evaluation was approved at its
meeting Feb. 3, he said.
Lauding the faculty's decision,
Haskell Coplin, president of the
Student Legislature, said last night
that he hoped student evaluation
of the faculty would be put in ef-
fect "as soon as possible."
"Students' evaluation will re-
sult in improved teaching tech-
niques and will give department
heads a better idea of student
needs," Coplin said.
Student evaluation of all Uni-
versity faculty members was
first proposed in 1939 by a fac-
ulty committee, and the idea was
approved by the literary college
faculty in 1941. It was not put in
action because of the war.
The idea was proposed again for
the literary college last October
by the Student Legislature and was
given a trial in the psychology de-
partment the same month when
over 1,250 Psychology 31 students
graded their instructors on such
qualities as "ability to arouse in-
terest," "adequacy of organization
and preparation" and "methods of
presentation."
Just before finals, the same stu-
dents regraded their instructors to
test the Student Legislature's
hypothesis that instructors can-
improve ttheir teaching methods if
they know their past shortcomings.
Dean Keniston said that fac-
ulty evaluation of other faculty
members will extend not only to
teaching methods but also to
other "faculty services," includ-
ing counseling.- This part of the
plan, also postponed during the
war, will be reintroduced on an
intra-departmental basis, he
said.
On the problem of increasing the
number of full instructors, Dean
Keniston said the literary college
is now "in a good position" to bring
experienced instructors here from
outside the university because of
the recently-increased faculty sal-
ary scale.
He reiterated that the univer-
sities of the United States are
still behind schedule in graduat-
ing PhD's fully qualified as in-
structors because of wartime de-
pletion of graduate schools.
But he emphasized that "many
of the literary college's present
teaching fellows will be more ex-
perienced by next fall and will
have the qualifications we expect
of full instructors."
He remarked that "practically
all" of the college's departments
are conducting instructor-train-
ing programs and that "definite
courses" to meet this need have
been set up in the psychology and
Romance languages departments.
Citing the "dual training" of
teaching fellows, Dean Keniston
said:
"We have always considered
teaching fellows not only as stu-
dents making progress towards a
doctoral degree but also as ap-
prentice teachers."

England W
Pass Palesti
Trouble to

Bevin Admits Fail
Of Compromise
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 14-Britai
going to shed another of her
lem children and hand Palesi
woes over to the United Nat
The decision was announce
day at the final meeting
Arabs in the unsuccessful Lo:
conference on Palestine by
eign Secretary Ernest Bevin,
admitted failure in Britain's
efforts to put forward an acc
ble compromise between Jews
Arabs.
A Thorn in Britain's Side
A thorn in Britain's side
since Gen. Allenby drove
Turks out of Jerusalem in
Palestine probably will contin
be policed by 100,000 British ti
and to be governed by the ad
istration set up under the e
of Nations mandate until the
decides what to do.
But Britain is in such has
shelve the problem in the si
torn land that a foreign c
spokesman indicated she ma.
the Security Council to call a
cial meeting of the UN Ge:
Assembly to consider the situs
Under ordinary procedure
General Assembly would not
until September.
No Withdrawal Indicated
There was no definite indic:
that Britain, which has se
plans for the independence o
dia and Burma and initiat
military withdrawal from E
would propose her perma
withdrawal from Palestine, t
Government sources indic
however, that the present st
ent regulations on immigr
and safeguards against vio
among the 600,000 Jews and
than 1,000,000 Arabs wouli
continued for the time being
British Driven to Decision
Britain was driven to her
sion by the refusal of either A
or Jews to even consider a
the suggestions put forwar
Britain to divide the country
federal states or cantonize it
Arab and Jewish districts "u'
overall British admninistrato
The immediate Arab reacti
the British announcement
that Arabs would not neces
accept an international dec
Krueger Wil
Conduct Herl
Detroit Symphon)
To Appear Monda
In his second appearance ir
Arbor with the Detroit Syml:
Orchestra, Karl Kreuger, co
tor, Will present an all Beeti
and Tschaikowsky program a
p.m. Monday in Hill Auditor:
Kreuger took over the le
ship of the orchestra only
seasons ago after heading
Kansas City Philharmonic an
Seattle Symphony. Born in
sas, Kreuger received his tra
and did his early conducti
Europe.
The Detroit Symphony
founded in 1914. Under its se

L UMINOUS FLUX' :
U' Vision Research Results
May Better Airfield Lighting
One of commercial aviation'sofrom a distance of 300 feet, even if
biggest headaches-airport light- the candlepower of the light were
ing-may be relieved as the result reduced 70 per cent.
of experiments being conducted by If the smaller signal light were
the University's Vision Research operated on the same candle-
Laboratory. power as the larger light, it
H. Richard Blackwell, 26-year- would be visible at more than 300
old Laboratory director, said that feet. he said, but atmosphere con-
basic research on how the eye ditions would limit increased visi-
works might bring about increased bility.
safety and a saving in electric Because of the discovery's po-
nower n'ePesarv to nerni a irnodrtud

VE TER ANS' rEEDS CITED:
Village Day Nursery Subsidy Rejected
By WALT HOF I-AN be replenished by the Legislature, nursery school could probably be
C ol.R mln P r_ s, p Tir n r a rtra3- -n anmn"uno n aL- - - rl Qf_ca rrrtFt r

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