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May 16, 1947 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-05-16

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WALLAC:

PRO AND CON
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

Du1 ii4

CLOUDY,
SHOWERS

VOL. LVIL.Na. 159 --~ --
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 16, 1947

PRICE FIVE CENTS

U.N. Creates

Commission
On Palestine
Small Neutrals
To Make Inquiry
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, May 15 - Ti
United Nations Assembly toda
created a small-nation, "neutial
commission to make an unrestric
ted inquiry into the complex prol
lems of Palestine and report bac
in the fall with recommendatior
for solution.
The extraordinary assembly c
the 55 nations then adjourned fir
ally. at 1:57 p.m. (EST) after 1
days of deliberations.
To Meet in May
UN officials immediately an
nounced that the 11-nation in
quiry commission would meet Ma
26 at Lake Success preparatory t
flying to Palestine to begin inves
tigations on the spot.
The A r a b countries balke
against the Assembly decision t
the end.
The final vote formally settin
up and instructing the commissioi
was 46 to 7, with Siam abstain
ing and Haiti absent. Only Tur
key and Afghanistan joined th
Arab states - Saudi Arabia, Syr
ia, Lebanon, Egypt and Iran-:
a final dissent.
Mild Abstention
In the closing hours, the Sovie
Union gave up its long fight t
force the Big Five to serve on th
inquiry commission and mildl:
abstained on the section of th
resolution naming Australia, Can.
ada, Czechoslovakia, Guatemala
India, Iran, the Netherlands, Peru
Sweden Uruguay and Yugoslavia
The Arabs also refused to joir
in a Norwegian resolution calini
for an interim truce in the Holy
Land pending action by the UN.
U Buildings
Ap ropriation
Passes Senate
The Heath Bill, appropriating
$3,200,000 for the present Univer-
sity building program, was passec
yesterday by the State Senate.
At a meeting with the House
Ways and Means Committee ir
January, the University requestec
$6,360,000 for the completion of
buildings now under construction.
This request came after rising
prices had boosted the program,
originally estimated at $8,000,000,
to $1l1,60,000.
Passage of the Heath Bill by the
House would bring the total ap-
propriation for the University's
program of five educational build-
ings to $8,000,000, leaving the
margin for increased construction
costs to be appropriated by the
1948 Legislature.
If House approval of the Heath
Bill is secured, the additional $3,-
200,000 will become available be-
fore June 30.
The Bill provides an identical
appropriation for Michigan State
College.
c cola rshi
Blanks Ready

Veterans May Apply
For 'Bomber' Fund
Application blanks for Bomber
Scholarships, open to veteran un-
dergraduates, may be picked up
this week at the Office of Student
Affairs in Rm. 2 University Hall.
Established during the war, the
Bomber Scholarships are annually
awarded to students who have
served in the armed services for
at least one year. The fund by-!
laws provide that the scholarships
shall be awarded without regard to
race, color or creed. Applicants are
selected according to need, charac-
ter and scholastic ability.
An estimated $28,000 was do-
nated to the fund by student or-
ganizations, faculty, executive and
alumni of the University during
the war. The scholarships are
awarded by a student committee
composed of presidents of campus

Wilkerson To Address
Stump Speakers Today
'Tung Oil' Banquet To Be Held in League;
Ancient Bell Will Take Part in Ceremonies
Main speaker at the Stump Speakers' Tung Oil Banquet, to be
held at 6:15 p.m. today at the League, will be Daniel C. Wilkerson,
corporation lawyer,,engineer, and graduate of the United States Naval
Academy.
Sponsored by Sigma Rho Tau, honorary engineering speech so-
ciety, the event will be the .18th in an annual series of colorful in-
stitutional banquets.
Subject of Wilkerson's speech is "Why Haven't Modern War In-
ventions Been Made Available for Peacetime Use?" An officials of the
General Motors Corporation, and a resident of Detroit, Wilkerson

f Jam Session
&{ Will Be Held
lByEngineers
Jazz Artists To Play
At Island Saturday
Inaugurating a brand new socia
program, the Engineering Counci
will sponsor "Jammin' in 'de Sun,'
an open-air jam session, from 2 t
5 p.m. tomorrow on the Island.
Open, with admission free, to
all students who want to attend
the affair will feature local and
Detroit musicians. Arranged by
Malcolm Raphael, program direc
tor of the University Hot Record
Society, "improvised jazz" wil
be the main theme.
The Island, which is located in
back of the University Hospital on
the Huron River, will be outfitted
with a public-address system in-
stalled in the small pavilion at the
end of the island. The musicians
will be playing from this pavilion,
and students will sit on the grass.
The Council urges that "all
cats" come in informal attire. Hot
dogs and soft driiks will be sold at
a booth operated by members of
the local chapter of the Society
of Women Engineers.
Ev Ellin, president of the Coun-
cil, announced last Wednesday
that efforts were being made to
include Gene Krupa and his Jazz
Trio in the affair, but no reply to
a night telegram sent to him has
as yet been received.
In a statement of plans issued
last Saturday by the Co=ncl, Ellin
said that "it is hoped that this
affair will give the engineering
student body some idea of what
we plan to offer them in the way
of mixers, activities, parties and
other affairs next fall."
IRA To Fight
Callahan Bill
"Witch Hunt' Danger
Seen in Provisions
Declaring that the Callahan
bill for the registration of foreign
dominated organizations forbodes
a "witch hunt," the Inter-Racial
Association went on record last
night as opposed to the measure
and urged its membership to in-
itiate a post card campaign for its
defeat in the State House of Rep-
resentatives.
The bill, which has already
passed the Senate, provides that
all organizations of such affilia-
tion register with the attorney
general, who will reserve the right
to check the books and records of
the group in question.
The IRA voted, too, to join the
inter-organization coordinating
committee, initiated recently by
ADA as a means of securing com-
mon action to cope with common
issues confronted by several
groups.

'> also has degrees from the Univer-
sity of Maryland.
Wartime Inventions in Peacetime
The talk will cover wartime in-
ventions and their relation to the
peacetime economy in the follow-
ing engineering fields: automotive,
aviation, large landtransporta-
tion, marine transportation, me-
tallic and chemical materials, elec-
tronics, and atomic energy. In-
cluded in his discussion will be the
latest information on air condi-
1 tioning, communications, plastics
1 and synthetics, radar techniques,
" television and other developments.
o Wilkerson pioneered in estab-
lishing government postal motor
o delivery service in 1912, and is a
, former member of the U. S. De-
I partment of Commerce radio ad-
visors' committee. A former auto-
- motiveand science editor of the
I Washington Herald, he partici-
l pated in early development of mil-
itary projects, such as radio-
guided missiles, in 1923 and 1924.
Toastmaster at the Banquet will
be Assistant Dean Walter J. Em-
mons of the College of Engineer-
ing.
Oldest Ann ArborBell
The oldest bell in Ann Arbor,
one which rang for city functions
and emergencies way back in the
1860's, will take an active part in
the ceremonies. Known as the
Old Ann Arbor Bell, it was pre-
sented last May 9 to Sigma Rhd
Tau by the bell's trustees, I. J.
Folske and George Beuhrel, in a
formal ceremony.
Members will remove the bell
from its site on the lawn in front
of East Hall today and carry it
into the dining room, where its an-
cient, but clear and resounding,
tones will be heard during proce-
dures of the banquet.
25 Years the Town-Crier
The antique, once in the pos-
session of a group of German
townspeople in Ann Arbor known
as the "Arbiders," was for about
25 years the official sound organ
for the city. It pealed the lunch
hour and also the 9 p.m. curfew
back in Reconstruction days. The
bell was used in instances of
emergency also, being rung for
fires, deaths of prominent citizens,
and outbreaks of war.
It spoke for the first time since
its active days as announcer when
society members were bringing it
from its place of concealment over
to its new habitat around East
Hall, after the presentation by
the trustees.
At the banquet tonight it is ex-
pected to have the same great
range and beauty of tone that it
had when used over a century ago.
Explosion Hits
Mary Lee Shop
A blast originating in the back
of the Mary Lee Shoppe at 332 S.
State rocked the campus area at
11:43 p.m. yesterday.
No one was injured by the ex-
plosion which shattered 13 win-t
dows in the shop and surroundingl
buildings, including a neighboring<
bookstore. Firemen were still in-
vestigating the cause of the blast
as The Daily went to press.

Lewis, Coal
Operators To
Renew Talks
Deadlock Break
Seen as Hopeful
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 15-The
deadlock over industry-wide
bargaining in the soft coal indus-
try was broken today when John
L. Lewis agreed to bargain with a
group representing 75 per cent of
the soft coal tonnage mined by
the United Mine Workers.
This development came as no
great surprise despite the union's
previous insistence on natinal
bargaining. It means that real
bargaining over the terms of a
new contract will begin tomorrow
for the first time since Lewis
signed his agreement with the gov-
ernment last May 29.
Step Forward
It was a long step forward, and
Navy Captain N. H. Collisson,
federal coal mines administrator,
said "I think it's grand." Much
still remains to be done if a coal
strike is to be avoided after June
30, the date when the government
must restore to private ownership
the soft coal mines it seized a year
ago.
Lewis will sit down with a com-
mittee of mine operators from the
north, the west, and the "captive"
southern mines owned by northern
steel companies.
Demand Better Contract
He is expected to demand a bet-
ter contract than the present one,
which the federal courts forced
him to keep in effect as long as
the mines are federally held. He
is expected to demand a bigger
welfare fund, a permanent safety
code, and shorter hours with no
pay reduction.
If agreement is reached, it will
still leave the strong possibility
of a strike in southern mines-
West Virginia, Eastern Kentucky,
Virginia and Tennessee.
The Southern Coal Producers
Association refused to enter ne-
gotiations on a national basis. It
has asked Lewis to bargain f9r a
separate contract.
Barbers Shun
Discussion on
Discriminationt
Representatives of six campus
organizations, set to meet offi-
cers of the Ann Arbor Barbers'
Association to discuss discrimina-
tion against Negroes in the local
barber shops, yesterday, had their
meeting cancelled abruptly.
President Joe Knieper, of the
group which has been accused of
having a "gentleman's agreement"
under which Negroes are not
served, told The Daily it was "im-
possible" to meet with the stu-
dents. Knieper said he doubted
such a meeting would ever be held.
Carroll Little, president of In-
ter-Racial Association, pointed out
that, "such an agreement is con-
trary to the Michigan Civil Rights
Act, and individuals may be prose-
cuted. But we feel that approach-
ing the matter by way of the con-
ference table, instead of law suits,
will involve less inimical and an-
tagonistic consequences."
Asked, "If a Negro student came

into this shop, would you cut his
hair?" Barber Knieper told a re-
porter, "Well, I don't know; that
seems to be the trouble." Knieper
said, "We haven't refused any-
body," but asserted that he could
"quit anytime" as a barber if he
didn't care to serve someone.
Campus organizations to repre-
sent students wronged by the al-
leged discrimination at the can-
celled meeting were the campus
and Willow Village chapters of
AVC, the University chapter of
National Lawyers' Guild, Student
Religious Association, and The
Daily.
MYDA Denies
Finality of Ban
The Executive Committee of
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action declared yesterday that the
action by which MYDA was
banned from the campus is not a
"closed matter."
"Though President Ruthven h a

Wallace Declares
U.S. Must Survey
eeds of World
Former Viee-President Denouices
ijni an Doctirinie; Offers Alternative
By FRED SCHOTT
As a constructive alternative to the Truman doctrine, Henry A.
Wallace, leading critic of U. S. foreign policy, suggested yesterday that
the United States "buy peace through surveying the extreme needs of
the entire world," instead of basing hopes for peace upon the 400 mil-
lion dollar Greek-Turkish aid grant.
Speaking before an attentive audience of 6,000 that jammed into
Hill Auditorium, Wallace was given prolonged applause both before
and after his speech.
"I will continue to denounce the Truman doctrine," he said, "be-
cause I look upon it as certainly * * *
not the path to peace and maybe
the path to war." Wallace Sees

f

CONFER DURING GROMYKO'S ATTACK-Prince Faisal al
Saud (right), chife of the Saudi Arabian delegation, confers with
an advisor, Ahmed a Jabbar, as Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei
A. Gromyko, Russian delegate, delivers a vigorous attack on Brit-
ain's administration of Palestine at meeting of the United Na-
tions General Assembly's Palestine session in New York.
ATOMIC THEME:
Faculty Members To Speak
At 12th Sprmg Parley Today

The 12th Spring Parley will be
held in four sessions today and
_ tomorrow with the theme, "Im-
plications of the Atomic Age."
The first session, at 4 p.m. to-
day in Rackham Lecture Hall, will
consist of speeches by faculty
members in eight different fields.
Dean Hayward Keniston, of the
literary college, will discuss im-
plications of the atomic age on
education, Dean Ralph A. Saw-
yer of the graduate school, on
science, and Prof. Harold M. Dorr,
of the political science depart-
ment, on government.
World Relations
Speeches will continue with a
R =discussion by Prof. Lawrence
Preuss, of the political science de-
partment, of implications on world
relations, by Prof. Wesley H.
Maurer, of the journalism depart-
ment, on civil liberties, by Prof.
Frank L. Huntley, of the English
department, on social relations, by
Prof. Gardner Ackley, of the ec-
onomics department, on econom-
ics, and by Dr. Franklin H. Lit-
tell, director of the Student Re-
ligious Association, on religion.
Moderator will be Prof. John
L. Brumm, of the journalism de-
partment.
Faculty-Student Panel
Faculty-student panel discus-
sions of foreign relations, govern-
ment, science and education will
compose the second session of the
parley at 8 p.m. today in the
Union.
Faculty advisers for the panel
on science will be Prof. Ernest F.
Baker, of the physics department,
Prof. David T. Williams, of the
aeronautical engineering depart-
ment, Prof. Thomas S. Lovering,
of the geology department, Prof.
Wilfred Kaplan, of the mathemat-
ics department, and Prof. Fred J.
Hodges, chairman of the Depart-
German State
Called Chaotic
Newman Decries
Neglect of Economy
Economic and industrial reha-
bilitation of Germany at the pres-
ent time is in a chaotic condition,
according to Dean Albert D. New-
man, of the City College of New
York and former head of the
U. S. delegation on chemical in-
dustry in Germany, who lectured
to a group of engineering students
yesterday.
The Dean pointed out that too
much emphasis is being placed on
the political reforming of Ge
many instead of on the economic
and industrial reconstruction of
the country.
He said that it was absurd to
talk about taking machinery out
of Germany for reparations be-
cause this would only necessitate
investing more American capital
in Germany. Continuation of ex-
ports of German machinery to the
Allied nations would greatly

ment of Roentgenology. Bill Pidd
will moderate.
Foreign Relations Panel
Prof. Preuss will lead the panel
on foreign relations, assisted by
David Dutcher, moderator. Prof.
Dorr, Prof. Joseph E. Kallenbach,
of the political science depart-
ment, and Samuel J. Eldersveld,
instructor in political science, will
advise the panel on government,
Sidney Zilber will moderate.
The panel on education will be
led by Dean Keniston and Prof.
John Arthos, of the English de-
partient. Moderator will be Rob-
ert Taylor.
The third session of the parley,
to be held at 3 p.m. tomorrow in
the Union, will consist of panels
on religion, economics, and a
combined panel on civil liberties
and social relations.
At the final session, at 8 p.m.
tomorrow in the Union, panels
will make reports and general dis-
cussion will be held.
Speakers- Call
For Changes
In Curriculum
Broad and specific suggestions
for improvement of the Univer-
sity's curriculum were made by
the three speakers at the Town
Hall forum on "Proposed Curricu-
lar Changes," which was held at
8 p.m. yesterday in the ABC room
of the League.
Prof. Kenneth McMurry, repre-
senting the faculty committee on
proposed curricular changes,
traced the development of the
University's graduation require-
ments, from the early classical
education- plan to group and con-
centration requirements.
Ruth Rodenbeck, chairman of
the campus AVC's committee on
proposed curricular changes, urged
the establishment of a general ed-
ucation system, which woulld
award a degree in general educa-
tion, without requiring thirty
hours credit in one specific field
of interest.
Harold White, representing the
Student Legislature, called for the
institution of a course in "The
History of the Negro of the United
States." He cited evidence of the
bias on that topic which exists
in some currently used college
textbooks.
The student reaction was a gen-
eral desire for survey courses in
a rather broad field, which would
not demand prerequisites.

"I suggest that the various
economic committee in the Se-
curity council for Europe and
Asia .. . clear through the Se-
curity Council a plan to estab-
lish priorities for need," he said.
The need in western Russia is
the greatest of all, he said, be-
cause of war devastation and the
severe drought in the Ukraine.
The tremendous productive
power and generosity of the United
States qualified us to assume
leadership in establishing peace,
he added.
The most serious problem the
world has to face in the recon-
struction era, Wallace said, is the
danger of a depression. It can be
prevented, he said, with "some
imaginative planning."
"It would require 150 billion
dollars during the next ten years
to do a real job of reconstruc-
tion. Atleast 50 billion dollars
would have to come from the
United States, and more than
that if the standard of living
were to be raised in Russia and
Asia.."
But if American money overseas
runs out, he said, there will ulti-
matelyube a serious depression in
this country, with a possible an-
nual loss of 30 billion dollars, in
addition to unemployment.
"That can be prevented if you
have a world-widetNew Deal. I
want to see priorities established
for irrigation and power plants
all over~the world. I want to see
a Tigris-Euphrates Valley Au-
thority, and ,I want to see a Jor-
dan River Authority."
"Wallace then described the
"missionary spirit" that such a
program would need, saying that
we "have to be true to a funda-
mental generosity and under-
standing spirit," which is the
"best kind of religion and the
best kind of good business."
"If we look at things in the big
way, we'll be safe," he added.
Turning his attention to a pos-
sible Russian reaction toward the
"missionary" spirit, Wallace said
"try Russia out. Give her a
chance . . . they'll do .everything
to prevent another war. Hatred
doesn't cease by hating-you have
to get rid of it by putting some-
thing else in its place, and that is
understanding."
Offering a possible explanation
of Russia's refusal to join the In-
ternational Bank and UNESCO,
he believes the Russians "figure
we're going to have a terrible de-
pression and they don't want to
get any closer to it than they are
now. They think that when a de-
pression comes we'll be easier to
bargain with."
He said he considered that a se-
rious mistake on Russia's part.
At the beginning of his speech,
Wallace traced the events follow-
ing the first World War which he
said produced the same "hysteria
and incredible gullibility that are
with us now."
"We are going to look back on
this and laugh," he said, "but right
now it has serious implications for
college campuses in this country,
I hate to see the professors turn
tail and run, but I admire their
discretion"

Reporters At
Press Meeting
Suggests Expansion
Of World Bank Funds
Leaning back in his chair, and
making, a few wry asides to the
gentlemen of the press, Henry
Wallace elaborated on parts of
his speech yesterday and answered
questions put to him by reporters
at a press conference in the Stu-
dent Publications Building.
Explaining his plan to make 50
billion dollars available for a
"world New Deal," Wallace sug-
gested that the funds of the In-
ternational Bank of Reconstruc-
tion be expanded "so that much
more money would be made avail-
able."
Security and Progress
"The problem is: how can our
savings be invested to bring about
the maximum of security and pro-
gress," he said. "Part of our sav-
ings should be used for construc-
tion in the United States, part
for increasing the wages of labor,
and part for investment abroad.
Otherwise the high standard of
living in the United States will
produce tensions abroad which
will imperil the peace."
AYD Ban
Asked about the banning of
AYD on several campuses, Wallace
said, "The Justice Department has
given the word that the AYD is a
Communist front organization.
That doesn't prove anything one
way or another but it does make
it hot for college presidents."
Wallace was also asked the fol-
lowing questions:
Q. "How strong do you expect
progressive liberals to be in the
1948 election?"
A. "Too early to say.nI am ut-
terly amazed at the interest in
the liberal position. This meeting
here was an unusual meeting -
extraordinary interest displayed.
I thinkkthe political technicians
are reckoning without the grass
roots sentiment in the country."
Baruch Plan
Q. What do you think of the
Baruch plan for control of atomic
energy?
A. "I agree with the need for
inspection. It was put in too ex-
treme form, unfortunately, and
the Russians had to turn it down
in order to maintain their self-
respect . . don't have sympathy
See WALLACE, Page 6

INSTRUCTORS MOVE IN:
Eviction Notice Puts Technic
To Work Hunting New Space

Concentration
Talks Continue
SoeiologyDepartment
Set for Discussion
The sociology department will
sponsor the 13th concentration ad-
visement meeting at 4:15 p.m. to-
day in Rm. 35 Angell Hall.
The last in the series of con-
centration conferences planned to
assist sophomores and freshmen
in choosing a field of concentra-
tion, the meeting will feature talks
by Prof. Robert C. Angell, Arthur
E. Wood, Angus Campbell, Hor-
ace Miner and Amos H. Hawley.
Prof. Angell will discuss the
nature and scope of sociology, its
relation to other fields, and its
place in liberalheducation. The op-
portunities in social welfare and
criminology in the field of social
work will be the subject of Prof.
Wood's talk.
Personnel work and public opin-

r

About 40 engineering students
are looking high and low for a
couple rooms on campus.
Not for themselves, however.
This time it's the Michigan Tech-
nic, engineering student publica-
tion, which has received an evic-
tion notice.
Just recently the Technic edi-
tors were told that the chemical
engineering department would'
take over their quarters in Rm.
3036 East Engineering Building
at the end of the term. Apparent-
iv this is one of the ~first stepsn

place the instructors can hang
their hats."
Right now it seems likely that
the Technic will wind up in an of-
fice on the second floor of the
West Engineering Annex next
year. It's one of the few offices
on campus that can be reached
by a viaduct.
Administration officials have
stressed, however, that the situa-
tion is only temporary and that
adequate space is planned for
every student organization in the

World News at a Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 15-Ernest Weaver, President of the Associ-
ation of Communications Equipment Workers, said tonight he has
recommended that the union's pickets be withdrawn in all areas
where local unions have reached agreements with telephone companies,
*; * * *
JERUSALEM, May 15-Mines planted by the Jewish under-

I

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