A FACULTY FOR KNOWING:
Psychologist Sees Idiots,
Imbeciles At Tender Age
By HARRIET FRIEDMAN
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the 22nd
of a series of weekly articles on
Growing up with 5,000 assorted
idiots and imbeciles is enough to
drive anyone into psychology.
Prof. Urie Bronfenbrenner, orig-
inator of Psychology 41, Interper-
sonal Relations, was brought up
in an institute for the mentally
deficient in New York state where
his father was a pathologist.
When he reached the money-
making age, Prof. Bronfenbrenner
became an attendant at the hos-
pital. His duties included lead-
ing a platoon of 80 of the inmates
on a trash picking expedition over
the 3,200 acres of the hospital
Farewell to Octaves
Prof. Bronfenbrenner majored
in music and psychology at Cor-
nell College. "I graduated with
honors in music and none in psy-
chology, so I naturally dropped
By .this time Prof. Bronfen-
brenner had decided that his in-
terest was in "a combination of
psychology and education-the de-
velopment of personality," and he
entered Harvard to obtain his
master's in psychology.
In 1940, Prof. Bronfenbrenner
came to the University and worked
as a psychologist in the Univer-
sity elementary school. From April
until August, 1942, the army con-
fusedly delayed his induction as
he wrestled with his doctorate.
He received his doctor's degree,
Aug. 26 and was inducted Aug. 27
--"From PhD to private in 24
Picked Up Butts
After a short stay at Fort Cus-
ter "where I picked up cigarette
butts and got to know the idiot's
and imbecile's point of view,"
Prof. Bronfenbrenner was sent to
Maxwell Field, Ala. and then
Nashville, Tenn., where he "pushed
buttons" as a psychologist in se-
lecting and classifying men for air
Because of his knowledge of
Bus. Ad. Society
Louis W. England has been
named headmaster of Delta Sigma
Pi, professional business adminis-
tration fraternity, in an election
of officers for 1947-8.
Other officers elected are Rich-
ard F. Burke, senior warden; Rob-
ert J. Gaddis, junior warden; Ian
Hannington, treasurer; Rollin N.
Bubert scribe; Charles J. Burke,
chancellor; Clarence V. Babcock,
Russian, and his psychology train-
ing, Prof. Bronfenbrenner joined
the Russian division of Research
and Analysis branch of the OSS
where he was to analyze Russian
'All the News that Fits'
P,ussian newspapers were de-
layed for months, so the men in
the division spent most of their
time "reading between the lines
of The New York Times." If they
discovered anything they thought
important, "we wrote it up, label-
led it secret and put it into a safe."
Actually, a lot of this information
was used in weighing Russia's in-
tentions at the time of the Que-
bec conference, Prof. Bronfen-
The laboratory procedures of
Psychology 41, the course in In-
terpersonal Relations which Prof.
Bronfenbrenner inaugurated here,
were partially originated during,
his experience in the OSS Assess-
ments School, which he joined
Tales of a Vat Man
As part of the job of evaluating
men for OSS service, Prof. Bron-
fenbrenner began using "impro-
visations." One of the techniques,
which he has not been able to
reproduce at the University, in-
cluded plying the participants in
the situation with Vat 69 to ob-
tain relaxed reactions.
After being commissioner, Prof.
Bronfenbrenner was transferred to
Borden General Hospital in
Chickasha, Okla., a center for the
rehabilitation for the deaf. Again,
"improvisations" were used "in
helping the deaf learn how to live
with their handicap."
Prof. Bronfenbrenner became
Assistant Chief of the Clinical
Psychology Division of the Veter-
ans Administration, after being
discharged from the army, and
helped plan research programs
for nationwide use.
What Can Be Done?
He returned to the University in
September, 1946, because he had
been offered the opportunity to re-
turn to active clinical work and to
present a course investigating
"how people get to be the way they
are, and what can we do about it."
This course, Psychology 41, was
needed because, Prof. Bronfen-
brenner said, It has long been
my feeling that there was a great
deal of room in the field of psy-
chology for investigating the im-
plications of psychology for posi-
tive, constructive living.
"I have been impressed with the
possibility of working with young
people, where one can work for
the future without having to undo
as much of the past."
U' Faculty Speakers
Listed for Program
The annual Adult Education In-
stitute, sponsored by the Univer-
sity Extension Service and the
Michigan Federation of Women's
Clubs, will be held at the Univer-
sity Tuesday through Thursday,
are expected to attend the pro-
gram of lectures on medicine, so-
cial science, music, and drama, to
be given by members of the Uni-
Speakers will be Dr. John M.
Sheldon, "Allergic Diseases"; Prof.
Glenn D. McGeoch, "How To Lis-
ten To Music"; Prof. Preston W.
Slosson, "Russia, the Enigmatic
Colossus"; Dean A. C. Furstenberg,
"Sinus Diseases"; Theodore E.
Heger, "Music Via the Radio";
Prof. Valentine B. Windt, "Thea-
ter Practice"; Prof. James 'K.
Pollock, "The German Problem";
Dr. Norman F. Miller, "Women at
Forty"; Prof. Howard Y. McClus-
ky "Democracy Begins at Home";
Prof. Marguerite V. Hood, "Sing-
ing in the Home"; and Prof. Will-
iam P. Halstead, "The New York
Miss Rose Colonge, Pennsylvania
State College specialist in com-
munity education, will lead the
discussions on recent developments
in the field of adult education.
Illness Figures Drop
After Spring Recess
Vacations evidently are worth
their time in health, or so the
Health Service report for April
With the "influenza-like" epi-
demic practically ended just before
the spring vacation, illness among
University students kept to an un-
usual low for the remainder of
the month, Dr. Warren E. For-
sythe Health Service director,
Upper respiratory infections
still held the lead as the "great-1
P., i' l ra. u ~f oft i A*A'- LS ao -
Will Be Held May 12-16
Seven departments of the literary college will hold concen-
tration advisement meetings this week, May 12-16.
The conferences have been planned for sophomores and
freshmen seeking assistance in choosing a field of concentration.
Speakers will attempt to make clear the nature and scope of a
departmental area of study, its relation to a liberal education
and its professional or vocational significance.
The program for this week follows:
Monday, May 12-Physics Department-4:15 p.m. 22,1 A II
Prof. H. R. Crane: Physics as a field of concentration.
Prof. J. M. Cork: Industrial opportunities in physics.
Monday, May 12-Foreign Language Department-4:15 p.m. 231
Prof. A. J. Jobin: Values in the study of the modern foreign
languages. (Advisers in the Romanic and Germanic lan-
guages will be present to answer the students' questions.)
Tuesday, May 13-English Department-4:15 p.m. 231 A H
Prof. L. I. Bredvold, Chairman
Prof. Karl Litzenberg: English as a field of concentration.
Prof. C. D. Thorpe: Professional opportunities for concen-
trators in English.
Tuesday, May 13-Mathematics Department-4:15 p.m. 3017 A H
Prof. T. H. Hildebrant: Mathematics as a field of concen-
Prof. C. H. Fischer: Actuarial mathematics.
Prof. P. S. Dwyer: Mathematical statistics.
* Prof. R. V. Churchill: Applied mathematics.
Mr. P. S. Jones: Teaching of mathematics.
Wednesday, May 14-Journalism Department-4:15 p.m. 2231
Prof. J. L. Brumm: Journalism as a field of concentration.
Prof. W. H. Maurer: Professional and vocational opportuni-
ties in journalism.
Prof. Donal Haines: Journalism in the field 'of magazine
Thursday, May 15-History Department-4:15 p.m. 35 A H
Prof. B. W. Wheeler: History as a field of concentration
(with particular reference to its place in general education).
Friday, May 16-Sociology Department-4:15 p.m. 35 A H
Prof. R. C. Angell: Nature and scope of sociology; relation
to other fields; its place in liberal education (academic op-
portunities for teaching and research).
Prof. A. E. Wood: Social work (opportunities in social wel-
fare and criminology).
Prof. Angus Campbell: Social psychology (opportunities in
personnel work and public opinion research).
Prof. Horace Miner: Social anthropology (opportunities in
government rural projects and administration of primitive
Prof. A. H. Hawley: Ecology and demographic studies (op-
portunities in community planning and administration;
CIPLES GUILD will hold a sup-
per meeting at 6 p.m. today at
the Christian Memorial Church.
GeorgeShepard, president of
the Student Federalists, has ar-
ranged a panel on "Christianity's
Role in World Government."
Dr. W. P. Lemon will speak on
"THE FAMILY PORTRAIT" at
the meeting of the WESTMIN -
STER GUILD to be held at 5 p.m.
Supper and a fellowship hour
will follow the meeting.
I e~ * * '
dent Guild at Memorial Christian
Church. Supper. Panel on "Chris-
tianit 's Role in World Govern-
Congregational -Disciples Guild.
Supper, 6 p.m.. Memorial Chris-:
tian Church. Panel discussion on
"Christianity's Role in World Gov-
Memorial Christian Church
( Disciples of Christ). Morning
Worship, 10:50 a.m. Sermon by
Rev. F. E. Zendt. Nursery for chil-
dren during the service,
University Lutheran Chapel:
Services, 9:45 and 11 a.m. Sermon
by the Rev. Alfred Scheips, "A
(Continued from Page 4)
SDAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
'>bers of the Lutheran Student As-
sociation of Michigan State Col-
lege at East Lansing will be guests.
Bible hour, 9:15 a.m. at the Center.
First Church of Christ, Scien-
tist, 409 S. Division St. Sunday
morning service at 10:30. Subject:
"Adam and Fallen Man." Sunday
School at 11:45. Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8 p.m.
Unity. Services, 11 a.m., Unity
Chapel. Subject: "Watching the
Universal Mother Work." There
will be no meeting of the Student
Discussion Group so that members
may attend the Walter Russel lec-
ture at the Masonic Temple, De-
troit, Scottish Rites Auditorium,
8:15. Admission free. Subject:
'World Government at the Cross-
The Asbury Quartet will sing
at the meeting of the WESLEY-
AN GUILD at 5:30 p.m. today.
A series of three marriage lec-
tures entitled "The State of the
Union" will be initiated by Dr. E.,
Lowell Kelly who will deal with
the subject in relation to each
A fellowship hour and supper
The NEWMAN CLUB will meet
at 3 p.m. today for the election
Students To Study
in the University will study his-
tory, language and culture of
Lithuania in a new campus club
organized this week.
The twenty-five club members
will study the language, the near-
est idiom to Sanscrit, with help
from Lithuanian-speaking towns-
Club officers, elected May 7th
are Carolyn M. Rovas, president;
Jack Karwales, vice-president, and
Blanche Burkhart, s e c r e t a iy-
treasurer. Dr. Malcolm Soule, of
the botany department, is faculty-
At its organizational meeting
Wednesday, the club heard Anna
Kaskas of the Metropolitan Opera
Company, sing Lithuanian songs.
They plan a picnic May 18th to
which all Lithuanian-American
students are invited.
Professor Max Fisch, of the
University of Illinois philosophy
department, will speak on the sub-
ject of "Evolution in American
Philosophy from 1860-1917" at
4:15 p.m. Tuesday in the Rack-
Buy and Hold
U. S. Savings Bonds!
Portrait of a Pious Mother."
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club: Supper meeting, 5:15 p.m.
at the Student Center.
Lutheran Student Association.
5:30 p.m., Zion Lutheran Parish
Hall. Supper, 6 p.m. Program of
student talent will follow. Mem-
First Unitarian Church. Edward
H. Redman, Minister. 10 a.m., Uni-
tarian-Friends' Church School and
Adult Study Group. 11 a.m. Serv-
ice. Sermon by Edward H. Red-
man: "What's In a Lifetime?" 6
p.m., Unitarian Student Group.
"Opening the Door to Palestine."
, --- _ --
' ' I '.
Students Receive Scholarships
(Continued from Page 1) I
_____ ____ian Wyman.
Five Harriet Eveleen Hunt
tablished in 1922 by a bequest of Scholarships, set up in 1937 by
Cornelius Donovan, of New Or- Ormond E. Hunt of Detroit as a
leans, La., the grants aid senior (memorial to his mother, were also
students in engineering who are awarded to self-supporting stu-
working their way through college. dents. Recipients this year in-
Recipients of the Donovan elude: Ernest Lamar Bailey, R.
ing to the report. The number of Scholarships are: Marvin A. Bor- Alan Dunlap, George Hogg, Jr.,
cases exceeded by 100 the figures geson, Richard Broad, James Rob- Charles William Schoendube and
for April of 1946. Other services, ert Burton, John Alden Clark, Robert Harvey Smith.
including clinic calls, infirmary 'George Robert Crossman, Milton John Stinson Howell was award-
patients, and special treatments, Daniel David, Marvins S. Dunen- ed the Joseph Boyer Scholarship,
were considerably lower than cor- feld, Stanton Tice East, Bryce which was established in 1938 by
responding figures quoted for last Malcolm Emunson, Cedric Val- Mrs. Henry E. Candler, Grosse
year. jean Fricke, Charles Edmund Pointe.
Guthrie, Ivan LeRoy Hanson, Robert Campbell Gemmell Me-
11l FLewis Francis Jilbert, Giles Garth morial Scholarships, set up for
Leeth, John William MacMillan, freshman and sophomore students
Leland Perry Stewart, Franklyn by Mrs. Lillian Gemmell of Oak-
b1terviewers Louis Thomas, Robert Julius Wer- land, Calif., in memory of her
nick, James Thomas Williams, brother. were awarded to Robert
Robert Carneiro, chairman of Weldon Hartley Wilson, Bernard, Newhall Clark, Arthur James
the Bureau of Student Opinion, William Wilterdink and Irma Mar- Knapp and James Henry Poppy.
asked yesterday that all students ;
interested in serving as inter- V
viewers for a forthcoming compre-
hensive poll of campus political Shower - WedIng GUf s
activity, file their applications .fS ow er Wdding IfS
atLane Hall before Wednesday. flFOR THE SPRING AND SUMMER BRIDES
The interviewers, who can also
help code and tabulate the ques~ BRIDGE SETS in Linen--hand-blocked or hand-embroidered
tionnaires, need no previous ex-
perience, Carneiro said, because COCKTAIL NAPKINS, Madeira Tea Napkns
they will be trained by the mem- LUNCHEON SETS of fine Belgian Linen--hand-blocked in
hers of the bureau. gay patterns and tub-fast colors
The questionnaire, which wills
contain open end questions, will Embroidered SHEET and PILLOW CASE SETS
be given to a scientifically selected DAN RIVER luxury muslin sheets and cases-81x108 and
cross-section of the student body. 72x108, cases 42"
Two pre-tests have already been
given to help the bureau formulate ~ L
questions. GA E N N SHP
The Bureau of Student Opinion
is being aided by two represents- Aiway Reasonably Priced! 11 NIcK s ARCADE
tives from the University Surveyls1A
Research Center. e_--yo< -yo<--y<--yo<- - - - -o --) )
fLUlflU"LF.IILThfll2TLtill 1ThR~1TUTP 1T~LFID fl Ri L7'LTLFU LL
Illy __jj _ . _
9e urA .
ti , '
/ ' ,,
* Life Bra...
fi f :
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our breathless collection
of bridesmaid dresses .
exquisite lingerie . .
glamorous trousseau clothes
so moderately priced . .
hats and veils for the
wedding party specially
designed by Annabelle at
our State Street store . - -
and by Virginia Cook at
our South University store
. from $12.50
liete poptFlarity poll.
This flat as flat Naturalizer
voted tops for clever design..
voted tops for low-down basic comfort..
voted tops for young high-style smartness.
GARTER BELT b , a In net with
satin inserts and stretchable
UPLIFT BRA . . . gently cups the
breasts, separating them deftly and
alluringly. Sizes 32 to 36. A, B and
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INFLATED BRA .,.. lace and satin
bra with sponge rubber pads for
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elastic garters and back.