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May 03, 1947 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-05-03

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See Page 4

L wFA6



Latest Deadline in the State


Bell .Co. Kills
Union's $11
Wage Boost
Strikers' Offer
Called 'Fantastic'
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, May 2-The Michi-
gan Bell Telephone Co. today re-
jected an offer of 6,000 striking
plant employes to end a 26-day
walkout on the basis of an overall
wage increase of $11 per week.
Vice President Herbert F. Lange
of Michigan Bell, termed "obvi-
ously fantastic" the union's re-
sponse to a company offer of $2 to
$4 weekly increases.
Bring Pay Rates in Line
The proposals advanced by the
executive board of Local 43, Fed-
eration of Telephone Employes of
Michigan (Ind.), called for a $6 per
week across the board wage boost
plus a $5 weekly upward adjust-
ment which the union said was
needed to bring pay rates of its!
members in line with other em-
ployes within and without Michi-
gan Bell.
The original union demand
when the strike began April 7
called for a $12 weekly boost plus
the $5 adjustment.
Plan Kept Quiet
An estimated 12,000 operators
and clerical workers, affiliated
with Local 44 of the union, did
not make public their counter-
proposal to the company $2-$4 of-
fer which they rejected soon after
it was made Wednesday.
Besides the wage increase, the
plant employes asked a reduction
of Michigan Bell wage areas in the
CHICAGO, May 2-(,P)-Set-
tlement of the Illinois Bell Tele-
phone strike on the basis of a
$4 weekly general wage increase
was announced tonight by fed-
eral and state labor coneilia-
state from 11 to five, with a maxi-
mum difference of $8 weekly ill
wage rates for similar jobs.
Reduce Seniority 'Time
Included in the demands also
was a proposal to reduce from
eight to six years the length of
time required for an employe to
work his way up to the maximum
salary bracket.
Lange said the wage proposals
alone amounted to 27% cents an
hour in the Detroit area and as
high as 47% cents outstate.
The Union Executive termed
the $5 wage adjustment "a must"
in addition to the across the board
wage boost. It said plant employes
receive less than other employes in
the Bell System in Michigan and
$5 less than plant workers in New
Express Hope
For Settlement
Federal conciliators, pinning their
hopes on a compromise wage
formula, said today they are "be-
ginning to see the light of day"
in efforts to break a deadlock in
the 26-day-old telephone strike.
Announcement of the wage hike
proposal was made late today by
Peter J. Manno and William N.
Margolis, federal conciliators who
had kept company and union rep-
resentatives in almost unbroken

sessions since 11 a.m.
Rejected Proposal
Manno said the American Union
of Telephone Workers represent-
ing 20,000 long lines workers, re-
jected the proposal and "stands by
its demand for a flat $6 increase
across the board."
Conciliators decided to try
again, calling company and
union officials back into session at
9 o'.clock tonight.
"We feel some progress has been
made," Manno told reporters.
Key Segment
The long lines division is a key
segment of the striking National
Federation of Telephone Workers.
Government conciliators believe
that an agreement in this phase
of the dispute could provide.a pat-
tern for bringing the cross-coun-
try walk-out, now in its 26th day,
to a speedy end.
Vet Bonus Head
To Use Inmates

' (

j E _

t ┬░rC35t ; ;V ' . .

FRESH AIR CAMP GAINS AS MUSIC LOSES-Benefit performan ce of the Spike Jones "Musical Depreciation Review" resulted in a
substantial contribution by Panhellenic Association toward the buil ding of a beach house (shown above) for the Fresh Air Camp. The
projected beach house will provide facilities for underprivileged boy s who attend the camp each summer. It will also be open to students
next winter for dances and sports, and plans are being made to inelude ski and toboggan slides and other sports equipment at the Camp.



Jews Barred
From Floor
Debate in U.N.
U.S., Britain Defeat
Czech-Pole Proposal
NEW YORK, May 2-444-Unit-
ed States and Britain won a stiff
fight tonight in the United Na-
tions Assembly's Steering Com-
mittee to bar Jewish representa-
tives from floor debate in the full
55-nation assembly on Palestine.
The vote was 11 to 0, with Cze-
choslovakia, Poland and Russia
The Assembly itself still must
approve or reject the decision of
the steering committee.
Czechoslovakia and Poland,
backed by Russia, lost out in an at-
tempt to invite the Jewish agency
for Palestine to appear before the
Assembly and state its case.
The vote on the Czech-Polish
proposition was eight to three,
with three abstentions. Canada,
France, China, the United States,
Britain, India, Egypt and Sweden
voted against the Czech-Polish
resolution; Russia, Czechoslovakia
and Poland voted for it; Brazil,
Honduras and Ecuador abstained.
The United States, Britain and
Russia agreed that the United Na-
tions should hear Jewish views but
they disagreed radically on how
this should be done.
Teachers Pan
Strike Monday
DETROIT, May 2-(A')-Teach-
ers of East Detroit went ahead to-
day with plans for a salary strike
Monday as negotiations failed to
produce an agreement.
Parents of the 3,500 high school
and grade school students were no-
tified by mail of the scheduled
strike and the teachers also dis-
tributed handbills to inform the
general public.
Miss Kathryn Rothenberger,
president of the AFL East Detroit
Federation of Teachers, said the
community's four school buildings
would be picketed, starting Mon-
day morning.
The union asks a $2,400 mini-
mum yearly salary and a maxi-
mum of $3,800 compared to the
present $1,800 and $2,650.

'Musical Depreciation' Funds
To Build Camp Beach House

Result of the recent benefit per-
formance of the Spike Jones "Mu-
sical Depreciation Review" is a
substantial contribution by Pan-
hellenic Association toward the
building bf a much-needed beach
house for the University Fresh Air
The projected beach house will
Italians Fight
In Assembly
May Day Massacre
Blamed for Fracas
ROME, May 2-(P)-Fist fights
flared in the Constituent Assembly
today after a Sicilian Communist
leader blamed the May Day mas-
sacre of eight labor demonstrators
near Palermo on a leader of the
Mafia and cried out "we are before
an organization trying to provoke
civil war in Italy."
In Sicily heavy police forces
scoured the bandit-infested moun-
tains for the mounted men who
poured 10 minutes of deadly ma-
chine gun fire into the unsuspect-
ing ranks of 400 labor demonstra-
tors at Portella Della Ginestra.
The toll mounted to eight with the
death of another woman, the sec-
ond in the list of victims. A child
was among the 33 wounded.
The Interior Ministry here said
64 persons had been arrested thus
far. Palermo dispatches placed the
total at 30.
The Sicilian Chamber of Labor
was contemplating a general
strike, and authorities who feared
that such action might set off la-
bor disturbances throughout Italy
appealed to the workers to remain
Deans ElectN ew
National President
Dean E. L. Cloyd, of North Car-
olina State College, Raleigh, N.C.,
was elected president of the Na-
tional Association of Deans and
Advisors of Men at the. final ses-
sion of the group's annual meet-
ing yesterday in the Union.

provide showers and dressing
rooms for underprivileged; boys
who attend the (amp each sum-
mer. In addition, the first floor of
the building will house boats and
other equipment. When com-
pleted, the boat house could be
used in the winter by ice skaters.
Not enough funds were collected
from the "City Slickers" show to
cover the entire cost of the beach
house. According to Betty Pritch-
ard, publicity chairman for the
benefit performance, the remain-
der of the cost of building ,the
beach house will have to be raised
in another drive next year.
The contributions received from
the annual Tag Day Drive held
Wednesday will not be used for the
project, because they are tradi-
tionally used to buy food supplies
for the campers, Miss Pritchard
The Fresh Air Camp will be open
to students next winter for dances
and sports, and plans are going
ahead to provide ski and tobog-
gan slides and other sports equip-
ment. The use of the funds raised
by the Spike Jones show for the
beach house will free other con-
tributions to the camp so that
they may be used in wintertizing
the camp for student use.
World News
By The Associated Press
CLEVELAND, May 2 - Henry
A. Wallace said tonight that the
recent conference of Foreign Min-
isters at Moscow "ended in dead-
lock and failure," and that any
hopes for its success were shat-
tered when President Truman
announced his four hundred mil-
lion dollar anti-Soviet crusade."
NANKING, May 2-Yen Hsi-
Shan, longtime semi-indepen-
dent governor of Shansi Prov-
ince, was reported by the Chin-
ese press today to have tele-
graphed urgently to Generalissi-
mo Chiang Kai-Shek for quick,
substantial help in defending
his capital, Taiyuan, against a
Communist onslaught.
WASHINGTON-Mexican Pres-
ident Aleman is assuring U.S.
capital that there won't be any
more expropriations in Mexico
like that of U.S., British and
Dutch oil properties in 1938. He
has hopes for private aid in fi-
nancing a $500,000,000 program
of making Mexico produce what
she eats, wears and uses.
-A House Veterans Subcom-
mittee approved a bill increas-
ing subsistence benefits of ap-
proximately 131,000 disabled
veterans, t a k i n g on-the-job
training, from $105 to $115
monthly for single veterans and
$115 to $135 for married vet-
government introduced greatly
magnified photographs of typed
words and figures today to sup-
nort its ehrge in the Garsson-

Plans Review
Of Atomic Age
Speakers to Exalnine
Seven Aspects of Era
"Implications of the Atomic
Age" will be the gener al theme of
the first Spring Parley since be-
fore the war to be held May 16 and
17 in the Union.
The theme, as well as the
agenda and speakers for the tra-
ditional all-campus forum, was
announced by a committee com-
posed of represenatives of 18 cam-
pus organizations who met yester-
day at the invitation of Americans
for Democratic Action. Implica-
tions of the "atomic age" in seven
different fields will be discussed by
students and faculty members in
four sessions of the parley.
Speakers and Subjects
The speakers, and the subjects
they will discuss, are: Dean Ralph
A. Sawyer of the graduate school
-science, Erich A. Walter, Direc-
tor of the Office of Student Af-
fairs-education, Prof. Lawrence
Preuss, of the political science de-
partment-world relations, Prof.
Harold M. Dorr, of the political
science department-government,
Prof. Gardner Ackley, of the eco-
nomics department - economics,
Prof. Frank L. Huntley, of the
English department-social rela-
tions, and Prof. Wesley H. Maurer,
of the journalism department-
civil liberties. -
Prof. John L. Brumm of the
journalism department will act
as moderator for the parley.
Speak for Ten Minutes
At the first session, to be held at
4 p.m. May 1'6, each speaker will
give a ten-minute address in his
specific field, followed by a gen-
eral discussion. The second and
third sessions, at 8 p.m. May 16
and 3 p.m. May 17, will consist of
informal panel discussions of the
The final session, at 8 p.m. May
17, will offer the students an op-
portunity to report on their panel
discussions, and to discuss further
any topic. All sessions will be held
in the Union.
Panels Informal
Sherman Weiner, chairman of
the general committee, said the
discussion would hit on such spe-
cific topics as preservation of de-
mocracy, prevention of war, pro-
tection of civil liberties, relation of
the citizen to the state, conserva-
tion of social values and mainte-
nance of a free economy.
Stressing the fact that the pan-
els will be completely informal,
Weiner said he hoped they would
be considered as "family affair bull
sessions," offering students an op-
portunity to "talk things over with
their professors."
The committee will meet to dis-
cuss further plans at 5 p.m. Wed-
nesday in the Union. Any other
organizations wishing to send rep-
resentatives may do so.

Curb Uiatus'
By Coercion
Senate c Ands
Labor Bill, 60-28
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 2 --Mus-
tering enough votes to override
a presidential veto, the Senate to-
day slapped a provision into its
general labor bill forbidding union
coercion of workers.
The amendment, sponsored by
both Democrats and Republicans,
was adopted by a roll call vote of
60 to 28.
The First Step
It was the first step in a move
led by Senators Taft (Rep., Ohio)
and Ball (Rep., Minn.) to write
into the bill several union restric-
tions disapproved by the Senate
Labor Committee.
Senator Hatch (Dem., N.M.) and
Olin D. Johnston (Dem., S.C.) said
that adding the amendment to the
bill would increase the likelihood
of a veto by President Truman.
The Basic Theory .
But Taft said the provision em-
braces "the basic theory of the en-
tire bill: to create an equality be-
tween employer and employ to
correct abuses where one party has
an advantage over the other."
Fourth-five Republicans joined
15 Southern Democrats in support
of the amendment. Against it
were 25 Democrats and three Re-
publicans-Senators Aiken (Vt.),
Morse (Ore.) and Langer (N.D.).
The amendment was sponsored
by Senators Ball, Byrd (Dem.,Va.),
George (Dem., Ga.) and Smith
(Rep., N. J.
It would make it an unfair labor
practice for a union or its agents
to "restrain or coerce" workers in
exercising their right to choose a
union and to bargain collectively
through representatives they se -
Cease And Desist Order
If a union violated this prohibi-
tion, the National Labor Relations
Board could issue a "cease and de-
sist" order. If the order were ig-
nored, the board could ask the
courts to enforce it by a restrain-
ing edict.
With the anti-coercion amend-
ment out of the way, the Senate
turned to the next #n the series
urged by Taft and Ball but re-
cessed until Monday without
reaching a vote. It would restrict
industry-wide bargaining by for-
bidding national unions to dictate
contract terms to their locals.
Union Merger
Held Back by
Merger of the AFL and CIO was
set back indefinitely today as the
two big labor groups disagreed
on how it should be achieved.
But they agreed to fight to-
gether against the union-curbing
bills in Congress.
"It is the unanimous opinion
of the representatives of the CIO
and AFL that organic unity should
be established within the Ameri-
can labor movement," the com-
mittees of the AFL and CIO said
in a joint statement concluding
two days of conferences.
Each turned down the other's
specific plan for b r i n g i n g it
about, however.

The CIO plan called for a grad-
ual approach toward a unified or-
ganization, prefaced by such steps
as a joint drive against pending
labor legislation, a "no raiding"
pact to eliminate jurisdictional
disputes, and acceptance of the
principle of industrial organiza-
tion. An industrial union contains
many types of workers. It con-
trasts with the craft union, which
generally speaking is limited to
one type. Historically, the AFL
has been based on craft unions.

to grant higher wages being nego-
tiated with building trades unions.
"We can carry on the projects
by absorbing the increased costs
and cutting corners," said Perkins.
"We can't carry on by adding any
more to the budget, however."
Trim Outlay
Chairman Otto W. Bishop of the
Scnate Finance Committee warned
state administrative officials that
legislators do not yet see how they
can find enough funds to keep up
the projects at present costs to
next Jan. 1.
Dr. Ruthven suggested it was
possible to trim the $22,000,000
outlay of university and college
projects by leaving rooms unpaint-
ed and unplastered in some build-
Provide for Sharing
Because the contractors work on
a cost-plus-fee contract, they can
not pay higher wage scales unless
the state reimburses them.
Perkins recommended that all
educational institutions adminis-
ter their programs so as to pro-
vide for sharing of a maximum
$10,000,000 next year. His sugges-
tions was adopted by the building
committee, headed by Secretary of
State Farederick M. Alger, Jr.
Baruch Warns
U. S. Against
Tax Reduction
The Senate Finance Committee
wound up its tax hearings today
with advice from Bernard M. Ba-
ruch not to cut taxes "at all" and
testimony from E. M. Voorhees of
U. S. Steel that tax reduction
would help business.
Hearings ended with committee
members pretty well agreed that
a cut will be approved but uncer-
tain over the effective date.
Chairman Millikin (Rep., Colo.)
said that "the most important
question" to be decided at closed
sessions of the committee next
week is when to make the income
tax reduction effective. The bill
passed by the House would make
the tax cuts retroactive to last Jan.
1, but some Senators favor starting
them July 1 and others would de-
fer them until next Jan. 1.
Baruch wrote Senator Lucas
(Dem., Ill.) of the committee that
"until we know more of what our
obligations are to be-national and
international-I would not reduce
taxes at all."
Lucas, who opposes an immedi-
ate tax cut, had written Baruch
for his views.
Voorhees, chairman of the Unit-
ed States Steel Corporation's fi-
nance committee,Cadvocated a tax
reduction as an incentive to pro-
duction. He said that the present
tax structure is "a wet blanket
smothering the incentive of the
very group which has competi-
tively proved its capacity to initi-
ate new enterprise or expand small
enterprise or expand small enter-
prise that will provide new jobs
for workers and goods and services
for all."

U Laborers
Return to Jobs
After Walkout
Workers Are Given
25 Cent Wage Raise
Construction work on all Uni-
versity projects was back to almost
normal yesterday when a major-
ity of the 70 trowel workers re-
turned to their jobs, ending a one
day walkout.
The workers were speedily noti-
fied by foremen of the contractor
companies that the University
had decided late Thursday night
to meet their wage demand for a
25 cents per hour increase pend-
ing a definite policy decision on
the issue by the State government,
Contractors Granted Raise
This wage hike had been pre-
viously granted to members of the
Bricklayers, Masons and Plaster-
ers union (AFL Local 14) by the
Ann Arbor General Contractors
Association, but the University's
contractors, not affiliated with the
local organization, were not bound
by this decision and could not pay
the higher wage scales unless the
state reimbursed them through the
Officials of the Bryant Det-
wiler company, University con-
tractor, said yesterday that only
a few of the 25 bricklayers in their
employ had not returned to work
in the morning, and that they
were quickly being rounded up by
telephone and other means. The
company expected to have its full
force on the job Monday.
Workers Rounded Up
It was also revealed that ap-
proximately 75 per cent of the 45
trowel workers employed by the
George A. Fuller company had re-
turned to work in the morning
with the remainder expected to be
on the job shortly.
Officials of both companies were
notified late Thursday night by
Walter Roth, University Plant De-
partment Superintendent, of the
University's p o 1 i c y statement,
which was made after the State
Administrative Board's building
'committee authorized the payment
of prevailing local wages for yes-
terday only and deferred a final
decision until a scheduled meeting
with Gov. Kim Sigler, which was
held yesterday.
U.S. Warsh's
Visit Turkey
Naval Force Passes
Through Dardanelles
ISTANBUL, Turkey, May 2-
(A")-An American Naval force,
fresh from Mediterranean maneu-
vers, rode at anchor in the narrow
Bosphorus tonight at the start of
a five-day visit which Turks ac-
cepted happily as another mani-
festation of the aid they want
so badly.
This was the third time within
a year that American warships
have come to Turkey, whose guar-
dianship of the Dardanelles has
placed her face to face with Rus-
sian demands for a hand in con-
trol of the Straits. It was the first
time that an aircraft carrier ever
had traversed the Dardanelles.
While the U.S. Navy insisted the
stay here simply was a social call
during a break in training exer-
cises, the average Turk had other
ideas, especially in view of the

Stie Gives Green
Light to Schools'
Building Project
Boa r( IDecision Follows Conference
WiiIl Ru lhven, Hlanniah, Contractors
By The Associated Press
LANSING, May 2-In spite of rising wage costs, the administra-
tion today gave the go-ahead to the state's $35,000,000 institutional
construction program, so long as funds are available.
The decision followed a conference that included Governor Sigler,
the administrative board's building committee, legislative fiscal lead-
ers, Budget Director John A. Perkins, University of Michigan President
Alexander G. Ruthven and Michigan State College President John A.
A suggestion was rejected that work on the program be halted
rather than authorize contractors

Michigan Scientists Support
Bill To Regulate Vivisection

Michigan medical scientists are
switching from defense to offense
in supporting the first piece of
positive annual experimentation
legislation ever to come before the
State Legislature.
Dr. Albert C. Furstenberg, Dean
of the Medical School, told the
House public health committee in
a hearing this week that if the bill
is passed "men in medical science
will no longer be harrassed by anti-
vivisectionists, a sincere and hon-
est but ill-informed group, and will
be able to attend to their research
without the continual interrup-
tions and delays they work against
now hecnus of ever-rising pro-

posing animal experimentation.
Senate bill No. 201 would do just
what the anti-vivisectionists are
asking, Dr. Furstenberg said. "It
provides for the regulation of ani-
mal research which can be abused
by people who are properly
equipped to do the job, either in
ability or facilities. It would pre-
vent undue injury to the animals
and unnecessary research efforts."
The bill is supported by the Uni-
versity's Medical School, Wayne
University Medical School, Univer-
sity of Detroit Dental School, and
the Veterinary School of Michigan
State College. The deans of these
schools plus a representative from
a research laboratory within the

NSO Plans National Service Program

The National Student Organiza-
tion, now in a formative stage in
the United States, will be built on
a "broad service program to stu-
dents," both international and do-
mestic in scope, according to Jim

Smith listed four main purposes
of the National Student Organi-
zation in this country:
1. It would seek to make student
governments "functional rather

higher education and those'of race,
creed or color.
3. It would seek to aid student
-welfare, pooling information from
the nation's campuses on health,
housing, graduate study oppor-

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