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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVII, No. 125 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 28, 1947
Broader Physical ducation Plan Is
PRICE FIVE CENTS
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, March 27 - Soviet
Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov
gave ground tonight under pres-
sure from. the three western na-
tions and agreed to discuss a defi-
nition of German assets in Austria
-the key issue in the writing of
the Austrian peace treaty.
He submitted to the Foreign
Ministers Council a compromise
proposal which the American au-
thorities said unofficially was too
vague to p e r m i t acceptance.
Whether Molotov's retreat fore-
shadowed agreement on the Aus-
trian pact remained in doubt.
For two hours Molotov clung
steadfastly to his argument that
any German assets in the eastern
zone of Austria belonged to Rus-
sia without question, and that
no definition of what constituted
German assets was necessary. The
problem, he said, was covered
adequately by the Potsdam agree-
ment which Russia has interpret=
ed as allowing her to take what-
ever she pleased.
Secretary of State Marshall,
French Minister Georges Bidault
and British Secretary Ernest Bev-
in had insisted that it was neces-
sary to define what constitutes
German assets in Austria. They
maintained that the Germans had
seized much Austrian and United
Nations property without pay-
ment, and this could not be con-
sidered German although .it was
in German hands at the end of
To Define German Assets
in partial acceptance of a
French proposal, Molotov sug-
gested that the deputy foreign
ministers be instructed to "pre-
pare a definition of German as-
sets excluding property seized by
the Germans by direct force, or as
a measure of aryanization with-
out compensation from the United
Nations or Austrians."
The French proposal would have
the deputies prepare a "definition
of Gerznan assets excluding all
property taken by force or duress,
and in general unduly taken by
the Germans from the United Na-
tions or Austria for religious, lpo-
litical and racial reasons."
Molotov's elimination of the
phrase "by duress" would give
the Russians a right to assets
taken by the Nazis by the use
of threats and other pressure.
Fight To Restrict AFM
Now Before Congress
Dr. Joseph E. Maddy, director
of the National Music Camp at
Interlochen, said last night that
he may soon reach the showdown
in his five-year battle with James
C. Petrillo, czar of the American
Federation of Musicians.
A letter from' Rep. Carroll D.
Kearns (Rep., Pa.), has informed
Dr. Maddy that Petrillo will be
called before a House committee
investigation labor rackets next
Dr, Maddy, recently returned
from Washington where he testi-
fied in behalf of legislation to
curb the AFM president, said that
he would take a personal interest
in the investigation.
"I'll be there with bells on," he
The Lea Act, designed to prevent
unions from interfering with non-
commercial program broadcasts,
will be tested by the Supreme
Court before Petrillo testifies, Dr.
He was ousted from the union
last year for failing to comply with
a Petrillo order.
pring W eat er
House Republicans Pass
'3O-20' Income Tax Cut
Bill Goes Through on 273-137 Vote, Senate
Position On Measure Regarded Uncertain
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 27-Republicans rammed their "30-20"
income tax slash through the House on schedule today, 273 to 137,
and sent it to a less enthusiastic Senate.
The final roll call found 233 Republicans joined by 40 Democrats
for the bill. Against it were 133 Democrats and Representatives Engel
(Rep., Mich.), Buffett (Rep., Neb.), H. Carl Andersen (Rep., Minn.)
and Marcantonio (AL., N.Y.).
Are Listed For
Fletcher Hall and the West
Quadrangle, men's residences, and
Mosher Hall, Jordan Hall and
Helen Newberry Residence, wom-
en's residences, will be the only
dormitories open during the sum-
mer session, Francis C. Shiel,
business manager of residences
halls, announced yesterday.
University officials have indi-
cated that an attempt will be made
to keep rooms to normal capacity
during the summer session, which
will last from June 23 through
Closed for Repairs
Stockwell Hall and Betsy Bar-
bour House will be closed for re-
pairs. Martha Cook Building will
also be closed. Helen Newberry
Residence will be open only for
the six-week summer session.
The . Bast Quadrangle and Vic-
tor Vaughan House will be closed
during the summer. No meals will
be served in Fletcher Hall.
University officials stress that
approval of application for a
room in the residence halls dur-
ing the summer session holds only
for the summer session.
League houses, private homes
and sororities, some of which will
be operated on a "boardinghouse"
basis, will provide additional liv-
ing quarters for women students
Mosher and Jordan Halls will
house both graduate and under-
graduate women. A high percent-
age of women students attending
the University during the summer
session are graduates and teachers
seeking advanced degrees.
The education school will offer
both a six-week and an eight-
week course for the summer ses-
sion. The public health school will
offer a six-week course only, while
the law school will hold two five-
week courses. Other schools and
colleges will hold regular eight
Veterans' refresher courses will
be offered following the summer
session. A decision on a four-
week post-session, with credit, has
not yet been reached.
The bill would trim 30 per cent
off the taxes of persons with tax-
able income up to $1,000; and give
20 per cent reductions to most
other taxpayers, retroactive to
Several "ifs" inaie the future
of the bill uncertain.
One is the position of GOP Sen-
ate leaders that the tax cut should
be effective July 1, instead of for
the full year of 1947. Another is
the opposition of President Tru-
man to any tax cuts now; he may
veto the bill. Today's vote was one
short of the two-thirds necessary
to override a veto.
The Senate probably will not
act until late in April or later.
Before the final House vote, the
Republicans beat down, 237 to 172,
a Democratic motion that would
have shelved the bill. The motion,
by Rep. Doughton (Dem., N.C.),
"To recommit the bill, H.R. 1 to
the Committee on Ways and
Means for further study with in-
structions not to report a tax re-
duction bill until the committee
has passed the supply appropria-
tion bills and to reconsider indi-
vidual income tax reduction as a
part of our over-all post-war tax
program and providing for more
equitable relief in the lower in-
The bill passed by the House
stipulates that withholdings from
wages and salaries drop to lower
levels on June 1, with all taxpay-
ers getting refunds on overpay-
ments under the old rates from
Jan. 1 to June 1.
Sen. Taft (Rep., Ohio) said this
retroactive treatment would cost
the Treasury $5,700,000,000 in the
fiscal year beginning July 1-al-
most as much as House Republi-
cans expect to cut President Tru-
man's $37,500,000,000 budget.
Tentative plans for a campus
contest to produce an original
script for a Mimes student opera
next winter were formulated at
an introductory meeting yesterday
in the Union.
On. the basis of a promising
turnout of students interested in
reviving the traditional Mimes
operas, an organizational meeting
to name committee chairmen was
set for April 15. Prospective script
writers were also asked to attend
To End Sugar
By Bitter Debate
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 27 -
-Amid bitter charges by Sen.
Tobey (Rep., N.H.) that it was
opening the way for "atnational
scandal," the Senate approved
and sent back to the House to-
night a bill to kill rationing and
price control of sugar next Octo-
It stamped final approval on
the bill by a 46 to 34 vote after a
stormy session in which Tobey
shouted that his own party, the
Republicans, must shoulder the
"blame" for failure to extend con-
trols for a full year.
He said profiteering and gam-
bling in sugar will create the
scandal he foresees.
Donnell Questions Tobey Charge
Sen. Donnell (Rep., Mo.) re-
marked that he had "no fearrof
any great national scandal" and
asked Tobey why he made the
Tobey replied that the October
31 deadline would put speculators
"on notice when they can make
the kill" whereas the longer con-
trol period would "make specula-
"The speculators are not blind
tonight," Tobey yelled.
Sen. Taft (Rep., Ohio) scoffed
at the thought that there would
be hoarding of sugar before Oc-
tober 31 end of controls.
"Who can hoard when inventory
controls and rationing are in ef-
fect and he can't get any more
sugar than herneeds?" he asked.
Sugar Beet Crop
Sen. Butler (Rep., Neb.) issued
a statement with passage of the
measure asserting that "farmers
should plant sugar beets to the
limit, now that they know price
controls will come off of sugar next
October and then will get a good
The House previously had voted
for the October 31 date, so that
portion of the bill will not be open
to changes when attempts are
made to compromise other differ
ences between Senate and House
The Senate would put sugar
handling in the hands of the Sec-
retary of Agriculture with author-
ity to wipe out controls any time
he find supplies warrant it.
The roll call vote to wind up the
rationing program at the end of
October was 45 to 35, on an
amendment by Sen. McCarthy
Call Pay Hike
'A Right Step'
New board of education salary
proposals which would grant $500
in(crease next year to all city
teachers was approved yesterday
as "a step in the right direction"
by the Ann Arbor Teachers Club,
which represents practically all of
the school system's 200 teachers
Contingent upon the receipt of
additional state aid under the
Sales Tax Diversion Amendment
and the adoption of a local levy
to meet a $46,000 education bud-
get deficit, the plan would raise
the minimum teaching wage to
$2200 per year. Automatic in-
creases of $100 a year would be
assured and the proposed $3,800,
ceiling would be increased to a
maximum of $4,000 its two years.
Under this policy 18 years are
required for a teacher to reach
the new $4,000 maximum.
Salary adjustments for librar-
ians, clerical workers, and main-
tenance, employees will be deter-
mined after conference with those
groups, the board said.
No mention was made of the
possibility of an adjustment for
the current year to cover the cost
of living increase.
May Be Required
For Three Years
Students Already Enrolled Would
Not Be Affected By New Program
By JACK MARTIN
Three years of compulsory physical education for all students,
men and women, with one hour of regular credit given for each of
the six semesters' work, is the main point of a 12-item recommenda-
tion revealed yesterday by a special committee established in 1944 by
Athletic Director H. 0. Crisler.
Entailing a complete overhaul of the University's physical edu-
cation, the proposals have been submitted to the various school of
the University for individual consideration. The program would not
be retroactive for students already enrolled.
THEY'RE 'THE BEST YEARS'-A smile is the style of Ruthann
Perry FitzGerald, who plays a leading role in The Best Years,'
1947 Junior Girls Play. The play was presented for senior women
last night and will have all-campus showings at 8:30 p.m. today
and tomorrow at Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Executive Gives Stockholders'
Pies for Iktter Unaderstanding
By FRED SCHOTT
They learn how to make ten-minute pies at "stockholders" meet-
At least they did yesterday, when approximately 200 business
administration students and General Mills executives gathered in
the Union ballroom and discuss big business.
Before the pie-making, James F. Bell, General Mills boai'd chair-
man, said that corporations as a rule don't see enough of the littlej
stockholders, but that "it is
inspiring to see so many good
stockholders today." $500])
"There is a fog of misunder-l
standing between us," he said, "be- T
cause business is so much engaged T&Heifers
in production and selling its prod-
ucts." For Euro e'
To show what he meant, Bell
brought a General Mills film, "Op- More than $500 in contributions
eration '46," which explained how for the Heifers for Europe" drive
and how much money the com- has' already been received by the
pany made last year. University Famine Committee, al-
"Flour making is an old and an- though only a small percentage
cient art," he said. ."You stock- of the pledge cards have been re-
holders don't realize how tough turned, Seymour S. Goldstein,
competition is." president of the committee, an-
After the film, Bell gave way nounced yesterday.
while a pretty kitchen aid whipped Campus groups which have thus
up an apple pie with a new kind far contributed to the fund in-
of flour. elude Helen Newberry Residence,
"It's better than grandma's," Baker House, Zeta, Tau Alpha,
she said. Williams House, Adelia Cheever
Before the meeting, student House, Alpha Omicron Pi, Pi
"stockholders" h a d submitted Beta Phi, Sigma Phi, Zeta Beta
questions on corporation policy, Tau, Unitarian Student Group,
some of which Bell described as Congregational-Disciple G u i l d,
"embarrassing." Canterbury Club and Collegiate
Bell concluded by telling the Sorosis.
"stockholders" that they were Individual contributions from
"a source of a new generation of residents of Willow Run have also
executives" and that the company been received by the committee.
expected to draw from their ranks. Contributions from League Houses
The "stockholders" then ad- will be handled by the League
journed for pie and coffee. House presidents' organization.
-- The funds collected from this
Discharge Certificates drive will be used to purchase
bWU-ycQO*dLUIU i1VWtrdfoi' I]fn ho M ,f
The report is the result of
two years' work on the part of
a nine-man group appointed by
Crisler in March 1944. J. Ken-
neth Doherty, associate super-
visor of physical education and
Wolverine track coach, and
Laurie E. Campbell, associate
professor of physical education
for women, were named co-
The report was later revised by
an executive committee including
Crisler and Dr. Margaret Bell and
Dr. Elmer D. Mitchell, chairmen
of the women's and men's physical
education programs, to adapt it
to the post-war situation.
The twelve recommendations
First, immediate steps should
be taken to increase the present
one-year requirement to' three
Second, the committee origin-
ally proposed that the program
go into effect with the freshman
class of October, 1946. Whenever
it does become effective, it will
not be retroactive for the stu-
dents already enrolled.
third, . credit toward degrees
should be given for the courses
taken. One hour credit per se-
mester ,is .proposed.
Fourth, a carefully planned and
continuous r e s e a r c Ih program
should be set up to discover and
maintain the best physical edu-
cation methods possible.
Fifth, steps should be taken to
secure adequate staff and facili-
ties to carry out the program.
Sixth, no undergraduate student
should be excused from the pro-
gram. Special courses will be of-
fered for those with accepted de-
ferments from regular activities.
Seventh, war veterans should
be subject to the program, with
the qualification that advanced
credit be given when circum-
stances warrant such action.
Eighth, physical e d u c a t i o n
should be integrated with other
units of the University. -
The remaining four recommen-
dations, according to the report,
involve action within the sphere
of the physical education depart-
ment itself. This would include
the organization of a program
centered around the individual
needs of students insuring basic
physical fitness, motor skills and
knowledge of athletic hygiene, and
sports strategy and safety.
Student counselling services
would be extended so students
could be classified in the curricu-
lum according to their abilities.
A closer integration of the three
main divisions of the men's ath-
letic program, the required couses,
intramural sports, and varsity
athletics is also planned.
Commenting on his committee's
work, Co-chairman Doherty de-
clared, "This program attempts to
fill an area in the life of the Uni-
versity which has been much ne-
glected in the past.
The final recommendation
endorses the widening of the in-
ter collegiate program with the
addition of new sports and the
addition of new men to all the
A tentative curriculum of 59
courses has been suggested by
the committee for the required
program. With such a great
See COMMITTEE, Page 2
Rescue Squads Still
Seek Missing Men
CENTRALIAf Ill., March 27--
()-Centralia made plans today
to bury its miner dead, as rescue
squads c o m b e d methodically
through a network of mine tun-
nels, virtually resigned that the
death toll in Tuesday's under-
ground explosion would rise to 111.
Tired, dust-smeared r e se u e
workers brought 18 more bodies
up the shaft of the Centralia Coal
Company's No. 5 mine early today
and two members of a later rescue
squad, who would not permit use
of their names, said they counted
16 additional bodies in the mine.
51 Known Dead
This would bring the toll of
known dead to 51, of whom '35
have been identified and brought
to the surface.
The fact that no survivors have
been found since 31 men were res-
cued from the gas-laden shaft the
first few hours after the blast em-
phasized the bleakness of the out-
look for the men still unaccounted
for. There were still 76 miners
underground, including the 16'
bodies the rescue workers said they
A rescue squad leader gave the
missing men "no chance at all"
and Mayor o. W. Wright discloed
he was preparing a proclamation
to designate a holiday commemo-
rating a burial or burial days for
Demand for Investigation
Meanwhile, a demand was made
in the national House of Repre-
sentatives for an investigation of
the disaster and Illinois' Governor
Dwight H. Green declared he was
determined to have a -"full, com-
plete, impartial and non-political"
Acting after the Senate voted
yesterday to conduct an investi-
gation, Rep. Vursell (Rep., 1ll.) In
troduced a resolution today asking
for a House inquiry by a five-man
Vursell asserted "the United
States Government and the mine
operators are responsible" for the .
Centralia mine deaths, beause
the government was operating the
"It has been reported to me that
in spite of all safety precautions,
miners had told their proper rep-
resentatives before the explosion
of 46 separate violations of safety
regulations in that mine, he said,
Helps Cover Expense
Of Utility Expansion
Vice President Robert P. Briggs
yesterday presented checks total-
ing $126,568.36 to the Ann Arbor
City Council to help meet addi-
tional costs to the city brought
about by the University's build-
ing expansion program.
The payment fulfilled terms of
an agreement, the first of its type
ever to be concluded between a city
and a state-owned educational in-
World News cat a Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 27-A senate banking subcommittee today
unanimously approved new rent control legislation and sent it to the
The bill would continue rent controls until Feb. 29, 1948 with
housing expediter Frank Creedon as administrator.
* * *
WASHINGTON, March 27-Secretary of War Patterson said
today that spending $400,000,000 of U.S. funds to help Greece and
Turkey against Communism "is the course least likely to result in
* * *
WASHINGTON, March 27-Louis F. Starr, commander-in-chief
of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, and two members of the House Com-
mittee on Un-American Activities joined today in the demands that
atomic energy control be returned to the military.
AMITE, La.. March 27-The Illinois Central Railroad discour-
aged shipment of milk today through the Florida parishes of
Louisiana, where a non-union farmer has been wounded and
thousands of gallons of milk seized during a strike of dairymen for
higher wholesale prices.
WASHINGTON, Marcli 27-The House voted overwhelningly to-
day to scrap almost all rationing and government controls over use of
"two-year-old heeies to oe sent to
Michigan veterans must bring needy European farmers. The ani-
original discharge certificates, not mals are inoculated and govern-
phostastic copies. with them when ment inspected a n d shipped
they fill out bonus application through a reputable relief agency
forms, Karl Karsian, veterans' to any area or individual desig-
counselor, said yesterday. nated by the donor.
GUEST ROOM 'GOLD R USH':
Union 'Lst and Found' Benefits Needy
By GLORIA BENDET
Among the treasures picked up
drives and local charity and