Se Page 4
Latet~,iDeadline -in the State
VOL. VII, No. 124 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, T7HURSDAY, MARCH 27, 1947
PRICE FIVE CENTS
GOP a B
BlY 'iie Associated rle's
- WA, 4TlNGr(,_N, March 2(i--1?A~
publicans scored their litn-I hi
victory toward lower taxes toda
as the GOP-controlled Hous
rushed a $3,840,000,000 tax-cut bi
toward a showdown on a take-it o
leave-it basis amid renewed oppo
sition from the White House.
The House capped a session o
shouting, acrimonious debate b
binding itself to vote for the so
called 30-20 income tax bill o
none at all.
Speaker Martin (Rep., Mass.
predicted certain House passag
of the measure, in final form, to
The "this or nothing" procedure
barring amendments to the bill
was approved by voice vote.
President Truman again stooc
firm against the GOP sweep fo
smaller taxes, citing at a new
conference his January budge
message to Congress in which h
declared flatly: "I cannot recom
mend tax reduction."
In his January Message, Presi.
dent Truman had expressed the
conviction that at present "higl
taxes contribute to the welfare
and security of the country."
Secretary of the Treasury Sny.
der also joined the administra.
tion's battle against the GOP.
sponsored tax program and intim-
ated broadly that he will advise
President to veto the bill, if anc
when it passes the Senate.
Snyder May Ask Veto-
Asked if he would recommend a
veto, Snyder told reporters:
"I am very positively Apposed in:
these prosperous times to having
the government do deficit financ-
If government spending exceeds
reveune-another term for deficit
financing"--it would have the ef-
- r 4 fitther boosting prices,
Snyder asserted. And prices, he
said, are already "out of line."
But GOP Floor Leader Halleck,
of Indiana, told his House col-
leagues that "we are going to
balance the budget and reduce
The legislation would slash 30
per cent off the federal taxes of
25,000,000 persons with taxable
incomes of $1,000 or less; and 20
per cent from most of the others
among the 46,000,000 income tax.-
payers. The tax cut would be ret-
roactive to January 1.
Bonus application forms for
Michigan veterans are, expected
to arrive Saturday at the Armory,
Veterans' Counselor Karl Karsian
At the present time, Karsian
plans ouly to process the forms
of city and county veterans. If
the forms arrive Saturday, a vol-
unteer stair will begin helping
veterans Monday, he said.
Veterans must have a certified
copy of discharge certificate and
personal identification with them
during processing, Karsian said.
In addition, every signature o._
the four-page form will require
two witnesses, and the form must
be notarized, he said.
The Veterans' Service Bureau
on campuns has not been notified
but will be prepared to begin pro-
cessing when the forms arrive,
Robert Waldrop, director of the
VSB, said yesterday.
Karsian and Waldrop asked vet-
erans not to rush down until it
is announced that the forms have
KaXrsian asked veterans to bring
oirly urgent personal problems to
the Center during the week or ten
day processing ,period.
Veterans may also pick up bon-
us application forms at any bank
or veterans' organization. Banks
arxe expected to provide notariza-
tion service, Karsian said.
To Rvive MimiR
Fate of 104 Entombed Min(
Still Uncertain, 7KnownDe
Russia oycotts r ro
Of Del cyate
Lie Urges Arbitration
01 AllWorld Diwputes
MINERS AWAIT WORD OF FATE OF FELLOW WORKERS - Anxious miners await word of the
fate of fellow workers who were deep in the Centralia Coal Co. Mine No. 5 when an explosion rocked
the underground workings, yesterday. They crowd around members of the first rescue team to
emerge from the gas-filled shaft. Mine entrance is at left, background.
CITY SHOVELS OUT:
Winds, Drifts Hamper Crew
Clearing Ann Arbor Roads
OPA Demands All
No. II Ration Tickets
All students living in University,
tresidence halls where meals are
served will be required to turn in
, spare sugar ration stamp No. 11
before Tuesday, Francis C. Shiel,
business manager of the residence
halls, announced yesterday.
Students had not been required
to turn in their ration books since
the beginning of the fall semester.
The University residence halls and
the hospital receive sugar on an
institutional quota based on the
}number of meals served. Any in-
stitution receiving sugar by this
method is required to collect
stamps to prevent them being
used by the individuals.
The necessity for turning in su-
ga r stamps at this time was ex-.
plained by Waldo W. Buss, assist-
ant business manager of the hospi-
tal, who has been handling the ra-
tioning problem since the system
Students had not been re-
quired to turn in their ration
books, lie said, because no one in
the OPA office seemed to want
the stamps or to know where they
"Last year the Ann Arbor OPA
office did not want the stamps
we had collected and we finally
had to burn a batch of them
to get them oft our hands," he de-
The OPA in Detroit apparently
became aware of the fact that it
had not been receiving stamps
from the University when it re-
ceived a letter from a house on
campus asking why the University
was not required to turn in1
stamps, Buss said.
"As a result we have received aI
letter from the OPA requesting
that the stamps be turned in ori
else sugar allotments to the Uni-t
versity will be discontinued." 1
Ann Arbor is still digging out
from Monday's six-inch snowfall,
one of the heaviest on record for
this time of year.
The latest weather forecast
called for only light snow flurries,
and a gradual rise in temperatures
Strong winds which piled up
drifts on the highways hampered
road clearing crews yesterday.
To tals Bud o'et
COmminttee lo Hold
F pen niturelearinygs
Taking stock of Student Legis-
County road manager Kenneth
Hallenbach reported most main
county roads clear, although a few
had drifted over shortly after snow
plows broke through.
In Ann Arbor, towing agencies
were kept busy removing autos'
from the drifted snow. Police
were deluged with calls yesterday
reporting numbers of abandoned
cars, and autos blocking drive-
ways. Motorists became mired in
the snow, and left their vehicles,
the police said.
On campus, a shovel was stand-
ard equipment for student drivers.
Numbers of students were observed
digging their cars from drifts
which had built up while drivers
were attending classes.
City Engineer George Sanden-
burgh reported that city street
crews expected to have all local
streets uleared by late today. The
highways in the rest of Michigan
were being cleared gradually, but
the Auto Club of Michigan still
discouraged all but the most es-
sential travel, according to an As-
sociated Press report.
In the state, at least 13 persons
were reported dead as a partial
result of the storm. Four died in
fires Monday when equipmbnit
was unable to get to the scene. In
Ann Arbor fire trucks have been
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y., March
26--Soviet Russia today boycotted
the opening session of the United
Nations Trusteeship Council on
which she holds automatic mem-
bership under the UN Charter.
This was the first time since
Soviet Delegate Andrei A. Gromy-
ko's dramatic walkout on the Se-
curity Council a year ago that a
major organ of the United Nations
met without a Soviet representa-
UN Officials Worried
Although the absence of Russia
raised no legal difficulties, it
caused concern among UN officials
already worried by what appeared
to be a growing tendency to by-
pass the organization on important
Concern was reflected in the
opening address of Secretary-Gen-
eral Trygve Lie who appealed to
all members of the UN to resort to
the world peace organization on
all international problems "even
when the most vital national in-
terests are at stake."
No Reference To Truman
Lie made no direct reference to
President Truman's request to
Congress for $400,000,000 aid to
Greece and Turkey or the Presi-
dent's declaration that the UN
was unable at present to deal with
totalitarian threats to those coun-
"This opening meeting of the
Trusteeship Council," he said,
"should be a useful object lesson
to those who underestimate the
potentiality of the United Nations,
or the ability of its members to
reach agreement on difficult is-
Fift . Cotm'
WASHINGTON, March 26-(A')
-In a thunderous scene a Con-.
gressional Committee ejected the
General Secretary of the Com-
munist Party from a hearing to-
day and later heard FBI Chief J.
Edgar Hoover denounce the Com-
munists as a "fifth column."
Eugene Dennis was ousted by
the House Committee on un-Amer-
ican Activities because he refused
to give any other name but Eugene
Dennis. He also refused to tell
where or when he was born.
Both Ioover and Robert E.
Stripling, the Committee's Chief
Investigator, said Dennis was born
as Francis Eugene Waldron and
has used many aliases.
Stripling said the aliases have
been used in getting "fraudulent
1. That the Communists are di-
rected "from Paris with a very def-
inite pipeline into Moscow" and
that they are a present danger to
this country in the event of war
with a Communist nation.
2. That he has "grave doubts"
as to the wisdom of making mar-
tyrs out of Communists by outlaw-
ing them. Also, he said the law
might later be ruled unconstitu-
CAMPUS SKIERS - Robert L. Martin and his wife Roberta are
pictured at the end of their two-mile trek to campus Tuesday
after Ann Arbor's record seven-inch snowfall.
Martin Family Utilizes Skis
To Beat Transportation Tieup
All Are Dead
May Last a Week
By The Associated Press
CENTRALIA, Ill., March 26-
The fate of 104 coal miners
trapped in a gas-filled mine was
hidden tonight in dark subterran-
nean chambers, and a state offi-
cial said it might take more than
a week to reach them.
Hopes of weary rescue work-
ers grew dimmer as tedious ex-
ploratory operations were slowed
down when electrical power was
cut off for fear sparks would ig-
nite gasses that filled the mine
Of the 151 miners working In
the Centralia Coal Company's
Mine No. 5 at the time of an ex-
plosion yesterday afternoon, 17
are known to be dead. Sixteen
bodies were brought to the surface
tonight and taken to a temporary
morgue in a nearby garage to be
identified by softly-weeping wives
and children. One body was
brought up last night.
Thirty others escaped from
the mine after the blast. Since
the disaster which mine spokes-
men attributed to a dust explo-
sion, there has been no word
from the remaining 104, and res-
cue party leaders said they be-
lieved they were far back in a
32 mile long, seven-foot high
passage, 540 feet below the sur-
If,_ as rescue leaders said they
believed,. the 104 unaccounted for
are eventually added to the 17
known dead, the disaster would
rank as the greatest in the nation's
^oal fields since 195 lost their
lives at Mather, Pa., in 1928.
It would be the worst in Ill-
nois since the Cherry mine dis-
aster in 1909 when 259 were
Elmer N. Baird, a mine crew
>oss who has been active in rescue
4fforts, estimated that progress
ilong the 31/2 mile shaft toward
he entombed 104 was proceeding
it a rate of 60 feet for every 30
ninutes of work.
Bridges Puts Blame
For Disaster on Krug
WASHINGTON, March 26-(AP)
--The Senate voted today to in-
7estigate the Centralia, Ill., mine
lisaster after sharp debate in
vhich Senator Bridges (Rep.,
NT.H.) said that Secretary of the
anterior Krug was "the man di-
The inquiry, to determine
vhether any federal official was
legligent, was assigned to the
3ublic Lands Committee, with
;5,000 provided for expenses.
It was ordered by voice vote on
i resolution by Senator Brooks
Rep., Ill.) which set off Repub-
ican cries of "bureaucracy" and
>emocratic rejoinder of "politics."
Brooks got backing from Bridges
In a complaint of safety code vio-
ations under federal administra-
ion. The soft coal mines gener-
tlly have been in government pos-
ession since the coal strike last
Senator Taylor (Dem., Idaho)
aid the complaint was- "political
rivel" and asserted it is well
nown the government has only
in up the flag over the mines
nd left the running of them to
To Leave League
Miss Ruth Goodlander, busines3
lature projects for the benefit of
newly-elected members, the Leg-
islature learned last night .that it
has $3,407 available for camp; ac-
Student suggestions for use of1
the money, earned through such
Legislature-sponsored activities as
the Homecoming Dance and the
Jazz Concert, will be accepted by
the Legislature's "Gripes Com-
" .1 - . 1. 1-r v 4.. r ...r
mittee, which holds office hours equipped with chains in order to
from ,3 to 5 p.m. Monday through em edw h nret anyfire calls.
Friday in the Union.ir
Deciding that the election of a.11~
new cabinet will be held April :30, .1ENN dQ
the Legislature approved the ap- "a
pointment of Jim Brieske as tem- sr ut Safely
porary treasurer' until that time. 1
By HAROLD JACKSON, JR.
Michigan may be the seventh
largest University in the country,
but it is located in some "wild and
wooly country" according to Rob-
ert L. Martin and his wife Ro-
berta who had to use skis to reach
campus after Tuesday's blizzard.
When Martin, a grad student
and teaching fellow in physics and
his wife, a teacher in Perry nur-
sery school, awoke to find snow
Work To Begin
On New Clinic
Ground will be broken today for
the new maternity hospital, and
obstetrics clinic, according to
Plant Department officials.
The ground-breaking opera-
tion, scheduled for yesterday, was
postponed when arrival of the
shovel was delayed by heavy
Present plans call for comple-
tion of the hospital in late spring
1948 and occupancy by early sum-
mer. Total estimated cost of the
hospital and equipment is $1,260,-
An appropriation for the hos-
pital is part of a bill now under
debate by a joint commiteee of the
State Legislature, including mem-
bers of the Senate Finance Com-
mittee and the House Ways and
heaped against their door and
blocking all the roads, they aban-
doned the family car, dragged
their skis out of summer storagE
in the attic, and struck out across
the frozen wastes.
Many years experience gained
skiing in the Cascades Mountaim
aided the Martins on their perilous
journey through Ann Arbor's pint.
sized Alps. They mixed herring-
bones and schusses during their
difficult trek across lawns, fields
and ditches, and even took an oc-
casional gelandesprung leap over
a farmer's fence. Finally they
emerged from the wilderness, exe-
cuted perfect Christie turns on tc
Washtenaw Avenue, and glide(
with comparative ease down th(
long hill to campus.
Altogether it took the Martin.
70 minutes to cover on skis a dis-
tance they usually walk in 35 min-
utes. Martin doubts that skiin
will ever become popular with stu-
dents who commute daily to com-
"It's far too tiring a trip to
make very often," he explained
"Frankly, we're praying we won',
have to use those skis again thi.
Forum Time Corrected
The Forum on the Fair Em-
ployment Practice Commission tk
be held today at Pattengill Audi-
torium in Ann Arbor High Schoo,
will begin at 8 p.m. instead of 4
p.m. as announced in yesterday';.
He will fill the vacancy created by
Terrell Whitsitt's resignation from
Paul Harrison, chairman of the
Campus Committee, reported that
regulation of bicycles on campus
is now under consideration. His
committee will discuss the prob-
lem at 4 p.m. today in the Union.
World News at a Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 26-Voting on strict party lines, the Re-
publican-dominated Senate Rules Committee today approved a bill put-
ting house speaker Joseph Martin (Rep., Mass) as first in line of suc-
cession to the presidency.
WASHINGTON, March 26-President Truman appealed today
for lower prices, saying he hoped business men would see the
handwriting on the wall-the inflationary dangers of rising costs.
* * *
MOSCOW, March 26-Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov has re-
jected Secretary of State Marshall's appeal for a four-power agree-
Fort Worth, March 26-Test
j Pilot B. A. Erickson jockeyed the
world's largest land-based bomber
--its landing gear crippled and
one of its six engines silent- to a
feather-light landing tonight after
an anxious six hours in the air.
Twelve of the 14 men aboard
the $20,000,000 B-36 had taken to
their parachutes after the need
for an emergency landing became
apparent. Six of them were hurt
as a stiff wind scattered them over
a wide area.
The plane Lock off on a test
flight at 1:10 p.m. It set down at
The 12 passengers, including
technicians from the Air Materiel
Command in Dayton, Ohio, and
two representatives of the Curtiss-
Wright Aeronautical Company's
Propeller Division parachuted over
a wide area west of Fort Worth.
TWO SINS OF HISTORY:
Aptheker Attacks Exploitation of Negro
Negro historeography as awhole propagandists only as they disa- commenti
is characterized by the two great gree with the status quo. Fair Emp
sins of omission and distortion be- It is an act of science, he em- n~I
cause of the "super-exploitation" phasized, and not of benevolence, CitingE
of the Negro people. Dr. Herbert to study Negro history. "The be- Theaterc
ng on the proposed stat
loyment Practices Com
a case in the European
of Operations in Jan-