THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 26, 1947
FEPC and Communists
T HE STATE LEGISLATURE probably
won't pass the FEPC bill because it is
convinced that communists are active in its
That's what Gov. Kim Sigler told a dele-
gation, representing FEPC Councils in com-
munities all over the state, which called .on
him last week to ask his support in getting
the Fair Employment Practices bill out of
committee and passed by the legislature.
The bill, introduced by Senators Stanley
Nowak, Joseph A. Brown and Charles S.
Blondy, all of Detroit, is being stalled in
the Senate Labor Committee. The state
supreme court ruled that a previous bill,
started by an initiatory petition with more
than 185,000 signatures, could not be placed
on the April ballot because it lacked a title.
Forces in the state government seem
determined to prevent the passage of the
Fair Employment Practices bill. It has
been stalled and stalemated before, but
this most recent statement seems to reach
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: EUNICE MINTZ
a new height of absurdity.
According to Tracy M. Doll, who repre-
sented the Wayne County CIO in the del-
egation which called on Gov. Sigler, only
15,000 of the more than 185,000 signatures
on the initiatory petition for the first FEPC
bill were provided by communists who cir-
culated petitions. These signatures were
not necessarily those of communists, but
merely collected by communists.
FURTHERMORE, Rev. O. Walter Wanger,
Jackson Evangelical minister who head-
ed the delegation, denied that any mem-
bers of his group were communists or sub-
scribed to those beliefs.
However, the basic question, in respect tit
the FEPC or any other issue which comes
up, is not whether communists are backing
it or connected with it. It is time that we
stopped asking "How 'red' is this thing?"
and asked some more important questions
instead: Is this thing in accordance with
the basic principles of American democracy?
Would it be of benefit to society as a whole
or the particular segment of society with
which it is concerned? and Is this a funda-
mentally just and good thing?
Not until we start asking these ques-
tions instead of worrying about various
shades of pink and red will we make in-
telligent decisions about anything.
Letters to the Editor...
IT'S A LONG, LONG WAY from
Village to the University Terrace
ments, but the last two blocks are a
PRESIDENT TRUMAN has ordered a mass
inquiry into the loyalty of all present
and future civilian employees of the ex-
ecutive branch of the government.
Any person, who on "reasonable grounds"
can be judged disloyal on the basis of full
investigation by loyalty boards will be ineli-
gible for employment.
No dispute can be found with most of
the standards for judging disloyalty laid
down by the President. Sabotage, espion-
age, treason, sedition, advocacy of revo-
lution or force to alter the constitutional
form of government and disclosure of se-
cret information can be pretty clear cut
criteria, demanding factual proof.
But also included in the President's list
are the following standards which are open
to wide interpretation by those judging the
loyalty of employees:
1. "Performing or attempting to perform
his duties, or otherwise acting, so as to
serve the interests of another government in
preference to the interests of the United
States." The cries which have been heard
in Congress lately, make it apparent that in
many Congressmen's opinions, any state-
ment approving the moves of certain for-
eign powers, shows such disloyalty.
2. "Membership in, affiliation with or
sympathetic association with any foreign or
domestic organization, association, move-
ment, group or combination of persons, des-
ignated by the Attorney General as totali-
tarian, Fascist, Communist, or subversive,
ON WORLD AFFAIRS:
. ." Two phases in this provision, "sym-
pathetic association" and "designated by
the Attorney General," modify its desirable
effect in possibly removing Communists and
Fascists from the government.
Just what is "sympathetic association"?
Who is to define it? Will it be necessary to
install a spy system to overhear incrimin-
ating chance words of employees? And
might not some Attorney General, as an ap-
pointed official, be persuaded to define the
disloyal activities on a more strictly politi-
President Truman said in his order that
not only should "maximum protection . . .
be afforded the United States against the
infiltration of disloyal persons into the
ranks of its employes" but that "equal pro-
tection from unfounded accusations of dis-
loyalty must be afforded the loyal em-
ployes of the Government."
If this intention is carried out, the
"purge" can be heajthy for the country.
Unfortunately under the present order,
enough leeway is provided so that loyal
employees may be unjustly punished. 'It
is unfortunate if the safety of the country
must be set against the possible sacrifice
of individuals, when elimination of the
looser clauses of this order could save a lot
When a problem like this comes up we
cannot help but remember a case involving
two men called Sacco and Vanzetti.
- Harriett Friedman
So I found out the other night when I
called on a friend who had been on that
waiting list for a year and finally made it.
The taxi turned off Observatory Street
and raced down the hill toward the blazing
lights of the University's newest housing
project. The pavement soon disappeared,
and after a good roughing up, the taxi stop-
"That's it," the driver said pointing off
into the distance, "This is as fas as I can
The two of us got out and felt the earth
sink away. The girl of the evening, alarm-
ed, leaped to what appeared to be firm
ground, but it proved to be an ideal site for
mud pie-making. Talk about mud-those
slick new buildings seemed to be floating
in a sea of it.
We oozed to our friend's apartment build-
ing and spent a dismal 10 minutes trying to
make our feet fit to tread the floors inside.
We climbed the stairs to the apartment and
were immediately struck (and became a
little less self-conscious) by the sight of four
pairs of mud-covered shoes outside the door.
Our friend and his wife were inside, bare-
footed, and we got the idea. A new apart-
ment deserves such respect anyway, but
they won't be new forever.
The University has done a nice job out
there. The apartments aren't spacious, but
they're well-furnished and comfortable.
Electrical appliances are right out in the
Our friend is pretty happy about the
whole deal-with or without the mud, al-
though he has an emergency item in his
budget marked "new shoes."
Someday University Terrace will, like oth-
er terraces, have green grass in profusion.
There'll be sidewalks all over the place and
real roads, instead of wagon ruts, to drive
In the meantime and as a stop-gap mea-
sure, the University ought to round out its
good housing job and install a few board-
walks. When the latest snow melts, there'll
still be enough mud to outrage anyone's aes-
thetic sensibilities (especially those of col-
lege students). Beauty will have to wait,
But for ordinary living, including foot
transportation, a few square feet of lumber
are in order.
THE PROPOSED constitutional amend-
ment limiting the number of terms a
president might serve, just passed by Con-
gress and now a matter for the State Legis-
latures, can hardly be called the best solu-
tion for checking the growth of one-party
or one-man government.
The amendment would tie the hands of
the electorate in the event of a future cris-
is-an able leader would be automatically
disqualified if he had served two terms. Ad-
mittedly, the memory of Mr. Roosevelt is
still fresh in our minds, but was there an
acceptable alternative to his election in
At least the country had a chance to ex-
press itself on Roosevelt's abilities. It is not
only absurd but dangerous to expect a Pres-
ident to step aside willingly and light-heart-
edly when he is needed.
The great objection to an unlimited num-
ber of terms for a President-that it leads
to personal government-can be dismissed,
as it was, by the threat of war. A com-
mander-in-chief must necessarily run things
on a personal basis.
In time of peace, however, personal gov-
ernment and one-party monopolization in
Congress is naturally intolerable. Getting
rid of the President is out of the question;
he has to finish out his second, third or
fourth term whether we like it or not.
Of course, the proposed amendment would
prevent us from worrying about what to
do if an election should occur during a
crisis-the two-term President steps aside.
But if the desire for reform and control
of the presidency is sincere and widespread,
it could be fpund in some system which
would remove the President whenever he
no longer represented the electorate.
It would mean making a few drastic,
tradition-breaking amendments, but tra-
dition, apparently, no longer means any-
thing to Congress anyway, now that they
have passed the two-term amendment.
XFTER the horrible expense of the Pacific
war it is tragic to see the United States
lose every shred of the prestige it once had
in this part of the world through the grue-
some debacle in Korea. The blame must
be placed right at the door of the War and
State departments which have failed to
provide a satisfactory administration for
this critical area where the American and
Soviet ways are contesting for favor.
"Thanks, fellers. Where were you when Hitler was kickin' me
around in 1940?"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
- ~~Copr 1 947 Iby United Feature Syc~e 1~
-' ' ,'Re U. S. Pet, Off-Al! riht' reserved
(Continued from Page 3)
100, Hutchins Hall, instead of
150 as originally announced.
public is cordially invited.
By EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER
HOSE AMERICANS WHO are loudly in-
sisting that President Truman should
have turned the Greco-Turkish crisis over
to the United Nations might remember the
old British story:
During the war, an American officer mo-
toring through England with a British ma-
jor was amazed to see the major throwing
a mysterious powder to the left and right
of the car.
"What's that?" he asked.
"Anti-lion powder. Keeps off lions."
"But there are no lions in Britain."
"That's right. And it's lucky for us. This.
powder is no damn good."
What's the connection? Direct. The
major knew there were no lions in Britain
so did not have to worry about the quality
of his anti-lion powder.
When the United Nations Charter was be-
ing drawn, the makers were sure that there
were no lions left except wounded Germany
and prostrate Japan. Therefore they did
not worry about the quality of their protec-
Since the moment when they set up
U.N. as an organization, two new lions
have appeared. One was the atomic
bomb, the other Soviet aggression. To ask
the American Administration to entrust
our defense to the U.N. would have been
asking the British major to trust his pow-
der rather than his gun when two real
lions came roaring across the British
For as a preventative against wars be-
tween great powers- the only lions that are
really dangerous-the U.N. as now constitut-
ed is unreliable. It is not sure to work. Un-
til it can work with reasonable certainity,
no great power is going to trust it.
We may find this lamentable. We may
argue about it until we puff and blow. Facts
AMONG THE ARGUMENTS being pre-
sented in favor of using the existing
U.N., this one is considered the best:
Army, it could be overthrown by the forces
! of the remaining larger portion of Iran-
and was so overthrown.
The situation in Greece is different. If
the Greek economy flops, there will be a
dictatorship of the Right. This will serve
as the pretext for a communist counter
movement. Their movement will have open
or secret support from Albania, Serbia, Bul-
garia and Soviet Russia. If it succeeds,
there will be no free Greeks left to organize
a counter-movement and no free territory
to organize it from.
2. U.N. action worked in Iran because
Premier Ghavam had plenty of time in
which to organize a counter offensive. In
Greece the crisis is imminent and total.
There will be no time.
In Turkey, quite obviously, the .,Red
Army could take over the provinces Mos-
cow covets and seize the Dardenelles while
the U.N. was still talking. Nobody in Lake
Success could talk the Red Army out of
The U.N. mills might grind far too slow-
ly for the democracies to wait upon them.
3. Even if it be admitted that the U.N.
might save Greece and Turkey, there is a
large chance that it might not. Washing-
ton was prepared to take the chance in Iran
for Iran is not vital to American security.
Greece and Turkey are vital. The American
Administration felt that it just could not af-
ford to take a chance. It chose to rely upon
the financial and physical strength of the
the United States. Who can blame it?
To sum up: those who (like this writer)
believe that peace must finally be guaran-
teed by the United Nations or not at all.
have to insist that the United Nations be
strengthened to the point where it can guar-
If we intend to rely on powder, let us make
sure that it is lion-proof.
(Copyright 1947, Press Alliance, Inc.)
THE CATHOLICITY of viewpoints the
public is exposed to is earnestly pointed
Engineers, and Accountants: Ans-
co will have four representatives
here on Friday, Mar. 28, to in-
terview June graduates in thesef
fields. Mr. G. A. McKenzie will
represent Personnel; Mr. M. F.
Skinker, Engineering; Dr. I. G.
Stevenson, Development Labora-
tory; and Dr. F. J. Kaszuba, Re-1
search. Call the Bureau of Ap-t
pointments, ext. 371, for an ap-
Opportunities in the teachingI
field: Mr. Luttrell, Superintendent
of Schools in Lorain, Ohio, will bet
in the office on Tuesday after-l
noon, March 25. He has vacan-
cies for the following: primary
teachers, upper elementary, ath-
letic coach, vocal music (woman).
Mr. John English, Director of
Personnel in the Flint Public
Schools will interview on Friday,9
March 28, people interested in
teaching in Flint.
The Kingdom of Afghanistan is,
interested in locating teachers
who have at least a Bachelor's de-
gree in the following fields: Eng-
lish, Mathematics, C h e m i s t r y,.
Physics, Biology, Geography, Ge-
ology. Basic requirement is that
the applicants have three years,
actual classroom experience. Sal-
aries are attractive in addition to'
housing allowances and full trans-
portation to and from Afghanistan
on a, two year contract. Male
teachers are preferred, but mar-
ied couples each having a teach-
ing degree would be most accept-
For appointments and further
information call the Bireau of
Appointments, 4121 Extension
University Community Center:
1045 Midway, Willow Run Village:
Wed., Mar. 26, 8 p.m., Choir
Thurs., Mar. 27, 8 p.m., Art-
Craft Workshop; 8 p.m., Exten-
sion Class in Psychology.
Fri., Mar. 28, 8 p.m., Duplicate
Bridge. Party Bridge. Dancing.
Bridge instruction by appointment.
Sat., Mar. 29, "6 p.m., Wives'
Club Party. Call for reservations.
Wed., Mar. 26, 6:30 p.m., Bas-
ketball tournament; 7 p.m., Dup-
licate bridge tournament.
Thurs., Mar. 27, 7 p.m., Volley-
ball; 8 pm., Little Symphony Or-
chestra, free concert; 8:30 p.m.,
Fri., Mar. 28, 8:30-11:30 p.m.,
The Thomas M. Cooley Lectures:
Professor Henry Rottschaefer, of
the University of Minnesota, will
deliver the first seriesof Thomas
M. Cooley Lectures, under the aus-
pices of the Law School and the
Research, on the general subject,
"The Constitution and Socio-Eco-
nomic C h a n g e," as follows:
Lecture 3, "The Development
and Expansion of State Powers," 4
p.m. Tues., March 25; Lec-
ture 3, "The Development and
Expansion of State Pwr "4
p.m., Wed., March 26; Lecture 4,
"The Trend in Protection of Per-
sonal and Property Rights," 4
p.m., Thurs., March 27; Lecture
5, "Implications of Recent Trends,"
3 p.m., Fri., March 28. The re-
maining lectures will be held in
Dr. Julius Held, professor of
Fine Arts at Barnard College, will
give an illustrated lecture on "So-
cial Aspects of Early Flemish Art,"
at 4:15 p.m., Friday, March 28,
Rackham Amphitheatre. The pub-
lie is cordially invited. Auspices of
the Department of Fine Arts.
Mr. Ahmad Hussein, publisher,
founder and leader of the Young
Egypt Party will speak on the
subject, "Anglo-Egyptian Rela-
tions," at 8 p.m., Mon., March 31,
Rackham Amphitheatre; auspices
of the Arab Club. The public is
Seminar in Applied Mathemat-
ics, Wed., 5 p.m., 317 W. Engineer-
ing Bldg. Professor Bartels will
speak on Conical Flow over Arrow
Wings at Supersonic Speeds.
History 12, Lecture Section II,
Midsemester examination, 3 p.m.,
Thurs., Mar. 27. McLarty, Slosson,
Stevens, Willcox in Room 25 An-
gell Hall; Heideman, Leslie, John-
ston, Young in Natural Science
Band Concert: University Con-
cert Band, William D. Revelli,
Conductor, will be heard in its An-
nual Spring Program at 8:30 p.m.,
Wed., Mar. 26, Hill Auditorium.
featuring the first movement of
Franck's Symphony No. 1 in D
minor, Selection from Parsifal by
Wagner and arranged for band by
Howland, Grape Festival from
Italian Sketches by Gallois, and
Steiner's Symphony Moderne. The
public is cordially invited.
University of Michigan Littl
Symphony Concert: Wayne Dun
lap, conductor, will present a con-
cert in West Lodge, Willow Vil-
lage, at 8 p.m., Thurs., March 28
at which residents of Willow Vil-
lage are invited. Program: com-
positions by Mozart, Honegger, De-
Bussy, Pelz, Britten, and Haydn'
Concerto for violin cello in D ma-
jor in which William Klenz wil
appear as soloist.
Drawings of the human figure
Current through March 27, Main
floor, Architecture Bldg.
University Radio Programs:
2:30 p.m., Station WKAR, 87
Kc. School of Education, "Oyer
coming Handicaps," Mr. B. O
Hughes, Assistant Professor o
Child Development in the Schoo
2:45 p.m., Station WKAR, 87
Kc. School of Music, St. Mary'
Chapel Choir, Mr. David Hogue
3:30 p.m., Station WPAG, 105
Kc. Campus News.
Open House, 7:30-10 p.m., Wed
March 26, Sports Building. Pro
gram of 20 different sports.
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints EVERY letter to the editor
(which is signed,300 words or less
in length, and in good taste) we re-
mind our readers that the views ex-
pressed in letters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, Printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
To the Editor:
WE AMERICANS owe our free-
dom and a good part of our
wealth to a small band of "radi-
cals" who led the American Revo-
About thirty years ago a small
band of "radicals" led an even
more :justified Revolution against
the Tsar of Russia and the des-
poiling society which crowned
Because of some of the mistakes
made by the fanatics who led this
revolution and the selfishness of
the economic royalists in this
country and England (and scat-
tered outposts in China. Greece,
Spain. Argentina, etc.) who are
exploiting our gullibility, our sons
will die fighting sons of equally
reluctant parents in Russia.
We don't want our sons to be
killed; we don't want atomic roc-
kets pouring into our cities from
out of space.
The Russians don't want to see
their arduous, desperate labors
"atomized," as they saw twenty
years of heartbreaking work laid
waste in a few months by Hitler's
No where do we, the people.
want war. Even the truculent
fanatics in the Kremlin do not
want -war, because there is no
profit in war in Russia. Yet these
men have fought against desper-
ate odds to establish their beliefs;
in 1918, the barely successful rev-
olution faced American and Eng-
lish bayonets. Shortly after this,
a future American president of-
fered gaunt and starving Ukran-
ians grain if they denounced com-
munism - British and American
dollars armed Hitler to block the
menace of the theory that men
need not starve, that men need
not live in mortification for fif-
teen years. These men faced a
hostile world, and after vainly
warning the world against the
Axis, retired to their own desper-
ate plans of self-defense. It is
true these are desperate and fa-
natic men, who will fight when
cornered. And who, then, will
bring war again to the world? The
men who profit by war - the
DuPonts, the Morgans, the profi-
teers and miscellaneous war mon-
gers who wish at one stroke to
destroy the still small voice of
man's dignity and, at the same
time, make a tidy profit. Every
day the kept press panders to
day there will be presented the
first concert in a series of weekly
noon hour Record Concerts to be
held at 12:15 p.m. each Wednes-
day in the Men's Lounge of the
Rackh6m. Bldg. These concerts
will be given in addition to the
regular Thursday night concerts
f held in the Men's Lounge. Both
concerts are given for Graduate
Students only, and requests from
r those attending may be given to
iMr. Keig who will run the Wed-
nesday noon hour concerts, or to
Miss Engle who will continue tc
run the Thursday night concerts
e College of Architecture & De
sign: Seniors meet at 5 p.m.
Rm. 101, to discuss plans for a
Beaux Arts Ball.
Foresters. Forestry Roundtable
- 7:3<0 p.m., 4th floor, Rm. 4060
- Natural Science Bldg. First an
s second-year Foresters are urge
- to attend. Movies on Alaska wil
1 be shown. Prbf. W. F. Ramsdel
will discuss summer jobs.
Flying Club. Open meeting 7:31
p.m., 1042 E. Engineering Bldg. W(
have several membership opening:
pending. Roller skating part:
Saturday, Mar. 29.
Sigma Delta Chi. 7:15 p.m., Rm
Delta Sigma Pi, professiona
0 Business Administration fratern.
- ity 7:30 p.m., Rm. -1f0, Tappan.
f Hiawatha Club, social organiz"
tion for Upper Peninsula student
8 p.m., Union. Room will be post
P ed. Members are urged to attend
, Scabbard and Blade: 8:30 p.m.
0 Rm. 100, Military Headquarters.
The Deutscher Verein, 8 p.m
Rm. 317. Union.
"Plan for Peace," the Army
this greed and pumps you and I
full of lies and semi-truths design-
ed to blind our reason and inflame
our base emotions. Thus, for the
lack of few bare Christian es-
sentials, a little charity and for-
bearance. we march gaily off,
on our way to World War III.
our eyes clamped grimly shut.
-Allen S. Lange
Ta rn in Praised
To the Editor:
THIS letter will undoubtedly
cause major reverberation in
The Daily office. It is a letter of
praise, not damnation, and the
object of this praise is the new
columnist who appeared this past
I refer to Mr. Ed Tumin who so
well reviewed Briffaualt's latest
book, "New Life of Dr. Martin."
Apart from a glibness of style, I
considered the review both in-
forming and illuminating. Al-,
though I do agree to a large ex-
tent with Mr. Tumin's analysis of
the book, I do disagree with his
stand on the trend of modern lit-
The current "rage"--Mysticism
-is too broad a term to be ap-
plied in the lumping of Briffault.
Maughm. Kioestler, etc., together.
Mysticism is only one minor as-
pect in the present literary con-
cern with analysis of how the in-
dividual attempts to combat so-
cial conditions rather than the
cause of the social conditions. But
this is much too broad a subject
to be discussed within the space
of one twelve-inch column.
Is it not possible that Mr. Tumin
be given more than one weekly
column? I would estimate that
the literary activity on this cam-
pus is easily as worthwhile from a
newspaper's point of view as the
political, religious. and social ac-
To the Editor:
MR. TRUMAN failed to mention.
a few pertinent facts when he
took up the cudgel for "democ-
racy" the other day.
1. The Security Council of the
United Nations has been in the
process of studying the situation
in Greece, in order that multi-
lateral action might be recom-
2. The United Nations Food
and Agricultural Organization's
mission to Greece called for a re-
duction in the size of the Greek
Army, asking that a "considerable
part" of the military forces be
used for public reconstruction
projects. The same mission was
critical of the Royalist govern-
ment, stating that there exists
"excessive centralization of con-
trol in Athens," that capable per-
sons who lare not in sympathy
with the political objectives of
the Royalist party are dismissed,
and that many minor officials are
selected "purely as political ap-
pointees without knowledge,
training or background for the
work." Lest some people' accuse
this commission of being Commu-
nist inspired-it was headed by
Franklin S. Harris, president of
. Utah Agricultural College.
s. Turkey is a nation with food
at rluses.hMayor LaGuardia states
UNRRA (Surely this information
was not kept secret from the
How long will it be before Mr.
Truman gives official cognizance
to Mr. Schwellenbach's definition
-E. E. Ellis
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Paul Harsha........Managing Editor
Clayton Dickey..........City Editor
Milton Freudenheim. .Editorial Director
Mary Brush .......... Associate Editor
Ann Kutz ............ Associate Editor
Clyde Recht.......... Associate Editor
Jack Martin............ Sports Editor
Archie Parsons.. Associate Sports Editor
Joan Wilk ............ Women's Editor
Lois Kelso .. Associate Women's Editor
Robert E. Potter .... General Manager
Janet Cork......... Business Manager
Nancy Helmick ...Advertising Manager
--- - - - -- , - _ --
Wednesday Noon Record Con- new film on Universal Military
certs for Graduate Students: To- (Continued on Page 6)
I I I I