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March 19, 1947 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-03-19

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Swinging Pendulum

THE labor-management, pendulum is once
more swinging, and with its swing, it is
carrying away all the legislation and ideals
of the past decade-good as well as bad.
Back in 1935, the Wagner Act was passed
guaranteeing labor the right to organize,
and implementing that right with legisla-
tion designed to prevent employers from
breaking up unions. This right is now being
challenged, and the next few weeks may
very well decide whether or not historians
will be able to record that this same right
of men to form themselves into organiza-
tions as a protection against employers was
finally abridged by act of Congress, and
the great labor unions discarded.
In the legislatures of about 40 states
at the present time, restrictive labor legis-
lation is in committee or up for consider-
ation, and many of these bills for the
closed shop. More important, there are
four violently anti-labor bills sponsored
by Sen. Joseph H. Ball of Minnesota now
being considered by the Senate Labor
Committee. One of these bills outlaws
the closed shop.
On the surface, most of these bills appear
to be designed only to prevent some of the
recent abuses by unions of their powers. In
fact, many of these measures dealing with
jurisdictional disputes, secondary boycotts,
and equal responsibility of management and
unions before the law are attempting,
with various degrees of fairness, to control
conditions which everyone but the most crass
union man will admit are glaring inequali-
ties or abuses under the present Wagner
Act. Therefore, under cover of these really
necessary measures, it is understandable
that such a small number of the people of
the country as a whole have taken note of
the efforts by certain reactionary groups in
management to insert the provision for the
abolition of the closed shop into these bills.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

The cardinal principle to remember in
this regard is that unions cannot exisit in
any effective form without the closed shop.
Laws prohibiting jurisdictimnal strikes,
etc., are merely attempts to restrict unions
in activities detrimental to the general
public; abolition of the closed shop is an
attempt to eliminate the unions them-
selves as effective instruments in promot-
ing the interests of the worker in the la-
bor-management struggle. No one sug-
gests that the membership of the NAM
or the U. S. Chamber of Commerce be ar-
bitrarily broken up into hostile factions-
the advantages of unity of action are well
recognized by management.
Yet these same men would divide labor
into the union men and the so-called
"scabs." They well know that the old axiom
of "united we stand, divided we fall" applies
here, and by their actions they show that
they have no real interest in the freedom of
the employee to determine whether he shall
belong to a union or not, but only their
own selfish motives of lower wages and
therefore high profits for themselves.
It is true that a certain degree of inde-
pendent action is lost by the individual
worker under a closed shop arrangement
--the same loss of freedom which is in-
volved when we submit to the control of
our government for the mutual benefit of
all. Yet no one suggests that we revert
back to anarchy so that each individual,
for instance, would have the right to steal
another man's property.
Instead of trying to destroy labor unions
as an effective force, Congress should en-
deavor to pass measures' to guarantee more
democratic procedures within the unions
themselves. It is only too true that many
unions are run by a small clique of dictato-
rial leaders for their own benefit, and not
that of their members. If Congress would
pass, and enforce, laws requiring really free
election of union officers, and report by
these leaders of union finances, they would
not only make the unions responsible to
their members and eliminate the need for
outlawing the closed shop, but also reaffirm
the American belief in democratic processes
--in labor relations as well as government.
-Russell B. Clanahan

Familiar Language

WASHINGTON, March 18-The first real
repercussion of the first meeting be-
tween Secretary of State George C. Mar-
shall and Generalissimo Stalin is probably
the most important thing to watch for from
Moscow. Marshall left this country with
the intention of speaking to the Soviet dic-
tator in a language which he has long been
unaccustomed to hear. This intention was
both approved by President Truman, and
strongly encouraged by Senator Arthur H.
Vandenberg. Marshall will not be speaking
for the administration only, but for the
United States.

It was agreed here that Marshall should
tell Stalin, without equivocation that the
United States regarded Soviet postwar
policy as tantamount to political and eco-
nomic warfare. It was agreed further that
he should inform the Generalissimo, in
unvarnished words, that this country did
not propose to dodge, duck or avoid the
Soviet challenge. He was in fact to offer
Stalin a clear choice, between a radical
revision of Soviet policy or a continuous,
open contest in which the power and re-
sources of the United States would be
mobilized against the Soviet Union. It
was in this context, without any effort to
glaze over or explain away the American
purpose, that the American policy to-
wards Greece and Turkey was to be dis-

new boldness of American policy. Anyone
familiar wtih the Soviet press must have
noticed that the official 'Izvestia" attack
on Truman was a mere squeak or bleat,
compared to the average of Soviet thunders
against trifling inconveniences. Moreover,
both the character of Marshall himself, and
the Soviet Union's own internal troubles,
will give special force to what Marshall has
to say.
A few optimists venture to hope that a
showdown may lead the Kremlin to con-
sider a genuine world settlement. The dif-
ficulty will of course remain that Soviet
political and economic warfare is largely
conducted by underground methods. No
one has yet solved this problem. And until
the problem is solved, any Soviet signa-
ture on a world settlement must remain as
valueless as Stalin's wartime promise to
Winston Churchill to admit British in-
fluence in Yugoslavia and leave Greece
wholly within the British sphere.
Meanwhile, one thing is plain. Whatever
happens, the hand of the Administration
will be powerfully strengthened. If Stalin
proves eager to discuss a world settlement,
the value of a positive American policy will
be proven, for the blindest isolationist will
not be able to maintain that this novel
Soviet reaction is unconnected with the
American show of firmness. Equally, if
Stalin takes the opposite tack, there will be
no course left open but to develop further
the positive policy for which the foundation
was laid by the President's message on
Greece and Turkey.
(Copyright, 1947, New York Herald Tribune)

Election Day
rTHE 23 Student Legislators who will be
elected today will constitute almost
half of the new Legislature-enough to
start a vigorous series of campus pro-
jects; enough to discredit the Legislature
in the eyes of students and administra-
If the election follows the usual stu-
dent voting pattern, these 23, who can
so largely determine Legislature policies
for the next semester, will be chosen by
a small fraction of the student body. Vote
trading under these conditions becomes
comparatively simple.
Yet the 60 candidates competing for
the positions represent large and small
dormitories, Willow Village, fraternities
and sororities. Most of them have par-
ticipated in activities touching almost
every phase of campus life. Most stu-
dents could inform themselves about the
candidates if they wished to.
Election officials have urged students
to keep numbering candidates on the
ballot as long as they have any basis for
preference. But if you know only one
candidate, you should, in order to be rep-
resented in your government, vote for
only that one.
This election is one of people, not is-
sues. It's up to you to pick them.
-Mary Ruth Levy
City Editor's
EDITORS NOTE: Paul Harsha, The Daily's man-
aging editor, takes this space today to tell the
story of a revival that's being planned for the
campus in the near future.
THROUGH 33 YEARS before the war. the
Union and a group of energetic singers,
dancers and organizers known as Mimes
used to put on an all-male student opera.
The operas were good. In their full glory
during the late 20's, they toured the country
with a hefty chorus of football-playing "cut-
ies" and bright student-written songs and
lyrics, They played to capacity crowds in
big cities, making money and bringing credit
to the University.
Mimes-Union operas flourished at the Un-
iversity from 1908 until World War II. The
last production, "Full House," was staged
just two days after Pearl Harbor. Ray Ing.
ham wrote the two-act opera involving a
southern gentleman named Fenno Hedge. It
included original music by Gordon Hardy.
a can-can chorus of "Heave, Grunt and
Grin Girls," a "Dream Ballet." and a song
by Fred Lawton, author of "Varsity," called
"When Hurry-Up Said Hurry-Up," dedi-
cated to Fielding H. Yost. Director was Bob
Adams, a 1930 graduate. who came back
from ten years of successful stage work to
shape the Hopwood winning story into an
With an enrollment at a record high
and war for the moment off our minds,
students and University officials are talk-
ing seriously of a Mimes revival. There's
no reason, they think, why we can't re-
cruit enough talent from our big campus
to do the job. Although production ma-
terials may be scarce, other colleges have
managed to scrape together enough cos-
tumes, drapes and scenery to carry on their
local operas. Revival of the show here
Heeds only a group of men with push and
talent - and they shouldn't be lacking.
The idea already has organized support.
Last week, the Union Executive Council
traditional backers, declared that it was
"very much interested." Dick Roeder, Union
president, and Dick Cortright of the Union
staff, will be available in the student offices
between 3 and 5 p.m. each week day. They're
waiting for men with a vim to get Mimes

back on its feet to stop around.
PThisihy Namte'
T HE SUBJECT of Mr. Gromyko's remarks
was the principle of unanimity, which is
the heart of the (UN) Charter. This prin-
ple means that when nations are like-mind-
ed, the league can function; when nations
are ultimately unable to agree, the jig is up
and the people can start looking for the
exits. The principle of unanimity is simply
a plushy name for the principle of national
sovereignty. The reason it conflicts with
the scheme for atom control is that the Bar-
uch plan assumes that an atomic authority
can and must operate freely inside the bord-
ers of sovereign states and that the author-
ity cannot be held answerable to any one
state. In short, the atom plan would elevate
the world community, in this one respect,
to the position of top dog and demote the
big power to second place. This is some-
thing new. Mr. Gromyko's word for it is
"peculiar" .
-The New Yorker
"There is . :. less caste feeling, less snob-
bery in human relations in America than
in any other great nation, not excluding
some of those with more radical economic
--Norman Thomas
in Harpers, March 1947



s - V)


'7r,147 6y nf tFea..t Syd. aa J
T-, Rey. VU . -Pat. Off,-All rihts resored

"I ain't goin' near ol' McKellar's office. If he didn't call me red on
accounta my hair, he'd say I'm left-wing 'cause I'm a southpaw."

(Continued from Page 2)
nomic Change," as follows: Lec-
ture 1, "The Development of Fed-
eral Power prior to 1933," 4 p.m ,
Mon., March 24. Lecture 2, "The
Expansion of Federal Powers after
1933," 4 p.m., Tues., March 25;
Lecture 3, "The Development and
Expansion of State Powers," 4
p.m., Wed., March 26; Lecture 4,
"The Trend in Protection of Per-
sonal and Property Rights," 4
p.m., Thurs., March 27; Lecture
5, "Implications of Recent Trends,"
3 p.m., Fri., March 28. All lectures
will be held in Rm. 150, Hutchins
Hall. The public is cordially in-
Professor Finley Foster, of Adel-
bert College, Western Reserve Uni-
versity, will lecture on the subject,
"Hogarth's Rake's Progress: a
Point of View." at 4:15 p.m., Tues.,
Mar. 25, Rackhanm Amphitheatre;
auspices of the Department of
Professor Foster will speak be-
fore the English Journal Club on
the subject, "William Blake: Ar-
tist and Poet," at 8 p.m., Tues.,
Mar. 25, East Conference Room,
Rackham Bldg.
French Lecture: Dr. James
O'Neill, of the Romance Language
Department. will lecture on the
subject: "Antoine de St.-Exupery"
at 4:10 p.m., Tues., Mar. 25, Rm.
D, Alumni Memorial Hall; auspices
of Le Cerele Francais
Prof. Frederico Sanchez of the
Spanish Department will lecture
on Wed. Mar. 19 on "Fuenteove-
juna, fuente de inspiracion revolu-
cionaria," at 8 p.m., Rm. D, Alum-
ni Memorial Hall, auspices of La
Sociedad Hispanica.
A cademic Notices
Veterans' Tutorial Program: The
Spanish I tutorial section is now
being given at 4 p.m., Tuesdays
and Thursdays, Rm. 203 Romance
Languages Bldg., by Mr. Earl W.
Botanical Seminar. Open meet-
ing, 4 p.m., Wed., Mar. 19, Rm.
1139 Natural Science Bldg. Paper:
"The Appearance of a Balanced
I Lethal Situation in an Oenothera
Heterozygote following a Severe
Heat Treatment of Seeds." by
Bradley M. Davis.
Special Functions Seminar Wed.,
Mar. 19, 1 p.m.. Rm. 340 W. Engi-
neering Bldg. Mr Arena will con-
tinue his report on Bateman's K-

theatre. Mr. James M.
speak on "The biology
tomum marginatum

Edney will
of Clinos-

Faculty Recital: Marian Struble
Freeman. Guest Violinist, and
John Kollen, Associate Professor
of Piano in the School of Music.
will present a joint recital at 8:30
p.m., Wed. , Mar. 19, Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. Program: Son-
atas for violin and piano by
Brahms, Faure, and Strauss. Open
to the general public without
Student Recital. Roberta Booth,
pianist, will present a recital in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Master of
Music at 8:30 p.m., Thurs., Mar.
20, Rackham Assembly Hall. A
pupil of Maud Okkelberg, Miss
Booth has planned a program of
compositions by Bach, Couperin,
Loeillet, Griffes, -Scriabine, and
Beethoven. The general public is1
Research Club: 8 p.m., Rackham
Amphitheatre. Papers by Prof. W.
R. Taylor, "Biological Survey of
the Bikini Atom Bomb Expedi-
tion"; and by Prof. O. M. Pearl, "A
Nilometric payprus." Admission
limited to members and guests.
Association of University of
Michigan Scientists. Discussion
group on atomic energy, 7:30 p.m.,
East Council Room, Rackham
Lester Cousins, Architect and
Technical Director of the Detroit
Housing Commission, will speak
on "Housing Studies for Detroit.
(illustrated by models and pic-
tures), at 4:15 p.m., Architecture
Auditorium; auspices of A.I.A.
U. of M. Journalism Society. In-
formal coffee hour, 4 p.m., Editor-
ial Room, Haven Hall. All journal-
ism students invited.
Karl Marx Society. Organiza-
tional meeting, 7:30 p.m., Union.
Delta Sigma Pi, professional
Business Administration fraterni-
ty. 7:30 p.m. Rm. 316, Union.
Michigan Dames Bridge Group:
8 p.m., Michigan League.
' Open House. 7:30-10 p.m., Wed.,
Mar. 26, Sports Building. Program
of 20 different sports.
Michigan Chapter AAUP. 6:15
lm., Mar. 20, Michigan Union
Cafeteria. The Chapter's Commit-
tee on Personnel will present Dr.
Robert L. Howard, President, Per-
sonnel Engineering, Detroit, who
will speak on "Personnel Prob-
lems Common to Larger Institu-
Geology and Mineralogy Journal
a Club. 4 p.m. Thurs., Mar. 20,
Rm. 2082, Natural Science Bldg.
Dr. E. Wm. Heinrich of the De-
partinent of Geology and Mineral-
ogy, Montana S&noo of Ivimes
Butte, Montana, will speak on
"The Structure of Pegamites."
Radio Club. 7:30 p.m., Thurs.,
Mar. 20, Rm. 229, W. Engineer-
ing Bldg. Mr. Richard K. Brown,
WtGSZ, will speak on Radar Re-
(Cotinued on Page 5)

EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints EVERY letter to the editor
(which is signed, 300 words or less
in length, and in good taste) we re-
mind our readers that the views ex-
pressed in lciters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted A th ie discretion of the edi-
torial director.
Soph Prom
To the Editor:
W E, the members of the central
W committee for the revival of
the Sophomore Prom, hereby want
to thank all those members of the
class who contributed their time
and energy to working on ticket
sales, publicity, and decorations
which helped to make the dance
such a success.
Because of the successful re-
vival of this year's prom, we hope
that the members of the present
freshman class will also contrib-
ute to the tradition by running for
the chairmanship and commit-
tees for next year's prom. Thank
you all very much.
-Duke Dosier for the Soph
Central Committee
Karl Marx
To the Editor:
THE IDEAS of Karl Marx and
his followers have become very
important in the world today.
States are run according to the
tenets of Marxism. Poetry, art,
and drama are interpreted from
the Marxist point of view in most
of the countries of the world.
Leading American and European
artists and scientists, such as Ho-
ward Fast, Pablo Picasso, and the
head of the French atomic energy
commission, Joliet-Curie, are Mar-
xists. J. B. S. Haldane, Fellow of
the British Royal Society, who re-
cently came to this country to lec-
ture at the invitation of Prince-
ton University, is a Marxist. More-
over, Haldane, Joliot-Curie and
the other Marxist scientists be-
lieve that the theoretical princi-
ples of Marxism are of great help
in solving scientific problems. The
whole world is concerned today
with understanding the theories
and actions of the Marxists.
It is for these reasons that I
believe that the reactivation of the
Karl Marx Society at the Univer-
sity is so important. The KM
Society will fulfill an intellectual
need of the students. At its meet-
ings, students of all political, aes-
thetic, and scientific opinions will
have a chance to read and dis-
cuss the works of Marx, and to
hear well-known men in various
academic and cultural fields dis-
cuss the relationship between
Marxism and their particular in-
We also hope to have for sale
at these meetings the basic pam-
phlets of Marx and Engels, as well
as a series of pamphlets put out
by the British Marxists and schol-
ars on Marxism and Poetry, Marx-
ism and Modern Art, Marx as an
Economist, apd others. These
pamphlets will enable the stu-
dents to learn about the theories
of Marx in its various aspects, and
to have a basis for discussion at
the meetings of the society.
I would like to take this op-
portunity to invite all students in
the theories of Marx to attend our
first meeting on Wednesday, Mar.
19, at 7:30 in the Union. I am sure
that out of our discussions and
reading, during the coming weeks
we will acquire a better under-
standing both of Marxism and of
the world in which we live.
-Leonard Cohen
Acting President of the Karl
Marx Society
Red Paie

To the Editor:
THERE IS A movement in this
country today frighteningly
reminiscent of the anti-red panic
that followed the Communist rev-
olution in Russia, when there was
a perhaps justifiable fear that
what would happen in one coun-
try might happen in another, re-
gardless of the difference in con-
Until now, I had attributed the
current scare to those who found
the Communists a convenient red
herring. These people are wide-
ly known, as are their motives;
and I think few who gave the
matter any thought were deceived
as to their intentions or as to the
validity of their fulminations.
But the Governor of Michigan-
a man notably honest and non-
political-has proposed the now
famous investigation of AYD and

any Communist found in the stu-
dent body would be expelled.
Now, truly, this is a serious mat-
ter. To be sure, the faculty of
an educational institution must
have the right to expel students
for unseemly conduct. But is a
political belief, or even a political
activity, unseemly in an American
citizen? It seems there are those
who believe so, if such belief or
activity runs counter to their own,
If this is indeed a valid test of
student conduct, Republicans are
going to have to go to school in
the North-and outside of the big
cities, at that.
And now, the Secretary of La-
bor of the United States has ask-
ed, "Why should we recognize the
Communist Party in the United
States? Why should it be able
to elect people to public office,
and theoretically to the Congress
of the United States?" In answer,
Rep. Hartley of New Jersey has
said that he will propose a bill
outlawing the Communist Party;
and that if a constitutional
amendment be necessary, he will
propose that. This is frightening.
That an officer of the government,
sworn to uphold the Constitution
should question the most basic
guarantees of the Bill of Rights,
without which that instrument
would never have been adopted,
and our country never have exist-
ed in its present form; and that
a duly elected representative of
the people, similarly sworn, should
so lightly offer to destroy these
guarantees, and with them much
that is basic not only to our form
of government, but to our way of
life and to that liberty that we
propose should eventually be shar-
ed by all the people of the world;
seems to me a far more present
danger, and a more vicious one,
than Communism offers at this
time or at any foreseeable time
in the future.
If it is Russia we fear, that is
something else. But in case of a
real danger of war, there will be
time enough-not to repeal the
First Amendment, but to arrest
and confine those citizens not loy-
al to the United States.
-John S. Hogg
To the Editor:
DR. David D. Henry, President
of Wayne University, presents
a refreshing spectacle in these
confusing times. Head of a tax-
supported university, he is still
willing to defend the freedom of
students to think and act accord
ing to their convictions, against
the judgment of a legislative com-
mittee. Not a Communist him.
self, he is still able to distinguish
between "subversive activities",
"political activity on behalf of the
Communist Party", and the pro-
gram of the AYD. It is to be
hoped that when the Callahan
Committee extends its investiga-
tion to this campus, the U of 1(
administration will prove equally
courageous and clear-sighted.
-David F. Ross
Demon Piotogs
To the Editor:
RE the University's refusal to
permit coeds to be photograph-
ed in bathing suits for Life mag-
azine: What difference is it what
a coed wears? Those demon pho-
togs on the loose today somehow
manage to secure seductive poses
of cuties, anyhow. Even in an
evening gown.
-Irwin Zucker

! r T



Letters to the Editor..




No one can predict the outcome. So far,
the Kremlin seems to be even more com-
pletely stunned than the Congress by the

G1uinea Pig' Armty

HAVING found that the possibilities of
Congress renewing the draft in any ef-
fective form were rather slim, Army author-
ities suddenly changed their tactics and de-
cided instead to throw their full support
behind Universal Mi1i t ar y Training
In an apparent attempt to influence vote-
conscious Congressmen, a "guinea pig"
battalion was formed composed of the
Army's youngest recruits. In an intensive
training course at Fort Knox, these "one-
shave-a-month" boys have completed eight
weeks of basic and 16 weeks of advanced
training. This is ,to be followed by six
months of further duty in the regular army,
in the organized reserve, or in more ad-
vanced training.
The distinction drawn between this
group and previous groups of Army
trainees is that these men are being
treated as human beings. According to
an article in a recent Time Magazine,
"the old idea of breaking the rookie's
spirit and then trying to nold the debris
into an automaton is out." To prove this
point, they've even taken a picture during

teaches the individual hate and violence
as well as subordination to a military
hierarchy. This is the very antithesis of
the good citizenship programs conducted
by the schools.a
Rather than an expenditure of time and
money on training of infantrymen in the
atomic age, why not a program of Federal
aid to education as well as national health
and nutritional programs?
Selective Service by any name is not only
abhorrent to American traditions of liberty
of the individual in peace-time, but also is
economically unsound. Its program is one
of destruction rather than one of construc-
tion. Only by improving the mental and
physical standards of the people and fur-
thering scientific research and advance-
ment in all fields, can we effectively
strengthen the nation.
-Walter Dean
"ANY ATTEMPT to quarantine the United
States if the "wrong" party comes to
power will do more to destroy international
good will than anything the "wrong" party

Mathematics Seminar in
tivity. 3p.m. Thurs., Rm.
Ang-ell lMall.


Seminar in Applied MvLkthemat-
ics (Math. 348). 5 p.m., Wed.. Mar.
19, Rm. 317, W. Engineering. Pro-
fessor Opatowski will speak on "A
Theorem of Jacobi and Its Appli-
cation to Compressible and Rota-
tional Flows;" and also on "Bi-
Dimensional Rotational Flows of
Compressible Fluids in Space."
Metropolitan Community Semi-
nar will not meet Thursday, Mar.
20. Next regular meeting will be
March 27.
Zoology Seminar. Thurs., Mar.
20, 7:15 p.m., Rackham Amphi-

Fifty-Seventh Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Paul Harsha ......... Managing Editor
Clayton Dickey............City Editor
Milton Freudenheim..Editorial Director
Mary Brush .......... Associate Editor
Ann Kutz ............ Associate Editor
Clyde Recht .......... Associate Editor
Jack Martin.............Sports Editor

of Communist activities on Mich- Archie Parsons.. Associate Sports
igan campuses. Why? I do not Joan WIk...........Women's
know, but it must have been for Lois Kelso .., Associate Women's
some sufficientreason that he Business Staff
proposed the investigation. And
on the heels of his proposal, the Robert E. Potter .... General M
faculty at State announced that Janet Cork.........Business M


iNancy tiennzcK . , naverusing manager
t _


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