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March 19, 1947 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-03-19

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SWVINGING
P'ENDULUM
~e Page 4

Ci r

lAitest Dieadlhne in the State

Daii4

FAIR

VOL. LVII, No. 117 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 19, 1947
9 -

PRICE FIVE CENTS

State o War
Is Declared
In Paraguay
Civil Strife Rages
Within Country
sy '1the Associ.ted Press
ASCUNSION Paraguay, March
18-The Paraguayan Government
declared today that all of this re-
volt-torn South American nation
was in a state of war, thus giving
the military forces of President
Higinio Morinigo the power to
suspend any laws and draft men,
property and money.
The declaration constituted an
official recognition that Paraguay
was in the grip of civil war. Under
it Moringio's regime has the same
right it would have if Paraguay
were engaged in a war with a for-
eign power except that in this case
the enemy is the insurgent force
which holds the northeastern part
of the country.
Enemies of Order
An official of the Paraguayan
embassy in Buenos Aires said that
under the state of war the rebels
still are not recognized as enemies
of the country but as "enemies of
order."
Col. Federico Smith came out
of retirement to take command of
all the government's armed forces.
The same decree which named
Smith announced that all officers
participated in the insurrection
were being dropped from the army
list.
Insurgent Desertions
The announcement of the state
of war after government sources
claimed that a number of soldiers
had deserted the insurgent forces
and surrendered to government
troops operating between Asun-
cion, the capital, and Concepcion,
the rebel stronghold.
Merger Plan
Draws Fire
Senators it Armed
Forces Unification
WASHINGTON, March 18-(P)
-President Truman's plan for un-
ification of the nation's armed
forces came under hot senatorial
fire today, while Navy Secretary
Forrestal staunchily defended it
as a "working co-partnership" for
national defense.
Forrestal said the proposed bill
"should prevent us from ever
again coming face to face with a
war for which we are unwarned
or militarily unprepared.
"It provides for the coordina-
tion of the three armed services,"
le said, "but what is to me even
more important than that, it pro-
vides for the integration of for-
eign policy with national policy."
Senators Bridges (Rep., N.H.)
and Byrd (Dem., Va.) bombarded
Forrestal with critical questions,
demanding to know "why you
have changed your position" since
a year ago.
Recalling Forrestal's role in
leading a solid opposition of Navy
chiefs to a merger plan last year,
both Bridges and Byrd told him
bluntly they were certain he "was
right then."
Negro Press

Sits in Senate
WASHINGTON, March 18--UP)
-The Senate rules committee to-
day overrode the standing com-
mittee of newspaper correspond-
ents and voted that Louis R. Lau-
tier, correspondent of a Negro
daily newspaper and Negro week-
lies, be admitted to the Senate
press gallery.
Another Negro, Percival L. Prat-
tis, correspondent for "Our
World," a Negro magazine pub-
lished in New York, was disclosed
to have been admitted last week
by the executive committee of the
periodical press gallery corres-
pondents. The congressional press
galleries are divided into three
groups-daily newspapers, maga-
zines and radio.
Lautier and Prattis are the first
Negroes to win admission.
Karl Marx Society

Marshall Turns Down Russian
$10 Billion ReparationClaim;
Navy Ordered to Greek Waters

-DangeTnn
COED SONGSTRESS - Sonny Drews, who will take the vocal spotlight at initermission time of
"Spring Thaw" Friday night, strikes a pose popularized by Helen Morgan and Laureit Bacall. Man
at the keyboard is Bob Wagner, general chairman of the AVC-sponsored dance.

Warships Will
Operate Under
'Toaining Plan'
Navy Refuses To Link
Cruise To Greek Aid
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 18 -
The Navy today disclosed orders
for a U. S. task force to visit
Greek and Turkish waters-in-
eluding the strategic Dardanelles
-while the State Department
called for speed on the Truman
program to halt the spread of
Communism.
A Navy announcement, which
spoke of "training purposes," said
the 27,000-ton air craft Leyte
would depart from Quonset Point,
R. I., early next month.
An official amplified this to say
the Leyte would be the flagship
of a group of warships including
three light cruisers and six de-
stroyers. A preliminary report
from London named the cruisers
as the Providence, Portsmouth
and Dayton. Two destroyers will
escort the Leyte across the Atlan-
tic.
No Word from Navy
There was not a word from the
Navy to link the cruise with Presi-
dent Truman's request for aid to
Greece and Turkey in resisting
Communism. There were plenty
of words elsewhere, however, with
these major developments:
1. Dean Acheson, Undersecre-
tary of State, said that Congres-
sional speed is of very great im-
portance, that disaster may result
in Greece if there is a substantial
gap between the end of British
and the start of American aid.
Political Dictates
2. Rep. Eaton (Rep., N.J.),
Chairman of the House Foreign
Affairs Committee, introduced the
bill to provide $400,000,000 for
Greek and Turkish aid. It carries
a strict stipulation that American
military missions sent to help must
be limited in number and serve
only as advisers.
3. Sen. Van denberr g (Rep.,
Mich.), Chairman of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee, told
the Senate that "bipartisan for-
eign policy would die" if Demo-
cratic or Republican lawmakers
working in this field should follow

TU' Gives Fie
Engine to City
Plans Construction
Of New Fire Station
University Regents this week
officially turned over an $8,559
fire engine to the Ann Arbor fire
department.
Title to the fire truck will re-
main with the University, but the
equipment will be operated and
maintained by the city.' In a let-
ter to Ann Arbor Common Counel,
the Regents said that the fire
fighting equipment had been
turned over to the city in recog-
nition of the extra fire protection
required by University property.
The letter emphasized that the
equipment could be used in any
way the city saw f it.
The University has agreed, as a
part of its settlement with the city
for municipal services, to provide
a fire station somewhere east of
State St. in which to house the
new engine. The University has
included a request for funds with
which to build and equip this sta-
tion in its budget message to the
Legislature.
Until this station has been con-
structed however, the new fire
truck will be housed at the down-
town fire station.
IFC Ball Date
Is Approved
May 2 has been approved by
the Student Affairs Committee as
the date of the annual Inter-
Fraternity Council Ball.
Ticket sales for the ball will be
limited to affiliated men, and the
dance will follow a Greek theme.
Plans for an entire fraternity
weekend are being made, with ap-
proved parties to be held May 3.
The building and the band for
the dance will be announced lat-
er.
Mac Barnum, Delta Kappa.Ep-
silon, is general chairman for the
1947 IFC Ball. Committee heads
are Jim McCobb, Alpha Delta Phi,
tickets; Chuck Lewis, Sigma Al-
pha Mu, publicity; Fred Prince,
Psi Upsilon, Building; Bill Ober-
felder, Zeta Beta Tau, programs
and patrons; and Henry Meyer,
Delta Kappa Epsilon, decorations.

TRUMAN POLICY:
Reece Rejects Joint Support
Of Greek-Turkish Proposal

Onec Ballot Box Is Added
For Fital Day of Election
Voting Described as 'Comparatively Light'
rTahulations Will Begin at 3 p.m. in Union
By MARY RUTH LEVY
Complaints about the small number of Student Legislature polls
resulted yesterday in an additional ballot box and an election com-
mittee statement that no more polling places could be set up "without
endangering the honesty of the election."
Reporting that voting was "comparatively light" in the first day
of the Legislature election, lairvev Weisberg, election committee chair-
man, said Luat' olls would be open from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. today in the
lobby of Angell Hall, in the Enpineering Arch and in front of Alumni
Hall. The Alumni Hall poll was not used yesterday.
----------"The primary consideration in

WASHINGTON, March 18-(AP)
-Carroll Reece, Chairman of the
Republican National Committee,
today termed "highly improper" a
suggestion that he join Democratic
party officials in a statement
backing the Truman Greek-Turk-
ish policy.
His rejection of this idea, ad-
vanced by Gael Sullivan, Execu-
tive Director of the Democratic
National Committee, capped
earlier criticism of it by G.O.P.
Senators Vandenberg of Michi-
gan and Dworshak of Idaho.
Vandenberg told the Senate that
bi-partisan foreign policy will "die
in revolt" if "party managers" at-
tempt to dictate it. Dworshak,
talking with reporters, called Sul-
livan's move a "cheap political
trick."
Slogan Contest
Will Be Held
ByMiciorras
A Michigras slogan contest,
opening today, will be held dur-
ing the next two weeks, Jack Har-
lan, Michigras publicity-co-chair-
man, announced yesterday.
"We want a concise, catchy slo-
gan for the '47 Michigras car-
nival," Harlan said in announcing
the contest. Winners will be given
prizes, he added.
The purpose of the contest, ac-
cording to Harlan, is to find a
slogan which can be used in pub-
licizing the all-campus carnival,
which will be held this year for
the first time since 1939.
The competition is open to Uni-
versity students, high school stu-
dents, faculty, and Ann Arbor
residents.
Entries may be sent to Harlan
at 648 S. State St. or may be
placed in the WAA box in the Un-
dergraduate Office of the League
for the Michigras publicity com-
mittee. There is no limit on the
number of slogans one person may
submit.

Sullivan made his proposal last
night in a public letter to Reece
and the Republican chairman re-
plied in the same way.
Reece told Sullivan that if lie
signed such a statement "I would
be in a position of promising to de-
liver the votes of Republican mem-
bers of the Senate and House for
the purposes indicated.
He added:
"Any suggestion that the na-
tional organization of a political
party has authority to order sena-
tors of representatives to vote in a
particular manner must, in my
opinion, be based upon a machine
concept of politics such as was
discredited and repudiated by the
votes in recent months."
Reece said he was not passing
on the merits of Mr. Truman's
proposal but believed "it would be
highly improper, if not indeed
reprehensible, for the chairman or
other responsible official of a na-
tional political party to sign any
statement of that general nature."
He went on to say sentiment in
the Republican party was against
Communist aggression not only in
Greece and Turkey but also in Po-
land, the Baltic and Balkan coun-
tries.. And he said the United
States government must bear a
part of the responsibility for the
situation in the latter countries
"because of the appeasement pol-
icy followed by American repre-
sentatives at Yalta, Potsdam and
elsewhere."
Will Distribute
Borus Blanks
LANSING, March 18-(")-Dis-
tribution of the application forms
for Michigan's World War II vet-
erans' bonus, which were approved
today by the state administrative
board, may begin by the end of
the week, the Adjutant General's
Department reported.
Brig. Gen. Leroy Pearson, Ad-
jutant General, said printers were
ready to begin printing more than
1,000,000 copies.
The board approved separate
application forms for Army, Navy,
Marine Corps and Coast Guard
and for four different types of
dependencies.
Pearson warned that if the de-
lay were long, the bonus applica-
tions could not be distributed on
schedule.
Six MSC Students
Draw Suspension
EAST LANSING, March 18-(AP)

-4
Cit Enieer
Sees No Early
OHousing Relief
Home Builders Wait
For Plumbing Units
City Engineer George Sande;-
burgh sees no immediate solution
to Ann Arbor's acute housing
shortage.
Sandenburgh, through whose
office all requests for building
permits must pass, said yesterday
that there has been no upswing
in the number of applications for
dwelling unit construction. Only
15 applications for housing con-
struction have been granted since
the first of the year, he revealed
yesterday, adding that this num-
ber is almost identical with the
number of applications granted
during the same period last year.
Materials Bottleneck
"Home builders can't seem to
break the materials bottleneck"
according to the city engineer.
"Lumber is now available but ne-
cessary plumbing fixtures cannot
be secured by contractors," San-
denburgh explained. .
Very few dwelling units were
actually completed last year in
Ann Arbor according to city en-
gineers' records. Although per-
mits for 110 homes were granted
last year, only 26 houses were ac-
tually finished during that per-
iod.
No Apartment Houses
Sandenburgh said that he knew
of no multiple dwelling projects
planned for Ann Arbor." Con-
tractors don't want to build apart-
ment houses because they are
forced to charge low rents for the
completed units," he said.
The only bright spot in the lo-
cal housing picture seems to be
in the number of alterations com-
pleted last year. Alterations to
existing structures provided 162
new apartments and 40 rooms in
Ann Arbor last year, according to
engineers' records.

arranging for an election is the
prevention of fraud," the commit-
tee statement said. "Because over-
decentralization tends to invite
dishonesty, students can prove
their interest in student govern-
ment by taking a few extra steps
to vote at supervised ballot boxes."
No Poll on Diagonal
Pointing out that many students
had asked why a polling pace had
not been set up on the diagonal,
Weisberg said that the University
would not permit the use 'of this
space for voting. Original Legis-
lature plans had called for a sin-
gle centralized polling place on
the diagonal.
Weisberg said that 24 Legisla-
tors will be elected instead of 23,
as originally announced, because
of the resignation of Bill Scafe.
Voting is also being conducted for
a student member of the Board in
Control of Intercollegiate Athlet-
ics.
Ballot Counting
Ballots will be counted from 3
to 11 p.m. today and tomorrow in
the Union Ballroom by Legisla-
tors; members of Alpha Phi Ome-
ga, national service fraternity, and
women secured through t h e
League Undergraduate Council.
The counting will be open to the
public.
.Batman Hunt
Missing, o n e unidentified
bat-tamer. Wanted by the zoo-
logy department for distin-
guished service.
Prof. Frederick H. Test has
initiated a search for the un-
known individual who turned
in a live bat last semester after
the nocturnal nammal was de-
termined to be the second of
its kind ever found in Michi-
gan. If the place and date of
capture can be established, the
specimen will be placed in the
University Museum.
The bat was presented last
September to teaching fellow
J. S. Hunt by an unknown per-
son.. Without the required in-
formation, the bat is doomed to
ignominy.

Bevin Asserts
Soviet Charges
'Are Not True'
Molotov Is Rebuked
By Both Secretaries
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, March 18-Secre-
tary of State Marshall coldly re-
jected today Russia's bid for $10,-
000,000,000 reparations from Ger-
many and rebuked the Soviet
Union for charges that included a
declaration that $10,000,000,000 in
reparations have been removed
from the western zones.
British Foreign Secretary Bevin
joined Marshall in rebuking
Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov
at a session of the Foreign Minis-
ters Council and said flatly that
the Russian diplomat's declara-
tions "are not true."
Molotov Policy
In outlining the U. S. position
on reparations, Marshall said:
"We will not follow the retreat
of Mr. Molotov from Berlin (Pots-
dam) to Yalta."
The American secretary was re-
'erring to Molotov's claim yester-
day that the United States had
agreed at Yalta to $10,000,000,00
reparations to the Soviet Union
No reparations figures were in-
cluded in the subsequent Potts-
dam agreement.
There was a noticeable cooling
off in the atmosphere surround-
ing the council today.
The coolness among the "Big
Four" representatives developed
after French Foreign Minister
Bidault made a statement on
France's position on economic
unity.
French Demand
Bidault, renewing France's de-
mand for separation of the Ruhr,
Rhineland and Saar from Ger-
many, told the Council that Allied
controls must be retained over
Germany long after the peace set-
tlement is concluded and the pres-
ent occupation ends.
Moltov declared that the
United States and Britain had
taken all the gold and German
assets in the west as well as pat-
ents and scientific information as
reparations.
He also charged that France,
Britain and America had taken
eparations from current produc-
tion in the form of lumber and
coal, and that all these, "accord-
ing to newspaper reports,"
amounted to over $10,000,000,000.
The British foreign secretary
ldded that, while he agreed with
Marshall that recriminations
should be avoided, he had to an-
swer Molotov's charges because
'they are not true."
Tax Cut Bill
Revision Seen
Low Income Relief
Forecast by Knutson
WASHINGTON, March 18-(R)
-Rep. Knutson (Rep., Minn.),
Chairman of the House Ways and
Means Committee, announced to-
day his 20 percent across the
'board tax-cutting bill may be re-
vised to give greater relief for
taxpayers in the smaller income
brackets.
Some Republicans and Demo-
crats have criticized Knutson's bill
as not reducing the "little fellow's"
burden enough.
Knutson told reporters that net
incomes up to $2,000 (gross income
lessupersonal exemptions) might
be cut by 23 to 26 percent, instead

of 20 percent, if the government
would not lose too much revenue
by such a step.
A House showdown on tax cut-
ting, originally set for next Mon-
day, will probably be postponed to
Wedneseday, while a decision is
pending on whether the changes
can be made.

"the political dictates of any
managers."

part

Ike Reveals
'Top Secret'
Cooking Is Hobby
Of Chief of Staff
WASHINGTON, March 18-(P)
-General Dwight D. Eisenhower's
"top secret" is out. He likes to
cook.
Last summer he put up jars of
sauerkraut from cabbages grown
in his garden at Fort Myer, Va.
But his "piece de resistance" is
vegetable soup.
Uncle Sam's tall chief of staff
is very modest about his achieve-
ments in leading the Allies to vic-
tory in Europe in the last war, but
when it comes to vegetable soup,
he admits he's good. Tops, no less!
He declines to give out his
recipe. He believes he has kept it
a secret even from Mrs. Eisen-
hower. She just smiles.
Some gum-shoeing, undertaken
to locate somebody who has sam-
pled Eisenhower vegetable soup,
disclosed that after hostilities
ended in Europe, the supreme
Allied commander decided to cele-
brate by inviting some military
friends to dinner. The host would
prepare his specialty-vegetable
soup.
This reporter interviewed a per-
son who was a guest at that din-
ner. After stipulating that his
identity couldn't be revealed-
"cross your heart and hope to
die"-he agreed to answer a few
questions.
"Was the soup good?" Answer:
"Damn good "

World News at a Glance

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 18-Senator Tydings (Dem., MD.) urged
today that President Truman call a world disarmament conference
to prevent a third world war which, he said, might destroy "this planet
itself."
Tydings set a goal for universal disarmament "on land, on sea
and in the air" by Jan. 1, 1950, and "maintained thereafter by all the
countries of the earth."
* * *
WASHINGTON, March 18-Breaking a three weeks deadlock
the Ilouse Foreign Affairs Committee finished drafting today a
bill authorizing expenditure of $350,000,000 on foreign relief.
Chairman Eaton (Rep., N.J.) said it would be approved tomorrow.
The money is intended to continue relief work after the
United National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration closes
up this spring. It is distinct from the $400,000,000 of aid proposed
for Greece and Turkey.
The Nations listed for relief are Italy, Austria, Greece, Po-
land, Hungary and China.
WASHINGTON, March 18-Sen. Taft (O.), chairman of the Re-
publican policy committee, announced today that the Senate will meet
tomorrow night in the hope of reaching a vote on legislation to outlaw
nearly $6,000,000,000 in portal pay suits.
NEW YORK, March 18-William C. Durant, 85-year old pio-
neer in the automobile industry, died today in New York City.

HIS WIFE'S COOKING:
Plant Life Is Very Nourishinig,
But Steere Still Prefers Steal

Don't get Prof. William C.
Steere wrong.
The University botanist who
said skunk cabbage, fireweed, and
beech leaves would add variety to

He said the armed forces, dur-
ing the war, had compiled a, list
of wild plants which could sus-
tain fliers' lives in the event that
they were shot down in unfamil-

Flooded Rivers

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