TIlEM I(CAHCAN hAlEY
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'DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
THE PERFECT CRIME. Any-,
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Pat Cameron.. . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Clark Baker . . . . . . . . .... .Sports Editor
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Dona Guimaraes . . . . Associate Women's Editor
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NIGHT EDITOR: MARGARET FARMER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
U. S. in Germany
"E Ecannot reeducate Germans by speeches
in Congress and a phantom army of oc-
"Nor can we teach Germans to respect our
American ways with the shocking demraiza-
tion produced by our black marketeering in Ber-
fun," said James Marshall recently in an article
entitled The Europe We Are Fleeing From. Mr.
Marshall, who has just returned from seven
weeks spent in four European countries, brought
With him several impressions. The impossibility
of reeducation without enough American teachers
and soldiers in Germany is the most vital, the
most controversial of those impressions.
Conradieting those who feel that the sooner
their boys get home the better and those who
feel that Germany can take care of herself,
he points out that "cold and inadequately fed
people are digging themselves out of ruined
cities and trying to reestablish themselves with-
out the proper tools and without reliable means
A vast change has come over the inhabitants
of war-devastated lands Marshall adds. In
Belgium, which he considered the most remark-
able of the countries, there is adequate food if
one has the price to pay for it, but malnutri-
tion exists even in the country districts; in Par-
is, there is none of the gaiety formerly making
it the vacation city of the continent. While in
conference with several members of the Minis-
try of Education, all wore scarfs and overcoats-
"I wished I had had the courage to be rude
enough to wear my hat and gloves as well," he
Then he went to Germany. Ruin in Belgium
and France was nothing compared with the de-
vastation in German cities. "Mannheim is a city
of walls and chimneys and rubble-and at Pots-
dam and Giesen you see the astounding sight of
track after track covered with burnt and smash-
ed cars and roundhouses and battered engines.
All the bridges are down, bridges and engines and
freight cars here as in the rest of Europe holding
back transportation, delaying recovery,"'
The food situation in Germany is bad, too,
although there are plenty of starches. Few
vitamins are obtained from starches, and meat
and fats are very scarce. Such conditions can
easily lead to epidemics. They have already led
to hatred for the military government in Ger-
many. Until there is sufficient food, clothing
and heat for the German people, there is no
use talking of reeducation.
ACCORDING TO MR. MARSHALL we have
good technicians in Germany. We have good
will, and "our boys are rather easy to get along
with." That is the positive word about American
action in Germany. On the other hand, however,
the not-so-good word is that industry has not
been started; we have no definite economic
plan; we complain of the arbitrary position of
the Russians and the obstinacy of the French
and the British without admitting our own ob-
stinacy at the Emergency Economic Commis-
sion for Europe. And always the flight for home
of the Army is our great weakness.
Enough men are being drafted monthly to send
a sufficient number of occupation troops to Ger-
many to relieve veterans for release. It is the duty
of the U.S. to stay in Germany. It isn't pleasant,
but settling things after modern war isn't sup-
posed to be pleasant. If we wish to ayoid "new
anxieties" leading to new aggression, there is a
lot to do-now.
Your Red Cross watches over the comforts of hospitalized vet-
erans and service people everywhere. Help put its Fund Campaign
elI rICP to 1/ic &ht0
To The Editor:
FIGHT FRANCO !
No, don't let your mind's eye slide over the
words . . .Don't pass on to something more satis-
fying on another page! Read the words . ..read
them ... and let them sink slowly into your con-
sciousness. These are no longer remote words
connected with the musings of a foreign corres-
That America break all diplomatic and busi-
ness relations with Franco is surely a modest
request. Indeed we in America owe the people
of Spain far more than this, for they were the
first fighters against Fascism. Almost with
bare hands they held off the world war for
three long and bitter years. The veterans of
the Abraham Lincoln Brigade in 1937 and 1938
took up arms against fascism and in defense
of America, for it was in Spain that the issue
of fascist aggression was being decided.
The failure of the Western powers to under-
stand and judge correctly the issues of Spain in
'36-'39 was paid for with thousands of lives
during World War II.
We all know, we. tell ourselves and each other
every day, that the victory in this war will mean
nothing and a sound and enduring peace will be
impossible unless fascism is wiped from the face
of the earth. But with our support of Franco we
are allowing and encouraging the spread of the
germs of a third world war.
Free governments and fascist governments
cannot exist together in this world. We need
most earnestly to ask ourselves whether we
can afford to encourage the existing fascism
in Spain-this poisonous plague which can
and will spread future contagion.
FRANCO and his Falange, faced by determined
mass resistance, are indeed tottering in Spain.
Yet the retention of his ruthless and savage dom-
ination, the maintenance of troops on the
French border, and the support of our official
approval are surely adding to his existence. De-
prived of this last remnant of prestige, Western
support, Franco will lose the last remnant of his
support in Spain. He and his bloody tyranny
will collapse and a democratic Spain, energeti-
qaly supporting the U.N.O. will rise successfully.
In order to bring the students of this cam-
pus face-to-face with the issues of Fascist
Spain, Michigan Youth for Democratic Action
will present at a meeting on March 27, Yale
Stuart, a veteran of the Lincoln Brigade, who
risked his life as a premature anti-fascist.
"Heart of Spain", a stiring movie portraying
the heroic exodus of Spanish Republicans and
their treatment in French concentration camps,
will also be featured at this meeting.
But beyond movies, and songs, and speeches, is
the need for the united action of every student
on every American campus to make this issue
his personal responsibility by pressing our State
Department into immediate action on bringing
the matter before the U.N.O. Security Council.
Ala (,orp Agit
To the Editor:
N reply to the letter by Augu. C. Blio on
the successes of our air corps, I would, like to
add the opinion of an Army ground force man
He mentions the losses of the Eighth Air Force
whose losses exceeded the maximum strength of
the group. Has he ever heard of the 3rd Infan-
try Division whose losses were triple their num-
bers at any one time and- these losses were in
combat, not by drunken driving in Englan.. .
Ile also says that actually the air corps did
wipe out their targets, but security measures
prohibited the naming of actual -targets. In
some cases this may be true but a perfect ex-
ample of the negative is the Abbey at Casino
which the air corns obliterated, destroyed and
rendered useless. The only thing wrong was the
Germans weren't informed so they stayed and
showed the strongest displeasure of any Amer-
WHEN the U.S. Army Air Force comes, every-
boy heads for cover." "What gross ungrate-
fulness on the part of ground troops", says Bo-
lino. There were one hundred bombers lost at St.
Lo but let it be remembered that Lt. Gen. Mc-
Nair was killed by our own bombers and nobody
else knows how many "GI's". In northern France
87 troops killed and hundreds wounded by a mis-
take of the USAAF at one village. At Cassino,
units 12 miles in the rear of our lines were bomb-
ed on account of another mistake. In Sicily, Gen.
Patton, who commanded the 7th Army, passed
an order forbidding ground troops from firing
at our planes. Too many American planes were
lost while strafing American troops.
As to the Luftwaffe, 25 to 30 air raids a day
by them on the Anzio Beachhead rather dis-
proved their inabilities. Also a steady bom-
bardment by our Air Corps didn't prevent the
enemy from fighting on two fronts in Italy,
until the ground troops, not the air corps,
broke their lines.
Two hours firing by an artillery battalion will
equal the largest load of bombs dropped any-
where. Also it will be more accurate.
Since ground troops neglected to read air force
communiques they were only able to judge by
results, that they could see. They agreed that
the air corps did get results. But these results
were only a fraction of the claims of Public Re-
So the saying still goes, "the infantry fights
and Air Corps gets the medals."
INCEbeing at this great institution of learn-'
ing for the express purpose of acquiring know-
ledge, a dash of culture, and a well-rounded edu-
cation, we have been told (among other things)
by our professors to be observing. These pro-
fessors know the value of observing life about us
and they are trying to indoctrinate this simple
but important fact into us.
Going up the steps of the main library last
Monday afternoon we did observe. We observed
(n that rainy afternoon that hundreds of cig-
arette butts (some red-ringed with lipstick)
littered i he a pproaches to the main door.
These cigarette butts had been hastily left by
students who must smoke. We are not taking
issue with the smoking student body, but we
are taking issue with students who carelessly
drop their cigarette butts on the steps of a
public building. We wonder if these students
think the library is a pool hall. We wonder if
these students litter their homes with cig-
WE offer, by the way of advice, a system that
has proved itself to armies since the days of
Hiannibal. This systei is called field stripping.
It consists of breaking open the cigarette butt
and scattering the left over tobacco to the four
winds, then wadding up the paper into an in-
finitesimal ball and also throwing it away.
For those who think this is unimportant and
of no consequence and would denounce it as "for
high school kids, not us" (as we have heard so-
called University students say about certain
campus issues) let us say that it is the small and
the inconsequential that lead to big improve-'
-Robert L. Warren
body who wants to sabotage
America's international position can
easily achieve his goal by supporting
Army control of atomic energy. He
could go hog-wild . . . testify before
Senate committees, circulate peti-
tions, hold mass rallies, and remain
completely immune from punish-
The Congress of the United States
would of necessity be responsible for
giving the Army control of atomic
energy, and after that only the Army
would be responsible. But the Army
has proven itself to be completely
irresponsible, so that presumably no-
body would be responsible. Are you
I don't see any way that this
scheme could fail. If the Army ever
gets its hands on atomic research,
within five years the inhabitants
of Togoland will have far out-
stripped this country's knowledge
of the newest toy of mankind. All
of our animal friends will snub us
and bully us, supremely confident
that they "got the atom bomb, but
W HEN the Army discovered five
cyclotrons in Japan, they
promptly smashed them. This is an
ample indication of the Army's idea
of atomic energy. The cyclotron is
important only in a purely research
stage, and has no possible value in
the actual production of atomic
bombs. But the order to smash them
was sent out by someone in the War
Department, and they were smashed.
Exactly who had sent the order was
for some time a mystery, but finally
Secretary Patterson admitted that
he was the culprit. He claimed, how-
ever, that he didn't know what the
order had said. These men who can
sign their names but can't read are
often amusing when they get their
own big bureau.
The reaction of American scientist
to this cyclotron-smashing is shown
by the fact that they have already
collected nearly $100,000 to REPLACE
THE CYCLOTRONS. Scientists are so
unwilling to work for the Army that
they. are now scrambling back to
their former jobs in universities, in
spite of the larger number of lolli-
pops per week that they can earn
working for the Army.
The Army, at least partially
realizing its own inadequacy, is
holding out fat salaries in an effort
to keep some scientists in its em-
ploy. But they don't want just any
scientist ... for instance they did-
n't want one of the world's great-
est physicists admitted to the Unit-
ed States. Nils Bohr, a native of
Denmark who was responsible for
one of the major developments in
atomic research, wanted a pass-
port to return to the United States,
but the Army shook its head. They
didn't want our clean-cut Ameri-
can boys talking to these foreigners.
THIS SITUATION is encouraging
some very healthy reactions from
once-passive circles. The scientists
are emerging from their laboratories
to condemn Army control of atomic
energy, and general public is gett-
ing a chance to observe that they
are not ogres, and that only a small
minority actually have two heads. For
instance, the Science Research Club
at Michigan has passed a resolution
in favor of international control. The
Association of University of Michi-
gan Scientists has favored the Mac-
Mahon Bill, which would leave con-
trol in the hands of a civilian com-
Ihe Army, seemingly failing ii
its frontal assault, has now launch-1
ed a flank attack. Senator Vanden-
berg has obliged them by intro-
ducing an amendment which would
give the Army veto powers over any
decisions of the civilian commis-
sion, and the added power of ap-
peal to the President. The fight in
the Senate is now centering around
this amendment of Senator Van-
denberg's, which Henry Wallace
declared would leave the door open
for a "military fascist dictatorship"
in our country. Senator Pepper of
Florida declared that Vandenberg
was the most dangerous proponent
of a "new form of isolationism"
which advocates keeping the atom
bomb to ourselves and giving the
Army control of all atomic ener y.
This Army threat is more wide-
spread than simply the desire to'
monopolize the atom bomb . . . the
brass-hats are also trying to secure
a peace-time conscription bill which
would maintain a peace-time Army of
one and a half million men. These
other activities of the Army will be
considered in this column next week.
Pubncation in the Daily Official Bul
Letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hal, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 1946
VOL. LVIL No. 94
Detroit Armenian Women's Club
Award: The Detroit Armenian Wom-
en's Club is making available, for
1946-47. two $100 scholarships for
young men and women of Armenian
parentage from the metropolitan dis-
trict of Detroit. For further details
consult Dr. Frank E. Robbins at 1021
The !United States mail clerk who
delivers to all canpus offices earnest-
ly requests that all students, espe-
cially graduate students, arrange
that their first-class mail be ad-
dressed to their Ann Arbor addresses
instead of to a department in the
The same request is made with re-
spect to second-class mail-Life,
Time, Newsreel, etc.-addressed to
students and faculty.
The increase in the bulk of mail
now being received prompts this ap-
Herbert G. Watkins,
Senior Class, School of Education:
An organizational meeting is planned
for Tuesday, March 26, at 4:15 p.m.,
in Room 2436 University Elementary
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for June: Please call at the
office of the School of Education,
1437 University Elementary School,
this afternoon between 1:30 and 4:30
to take the Teacher's Oath. This is
a requirement for the certificate.
Senior and Graduate Students in
Mathematics Programs, Employ-
ment after Graduation:
University graduates who have
completed substantial programs in
Mathematics are needed in the Bal-
listic Research Laboratories, Aber-
deen Proving Ground, and in the
Army Security Agency in Washing-
ton, D. C.
If you are interested in being inter-
viewed this spring by representatives
from those agencies, please leave your
name and telephone number in the
office of Professor Hildebrandt, 3012
Angell Hall, or Professor Churchill,
315 West Engineering Building.
City of Detroit Civil Service An-
nouncement has been received in this
1) Junior Clerk (Male) Salary
$1752 to $1980
2) Intermediate Clerk Salary
$2169 to $2321
Closing date is April 1.
3) Junior Accountant Salary $2625
4) Semi-senior Accountant Salary
$3413 to $4127
5) Senior Accountant Salary $4365
Closing date is April 11.
6) City Plan Effectuator Salary
$4761 to $5476
7) Senior City Plan Effectuator
Salary $6613 to $7165
Closing date is May 9
Senior Purchases Agent Salary
$4127 to $4682
Principal Purchases Agent Salary
$4894 to $5529
Closing date is April 17,
For information, call at the Bureau
of Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
University Lecture: Dr. P a u I
Wea therwax, Professor of Botany at
Indiana University, will lecture on
Ithe subject, "The Origin of Maize"
t illustratcd , under the auspices of
the Departments of Botany and An-
thropology, at 4:15 p.m. today, in the
Natural Science Auditorium. The
public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Gregor
Wentzel, Professor of Physics at the
University of Zurich, Switzerland, will
lecture on "The Theory of the Mason"
at 8:00 p.m. on Tuesday, March 26,1
in the Kellogg Auditorium, under the
auspices of the Department of Physics.
The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: JDr. Y. P . Meci
r'1ei Yi-pao), President of Yench-
ing University (Pciping) will lecture
on "Confucius and Confucianism" at
4:15 p.m., Monday, March 25, in the
Auditorium of the Kellogg Building
under the auspices of the Depart-
ment of Philosophy and the Interna-
tional Center. Educated at Oberlin
(B.A.), the University of Chicago
(Ph.D.) and at Cologne University
(1927-28), Dr. Mci is widely known
through his English publications on
the early Chinese philosophical
schools. Dr. Mei is on a special mis-
sion in America to promote Chinese-
American cultural relations at the in-
vitation of the U. S. State Depart-
French Lecture: Dr. Alphonse Fav-
reau. of the Romane eLanguag eDe-
West Medical Building. "Glyoxalase-
Activity and Distribution: The Re-
lation of Glutathione to Glyoxalase."
All interested are invited.
Remedial Reading: A non-credit
course in the improvement of reading
is again being offered this semester.
The first meeting of the class will be
on Thursday., March 28, at 4:00 p.m.,
in Room 4009 University High School.
Interested students are invited to this
Veterans' Tutorial Work in Physics
Z6 and 46. Two sections for tutorial
work in Physics 26 and 46 have been
organized. Section 1-Monday, Wed-
nesday, 7:30 to 8:30, Saturday, 11
o'clock. 1035 Randall Laboratory-
A. W. Ewald, Instructor. Section 2-
Monday, Wednesday, 1.30 to 8:30,
and Saturday 11 o'clock. 1036 Randall
Laboratory-H. Levenstein, Instruc-
toi. Only veterans enroPed in Physics
26 or 46 should attend.
Economics 51, 52, 53 and 54: Make-
up final examination for students
with excused absences from the fall
term examination will be given Thurs-
day, March 28 at 3:15 p.m., in Room
207, Economics Bldg.
Student Recital: Mary Katherine
Harris, violinist, will present a recital
in partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Bachelor of
Music at 8:30 p.m., Sunday, March
24, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
Her program will include composi-
tions by Tartini, Mozart, Debussy, and
'Beethoven, and will be open to the
general public. Miss Harris is a stu-
dent under Gilbert Ross.
Student Recital: Virginia Long
Lowry, a student of piano under Ava
Comin Case, will present a recital in
partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Music
at 8:30 Monday evening, March 25, in
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. Miss
Lowry will play compositions by Bach,
Schumann, Franck, Mingone, Fer-
nandez and Khatchaturian.
The public is cordially invited.
"Ancient Man in the Great Lakes
Region." Rotunda, University Muse-
um Building, through April 30.
Michigan Historical Collections:
"Early Ann Arbor." 160 Rackham.
Open daily 8-12, 1:30-4:30, Saturdays
Paintings by Eduardo Salgado of
current American Life. Daily from
2-5 p.m. and 7-9 p.m, in the mezza-
nine galleries of Rackham until April
Westminster Guild: A Bible Class
will be conducted by Dr. Lemon to-
night at 7:30 on the theme, "The Life
and Teachings of Jesus." Following
the class, open house will be held for
The Geological Journal Club will
meet in Rm. 4065, N. S. Bldg, at 12:15
Program: Various phases of the
geology of Camp Davis, Wyo. area, by
Ruth Bachrach, Alice Gray and
All interested are cordially invited.
The Acolytes will meet at 7:30
tonight in the West Confer-
ence Room, Rackham building, to
hear an address by Professor Burke
Shartel entitled: "Proof And Pre-
sumption In The Legal System." In-
terested non-members are welcome.
The Educational Committee of the
inter-Cooperative Council will pre-
sent a talk by Dr. Redman of the Uni-
tarian Church: "The Role of the
Church in Modern Society," tonight
at 8:00 at Robert Owen Cooperative,
1017 Oakland Ave. Everyone is in-
vited. There will be community sing-
ing and refreshments,
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to visitors tonight from 7:30
to 9:30 to view Saturn and Mars. If
the sky is cloudy, the Observatory
will not be open. Children must be
accompanied by adults.
. Hindustan Association: Meeting to-
night at 7:30 at Lane Hall. The pro-
gram includes discussion of activities
and vocal and instrumental Indian
music. All are cordially invited.
Weslcvan Guild will have an
"April Fool's" party in the Guild
Lounge tonight from 8:30 to 12:00 All
Methodist students and their friends
are invited. Refreshments.
B'nai B'rith Hl Foundation will
hold Sabbath Eve Services tonight at
7:45. Followingthe Services, Mr.
Franklin H. Littell will discuss "A
Christian Views Reconstructionism."
Student Religious Association will
hold its weekly Coffee Hour at Lane
Hall today from 4:30-6:00 p.m.
Everyone is invited.
The Women of the Faculty will
Pop says it's all right to
use our living room for
your class, Mr. O'Malley,
To gain and hold the attention of any class,
'if's frequently necessary to implement the
discourse with animated pictures. After all,
'y Crockett Joihnson
Your Fairy Godfather can reveal sylphs and
nymphs at work and play-Hmm. We're faced l
with two vexing problems. To secure a magic |