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March 19, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-03-19

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Top Headlines
In Today's News
1yThe Associated Paess
King Says Canada Used as Spy Base
OTTAWA, March 18 - Documents seized in connection with Soviet
espionage operations in Canada have disclosed that this country had been
"used as a base to secure information of great importance to the United
States and the United Kingdom," Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie King
told Parliament tonight.
In spite of the gravity with which he viewed the Moscow-directed es-
pionage activities, King made a strong stand for maintenance of friendly
relations with the Soviet goverrunent, saying he was sure that "Stalin
would not countenance action of this kind."
King said he even considered at one point going to see Stalin himself.
King disclosed for the first time that the "espionage system had been
in existence for three or four years." He was replying to a suggestion by
members of the Canadian-Soviet Friendship League that Russia had been
driven to spying because the Allies had held out the secret of the atomic
bomb.

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VOL. LVI, No. 91 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 19, 1946 PRICE FIVE CENTS

Spanish Charge
MADRID, March 18-The Spanish
government tonight charged that the
United States engaged in espionage
activities in Spanish North Africa in
1943, and early the following year
submitted a plan to other Allied na-
tions for an invasion of the Iberian
peninsula.
The charges were made in a 5,000-
word "reply" to the recent U. S.
White Book which asserted that the
Franco regime had cooperated with
the Axis during the war.
The document, issued by the For-
eign Ministry, flatly denied that
Spain "was coiLxpromised with the na-
tions of the Axis" and said that "the
conduct of Spain toward the United
States during the war and post-war
years has been irreproachable."
*' * *

UNRA Council
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., March
18 -- The dominant position of the
major world powers in internation-
al agencies was challenged here to-
day by two suggestions made to
the council meeting of the United
Nations Relief and Rehabilitation
Administration.
UNRRA's Director General, Her-
bert H. Lehman, suggested that
the combined food board, through
which the world's short food sup-
plies are now allocated by only
three nations - the United States,
the United Kingdom and Canada-
be enlarged.
And N. I. Feonov, speaking for
the Soviet Union, asked that the
Central Committee of UNRRA,
which has authority to decide
world relief policies, be enlarged to
take in two of the smaller nations,
Poland and Yugoslavia.
*: * :

Baruch Tackles A-Bomb Problem
WASHINGTON, March 18 -Bernard M. Baruch, elder statesman;
today tackled perhaps the most imposing problem of his long career-mak-
ing the atom work for peace instead of war.
Drafted by President Truman as the United States representative on
the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, Baruch immediately an-
nounced this team of "alternates and co-workers" who will labor with him
on the task that may determine the future of humanity.
John Hancock, Wall Street banker who worked with Baruch on his
rubber and post-war reports;
Ferdinand Eberstadt, New York investment banker and lawyer and
former Vice Chairman of the wartime War Production Board;
Herbert Bayard Swope, publicist and journalist who was Baruch's as-
sistant on the War Industries Board in World War I.
Iran Ambassador Replies to Lewis
WASHINGTON, March 18-Ir- WASHINGTON, March 18--Coun-
anian Ambassador Hussien Ala is ter proposals made by mine operators
that he has been designated by to John L. Lewis today brought from
his government to place Iran's case the United Mine Workers' chief the
against Russia before the United rejoinder that the miners had "asked
Nations Security Council in New for bread and received a stone."
York next week. The producers proposed that the
Premier Ahmed Oavim Es Sul- industry substitute a standard 40-
taneh announced in Teheran last hour week for the present 35 hours for
week that his government would purposes of computing overtime, and
lay its case before the Council a- demanded a guarantee from Lewis
gain because his efforts to reach a against wildcat strikes.
settlement with Russia in recent After listening throughout the day
discussions at Moscow had failed. to operator spokesmnen replying to hi's
Oavam, however, did not disclose nine demands, Lewis reemphasized his
how Iran would move for council insistence on a health and welfare
consideration. fund for mine workers.
Modernization of Forest Industries
MADISON, Wis., March 18 -A permanemt organization to aid all
states in modernization of forest industries was advocated today by Dr.
Grover C. Dillman, president of the Michigan College of Mining and Tech-
nology, of Houghton, Mich.
Dillman suggested such an organization at the opening session of a
conference of 100 representatives of state and federal forest products re-
search agencies. It was the first such meeting ever called.
Dillman said that forest industries were technologically undevelopf
and that in this field lay great potentialities for expansion of wood 0r
cessing industries based upon wood waste as raw material.
o * * *. * *

Prof. Corwin
Lectures On
FDR Policy
Condenins Actions
Leading Up To War
"The Rooseveltian policy which
eventuated in World War II resem-
bled a river which occasionally disap-
peared underground only to emerge
into the "sea of total war," Prof. Ed-
ward Samuel Corwin stated last night
in the first of a series of William W.
Cook Lectures on "Total War and
the Constitution."
Denounces Executive Initiative
Speaking on "The War Before The
War," Prof. Corwin said, "After the
enactment of Lend Lease, Mr. Roose-
velt began using presidential initia-
tive to chart action without consult-
ing Congress. This was a course which
must in the end have produced a seri-
ous constitutional crisis had not the
Japanese obligingly come to the res-
cue."
"Prior to the enactment of the Lend
Lease Act in early 1941," Prof. Corwin
continued "the late President followed
a policy which recognized Congres-
sional authority and sought collab-
oration. One notable exception was
the trading of 50 over age destroyers
for rights to naval and air bases." The
professor declared that even though
this action was directly in violation
of at least two statutes and repre-
sented an assertion by the President
of power which by the Constitution
is specifically assigned to Congress,
the President did not seek ratifica-
tion by the Congress.
Comparison With Lincoln
"Compared to Lincoln," Prof. Cor-
win declared, "Mr. Roosevelt exhib-
ited the same persistency in holding
to a predetermined course, but by no
means the same candor in justifying
it to the American people."
Prof. Corwin will speak at 4:15
today on "The Impact of Total War
on the Structure and Powers of the
National Government." The lecture
will be held in the amphitheater of
the Rackham Building.
Increased Scialt
Legislation Seen
"Indications are that instead of
government receding from functions
of a social nature, it will be required
to go even farther in that field than
it has," Prof. Edward Samuel Corwin
said in an interview yesterday.
Legislation Required
Governmental expansion into ec-
onomic and social activities, he said,
requires coherent legislative pro-
grams. In order to promote this goal,
there "ought to be closer connection
between the President and Congress,"
he said.
"Initiative in exercising legislative
power has largelybeen taken over
by the President since the beginning
of the New Deal," he continued.
"Since this has happened, Congress
ought to be required to do some-
thing about suggestions in a presi-
dential program, although it need
not necessarily accept the program."
Revision of Cabinet Proposed
Discussing recent proposals for re-
novating our federal government,
Prof. Corwin said that the sugges-
tions now before Congress are a step
in the right direction. He added that
a revision of cabinet membership to
include a joint congressional steer-
ing committee might help coordinate
the work of the President and Con-
gress.
Prof. Corwin speculated that the
necessity for a niew plan of presiden-
tial succession might require a consti-

tutional amendment. He said that
the possibility of an atomic bombard-
ment of Washington makes it neces-
sary to consider having successors
kept at duties outside of the capital.
Commenting on t h e proposed
amendment to eliminate alien popu-
lation from the basis of congressional
representation, he said that this was
just another "crackpot" idea.

MEN'S GLEE FLUB-To present first post-war program with concert and all-campus sing tomorrow.
e e ee e ee 4 *

ALL-CAMPUS SING:

Glee Club To Present Concert Tomorrow

FIRST POST-WAR SING

<">

The Men's Varsity Glee Club will present its first post-war program-a
concert and all-campus sing at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
The Glee Club, under the direction of Prof. David Mattern of the
School of Music, will open the program with the traditional "Laudes Atque
Carmina", to be followed by a group of religious songs, including Cheru-
bini's "Veni Jesu".

Sweater Hop
Will Admit Only
Sloppy joeys'
Students who desire admission to
the Annual Sweater Weather Hop at
9 p.m. Saturday in the Union must
dress the part of "Sloppy Joe Col-
lege."
In other words, to dance to the mu-
sic of "sheep herder" Bill Layton,
one must wear a sweater or bring
knitting needles, according to George
Spaulding, Union social chairman.
During intermission, entertainment
of various sorts will be provided for
the enjoyment of the "wool cutters."
Main feature of the dance will be
a traveling "mike" in which everyone
may speak, and prizes will be award-
ed to the couple with the most orig-
inal and correct answers to the ques-
tions put to them by the master-of-
ceremonies.
Spaulding his been quoted as say-
ing, "The committee at present is
under the delusion that everyone on
campus will attend this annual af-
fair, depending on what pictures will
be playing at the neighborhood the-
atres. Kidding aside, though, last
year we had a great turnout and
everyone who attended went away
'U' Stdents To Be in
hp hIh ZOe ae d.
Harriet Risk and Betty Lou Bid-
well of the University debate squad
will take the negative stand on the
premise "Resolved: that the United
States should endorse a policy of
world wide free trade" before an as-
sembly of western college students in
Kalamazoo today.
Later they will participate in a de-
bate before several classes at Albion
college, with Howard Cole and Archie
Carmichael speaking for the affirma-
tive.
Charles Weikel and Forest Camp-
bell discussed the returned veteran
before the Ypsilanti Rotary Club yes-
terday.

> The Glee Club will also present a
group of classical songs, including
Rachmaninoff's "When Night De-
scends in Silence", and will conclude
the first part of the program with
"Nottingham Hunt", "Holy Moun-
tain", and "Railroad Chant".
During the first part of the pro-
gram, Eugene Malitz, baritone, will
be heard in Mattei's "Non e Ver" and
Kenneth Poole, organist and an ac-
companist for the club, will play
Franck's "Chorale in A Minor". A
quartet, composed of Rowland Mc-
Laughlin, William Phebus, Robert
IFC Contitmes
Registration
Registration for fraternity rushing
will continue through Thursday in
the Interfraternity Council offices,
Rm. 316 of the Union.
The week's extension of registration
was decided upon at a recent meeting
of all fraternity house presidents, Bill
Crick, secretary-treasurer of IFC, an-
nounced. Rushing officially started
yesterday, but a supplementary rush-
ing list, containing the names of new
registrants, will be issued Friday.
Registration places the student un-
der no obligation, but no student may
be rushed by a fraternity unless he
has signed with the IFC.
Out of Sight,
Out of Soap

Rabe, and Douglas Wilson, directed
by Harry McCain, will be heard in
"Spirit Flower".
The second part of the program will
be devoted entirely to the singingt
of Michigan songs by the Glee Club
and the audience.
PAC Leader
ExVplains Third
Party Aspects '
"Unless the Democratic party
changes its program soon, the PAC
will become the nucleus for a third
party," Sam Cubeta, state director of
the Political Action Committee, de-
dared, before an audience of students,
and townspeople last night.
Cubeta was introduced by Wayne
Saari, acting president of the
Committee for Liberal Action,
which sponsored the meeting. He
pointed out that the Michigan PAC
was the first group to divorce it-
self completely from the Demo-
cratic party. "We're just trying to
be practical," he said, explaining
the organization's support of some
liberal Republicans in this state.
"Support the man, not the party,"
is the PAC principle, the state di-
rector asserted.
Stressing the educational p1rogriam
of the PAC which aims towards ef-
fectual discussion of local, state and
national legislation, Cubeta said that
only through political action could la-
bor strengthen its economic position.
The PAC program includes busi-
nessmen, farmers, factory workers, as
well as the small and large business-
man in the affiliated National Citi-
zens' PAC, and is headed by such peo-
ple as Henry Morgenthau, Harold
Ickes and Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, he
explained.
Outlining the PAC's organization,
he said that policy is determined
in the most democratic method, by
representatives of the 25 Indus-
trial Councils (in Michigan), in ad-
dition to state, regional and finally,
national directors of the CIO. In
the union local set-up, Cubeta said,
workers are represented through
their plant departments, ward
chairmen and precinct captains.
Each of the state council commit-
tees employs a PAC legislator who
lobbies for progressive legislation in
the capital. With only a membership
which "loves to ring doorbells" to
work with, he added, political cam-
paigns are conducted by means of
pamphlets, radio broadcasts and de-
bates. Cubeta termed the PAC's
methods as representing "democracy
galore."

Vandenberg
Amendment
Is Denounced
Research Would Be
Retarded' - Wilder
Denouncing the Vandenberg
amendment to the McMahon Atomic
Control Bill as a step which will "re-
tard nuclear research and aggravate
the suspicion" of other nations, Prof.
Raymond Wilder of the mathematics
department yesterday advocated a
more strictly civilian atomic commis-
sion.
Power of Appeal Reserved
Sen. Arthur H. Vandenberg (Rep.-
Mich.) in a letter last week to the
Association of University of Michi-
gan Scientists, said his amendment
would support a civilian commis-
sion, but with the power of appeal
reserved to the Army and Navy in
case of decisions "threatening na-
tional security."
"I don't feel that the Vandenberg
amendment actually leaves control in
the hands of the civilian commission,"
Prof. Wilder objected, "although his
statement in The Daily might lead
one to believe that."
Statement Given
Prof. Wilder stated:
"I cannot agree with Sen. Vanden-
berg's action in proposing his amend-
ment to the McMahon Bill, since I
believe that continued military dom-
ination will retard nuclear research
and aggravate the suspicion with
which other nations view our intense
military activity in the development
of atomic weapons.
"Certainly the democratic way
would be to appoint a civilian com-
mission answering to Congress, with
power over the production, transpor-
tation and ownership of fissionable
materials."
Peacetime Use Stressed
"After all, it is a historic accident
that atomic energy was released un-
der the stress of military necessity;
its constructive peacetime aspects
should prove far more important
than its destructive aspects, and it is
the former that are 'now being held
up by military control, and that are
in danger of being stifled by the Van-
denberg amendment."
"If a military board is to be set
up in conjunction with the commis-
sion, it should only be advisory in
nature and not empowerel with rights
of review and appeal to the Presi-
dent."
Late Registering
Will Be Banned
Permanently
A permanent ban on late registra-
tion was approved by a Dean's con-
ference as a standing University pol-
icy.
Dr. Frank Robbins, assistant to
President Ruthven, revealed yesterday
that this policy was adopted because
of the success it showed this term.
Besides the general administrative
convenience it made possible, the pol-
icy, according to Dr. Robbins, pro-
duced two chief benefits:
1.) It facilitates quick arrange-
ment of sections in courses with
large enrollments.
2.) It makes it possible to start
classes immediately instead of wait-
ing until professors are sure that
registration in their. courses is
complete.
Dr. Robbins pointed out that 12,410
students, or 88 per cent of the total

enrollment, registered at their as-
signed times this term in comparison
to 76 per cent who did so for the Fall
Term. Only eight per cent registered
Saturday morning, whereas 14 per
cent registered on the third morning
of fall enrollment.
In comparison to 1,131 last spring
and 320 during the fall, 39 non-vet-
erans enrolled during the first two
days of school this term. Permis-
sion for late registration was grant-
ed by deans only for reasons of ill-
ness or unavoidable detainment at
home.
The four per cent who registered
late were veterans who could not en-
roll on time because of their demobili-
zation schedules.
Jackson To Assist
In Rae Investigation
The assignment of Assistant Attor-
ney General Harry W. Jackson to as-
sist authorities investigating Prosecu-
tor John W. Rae was announced yes-
terday by, Attorney General John
Dethmers.

Surplus for China
MANILA, March 19 - The U. S.
Foreign Liquidation Commission to-
day announced an agreement to sell
$100,000,000 worth of Army and Navy
surplus ships, medicines and foods
to the United Nations Relief and Re-
habilitation Administration for China
relief. Disposal of the property will
enable the "rolling up" of at least
three U. S. bases in the Southwest
Pacific, FLC's Pacific Chief John K.
Howard asserted.
Involved are about $40,000,000 in
ships and harbor equipment to re-
vive China's shattered water trans-
port; approximately 50,000 tons of
dry provisions, such as combat ra-
tions, flour, beans; and "a huge
amount" of medical supplies for Yel-
low River projects.
Workers Begin
Razing Building
Preliminaries to construction of the
General Service Building continued
yesterday as workers began razing
a house on Jefferson St. and the Uni-
versity Broadcasting Service pre-
pared to abandon Morris Hall for
temporary quarters on the fourth
floor of Angell Hall.
The General Service Building will

Picketing in Flint
DETROIT, March 18-CIO Unit-
ed Auto Workers leaders ordered a
mass picket line thrown about the
big Buick division of General Mot-
ors Corp. in Flint, Mich., tonight
following a flareup of resentment
over unsettled local strike issues.
The largest GM local union in
the country, Buick 599, approving
the national peace terms over-
whelmingly, voted 2767 to 1510 to
stay off the job until plant griev-
ances have been ironed out.
Ben Woodward, President of the
Local, called for the mass turnout
of pickets Tuesday morning.
He added that the management
of the plant will be asked to meet
immediately with UAW-CIO lead-
ers to discuss at least 10 unsettled
grievances.
W 'llow Villag
Vets Welcomed
Empha izing that Willow Village i
just as much a part of the Univer-
sity as the campus itself, President
Alexander Ruthven officially wel-
comed the student residents of the
village in an address yesterday at the
community building.
Every student should feel that he is
a part of the University, Dr. Ruthven
said, stressing the idea that the spirit
of fraternity prevailing in Ann Arbor

Beware of the expert in
field!

his

Mmost two years ago war vet-
eran Don Reed, 3700 E. Huron
River Dr., rented his house to
John Veenstra, city Health In-
spector.
Reed returned to Ann Arbor
recently to find the house in an
"unspeakably filthy condition-
contaminated and with garbage
strewn in the back yard."
Reed's dilemma was revealed
last night when the city council
heard his letter to that group re-
questing "that something be done
about it."

PROF. WATKINS INTERVIEWED:
British Loan Termed Vital to U. S. Reconstruction

By SHIRLEY FRANK
"The proposed loan to Great Britain is an in-
tegral part of the program of reconstruction and
international cooperation which is vital to the
maintenance of a high level of employment and
national income in the United States," Prof.
Leonard L. Watkins of the economics department
said in an interview yesterday.
There are of course, some uncertainties as-

the success of Bretton Woods and related pro-
grams looking towards freer and expanding
world trade."
In return for the loan which is intended to
aid in the transition period, the British agree to
relax exchange control and work toward the re-
moval of other restrictions which are to the detri-
ment of American exports and world trade. The
loan is not to be used for the repayment of Eng-

or five billion dollars and incurred new foreign
debts (mainly to dominion countries) of eleven
or twelve billion dollars."
If England is to expand her exports later on,
a high level of imports is needed now to speed
reconstruction and to provide food and necessary
raw materials, Prof. Watkins said.
If given no assistance, it seems likely that
England will continue to maintain exchange

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