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March 17, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-03-17

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ATOMIC
TESTS
See Page 2

1Mw 43U11

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CONTINUED MILD
RAIN

VOL. LVI, No. 90 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 17, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

'U'Is Makin
Effort To Aid
Willow Vets
Queries Answered
By Niehuss, Briggs
Veterans at Willow Village were
advised yesterday that the University
is "doing everything within reason"
to meet their requests for improve-
ment of housing, transportation, food
service and other matters.
Vice-Presidents Robert. P. Briggs
and Marvin L. Niehuss stated the
University's reply to veteran queries
after a meeting with Veteran's Or-
ganization representatives.
Briggs said that no commitments
are being made this far in advance
in answering a veteran's suggestion
that the University assign "at least
half of the Ann Arbor dormitory
space to veterans next fall." The
Campus VO had suggested an even
larger percentage, equal to the pro-
portion of veterans and non-veter-
ans.
'Have Faith'
But he asked veterans to have faith
in the good graces of the University
in revealing that of 1,588 places for
male students on the campus, Uni-
versity residence officers had this
term assigned 1,015,places, or almost
two-thirds, to veterans. Ex-service-
men, he indicated, will continue to
receive favorable consideration for a
very large portion of the housing fa-
cilities.
The officials said that when the
permanent apartment buildings now
under construction on campus are
ready for ocupancy - probably in
the fall - they will be assigned to
married students with war-service as
long as they are needed for this pur-
pose.
In regard to transportation Briggs
said the University is making daily
studies of individual bus loads, and as
far as practicable will make changes
in accordance with the results of the
studies.
Losing Money
He revealed the University at pres-
ent is losing considerable monef in
the bus operations. A 10-cent fare
is charged for the 12-mile trip.
The University reaffirmed its in-
tention to put on special buses for an
event which requires the presence in
Ann Arbor of the veterans at the Vil-
lage. Efforts had been made by the
University tb secure the management
of an established busline, but such
an arrangement could not be made.
Chief recommendation of student
veterans was that a bus be' started
from the campus to Willow Run be-
tween 7:30 and 8 p.m., and that an
additional run be established in the
morning.
The veterans also had protested
high food costs, and Vice-President
Niehuss said the University will
check with the cafeteria manager
on prices and variety of food.
Costs High
Niehuss said the University is
"against the high cost of living" but
is caught in a national situation of
rising food costs. Chief problem in
cafeteria operation at the veteran's
village will be avoiding considerable
financial loss, he stated.
Estimates were that at the cafeteria
veterans could secure adequate and
proper food for $1.50 a day when the
manager has had time to develop
the food service.
Willow Village, a FHPA project, is
not open to n(on-veterans. For this
reason the University cannot require
any of its students who have not had
war service to live at the village, as
some veterans had suggested, the of-
ficials explained.

Students housed at Willow Run
were admitted to the University on
condition that they reside at the Vil-
lage the term for which they were
admitted. This policy, according to
the spokesmen, made it possible for
the University to admit 1,500 extra
veterans.
Woilow'Villacre
Plans Welcome
An official welcome to the 926 mar-
ried University students living at Wil-
low Village will be extended by Presi-
dent Alexander G. Ruthven at 8 p.m.
Monday at an assembly in the Village
community building.
Michigan songs and band music
will be conducted by Prof. William D.
Revelli leading the University Con-
cert' Band. Community problems of
transportation. health and housing
will be discussed.
Wolff's Movie Scheduled

Roundup
of
World News
By The Associatd Press
Plan Extended . . .
WASHINGTON, March 16-Gen.
George C. Marshall disclosed today
-hat urgent measures are being taken
jointly by American and Chinese of-
ficers to extend into Manchuria a
peace formula consistently successful
o far in other parts of China.
The crisis arises, at least partly,
Marshall brought out, because there
are Communist forces in Manchurian
areas from which the Russians are
pulling back, who never have gotten
the word that the Chinese Commun-
ists and the Chinese Nationalist
forces are being merged.
Red Press Hits Iran . .
MOSCOW, March 16-The news-
paper Izvestia declared today that
northern Iran oil fields were of
"primary significance" to Russian
security, and charged that Iran
four times broke the Soviet-Iranian
treaty of 1921 by granting to
United States and British firms oil
concessions previously held by Rus-
sia.
The government newspaper ac-
cused Iran of discriminating
against Russia in oil concessions,
of threatening Soviet security, and
of seeking to instigate conflicts be-
tween the Soviet Union and other
great powers. The latter charge was
Troops at Karaj . .
TEHRAN, March 16 - A reliable
source said today 3,000 Russian
troops now were concentrated at
Karaj, 20 miles northwest of this cap-
ital, but the Iranian Director of
Propaganda told newsmen: "There is
no danger to Tehran. The Russians
have been in the country four and
one-half years without attacking us.
There is absolutely no threat of at-
tack here now."
War Minister Ahmedi, appearing
jointly at a news conference with
Firouz, denied the statements at-
tributed to him at Thursday's inter-
view, given after Ahmedi had con-
ferred with the Shah.
Settlement Approved.. .
DETRIT, March 16-The first
CIO United Auto Workers local to
vote on the strike settlement agree-
ment with General Motors ap-
proved it overwhelmingly today,
according to the local president.
Members of Cadillac Local 22
marked 1,200 favorable ballots to
two unfavorable, President David
Miller said.
'Unity' Dinners .,.
WASHINGTON, March 16-The
Democratic Party scheduled a series
of "unity" dinners for Congressmen
today in an effort to close a split in
their ranks.
They told newsmen they hope the
sessions will woo back into the fold
straying elements, particularly a bloc
of southerners, some of whom have
lined up frequently in a coalition with
Republicans.
(See interview with Prof. Kallen-
bach, Page 5.)
* * *
Re-states Treaty Aims .. .
LONDON, March 16-Foreign
Secretary Ernest Bevin said to-
night that his offer of a 50-year
friendship treaty with Soviet Rus-
sia was "seriously proposed and ser-
iously meant" and that he would
pursue it "notwithstanding all the
disappointments."
Entry Blocked ...
SAVANNAH, March 16 -- Greece
succeeded in blocking the entrance of

Italy into the world bank and fund
until at least next September, and
Britain suffered an overwhelming de-
feat in seeking to lower salaries for
directors of the world organizations
at a late meeting of the full boards of
governors tonight.

THE MORE THE MERRIER

State

Federation

Of College Veteran
Groups Organized
Delegations from 26 Organizations
Draw Up Constitution at Conference
The nucleus for a confederation of delegates representing Michigan col-
lege veteran organizations was formed at the Michigan Student Veterans
Conference held here yesterday.
Delegations from 26 Michigan college veteran organizations met in the
Rackham Amphitheatre to form the Association and to discuss immediate
problems of the student veteran.
Provost James Adams addressed the delegates prior to the formation
of small committees to discuss specific questions of the veterans.
"There is no better way that the people of the United States could re-
pay the veterans than by providing the opportunity for higher educa-
tion," Provost Adams said in his address. "A great social gain will result
from the number who are receiving college training in that it will affect
the quality of thinking of the nations in the years to come," Adams said.
William Akers, president of VO and chairman of the conference, outlined
the agenda for the conference and

CROWDED QUARTERS - Pajama-clad coeds squeeze into a narrow dormitory room for a rubber of bridge.
They're seeking to prove that women's residence halls are chock-full this term. (Daily Staff Photo)

HIGHER ALTITUDES:
Prof. Vincent Foresees Flying
In Atomic-Powered Airplanes

Pilots of tomorrow will probably be
flying atomic-powered airplanes at
extremely high altitudes, Prof. E. T.
Vincent of the Department of Me-
chanical Engineering said in an in-
terview yesterday.
Atomic energy may allow us to
reach 60,000 to 70,000 feet of altitude,
Prof. Vincent predicted, pointing out
TU' Airport Bid
Is Supported
ByCAA Report
The Detroit News gave another in-
dication of early approval of the Uni-
versity's bid for the Willow Run Air-
port by disclosing yesterday that the
Civil Aeronautics Authority has fin-
ished a favorable report for the War
Assets Corporation.
How soon the War Assets Corpora-
tion will act after receiving the re-
port can not now be determined, ac-
cording to the News.
The survey was required to deter-
mine the physical characteristics of
the property and whether they were
sufficient to meet CAA minimum
standards for airline operations, ac-
cording to government officials.
Representatives of the eight air-
lines which serve Detroit have indi-
cated they will be ready to move into
the field within 30 days after it is
made available to them, the Associ-
ated Press reports.
Local Snows Fear
Film Cnraingen.t
Abbreviated movie programs in
Ann Arbor are in prospect today as
a strike of 140 Detroit film handlers
and inspectors ends its second day.
Local theater managers feared last
night their programs all this week
will be delayed as a result of the
strike which held up deliveries over
the week-end. Few short reels will
be shown, they indicated.

that we are now reaching limits be-
yond which the speed of ordinary
combustion is too slow. "With the
development of adequate control of
the atomic process," he continued,
"it can probably be used in aircraft
propulsion. Until all of the facts
about atomic energy are released,
however, we cannot predict how soon
atomic-powered aircraft will be de-
veloped."
Gas Better Now
Gas is better than explosives in the
present type of engine, Prof. Vincent
said. Due to the higher heat content
of gas an object can travel a greater
distance with one pound of gas than
with one pound of explosives. Ex-
plosives release their energy in a short
period of time, while gas releases
energy gradually as required.
Atomic energy is faster than ordi-
nary detonation (combustion process
that travels at the speed of sound).
The problem is to control the rate at
which atomic energy is released. En-
ergy must be produced at such a rate
that it can be used as fast as it is
produced.
May Use Heat
With the tremendous air flows
used by turbine jet and ram jet en-
gines, we may be able to use the high
rate of heat release of atomic energy
to achieve the desired air tempera-
tures, Prof. Vincent said. With the
present combustion process it be-
comes difficult to distribute heat uni-
formly through the large quantity of
air used by these engines.
If some method could he devised to
transmit the electrical energy of the
atom directly to an electric current,
Prof. Vincent speculated, then a
source of power, which 'could be
turned on and off, could perhaps be
made available for such purposes.
"This method would be over 90 per
cent efficient," he said. "At the pres-
ent time we have to change electrical
energy to heat energy and heat en-
ergy to work energy. An internal
combustion engine gets only 30 per
cent efficiency, for there is consid-
erable loss in the process due to the
limitations of the second law of ther-
modynamics."

Labor Leaders
Will Discuss
PAC Methods
"PAC-Its Aims and Methods" will
be the topic of a discussion by Sam
Cubeta, state PAC director, and Wal-
ter Quillico, international officer of
the UAW-CIO, at 7:30 p.m. tomor-
row in Rm. 316 of the Union.
The campus meeting, open to all
students and townspeople, is being
sponsored by the Committee for Lib-
eral Action.
Quillico, former president of the
Willow Run UAW-CIO local, will out-
line PAC's union activities, while the
PAC's inter-relation with the Na-
tional Citizen's PAC will be explained
by Cubeta. The NCPAC includes
sucl prominent members as Carey
McWilliams, Louis Adamic, Orson
Welles and Max Lerner.
Bernard Butler, PAC chairman of
Michigan's second congressional dis-
trict (including Washtenaw county),
and representatives from local chap-
ters of the Michigan Citizen's Com-
mittee, a pressure group, will attend
the meeting.
Salgacdo's Work
T'o Be Shown
Eduardo A. Salgado, Filipino artist
who holds a Rackham Fellowship in
Painting, will exhibit approximately
thirty oil paintings depicting current
American life starting Wednesday in
the mezzanine galleries of the Rack-
ham Building.
Highlights of the exhibit, paintings
done on a tour of the United States
which ended in California in Decem-
ber, are studies of New York City,
Pittsburgh, "city of steel," the Grand
Canyon and California farm and city
life.
Mr. Salgado exhibited a series of
Philippine scenes in the Rackhaml
galleries in 1940, and a series of Mex-
ican scenes in 1943.
The exhibit will be open to the pub-
lic from 2 to 5 p.m. and from 7 to 9
p.m. daily through April 10.

called upon delegates from other col-
leges to present ideas for discussion.
The entire conference worked in
small committees throughout the
morning discussing veteran activities
and problems existing in the schools
represented.
A constitutional committee de-
signed a constitution for the gen-
eral conference. It establishes the
conference as a confederation of
delegates, not a membership or-
ganization, to exchange ideas on
matters most important to student
veterans and to present a united
front of student veteran opinion.
Copies of the proposed constitution
for the conference are to be mailed
to all Michigan colleges. Another
conference has been called for March
30 in Ann Arbor to discuss the pro-
posed constitution on the basis of
suggestions and criticisms made by
all Michigan college veteran organi-
zations.
The conference in the future will
be called the Students Veterans As-
sociation and will be an organization
composed of representatives from
any veteran organization of Michi-
gan colleges. All colleges will be en-
titled to one vote in the Association
regardless of the number of veter-
ans enrolled in the college.
Reports from other commitees
working at the conference were
held and discussed by the entire
body of delegations. A committee
on the cost of living recommended
the retention of the OPA and in-
vestigations of the distribution of
surplus war goods which under
present conditions are inaccessible
to the average veteran.
The housing committee of the con-
ference is to organize a committee to
investigate financial resources and
building materials available. Finan-
cial sources include such federal
funds as the War Damage Fund
which apparently has not been
touched. The committee recommends
the transfer of such funds into build-
ing funds. All investigations and the
results should be published, the com-
mittee further recommended.
The Michigan Student Veterans
Organization agreed to support the
Truman proposals for a veteran hous-
ing program because of the immed-
iate need.
The entire conference also agreed
to send requests to Michigan con-
gressmen asking for the support of
the Wyatt Bill.
Hopwood Prize
Winners ,Named
Freshman literary talent was re-
warded yesterday when 10 prizes
were given out to winners of the an-
nual fall Hopwood Contest for fresh-
men.
In the essay division, Helena S.
Thomassen of Ann Arbor won the
first prize of $50 for her manuscript
"Cat V. Dog." Second prize of $30
went to Amy Adams of Sault Ste. Ma-
rie for her "Weather Reports." The
$20 award was given to Robert J.
Miller of Ann Arbor for "Madrid:
1937."
Winner of the first prize in fiction,
Bruce D. Callander of Malone. N.Y.,
received $50 for his story, "Freddy
Runs for President." Second prize
was awarded to Polly E. Hanson of
Birmingham for "Of Such Stuff Are
Dreams." Judith Laikin of Detroit
won third prize for her "One and
Three."
Four awards were made in the
poetry division of thedcontest. Win-
ner of the $50 award, Carol Marie

Will Deliver
Cooky Lectures
American Institutions
Topic of New Series
Professor Edward Samuel Corwin,
McCormick Professor of Jurispru-
dence at Princeton University, will
open the second series of William
W. Cook Lectures on American In-
stitutions, at 8:15 p.m. tomorrow in
the Rackham Building when he will
discuss "The War Before The War."
Prof. Corwin has had a long ca-
reer as a teacher, scholar, and writer.
His lectures and published works re-
veal a lifetime of study of American
government, constiutional theory,
and public administration. In 1925,
Professor Corwin was awarded the
degree of Doctor of Laws by the Uni-
versity.
Under the general heading of "To-
tal War and The Constitution", titles
for the other four lectures to be given
by Dr. Corwin are Tuesday, "The
Structure and Powers of the Nation-
al Government"; Wednesday, "The
Impact of Total War on Constitu-
tional Rights"; Thursday, "Total
Peace and the Constitution"; and
Friday, "The Postwar Constitution".
Except for the first, Dr. Corwin's
talks wil be given at 4:15 p.m. The
lectures wil be made available in pub-
lished form as soon as possible after
delivery.
Prof. Corwin will be introduced by
Dean E. Blythe Stason of the Law
School, chairman of the committee
in charge of the lectureship. Follow,
ing the tomorrow's lecture, he will
be honored by a reception in the
Rackham Building.
The lectures are sponsored by the
University and are open to the pub-
lic. There is no admission charge.
VO To'Open
Club in April
The Veterans Organization, in an-
swer to requests from veterans on
campus for more and cheaper recre-
ational facilities, has planned to open
the League grill every weekend begin-
ning in April as a Veteran Night Club,
Bill Akers, president of the VO an-
nounced yesterday.
The VO will conduct the Night Club
as a separate project with the help
of Betty Vaughn of the League Coun-
cil. There will be dancing to orches-
tra music as well as a floor show each
weekend and refreshments. The price
will be 75 cents per couple.
The VO is auditioning orchestras
for the Veterans Night Club and also
is, planning auditions for the posi-
tion of a permanent emcee for the
Club. Men and women who are inter-
ested in trying out for any of the fipor
show acts should contact Betty
Vaughn, 2-2547. Veterans are espe-
cially urged to audition for the acts.
Veteran To Receive
A ward Wednesday
Victor E. Sundquist, 24, a junior in
the literary college and a veteran of
two years overseas with the Fifth Air
Force, will receive the Bronze Star
with Cluster at 2 p.m. Wednesday at
the State St. Army headquarters.
Col. Philip Roll, attached to Rom-
ulus Air Base will make the presen-
tation.
Sundquist, a native of Dearborn
who attended Fordson Junior College
Before the war, will receive the award

Prof. Corwin

r

M'LLE. GOMMES VISITS 'U':,
France Studies School Activities of U. S.

School sports, extracurricular activities and the social life of the stu-
dent are important features of the American educational system, said
Madamoiselle Antoinette Gommes, consultant of the French Ministry of
Education, which France hopes to incorporate into a more progressive post-
war school system.
Mlle. Gommes, who has been in the United States for three months
conducting a survey of American education, visited the Michigan League,
the Student Publications Building and several dormitories here this week
before leaving for New York, where she will wait for the ship scheduled to
take her back to France.
"Here at the University," she declared, "I was especially interested
in the way the student lives, and in the way many of them earn all or
part of their own expenses. We will need something like that. We will
also attempt to inaugurate methods of health education, adult education

"But we must be careful to maintain our high intellectual standards,"
she stated, "or the program won't be acceptable to the people. Where it is
now in operation the parents are delighted with it, and though it means
more work for them, the teachers seem to enjoy it very much."
Mornings in the new secondary schools, Mile. Gommes explained,
will be devoted to purely intellectual work as before; but the afternoons
will be given over to sports and club activities. Two hours a week, she
said, will be set aside for study at the school so that the student will
have "very little" homework.
"Because students have found the diversity of subjects and teachers un-
satisfactory and confusing," she said, "we have conceived the idea of group-
ing the work into projects and reducing to three the number of teachers
,- - nr hic nnh n QQ zhil,

Vander Kloot of Homewood,7
ceived the first prize for her'
Poems." Third prizes of $20v
Judith Laikin, winner of a
prize also, for her "Tn the

Ill., re-
"Seven
went to
fiction
Begin-

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