THURSDAY, JUNE 20, 1946
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
_ , ..
Came After 1911
By FRANCES PAINE
Although the University Extension
Service was not formally organized
until 1911, the roots of the present
University program of adult educa-
tion were growing as far back as the
administration of Pres. Erastus Hav-
en, in 1863-69.
At that time Prof. Andrew B.
White, who joined te faculty in
1857.is recorded as haying lectured
frequently in the cities of Michigan
and surrounding states "It was, after
its fashion," he wrote in 1906, "what
in these days is called 'university ex-
tension'. Indeed, the main purpose
of those members of the faculty thus
invited to lecture was to spread the
influence of the University."
From such slight beginnings the
University extension program has
grown to a highly complex organiza-
tion, with nine sub-divisions, an en-
rollment in extension courses last
school year of 13,519, and an esti-
mated total of over a n-llon people
reached by all activities, including
the University Radio.
The University's earliest genuine
extension work took place, in 1892,
when the administration and faculty
launched an extension program which
consisted mainly of individual lec-
tures and lecture series.
A Decade's Rest
Extension work received no further
attention for more than a decade,
but in 1911 the question was brought
before the Regents by Pres. Harry B.
Hutchins, partly at the instigation of
the Michigan Anti-Tuberculosis As-
sociation, which wanted the Univer-
sity to conduct a preventive cam-
paign. After several discussions the
sum of $10,000 was alloted to exten-
sion service in, the regular budget of
1911-12, and an administrative plan
for the work was adopted.
The first director of University ex-
tension work, appointed by the Re-
gents in 1912, though only on a part-
time basis, was Prof. William D. Hen-
derson, previously of the physics de-
partment. By 1918 the extension
work had grown to such proportions
that he left the Department of Phy-
sics and began a full-time job as
director of the Extensin 4erice. He
continued in this post until his re-
tirement in 1936.
A Growing Concern
"Through the medium of adult ed-
ucation programs of tthc" extension
type", Dr. Henderson wrote in The
University of Michigan An Encyclo-
pedic Survey, "people in,-practically
every county of the state are enabled
to meet members of the faulty. So
far as the benefits accruing to the
University from this type of work
are concerned, these personal con-
tacts are most important. That this
service has been appreciated by the
people of the state is attested by the
constantly increasing number of re-
quests related to adult educational
In February of 1926 Dr. Charles
A. Fisher, then principal of Kalama-
zoo Central High School, was ap-
pointed assistant director of the Ex-
tension Service and director of class-
work programs. When Dr. Hender-
PROF. RALPH A. SAWYER, on leave from the Department of Physics,
and war-time laboratory director at the Naval Ordnance Proving
Grounds at Dahlgren, Va., is the technical director for Operation
Crossroads under Rear Admiral W. S. Parsons. A recognized leader in
the field of spectro-chemical analysis, Prof. Sawyer has termed the
Marshall Islands tests of Joint Army and Navy Task Force One as
essentially an ordnance proving grounds trial of "a weapon against
a new target under new conditions."
son retired, he was appointed director, tension Service from its inception.
and it is largely under his direction The joint committee arranged lec-
that the Extension Service has un- tures on health questions, prepares
dertaken the varied activities which bulletins, provides a daily health-
it now includes. and-hygiene column for state news-,
Well Attuned papers, and broadcasts a series of
That the program of adult edu- health talks.
cation activities in the Extension Another phase of Extension Serv-
Service is attuned to the needs of the ice work is supervision of the activi-
people of the state, is demonstrated ties of the Michigan High School
by the list of subdivisions of the Forensic Association. This was be-
service. The first activity undertaken, gun in 1917 when Thomas C. True-
and indeed the only one at first, was blood, professor of oratory, suggested
extension lectures. This work has the organization of a high schocl,
gradually grown until at present more debating league. The work is carried
than 530 lectures a year are given in on by a manager who devotes part of
various towns of the state by Uni- his time to the Extension Service and
versity faculty members. part to the Department of Speech.
In 1913 a request was made for In 1916 the Extension Service o -
the organization of extension classes ginated a visual education program
with regular academic credit in De- with the purchase of a small collec-
troit. Accordingly, courses were given tion of slides which were sent out on
there in philosophy, English and his- request to state organizations. How-
tory. Some 1,500 such courses were ever, the Visual Education Bureau
given outside Ann Arbor in the period was not formally organized until 1937,
from 1913 to 1919, and today about when a special University appropria-
125 extension courses are being giv- tion for educational motion pictures
en a year. An increasing number of was made. Today at least 100,000
the courses are non-credit; today people a year see the films sent out
three-fourths of the enrollments are by this bureau.
in non-credit courses, a figure higher
than that of any other school.
In 1936 the Michigan WPA offer-
ed to finance a supervised corres-
pondence study center at the Uni-
versity, and with the approval of
the executive committee of the liter-
ary college, the courses were begun
in that year.
During Pres. Burton's administra-
tion the University entered into a
joint program with the Michigan
State Medical Society for a state-wide
program of health education, which
has been carried on through the Ex-
Vet Students Overtax
Present 'U' Facilities
In the fall of '45 the University's
School of Business Administration,
in conjunction with the University
Extension Service, set up a short
course in business management for
the benefit of veterans.
Designed to meet the needs of vet-
erans planning to go into business
for themselves, the University course,
under the supervision of Prof.
Charles L. Jamison of the business
administration school, runs four
months and covers the knowledge
which small businesmen should have,
from accounting to worker relations.
First in Country
"The University's course," Prof.
Jamison said, "is the first of its kind
in the country, and as such has
aroused inquiries from Seattle to
Boston." He has received many let-
ters and telegrams not only from
veterans interested in taking the
course but from other colleges and
univer ities interested in setting up
like programs of their own.
Many interested veterans had to
be refused admittance to the "short"
course because of crowded facilities
and lack of teaching. personnel. The
prime tests for admittance, Prof.
Jamison said, were whether the ap-
plicants had had enough business
experience to make the course bene-
ficial to them or whether they were
really serious in their intentions of
going into small business for them-
Provides General Training
The objectives of the University's
short course in business administra-
tion are to provide a necessary gen-
eral training in the minimum time
and to give the student an oppor-
tunity to study the problems of the
particular type of business, he plans
primarily for veterans who plan to
go into business for themselves, it
also provides a brief survey of busi-
ness for the benefit of those who may
be seeking employment in business.
Under the four months program,
the courses are divided into units
of work, each of which covers a
period of four weeks. Since the sub-
ject matter of each unit is complete
in itself, new students are admitted
at any one of the four periods.
The demand for the courses was
so great that in addition to the pro-
gram running here at the University
this spring, a new serieshcovering the
same material was established April
29 at the University Extension Cen-
ter in the Rackham Educational
Memorial Building in Detroit and
will run through August 16.
ALUMNI MEMORIAL HALL - Built in 1910, this building houses a
reading room, art galleries, the University Club and is the headquar-
ters of the Alumni Association,
Sflation Catches Coeds;
Alarming Spread is No ted
Vets To Have
Rank Second in Order
Disabled Michigan veterans will be
given the first priority ratings for
new assignments to men's dormi-
tories for the Fall Semester, Dean of
Students Joseph Bursley said in an-
nouncing policies for the University
residence halls system.
Under the policy for the fall, Mich-
igan freshman will be second in order
of preference and other Michigan
veterans will rank third.
Men now housed in the dormi-
twr system will be reassigned to
University residences unless their
"citizenship" records show that
they are "not suitable," he said.
Although the University will have
three more- houses on campus for
'ivilian students in the fall and'hopes
to secure additional space in Willow
Village. Bursley said he could not
estima te at this time how many men
the University will be able to accom-
moda e in the dormitory system.
Assignments for coeds will be
made on the basis of the time that
applications for rooms were made,
except in the case of incoming
freshman, Mrs. Elsie Fuller, ad-
ministrative assistant in the Office
of the Dean of Women, explained.
"Every girl who has filed an ap-
plication, regardless of the place of
her home residence, has an equal
right to housing in the University
system, depending on her application
date," she said.
Independent women will be the
first to be considered, while affiliated
women, whose houses cannot provide
them with quarters, will be eligible
for assignment to League houses.
Although the women's dormitory
system is losing six converted fra-
ternities, housing about 200 coeds,
in the fall, Mrs. Fuller said that her
office will be able to accommodate
about 5,400 in all women's housing
facilities in Ann Arbor. This is about
70 more than were placed this term.
About 90 League houses will provide
quarters for 1,100 women.
Women will not be assigned to
rooms until after the end of the
term when their scholastic eligibity
has been checked.
Notices of dormitory assignments
will be sent to both men and women
sometime in July.
Michigan coeds may have fallen
prey to the peculiar post-war inflation
that has added two inches to the
average hip measurement credited to
junior misses all over America by the
Several Ann Arbor corsetieres
have agreed with the New York
fashion stylist who reported that
Miss America's hips have bewilder-
ed girdle manufacturers by con-
siderably out-growing the pre-war
Wasp waists still are the vogue in
campus corset shops, but trim hips
may be a disappearing curiosity if
this girth-gaining continues, add
these local stylists.
Michigan coeds, they say, have
managed to keep their svelte waist
lines, but fitting the buxom modern
misses into girdles of pre-war mea-
surements is becoming a real tussle.
Before this seam-popping ten-
dency began, one local fitter called
26-34 the average coed waist-hip
proportion. But now, she said, 26-
36 is a more accurate figure.
The University Health Service was
a little reluctant to accept this growth
as a feature of the post-war world,
but Dr. Margaret Bell conjectures
that if true it may be a good thing.
Expanding hips wouldn't necessar-
ily be due to a growth of fatty tissue,
according to Dr. Bell. It might mean
a development of worthwhile muscle
or even an increase in bone structure.
But Dr. Bell would deplore the
gain if it resulted just from an
abundance of fat. She warned "the
soft little beauties of 18" that this
expansion may only be the first
sign that their shapes will be a lot
different at the age of 40.
From the professional standpoint,
on the other hand, the doctor would
welcome a growth in girth, for she
said "it would be fine for child-bear-
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