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June 08, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-06-08

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.

BELGIAN
WHEATD
See Page 4

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C:LOUDYAND

COOLER

VOL. LVI No. 159 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 8, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Uprisings
Reported
In Naples
Italian Police Club
Royalist Rioters
By The Associated Press
NAPLES, June 7-Violent demon-
strations by several thousand royal-
ists killed one soldier and injured at
least 10 persons in Naples today,
while in Rome police clubbed down
monarchists shouing "Long live the
king!" and "Down with the repub-
lic!"
'The new outbursts in Nples by
House of Savoy sympathizers, dis-
satisfied with the plebiscite reject-
ing the monarchy, broke after fight-
ing last night in which one person
was killed, eight werehinjured and
Catholic priests were maltreated.
Priests were conspicuously absent
from the streets today.
Heavy police guards, reinforced
by troops, cruised Naple streets in
light tanks and jeeps armed with ma-
chine guns. Early tonight gunfire
continued and some 50 persons, many
of them women, had been placed un-
der arrest.
Hand Grenade Kills 10
A soldier riding in the open turret
of a tank was killed when police fired
a volley into the air in an effort to
disperse a crowd near the Univer-
sity of Naples. A hand grenade was
tossed during the manifestation,
wounding at least 10 persons.
This afternoon leaders of the Mon-
archist Party in Naples, called police
headquarters and asserted they had
not organized the demonstrators.
In Rome police used clubs to break
up a demonstration by 200 monar-
chists in downtown streets.
Socialist Minister of the Interior
Guiseppe Romita insisted, however,
that tranquility reigned in all of Italy
with the exception of Rome and
Naples. Government sources in Rome
denied categorically reports that
supporters of the king were gather-
in Naples.
Charge Fraud in Plebiscite
Crowds surged through the streets
of Naples all day shouting "Viva!"
for King Umberto II. As many as 5,-
000 passed through the railay"star
tion on at least two occasions. They
shouted also that the plebiscite was
ffaudulent.
The demonstrations forced stores
to close at 10 a.m. in this city where
the royalists outnumbered repub-
licans 4 to 1 in the plebiscite.
The mistreatment of Catholic
priests was said to have been done
by persons accusing them of blame
for downfall of the Savoy dynasty-
a motive which puzzled observers
since the church had never been
charged with favoritism for the re-
public.
Senators Will
Vote on Own
Pay Increase
WASHINGTON, June 7 -(AP)-
Senators were advised today to in-
crease their own incomes through a
$2,500 a year increase allowance and
at the same time reduce funds for
the Navy by almost $40,000,000.
The unrelated recommendations
came from the Senate Appropriations
Committee as it worked double time
to try to complete a series of annual
appropriations needed to operate the
federal government in the fiscal year
starting July 1. It finished work on
the legislative appropriations and,

the Navy supply bills.
On May 28 of last year the Senate
by a 43 to 49 roll call vote, with 44
senators not voting, rejected the ex-
tra expense allowance for themselves
while allowing it to House members.
Although the Appropriations Com-
mittee action was unanimous, Sena-
tor Bridges, a member of the com-
mittee, said some senators may fight
the pay item on the Senate floor. He
added that if Congressional salaries
are upped from the present $10,000
to $15,000 a year as provided in the
pending bills, there is a "general un-
derstanding" that the expense al-
lowance would be dropped.
Marriage Lectures
May Be Held in Fall
Marriage relations lectures may be
offered during beth the fall and
spring semesters next year, Lloyd
Berridge, chairman of the Marriage
Relations Course Committee, an-
nounced yesterday.
Berridge said that an "attempt"
will be made to offer two identical

Chinese Civil War Halts
To Permit Peace Talks
Half Million Government and Communist
Troops Face Each Other in Manchuria
By The Associated Press
NANKING, June 7-China entered upon one of the most delicate periods
in her modern history at noon today-a 15-day truce in Manchuria during
which she maust unequivocally determine whether she is to have peace or
full-scale civil war.
On the Manchurian Plain, orders halted a half million opposing govern-
ment and Communist troops where they stood, so that negotiators here
could attempt once again to achieve the peaceful unity that died aborning
last January.
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's directive to his advancing national
troops to cease fire and concurrence by the Communists, prevented the gen-
n>eral civil war which had been an

Hard Coal Miners Given

Welifare

Fund,

Wmage Boost in Settlement;

Progress Seen In Shipping Strike

Wolverines Top
Bronco Nine
Behind Bowman
Nussbaumer Leads
Michigan to 6-2 Win
By WALT KLEE
Special to The Daily
KALAMAZOO, June 7-Nine Mich-
igan base hits coupled with two er-
rors and the clutch pitching of Lefty
Bliss Bowman, enabled the Wolver-
ines to throw a 6-2 victory halter on
the Broncos of Western Michigan
here this afternoon.
The victory was the second of the
season over Western Michigan and
marked the first time since 1939 that
the Wolverines have taken both
games of the annual home-and-
home series with the Broncos. Maize
and Blue batsmen got nine hits off
the southpaw offerings of Ed Rossi
and "Red" Biddle while Bliss Bow-
man was nicked for the same num-
ber.
Bowman's Fifth Win
But Michigan's hurler was tighter
in the clutches as he twirled his fifth
win of the season against a pair of
defeats. Michigan's southpaw ace
gave up only one walk while the Wol-
verines received eight passes from the
duo of Bronco portsiders.
Four fast double plays, three by
the home team, were seen in the
game, while five errors were scored
against the teams defensively, three
against the visiting Wolverines.
Robinson Hurt
Don Robinsoi, Michigan's short-
stop, was hit in the head by Dick
Groggel and may not be able, to see
action in tomorrow's game at South
Bend.
Bob Nussbaumer hit a triple and
See BOWMAN, Page 3
'Atomic Energy'
Displayed Here
'U' Scientists Reveal
Future Possibilities
"Atomic Energy - Promise and
Threat", an exhibit sponsored by
the Association of University of
Michigan Scientists, is currently on
display on the main floor of the Gen-
eral Library.
The exhibit is divided into nine
parts outlining the research, devel-
opment and future of atomic energy.
One subdivision entitled "Scientists
Enter the Political Scene" shows the
progress made by the newly organized
Association of University of Michi-
gan Scientists and other organiza-
tions of scientists throughout the
country in their drive for internation-
al control of the atomic bomb.
The possible future benefits of
atomic energy in industry, medicine,
and power generation are illustrated
in the exhibit. Contrasted with this
display is the subdivision which shows
the dangers of atomic energy now and
in the future. Another feature of this
section of the exhibit is a map of
New York City, showing the extent
of the destrucion that would result
from one atomic bomb.

hourly threat in the recent disorder-
ed weeks.
Whether the new short armistice
was 100 per cent effective was not
known here in Nanking, 1,000 miles
and more from the field. In some
isolated sectors it was believed that
minor skirmishes might - continue
among troops who failed to get the
word.
The remainder of China still is
technically under the armistice ar-
ranged last January, although there
has been almost constant skirmishing
at scattered points.
Friday morning, before the Man-
churian truce took effect, Gen. Chou
En-Lai, chief Communist negotiator;
Lu Ting-Yi, Communist information
chief, and ten staff members took off
for the bleak Communist capital at
Yenan to confer with their superiors.
Chou departed without seeing Gen.
Marshall, American mediator, again,
leading to speculation that he might
have taken with him a general plan
for permanent cessation of hostilities;
throughout China.
Behind the council table still stood
the long shadow of hate-propaganda.
Marshall sharply called both sides to
task on this count recently, but al-o
most at the hour he was working out
the truce, the Communist Emanci-
pation Daily in Yenan released an es-
pecially bitter editorial attacking
United States policy.
Aranoff Wins
Lee Medical
History Contest
Bernard W. Agranoff has been
awarded $25 for his winning essay,
"Penicillin: An Industrial Triumph,"
in the Elizabeth Sergeant Lee Medi-
cal History Contest established this
year, it was announced by Dean E. A.
Walter yesterday.
The prize, offered for the first time
this year, is given to a junior or sen-
ior premedical student in the literary
college submitting the best essay on
some topic concerning the history
of medicine.
During the present year, subjects
suggested' for essays included the his-
tory of military medical units, the
developments of industrial medicine,
tropical medicines, and other phases
of medical history.
The contest will be held regularly
in future years. The conditions for
next year's contest will be announced
early in the fall semester through
the office of Dean Walter.
Judges for this year's competition
were Prof. Adam A. Christman, Prof.
Frederick H. Test and Prof. John
Arthos.
MSC Students Will
Restrict Smoking
EAST LANSING, June 7 --GP)-
Michigan State College students to-
day turned thumbs down on a pro-
posal to permit them to smoke any
place on the campus.
The undergraduates voted 1,703 to
1,501 for continuance of thepresent
system under which smoking is per-
mitted only in designated places in-
side of campus buildings.

Walkouts Still
Threatened on
Both Coasts
Pacific Union Cancels
Ban on Ship Sailings
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, June 7 - Dealings
with both AFL and CIO West Coast
seamen's unions took favorable turns
across the continent tonight but
failed to erase threats of double-
header shipping strikes on all coasts
later on.
In San Francisco, the Pacific-Am-
erican Shipowners Association off-
ered tonight to start contract nego-
tiations there tomorrow with the
AFL Sailors Union of the Pacific.
Association officials said the union
immediately cancelled a ban on tak-
ing ships to sea.
The union itself set a meeting for
tomorrow morning to act on the op-
erators' offer.
Issues Narrowed Down
In Washington, the president and
attorney of the, operators' organiza-
tion, J. B. Bryan and Gregory Harri-
son, were tied up in discussions with
West Coast unions of the CIO-dom-
inated Committee for Maritime Uni-
ty. From the session came official
reports of progress. Government con-
ciliators said the West Coast issues
"have been narrowed down consid-
erably."
Even so, no.sign of a final settle-'
ment turned up.
East Coast settlements, more im-
portant in the general picture be-
cause the government hopes to use
them in setting the pattern for na-
tion-wide agreements, have been at
an impasse.
The king-pin CIO National Mari-
time Union discussed, strategy for a
strike set for June 15.
Recommendation Rejected
President Truman talked with his
cabinet about the maritime crisis and
word seeped out that prospects were
"pretty bad." The situation was so
"delicate" that House subcommittee
abruptly halted an investigation of
it until next Tuesday.
A dispute between Harry Bridges'
CIO Longshoremen and Warehouse-
men, concentrated on West Coast
docks, was aired in negotiations for
the first time. Bridges met with con-
ciliators and Frank P. Foisie, presi-
dent of the Pacific Waterfront Em-
ployers Association.
Afterward, Foisie told reporters
that Bridges had rejected formally
a government fact-finding board
recommendation of a 22-cents-an-
hiour pay increase for his union.
Major Powers
Clash on WFTU
Voice Proposal
NEW YORK, June 7 -(P)- The
major powers on the United Nations
Economic and Social Council clashed-
today over a French proposal that
the World Federation of Trade Un-
ions be given a bigger voice in the
council's work.
The proposal was vigorously op-
posed by the United States and Great
Britain, but was supported by Rus-
sia, Czechoslovakia, the Ukraine,
Belgium and Peru.
After almost three hours of debate
the question was referred to the
council's Committee onArrangements
for Consultation with Non-govern-
mental Organizations with instruc-
tions that, the committee re-draft its
earlier recommendations in the light
of today's comments and suggestions.
In urging that the role of the

WFTU be enlarged, French Delegate
Henri Hauck and Soviet Delegate
Nikolai J. Feonov supported the
proposition which Sidney Hillman,
vice-president of the labor organi-
zation, set forth in a letter to the
council.
Famine Relief Art Exhibit
Presented at Lane Hall
An exhibit of works of art, donated
by faculty and student artists is cur-
rently being staged at Lane Hall
by the Local Artists for Famine Re-

* * *

SEAMEN WALK OFF SHIP-These four seamen walked off Steamship
Sword Knot (background) in Seattle to attend a, union meeting. They
were among 500 seamen leaving 40 deep-sea vessels at the dock.
ROYALIST DECREE:
Death Sentences Authorized
To Crush Disorder in Greece

* * *

Gn
Men To Return
To Mines After

i

ATHENS, June 7-OIP)- The Roy-
alist government, opening a drive to
crush disorder in Greece, today in-
voked a drastic emergency decree
setting up summary courts empow-
ered to pass death sentences for us-
ing arms against authorities or inter-
fering with police.
There will be no recourse from the
summary courts, and death sentences
will be carried out immediately, the
Ministry of Justice declared.
The decree, which suspends guar-
antees in the Greek constitution of
either a trial within three months
or freedom, provides also for a mini-
Prof. Sadler
Receives Army
Commendati on
Prof. Walter C. Sadler of the en-
gineering school yesterday was
awarded the Army commendation,
ribbon by the Ninth Service Com-
mand.
The citation for it, directed by
General Stilwell, reads: "He applied
his technical knowledge and back-
ground with consummate skill and
.sound judgment in supervising and
coordinating the complete and varied
service command responsibilities for
operation and maintenance of utili-
ties at all posts, camps and stations
in this command.
"Through his outstanding efforts
he was particularly responsible for
conservation of water, fuel and elec-
tricity and in utilities price adjust-
ment which resulted in saving mil-
lions of dollars for the government."
Prof. Sadler returned in March to
the civil engineering department af-
ter four years of Army service. He
was a lieutenant colonel.

mum sentence of five years for strik-
ers in public utilities.
The death penalty can be passed
also for "moral authors" of action
against the state.
Six articles in the constitution re-
lating to the courts were suspended,
and police and the military were
given wide authority.
The police were authorized to enter
premises, homes or business estab-
lishments at any hour without a
search warrant. Any person can be
held in jail indefinitely without bond.
and without trial.
After the court passes sentence, no
pardons, reprieves or probations will
be permitted. Military courts will
try alleged violators in northern
Greece while civilian courts will pre-
vail in the south.
On May 19 the Ministry of Pub-
lic Order reported that a band of
"Communists" armed with automatic
weapons had killed four gendarmes
at Volos, about 100 miles southwest
of Salonika.
Mfarching Band
Will Organize
The fall marching band will have
its initial organizational meeting at
11 a.m. today in the band rehearsal
room of Harris Hall.
Prof. William D. Revelli will dis-
cuss the football schedule and plans
for the coming season. The band
will play at all home games and it
will accompany the team to Minne-
sota and Ohio State.
Because of increased enrollment
expected next fall, the new March-
ing Band promises to be one of the
finest ever produced at Michigan,
Prof. Revelli said. Freshmen are
eligible to join the band and veterans
with band experience will be espec-
ially welcome to join, he added.

Week's Walkout
Contract May Lead
To Retail Price Rise
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, June 7--John L.
Lewis' AFL United Mine Workers to-
day gained a new contract with an-
thracite operators providing for an
18%/2 cents an hour wage inprease and
a health and welfare fund, the com-
bined concessions of which will cost
the operators an estimated total of
$50,000,000 to $60,000,000 a year.
The 75,000 miners, who have been
on strike in the Pennsylvania hard
coal fields for the past week, will re-
turn to work Monday, Thomas J.
Kennedy, UMW secretary-treasurer,
said in announcing the new contract
at a news conference.
Increased Overhead Estimated
A spokesman for the operators
estimated the increased overhead
from the new contract would add
approximately $1 a ton to the retail
price of anthracite-used chiefly for
hom~e heating.
The health and welfare fund-to
be financed by a five cents a ton
royalty on all hard coal mined-
would amount to $2,700,000 on the
basis of last year's production.
The agreement as announced by
Kennedy closely parallels the con-
tract the UMW signed in Washington
with the government for 400,000 bit-
uminous coal miners recently.
Health Fund Won
An 181/2 cent an hour wage boost
and a health and welfare fund were
won by the union in the soft coal
negotiations.
The =UMW, however, won a con-
cession from hard coal operators in
the health and welfare fund which
it did not obtain from the govern-
ment. Under the agreement the fund
will be administered by three trustees
-two of whom will be named by
UMW President John L. Lewis and
a third by the operators.
The soft coal agreement provided
for one trustee selected by the UMW,
one by the government and a third
selected by the first two.
Vacation Pay Raise
Also included in the new contract
is a provision for vacation pay of
$100 instead of the present $75 for
10 days' time off.
That point also was included in
the bituminous agreement.
Althought the hard coal miners
will be paid their vacation pay this
summer, Kennedy said the miners
had agreed actually to take off only
four days-July 4 to 7. Such a limi-
tation was not written into the soft
coal agreement.
The present five-day week was
continued in the new contract.
Also continued was the present
policy of a sixth day's work being
optional. If that sixth day is worked
the miner receives time and a half.
County Is Vital
Unit-Broma ge
Explaining the significance of the
forthcoming primary in a statement
to the Ann Arbor League of Women
Voters, Prof. Arthur W. Bromage, of
the political science department,
pointed out that the county is "one
of the most important self-govern-
ing units of American democracy
and has vital functions."
He specifically mentioned that key
administrative posts such as county
clerk, treasurer, sheriff and prosecut-
ing attorney as being of special im-
portance. County officials, in con-
trast to those in the city, are chosen
by popular election and are directly
responsible to the voters.
Prof. Bromage also stressed the
importance of the electoral partici-
pation by citizens in the primary,

since by the time of the general
election, the "caliber of the candi-
dates has already been fixed by the
primary."
* * *
Candidates for Primary
Will Speak at Courthouse

NOMINATION PRAISED:
Vinson Promotion Cited 'Good'
On Basis of Political Record'

100 MILES UP:
Navy Equips V-2 Rocket with
Laboratory for Space Test

The nomination of Fred M. Vinson
as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
is "very good on the basis of his
long and varied experience in govern-
ment," Paul J. Scheips, of the poli-
tical science department, declared
yesterday.
Scheips pointed out that Vinson
spent "a good part of his. life prac-
ticing law" and was a district judge
in Kentucky. Vinson also was a con-
gressman for a number of years, was

tary of the Treasury by John W. Sny-
der, present director of war mobiliza-
tion and reconversion, if the Senate
approves. "Snyder is not of Vinson's
caliber and certainly does not have
his experience in government."
Scheips added.
Most of the court has a "liberal"
outlook, he declared, but "there are
two groups which differ on certain
fundamental matters." Vinson also
has a "liberal" attitude, but Scheips

WASHINGTON, June 7-(P)-The
Navy has constructed a tiny robot
laboratory in the nose of a giant
rocket and plans to drive it 100 miles
high to send back scientific informa-
tion.
The Bureau of Research and In-
ventions announced today that the
first flight will be June 27 at the
WXhil-p A onric.nrnvhinrvr r.'nd T no

are the cosmic ray, electrons, and
high altitude radio and radar trans-
mission.
Scientists will be stationed at many
observation points with equipment to
track the rocket in its six-minute
flight. They will record the data it
radios back to earth.
Later the rocket flights may be

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