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June 07, 1946 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-06-07

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FE-IDAY, JITN : 7, 19,16

. ........F............A....JUNE.............

Fifty-Sixth Year

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Stafff

Margaret Farmer
Hale Champion
Robert Goldman
Emily E. Knapp
Pat Cameron
Clark Baker
Des Howarth
Ann Schutz
Dons Guimaraes

. . . . . . . Managing Editor
*........ . . Editorial Director
. . . . . A City Editor
.Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
. . . . . . . Sports Editor
. . . . . Associate Sports Editor
. .Women's Editor
*...Associate Women's Editor

Business Staff
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . Associate Business Manager
Evelyn Mille . . - . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan. as
second-class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46



Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Union Trustbustiung
RECENT MONTHS have demonstrated all too
clearly the vulnerability of our national eco-
nomy to labor upheavals. Weakening price con-
trol, rising, wages, threatening inflation have
followed in the wake of these disturbances. The
need for effective legislation to halt this trend
has become imperative if we are to retain our
position of world leadership.
This is not the first time the stability of our
free enterprise system has been attacked by
the domination of a single group. Before the
turn of the century the increasing forces of
capital constituted an imposing threat to the
basic laws of our economy. Government control
came to the rescue with the writing of anti-
trust legislation. As late as 1914 with the passing
of the Clayton Act, the labor movement was spe-
cifically exempted from monopoly control mea-
sures, very like the manner an infant industry
is protected from foreign competition by means
of a high import tariff. But even as the tariff,
permanently retained, will react against public
interest, so has our continued mothering of the
labor groups turned against us.
Underlying our economic system is the prin-
ciple of freedom of activity for the individual
within a group, giving rise to the problem of
reconciling this freedom with the demands and
needs of the society. It was originally believed
that the system of free competition would pro-
vide the ideal solution to this prblem. However,
the past fifty years have brought a slow turning
away from this concept toward state control
of labor and industry. Recent events have shown
this present middle position to be untenable.
We are faced with the alternative of adopting
complete domination of industry by the gov-
ernment with fixed wages and enforced arbi-
tration, or attempting to reinstate the prin-
ciples of free competition by restriction of union
activities and revision of anti-trust laws to in-
clude both labor and capital. Of necessity, im-
mediate action must be a step to greater state
control, as found in the Truman Strike-Draft
Bill. A long-run policy must be designed to re-
store a free working society as originally con-
ceived. There must be a balance of power between
groups of individuals so that one group cannot
advance at the expense of othe:s.
THE IMMEDIATE NEED for action was em-
phasized recently by Rep. H. H. Buffett (Rep.,
Neb. when he declared, "Vigorous action is ne-
cessary to safeguard this country from industrial
warfare which will lead to state socialism, with
employer and worker both the loser ... we must
decentralize power in the labor union move-
Decentralization of the big unions is the
first requirement of the long-run policy. The
aim will be to match the size of the employer
with the size of the union, allow free inter-
change of information by both, but subject
to anti-trust regulations. There must be a re-
turn of freedom for the individual which is
lacking under the present union set-up.
In affect, this plan will equalize bargaining
power betw een employer and union and restrict
the scope of union control to the same extent
as that of the employer. Increased activity in
wage competition would result, with wages ap-
proaching the marginal value of the workers'
services. The present trend is to set the wage,
adjust the price, and allow the demand to be
reflected in unemployment. We seek a return

Report on Apathy
in North Carolina, a fortnight ago in the deep
south, and now today in Los Angeles, I have had
the same strong, feeling that the people of this
republic are passing through a bad hour, emo-
tionally. It is as if they wanted something, and
not only didn't have it, but didn't quite know
what it was. It makes a hard kind of story to
cover, this story of a mood; but what surprises
me is the amount of material which comes flood-
ing out when I raise the question.
A candidate for Congress said: "There is a
terrible weariness in people; it is almost like a
momentary loss of faith. I don't understand it.
My friends call me up and say: "It's awfully
hot in Washington, isn't it? You wouldn't like
it as well as California, would you? Where are
you going to live? If you're elected, you're not
really going to be able to accomplish anything,
are you?' They act as if I were running for the
federal penitentiary. It is almost as if we had
thrown up our hands and had lost faith in our-
selves. You still hear political arguments; this is
a very articulate community; but it is almost as
if there were an inability to focus, and the argu-
ments trail away into nothing."
My friend, the candidate, thinks, the death
of Roosevelt has something to do with this
feeling; that a wave of fear followed F.D.R.'s
passing, and that people have turned inward,
and are thinking about smaller things, instead
of bigger and bigger ones. He told me dourly
about a questionnaire he had received from
one association, which asked him, in one
breath and in one sentence: "If you are elect-
ed, what will you do to reduce taxation, or
what other qualifications do you have for pub-
lie office?"
I asked a brilliant woman, a veteran resident
of the city of Los Angeles, about the postwar
mood, and she popped too.
"There's been a peculiar slowing down of the
machinery," she said. "I feel it myself. I just
want to sit in a patio and put my feet on a chair
and drink beer. People are kind of milling
around, in a futile way; they don't talk about the
atomic age, any more, or any other kind of age.
They damn the unions mechanically, but with-
out real interest; they don't actually discuss the
strikes, and if you notice, there's been no scab-
bing. They don't know what to think. There
just doesn't seem to be a voice anywhere in the
world; Roosevelt is gone, Willkie is dead; no-
body has taken their places, and people feel
it. They are still crowding into Los Angeles, lots
of servicemen are trying to stay here; but they
are in a mood that's hard to understand. It's as
if they don't see anything to look forward to and
are afraid they aren't going to find whatever it
is they are looking for. They don't want to take
ordinary jobs and settle down with them and
say, that's that. It's as if there should have
been something wonderful for everybody at the
end of this war, and it isn't here. Maybe the
wartime ads about the postwar future have
I remember the personnel officials at the Lock-
heed plant, earlier this week, and their baffle-
ment at the curious tide of inarticulate discon-
tent which runs through industrial plants to-
"It isn't even a very interesting breakdown,"
said my friend. "If it could be like the twenties
it wouldn't be so bad. It's the twenties without
F. Scott Fitzgerald."
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
THE UNITED STATES is facing its third ma-
jor strike i a month unless the proposed
walkout by seven maritime unions on June 15,
can be averted.
The president has proposed to combat this
action by seizing the merchant ships under the

provisions of the Smith-Connally Act and sail-
ing them with Navy or non-union personnel.
However, the unions have retaliated by asking
the World Federation of Trade Unions to boy-
cott American ships. The appeal was directed
to foreign dock workers, in particular.
Seizure of the merchant ships is not a dras-
tic proposal, since the government owns most
American flag vessels through the War Ship-
ping Administration. Boycott of the ships, how-
ever, would probably be an effective way of cur-
tailing operation.
The union's strike committee has declared
that troop and relief ships would be excluded
from the boycott. Nevertheless, any amount of
shipping going abroad is vital for one reason
or another.
Food would admittedly be allowed to go
through, but food is tied up with a great many
other things. Undoubtedly other goods are be-
ing sent to foreign countries in order to rebuild
and rehabilitate the economy of these nations.
If such operations are delayed, these countries
will take longer to get back on their feet and
will therefore be dependent upon American
relief for a longer period of time. Relief is a
stop-gap measuye; rehabilitation is long-range.
Obviously, we can not afford to allow either of
these measures to be obstructed.
-Phyllis L. Kaye

WHENEVER THERE IS a major strike in this
country, a number of people . . . some honest
and some not honest . . . try to raise a false
issue which actually has no bearing on the
strike. Thus during the coal strike most Ameri-
can newspapers tried to tell us that the strike
was simply an effort by John L. Lewis to take
over the United States. During the railroad strike
President Truman attempted to place the entire
blame on the leaders of the striking Railway
Brotherhoods, Al Whitney and Alvanley John-
ston. We were told that these two men, as well
as Mr. Lewis, were attempting to take over the
country. We heard frightened sobs from those
who feared that we would all starve, and there
,were many furious roars from all corners. The
coal strike and the railroad strike were both said
to be efforts by power-mad leaders to set them-
selves up as dictators in this country.
On the eve of the threatened shipping strike
the same cry is again being raised, and this
time it is coming from a supposed labor leader.
Joe Ryan, president of the AF of L International
Longshoremen's Association, has charged that
the CIO shipping unions are going to strike in
order to "turn over the maritime industry to
Soviet Russia." If Mr. Ryan's charges are true,
we should certainly act upon them and prevent
the strike. However, there are very good rea-
sons for believing that they are not true.
The first of these reasons is that we should
always view with suspicion any charge by the
AF of L against the CIO, or by the CIO against
the AF of L. The CIO was founded by several
unions which were expelled from the AF of L,
and rancor has never died down.
The second reason for doubting the charges
is the character of Mr. Ryan. His attempt
to sell out his own union members in the San
Francisco strike of 1934 caused all the long-
shoremen on the West Coast to leave the AFL
and found the CIO Longshoremen's union under
the leadership of Harry Bridges. Ryan then at-
tempted to frame Bridges and have him de-
ported to Australia, but this plot was broken
up by the United States Supreme Court. Now
Ryan charges that the proposed strike by seven
CIO unions is an attempt to turn over the
shipping industry to Russia!
When the rank and file longshoremen on the
East Coast revolted against Ryan and struck
early this year, the New Republic revealed
some interesting facts about Ryan. They called
him a dictator inside his gown union, and
pointed out that he made himself president
for life at an annual salary of $25,000. Bridges
was elected president for one year at a salary
of $6,000.
The third reason for doubting the charge is
that it is obviously ridiculous. The 200,000 men
who threaten to strike all make their living from
the American shipping industry. Are we to be-
lieve that they intend to destroy their source
of livelihood by turning over the shipping in-
dustry to another country?
During the war the average wage of NMU
members was about $200 a month. Today the
average wage is only $145 a month, a decline
of 40%. Therefore the union wants a 30% wage
increase. Today the average work week for
seamen is 56 hours and they are not paid
overtime. They want overtime for all hours
above 40 in any week. Even during the war
these seamen made only about 85 cents an
The CIO unions involved have promised that,
in the event they do strike, they will continue
to sail all troop ships and all relief ships. Thus
in the case of a strike, we have been promised
that no innocent people in Europe will starve
as a result of it. These seven unions have not
struck a single time since the beginning of the
war. Therefore there is reason to believe that
they will keep their current promise, just as they
kept the no-strike pledge during the war.
-Ray Ginger

ussian Comtplex
Press correspondent who has just returned
from Moscow where he has been an observer
during the past five years, neither Russian diplo-
mats nor any Russian think of their recent world
political moves as any but completely justified
in accordance with peaceful aims.
Russians want nothing but peace, Gilmore says,
and lists reasons ranging from depletion of Soviet
resources in the war to the desire to get their
famous five-year plan into operation.
Yet the Russian's recent reduction of their
army left some six million men under arms.
And Soviet moves to consolidate their position
in the Balkans and the Near East have been
aggresive to say the least.
National inferiority complexes rank high
among the world's maladies. However legitimate
Russian motives may be, their attitudes and
actions should be given an international airing.
Continued misunderstanding accompanied by
politically suspicious moves can only lead to
the logical outcome of any well-developed na-
tional inferiority complex. The parallels are
too obvious and numerous to list.
-Milt Freudenheim

Pubication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent In typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
FRIDAY, JUNE 7, 1946 e
VOL. LVI, No. 158t
Faculty Tea: President and Mrst
Ruthven will be at home to members
of the faculty and other townspeople
Sunday, June 9, from 4:00 to 6:00.
Cars may park in the restricted zone
on South University between 4:00
and 6:30 p.m.
Student Accounts: Your attention
is called to the following rules pass-
ed by the Regents at their meeting
of February 28, 1936:
"Students shall pay all accounts
due the University not later than the
last day of classes each semester or
Summer Session. Student loans
which are not paid or renewed are
subject to this regulation; however,
student loans not yet due are exempt.
Any unpaid accounts at the close ofl
business on the last day of classes
will be reported to the Cashier of
the University and
" (a) All academic credits will be
withheld, the grades for the semester
or Summer Session just completed
will not be released, and no transcript
of credits will be issued.
"(b) All students owing such ac-
counts will not be allowed to register
in any subsequent semester or Sum-
mer Session until payment has been
Herbert G. Watkins,
Tickets for Graduation Exercises:t
Entrance tickets to Ferry Field and;
Yost Field House for the graduation
exercises on June 22 will be ready
for distribution on June 7. Please
apply at the Information Desk, in
the Business Office, Room 1, Univer-
sity Hall. Those eligible to receiver
tickets will please present their ident-t
ification cards. For Ferry Field a rea-
sonable number of tickets to each
graduate will be available; to Yost
Field House, however, owing to lack
of space, three only can be provided.
HerberthG. Watkins, Secretary
Faculty, College of Engineering:
There will be a meeting of the Fac-
ulty of this College on Monday, June
10, at 4:15 p.m., in Room 348, West
Engineering Building.
German Departmental Library
Books are due in the departmental
office on June 10 regardless of the
due datestamped in the book.
Women's Engineering Society: Will
the members of the society please
sign their names to the information
cards that have been sent out by
the secretary before they are remailed
to Mrs. Dyer?
Students having lockers at Water-
man Gymnasium should clear lockers
and secure refund prior to June 20.
Lockers at the Intramural Sports
Building must be vacated by June
7. The building will be closed on and
after June 8.
All NROTC students who have ap-
plied for admission to the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts for
the Spring Term who have not re-
ceived their admission certificates
please call at 1209 Angell Hall as
soon as possible.
Senior leather bound and card-
board announcements will be ready
for distribution Monday, June 10,
and Tuesday, June 11, and may be
picked up between the hours of 10
to 12 and 1 to 3 in Room 4, Univer-
sity Hall, on those days. Seniors are

required to bring either their re-
ceipts or their identification cards
to obtain their orders. Every senior
should check his order to see that it
is correct as no corrections will be
made after the student leaves the
room. For those who are unable to
pick up their leather and cardboard
orders on June 10 and 11, there
will be a later distribution on June.
18 from 1 to 4 in Room 2.
Notice to all Graduating Engineer-
ing Students: Caps and Gowns for
the Commencement Exercises will be
available for rental Monday and
Tuesday afternoons, June 10 and
11, from 1 to 5 in the Garden Room of
the Michigan League. All Engineer-
ing students must make their rentals
on one of these days, as they will not
be available after Tuesday.
Seniors in Aeronautical, Electrical,
and Mechanical Engineering: Mr.'
Nance of North American Aviation,
Inc. (Inglewood, California) will in-



Time of Exerc


nday at 8
" "' 10
" " 11
nday at 1
, ," 2
3 2
esday at 8
", " 9
"x " 10
,, 11
esday at 1
"t " 2
" "$ 3


..................... Sat., June 15,
......................Wed., June 19,
...Tues., June 18,

... . Thu., June"
..........Sat., June
..........Fri., June1
.........Tues., June7
..........Wed., June
......... Mon., June1
.........Thu., June1
.... Fri., June1
......Thu., June1
..........Tues., June7
. .........Mon., JuneI


College of Literature, Science, and the Arts
Sociology 51, 54 ....................
Spanish 1, 2, 31, 32 ..................
German 1, 2, 31, 32 ................
Political Science 1, 2, 52 ............
Psychology 42 ......................
Chemistry 55 .......................
Speech 31, 32 ....................
French 1, 2, 12, 31, 32, 61, 62,
91, 92, 93, 153 ..................
English 1, 2.....................
Economics 51, 52, 53, 54............
Botany 1 ............... ..........
Zoology 1 ..........................

Thu., June 13,
Fri., June 14,
Fri., June 14,
Sat., June 15,
Sat., June 15,
Mon., June 17,
Mon., June 17,
Mon., June 17,
Tues., June 18,
Tues., June 18,
Wbd., June 19,
Wed., June 19,.

2:00- 4:00
2:00- 4:00
2:00- 4:00
8:00-10 :00
10 :30-12:30
2:00- 4:00
2:00- 4:00
8:00-10 :00

Spring Term Exam Schedule
College of Literature, Science, and the Arts
College of Pharmacy
School of Business Administration
School of Education
School of Forestry and Conservation
School of Music
School of Public Ilealth
June 13 to June 19, 1946
NOTE: For courses having both lectures and quizzes, the time of ex-
ercise is the time of the first lecture period of the week; for courses having
quizzes only, the time of exercise is the time of the first quiz period. Cer-
tain courses will be examined at special periods as noted below the regular
schedule. To avoid misunderstandings and errors, each student should re-
ceive notification from his instructor of the time and place of his examina-
tion. In the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, no date of examina-
tion may be changed without the consent of the Examination Committee.

Time of Examination

School of Business Administration
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any necessary changes
will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
School of Forestry and Conservation
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any necessary changes
will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
School of Music: Individual Instruction in Applied Music
Individual examinations by appointment will be given for all applied
music courses (individual instruction) elected for credit in any unit of the
University. For time and place of examinations, see bulletin board at the
School of Music.
School of Public Health
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any neccssary changes
will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
June 13 to June 19, 1946
NOTE: For the courses having both lectures and quizzes, the time
of exercise is the time of the first lecture period of the week; for
courses having quizzes only, the time of exercise is the time of the first
quiz period.
Drawing and laboratory work may be continued through the exam-
ination period in amount equal to that normally devoted to such work
during one week.
Certain courses will be examined at special periods as noted below
the regular schedule. All cases of conflicts between assigned examina-
tion periods must be reported for adjustment. See bulletin board out-
side of Room 3209 East Engineering Building between May 29 and June
5, for instruction. To avoid misunderstandings and errors, each stu-
dent should receive notification from his instructor of the time and
place of his appearance in each course during the period June 13 to
June 19.
No date of examination may be changed without the consent of
the Classification Committee.


Time of Exercise

Time of Examination


(at .8
(at 9
(at 10
(at 11
(at 1
(at 2
(at 3

F riday




June 13
June 15
June 14
June 18
June 19
June 17
June 13
June 14
June 13
June 18
June 17
Julie 15
June 19
June 18
Juie 13
June 14
June 15
June 17
June 17
June 18
June 19


Chem-Met 1; E.E. 2a
Draw. 1; M.E. 1; Span.;
E.M. 1; C.E. 2
Draw. 3; Surv. 1, 2, 4
Draw. 2; M.E. 3; Frenc
Econ. 53, 54; English 11
M.P. 2, 3, 4

German *Friday
* Saturday
h *Monday
* Tuesday

*This may also be used as an irregular period, provided there is no
conflict with the regular printed schedule above.
Prescribed V-12 courses will also follow the above schedule.

terview graduating seniors on Friday,
June 7, in Room 3205 East Engineer-
ing Building.
Applications blanks may be obtain-
ed in Room B-47 East Engineering
Building. Interested men will please
sign the interview senedule posted
on the Aeronautical Engineering Bul-
letin Board.
Men interested in jobs as coun-
selors at a summer camp for crip-
pled children may obtain full infor-
mation at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
Widow Village Program for Vet-
erans and their Wives:
Saturday, June 8: Record Dance,

Biological Chemistry Lecture: Dr.
B. L. Baker of the Department of
Anatomy will speak on "Applications
of Chemical Methods to Microscopic
Technique" in the East Lecture Room
of the Rackham Building on Friday,
June 7, at 4 p.m. All. interested are
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Harry
Andrew Broad, Fine Arts; thesis:
"Contemporary Lihography, to be
held Saturday, June 8, at 9:00 am.
in 2009 Angell Hall. Chairman, J. G.
English 1, Final Examination
Schedule for Tuesday, June 18, 8-10

CeeI*a r,., Me.at. ..R u.,Ia
".. t.i c 04
T I've enjoyed playing ball with j

If we only had one good player
we could really depend or, . . .

By Crockett Johnson
Put on the mitt and mask, m'boy ... Fadeway
O'Malley is about to test McSnoyd's batfing



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