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June 07, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-06-07

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UNION TRUST-
BUSTING
See Page 4

Y

Lw 43UU

*4 i~

CLOUDY AND
WARMER

VOL. LVI, No. 158 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JUNE 7, 1946

PRICE FiVE CENTS

StalinLeadership
To Last for Years
Is 'AlmostHallowed' By Russians;
They Don't Talk About a Successor
By EDDY GILMORE
EDITOR'S NOTE: Eddy Gilmore has been Associated Press Correspondent
in Russia for the past five years and is now in this country on vacation.
NEW YORK, June 6-IP-)-Generalissimo Josef Stalin is a highly re-
spected, almost hallowed, figure in Russia today. He is regarded by his
193,000,000 people as probably the greatest Russian of all time-greater
than Peter the Great, Ivan the Terrible, and perhaps, even Lenin.
At 66, Stalin is still a vigorous man and still in charge of this nation that
occupies one-sixth of the earth's surface.
Elected in February this year to four more years as Russia's lead-

Break

with

Spain Delayed by
e y1

UN;

Vinson Nominated As Chief Justice

er, Stalin seems likely to fill out

his term and if his health is as good
as it is today, be elected again.

Treasury WillI
Be Headed by
John Snyder
Sullivan Named to
Higher Naval Post
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, June 6-Fred M.
Vinson of Kentucky, former con-
gressman, judge and reconversion di-
rector and now Secretary of the
Treasury, was nominated by Presi-
dent Truman today to be Chief Jus-
tice of the United States.
In an action-packed news confer-

inhwr Says Draft
L-xtens ion Is Necessary
Favors 18 Months Compulsory Service;
Teen-Age Draft Issue Is Still Undecided
WASHINGTON, June 6-()-With the final form of the draft exten-
tion highly uncertain, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower said tonight that "the
pool of potential volunteers is drying up" and "selective service must sup-
plement enlistments."
"For this purpose 18 months of service is a fair contribution to ask of
any young man," the chief of staff declared. "The security of our own coun-
try and the continuing peace of our world are worth it. It is far less than
we asked of the soldiers who fought to make possible a peaceful world."
Anniversary Commemorated
Eisenhower prepared his remarks for an NBC broadcast commemorating
the second anniverasary of the land- .

To

Defer Debate

AFL Seamen
Threaten Full
Scale Walkout
CIO Maritime Unions
Strike Also Expected
WASHINGTON, June 6-()--AFL
seamen stallied from ships by th
thousands today and threatened t
beat CIO maritime unions to th
punch on a general shipping strikE
Two officials of AFL sailors union
said in New York a full-scale strik
of 62,000 members seemed certain
perhaps "right away," perhaps with
in a week.
30-Day Notice Required
Just how that might be accom
plished under the Smith-Connally
Labor Act and its requirements fo:
a 30-day notice of a strike was no
clear. In the meantime, the AFI
seamen straggled back up the gang
planks after holding a meeting i
the major salt water ports.
The government already is strug
gling, in negotiations with union of.
ficials and ship operators, to hea
off a nation-wide CIO maritime strike
set for June 15. Some labor experts
said privately that the AFL nov
seems bent on seizing some of the
attention the CIO strike threat ha:
commanded.
Members of the AFL Seafarers In
ternational Union and its affiliate
sailors union of the Pacific quit wor
simultaneously today in 30-odd o:
the nation's chief maritime cities.
Strike Vote Authorized
In New York, 5,000 of them me
for three hours and unanimously au.
thorized a strike vote. At a subse
quent news conference a declaration
that a strike of 62,000 members ap.-
peared certain came from John Haw
international vice president of the
Seafarers Union and Jack Dwyer
port agent of the. Sailors Union of the
Pacific.
Dwyer said ship operators, deal.
ing with seven 010 unions in Wash-
ington, had been "too damned busy'
to meet with representatives of AFL
seamen.
Whitsitt Elected
IRA President
Results of Test Cases
Reported at Meeting
Terrell Whitsitt, former presideni
of the Inter-Racial Association was
again elected president of the grou
for the fall semester at their fina:
meeting of the year.
Summing up the activities of th(
test case committee, Elizabeth Moore
chairman, announced that over 3
eating places were investigated tc
determine if the management was
pursuing a discriminatory policy
Three offenders were reported who
after meeting with IRA officers
agreed to change their policy. Mem-
bers voted to continue the investigat-
ing work as IRA's main activity next
year, concentrating on the testing
of barber shops and other commer-
cial establishments in and arounc
Ann Arbor.
Six members were appointed to a
policy committee which will con-
tinue the organization's activities
during the summer term. Vicki Cor-
dice was appointed temporary chair-
man of this group.
Other officers elected at the meet-
ing include Maxine Spencer, vice-
president; Hannah Rose, secretary-
treasurer; Dorothy Wilson, corres-
pondence secretary; Rona Eskin, so-
cial chairman; Miriam Levy, publi-
city; and Toyaski Yamada, educa-
tional chairman.

Britain,

US Seek

Stalin is a Georgian and Georgians
as a race seem to live longer than
any other in the Soviet Union. There
are at least 10 men in the little
Southern Repubic who are reported
to be over 100 and one who claims
to be tending goats at the age of
142.
Who is going to succeed Stalin
is one of those things that the Rus-
sians just don't talk about, be-
cause by talking about it, one has
to accept the premise that Stalin
won't be around forever. It's like
anticipating the death of your
father.
Any beliefs, fears or hopes here or
elsewhere that there is opposition to
Stalin in Russia is nonsense. There
is no political group striving to grab
the power for the Communists have
the power.
There is no such thing as a gen-
erals' group or clique.
The generalissimo some day, of
course, must step down or die as
bad as this would be for the USSR
and as a lot of foreign diplomats
think, bad for the United States
too.
Stalin's present jobs and titles are:
Chairman of the Council of Minis-
ters (which means he's Prime Minis-
ter).
Head of all the Armed Forces.
Secretary General of the Central
Committee of the Communist Party.
Head of the powerful Politburo.
Chairman of the Organizational
Committee of 1he Communist Party.
Deputy of the Supreme Soviet.
Vyacheslav Molotov, Foreign
Minister, appears to rank next to
Stalin for he holds, in addition to
what would be the Secretary of
State's job here, the post of First
Assistant Chairman of the Council
of Ministers. This makes him Vice
Premier.
Molotov is also a party man of
great drive, ability and devotion to
the country and its causes.
There are three relatively young
men who have risen rapidly with the
end of the war:
Marshall L. P. Beria.
General A. A. Zhdanov.
G. M. Malenkov.
They are all younger than Stalin,
Molotov or Nikolai Shvernik, the
New President of the Presidium of
the Supreme Soviet-Russia's Pres-
ident.
Zhdanov, 50-years old, is chairman
of the Supreme Soviet's Council of
the Union-one of Russia's two leg-
islative chambers. (The Council of
Nationalities is the other).
He's a full member of the Polit-
buro and chairman of the Allied Con-
trol Commission for Finland.
AJA Contributions
Pass $4,000 Mark
Contributions to the student di-
vision of the Ann Arbor Allied Jewish
Appeal have passed the $4,000 mark
with the addition of more than $325
net receipts from Hillelzapoppin.
The student drive for funds for
overseas relief will close today. Stu-
dent directors of the drive have re-
quested that persons who have not
submitted the full amounts of their
pledges do so immediately. Funds can
be left at or mailed to the B'nai
B'rith Hillel Foundation, 730 Haven,
City.

Committee Suggests Recommendation
To Assembly of Spanish Isolation
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, June 6-The United Nations Security Council yielded to
a request by the United States and Great Britain today for postponement
of full-dress debate on a proposal for a complete United Nations' diplomatic
break with Generalissimo Franco's Spain by next September.
Both Herschel V. Johnson, sitting for the first time as the United
States' delegate, and Sir Alexander Cadogan of Great Britain, said their
governments had not had time to decide their position on the Spanish
issue. They requested that the discussion be put off.
Council President Alexandre Parodi of France announced adjournment
until next Tuesday.

FRED M. VINSON
. secretary of the treasury has
beenhnominatedtas chief justice
of, the United States.
ence, Mr. Truman also announced
two other nominations to high posts:
1. To be Secretary of the Trea-
sury, John W. Snyder, now direc-
tor of war mobilization and recon-
version;
2. To be Undersecretary of the
Navy, John L. Sullivan, now as-
sistant Secretary of the Navy.
He made his decision on Vinson
only an hour and half earlier, he said,
and his sudden disclosure of all
three nominations at once startled
the capital, which had been specu-
lating over the posts for weeks.
The office of war mobilization
and reconversion, wiich Snyder now
heads, will come to an end, the Pres-
ident said, indicating that no suc-
cessor will be named. In reply to
a question, Mr. Truman added that
most of the reconversion problems
it was set up to handle are over.
union Officers
Named for Fall
Richard G. Roeder, NROTC, and
Henry Horldt, 47E, have been ap-
pointed president and recording sec-
retary, respectively, of the Executive
Council of the Union for the Fall
term.
Roeder, whose home is in Snyder,
N.Y., was reappointed to his execu-
tive position while Horldt, an eni-
geering student from Detroit, suc-
ceeded Harold L. Walters.
Both appointees have been on the
Union Staff since 1943. Roeder has
previously held the position of Union
Social Chairman and Horldt, Co-
chairman of Campus Affairs.
Roeder and Horldt will announce
their committee chairmen staff ap-
pointments at the Semi-annual Staff
Banquet at 12:30 Saturday, June
8, in the Anderson Room of the Un-
ion.

ings in Normandy which he com-
manded as supreme allied comman-
der.
Meanwhile a final congressional
decision on the future of the draft
awaited conferences between the
Senate and House to adjust their
differences over the length and terms
of the extension.
Teen-Age Draft
One of the chief issues is whether
teen-agers should be drafted again
after the present stopgap extension
expires July 1. The measure passed
by the Senate yesterday would per-
mit 18 and 19-year olds to be called,
but the House previously had dis-
approved. A compromise by which
18-year olds would be exempted but
19-year olds would be taken was
discussed.
Eisenhower paid tribute to "The
American fighting man" and said
that "The job he began and carried
through to its combat conclusion
is not yet complete."
"Only firm and just peace through-
out the world can bring an end to
our endeavor," he contiued. "Victory
won in blood and sacrifice de-
mands of us effort and sacrifice
to establish peace."
Action Sought
By ,Legislature
lin'Tenn. Case
EDITOR'S NOTE: Following are the
texts of resolutions adopted by the Stu-
dent Legislature Wednesday.
President Harry S. Truman
Attorney General Tom Clark
The Governor of Tennessee
Hon. J. Edgar Hoover
We. the representative body of the
students of theU niversity of Michi-
gan, request that you take immediate
action in the case of Columbia, Ten-
nessee. We reques that you use your
authority to insure justice for those
Negroes who are now facing trial for
attempted murder, merely because
they sought to protect their rights as
American citizens.
We urgenly ask you to investigate
the murder of two Negro defendants
while in jail in Columbia and to per-
secute those who are guilty of this
violation of all the laws of our legal
system and of human decency.
Furthermore, we implore you not
to allow those who willfully and need-
See RESOLUTIONS, Page 2
Ball Secrets Penetrated
Flash! Daily spy sneaks into
IM Building!
Despite strict secrecy concern-
ing decorations for tonight's Sen-
ior Ball, Insomnia McGonigle,
former female commando, man-
aged to get a glimpse of the sump-
tiously decorated interior. Miss
McGonigle, however, is being
forcibly detained by Patricia Bar-
rett and Don Snider, presidents of
the literary and engineering col-
leges. When asked for a state-
ment, Miss Barrett and Snider
replied, "Only seniors can break
the balloons!"

Deadline Set
For Admission
In Fall Term
Late Registration Ban
Will Be Maintained
Applications for admission to the
University for the Fall Semester will
not be accepted after July 1, except
for three special groups, Dr. Frank
E. Robbins, asistant to the president,
announced yesterday.
Special Groups Exempted
The special groups which will be
exempted from this ruling, which
applies only to the Fall Semester, will
be:
1. Michigan veterans who wish to
enter or return and whose discharge
from the services will not enable
them to apply earlier.
2. Non-resident veterans who were
enrolled before entering military ser-
vice and who are not discharged
in time to apply before the Jut 1
deadline.
3. Graduate students who may be
required as teaching fellows and
assistants.
Out-State Applications
Applications from out-state stu-
dents were acepted only until May 1.
The only out-state applicants who
have been considered for admission
are sons and daughters of alumni
and recipients of University and other
recognized scholarships, Dr. Robbins
said. It is understood that this de-
vice was adopted in order to keep
the University open to some out-state
students while general out-state
registration is banned because of the
flood of applications from Michigan
residents.
The ban on late registration in-
augurated this term will be con-
tinued for the Summer Session and
the Fall Semester. Summer registra-
tion will take place according to the
regular alphabetical system June 26
to 28. General registration will be
open the morning of June 29.
"U' Vets Abide
By Job Rules
Contrary to the national situation,
only a very few University veterans
are violating federal law by holding
full-time jobs while drawing full
subsistence from the government,
Robert S. Waldrop, local Veterans
Administration chief said yesterday.
Veterans who obtain extra pay-
mentsefrom the government by not
stating their true job status are mak-
ing themselves liable to legal action,
Waldrop said. Federal inspectors
check reports of violations and in-
stigate legal action against the of-
fenders.
Under the educational provisions
of Public Act 346 (GI Bill), veterans
enrolled in colege who are not hold-
ing full-time jobs are eligible for
subsistence payments amounting to
$65 a month if single, $90 with de-
pendents.

The question before the Council
was a formal proposal by Dr. Herbert
V. Evatt, Australian delegate and
chairman of the Council sub-com-
mittee which investigated Spain, to
approve the recommendations his
group had reached after a month-
long study.
The sub-committee decided that
the Franco regime is a "potential"
threat to world peace and should be
isolated unless Franco is ousted by
September.
The group suggested that the Se-
curity Council convey to the General
Assembly, which meets here in Sep-
tember, a recommendation that every
member of the United Nations break
off relations with Franco if he still
is in power by that time.
Calling for a "just and fearless de-
cision," Dr. Evatt said:
"So here is a challenge to the
United Nations Organization, a
challenge to the Security Council
in the first instance and ultimate-
ly in the recommendation of the
Committee, to the Assembly. Be-
cause we have thought that in this
particular case it is proper that
the Security Council should not be
the final arbiter in this matter but
as all the United Nations are in-
volved, and as the question of dip-
lomatic relations with Spain is in-
volved, so many countries are in-
volved, the matter should ultimate-
ly go to the General Assembly of
the United Nations.
"Mr. President, I therefore pro-
pose to the Security Council that all
the recommendations in the sub-
committee's report be now adopted by
the Security Council."
'U' Will Honor
450 War Dead
Service Is Planned
For Victory Reunion
Memorial services to honor the Uni-
versity's more than 450 dead wil
be held at 11 a.m. Friday, June 21
in Rackham Lecture Hall, as part of
the Victory Reunion program, it was
announced yesterday by Pof. Kal
Litzenberg, general chairman of the
reunion committee.
The memorial address will be given
by Lieutenant Commander John H.
Shilling, Navy chaplain who served
15 months in the South Pacific.
The memorials committee is head-
ed by Charles H. Peake, instructor
in English and a counselor in the
VTterans Seivice Bu?au.
A pkces :on of the colors to the
spe-akers' pliatform will open the cere-
m:vrny. The T;niversity Glee Club, di-
rncted by David Mattern, will sing
a hymn prior to the 'r.toduction cf
Lieut.-Comm. Shilling by President
Alexander G. Ruthven.
Following the memorial address
and benediction, taps will be sounded
by a bugler and a volley will be fired
by a rifle squad formed outside
the buldrig. Singing of the "Star
Spangled Banner" by the Glee Club
and the removal of the colors will
conclude the memorial services.

Porter Attacks
Senate's OPA
Extension Bill
Calls Measure End to
Effective Price Control
WASHINGTON, June 6- ('P) -
Price Administrator Paul Porter as-
serted tonight that "effective price
and rent control will end" if the Sen-
ate Banking Committee's OPA ex-
tension bill becomes law.
His statement attacking the mea-
sure served to underscore the com-
ment of Senator Taft (Rep., Ohio)
that a major battletmay be expected
when the Senate takes it up next
week, especially over a provision
lifting meat and dairy price controls
at the end of this month.
Though they are on opposite sides
of the issue, Porter in his formal
statement and Taft in talking to re-
porters laid their emphasis on the
same points-the meat and dairy
price ceilings question and the regu-
lations on profit margin allowances.
Taft, who supported in committee
the lifting of the meat and dairy
ceilings, said he 'expected the big
quarrel over that point. He added
that sharp debate is likely on a
committee-approved rule for'bidding
OPA to force cost absorption upon
dealers in "conversion" items such
as automobiles, refrigerators, and ra-
dios.
He said also that he will try to
write in on the floor his own amend-
ment to require that manufacturers
be allowed their 1941 prices plus the
industry's average unit increase in
costs since then. He lst on a tie vote
when he tried to put the provision
into the bill in committee.
Porter in his statement asserted
his belief that if the measure passes
as it now stands, meat will rise 40 to
50 per cent in price and the cost of
butter, milk, cream and cheese will
soar.
India Moslems
Approve Plan
NEW DELHI, June 6-(P)-The
Moslem League's Council accepted
tonight the British Cabinet mission's
plan for an Independent Federated
Union of India, but reiterated that
establishment of a separate Moslem
state (Pakistan) remained the Mos-
lems' "unalterable objective."
The Council for the League, which
claims to be the spokesman for 90,-
000,000 Moslems in India, said its
action was "prompted by its earnest
desire for a peaceful solution, if pos-
sible, of the Indian problem."
Russia, Argentina
Resume Relations
LONDON, June 6-(PP)-Russia and
Argentina have established diplo-
matic relations, the Moscow radio
announced tonight. The announce-
ment said:
"The government of the U.S.S.R.
and the government of the Argentine
Republic, inspired by the high prin-
ciples of collaboration and under-
standing between peoples, declare
that th-y have decided to establish
from today complete diplomatic, con-
sular and t ade relations.
C n~ L3 .T i £" JE Uq d 0i t

_ i

CITIZENS PETITION S E NT LAST OCTOBER:
Investigation of Juvenile Detention Home Sought

By CLAYTON DICKEY and
MILT FREUDENHEIM
Last October, 119 Washtenaw

cared for" was substantiated recent-
ly by two Daily reporters, who found
that unwritten "understandings" gov-

tion Home? Are children kept in
locked rooms days at a time and kept
all day in their night clothes? Are

complete satisfaction with existing
conditions.
Said the committee: "Any disci-

Although Daily reporters saw no
evidence that children are kept all
day in their nightclothes. Probate

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