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May 30, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-05-30

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VOL. LVI, No. 163 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, T'IlU DA , MAY 30, 194-



efeaed; Coal



'U' Gets 700 More
Willow Run Rooms
The University has been granted the use of 700 additional single rooms
in Willow Village, University Vice-President Marvin L. Niehuss announced
The additional units will be available to the University September
1. They were acquired, Niehuss said, to help provide housing for the
4,000 increase in enrollment which is expected in the fall term. Their
acquisition brings to 1,700 the total number of single rooms in the village
which will be occupied by University students:'
Additional units for married veterans are also being sought in the vil-
lage. About 1,000 are presently occupied by veteran students and their fam-

Case Bill Passed;
Mining Resumed

* *a*m
Niehuss Says
Military Branch
Campus Is Out
The University does not plan to es-
tablish any temporary campuses at
military posts in this area, Vice-Pres-
ident Marvin Niehuss said yesterday.
Niehuss made this statement after
The Daily had been informed by the
National Educational Association
that branch campuses are being con-
sidered for Sampson Field, N. Y., In-
diantown Gap, Pa., and a post in
The University of Wisconsin has
abandoned plans for a branch cam-
pus at nearby Truax Field, the NEA
A University spokesman said the
University will accept students until
it reaches the saturation point for its
faculty and facilities. The maxi-
mum enrollment will be about 18,000,
the'spokesman said.
The branch campus proposals aim
to relieve overtaxing of regular class-
room and housing facilities. They
call for part-time work by regular
faculty members on the branch cam-
Brown Berates
Engineer Union
'Individuality Would
Be Lost to Group Rule'
Dicussing the advisability of col-
lective bargaining organizations for
engineers, Prof. George Granger
Brown said yesterday that if the
engineer chooses to act for better
wages and hours through an organ-
ized group he will have to "give up
opportunity for individualized service
and serve as one of the mob."
Delivering the principal address
at the Tung Oil Banquet of Sigma
Rho Tau, Prof. Brown, who is chair-
man of the chemical engineering
department, explained that there is
a group of workers who do assigned
work accurately and well and another
who see opportunities and possibili-
ties in their work which "show up
in the balance sheet."
The average worker can act as part
of a group advantageously, he con-
tinued, but if the outstanding worker
"sets himself with the herd" he is
going to lose and neither give pro-
per service nor get proper reward.
Dr. Brown also discussed the dan-
ger of a specially trained engineer
fitting immediately into his niche in
a business organization and failing
to see or take advantage of oppor-
tunities to get ahead. Someone not
especially trained in the field might
come in with more desire to look
around and find an objective, then
work steadily toward it and beat the
specialist engineer out of a "front
office" position.
New Insiuht
On Sale June 5
The June issue of Insight will go
on sale June 5 and 6.
"Racial Discrimination at Michi-
gan," Robert Pettit's survey of the
position of the Negro student on
campus, will be included in this is-
sue. "Contrary to the opinion popu-
lar among the students," Pettit points
out, "the University of Michigan is
not a paragon of democracy."
In "A Vet's Eye View of Willow
Run," Louis Orlin, a Willow Villager,
gives a picture of life at Willow Vil-
lage and particularly how the vet-

erans feel about campus commuting.
Varied student comments on Greek-

Arrangements for use of the
single rooms were cleared through
the Federal Public Housing Ad-
ministration'district office in Cleve-
land. The newly acquired dormi-
tory for 72 women students is
among the units which will be tak-
en over in the fall. Rental agree-
ments will be made in the same
way as for roons occupied this
term, with occupants contracting
for their quarters with the gov-
ernment housing office in the vil-
The University is also seeking per-
mission to house non-veteran stu-
dents in the village. The request is
apparently designed to eliminate the
distinction in housing veteran and
non-veteran students which was made
necessary by terms of the government
grant to use village housing.
Meanwhile, the local housing
shortage is making it "difficult"
for the University to increase the
size of the faculty. Although Vice-
President Robert Briggs has set
up a clearing house for information
on housing for faculty members,
it has been reported that lack of
adequate facilities for new instruc-
tors has put a damper on their
willingness to come to the Uni-
If faculty increases are not pro-
portionate to increased enrollment
in the fall, each department in the
University is expected to formulate
its own policy on class arrangements.
The alternatives will be larger classes
or more teaching hours for each in-
Dairy Ceiling
Prices Raised
Bowles Authorizes
Milk, Butter Increase
Chester Bowles tonight authorized
retail price ceiling increases of one
cent a quart for milk, about 11 cents
a pound for butter and approximately
6 cents for Cheddar cheese.
The stabilization director an-
nounced that housewives will begin
paying the higer prices early in June,
The dates and the exact price in-
creases will be set in a few days.
Bowles also ordered controls on
use of butterfdt. This, he said, was
a move designed to increase produc-
tion of butter.
Bowles said the price hikes are
being ordered because of "apparent
Congressional determination to slash
food subsidies," and in order to
"maintain the nation's milk produc-
tion in the face of increased feed

EISENHOWER, NIMITZ URGE ARMS TRANSFER-Gen. Dwight 1). Eisenhower (left), Army Chief of Staff,
and Rep. Sol Bloom (right), (Dem.-N.Y.), House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman, listen in Washington,
as Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz (center), Chief of Naval Operations, urges transfer of arms and war
goods to other western hemisphere nations. Eisenhower likewise made same plea before committee. (AP


Byrnes Declares .S. Will Act
To Curb Armament Efforts

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 29 - Secre-
tary of State Byrnes disclosed today'
that the United States will throw its
weight into a movement to curb the
world's armaments in the interests
,of peace.
He told the House Foreign Affairs
Committee this country wants "to
see the world free from both the fears
and economic burdens of unneces-
sarily large armed forces."
Expresses Confidence
"There has not yet been time"
since the war's end to establish a
"system of arms regulation," he said,
Three Teams To
Fight ior Titles
Three Michigan teams will cli-
max their activities this weekend
in battles for Conference titles, all
contests being away from Ann
Coach Ken Doherty's track
squad travels to Champaign, where
they will compete for the Big Ten
Outdoor Championship on Fri-
day and Saturday. The host team,
Illinois, ranks as the heavy favor-
ite, with the Wolverine thinclads
battling for the runner-up spot
against Ohio State and Minne-
Minneapolis wil lbe the scene
of the golf championships whicli
will be held on the same days as
the track meet. Six Maize and
Blue linksmen will tee off, with
Ohio State their main obstacle in
the quest for the crown-
The tennis team will play at
Evanston beginning today and
continuing through Saturday.
Strong Illinois and Chicago
squads, both of whom have de-
feated Michigan this season, will
be the chief threats to the Wol-
verines' bid for Big Ten suprem-

but he expressed confidence this ob-
jective will be reached.
"It is a purpose of our foreign pol-
icy to work for a limitation of arma-
ments in the light of requirements
for the maintenance of internal or-
der and of international peace and
security," he said.
In a prepared text of the Byrnes
testimony, made available to report-
ers later, the words "regulations of
arms" rather than "limitation of
arm" were used.
Supports Military Cooperation Bill
Byrnes did not say specifically
whether he favored reducing present
armed might or just limiting its
buildup in the future.
Ie enunciated his peace offensive
policy while supporting a bill for the
broad program of "military cooper-
ation" between the United States and
other nations of the western hemi-
The measure, proposed May 6 by
President Truman, would authorize
the chief executive to transfer war
goods to other American countries,
to train their military personnel and
irlp them repair equipment.
Standardization of Equipment
Byrnes said such legislation would
not promote increased armament, be-
cause transfers of material would be
limited. He said the main idea was
to standardize all equipment of the
Americas, permitting joint use in any
future war.
"I should like to express very
strongly," he said, "the opinion that
it would not be in the interests of
the United States to enter upon an
extensive program of adding to the
ai inaments of other countries."
PCA To Start
Pennsylvania's Central Airlines
flights from Willow Run Airport are
expected to start about June 15th,
according to an unofficial statement
released late last night.
It is not expected that passenger
service will be initiated before July 1,
however, an airport consultant, as-
sociated with PCA in a technical
advisory capacity, pointed out.
At the present time PCA officials
are hiring employes at Willow Run in
preparation for regular flight sched-
According to the statement the
Willow Run airport, described as one
of the best in existence, will be an
integral part of the PCA system
serving the East and Mfuiddle West.
The spokesman refused to com-
ment on a decision expected later
this week concerning the University's
operations at Willow Run.
New Gargoyle
Editor Named
Ed McKinley, a V-12 student, was
named managing editor of Gargoyle
last night by the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Business manager for next year's

Post-Hostili ties
Course Officers
Are Graduated
Forty-eight Army officers, ranging
in rank from colonel to major, were
graduated from the University's Post
Hostilities Training Course in exer-
cises at Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
The officers, who started their
training here in November, have been
assigned to Latin American countries
as military attaches or as members
of military missions.
President Alexander G. Ruthven
and Prof. Arthur S. Aiton, chairman
of the special faculty committee in
charge of the program, addressed
the graduates.
Gen. Robert W. Strong, Chief of
the War Department's Pan-American
Group, Operations Division, was un-
able to appear because of legislation
affecting Latin American relations
now before the House of Represen-
The Post Hostilities. Course was
the Army's first use of civilian edu-
cational institutions in preparing of-
ficers for military missions.
Similar courses were offered in
European affairs at Columbia Uni-
versity and in Asiatic affairs at Yale
City To Observe
Memorial Day
Stores, Businesses
To Curtail Activities
The first peacetime Memorial Day
since 1941 will be observed by Ann
Arbor this morning by a ceremony
honoring war dead.
Prof. Upton S. Palmer of the
Speech Department will be the speak-
er on a program offering tribute to
the war dead scheduled to start at
10:30 at the N. Fourth Ave. entrance
to the county building. The Rev.
Kenneth MacKinnon will give the
invocation and the Rev, Charles W.
Carpenter will pronounce the bene-
Business and governmental activi-
ties will be curtailed today, with drug
stores and restaurants operating on
Sunday hours.

Anthracite Walkout
Planned Tomorrow
By 'rhe Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 29 - The
great soft coal strike was settled to-
night with substantial concessions
to John 4. Lewis' miners, including
a wage increase of $1.85 a day and
a welfare fund financed by coal roy-
On the 59th day of the walkout
that dealt staggering blows tokthe
American economy, Secretary of the
Interior Krug, Administrator of the
seized mines, announced at the White
House that he had signed a pact with
Work Resumed Immediately
Lewis added that the 400,000 min-
ers had been ordered to return to
work immediately, but that volume
production could not be expected
before Monday.
The agreement calls for an 181/2
cent hourly basic wage increase, and
employer-financed welfare fund
built on a 5-cents-a-ton levy on coal
production and administered jointly
by the union and the government
mines administrator, and a hospital
fund paid for and administered by
the miners.
The pact was signed at the Exe-
cutive Mansion in the presence of
President Truman. The reaction of
the mine operators, who were not
present when the settlement was an-
nounced, was not made public im-
mediately. Presumably the govern-
ment will retain control of the mines
until the operators sign the contract.
Anthracite Miners To Strike
As the brushy-browed UMW leader
moved to send the soft coal strikers
back to the pits, his 76,000 anthra-
cite miners prepared to walk out at
midnight tomorrow.
The AFL-UMW's anthracite ne-
gotiators, in stalled conferences in
New York, notified operators they
would not extend their contract,
which expires tomorrow, and would
call a work stoppage.
Grave as this new threat appear-
ed, it could be only a pale echo of
the bituminous walkout which seri-
ously stalled reconversion, closed some
factories, slowed the railroads,
caused dimouts in many cities and-
along with the rail strike-cost the
nation one-sixth pf this year's ex-
pected coal production.
An increase of 35 cents to 50 cents
a ton in the retail price of coal will
result from the government settle-
ment,, a spokesman for the mine
owners' predicted.
Too Early For Private Operation
The spokesman said, it was "much
too early" to say whether the gov-
vernment's pact with Lewis could
provide a basis for a contract between
the operators and Lewis under which
the mines could be restored to pri-
vate operation.
The operators were galvanized into
action, however, after sitting on the
sidelines for six days following a
federal seizure of their properties.
They scheduled a conference of
management representatives from all
districts tonight and said they "might
later issue a statement."
No Friday Daily
There will be no Daily tomor-
row due to the Memorial Day holi-
day. Publication will be resumed

Presidential Veto
Thought Possible
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 29 - Presi-
dent Truman's strike-draft plan was
rejected by the Senate late today, a
short time after Congress defiantly
sent him a sweeping anti-strike and
union control measure which some
leaders said he might veto.
The drastic provision authorizing
induction of anyone who persists in
striking in an industry seized by the
government was knocked out of the
President's emergency labor bill, 70
to 13. A powerful coalition of Repub-
licans and Democrats argued that
it would violate American traditions
of freedom and convert the Army in-
to a "penal institution."
Voted After Coal Settlement
The vote came shortly after the
government announced a settlement
of the coal strike, which with the
railroad tieup that ended last Sat-
urday, had aroused clamorous de-
mands for legislation action.
In mid-afternoon, the House ac-
cepted Senate amendments to the
vase labor bill and sped it to the
White House by a vote of 230 to
106. This is designed to be perma-
nent legislation and the President
las asked that Congress undertake a
study before taking long-range steps.
Truman Urges Study
The vote on the case bill found
133 Republicans and 97 Democrats
lining up for it, while 91 Democrats
and two minor party members were
against it.
The fact that President Truman
called last Saturday for a study by
a joint Congressional committee be-
fore permanent labor legislation is
passed led to predictions of a veto,
but some lawmakers expressed the
view that Mr. Truman might sign
the bill.
Report Awaits
Deans'. Action
New Foreign Student
Plans Are Submitted
No action was taken by the Deans'
Conference yesterday on the recom-
mendations submitted by the Uni-
versity delegates who attended the
conference of university advisors to
foreign students in Chicago the end
of April.
The report, as submitted to Presi-
dent Alexander G. Ruthven, is a re-
view of problems and policies related
to international education at insti-
tutions in the United States and con-
tains recommendations of the dele-
gates regarding admission of foreign
students to the University.
It must be acted upon by the
Deans' Conference before the recom-
mendations become .effective.
A University official pointed out
the difficulty of retaining the en-
rollment of foreign students and of
fulfilling the University's obligation
to state students, particularly veter-
The committee recommended no
increase in the number of foreign
students in the University, accord-
ing to Dr. Esson M. Gale, counselor
to foreign students and member of
the committee of delegates.
The University has one of the
largest foreign student enrollments
in the country, numbering almost 500
Witha total enrollment of more
than 17,000 students anticipated for
the fall term, admissions have al-
ready beenlimited to Michigan resi-
dents, with first preference going to
Among the possibilities discussed
at the Conference, which was at-
tended by representatives of 150 col-
leges and universities, was that of ad-

mitting only foreign students who
have attended certain universities
abroad which are on an accredited
Prof. Lewin
Speaks Today
Prof. Kurt Lewin, director of the
Research Center for rnn vnamirs

Trial Court Principle Should
Be Used by UN -- Groefsema

United Nations leaders should look
to the trial court as an example of
the peacemaking method, Elmer
Groefsema, negligence trial lawyer
and vice-president of the Detroit
chapter of the National Lawyers
Guild, told law students yesterday.
"The trial court is the only insti-
tution where impartiality is of the
first concern," he said, "whereas the
Security Council, being essentially a
political society in which the five
participating nations have retained
their legal rights, cannot be impar-
tial since each nation represents its
own interests."
Stressing the point that the com-
mon denominator of a court between
nations must be the rule of impar-
tiality, Groefsema evpressed the hope
that the United States and the other
countries of the world would become

in that bribery of witnesses, corrup-
tion of the jury and judges and gen-
eral mishandling of the law were
common practice. roday, the law-
yers make every effort to avoid emo-
tional situations, depending upon the
facts themselves to lead the jury to
a decision.
Dealing with the difficult matter
of cross-examination of the witnesses,
Groefsema said that knowledge of
psychology and a feeling for situa-
tions is necessary for success. "It
is particularly inadvisable to try to
lead a woman into an admission of
falsifying by this method," he said,
"as women will soon detect when they
are being led off the road."
Groefsema, in telling of his 25
years' experience as a negligence trial
lawyer, emphasized the need for tact,
understatement of a case so that
the jury may decide for themselves.

Marines Get Honor Company
Award in Final Appearance

Marines marched on campus for
the last time yesterday to receive the
honor flag as winners of the semester-
long NROTC Batallion Competition.
In a colorful ceremony on Ferry
Field, climaxing a parade from the
West Quadrangle, the presentation of
the yellow and blue flag bearing
the words "Honor Company" was
made by the color girl, Dorothy Wat-
son, who then bestowed a congratu-
latory kiss on Dennis Youngblood,
Marine Company Commander, in re-
cognition of his leadership.
Three cheers for the winning

the Battalion Competition has been
conducted each term. High rank in
inspections, extra-curricular activi-
ties, athletics, scholarship and in-
fantry drill determine the winning
company. The probable reason that
the Marines took first place in in-
spections and infantry drill, Lieut.-
Comdr. Harry L. Fitch explained, was
that all but one have had active
duty in the Marine Corps, and 60 per
cent have been overseas in combat.
This training, he said, gave them
a great advantage over the Naval
onmnnies Thev aln have an in-

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