See Page 4
VOL. LVI, No. 148 ANN ARBOR. MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 24, 1946
PRICE FIVE VENTS
Threatened Food Shortage,
The University Famine Committee
collected $1,914.60 in its Famine Re-
lief Drive tag-day yesterday.
A goal of $5,000 had been set for
the collection by the committee.
"This relatively small contribution
from the student body to help feed
the starving third of the world's
population is a shameful condem-
nation and moral crime for which
we must atone," Mary Elizabeth
Friedkin, chairman of the drive,
said last night.
The total collection averaged about
13 cents for each student on cam-
pus. "Since a large portion of the
fund was in large denomination bills,"
Miss Friedkin said "it seems that
many students did not contribute
or gave pitifully small sums. We must
erase this black mark on the Uni-
versity's reputation by responding
more generously to the house col-
lections by which the drive will be
continued until the end of the term."
Directions for continuing the
drive on a house basis have been
mailed to the president of every
student residence on campus. They
have been asked to turn in the re-
ceipts from each week's collection
at a special desk which will be set
up every Monday morning, starting
next week, in the lobby of the Lea-
gue. In order to facilitate banking
and accounting recordsIt-has been
asked that the funds be in sealed
envelopes on which the name of the
contributing house is written.
Meanwhile, the funds collected yes-
terday have been turned over to the
Ann Arbor Emergency Famine Relief.
which will forward them to UNRRA,
which has called on the entire nation
for help to increase food shipments to
overseas famine areas.
The committee has suggested
that when house collections are
organized each resident be asked
to pledge a weekly contribution to
the fund. Women living at the
Martha Cook Building have already
pledged 25 cents each week to the
Rowland Westervelt, treasurer of
the committee, has asked that checks
representing savings .from food pur-
chases in house which have adopted
the Famine Committee's Conserva-
tion program be made payable to
"University of Michigan Famine
Committee" and sent to "Treasurer,
University of Michigan Famine Com-
mittee, Rm. 2, University Hall c/o
Dean W. B. Rea."
At A VC Rally
Saari, Vander Velde
Kelly State Platforms
Speaking at a "Know Your Gov-
ernment Rally" sponsored by the Ann
Arbor and University chapters of
the American Veterans Committee
last night, Henry Vander Velde, Re-
publican Congressional Candidate,
pointed out the need for full utiliza-
tion of excess war plants.
He proposed that old war plants be
converted into rent-free facilities for
William R. Kelly, Democrat, backed
veterans in their demands for en-
listed men's furlough pay. Army
officers receive a terminal leave al-
lotment, paying them for furloughs
they forfeited, Kelly said, and en-
listed men deserve the same, he com'-
Wayne Saari, Democrat, emphasiz-
ed the need fer the United States'
adjustment to the atomic age. Point-
ing out that new ideas in the social
sciences seemed less attractive to the
public than new ideas in the physical
New Name To
Votes To Send Delegate
To Prague Conference
The student governing body, for-
merly known as the Student Con-
gress, yesterday changed its name
to the Student Legislature.
The name was changed because it
was felt that the name Congress
might become confused with Men's
Congress, independent men's organi-
The Legislature voted to send a
delegate from the University to the
World Student Congress in Prague
August 13 to 20. A seven-member
committee from the Legislature, plus
repiesentatives of seven other campus
organizations wil select the delegate
and raise the necessary funds. The
Legislature already has $100 con-
tributed by the SOIC. Louis Orlin will
chairman the committee. Other mem-
bers from the Legislature are Ray
Davis, Bob Taylor, Judy Chayes, Wink
Jaffee, Steve Scourles and Henry
A record of the Legislature's acti-
vities prepared by a committee under
the direction of Flo Kingsbury, will
be available to the student body dur-
ing the week of June 10. The next
meeting of the Legislature will be
Monday May \27.
Persistence, thy name is woman.
When she wantsa ticket for Pan-
hel-Assembly Ball tonight, she'll wait
for five hours or more to get it-per-
haps not too willingly-but she'll wait.
One student arrived at the door of
the Social Director's office in the
League at 6:30 a.m. yesterday. She
was the first in line, and at 9 a.m.
there were 33 other behind her, wait-
ing for Miss Ethel McCormick, League
Social Director, to open ticket sales
at 11 a.m.
Another girl was sharing a break-
fast of a sweet rol and black coffee
with a friend, while the rest were
knitting, playing cards, reading Dail-
ies--or else sitting on them--and dis-
cussng their chances of getting a
Perhaps the most appreciated per-
son on the League staff was the grey-
haired elevator man, who graciously
offered New Yorkers* and Saturday
Reviews of Literature--back numbers,
of course--to the waiting coeds.
Due to the tremendous demand for
tickets to this first post-war tra-
ditional girl-bid ball, 150 extra tic-
kets were printed and went on sale'
Wednesday in the League.
Over 200 women with ident cards
in hand jammed the lobby in lines
five and six dep until traffic was al-
most at a standstill during that first
,ale. They waited from early morn-
ing until 1 p.m. when over half of the
rema ininig tickets were sold.
But the number was hardly suffi-
cient to satisfy those who were at
the end of the line or those who ar-
To alleviate the situation-and al-
low all women who already have dates
to attend tonight-an 'overflow'
dance at the League has been arrang-
ed by Assistant Dean Walter B. Rae,
Miss McCormick and Collee Ide and
Margaret Thompson, central com-
Goldman Is Made Daily Managing
Editor; Potter Is Business Manager
* * *
* * *
Top Honors Awarded
To Sigma Phi Epsilon
More than -3,000 students gathered
in front of the main Library last
night to hear Sigma Phi Epsilon take
top honors in the first Inter-Fratern-
ity Sing since 1943.
Beta Theta Pi won second prize
while Chi Psi was awarded honorable
The Sigma Phi's cheered on to suc-
cess by the Tri Delts sang "Kentucky
Babe"; the Beta's sponsored by the
Alpha Chi Omega, rendered their ver-
sion of "The Loving Cup"; and the
Chi Psi's presented "In Chi Psi Days".
They were backed by Collegiate So-
The largest audience response was
drawn by Sigma Alpha Mu with their
rendition of a variety score entitled
"'Coney Island Girl". They were spon-
sored by the Alpha Xi Delta.
Color was added to the song fest
by the cheers and songs of the spon-
soring sororities, and the singing of
Michigan songs by the entire audi-
Professors Marguerite Hood and
Earl V. Moore, and a representative
of a local jewelry firm acted as judges.
Trophy cups were presented as
awards. The sing was under the
direction of Robert Tisch.
At Detroit Meeting
Eight University faculty members
are attending the 46th General Ses-
sion of the Society of American Bac-
tei'ologists in Detroit which ends
They include Professors Thomas
Francis, Jr., chairman of the De-
partment of Epidermology; Malcolm
H. Soule, chairman of the Depart-
ment of Bacteriology; Gordon C,
Brown and Walter J. Nungester; Dr.
Ruben L. Kahn, Serologic Consulta-
tion at the University Hospital; Dr.
Jonas E. Salk; and Misses Ada M'.
Ames and Ruth Lofgren.
Robert Goldman was appointed
managing editor and Robert Potter,
Jr., business manager for the fall
Daily at a meeting last night of the
Board in Control of Student Publi-
Other appointments to the senior
editorial staff Were Milton Freuden-
heim, editorial director; Clayton Dic-
key, city editor; Mary Brush, Ann
Kutz, and Paul Harsha, associate
Joan deCarvajal was appointed re-
search assistant on the editorial staff.
Clark Baker was reappointed
sports editor. Joan Wilk was ap-
pointed women's editor and Lynne
Ford, associate women's editor.
Janet Cork and Evelyn Mills were
appointed associate business man-
New Night Editors
Junior night editors reappointed
by the Board were Francis Paine and
Malcolm Roemer. New junior night
editors are Stuart Finlayson, Mary
Ruth Levy, Eunice Mintz and Clyde
Recht.LNatalie Bagrow, John Camp-
bell, Shirlew Frank, Gay Larsen and
Elinor Moxness were appointed as-
sistant night editors.
Forthe summer Daily, Paul Har-
sha and Milton Freudenheim were
appointed editors and Janet Cork
Was City Editor
Goldman, the new managing edi-
tor, was city editor this year. Potter,
(See pictures of other staff mem-
bers on page 2.)
business manager, is a member of
the Navy V-12'program.
Clayton Dickey and Paul Harsha,
two other appointees to the senior
staff, are both veterans. Clyde Recht
and Stuart Finlayson, new night edi-
tors, are also veterans.
Retiring members of the senior
editorial staff are Margaret Farmer,
managing editor; Hale Champion,
editorial director; Patricia Cameron
and Emily Knapp, associate editors.
Ann Schutz is the retiring women's
editor, and Dona Guimares the retir-
ing associate women's editor.
Dorothy Flint will retire from the
business manager post; Joy Altman is
the retiring associate business man-
Soci ologrist Will
T alk o Atom
"Social Implications of Atomic
Energy" will be discused by Prof.
William F. Ogburn of the University
of Chicago sociology department at
8 p.m. today in Rackham Amphi-
Pro . Ogubrn, generally recognized
as one of the leading sociologists in
the country, is speaking under the
auspices of the Department of So-
ciology a'd Alpha Kappa Delta, na-
iona onorary sociological society.
lie is knov ni for the studies he has
made on the effect of inventions on
so-jial life and has writtei extensively
on the subject.
Former I resident of the American
Sociological Society and of the Amer-
ican Sociological Society and of the
American Statistical Association,
Prof. Ogburn recently received a
Doctor of I aws degree at the ter-
ceniary anniversary of the Univer-
sity of Noitl Carolina.
I mmintent for
LANSING, May 23 -UP)-- Gover-
nor Harry F. Kelly said tonight that
"a grave situation in regard to meats
and perishables, whic h includes
ruits and vegetables, will exist at
the end of 36 hours if the rail strike
The chief executive issued a formal
statement shortly before 10:45 p.m.
"I held a conference tonight with
the wholesale and retail food distrib-
utors of this state and after such
conference, I request the press and
radio to carry to our people the fact
that there is sufficient staple goods,
including canned goods, flour, cereal,
bread, tea, coffee, etc., within ou
state to meet the normal demands
of our people for at least two weeks
in the future.
"A grave situation in regard to per-
ishables which includes meat and
vegetables will exist at the end of 36
hours if the strike continues.
"I call upon the consuming public
to purchase only to meet their actual
needs and to do everything within
their power starting tomorrow to
check buying and hoarding.
"I am requesting all food whole-
salers and retailers of the state of
Michigan to cooperate in maintain-
ing the supply for the next two weeks
by preventing the raiding of supplies
by those who would purchase beyond
their immediate needs
"I am requesting the cooperation of
everyone to achieve this objective by
voluntary means. I have arranged for
'eports to be made to me tomorrow
and it is my hope that the reports
will show that the peole of Michi-
gan through their voluntary cooper -
ation have met the problem through
If the report is otherwise, I shall
not hesitate to use all the powers
vested in me as chief executive and
to utilize all the facilities of the state
for the protection of the health and
safety of the people of Michigan."
Student To Do
Alfred M. Cook, a veteran at the
University, has received permission
to earn credit as a psychology major
through a year's practical work and
study in the Washtenaw County
Sheriff's Office, it was learned ,yes-I
With the approval of the Univer-
sity, the Veterans Administration,
and Sheriff John Osborn, Cook will
study criminal identification, police
photography, records, and individual
criminal histories at the county Jail.
He will work a five day week under
the supervision of Vincent Fox, sup-
erintendant of the county Identifi-
cation Bureau, and will be present
at criminal interviews.
Cook will receive credit in the
psychology department for his work
at the Sheriff's Office.
CLAYTON L. DICKEY
.. .City Editor
(go tiations Fail as
227,335 Miles of Vital
rl-ackage Shut Down
By The Assciated Press
WASHINGTON, May 23--A nationwide railroad strike - greatest tie-
up of its kind in world history --- brought an "almost 100 per cent shut-
down" tonight of service on the country's 227,335 miles of vital trackage.
Hours of negotiations at the White House failed to bring a settlement.
More will be held tomorrow. President Truman, disappointed at the re-
jection of his official proposals, retired without any statement.
A mail embargo was imminent, following a freight embargo already im-
posed. Cities faced food shortages b
* * * '
To Traus port
Baggage, Parcel Post
Will Not Be Shipped
By EUNICE MINTZ
Sonie system of motor truck trans-
portation will be provided for carry-
ing mail, "at least first class mail,"
to replace railway mail deliveries, an
Ann Airbor postal official disclosed
Each post office in the country will
receive instructions to handle motor
transportation of mail, the official
said, Michigan post offices already
have started a truck system, he added.
Students trying to mail out laun-
dry cases yester'day, however, were
unable to do so as a result of the
tie-up caused by the raili'oad strike.
A spokesman at the city train depot
said no word had been received as
yet concerning the possibility of the
iailroads continuing to carry mail
during the strike. No mail has come
through since the strike, he said,
The spokesman also said that if
the -trikte is not oveir when school
lets out, no special transportation will
be provided for students trying to
As of ,yesterday, the spokesman re-
vealed, no baggage has been accepted
for shipment,. "It happened so quick,"
he said. "We're still wating foi'
WASHINGTON, May 23-(/P) -The
Senate rejected tonight a proposal by
Senator Green (D-R,I.) to legalize
industrial health and welfare funds
operated under rules laid down by
the Federal Security Administratoir.
Impatient to get at test vote onl
pending proposals to curb unions,
the Senate brushed Green's plan
aside by a 45 to 32 vote after 12 hours
During this time, Senator Pepper
(D,-Fla), co-author with Green of
the proposal, spoke 4 hours and 43
Charges of "flllibuster," made a-
gainst opponents of immediate action
on labor disputes legislation and
quickly denied by them, led 27 sena-
tors to file a petition to limit further
debate. However, this petition, set
for a vote at 1 p.m. EST, Saturday,
seemed unlikely to receive the neces-
sary two-thirds approval.
Green's health and welfare fund
proposal was offered as a substitute
to an amendment by Senator Byrd
(D.-Va.) to a "mild" labor disputes
bill proposed by the Senate Labor
Committee. Byrd seeks to prohibit
wmployer contributions to welfare
funds not equally administered by
management and labor.
It is aimed at John L. Lewis' de-
mand for a welfar'e fund to be fin-
anced by coal mine operators but
controlled solely by the United Mine
Kill Other Proposal
Action on the Green substitute was
followed swiftly by a 43 to 34 vote
killing another Green pioposal. It
would have diirected the Secretary!
efore long. Faltering coal production
,neared a full stop. Industrial shut-
downs were threatened.
At 9:35 p.m., EST., Warren C.
Kendall, head of the car service divi-
sion of the Association of American
Railroads said the strike "up to now
appears to be pretty close to a 100
per cent tieup." This was about five
and one-half hours after the strike
broke upon the east and two and
one-half hours after it spread to the
Reject Truman Proposal
Leaders of the Engineers' and
Trainmen's Brotherhoods rejected a
settlement proposed by President Tru-
man and their men quit their jobs,
leaving only makeshift crews for
faltering and uncertain operation of
the vital rail networks.
Government officials tried all af-
ternoon and into the evening to work
out a settlement before the strike
should be felt in food shortages, mail
disruptions, power brownouts and in-
Discussions Break Up
But shortly after 8 p.m. (EST), the
discussions broke up for the night, to
be resumed tomorrow. J. J. Pelley,
DETROIT, May 23-(A)--Post.
master Roscoe B. Huston announ-
ced tonight that an order, sus-
pending acceptance of second,
third and fourth class mail that
must be moved by rail, had been
put into effect here at 4 p.m. (EST)
on orders from Washington.
president of the Association of Ameri-
can Railroads, reported no progress.
"We have made very little pro-
gress," he said at first - and then
he added, "we have made none."
The day of fruitless White House
discussions - in which President
Truman himself never took part -
followed this sequence.
A. F. Whitney of the trainmen and
Alvanley Johnston of the engineers
called before noon to present their
answer as they had promised. It
was that "your offer is unacceptable."
Call In Others'
Then the representatives of the
carriers and the 18 other brother-
hoods, all of whom had accepted the
proposal, were called in. Dr. John
R. Steelman and Reconversion Direc-
tor John W. Snyder went over the
ground with them again.
The brotherhoods in the cabinet
room, the carriers in another con-
ference room, listened to what the
See RAILS, Page 2
On Strike Told
Krug Gives Lewis U.S.
Position on Demands
WASHINGTON, May 23-MPN-Se-
cretary of the Interior J. A. Krug
today presented to John L. Lewis
the government's position on the
principal points at issue in the United
Mine Workers' contract demands.
Krug, who is running the nation's
soft coal mines under federal seizure,
would not disclose the details of what
he told the union leader.
A hint, however, that he may have
come close to an actual counter-
proposition came from a spokesman
for Krug who said the secretary
"feels that as long as they are in the
negotiation stage" he should not dis-
cus those details publicly.
The Krug spokesman said the late
afternoon conference in Krug's of-
fice lasting more than three hours
had been used up "talking over with
Lewis and O'Leary (John J. O'Leary)
his position on the principal points
and defining them."
TO AID VETERANS:
Navy Doctor Visits Speech Clinic Here
Visiting the Speech Clinic recently
to discuss Army and Navy rehabilita-
tion for deafened veterans, D. E. Mor -
ley, former lieutenant and clinician
at the U.S. Naval Hospital in Phila-
delphia, said nearly five thousand
sailors, marines, and coastguardsmen
had been treated for hearing loss
Describing the navy program as
one of the most comprehensive for
the veteran specialized attention.
Medical and otological examinations
are given the veteran, and a medical
history and description of the in-
jury is compiled.
Hearing Loss Determined
In accoustic laboratories, audio-
metric and speech receptions tests
are given to determine the extent of
hearing loss, and the character of
residual hearing. This is accomplish-
ed as the veteran listens to volume-
Lip-reading and visual cue classes
plus classes in the use of the hearing
aid are attended by the veteran
until he is called before a survey
board to have his record checked, and
hearing tested. After passing these
tests the veteran is given a medical
discharge, Morley continued.
Veterans Learn To Lip Read
Blast concussion is the most fre-
quent cause of deafness, Morley said.
Gun fire and explosions cause great