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May 21, 1946 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-05-21

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51i Mid tga Bad1
Fifty-Sixth Year

* Close The Windows, They're...

22 Z*h CC7/io
Kuomitang Critic
To the Editor:


Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . Managing Editor

Hale Champion
Robert Goldman
Emily E. Knapp
Pat Cameron
Clark Baker
Des Howarth..
Ann Schutzr,
Dona Guimaraes

Editorial Director

.. . Associate
. . . . . . . . Associate
. . . . . . . . Sports
. . . . . Associate Sports
. . . .Women's
. . . . Associate Women's
Business Staff


First Causes
WE ARE occasionally impressed by a bit of
benevolence so overwhelming that it takes
our breath away. Such a philanthropic gesture
was that of the Anti-Saloon League which sug-
gested that production of all grain alcohols cease
immediately. Coming from the Association of
Michigan Avenue Barkeepers or the Newspaper
Guild, the suggestion might be well valid. Com-
ing from the Anti-Saloon League it sourids like
George Bernard Shaw giving up meat for Lent.
In connection with the same topic we see an
ominous opening for the Prohibitionists again.
And don't think they haven't seen it. On the
same day that the Associated Press noted return
to publication of the "Clipsheet," published by
the Methodist Board of Temperance, we re-
ceived two copies in this sober office. They
seemed principally concerned with the fact that
the world was on its way to the hounds-which
of course is true. But drink and the devil seem
to have had remarkably little to do with our ten-
dencies to self-annihilation, and we're great be-
lievers in first causes. As a remedy prohibition
is about 97th on an uninclusive list.
Reminder of Dear Departed
IMAGINE THE JOLT received by a couple of
friends of ours when they discovered Herr
Joseph Goebbels playing the dashing, swash-
buckling Count of Monte Cristo in a recent Class
C German epic (nameless, of course.).
It was certainly nice to see the boy in civvies.
* * * *
Look Up, Look Down
11OLLYWOOD has been going to church reg-
ularly these last few years-and the box of-
fice hasn't suffered. Both Protestants and Cath-
olics have had their da= in the cinema, and ap-
parently the trend isn't over. But we're a little
worried about the latest step in that direction, an


(Items appearing in this column are written
members of the Daily editorial staff and edited
the Editorial Director.)

Dorothy Flint . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . Associate Business Manager
Evelyn Mills . . . . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
lember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

announcement by evangelist Bron Clifford, a 27-
year-old Philadelphian who has decided to take
his message to the people through the movies,
that Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer has signed him to
the conventional seven year contract.
Now' it's all very well for veteran knockabouts
like Bing Crosby and Frederic March to por-
tray men of the cloth, but we ponder sadly Clif-
ford's potential fate as he stands unprotected
on the corner of Hollywood and Vine.

Revise Thinking on Poland

ON HIS RECENT VISIT to this campus, Gene-
ral Komorowski, commander-in-chief of the
Polish Army in exile, who led the ill-fated War-
saw uprising, expressed the hope that the day
will still come when his army can return to
Poland. "But," he said, "only 10 per cent of the
200,000 soldiers in exile are willing to return to
a homeland occupied by Russia."
The Polish troops, of which these 200,000 are
all that remain, had an excellent record in the
fight against the totalitarian dictatorships. After
the five weeks of struggle which culminated in
the defeat of Poland, a great many Poles escaped
to France, where they formed two divisions which
fought on the French front up to the last mo-
ment. A Polish mountain brigade took part in
the battle of Norway and distinguished itself at
Narvik. According to the official report of the
RAF, 10 per cent of the German planes shot
down in the Battle of Britain have been attrib-
uted to the Polish fighting squadrons. The list
is endless.
Is it any wonder that these soldiers, who have
helped to conclude a long and bitter battle
against the organized dictatorship in Germany,
do not want to return to a country where they
would have to submit to another form of dic-
tatorship? These men have families in Poland;
they love their homeland dearly. The great poet
Mickiewicz said that the Pole "is famed in all
the nations of the earth, for loving more than
life itself the country of his birth." But they
have tasted freedom and will not return to a
place where the people are cowed by a small
minority impressed from outside, which they
feel is "not liberation but a new form of for-
eign domination."
Poland today is ruled by the Provisional Pol-
ish Government of National Unity, Communist-
sponsored and Communist-manned, which ac-
cording to General Bor would be repudiated by
90 per cent of the people in any free election. It
is a coalition of Polish Communists, Polish So-
cialists and the government-sponsored "Peasant
Party." The three chief officials of this govern-
ment are Boleslaw Bierut, President of the Na-
tional Council, a citizen of Soviet Russia; Wlady-
slaw Gomolka, Vice-Premier of Poland but a
citizen of France; and Stanislaw Radkiewicz,
a man who hardly knows Polish and is a high
official of the Soviet political police.
in Poland by Stanislaw Mikolajszyk's Polish
Peasant Party, not to be confused with the
government sponsored "Peasant Party." But
the treatment received by those in opposition
to the present government has been far from
gentle. Gladwin ill of the New York Times,
who visited Poland last autumn, reported the
existence of a "subtle reign of terror" with pos-
sibly 100,000 political prisoners in jail and con-
centration camps (including the former Ger-
man concentration camp at Oswiecim, whose
name to any Pole is synonymous with horror),
whose only offense was opposition to "the cur-
ent Communist-dominated regime."
A memorandum from a reliable source states
that "practically every day Poles disappear from
the streets in a mysterious manner, without a
trace. It is a matter of public knowledge that
mass arrests and deportations to Siberia con-
tinue. Leaders of the Home Army and those who
offered the most stubborn opposition to the Ger-
man occupation are punished."
This treatment of the opposition is not the
only reason the Poles dislike and fear the Rus-
sians. Russian troops which stand back of the

the Poles object to is the censorship of the press.
Mikolajczyk's newspaper "Gazeta Ludowa" was
allowed to print only watered-down versions
of a Polish Peasant Party attack on Communist
control, while the Communist organ "Glos Ludu"
can fill its columns with reckless charges against
Mikolajczyk's demands for a free election
on July 28 have been ignored by the govern-
ment, which is suggesting an election "some-
time in the fall in the hope that the power of
his party would wane by then. But most anal-
ysts agree that his party would win hands down
in any really free election. The Communist re-
gime would be defeated because the govern-
ment represents only a very small minority,
because the majority of Poles are conserva-
tive farmers, and because the Provisional Gov-
ernment is beginning to find itself unable to
cope with the economic situation.
Many Americans, admitting the truth about
Poland, say that nothing can be done about it;
we needed Russia to help win the war, they say,
and must pay the price, even if it is the abandon-
ing of the principles of the Atlantic Charter.
But this reasoning can not possibly be followed
if we want to avoid World War Three. The United
States and Britain must adopt a firm and just
At the same time, we must attempt to meet
Russia's legitimate needs. The United States
has never made a real effort to understand
Russia's security problem. Russia -could seek
security from future attack by the time-honored
method of spheres of influence, as she seems to
be doing, or she could follow the method of col-
lective security. The attempt to guarantee a
genuine security for all European nations, by
means of collective action, is the only thing which
can avert catastrophe.
In "The Betrayal of Poland," an excellent
and scholarly analysis of the Russo-Polish
situation by Raymond Leslie Buell, some con-
crete suggestions for giving both Russia and
Poland the kind of security they need, are giv-
en. Buell points out that while it is vital that
America press for an end to the present regime
in Poland, we should realize that no policy
limited to Poland is likely to succeed.
He suggests that we conclude with Russia a
tripartite pact under Article 52 of the United
Nations charter, in which the U.S. and Britain
would agree to come to Russia's aid in case of at-
tack, providing the dispute was first referred to
some form of arbitration. We should agree to
participate in United Nations forces perman-
ently stationed between Russia and Germany.
Lastly, Buell suggests, we should urge the Big
Three and France to sponsor a European confer-
ence under which representatives from every
European state meet and attempt to agree upon
steps toward some kind of federalized Europe.
It is doubtful whether the last suggestion
would succeed in Europe's condition today. But
Buell's suggestions show the sort of thing that
must be done if we are to have peace in Europe.
It is only by advancing the general security of
Europe as a whole that the prosperity and se-
curityof the individual nations, including Po-
land, can be assured.
-Frances Paine

Independent Voter
In A Bad Spot
WE HAVE always been conscious of the inde-
pendent voter in America, the man who
thinks for himself; but the trouble today is that
the man who thinks for himself doesn't quite
know what to think. It has been a kind of
dust-colored year, since the death of Mr. Roose-
velt; political outlines are blurred, edges are
indistinct, outstanding questions are fuzzy and
furry, and life is harder for the independent
than it was in the days when he had merely to'
be against Hitler and for F.D.R. to feel sure
that, generally speaking, he was on the side of
progress. What has been happening to indepen-
dents, in this petty winter and spring which
have followed the great struggle?
Some of them (and some of the best) have gone
over to world government; and, among the move-
ments of our time, this is where the passion lies'.
There is less cynicism, less mendacity, among
the world governmenters than among most
groups; there is something pure, if something
primitive, about them.
To be sure, one sometimes has the feeling
that the movement is all passion, and nothing
else; that it is almost like a revival of early
New England theology, which offers the listen-
er a choice of either having faith in world
government, or of burning in the fires of a
secular atomic hell. The movement is preachy,
and seems to lack hooks with which to grapple
for the minds of most men. It is so estimable,
and so decent, that one would like for it to
catch on; but, as of today, one can only
watch and wonder.
THE INDEPENDENT, who has embraced U.N.
because he has truly wanted one world, finds
that it has split, like an amoeba, into two worlds,
and that he is only embracing one of them. It
adds to his discomfort to find that many men
who have never wanted one world are now stand-
ing beside him, enthusiastically "supporting the
decisions of the U.N." because those decisions are
becoming, by and large, decisions by one world
against another.
The independent looks for answers, and he re-
members the happy time when F.D.R. had them;
but today he feels himself being swept along,
sucked up by forces greater than he is, and he
looks backward to where, in the diminishing
distance, a pin-point of light remains of the glow
that was once scheduled to spread over the earth.
-By Samuel Grafton
(Copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Current Movies
a. . at the Michigan
Gene Tierney in "Dragonwyck," with Vin-
cent Price and Walter Huston.
"DRAGONWYCK" is the latest entry in the
field of costume romance. At times it sug-
gests a parody of "Jane Eyre," and if such it is
certainly very excellent and droll parody. It fairly
crawls with innocent young governesses, gloomy
mansions, secret tower rooms, frightening thun-
der storms at moments of crisis and ghostly
harpsichord music.
If the film is taking itself seriously however,
and this is just possible, it can still be regarded
without too much pain as an innocent, engag-
ing gambol through familiar, but not arid,
fields. Gene Tierney and Vincent Price are
invaluable to the venture. They have the happy
faculty of playing the game with a child-like,
guileless enthusiasm that gives the odd, but
nonethless gratifying, impression that they
believe the whole thing. Price has one of the
genuinely great leers of our generation and
Miss Tierney has the wan beauty essential to
the Young Governess in The House of Horror.
* * * *
. .. .at the Slate
John Wayne in "Dakota," with Walter Bren-
nan; a Republic production.
WELL, here we go again; another Western.
This one is about some shady dealings
among the wheat farmers. Judging from pre-

vious experiences with things Western, I should
judge justice triumphs and the bad guys get
what's comin' to them. I wouldn't know, though.
I brazened most of it out, but when the dance
hall queen began singing a little thing called
"Coax Me," my companion and I folded our
Hershey wrappers and silently stole away.
-Barric Waters

N REGARD to the article on Dr.
Wang in The Daily of May 16 I
would like to make the following
Dr. Wang says that 90 to 99% of
the Chinese don't want Commun-
ism. (When did he take a census?)
This statement of a high official of
the Kuomintang does not explain
that the Communist Party now active
in Northern China is not "Commun-
istic" in the generally accepted mean-,
ing or 'Hearstian' use of the term.
The Communist party in North China,
has what we would consider a so-
cialistic program-their basic policy
is one of agrarian land reform which
has broken up the large estates and
divided them among the peasants
as small private holdings. This agrar-
ian reform was one of the three prin-
ciples of Sun Yat Sen on which the
Kuomintang was founded and which
it has since failed to follow.
He has further termed as "com-
pletely false" the assertions of for-
eign correspondents Owen Latti-
more and Edgar Snow and others.
He contends that "America is get-
ting a highly propagandized ver-
sion of the situation." This is pos-
sible; however Lattimore and Snow
have at least been in the Commun-
ist areas and seen the situation. In-
stead of Americans who are in-
clined to be impartial, we should
take the word of a Kuomintang
representative who can only have
gained his own information through
the party's secret police controlled,
highly propagandized, prejudiced
Central News Agency?
"No village official can rule," he
said, "without the sanction of the
people." What the Good Doctor pol-
itely failed to point out in this re-
gard is that the Kuomintang, using
the war as an excuse, has prevented
elections in its area and has main-
tained their own officials in power.
I can agree with the doctor when
he says, "We're not trying to in-
stitute democracy in China. We're
just trying to educate the people for
formal political responsibility." So
have other dictatorships similiarly
educated the people to formal poli-
tical responsibility-the responsibility
of supporting the existing govern-
ment in any and all policies without
any actual voice, but merely by regi-
mented thinking.
This is not democracy in any form.
It is inconceivable that a one party
system can be democratic. Much as
the Kuomintang may wish it, China
is not a one-party nation. China will
only have democracy when it has a
complete national election with all
parties participating in the election
and administration of the resulting
-James R. Raub
* * *
Need World Gov't
To the Editor:
IN AN EDITORIAL in The Daily of
May 28, Tom Walsh asks why the
public has forgotten the problem of
the control of atomic energy. It has
been pointed out repeatedly by Owen
Roberts, Emery Reves, Harold Urey,
and many others that the solution of
this problem requires no less than
the solution of the problem of the
prevention of war. These men also
show conclusively that we stand no
chance of eliminating war as long
as the world continues in the anar-
chic state of unhampered national
In order to control the atomic
bomb we must firstnset up an organ-
zation which will be able to take ac-
tion on important matters, and to
which the individual nations will be
subordinate. This means a world gov-
ernment whose basis is law rather
than the unanimous consent of five
To effect large changes such as
are needed requires considerable ef-
fort in thought and action, and this
the people and the statesmen have
refused to accept. Instead, they
have expected to solve the new
problem (atomic bombs) -and the

old (war) without making any radi-
cal changes in the existing inter-
national arrangement, and, as Mr.
Walsh truthfully states, they have
continued to hope that things will
work out all right by themselves.
At the present time this nation is
preparing to wage an atomic war,
and several other nations have stated
their intentions of doing likewise. If
we continue to sit by and let Nature
take its course, the stage should be
set for the fireworks within 10 or
20 years. Then it will be too late to
make any changes. Now is thetime
when we all must make the decision
and act upon it. If our choice is inac-
tion, then I shall look for a cave
high in the Andes.
-David B. Wehmeyer

Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all memn- r
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent In typewritten a
form to the Assistant to the President,i
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p.m. on the day W
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat- t
TUESDAY, MAY 21. 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 145V
Men's Orientation Advisors are ur- N
gently needed for the fall term. MenJ
who will be able to return to Ann e
Arbor by Sept. 15, one week before
the start of the term, and who are
willing to act as advisors may leave P
their names at the Michigan UnionS
Student Offices on week days between<
3 and 5 p.m. or call Al Farnsworth,1
2-3002. There are no restrictionsF
regarding class or school. Veteransc
and men with previous experienceC
are particularly needed.
Students: Colleges of Literature, 1
Science and the Arts; Architecture
and Design; Schools of Education;
Forestry and Conservation; Music;.
and Public Health. Blueprints willf
be mailed in June to the address on
each student's permanent record. If
there has been a change in the homee
address since your first registration,1
please notify the Registrar's Office,
Room 4, University Hall.r
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Dean Edmon-
son and Professors Thorpe, Welch,
and Wheeler will present a panel dis-
cussion to students on "Teaching ast
a Profession," today at 4:30 p.m.,
1025 Angell Hall.7
Professor Perkins of the Depart-;
ment of Political Science will presenti
a lecture to students on "The In-
stitute of Public Relations," Wednes-
day, May 22, at 4:30 p.m., 1025 Angell
All students who expect to become
candidates for a teacher's certificate
in February, June, or August, 1947,
should call for an application form
at the' office of the School of Educa-
tion, Room 1437 University Elemen-
tary School. Application forms should
be filled in and returned to the School
of Education by May 27.
Victory gardens. Many of those us-
ing the victory gardens at the Botan-
ical Garden have not yet responded
to the request that every gardener
contribute one dollar toward the ex-
pense of plowing and preparation of
the soil. As it is necessary to. settle
accounts now, an urgent appeal is
hereby made for prompt payment
of these contributions to Mr. Roszel.
Elizabeth Sargent Lee Medical His-
tory Prize: Established in 1939 by
bequest of Professor Alfred O. Lee, a
member of the faculty of the Univer-
sity from 1908 until his death in
1938. The income from the bequest
is to be awarded annually to a junior
or senior premedical student in the
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts for writing the best essay on
some topic concerning the history of
medicine. Freshmen in the Medical
School who are on the Combined
Curriculum in Letters and Medicine
are eligible to compete in the contest.
The following committee has been
appointed to judge the contest: As-
sistant Professor John Arthos, Chair-
man, Professor Adam A. Christman,
and Assistant Professor Frederick H.
The Committee has announced the
following topics for the contest:
1. History of a Medical Unit'
2. Medical-Aid Man
3. Medicine in Industry
4. Tropical Medicine
Prospective contestants may con-
sult committee members, by appoint-
(1) A first prize of $50 and a second

prize of $25 is being offered.
(2) Manuscripts should be 3,000 to
5,000 words in length, (3) the man-
uscripts should be typed, double spac-
ed, on one side of the paper only.
(4) contestants must submit two cop-
ies of their manuscripts, and (5) all
manuscripts should be handed in at
Room 1220 Angell Hall by May 31.
Ethyl Corporation in Detroit has
a few openings for lab analysts for
this summer. Men who are interested
may obtain application blanks at
the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall.
A representative of Philip Morris
and Company will be in our office on
Thursday to interview sophomores
and juniors interested in part-time
consumer work this summer. Men and
women who would like to apply and
who expect to stay in Michigan dur-
ing the summer should call at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Hall, for an appointment.
Students interested in selling pro-
ducts through the Campus Merchan-
dising Bureau during the summer can
obtain application blanks at the Bur-
eau of Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
The products to be sold include books,
personalized stationery, matchbooks,

The Bureau of Appointments has
eceived a call for a young lady with
background in psychological test-
ng for a job in industry. Anyone
vho is interested should apply at
he Bureau of Appointments and
occupational Information, 201 Ma-
on Hall, for further information.
Willow Village Program for veterans
and their wives:
Tuesday, May 21: Discussion
Group, led by Mrs. David Delzell,
Monson Court. "Issues Involved in
Japanese Occupation." 2 p.m. Confer-
ence Room, West Lodge.
Tuesday, May 21: Safety Series,
"Built-in-Safety." Illustrated talk by
Professor George M. McConkey,
School of Architecture. Mrs. Joseph
Courtis will discuss furniture ar-
rangements for safety. Sponsored by
Federal Public Housing Authority in
cooperation with Washtenaw County
Chapter of American Red Cross. 8
p.m. Village Community House.
Wednesday, May 22: Bridge, 2-4
p.m.; 8-10 p.m., Conference Room,
West Lodge.
Friday, May 24: Dancing Classes:
Beginners, 7 p.m.; Advanced, 8 p.m.;
Open dancing, 9-10 p.m. Auditorium,
West Lodge.
Saturday, May 25: Club Room Re-
cord Dance, 8:30-11:30. Club Room,
West Lodge.
Sunday, May 26: Classical Music,
records, 3 p.m. Office, West Lodge.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for William
J. Wingo, Biological Chemistry; the-
sis: "The Synthesis and Intermedi-
ary Metabolism of Some Sulfur Ana-
logues of Cystine: Isocysteine," today
at 2:00 p.m., at 313 West Medical.
Chairman, H. B. Lewis.
The Botanical Seminar will meet
Wednesday, May 22, at 4:00 p.m.,
Room 1139 Natural Science Building.
R. M. Muir will give a paper entitled
"The Physiological Mechanism of
Fruit Development." All interested
are invited.
Literature, Science and Arts, 2nd
semester sophomore are reminded
that the Profile Tests for sophomores
are to be held in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall, Thursday morning, May
23, and Friday morning, May 24.
Doors will open at 7:50 a.m. and close
promptly at 8 a.m. Please bring foun-
tain pens and pencil erasers with you
to both sessions.
Notice to Sophomore and Senior
Students taking the Profile Examina-
tions: You will be excused from
classes where there is a conflict with
the examinations. Present to your
instructor my communication regard-
ing the test as proof of your eligibil-
ity. Hayward Keniston, Dean
Student Recital: Lucretia Dell, pi-
anist, will be heard in a program pre-
sented in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Bach-
elor of Music at 8:00 this evening
in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. A
pupil of Joseph Brinkman, Miss Dell
will play compositions by Respighi,
Schumann, Beethoven, and Rach-
maninoff. The recital is open to the
Student Recital: Francis Peterson,
violinist, will be heard in a recital
given in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Master
of Music, at 8:30 Wednesday eve-
ning, May 22, in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. A pupil of Wassily Bese-
kirsky, Mr. Peterson will play com-
positions by Brahms, Wieniawski,
Kreisler, and Saint Saens. The pro-
gram will be open to the general
Better fishing? Rotunda, Museum

Building. Through June 30. 8:00-9:00
week days; 2:00-5:00, Sundays and
The 23rd Annual Exhibition for
Artists of Ann Arbor and Vicinity,
presented by the Ann Arbor Art As-
sociation. The Rackham. Galleries,
daily except Sundays, through May
23; afternoons 2-5, evenings 7-10.
The public is cordially invited.
Michigan Historical Collections.
"Public Schools in Michigan." Hours:
8:00 to 12:00, 1:30 to 4:30 Monday
through Friday, 8:00 to 12:00 Satur-
Events Today
Sigma Rho Tau Members: The
meeting tonight will feature inter-
circle conference debates on the M.
V. A. question. A report on the An-
nual Convention in Detroit will be
presented and plans for the Tung
Oil Banquet will be made. The meet-
ing starts at 7:00 in Rooms 319-323
in the Union.
Scabbard and Blade: All members
are requested to attend the reactivat-
ing meeting at the Michigan Union at
7:30 tonighlt.



That's right, son. My team
is called the Dodgers. I'm
the catcher. And my boss,

But Pop. Mr. O'Malley,
my Fairy Godfather, is
going to pitch for you.

I hope his arm is in shape.
The Maintenance Department
team ... The Cardinals . .

By Crockett Johnson
Sluggers? Hmm. Once the Peerless Ty Cobb
got a hit off your Fairy Godfather ... A
Texas Leaguer. No, your pater is undulyo

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