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May 19, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-05-19

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see rage 4





VOL. LVI, No. 144 ..~ ~


Rail Workers Postpone Strike



UN Gets
New Data
hain1De a tc Seeni
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, May 18--The United
States today submitted to the United
Nations a voluminous report which
an informed source said contained
information of "great importance"
to the Security Council sub-commit-
tee investigating Franco Spain.
Much of the material previously
had been published, but an inform-
ant who would not be identified said
it contained more new material on
the Franco regime than the sub-com-
mitee had received up to now from
all other sources.
The main document was said to
deal with the following subjects: Ger-
man assets in Spain, Germans in
Spain, Spanish war potential, efforts
of Franco Spain to penetrate the
American republics and the Franco
regime's reactions in relations with
the United States.
The sub-committee has until May
31 to complete its investigation on
Poland's charges that the Franco
regime is a threat to world peace. So
far it has received documents from
Russia, Great Britain, Brazil, Bel-
gium and the Spanish government-
Meanwhile, several delegates to the
United Nations Security Council said
they expected Russia to boycott dis-
cussions of the Iranian case which
will be resumed next week, probably
on Tuesday or Wednesday.
None of the delegates would com-
ment for publication, but some said
they would be greatly surprised if
Soviet delegate Andrei A. Gromyko
reversed his declaration of April
23 that he would not take part in
any further discussions on Iran.
iternatona I
Zone Sought
li Germany
PARIS, May 18-(P-Authoritative
informants said today that Britain
has demanded internationalization of
industries in eastern Germany in the
heart of the Soviet occupation zone
to counterbalance the projected in-
ternationalization of the Ruhr.
These sources said that British
Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, ap-
parently engaged in a diplomatic
struggle with Russia for greater in-
fluence in postwar Germany, voiced
the British demand at the concluding
sessions of the four-power foreign
ministers' conference.
An international council with Brit-
ish members would secure a foothold
in Upper Silesia to offset any Soviet
representation in the Ruhr, which
is in the British zone of occupation.
Bevin was reported to have backed
his proposal with two others - ex-
amination of all German questions
as a whole rather than on a piece-i
meal basis, and a review of Germany's
eastern boundaries.
Exchange Plall
To Be Discussed
Supporting student exchange as a'
means of preventing international
discord, representatives of the Inter-
national Student Exchange Commit-

tee will discuss "Student Exchange
-- Weapon of Peace" at 7:30 p.m.
today over station WPAG.
Fay Ajzenberg, who-has studied
in France and Germany, Rostislav
Galuszewski, former student in
France and Turkey, and Altimir
Mushkara, a Turkish student doing
graduate work at the University, will
speak in support of the exchange.
Opposition arguments will be pre-
sented by Wayne Saari, congressional
candidate from the Ann Arbor dis-
trict, and Charles Wiekel.
8panish Scholarship
Wintiers Announced
Jeanne North, '48, Angela Pons,

Famine Relief Drive Will
Seek Student Aid Thursday

EDITOR'S Nwri: This is the first of
situation and the campus' part in helpin
The University's Famine Relief L
mittee and the Michigan Christian Fe
Thursday to raise funds for food reli
Funds raised in the collection Thu
tions in all student residences each'

week until the end of the term.
The crucial need for famine re-
lief abroad is more than evident,"
Bruce Cooke, chairman of the Fam-
ine Committee, said yesterday. He
referred to former president Her-
bert Hoover's report that the "grim-
est spectre of famine in all the
history of the world" hovers over
more than one-third of the world's
Although all foodstuffs are critical-
ly needed to help sustain the world's
starving,dthe chief contribution that
this country can make, Hoover point-
Prof. Tracy
Will Serve as
Retrial Judge
Prof. John E. Tracy of the law
school will act as Judge in the retrial
of Richard Cortright tomorrow for
alleged illegal voting practices in
the recent student elections, Ray Da-
vis, president of the Student Congress,
announced yesterday.
Prosecuting attorney will be Mon-
roe Fink, '47L' and Roy Boucher, '47L,
will act as defense attorney for Cort-
right. The trial will be held in the
The Women's Judicary Council has
chosen a panel of 15 students, from
which the six-member jury will be
jority vote of the jury.
Cortright was disqualified as a
member of" the Student Congress by
Men's Judiciary Councilntherday of
the first session of Congress. This
action followed an investigation of
charges that Cortright had voted with
other students' identification cards.
Last Tuesday, Boucher, acting for
Cortright, appealed the case to the
executive cabinet of the Congress,
claiming that Cortright had not been
given opportunity to present any
defense. At the Congress meeting on
Wednesday the student representa-
tives voted a retrial. The court which
will try the case has been authorized
to make the final decision concern-
ing Cortright. If Cortright is cleared
of the charges, he will be reinstated
in the Congress. replacing Henry
Kaminski, who was declared elected
i hi pl c.Sa f e t y L e c t u r e
To Be (;iven
Prof George M. McConkey of the
architecture college will speak on
"Built-in Safety" at 8 p.m. Tuesday
in the Willow Village Community
The lecture will continue the safe-
ty course sponsored by FPHA in co-
operation with the Washtenaw Coun-
ty Chapter of the American Red
The University activity program for
veterans' wives will meet Monday at
2 p.m. with a child care class led by
Mrs. Agnes Stahly. Scheduled for
Tuesday at 2 p.m. is a discussion
group led by Mrs. David Delzell on
"Issues Involved in Japanese Occu-

f a series of articles on the world famine
g to alleviate the crisis.
Drive, sponsored by the Famine Com-
llowship, will be conducted on campus
ef abroad.
ursday will be supplemented by collec-'
ed out, is to ship every available'
kernel of wheat abroad. UNRRA has
been forced to fall behind its prom-:
ised commitments of wheat to fam-
ine-stricken lands. Fiorello La Guar-
dia, UNRRA director, has said that if
the present deficit rate continues, .
wheat shipments will be seven mil-
ion tons behind schedule by July.
In order to accelerate wheat ship-
ments, UNRRA needs enough money
to pay for 20 per cent of its grain
purchases, since 20 per cent of the
afflicted areas do not have money TO OPERATE RAILROADS-J, iM
to buy wheat in quantity. the Office of Defense Transportati
The Famine Committee's program who will act as federal manager of
is planned to help satisfy UNRRA day strike postponement.
needs. The all-campus collection
Thursday and the house collections
during the next month will constitute LABOR-MANAGEMENT-
this campus' contribution of money
to UNRRA. The committee's con- jR.
servation program aims to help make I$ C rt4
more food available to UNRRA by
cutting down food consumption, es- Op >-sed bPi
pecially of bread. by
The campus Famine Relief Drive
will be run in conjunction with WASHINGTON, May 18-UP)-P
drives which are being set up in Capitol Hill today as being willing f
16,00-0 -communities throughout the labor dispute laws but opposing any
nation. The Famine Committee has Legislators who have discussed t
affiliated with the Ann Arbor Fam- said he expressed the hope that any,
ine Emergency Committee, but will as to force him to veto the resultant
run the campus collection inde- Despite the difficulties the Presi
pendently. All funds will be turn- about settlements in controversies bet
ed over to UNRRA._
"The student body at this Uni-
versity has a highly commendable W oTrnW*ei e
record of cooperation in fund collec- W1overine N neI
tions in the past", Mary Friedkin, of p
the Famine Committee and MCF, S lt w il
said yesterday. "We now have a new
opportunity to exhibit our human si ofinnesota
800,000,000 people literally depend on
our contributions to the Famine Re- (Special to The Daily)
lief Drive." MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., May 18-A
rain-haunted Michigan baseball team
*i n C e went down to its second defeat of
the season in the nightcap of yester-
day's doubleheader with Minnesota,
Represent 4-1, after breezing to a 6-1 win in
the opener behind the effective
pitching of Cliff Wise.
At Tournam ent After being washed out in theiz last
three attempts, the Wolverines missed
the chance to take over the Big Ten
oipete in Trophy lead as Wisconsin, current Confer.

Notification Lag
Causes Confusion
WtagyeIncrea~ses ssredI 1y ruman
By The Associated Press
CLEVELAND, May 18--A five-day postponement of the scheduled strike
by railroad trainmen and locomotive engineers-until 4 p.m. Thursday-was
announced just before the original deadline today at headquarters of the
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. However, widespread confusion was re-
ported in practically all major rail centers because the walkout of 250,000
railroad trainmen and engineers, called for 4 p.m. yesterday, was cancelled
only a few minutes before the deadline in the Eastern time zone.
Time Lag on Dispatches
The time lag in dispatching notices to brotherhood locals caused thous-
ands of travelers to be inconvenienced as many train crew members de-
clined to work until official notice had been received from brotherhood head-
quarters in Cleveland. -------

lonroe Johnson (right), Director of
on, confers with Charles H. Buford,
f the nation's railroads during the 5


r'tU) on Unions
riet Truman""4"
rresident Truman was represented on
or Congress to make some changes in
drastic restrictions on unions.
the matter recently with Mr. Truman
action Congress takes will not be such
t legislation.
ident has had in attempting to bring
reen management and unions in major
-industries, none of his Capitol Hill
friends thinks he has altered the
friendly attitude he maintained to-
ward organized labor while in the
For that reason, they say they
have no doubt that the President
would veto any restrictions he felt
would lay too heavy a hand on the
activities of unions. But they add
that thus far Mr. Truman has not
said which of pending Senate. pro-
posals he likes or which he dislikes.
Remarks by Secretary of Labor
Schwellenbach at an Atlantic City
meeting of the CIO steelworkers Fri-

' Hill as a clear-cut indication t
the administration is not weaker
the political ties it has maintai
with labor unions.


Regatta at Boston
Four members of the University
Sailing Club are entered in the
ICYRA Morse Trophy Regatta, be-
ing held yesterday and today on the
Charles River Basin at Boston.
The two crews representing Michi-
gan, the only Mid-Western member
of the Inter-Collegiate Yacht Rac-
ing Association, are Harriet Jack-
son and Lee Graves, and Barbara
Fairman and Chuck Sauer. The Mas-
sachusetts Institute of Technology
team is host for the regatta, Crews
from move than 12 colleges are ex-
pected to participate.
Last summer Miss Jackson, Miss
Fairman and Roy Hasse won the
Danmark Trophy in a regatta spon-
sored by the United States Coast
Guard. The trophy was a gift of the
captain of the Danmark, the Dan-
ish training ship used by the Coast
Guard during the war.
Miss Jackson was rated tenth on
the 1945 ICYRA Skipper's List. This
is the first time that a woman has
been listed in the top ten and is
the highest position ever held by a
Michigan sailor.

ence leaders, went down before Ohio
State. Ws Fourth Students W
Wie W n o rh UIn the opener Wise scattered nine S it t c Ihhs outtwnefthst
hit~ to tc his fourh wi nte31e v~ A fl
season.H H pitched night scoreless
innings losing a shutout when 'h : University contestants wonf
Gc phei s tallied in the ninth. place in the annual convention
hivchigan took a one run lead in Sigma Rho Tau, engineering spt
the s cond inning, put the game on ing society, ,hich took place at
ice with a cluster of lour in thv University of Detroit yesterday.
fourth, and concluded J1e scoring in Winning first place in the ra
the fifth on Bob Chappuis' home run. i g speeches, Margaret B. Carro
The first game witnessed the only teUnierstyasgae B.fCurr
two extra base hits of the afternoon, te wie sod pl a
one goin gto each club. Chappuis' ed hy Jane C. Ingersoll, also f
homer was Michigan's only long blow the University, who spoke on "R
and Ralph Gilbert slapped out a hide Railryads,"
double for Minnesota.
Nightcap Settled in First Second place of the improm
The disastrous nightcap wa; de- speeches was taken by L. Terry Fi
cided early as Bliss Bowman was while the University scored t'
charged with the first Eig Ten lo,- more when Charles C. Chadwick
of his career. He pitched to only four Pay Aizenberg won first and sec
men and was responsible for the first places respectively in the Hall
two Gopher runs. Earl Block re- Fame contest, a series of eulogi
lieved Bowman and was nicked for orations.
three hits and two runs in going the Participants in the contest w
remainder of the route. students from the University of
Block was plagued with wildness, troit, the Detroit Institute of Te
See BASEBALL, Page 6 nology, and the University.

The truce announcement came af-
ter the trainmen's president, A. F.
Whitney, and Alvanley Johnston,
grand chief engineer of the Brother-
hood of Locomotive Engineers, talked
by telephone with the White House,
a spokesman at Brotherhood offie s
Will Confer on Dispute
The union heads were reported to
have 'e2f' or Washington late to-
State Railroads
Rally as Strike
Is Postponed
DETROIT, May 18-'P)-Michi-
gan's bustling railroad system fal-
tered for a few minutes at 4 p.m.
today, but with the announcement
of the five-day postponement of the
railroad strike, recovered quickly to
normal operation within 45 minutes.
As the zero hour approached at the
Michigan Central Depot here, the
first train after the deadline, the
t4:45 p.m. Chicago-Detroit twilight
was cancelled.
Crews were leaving the yards and
evening shifts were not reporting.
With the strike postponement, har-
ried officials scraped together a crew,
and the crack train's departure was
In the lobby, the crowd thinned out
shortly before 4 p.m. but almost im-
mediately after the strike postpone-
ment, the great concourse filled up
again and lines formed at departure
Only train cancelled was the New
York bound Special, scheduled to de-
part at 4:45. Lack of information on
the situation in the East brought the
move. The Cleveland Mercury, leav-
ing at 5:30,and the Wolverine, leav-
ing for New York at 7:35 with the
Special's cars attached, pulled out on
Bor Hopes for
Army's Return
Ex-Geeral Supports
Exiled Polish Officials
General Bor-Komorowski, present
commander-in-chief of the Polish
Army in exile, still hopes for the day
when that Army may return to Po-
Stopping in Ann Arbor briefly af-
ter a visit to Percy Jones Hospital
in Battle Creek, the soldierly, grey-
ing General who led the ill-fated
Warsaw uprising spoke with grati-
tude of his reception by Polish-
Americans in this country.
"They seem to understand the
terrible position in which Poland
finds herself," he declared. "Its prin-
cipal officials are Russian citizens,
its police are Russians in Polish uni-
forms, and the whole country starves
under the burden of the Soviet oc-
"If the Polish people were per-
mitted to hold free and unfettered
election tomorrow, I am sure that
90 per cent would repudiate the Com-
munists and the Warsaw govern-
ment," he added.
In this country at the invitation
of various Polish-American organiza-
tions, General Bor is visiting all the
principal communities of Polish ex-
traction to report conditions in Po-
land as seen by agents of the London
government in exile.
"We ha e not given up hope," be

night for further conferences in the
wage and working rules dispute.
In Kansas City, D. A. Mackenzie,
vice-president of the Brotherhood of
Railroad Trainmen, quoted Whitney
as telling him by telephone:
"We are postponing the strike on
assurances from the President that
the carriers would have something
substantial to offer the organiza-
tions in the way of wage increases
and, working conditions."
The two brotherhoods immediately
began notifying general chairmen to
keep members of the two organiza-
tions on the job.
Not Violating Law
A spokesman at the office of the
trainmen's union said Whitney had
made the proposition to delay the
strike if Mr. Truman could assure
the brotherhoods that the postpone-
ment would not be a violation of the
Smith-Connally Act. .Mr. Truman
gave these assurances, the spokesman
Code Words Used
The code word "Johnston" was
flashed to engineers and the word
"convention" to trainmen. Code
words had been sentroutin advance
A member of the economics de-
partment explained last night that
under the Smith-Connally Act,
union leaders who call a strike
after government seizure of an in-
dustry are subject to prosecution
in the federal courts
President Truman's assurances
that the rail strike postponement
will not be a violation of the act
means that if a settlement is not
reached during the five-day truce
and the trainmen and engineers
walk out Thursday, the govern-
ment will consider the action legiti-
mate, since the walk-out scheduled
for yesterday was called before the
to general chairmen so thar any
changes in instructions for the strike
set at 4 p.m. ,today could be iden-
tified as authentic.
The trainmen's spokesman said
some members might have left their
jobs before the postponement was an-
nounced, and that some delay might
be encountered before they returned
to work,
The first, indication of a possible
delay in the walkout came at 3:16
p.m. when a source at trainmen's
headquarters, who asked that he not
be identified, said it appeared an
announcement of major importance
would be forthcoming from the White
House before today's deadline.
Eleven minutes later, the same
source reported receiving informa-
tion that the White House would an-
nounce a five-day postponement.
Flying Club TO
Seely Members
The University Flying Club has
started its all-campus membership
Policies for the drive will be dis-
cussed at the Club's next meeting to
be held at 7:30 p.m. May 29, in Rm.
1042 E. Engineering Bldg.
In addition vacant Club offices
have been filled. Paul Shaffer has
been named news operations offi-
cer; John Horeth, assistant treasurer;
Ann Coe, assistant operations offi-
cer. The social committee is com-
posed of Francisco Saravia, Robert
Lamb, Carol Anderson, and Ann Gui-
The Club has opened summer mem-

eak -
l of

Broadened Idea of Citzenship Needed

* * * c



~- 1

American democracy cannot sur-
vive unless the idea of citizenship
is broadened beyond voting and of-
fice-holding, Prof. John A. Perkins,
secretary of the Institute of Public
Administration, told the Citizenship
Conference here yesterday.
Jointly sponsored by the School of
Education and the State Committee
on Citizenship, the conference was
attended by 125 southeastern Michi-
gan high school administrators and
seniors on student councils.

"Government is now involved in
nearly everything we do, so good
citizenship now requires sacrifice
of both time and energy in partici-
pating in all aspects of commun-
ity life."
Public distaste for office-holding
is exemplified by the "uncompliment-
ary connotations associated with the
term politician' in this country," he
said. He reported an opinion survey I
in which seven out of 10 voters dis-
closed they did tnt wavnt.their' child-.

decceunt citizens to appreciate and
support them."
"Formerly, the great bulk of civic
education took place subtly and per-
sistently in the home, neighborhood
groups and in the values expressed on
Main St. and in the ball park," he
said. "The tendency of the family to
disintegrate, the changed significance
of the neighborhood in an urbanized
society where population is constantly'
shifting and the development of the
idea of the community school all in-

,' .. .


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