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May 15, 1946 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-05-15

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Fifty-Sixth Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . Managing Editor
Hale Champion . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . . City Editor
Emily E. Knapp . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Pat Cameron . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Clark Baker . . . . . . . ...s....Sports Editor
Des Howarth .. .. .......sociate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz . . . . . . . . Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Dorothy Flint.. . .. . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . Associate Business Manager
Evelyn Mills . . . . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newpaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Leftist Setbacks
LAST WEEK the Hearst papers were ordered
to substitute "Red Fascist" for "Commy" in
labelling Communists. The explanation? Com-
munism is no longer humorous.
/ Now we have never been able to find anything
uproariously funny about Communism. Recent
developments, on the other hand, do not seem
to indicate a "serious Communistic threat" des-
pite the magnificent journalistic imaginations
which have conjured up the "Giant Red Spec-
tre looming over the horizon."
Russian influence and the French Communists
both received a severe and unexpected setback
last week when the Leftist-proposed Constitu-
tion was rejected by a considerable majority of
the French people.
Tpis blow to Communist prestige seemed to
bear out Prof. Lobanov-Rostovsky's recent
statements that the majority of people in the
western European countries do not actually
want Communism. Certainly this important
defeat should encourage the alarmists who
have been having nightmares about the pos-
sibility of the Red flag waving from every
Western capital.
The results of the referendum vote surprised
political observers who saw the Communist
parties in France and Italy emerge from the
war "strong and incomparably better disciplined
than the divided groups opposing them. Thej
Communists, moreover, were not content to go
down alone, for the Socialists, who had half-
heartedly, but officially, backed the Communist
Constitution, "emerged divided, weakened and
confused" as a result of sharing the defeat.
Party is now reported to be seeing an alli-
ance with the groups on its right. If this succeeds,
a solid bloc of non-Communist groups will be
lined up against the Communists who form the

largest single party. It would not be reasonable
to expect a very durable coalition, however, be-
cause of the sharp and bitter differences among
the' moderate parties.
The defeat of the Constitution also means that
the June election for the Assembly will by held
under the existing electoral law, not under the
new one that was widely regarded as playing into
the hands of party machines by requiring candi-
dates to be sponsored by parties and by enabling
party committees to choose Deputies by using
surplus voted under proportional representation.
It should not be assumed that this rejection
of the Communist influence heralds the return
of middle-class power to France. Even though
France does not want Communism, most ob-
servers regard it as Left and revolutionary in
the sense of desiring a better economic system
on a less narrowly capitalistic basis than before.
Next month political observers will turn to the
Italian election which will test further the pene-
tration of the "Red Fascists." Meanwhile moder-
ate Frenchmen probably hope that, by showing
that they are not taking orders from Moscow,
the results of the referendum vote will help re-
lations with the United States, from whom France
awaits financial aid.
-John Campbell
MinUe Dictator Lewis
LAST WEEK, John L. Lewis had an interesting
hour's conference with Secretary of Labor
Swellenbach, in which he made this remark:

teferi to the 6ditor

C o'n tna~eri4al



Unfunny Pranksters
To The Editor:
FOR THE last three summers I have been
making a study on the effect of certain treat-
ments on the growth of the root system of small
elm trees. This is of considerable importance un-
der some conditions. These small trees are grow-
ing in tubs near the Natural Science Greenhouse
and are not in the way of any one who tends to
his own business. Until this spring they have not
received the attention of any one, at least they
have not been molested. This Sunday morning
as I walked across the campus I noticed that my
trees were not in their usual place, and in'vesti-
gation showed that 5 of the 6 trees had been
pulled up and laid side by side not far from their
containers. To the perpetrator of this vandalism
this may have been quite a joke and he may still
laugh at his cleverness if he remembers what
he did, but I think his sense of humor is some-
what perverted, to say the least. I have spent
over three years on growing and studying these
trees and then someone comes along and deliber-
ately destroys my work. The trees have been
put back in the tubs, but how am I to know what
effect pulling them up has had on the growth?
This is the second time this spring some have
been pulled up.
I wish that if any one has a friend who thinks
it would be great fun to again pull up those elms
near the Natural Science greenhouse that he
would reason with him and get him to do some-
thing that was not destructive.
-F. G. Gustafson,
Prof. of Botany
Arab Defense
To The Editor:
MR. GRAUER in his article of May 10th at-
tacking the Arab leaders has certain deceiv-
ing points. It is my duty to draw the attention
of the American people and of Mr. Joshua of the
falsity of these attacks for I am a Christian Arab
from the town of Bethlehem and arrived in, this
country only three months ago, so am more
aware of the truth than the accuser.
I was told by many Americans that they have
heard only one side of the problem, so it is time
that the other side should be heard.
According to Mr. Grauer 75% of the Arab
population in Palestine have immigrated during
the last 100 years and that the Arabs have in-
creased in number from 664,000 in 1922, to
1,175,000 in 1944. As to the statement of 75%
I ask the accuser to be more sure of his "sta-
tistics." Moreover, the accuser closes his mind
to fact that the Jews increased from 50,000 to
650,000 in 25 years. Is he aware that while the
Arabs increased twice in number, the Jews in-
creased 13 times? Is he aware that this increase
of Arabs is mainly one of the fact that the Arabs
have a high rate of birth as do other Eastern
people, while the Jewish increase is mainly due
to immigration from Europe?
Mr. Grauer points out that the Arabs ruled
Federal Aid
AMERICAN EDUCATION is experiencing a re-
vival of interest that some educators have
termed comparable to a cultural renaissance.
The financial aid of the GI Bill has provided
means enabling thousands of veterans to begin
or to continue their education. It has also stimu-
lated discussion and debate on the question of
Federal assistance to state educational systems
and of a Federal aid-to-educate bill.
The case is simple. Gross inequities now exist
between the educational systems in the several
states; teaching does not appeal to young
people because salaries offered by local school
systems are appallingly low in comparison to
those found in medicine, law, engineering,
business and the other professions.
THE VALIDITY of these two arguments can-
not be refuted. A comparison of the average
schooling reached in the states of California
and North Carolina reveals that while in Cali-
fornia the average person receives 10.2 years of
schooling, persons in North Carolina receive an
average of 6.8 years. Education in the South has
consistently lagged behind that in other sections
of the country, and Southern educators are
among the chief proponents of Federal subsidy.
The lag in raising teachers' salaries was espe-

cially felt during the war when many teachers
left their positions to seek employment in higher
paying defense work. Even in the prosperous
state of New York, the average weekly earnings
during 1945 for elementary school teachers was
$46 as compared with an average of $50 for
factory workers. Most other states have an
even poorer record. In the meantime, high schools
and colleges are short staffed and present
teachers are responsible for up to twice the
ordinary number of students.
Obviously, the solution to the problem lies in
the expenditure of more funds for improved
physical conditions and higher salaries for tea-
chers. Variation in economic resources, however,
makes variation in the outlay for education
inevitable as long as states must foot the entire
bill. The biggest challenge to American education
is the opportunity to give meaning and reality to
our traditions and democratic freedoms, to
traditions which have been seriously challenged
and threatened by the grim irony of Southern
standards. It is indeed a national responsibility.
-Alice Jorgensen

Palestine only 437 years, but he fails to point
out that the Arabs under the Turkish rule were
the vast majority of the land, and Palestine was
considered by Turks as an Arab land. The
Americans have ruled the Philippines yet they
believe that the country belongs to the inhabi-
tants and they develop the country to the bene-
fit of the people.
The Arab does not hate the Jew as Mr. Grauer
claims but the Arab distrusts the Zionist, for he
is well aware of the Zionist aims. I would like
to remind the accuser that in the past the Arab
lands were the safest places for the Jews for
they were treated on equal bases as the Arabs.
The Arab has great respect to those Jews that
have been living in the country for many years
for both Arabs and Jews are Semitic.
If these Arabs "have never known the mean-
ing of the word Democracy," I ask the accuser
to read the history of the treatment of the
Crusaders after they were defeated. Let him
ask, about the impression of the priests of
Caliph Omar because of his good treatment
of the Christians. Read, Mr. Grauer, about
the Constitution of the Arab League and see
for yourself whether it treats Moslems, Jews
and Christians on equal bases. On the other
hand a Zionist refuses to employ non-Jewish
labor as is proved by articlr 3 of the Constitu-
tion of the Jewish agency signed at Zurich
Aug. 14, 1929. Moreover, a Zionist claims high-
er wages than an Arab and this is granted to
him by the British government. In the name
of Democracy I ask, who is the one "who has
never known the meaning of the word Democ-
The Arab princes are accused by ignorant peo-
ple of not wanting to "raise the moral and physi-
cal standards of living" of the people.
If Mr. Grauer was in Palestine and lived among
Arabs he will understand that they were not,
and are not given the chance by certain selfish
and ambitious elements, who have persecuted
and suppressed the Arabs.
I would like to make it clear to Mr. Grauer
that what the honoured Arab princes say in
regards to the Zionists, is what the native people
want them to say. They have the support of
Moslems and Christians and of "Arab Jews."
They, moreover, have the support of Moslem
religious men and of our Archbishops, Bishops,
and priests. Am I to suppose that my Arch-
bishops, Bishops and priests hate the Jews, be-
cause they are anti-Zionists, while they them-
selves preached anti-Hitlerism because of the
Jewish persecutions?
-Miguel A. J. Kawas
* * * *
Cast Praised
To The Editor:
T HE TRAGIC and untimely death of Carlos
Casta, late president of the Michigan Student
Veterans Association is a great loss to the citizen
veterans of this state. Carlos Casta, born in
Porto Rico, educated in Italy and Spain, whd
fought in the Southwest Pacific with General
Douglas MacArthur, was truly a man who had
the one world viewpoint on current events. Very
active in espousing the cause of the veteran,
State field officer for the Veterans of Foreign
Wars, and one of the guiding spirits in organ-
izing the Student Veteran's 'Association, Casta
was one of the few individuals who could be
accurately termed a practical idealist.
He passed away last Saturday at the age of
28, from an operation necessitated by a service
connected disability. Just one week earlier he
had left his sick bed in order to preside at the
meeting of the Student Veteran's Association
at which his Kalamazoo College was host. An-
other casualty from World War II has been add-
ed to the list. He will be sorely missed and
mourned by his host of friends and associates.
-Sam B. Bass
* ** *
World War III
To The Editor:
THE RECENT LETTER of Marine McDonald
showed very little taste. Men returning from
the frightening horror of actual combat have
neither the desire nor guts to announce to the
community, "I killed more Japs than you'se

guys:" That's strictly from third echelon com-
Ask a little Dutch kid how he likes war -or
a Warsaw Pole how many ribbons he has - or
a Chinese peasant if he was there. War is heroic
only to those who view it from a distance and
thereby get a vicarious thrill of battle.
Pride in your group is essential to good morale,
but to go out and publicly announce how much
better you and your kind are than someone else
is a bit thick this far from Texas.
-C. L. Corey
Antidote to Famine
Little is required of you in relieving starving
Europeans. First, oils, (salad dressing, etc.) fats,
and wheat should be cut to a minimum at every
meal. Secondly, money saved from eating less
should be sent regularly to Mrs. H. B. Ross, exec-
utive secretary of the city Famine Emergency
Committee, Municipal Court Building.
-Milt Freudenheim

A CHARITABLE MAN would proba-
bly say that we should forgive
them, because they don't know what
they're doing. There seem to be some
arguments for this position.
For instance. there seems to be
small doubt that Congress and the
employers are hostile to the current
strike wave. They just don't like
strikes . . . strikes upset the return
to normalcy. But all of the current
strikes have been caused basically
by a desire of the workers to retain
the standard of living which they had
during the war. So the workers hit
the bricks, and the strikes were final-
ly settled for an 18% cents an hour
PRICES. As soon as the strikes are
over, the big employers begin to press
for price increases, and Congress
yields to their painted smiles and
shows every sign of scuttling OPA.
Even the employes realize that the
end of OPA means the beginning of
higher prices, and even the employers
realize that higher prices will be a
certain cause of a new wave of strikes.
More Strikes Expected
So the employers and Congress
seem to be occupying a curious posi-
tion, in which they condemn strikes
out of the left side of their mouths,
while the right side mutters those
magic words which will encourage
strikes. Now during the coal strike,
they are taking advantage of public
animosity to John L. Lewis in order
to pass new anti-strike legislation.
Such action only makes sense when
big business and Congress expect
MORE strikes soon. I believe that
they do expect these strikes, and I be-
lieve they know that the responsibility
for causing more strikes is theirs.
Thisdouble-pronged drive . . . the
drive against labor and the drive
against OPA . . . is well-organized
and unanimous as only a plot can be.
It is certainly true that many small
business, like the corner grocer or
haberdasher, favor the continuation
of OPA. They realize that inflated
wholesale prices will divert the entire
stream of goods to the luxury stores,
and that their shelves will be even
more bare than they are now. When
eggs reach a dollar a dozen, the cor-
ner grocer is not going to sell manyc
Small Business Not Influential
While these small businessmen are
doubtless the most numerous seg-
ment of business, they are also the
least influential. Among the big mon-
ey boys, opposition to OPA finds onlyI
a handful of dissenting voters. Henryt
Kaiser likes OPA, maybe Eric John-
ston likes OPA, but the list wouldn't
cover both hands.
In Detroit at a recent meeting of1
nearly a dozen local contractors as-
sociation,a speech condemning OPAs
as "more socialistic than Hitler" was4
wildly applauded. The contradiction
between the beginning and the end ofz
this phrase was ignored, and to have<
told the men present that they were
as capitalistic as Hitler would merely
have confused them. They have
chosen to follow their own wild, reck-
less path in the search of higher pro-
fits, and mere denunciation will never
dissuade them.
For instance, a recent meeting in
Detroit to call a "landlord's strike
against OPA" was being picketed by
a hundred veterans. When the presi-
dent of the landlords' association
emerged from the building at the
close of the meeting, he said to one
of the veterans: "Just because you
guys fought in the war you think
you're entitled to something special."
There is no reason involved in such
a statement. It is so ludicrous that
it would be a flop in the hammiest
satire that Hollywood ever made.,But
it represents the opinion of the men
who dominate American business.
Meat Packers vs. OPA
The big meat packers have long
contended that meat could not be
bought at the OPA price. When the
Iowa Farmers Union offered to pro-
vide them with all the meat they

wanted AT THE OPA PRICE, the
packers demanded an impossible
change in marketing regulations. As
a result, three small packers expanded
production 40% while the big packers
were cutting production 50%. All
were operating under the same OPA
Dwyte Wilson of the Farmers Union
livestock commission in St. Paul had
this comment about the tactics of
the big meat packers: "They tell the
farmers that cattle can't be bought
because labor is too high, and they
tell labor, 'We can't give you work
because we can't buy cattle."
The Packinghouse Workers Union
has also charged that the packers
were keeping meat off the market
in an effort to kill OPA. This union
has countered with the demand that
the Federal government nationalize
the packing industry, because the
packing trust has shown itself un-
willing to feed the people of the
United States. -Ray Ginger

June 13 to June 19, 1946
NOTE: For the courses having both lectures and quizzes, the time
of exercise is the time of the first lecture period of the week; for
courses having quizzes only, the time of exercise is the time of the first
quiz period.
Drawing and laboratory work may be continued through the exam-
ination period in amount equal to that normally devoted to such work
during one week.
Certain courses will be examined at special periods as noted below
the regular schedule. All cases of conflicts between assigned examina-
tion periods must be reported for adjustment. See bulletin board out-
side of Room,3209 East Engineering Building between May 29 and June
5, for instruction. To avoid misunderstandings and errors, each stu-
dent should receive notification from his instructor of the time and,
place of his appearance in each course during the period June 13 to
June 19.

No date of examination may
the Classification Committee.

be changed without the consent of

Time of Exercise

Time of Examination





June 13
June 15
June 14
June 18
June 19
June 17
June 13





Chem-Met 1; E.E. 2a
Draw. 1; M.E. 1; Span.;
E.M. 1; C.E. 2
Draw. 3; Surv. 1, 2, 4
Draw. 2; M.E. 3; Frenc
Econ. 53, 54; English 11
M.P. 2, 3, 4

* Thursday
German *Friday
* Monday
h1 *Monday
* Tuesday




*This may also be used as an irregular period, provided there is no
conflict with the regular printed schedule above.
Prescribed V-12 courses will also follow the above schedule.

(Continued from Page 3)
old-field Mouse." This seminar is
open to the public.
Original piano and chamber music
compositions by students of Edmund
Haines, Instructor of Composition in
the School of Music, will be heard at
8:30 tonight in Lydia Vendelssohn
Theatre. The students who have writ-
ten music for the program are David
Idema, Allen Pyke, Audrey Unger,
Clinton Norton, Gordon Hardy, Jan-
ice Brodt, Marilyn Mason, Mary Ev-
ans Johnson, Dean Howard, Dorothy
Trubey, Joanne Baker, Beverly Solo-
row, Francis Hopper, Elise Cambon,
and Norma Wendleburg. The public
is cordially invited.
Fishing and fish management. Ro-
tunda, Museum Building. Through
June 30. 8:00-5:00 week days; 2:00-1
5:00, Sundays and holidays.
Michigan Historical Collections.
"Public Schools in Michigan." Hours:
8:00 to 12:00, 1:30 to 4:30 Monday
through Friday, 8:00 to 12:00 Satur-
The 23rd Annual Exhibition for
Artists of Ann Arbor and Vicinity,
presented by the Ann Arbor Art As-
sociation. The Rackham Galleries,
daily except Sundays, through May
23; afternoons 2-5, evenings 7-10.
The public is cordially invited.
Events Today
Radio Program: The University
Broadcasting service and the School
of Music present today from 2:00 to
2:30 over Station WKAR (870 kc)
its fourth of five Radio-recitals de-
voted to the works of Ludwig Von
Beethoven, The program brings three
movements from the Serenade Op
25 for Flute (Marie Mountain Clark),
Violin (Loren Cady) and Viola (Ed-
ward Ormond), and the Quartet Op
16 for Piano (Elaine Rathburn), Vio-
lin, Viola and Cello.Commentations
by Mr. Theodore Heger. The com-
plete program is under the direction
and supervision of Prof. Hanns Pick
Varsity Glee Club: Rehearsal for
concert trips, alumni reunion and
serenades. Important announcements
and business. Every member must be
present tonight at 7:15.
The Research Club will meet to-
night at 8:00 in the Rackham Am.
phitheatre. There will be the annua
election of officers. The following
papers will be presented: "The Devel-
opment of the Use of Capital it
France, 1815-48," by Professor A. L
Dunham, and "Some Physiologica
Aspects of the Resistance of the Res
piratory Tract to Infectious Disease,
by Professor W. J. Nungester.
Botanical Journal Club will mee
today at 4:00 p.m. in Room 113
N.S. Bldg. Reports by:

The Psychology Club Journal Re-
view Committee will present a dis-
cussion of the Rorschach Method
tonight at 8:00 in the East Confer-
ence Room of the Rackham Build-
ing. This meeting is open to all Club
members and guests.
University of Michigan Section, of
the American Chemical Society will
meet today at 4:15 p.m., in Room
151 of the Chemistry Building. Dr.
Harvey Diehl of Iowa State Univer-
sity will speak on "Oxygen-Carrying
Cobalt Compounds." The public is
cordially invited.
Architecture Students: Those with
more than 60 hours credit in the
School of Architecture are eligible
to apply for membership in the Stu-
dent Branch of the Detroit Chapter
of the- A.I.A. at their regular meet-
ing in room 246, Arch. Bldg., today
at 4:00 p.m.
Flying Club: Important business
meeting tonight in room 1042 East
Engineering Building at 7:30. All
students and members of the faculty
are invited to attend.
"Now for Tomorrow", a film con-
cerning the modern drug store, will
be presented by the College of Phar-
macy under the auspices of the Pres-
cott Club, in Room 165 of the Chem-
istry Building, at 4:15 p.m. today.
Anyone interested is welcome.
Alpha Phi Omega business meet-
ing tonight at 7:30 in the Michigan
Union. Tickets will be distributed
for the dance and publicity for the
dance will be discussed. Every mem-
ber is urged to attend as important
business will be handled.
Coming Event
The Art Cinema League presents
"Peg of Old Drury", a British histori-
cal film of the stage, in middle-18th
century London. Anna Neagle as Peg
Wofington and Sir Cedric Hardwicke
as David Garrick. Thurs., Fri., Sat.,
8:30 p.m. Box office opens 2:00 p.m.
daily, beginning Wed. Reservations
phone 6300. Lydia Mendelssohn The-
Tea at the International Center:
The weekly informal teas at the
International Center on Thursdays,
from 4:00 to 5:30 p.m. are open to
all foreign students and their Ameri-
can friends.
Econcentrics: Student's Economics
-Club will meet in Room 302, Union,
1 at 7:30, Thursday. The speaker will
l be Mr. Charles F. Sarle, Assistant
g Chief of the Weather Bureau, and
an executive in Commodity Credit,
who will speak on "Career Oppor-
l tunities in Government Service." All
- ore invited, especially Political Sci-
ence, Economics, Sociology, and His-
tory majors.
t The Russian Circle and Russian
9 department will present "Days of
Our Life," a play by Andreev, at 8:30

You might hurt yourself
playing ball, John. It's

IfI stop smoking and eat
carefully,and take some
exercise, I'll aet myself

Mr O'Malley Fairy Godfather,
is going to help you train, Pop.

By Crockett Johnson
I'll coach him on the fine
points, Gus. You'll be in
charge of the massage table.

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