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VOL. LVI, No. 140 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY MAY 15, 1946
PRICE FIVE CENTS
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Talks Open Adult
Titiev Says Optimistic View of Future
Depends on Utilizing Neighbors' Ideas
More than 300 members of state women's clubs, church and PTA groups,
and students and faculty members heard lectures in Rackham Lecture Hall
yesterday at the opening session of the 14th Annual Adult Education Insti-
tute, sponsored jointly by the University Extension Service and the Michigan
Federation of Women's Clubs.
The future can be viewed optimistically if the world will realize that all
peoples are capable of borrowing and utilizing their neighbors' ideas, Dr.
Mischa Titiev of the anthropology department told the Adult Educatoinal
Institute yesterday. 'C* * *#
Dr. Titiev's talk followed the wel-
coming address given iy Dr. Charles * *a rgeons nr
Fisher, director of the University 1 Od
Extension Service who expresed the sta an
view that the only way out of the
universal dilemmas facing the Surveying medical progress in the
world is mass education, all the past few years, Dean A. C. Fursten-
way through life. berg of the Medical School told the
Speaking on "Anthropology Looks Adult Education Institute yesterday
at the World," Dr. Titiev asserted that American surgeons have a record
that items of culture can be transmit- an 96 per cent recovery of all those
ted by the diffusion process from wounded during the war.
the groups who invent them to groups At the outset of the war, he
they encounter. This is possible, he stated, research in medicine was
said, because biologically, all men are mainly distributed between three
equal and, from a cultural stand- fields: 1) care of the wounded; -2)
point, each group has and under- treatment and prevention of infec-
stands certain rules in common. An- tious diseases; 3) psychological
thropological studies have eliminated problems caused by the new war
all beliefs that differences in men environment.
F irst inFahI I
Lit School ExpceI8s
By CLAYTON DICKEY
New admissions to the literary col.
lege for the fall semester will be
largely limited to Michigan residents,
with first priority going to veterans,
Dean Hayward Keniston announced
Questioned concerning the col-
lege's prospective enrollment for
next fall, Dean Keniston said the
total figure will probably be above
Nearly 6,000 students are enrolled
in the college this semester.
He said that efforts are being made
to hold the enrollment down because
President Signs Stop-Gap Draft
Bill Banning Teen-Age Induction;
New Plan Extends Wheat Slash
are handicaps to the spread of cul-
tures. "It is no impossibility," he con-
cluded, "for a universal culture pat-
tern to bring a general fellowship
FBI Agent Reports
On Juvenile Crine
More persons aged 17 are arrested
than any other age group, R. A.
Guerin, special agent in charge of
the Detroit office of the Federal
Bureau of Investigation said yester-
Guerin outlined the community's
responsibility to juvenile delinquents
as either potential criminals or po-
The opportunities for private-
citizens and organizations to as-
sist in solving the problem of youth-
ful crime as cited by Guerin
were: eXemplary leadership, dis-
cretion In daily living to eliminate
temptaition and direct participa-
tion in youth work ,as part of a
community, school or church pro-
"In the home or through some
community service," Guerin said,
"there must be an opportunity for
youth to satisfy the basic desires of
life, namely, the desires for new ex-
perience, recognition, response and
Several causes which appear with
regularity during investigations to
deterniine why youngsters become de-
linquent were pointed out by the
speaker. Among them were: broken
homes, neglectful parents, emotional
instability, lack of discipline, un-
wholesome neighborhood influences,
straitenend financial circumstances.
Continue T oday
Huntley Will Discuss
Japan and China"
Today's session of the Adult Edu-
cation Institute, which continues
through tomorow afternoon in the
Lecture Hall of the Rackham Build-
ing, will begin at 9 a.m, with a speech
on "Japan and China" by Prof. Frank
L. Huntley of the English department.
At 10 a.m. Prof. Theodore Newcomb
of the sociology department will
speak on "Hopes and Fears in World
Public Opinion," and Mrs. Belle F.
Murray, lecturer and consultant in;
family relations for the University1
Extension Service, will discuss "Par-
This afternoon's lectures include
"The New Physics," by Prof. Ernest1
Barker, chairman of the Departmenta
of Physics, and a discussion of Latin]
America, by Prof. Sandford A. Mosk
of the economics department.
Tomorow's program will include a
discussion of the present situation in
Germany, by Prof. Benjamin Wheeler
of the history department, at 9 a.m:
"The Techniques of Understanding,"
by Prof. Norman Maier of the psy-
chology department, at 10 a.m.; "Re-
ligion in the Home," by Mrs. Arthur
Evans of Lansing, director of the
Christian Family Department of thei
Michigan Council of Churches and
Christian Education, at 11 a.m.; "Thec
New Chemistry," by Prof. Lawrence
Brockway of the chemistry depart-
ment; and "The Foreign Policy of the
As a result of the war emergency,
Dean Furstenberg said, consultation
between the various research groups
became more closely coordinated
leading to exchange of vital informa-
tion and cooperation on new re-
Briefly mentioned was the discov-
cery of penicillin by Sir Alexander
Fleming. "The effect of penicillin on
meningitis is phenomenal," Dean
Furstenberg said, adding that it is
of great value in the treatment of
syphillis and gonorrhea.
Another wonder drug which made
its appearance during the war is
streptomycin, he said, Prepared in a
manner similar to that of penicillin,
streptomycin was first used to cure
tularemia, more commonly known
as rabbit fever, and as a benefit to
undulent fever. Results of tests show
that it may be of great help with
tuberculosis in the near future, he
Soviet inflience Too
Great for Diplomacy
Asserting that Russian influence
in the zones now occupied by lied
troops has always been colassal, Prof.
Andrev Lobanov-Rostovsky of the
history department told the Adult
Education Institute yesterday that
"no diplomatic pressure" will force
Prof. Lobanov-Rostovsky pre-
dicted that the Russians will pro-
tiably go no further than the zones
already occupied. Calling attention
to indications that Communism is
no longer so violently in effect
within Russia, he said that Com-
munism wil arise independently of
Russia in France, Italy, and like
areas. "Communism breeds in
misery," he said,
"In Europe today there are cross-
cuiirrents," pro-Communist and anti-
Communist, he said. 'There is danger
that this situation may lead to anar-
chy, Prof. Lobanov-Rostovsky stated,
Pointing to the distinctio~n be-
tween the 1918-type Communism
rising in the West and the version of
Communism in Russia today, he said
that the antidote to Communism is
"stability, order and peace."
It was like old home week on State
St. yesterday for students from the
It couldn't have been noisier on
Madison Avenue, one woman student
was heard to say, as city police and
their helpers drowned out the sound
of everything else with power drills,
preparing to install the city's new
DEAN HAYWARD KENISTON ...
Reveals Admissions Policy
of continuing faculty, classroom and
laboratory shortages. He added:
"Some students will not be able to
take all the courses - particularly in
the sciences - that they would like
Reierating his earlier prediction
that the University "will continue
to be crowded for many years to
come," Dean Heniston reported that
the Veterans Administration an-
ticipates that the peak college en-
rollment will not he reached until
"And all this," he pointed out, "does
not take into consideration the new
enrollment demands which will arise
if the drafting of 'teen age youths is
Praising the performance of vet-
eran students, Dean Keniston de-
clared that "the question of ade-
quate maturity and motivation of
college students is coming to the
fore because veterans, who posses
both, are making such excellent
He reported that veterans "here
and elsewhere" are doing better col-
lege work now than they did before
the war, and added:
"Perhaps we should conclude that
a great many high school students
would profit from staying out of
school for a year or two before en-
A recommendation that Richard
Cortright be given another trial for
alleged voting illegalities in the re-
cent Student Congress election was
approved last night by the executive
cabinet of the Congress.
Cortright was disqualified as a
member of the Congress by the Men's
Judiciary Council last Thursday, fol-
lowing an investigation questioning
his alleged use of2 other students'
identification cards in the election.
After hearing charges by Roy D.
Boucher, 47L, that the trial was un-
fair, the Cabinet voted to recommend
that the Congress conduct another
For 13 1 2Months
Less Wheat for Meat,
Bread; None for Beer
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 14-The gov-
ernment announced today a wheat
program that will mean continued
skimping on bread, meat, beer and
whiskey for the next 13%12 months to
help feed hungry people abroad.
Furthermore, the bread will con-
tinue to be "dark" and it may come
in smaller loaves.
Previously the government had
hoped to lift the restrictions on
wheat, flour, etc., this summer after
the 1946 wheat crop is harvested. To-
day's announcement means that the
curbs will not be abolished before the
summer of 1947, unless there is
another change in the situation.
Secretary of Agriculture Anderson
said the plan might be changed later.
But at the moment, he said, it "is
regarded as necessary to insure the
most effective distribution and use
of the 1946 crop, in meeting both
domestic and foreign needs."
Will Provide Less Wheat
The way it sizes up, the program
will provide considerably less wheat
for food for the American dinner
table during the 12 months beginning
July 1, 1946, as compared with the
year that began July 1, 1945. It will
provide about half as much wheat for
feeding to livestock - that means
less meat - and none at all for brew-
ing and distilling.
Officials have said that heavy feed-
ing of wheat to stock was chiefly re-
sponsible for bringing on an acute
shortage of the grain.
Exports To Drop
Even with the slashes in domestic
consumption, Anderson figured that
exports of wheat to famine areas will
drop from around 400,000,000 to 250,-
To make sure of getting the 250,-
000,000, the government will requisi-
tion a fourth of all the wheat that
producers deliver to elevators or com-
mercial buyers. When the new con-
trol will go into effect has not been
Every sorority house on campus
observed famine-day yesterday, ac-
cording to a report which was made
at a meeting of the Famine Commit-
tee steering committee.
In addition to the 18 sororities, all
five cooperative houses and six fra-
ternity houses followed famine-day
diets. Owens Cooperative House re-
ported that it is putting its savings
from food purchases on famine-day
into a fund which it will turn over
to a campus relief drive which is
being planned by Michigan Chris-
Victor Baum and Karl Kaufman
were named to represent the Famine
Committee on the newly-organized
local Famine Emergency Committee
with which the campus group will
coordinate its activities.
A general meeting of all delegates
to the Famine Committee will be
held at 4:30 p.m. tomorrow in Lane
Hall. Bruce Cooke, committee chair-
man, has asked that all residences,
guilds, and other interested groups
have representatives at the meeting.
4eAK . :>..w .dv.""..".1.^SY..t" .. ,.. .." . .'. ."."."w" .u.)v"""""" " "LwV4 G . 1
TOP ALLIED COMMANDERS TOGETHER-Gen. Douglas MacArthur
(left), supreme allied commander in the Pacific, and Gen. Dwight D.
Eisenhower, former supreme allied commander in Europe, met at Tokyo
May 10, for the first time since 1939 when Gen. Eisenhower was a lieu-
tenant colonel on Gen. MacArthur's staff. Eisenhower, now army chief
of staff, is in Tokyo on tour of army bases in Pacific.
WORLD NEWS ROUND-UP:
Rail Men Resume Negotiations
Atruman1's Personal Request
WASHINGTON, May 14-(1--In an effort to avert a tie-up of the
nation's railroads schedule to begin Saturday, President Truman today
intervened personally and got both sides to resume negotiations.
The action did not mean that 250,000 trainmen and engineers had
abandoned their plans to walk out this week-end but it did revive officials'
hopes that a settlement would be reached before then.
iyrnes Proposes Conference Adjorn®...,
PARIS, May 14-P)-U. S. Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
proposed tonight that the four-power conference of foreign ministers
adjourn until June 15, trying meanwhile to reconcile its differences, and
that the 21-nation peace conference be convoked at once for July 1 or 15.
Lewis Demands Health Fund Control..
WASHINGTON, May 14-(/P)-John L. Lewis demanded for his United
Mine Workers today the sole management of a health and welfare fund
built on a 7 per cent payroll levy and vowed he would negotiate no contract
"now or later, that does not provide such a fund."
Thus it apeared likely that no new contract would be reached by tot
morrow, as urged by President Truman.
* * * *
Senators Propose Pro-Labor Move...
WASHINGTON, May 14-(IP)-Senate opponents of swift labor con-
trol legislation brought out unexpectedly today a counter proposal for
investigation of the causes of strikes and industrial disputes.
After a meeting of 16 senators, Senator Murray (D-Mont.) told
reporters it was the consesus that Senate action on labor should be de-
layed until such an investigation is made. He added in response to ques-
tions that he saw no prospect that the Senate, having taken up labor
legislation, would drop it without enacting some bill.
* * * 4
Comntittee Passes Vet t llo s ...
LANSING, May 14-(/P)-A special legislative committee decided today
that the more than 600,000 Michigan veterans of World War II should be
paid a cash bonus for their services.
Size of the payment and how it should be financed were left open pend-
ing study of the state's financial structure and other statistics.
Tag Day Sale Nets Airlines To Resume
$2,574 for Camp Service y
WASHINGTON, May 14-(/P)-T--he
Surpassing all past collections,
yesterday's Fresh Air Camp tag civil aeronautics board announced to-
sale netted $2,574.84 from campus day withdrawal of its orders sus-
and town solicitation alone. pending service by seven airlines due
With the bulk of private con- to the wartime shortage of aircraft.
tributions still outstanding, more Among the cities involved are Ann
than $400 from local groups and Arbor, Jackson and Kalamazoo,
merchants has been tabulated.
served by American Airlines.
For 45 Days
Truman Accepts Six
Hours Before Deadline
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 14-President
Truman affixed a reluctant signature
tonight to a stop-gap bill extending
the draft until July 1 but banning
the induction of fathers and youths
18 and 19 years old.
Confronted with the alternatives
of accepting the amendments or let-
ting the whole war time selective
service law expire at midnight, the
President chose "the lesser of two
evils," as'his secretary put it.
A 'Bad Bill'
The secretary, Charles G. Ross, told
reporters that th President regard-
Ad it as a "bad bill." It was passed
because the two houses of congress
were unable to get together in time
)n a longer extension.
Less than six hours before the mid-
night deadline, the Senate agreed to
the House restrictions on inductions,
and Senate secretary Leslie Biffle
sped the measure to the White House.
There Secretary Ross informed
"The President doesn't like it at all,
but feels, as some of his officials do,
that it will be better to sign it than
have confusion that will result from
failure to continue a legislative sup-
port for armed force inductions."
Teen-Age Draft Halted
Selective Service announced that
its present ban on the induction of
men 26 and over will be continued,
despite the fact that the act as re-
newed permits the drafting of men
through age 29.
In a telegram to state draft direc-
tors the agency also formally halted
the induction of 'teen age youths. It
said, however, that men 18 and 19 still
will be required to register.
The purpose of the Reconstruc-
tionist Movement is "to give Jews
courage to live as Jews" by teaching
Ahem "to want and welcome one
another," Dr. Mordecai Kaplan,
founder of the movement, explained
in a talk here last night.
"It has never been so hard to be
a Jew as it is today," he said. How-
ever, Dr. Kaplan pointed out that
"It has never been so hard to be
human as it is today."
Effects of Nationalism
After a historical description of the
factors contributing to the present
situation of world Jewery, Dr. Kap-
lan said that since modern competi-
tive, geographic nationalism has made
it impossible for Jews to live in Eur-
ope, all who are not prejudiced by
wishful thinking must see that the
only salvation for Europe's Jews is
exodus." This exodus, he continued,
must be chiefly to Palestine which
must be a Jewish homeland.
Although nationalism in this coun-
try is of a different nature, in his
opinion, and has not produced results
as drastic for Jews as in Europe,
Dr. Kaplan said that it has resulted
in making Jews afraid to be Jews,
to deprive them of economic security
and to give them a feeling of not-
Self-Emancipation from Fears
"We must emancipate ourselves
from those fears," he said. The Re-
constructionist program aims to do
this by providing new conditions pre-
requisite to maintenance of Jewish
"peoplehood, way-of-life, and relig-
Dr. Kaplan's talk was presented
under the auspices of the B'nai B'rith
Hillel Foundation, the local B'nai
B'rith lodge and the Student Relig-
Chicago Professor Will
Lecture on Civil Service
ANNUAL SPRING MUSICALE:
University Band Will Present Concert Tomorrow
The University Concert Band, di-
rected by Prof. William D. Revelli,
will present its annual spring con-
cert at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow in Hill
Joseph Skrysnski will appear as
trombone soloist with the band in
of three girls, Mary Kelly, of Mc-
Cook, Nebraska has had extensive
solo experience in the West and is
the winner of a national champion-
The other members of the trio.
A highlight of the program will
be the closing number, "Michigan
Fantasy" arranged by Don Chown,
former business manager of the
band. The work is a fantasy of
some of the more nonular of the
bers, 27 women and 68 men. Until
Prof. ReveThi took over band work
at the University, women were denied
membership in the University bands,
and the marching band is still re-
served for male students.
ranged by Lionel Barrymore, whose
ability as a musician is little known,
and an arrangement of "Jamaican
Rumba" by Benjamin which was first
performed by the Army Air Force
Band in England in 1945.