THE MIC>WiGAN D~AILY
S ATTTRflA~ MAROU 9. 1948
l Fiy.iga ay
If i ySixth Year
IT SO HAPPENS
* "Hey, Boy, A Rewrite on lrowining"
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Robert Goldman. . . . . . . . . .. City
Halo Champion... . . . . . Editorial D
Emily E. Knapp . . . . . . Associate
Pat Cameron . . . . . . . . . Associate
Clerk Baker........... ......Sports
Des Howarth . . . . . . Associate Sports
Ann Schutz . . . . . . . . . . Women's
Dona Guimaraes . . . . Associate Women's
D~orothy Flint .. ..........Business Manager
Joy Altman .. . . . . Associate Business Manager
Evelyn Mills . . . . . Associate Business Manager
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NIGHT EDITOR: BILL BAKER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are writ/en by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
To Winand Lose .. .
SINCE the first United States occupation troops
marched grudgingly into Germany, their
crusade to purge German politics of Nazi party
members has been ill-starred. A parallel effort to
reeducate the Germans along enlightened lines
has increasingly appeared fruitless. After nine
months, the United States military government,
despairing at the magnitude of its task, has just
about given up the ghost on both projects.
From the beginning the progress of American
administrators in German denazification and re-
education has been hampered by our uncertain
aims in Germany. Chief obstacles have been
America's almost frantic effort to get out of Ger-
many with all speed, and conflicting schools of
thought on the prosecution of Nazi party mem-
bers. One group in this regard stands for thor-
ough punishment of all Nazis, and another siding
with former General Patton thinks we should
show them "what grand fellows we are."
This week the Americans begged off the
trying task of cleaning out of the German
administration more than eight million for-
mer Nazis. Under a new law each community
will prosecute its own Nazis. Since most
Germans are held to have favored the Nazi
regime until it began to lose the war, it is
highly unlikely the Germans will be very
thorough in their prosecution.
The new law beatifically provides that all per-
sonnel shall be anti-Nazis and anti-militarists of
long standing and shall be devoted to Demo-
cratic ideals. Finding such disciples promises,
however, to rival Diogenes' search for an honest
OUR inability to find enough Germans with
clean political backgrounds has virtually
shelved the problem of reeducation. Dana, the
German radio that is to keynote press relations
in the American zone, is due to be turned over
to the Germans at month's end. We still are
searching for politically clean Germans to man
In June all plans to woo the Germans away
from nationalism Andmilitarism will cease. From
then on, according to the New York Times, "it
will be pretty much up to the Germans to re-
educate themselves." It is, of course, unlikely
that they will be very successful.
A white hope is the recent addition to the state
department of an information army-which has
as yet outlined no program for Germany.
This breakdown in our occupation work in
Germany seems now almost past repair. Its
failure mirrors the lack of a clearly-framed and
well-administered policy. If we had been really
determined to erase Nazism, if we were able to
agree on who could not hold office and to take
the time, men, money and vigilance to denazify
and reeducate, it is conceivable we might have
done the job. But with a regrettable admin-
istrative sleaziness, we have allowed the political
and intellectual rehabilitation of Germany to go
Deserving .. .
IT is reported that Harold D. Smith, federal
budget director, will be appointed by President
Truman to head the council of three economic
advisers who will carry out the provisions of the
recently passed full employment law.
Smith, who formerly directed the Univer-
MY LAST ALLY
That's my last ally painted on the wall
Looking a bit hurt today. I call
That piece a ripe one now; Fra Capital's hands,
Worked busily a day, and there she stands.
Will't please you look at her? I said
Fra Capital by design, for never read
"Friends" like you that pictured countenance,
The blight and hunger of its feigning glance,
But to myself they turned (since none has yet
Had such as my offer I bet)
And seemed as they would ask me, if they durst,
How such a hate came there; so, not the first
Are you to turn and ask thus. Sir 'twas not
My presence only, called that spot
Of ire into the Ally's cheek; perhaps
Fra Capital chanced to say Her finger laps
Over my ally's coast too much, or 'Force
Must never hope to over-run the course
Set down by natural boundary:' Such stuff
Interfered, she thought, and cause enough
For calling up that spot of ire. She has
A heart-how shall I say?-too soon made glad
Too easily impressed; she liked whate'er
She looked on, and her looks went everywhere.
Sir, 'twas all one! My soldiers at her breast
The dropping of daylight in the West,
The stock of booty some officious beast
Left in vanquished lands for her, the East
Ports that face the enemy-all enhance
And draw from her alike the second glance,
Or nod at least. She fought hard-good! But
Somehow-I know not how-as if she ranked
My gift of a well-trained troop
With anybody's gift? Who's so meek to stoop
This sort of aggressing? And if you had skill
In speech-(which I HAVE got) -to make your
Quite clear to such a one, and say, 'Just this
Or that in you disgusts me; here you miss
Or that exceeds the mark'-she will not let
Herself be lessoned so, but plainly set
Her wits to yours, forsooth and make excuse
Then, there is some stooping; and I choose
Never to stoop. Oh sir, she smiles, no doubt,
When e'er I pass her; but who passes without
Doubting the smile? This grows; I give
Then all raids will stop together. There she
About to grab. Will't please you join: We'll
On land and sea then. I repeat,
The Uncle, your master's, known munificence
Is ample warrant that no just intents
Of mine for loans will be disallowed
Though a fair deal for all as I avowed
At a starting is my object. Nay, we'll go
Together on sir! Note my far-flung lands
Keeping me oiled and fed, not thought a rarity,
Which favored warriors once cast in hold for
*A town in east Missouri
Hold That Hamburger .. .
THE March Reader's Digesu brings this one to
light-the want-ad quoted from that other
Ann Arbor daily:
"WANTED: Meat cutter. Experience neces-
sary. Apply Room 1022, University Hospital."
Those are our boys..
More Heads, Please .
THIS item is printed in the interests of those
among us who have passed the hoary, ripe,
beer-consuming age of 21. A legalist from the
other side of State Street slipped us the good
word in the full flush of a celebration following
his successful conclusion of a six bit suit against
Greenbond cleaners. Says a Circuit Court judge
elsewhere in this fair state, it is discrimination
against an age group to ask that those between
21 and 26 be required to produce a liquor ident
card not needed by other citizens. He who so
demands may be sued.
That, friends and fellow whilers away of the
long hours, makes the local method of deter-
mining legal beer-buyers about as foolproof as
the Volstead Act.
No Comment . .
THE Associated Press reports that the.Southern
Association of Dairy Goat Owners and Breed-
ers views with alarm the proposal to put 300
goats on the various ships to be used in the forth-
coming Bikini atom-bomb test.
The militant goat gentlemen are even going
so far as to send a protest in writing to Congress.
Goats, they say, are scarce, and what's more a
good goat is worth a lot more than the average
(The Editorial Director is responsible for All items
appearing in this column.)
This week in a test vote the House rejected
the $600,000,000 subsidy angle of the Patman
Housing bill, conspicuously ignoring tremendous
Newsmen who watched the representatives
file by the clerk during the voting procedure
report that not one Republican cast his vote in
favor of the subsidy. Members of the Grand
Old Party were joined by twenty or twenty-
five Democrats, mostly Southerners, in defeat-
ing the measure. Personal telegrams asking
support of the bill were sent to the 239 Demo-
crats by party chairman Robert lannegan
yet 140 Democratic representatives chose to
absent themselves from the balloting.
A few weeks ago the heart of what was once.
called the "full-employment" bill was removed
by House surgeons in the same way.
Therein lies one of the gravest defects of our
system of separation of powers. Under the par-
liamentary arrangement, used by most of the
other democracies, the defeat of a measure which
the administration considers so essential to the
health of the country would also result in the de-
feat of that administration. The theory behind
such a move being simply that if the represen-
tatives of the people disagree with the more im-
portant features of the government's program,
it is logical that a new government should be
We would never be guilty of hiring a car-
penter to rebuild our house, and then follow
by refusing him access to the tools he deems
recessary for the job. Yet this is precisely the
procedure we follow when we allow our repre-
sentatives in Congress to tie the hands of the
administrators we have selected to rebuild our
We find it hard to retain faith in a Congress
which attacks the myriad problems confronting
us with the weak legislation of compromise.
Good Question .. .
PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S westward jaunt with
Mr. Churchill is very hard to account for;
many commentators are dazed that he should
have chosen to sit on the platform during the
ex-Prime Minister's attack on an allied power.
It is felt that, even though Mr. Truman may
have agreed with Mr. Churchill, his bargaining
position would have been stronger if he had
stayed away, and had watched the reaction, and
had let the Russians guess how his sympathies
stood. But that odd westward jaunt, and its at-
tendant hoorah, must have been a fine break from
the shabby realities of strike and shortage. The
fact that Mr. Truman so cheerfully and blithely
made the journey shows that he is not a con-
spirator; but it shows, also, the special pull of
this issue; and to say that is not to detract from
Mr. T uman's human qualities.
Russia has been, ever since the Communist
Revolution, the chief of the world's concerns; and
yet during most of that period she has been the
least of the world's problems; in a sense, the
concern has been the problem, for it was on the
basis of the West's concern that Hitler rose to
power. Our 29-year-old concern now embarks
on a new career, and what the fruit of it shall
be, no man can say. But in the case of an issue
so vast we are entitled to judge, not only the
merits of the arguments, but what might be called
the magnetic influence of the question itself,
and the degree to which it affects our compasses,
and the instruments by which we guide our
actions. n-from Samuel Grafton
By DREW PEARSON
W ASHINGTON-Winston Church-
ill's magnetic voice coming over
the air waves from Fulton, Mo.,
touched off interesting reminiscences
on the part of insiders who sat with
Churchill and FDR during dark war
The reminiscences pertained to how
Churchill's Anglo-American alliance
werked out when he was at the head
of the British Empire and in a posi-
tion to make it work. Here are some
of the reminiscences:
When FDR and Winston arrived in
Cairo in 1943, they discovered that no
one had remembered to meet Chiang
Kai-Shek at the airport. This was
not Roosevelt's or Churchill's fault,
because they arrived afterward. But
Rcosevelt, wanting to make amends
for the oversight, called on Chiang at
his hotel and told him of ambitious
American plans to reopen the Burma
Road and send supplies to China.
Next day, however, Churchill ve-
toed the Burma Road-much to Chi-
ang Kai-Shek's chagrin.
Rcosevelt, wanting to compensate
for this, later proposed that the Brit-
ish return Hongkong to China and
that China then turn it over to the
United Nations as a freed port fortall
the world to use. Chiang Kai-Shek
glowed with pleasure. But Churchill
"I was not made prime minister of
England," he said, "to liquidate the
After that, it took all Roosevelt's
p rsuasive charm to keep Chiang
from bolting the Cairo conference.
NOTE-The British still keep
Hongkong and not even the Labor
Government has made any move to
Second Front . . .
At Casablanca in 1943, the question
of a cross-channel invasion of France
was discussed by Roosevelt and
Churchill. The U. S. General Staff
wanted it. The British didn't. Finally,
Churchill said that if a second front
was undertaken, the British Army
could supply only 30 per cent of the
invasion force, saddling the Ameri-
can army with 70 per cent of the bur-
"We cannot squander the seed of
the Empire," Churchill argued.
The man who most vigorously op-
posed the Prime Minister regarding
this was Gen. Al Wedemeyer, then
head of the General Staff's War Plans
Division. He maintained that a 30-70
troop ratio would mean that no sec-
ond front could be started for at least
one year and that the war would be
prolonged unnecessarily. It would
take at least a year to transport the
required U. S. troops across the At-
lantic, Wedemeyer argued, whereas
the British already had a sizeable
army in England which could be used
for a second front if they would go
in on a ratio of 50-50.
Churchill, however, stood pat.
He was very irate with General
Wedemeyer, however, and later sug-
gested to FDR that Lord Louis
Mountbatten needed an expert Amer-
ican liaison officer for his campaign
in India. He specifically asked that
Wedemeyer be attached to Mount-
batten. Wedemeyer had spent sev-
eral years in Germany, knew German
tactics, did not know the Far East.
Despite that, Churchill got him trans-
ferred to India.
The second front was started a
year and a half later with a ratio
of 70 per cent American troops to 30
per cent British.
Ottfwa . .
At the Ottawa Conference between
Churchill and FDR, General Mar-
shall clashed with Sir Alan Brooke,
British Chief of Staff, regarding Far
Eastern operations. Marshall de-
manded faster action by the British
in the India-Burma theater, was most
impatient oversBritish delays. Sir
Alan Brooke resented this.
After Ottawa, Churchill accompan-
ied Roosevelt back to Washington,
camped in the White House and
adroitly suggested to FDR that, in
view of the coming second front, the
Allies needed a man of General Mar-'
shall's stature as Allied commander.:
Of course, as European commander,
Marshall would have nothing fur-
ther to say about the India-Burma
Theater or any other part of the war
,-save Europe. At first FDR con-
sented. But when this leaked to the
press, the furore was so critical that
the decision was reversed.
When William Philipps, special
ambassador to India, gave Roosevelt
an urgent warning that trouble was
due in India unless the British prom-
ised dominion status immediately,
FDR finally sat down with Churchill
to talk it over.
But the Prime Minister wanted no
advice from anyone-not even an ally.
Pounding on the desk, he insisted
that not one knew how to handle In-
dia except the British. "Blood will
flow," he shouted, if there is Ameri-
Letters to the Editor
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
To the Editor:
Maybe I'm wrong. I don't know, but
here's something which gripes ne no
end. I called the Union the other
day to reserve a room for my parents
in June, since they are coming out at
that time to attend my graduation. I
was informed that only life mem-
bers of the Union were permitted to
reserve a room at that time, since
there is to be a reunion in June. I had
been under the impression that the
Union and its facilities were primar-
ily for the use of the students. but I
Next I called the League, where I
received the same reply. At this point
I was rather hot under the collar, toj
say the least. As a last resort I con-
tacted the only half-way decent hotel
in town and of course the story there
was that they were completely sold
out for graduation week.
Students, is it fair? Must we out-
of state students be forced to have
our parents stay at a tourist home or
even in Detroit when they come out
to see us graduate, while the Un-
ion and tile League are completely
occupied by alumni? After all, we
graduate but once, and therefore con-
sider it a rather important event in
our lives. while a mere reunion is not
near so significant an event.
It all boils down to one question,
and that is: In the sight of the Uni-
versity, who is more important---the
alumni or the present student body?
I believe, and I think you do also, that
the interests of the students deserve
priority. Then what about the situa-
tion at the Union and the League
during graduation week? Let's do
something about it!
--Rowland U. Westervelt
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. i. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
SATURDAY, MARCH 9,
VOL. LVI, No. 83
Try This One...
S UPPOSE you are a Russian in 1946.
And the former leader of a great democracy
invites another great democracy to form a vir-
tual military alliance, because "nobody knows
what Soviet Russia and its Communist inter-
national organization intends to do . . . or what
are the limits ... to their expansive tendencies."
Then, suppose this same leader insists that the
proposed military alliances is in no way incon-
sistent with the principles of the UNO-in fact,
is the only means for making that organization
Frankly, now, if you are a Russian and all
this is going on, would you be inclined to
believe that your "friends" in the family of
nations were sincere?
We are not trying to imply that there is no
reason to be concerned over what is going on
in Iran, Manchuria and the Balkans. What
any nation does is the concern of every other
nation. We learned that lesson the hard way.
NOR are we advocating a policy of appease-
ment in dealing with other nations. It is
right that we should "get tough," but the latter
policy can be carried to as disastrous extremes
is the former.
We do not believe that military alliances
can do anything but jeopardize the peace.
The United Nations Organization was estab-
lished because the world realized that the
old balance of power formula is no security.
If nations try to resolve their differences
outside the UNO, as Mr. Churchill proposes
to do, international cooperation will become
a myth and the world will be broken up into
armed camps again.
Or has Mr. Churchill given up hope for UNO?
Certainly, the UNO is an imperfect instru-
ment, particularly in regard to the veto power
of the Big Five nations. Yet, merely because it
is imperfect is no reason why the UNO should
be abandoned. Mr. Churchill, in proposing a mili-
tary alliance specifically aimed at resisting Rus-
sia, is not only headed in the wrong direction
but is weakening the one instrument which offers
any hope for security-in fact, for the preserva-
tion of the human race.
-Clayton L. Dickey
As soon as Mr. O'Malley, my Fairy Godfather,
Sunday Library Service: On all
Sundays during the Spring Term, be-
ginning March 10, the Main Reading
Room and the Periodical Room of the
General Library will be kept open
from 2 p.m. to 9 p.m.
Books from the other parts of the
building which are needed for Sunday
use will be made available in the Main
Reading Room if requests are made
on Saturday of an assistant in the
reading room where the books are
The University Automobile Regula-
tion will be lifted for the following
groups during the periods indicated:
Sophomore Medical students-from
12:00 noon on March 9, to 8:00 a.m.
on April 8.
Freshman Medical students-from
12:00 noon on March 9, to 8:00 a.m.
on March 18.
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For
estry, Music and Public Health. Stu-
dents who received marks I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by April 4. Students wishing an ex-
tension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should file
a petition addressed to the appropri-
ate official in their school with Room
4, University Hall, where it will be
Student, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts:
Applications for scholarships
should be made before April 1. Appli-
cation forms may be obtained at 1220
Angell Hall and should be filed at
Choral Union Members whose at-
tendance records are clear, please call
for their pass courtesy pass tickets
for the Detroit Symphony Orchestra
concert on the day of the perform-
ance Monday, March 11, between 9:30
and 11:30 and 1 and 4. After 4 o'clock
no passes will be issued.
Miss Gladys Potter, Acting Director
of Elementary Schools, Long Beach,
California will be in Ann Arbor on
Thursday afternoon, March 14, to in-
terview persons who would be inter-
ested in teaching in California 1946-
47. Although Miss Potter is chiefly
interested in elementary teachers,
she would be glad to talk with others
who may be interested in the Long
Beach schools. Call Miss Briggs at
the Bureau of Appointments for a
conference with Miss Potter.
Dr. John P. Fox, President of the
Punahou School in Honolulu will be:
in Michigan some time the latter part
of March. Persons who are interested
in teaching positions in Hawaii can
secure complete information from the
Bureau of Appointments. Positions
are open in many fields: elementary.
industrial arts, mathematics, social
studies, general science, history, typ-
ing, art, home economics, biology,
speech, guidance, library science,
nursing, physical education, music.
Salaries are excellent and living con-
Teachers who may wish appoint-
ments in the Toledo,rOhio, public
schools can get full information as to
examinations at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments. Examinations will be
given on Saturday, April 13 in Scott
High School, Toledo to those persons
whose credentials are sent to the Su-
perintendent of Schools prior to April
Women students earning their ex-
penses by living and working in pri-
vate homes are requested to notify the
Office of the Dean of Women imme-
City of Detroit Civil Service nn-
6) Technical Aid (Male & Female)
Closing date is April 5,
For further information, call at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
"Slide rules, polyphase, with leath-
er cases are available at $3.50 each,
cash, or on Veterans' textbook order,
in Room 2028 East Engineering Build-
All students who are registered with
the= Bureau of Appointments are re-
minded to come in to the Bureau, 201
Mason Hall, and bring their sched-
ule of classes and change of address
or phone up-to-date.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer
tificate for June: Please call at the
office of the School of Education,
1437 University Elementary School,
an Wednesday or Thursday afternoon,
March 13 or 14, between 1:30 and
4:30 to take the teacher's oath. This
is a requirement for the certificate.
Graduate Students planning to
take the Graduate Record Examina-
tion are notified that this examina-
tion will be given in two sessions,
March 13 and 14, at 6:45 p.m.
Students taking the examination
who have not paid the $3.00 examina-
tion fee should pay at the Cashier's
Office and bring the fee stub to the
Graduate School Office. Veterans'
purchase of the examination has been
authorized by the Veterans' Admin-
istration and veterans can receive
approval for the remission of the fee
at the Graduate School.
The examination is required of all
new students and of former students
History 12, Section 5a, TuTh, 3:00
p.m., will meet in Room 216, Haven
[fall, instead of in Room E, Haven
History 11, Lecture Group IV,
TuTh, 11:00, will meet in Room 348,
Engineering Building, instead of in
Room C, Haven Hall.
History 12. New sections. Note
Section 3a, TuTh, 11:00, 1018 A H.
changed from 231 A H.
Section 4a, MF, 1:00, 229 A H.
Section 10a, TuTh, 1:00, 229 A H
Section la, MF, 1:00 Rm. E, H H.
Section 12a, TuTh, 10:00, 2003 N S.
Section 17, MF, 1:00, 2003 N S.
History 12, Section 13, MF, 9:00
;hanged from Room 101, Econ. Bldg.,
Wo Room 4082 N S.
History 50, Lecture, TuTh, 10:00
will meet in Room 1025 A H. instead
7f in Room B, Haven Hall.
History 50, Section 8, Th, 2:00,
Room 229 A H.
Scandinavian 52 will meet in 2042
Natural Science Building, hereafter.
The Detroit Symphony Orchestra,
Karl Krueger, Conductor, will give
the tenth program in the Choral Un-
ion Concert Series, Monday night,
March 11, at 8:30, in Hill Auditorium,
Dr. Krueger has arranged the follow-
Symphony in C major, No. 31
"L Mer"............... . . .Debussy
Overture, "Fingal's Cave".....
Excerpts from "The Tempest"
. . Sibelius
"Death and Transfiguration".
.......... . ........... Strauss
Student Recital: Grace Huddle
Lookhoff, soprano, will present a re-
cital in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of Master
of Music at 8:30 p.m., Sunday, March
10, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
She is a student of voice with Arthur
Hackett, and a member of Mu Phi
The general public is invited.
Varsity Glee Club: Full concert re-
hearsal, Sunday, 3:00 sharp.
Michigan Christian Fellowship is
holding its regular Sunday afternoon
meeting at Lane Hall on March 10,
with Dr .Francis Steel. Staff Member
By Crockett Johnson
Here's the J. J. O'Malley check,I