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May 02, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-05-02

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See Page 4





VOL. LVI, NO. 129










Byrnes Asks Reduction of Occupation Forces

Of Austria,
Italy Urged
Proposals 1#e
At Paris Parley
By The Associated Press
PARIS, May 1 - U. S. Secretary
of State James F. Byrnes urged the
foreign ministers conference today
to reduce Allied occupation forces in
Austria immediately and to plan si-
multaneous Allied evacuation o both
Italy and Austria, a qualified con-
ference source reported.
Byrnes asked that occupation gar-
risons be limited to 15,000 troops in
each Austrian zone, and that their
complete evacuation later coincide
with the withdrawal of troops from
Italy, this source said.
Discuss Italian Peace
The proposals were made during
a discussion of the Italian peace
treaty. Byrnes said that so long as
American troops remained in Aus-
tria, they would have to be main-
tained in Italy to protect supply
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyache-
slav M. Molotov, presiding, ruled that
the matter of Austrian occupation
could not be discussed in connection
with the Italian treaty. Informants
reported Molotov said the question
should be raised if and when they
examine the Austrian settlement.
Thus far Russia has opposed United
States proposals to add Austrian
problems to the conference agenda.
Molotov Disagrees
Byrnes and Molotov- disagreed
when Byrnes proposed a general
over-all political-military commis-
sion with subcommittees to supervise
imposition of the Italian peace trea-
ty terms.
The inistrs were reported to
have rejected Austria's bid for the
return of the South Tyro, ceded to
Italy after the first World War.
This was adjudged a major fron-
tier rectification, inform nts said,
and the council of foreign ministers
last September had decided against
any but minor adjustments in the
Austrian frontier.
Ending their first week of work
on treaties with Italy, the Balkans
and Finland, the foreign ministers
were reported ready to take up to-
morrow remaining points of differ-
ence with regard to the Italian set-
Students To
Discuss Food
Saving Plans
Delegates from student residences
and organizatios will meet at 4:30
p.m. today in Lane Hall to discuss
proposals for saving food and for
helping with European relief.
All dormitories, League houses, so-
rorities, fraternities and interested
organizations have been asked by
Joyce Siegan, president of the Stu-
dent Religious Association, to decide
upon instructions for their represen-
tatives. Delegates will discuss and
coordinate suggestions at the meet-
Plans already submitted include
conservation policies such as the
elimination of bread from lunch and
dinner menus and active backing of
existing relief agencies such as the
one which sends cattle to European
The Student Religious Association
will sponsor the movement, Miss Sie-

gan said, until the next student gov-
ernment -is sufficiently organized to
do so.
Transfer of Airport
Still Pending-Briggs
The Associated Press quoted Uni-
versity vice-president Robert P.
Briggs in Washington yesterday as
saying that "nothing has crystal-
lized" in the University negotiations
for acquisition of Willow Run

Inquiry Committee's Report
Arouses Protest of Jews, Arabs
Anglo-American Policy Asks Immigration
Into Palestine, Disbanding of Illegal Armies
By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 1-Britain bid today for United States military and fi-
test over the British-American inquiry committee report threatened to erupt
in violence.
Jews and Arabs alike assailed the report, and Jerusalem dispatches said
Arabs in Palestine proclaimed a symbolic general strike for Friday in pro-
test, urging neighboring Arab states to join them.
The Arab higher committee sent cables to Washington and London re-
pudiating the report and reiterating demands for an independent Palestine,
a dispatch said.
Britain Questions U. S.

the United States, Great Britain, Russia and France sit at round table
in Salon Vicor Rugo in Luxembourg Palace, Paris, at opening session of
foreign mninisters' conference. Left, at table (profile) Gladwyn Jess,
Great Britain; and clockwise:. Russian Foreign Minister Vyacheslav
Molotov; V. N. Pvlov, Russian interpreter; Fydor Gusev, USSR; James
New Students To Pay
'Acceptance Fee 'inFall
Deposit To Be Deducted fmorn Tuition Sum;
Will Enable 'U' 'To Eslimate Enrollment

C, Dunn, U.S.; Sen. Tom Connally, U.S.; U.S. Secretary of State James
F. Byrnes; Charles E. Bohlen, U.S.; U.S. Sen. Arthur Vandenberg; Rene
Massigli, France; Rene Couve de Murville, France; Georges Bidault (top
of head showing) France; Gen. Georges Catroux, France; Herve Alph-
and, France; Alfred Duff Cooper, Great Britain; Oliver C. Harvey,
Great Britain; and British Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin.
University Delegates Praise
Foreign Student Conference

( }

The University look its first step
toward meeting enrollment demands
for the fall semester yesterday as
Herbert G. Watkins, secretary of the
Board of Regents, announced that a
$25 "acceptance deposit" will be
required of all new students.
The deposit will enable the Uni-
versity to estimate its new-student
enrollment with greater, accuracy,
Watkins said.
A University spokesman said that
enrollment estimates have been
"way off" in the past,
The Medical School and the School
of Dentistry are the only units of the
University that have required anl
acceptance deposit in previouis yea rs.
The $25 will be credited toward the
semester fee when the new student
registers, Watkins said, except thatI
refunds will be made to veteransI
whose fees are paid by the govern -
ment and to persons holding scholar-
ships which cover semester fees.
The acceptance deposit will not
be required of students now en-
rolled because of the amount of
"red tape" which would result in
refunding the deposits to thousands
of veterans, The Daily learned.
Under terms of the Regents' new
ruling, payment of the acceptance
deposit will be required within three
weeks after the date on which a
student is notified of his eligibilty to
enter the University.
The $25 "down payment" on the
semester fee must be paid before per-
mission to enroll becomes final.
Watkins said that failure of a
new student to register at the time
stipulated in the admission papers
will result in forfeiture of the de-
posit unless illness, draft call or

other adequate reason is presented
to University officials.
Applications from new students for
admission in the fall must be pre-
sented on or before Aug. 1, and on or
before Dec. 1 for the spring semester.
Exceptions will be made for
veterans discharged after these
dates provided their applications
are filled within a reasonable time
after discharge, Watkins said.
Meanwhile, no information was
forthcoming from University officials
on the estimated total enrollment or
other admission policies for the fall
UN Committee
Meets in Secret
Separate Documents
On Franco Examined
NEW YORK, May 1 - (m) -- The
United Nations Security Council sub-
committee investigating Franco
Spain plunged into a mass of separ-
ate documents on the Spanish ques-
tion today at its first secret meeting.
A communique said most commui-
irations urged recognition of the
Spanish Republican government
"while some advocate that a new re-
gime should be established in Spain
on the basis of a free democratic
Only two telegrams and three let-
ters were indirectly favorable to
Franco. They objected to any inter-
ference in the internal affairs of

Four of the University's delegates
to the Conference on Foreign Stu-
dent Problems and Policies returned
to Ann Arbor last night with the re-
port that the three-day session in
Chicago had been "wholly satisfac-
Dr. Esson M. Gale, counselor of
foreign students and director of the
International Center, remained in
Chicago until today; but Assistant
Dean Walter Emmons of the engin-
eering college, Assistant Dean Peter
Okkleberg of the Graduate School,
Prof. Raymond Wilder, and Robert.
Klinger, assistant counselor to for-
eign students, left immediately after
the conference closed with consider-
ation of the foreign student adviser
yesterday afternoon.
Kerr To Visit
Returning with the delegates wa1
Prof. Donald Kerr, counselor to for-
eign students at Cornell University,
who will visit the University's Inter-
national Center today.
Highlight of the final day of the
conference was a summary of the
proceedings and the report of the
resolutions committee.
Among resolutions adopted by the
Bloom and Fullbright bills, and au-
Mine~ Wokr
H-iedi'ia' Called-
railroads cuirtailing service to con-
serve scarce coat and bituminous
strike negotiations in a snarl, John
L. Lewis today unexpectedly calledl
the 250-man policy committee of the
United Mine Workers to a session
here next Tuesday.
Whether this portended some
change of strategy by the mine union
leader was not disclosed. He care-
fully refrained from public explana-
tion of the move.
The Association of American Rail-
reads reported that most of the car-
riers have reduced local freight runs
from a daily to a thrice-weekly
basis, Class 1 railroads, it was esti-
ma-tcd, have on hand an average coalI
supply for 26 or 27 days but some
have much less. Five railroads, which
the association did not name, report-
ed today that they have only a 10-day
IIlioib Cuts Power
To Conlserve Coal
CHICAGO, May l--UP ---A drastic
nrr-ir irt, imi 1 loin g dnixa ll a 1 et

thorizing the appointment of a del-
egate to convey this endorsement to
the Congressional committees han-
dling these bills.
(The Bloom Bill would provide
funds for a government sponsored
cultural relations program; and the
Fullbright Bill provides that surplus
properties abroad which cannot be
brought back to the U. S. be sold to
the foreign governments, leaving
the funds in those countries, prin-
cipally to finance the study abroad
of American students. Some of the
money also would be used for trans-
portation of foreign students to the
United States.)
Approve Program
The conference also went on rec-
ord as approving in principal the
State Department's cultural relations
program. A plea that these activi-
ties be continued and extended to
other countries will be sent to the
Department and to President Tru-
Recommendation that the sending
of undergraduate, as well as gradu-
ate, foreign students to the United
States be encouraged was also ex-
pressed strongly, along with the hope
that adequalte facilities for intensive
English language study would be set
up as soon as possible,
Permanent Organization
The delegates further agreed up-
on the need for a permanent or-
ganization of foreign student ad-
visers, and expressed the hope that
colleges and universities would allot
funds for counselling, and for sup-
port of the foreign student move-
One of the most peppery of the
remarks addressed to the conference
in its final day is credited to Provost
Monroe E. Deutsch, of the University
of California, who expressed the hope
that undergraduate veterans "will
become aware of the many excellent
smaller institutions in the United
States and will not continue to crowd
a few of the larger institutions."
' - - - - _______________________ - -

In London, Prime Minister Attlee
said Britain wanted to know "to
what extent the United States gov-
ernment would be prepared to share
the resultant military and financial
responsibilities" for administration of
Palestine, which the British inherited
as a League of Nations mandate.
Britain wants to be satisfied,
he told the House of Com-
mons, "that it will not be called upon
to implement a policy which would
involve it single-handed" in "heavy,
immediate and long-term commit-
ments." He said the government
would "get in touch with the govern-
ment of the United States as soon as
Immigration Recommended
The inquiry committee's report
recommended the immediate immi-
gration of 100,000 Jews into Palestine,
and that Palestine should be neither
a Jewish nor an Arab state. British
policy as outlined in the 1939 white
paper has been to permit entry of
about 15,000 Jews annually.
Attlee, expressing some misgivings
over the immigration recommenda-
tion, declared that such large num-
bers of migrant Jews could not be ad-
mitted before "illegal armies have
been disbanded and surrender their
arms." He asked Jews and Arabs
both to disarm.
Arabs Against Proposal
In Cairo, however, Abdul Rahman
Azzam Pasha, secretary general of
the Arab League, said his group
would "take all measures" against the
recommendations, which he said
would "en-courage elements of terror-
ism and continual disturbance" and
"push the peace-loving Arabs to des-
Jewish spokesmen, while welcom-
ing with reservations the 100,000 fig-
ure, strongly criticized the report as
inconsistent and insufficient.
The streets of Palestine's cities,
dispatches said, teemed with rein-
forced troop and police details as
Arab leaders predicted the commit-
tee's recommendations would plunge
the holy land into bloody strife.
US. Opposes
Aid to Palestine
WASHINGTOa, May 1-(lP)-Brt-
ain's suggestion that the United
States give military and financial aid
in preventing violence in Palestine
drew quick opposition today on Capi-
tol Hill, with a possibility it may
hasten creation of a United Nations
agency to govern international terri-
The move to involve this country
directly in the affairs of the Holy
Land cane as a swift aftermath of an
official Anglo-American committee's
recommendations on how to handle
Palestine's problems, including a pro-
posal for immediate immigration of
100,000 European Jews.
Prime Minister Clement Attlee told
Commons that his government, un-
willing to "implement a policy that
would involve it single handed,"
wanted to see how far the United
States will "be prepared to share the
resultant military and financial re-

Taylor Is First
To Be Elected
In Student Poll
Other Election Results
To Be Disclosed Soon
Robert Taylor, one of the framers
of the Congress-Cabinet constitution,
became the first member of Student
Congress last night following a rec-
ord-breaking 4,280 campus vote.
Taylor was the only candidate to
exceed the 205 vote quote necessary
for election on the first count of bal-
lots last night. The complete roster
of the 18 students elected to Congress
may not appear for several days due
to the complicated method of vote-
counting under the Hare system of
proportional representation.
394 Ballots Out
Fred Matthaei, election supervisor,
revealed that 394 ballots were dis-.
qualified after the election due to
improper marking with checks in-
stead of numbers, or to an insuff i-
cient number of choices. The deduc-
tion of these invalid votes left anly
3,886 to be counted toward electing
candidates to Congress.
The counting of votes will con-
tinue by a special committee of stu-
dents under Matthaet's direction un-
til all 18 senators have been chosen.
Ballots will be kept under lock and
key when they are not being tabu-
lated until the election is completed,
he said. Dr. Clark F. Norton of the
political science department is ad-
vising the counters.
Other Candidates
Congressional candidates last night
who appeared on the way to election
were Ray Davis, 162; Terry Whitsitt,
152; Lonis Orlin, 131; Harry Jack-
son, 116; Steve Scourles, 116; Mary
L. Benson, 116 anc Henry Kassis, 106.
No candidates were disqualified by
Men's Judiciary Council for violation
of campaign rules and Council po-
licemen last night said they thought
the election had been run off on a
"fair and square" basis.
Taylor Victory
The election of Taylor was a vic-
tory for backers of the "12 point
program" which called for among
other things the enactment of a rule
empowering the new Congress to del-
egate representatives to all joint stu-
dent-faculty bodies. Whitsitt also
was running on the 12-point slate.
The "action slate" calling for On-
mediate investigation of over-ceilihg
charges on meals to students in its
first plank is upheld by Kassis who
was among the leading contestants
for office last night.
Student Sculpture
On Display Today
More than 20 sculptures, the work
of 14 University students, are on dis-
play today in the concourse of the
In addition to the students' work,
six studies by Prof. Avard Fairbanks
of the Department of Fine Arts are
on exhibition.
The exhibition, the 17th annual
display sponsored by the University
Institute of Fine Arts, is open to
the public.

Jussi BjoerliiigmTo Be Featured
In First May Festival Concert

Doctors Say National Health
Bliil Will Be Hard To Execute

Jussi Boerling, ;wedish tenor, will
be featured soloistin the opening
concert of May Festival at 8:30 p.m.
today in Hill Auditorium..
The Philadelphia Orchestra, con-
ducted by Eugene Ormandy, will open
the Festival with Sibelius' Fifth Sym-
phony, and will play the "Daphnis
and Chloe" Suite No. 2 by Ravel as
the closing number in the first con-

of Rudolpho in Puccinai's "La Bo-
Toured Country
In succeeding seasons he also ap-
peared with the Chicago and San
Francisco Opera companies and
toured in recital from coast to coast,
This is the first time he has been to
the United States since the beginning
of the war,
M;,%,..o S or rnz.s

Debating doctors at the AVC-spon-
sored forum on the National Health
Bill last night in Ann Arbor high
school agreed that the bill's chief
limitation is the difficulty of or-
ganizing its administration.
Dr. Otto Engeike, director of the
Washtenaw County Health Depart-

ministration should be centered more
in the hands of the doctors. "If ev-
eryone contributes to the insurance,
everyone can afford it and everyone
will benefit," he told the audience.
Dr. Englelke, although he spoke
against the bill, said American
docts in ienpraI rein favor of

To o Insists Japan
Fought Righteously
TOKYO, May 1-P)--Ex-Premier
Hideki Tojo, indicted with other war
leaders Monday for "crimes against
peace and against humanity." insist-
ed from his cell today that Japan had
fought a "righteous" war for freedom
and equality of nations,
Tojo declared that if in 1941 Japan,
"as an independentcountrv." nold



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