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May 01, 1946 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-05-01

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Lw .~i~~





Early Results Not
Seen in Student
Congress Election
Voting in the campus Student Congress election will end at 5:15 p.m.
today, but Men's Judiciary Council announced last night that the results
may not be available for several days.
Difficulty in tabulating the ballot scores under the Hare proportional
representation system of voting may delay the final results until the latter
part of the week, the Judiciary Council reported.


100,000 Jews to Palestine'











World Still
Fears Reich
Reason for Continued
Control Is Explained
WASHINGTON, April 30 - (/P) -
Four paralyzing fears that Germany
would again become a great war mak-
ing power were blamed by American
officials today for retarding the re-
turn of real peace to Europe.
They were given as among the
basic, inside reasons why Secretary
of State Byrnes proposed his 25 year,
Big Four agreement for the control
of Germanyrat the Paris foreign min-
isters conference yesterday.
Worked On In State Department
The treaty was worked out at the
State Department over a period of
more than a year beginning before
the European war ended. Because a
separate agreement for securing
peace in Germany appeared to con-
flict with the United Nations security
system, persons familiar with the de-
velopment of the German treaty were
asked to explain why it was consid-
ered necessary.
Their replies, based on conversa-
tion with European diplomatic and
political leaders, indicate a belief that
much of ther difficulty o writing a
workable peace is due to fears, sus-
picions and uncertainties which par-
alyze the ability of peoples to take
constructive action.
Fears Listed
The four fears, according to the
analysis of Byrnes' advisors, are
1. Fear oGi the part of most Euro-
pean countries that the United States
will again withdraw from Europe,
leaving the enforcement of peace
terms on Germany up to the Euro-
peans themselves.
2. Fear by the Russians that the
British would try to build up a pow-
erful new German nation against the
Soviet Union.
3. Fear by the British that the
Russians would gain control of Ger-
many, or much of it, through com-
munization or otherwise, and use it to
spread Soviet influence and wreck
British influence in western Europe.
4. Fear by France of any sort of
German power revival.
Picture Placed
In Daily Office
Prof. Emeritus Edson R. Sunder-
land, the distinguished American jur-
ist who for 25 years helped shape the
growth of The Daily, has been accord-
ed a new tribute by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
The Board has placed Prof. Sun-
derland's picture in th upstairs of-
fice of The Daily in recognition of
his quarter-century of effort which
largely made possible the present
modern Student Publications
His work as business manager and
secretary of the Board in Control
was recalled this week by its present
secretary, Prof. Merwin H. Water-
man. "As a result of his interest and
activity, Prof. Sunderland left stu-
dent publications at the University
one of the finest plants in the
country," Prof. Waterman said.
Prof. Sunderland served on the
Board from 1917 to 1942, retiring with
a testimonial banquet given by editors
of student publications.
At his retirement Prof. Sunderland
was one of the nation's authorities
on legal procedure. Since 1901 he was
a teacher at the University in vari-
ous branches of legal procedure,
court organization, judicial adminis-

tration and pleas and processes.
Willow Run Airport
Turnover Discussed

n Council members who policed the
polls during yesterday's voting said
the election was going smoothly with
a large campus vote apparent. But
they warned of too much local cam-
paigning. Political activity within 50
feet of the polls is prohibited, they
emphasized, and may lead to the dis-
qualification of the candidate.
Must Number Choices
Voters were reminded that they
must indicate choices by number
and not by check mark under the
Hare system and that at least 10 can-
didates must be selected on the ballot
in numerical order. It is not necessary
to vote a straight ticket in the case
of the three slates on the ballot.
The polls will be open today from
8:45 a.m. to 3 p.m. except for Water-
man Gymnasium and the Engineering
Arch which will stay open until 5:15
p.m. to accomodate students with late
classes. Ident cards are required of
all voters.
Polling Places Listed
The polling places arc located in
front of Alumni Memorial Hall, in
the Angell Hall lobby and basement,
center of the diagonal, in front of the
Economics Building, at the Engineer-
ing Arch, Waterman Gymnasium, in
the Medical School and at Hutchins
Hall of the Law School.
Counting of the ballots will begin
tonight by a special committee of ex-
ecutive groups from the Union,
League and Men's Judiciary. Dr. Clark'
F. Norton of the political science de-
partment will stand by at the count-
ing in an advisory capacity.
Turkish Trends
SCussed by
Student Group
The economic, cultural, political,
and future trends of modern Turkey
were discussed by four Turkish grad-
uate students of the University in
the Rackham Amphitheatre last
The program, "Modern Turkey," I
was the first in a series of area stud-'
ies given by the International Stu-
dent Exchange Committee.
Faut Zadil, speaking on Turkish
economy, said that the $500 million
loan that Turkey is trying to nego-
tiate from the United States is nec-
essary for its economic development.
The relative democratic tendencies
of modern Turkey were discussed by
Altemir Tanriovir. Emphasizing the
aspirations of the Turks under a
democratic rule, Turan Mushkara
spoke on Turkey's future. Rostislav
Gaguzevski told of the educational
and cultural developments.
The purpose of the area study ser-
ies is to promote greater understand-
ing of the problems which face the
people of other countries.
A C To Sponsor
Open Fortum Today
The public is invited to the forum
on the Murray-Wagner-Dingell Na-
tional Health Bill sponsored by the
campus American Veterans Commit-
tee chapter, at 7:30 p.m. today in
Ann Arbor high school.
Dr. Otto Engelke of the county
health department will speak against
the bill, and Dr. Sydney Norwick of
the school of public health will de-
fend it. Moderator of the discussion
is Prof. William Haber of the ecdn-
eo-omics department.

Strike Notice
Is Served by
Union Leadei
Crisis May Call
75,000 from Jobs
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 30-Dis
isfied with Secretary of La
Schwellenbach's handling of the
coal strike, a federal conciliator tl
up his job today, while John L. L
flung new demands at the oper
and served notice of a strike of 7
anthracite miners.
The day's rapid developments
duced a new crisis in the coal c
troversy which has rendered 40(
bituminous miners idle since Api
Fuller Resigns
This is what happened:
1. Paul W. Fuller, special con
ator assigned by Schwellenbac
the rubber industry and "borro'
for the bituminous negotiations,
signed, effective tonight. Schwel
bach and Conciliation Chief E
L. Warren urged him to reconside
2. Lewis filed with the Wage
bilization Board notice of a dis
in the anthracite industry which
lead to a strike of his 75,000 TUn
Mine Workers in the PennsylvE
hard coal fields 30 days hence. T
demands-to be presented to the o
ators May 10 are about the sam
those resulting in the bitumi
coal strike April 1.
New Issue Raised
3. The bituminous negotiations
sumed yesterday after 19 days
Schwellenbach's request and b
given artificial respiration by Spi
Conciliators Edward F. McGrady
Fuller, threatened-to founder ag
This time they ran up againm
wholly new issue raised by Le
Adjustment of holiday pay for
major holidays since war's end-
bor Day, Thanksgiving, Christ
and New Year's Day.
4. Rep. Howard Smith (D-Va)
troduced in Congress a bill to
vent what he called "extortior
tribute or royalties" by labor ur
as a condition to the production o
sential articles. He said it would
ply to the current coal strike.
Medcal Schoo
Announces Ne'i
Study Pro grai
The University Medical School
terday confirmed reports of a ne
centralized program of grad
medical study, to become effe
July 1.
Dean Albert C. Furstenberg
that the new plan is designed to
vide more and better trained spe
ists and to give continuing me
education to practicing physi
throughout the state. The pr
will be the first of its kind to be
tended on a state-wide basis,
Medical education and clinica
agnostic facilities will be set u
hospitals throughout the state w
qualify for the program, the<
said, Doctors will alternate bet'
the hospitals and Medical Sc
during the period of study

Funds for the program were
vided by the W. K. Kellogg Foul
tion, which has allotted the me
school $105,000 for a three-year


LEWIS POSES WITH MCGIRADY-Y-John L. Lewis (left), head of the United Mine Workers, poses with Edward
F. McGrady, former assistant secretary of labor and now a vice president of The Radio Corporation of America,
who has been named a special mediator in the bituminous coal strike
May Festival Will Begin Tonorrow- Jussi
Bjoerling, Tenor, To Appear as First Soloist


British, U.S.
Report Urges

Hundreds of music lovers will ar-
rive in Ann Arbor tomorrow for the
opening day of the May Festival, an-
nual four days concert series which
climaxes the University musical sea-
In addition to the eleven prolni-
nent soloists who wilt be featured
at the Festival, the University
Choral Union will be heard in two
concerts and the Festival Youth
Chorus, cormposed of children from
the public schools will partiipate
in one of the programs.
The opening concert at 8:30 p.m.
tomorrow in Hill Auditorium, will
feature Jussi Bjoerling, Swedish tenor
as soloist. Bjoerling 'will sing arias
from five operas. The Philadelphia
Orchestra, participating in all of the
concerts, will play Sibelius' Fifth
Symphony as the opening number of
the Festival.
Nathan Milstein, violinist, will be
the soloist at the second concert
Friday vight. Milstein will play
the "Concerto for Violin in D Ma-
jor" by Tschaikovsky. Prof. Hardin
Van Deursen of the School of Mu-
sic will conduct the Choral Union
in a performance of Mozart's
"Requiem Mass," featuring Ruth
Diehl, soprano, Jean Watson, con-
Anno tncement
Prices Listed
Comm-e-wnceiment Notices
Available Until May 3
Prices for commencement an-
nouncemen tls have been placed at
$.50 for the tea twhr bound editions,
$.30 for cardboard bound copies and
$.10 for the folder announcements.
Seniors and graduates placing or-
ders this week, must accompany their
orders with the price of the an-
Orders will be taken 10 asi. to
noon and 1 to 3 pn., today through
May 3, outside Rm. 4 University Hall.
This is the only opportunity to order
the announcemcitL,
Both the leather and cardboard
bound copies include names of com-
mittees, officers and all those re-
ceiving degrees in all schools except
the medical.

tralto, William Hain, tenor, and
Micalo Moscona, bass, as soloists.
The concerts Saturday will be
highlighted by soloist Anne Brown,
as well as the Festival Youth Chorus,
in the afternoon and Bidu Sayo, Met-
ropolitan Opera Company soprano,
ih the evening. Miss Brown will sing
Plot Exposed
Nation-Wide Hunt on
For Jap Plot Leader
TOKYO, April * - (A) - Allied
headquarters unmasked today a plot
to assinate General MacArthur at
tomorrow's May Day celebration. One
conspirator was seized and a nation-
wide hunt launched for a die-hard
Japanese militarist named as the
The accused and the hunted plot
leader was Hideo Tokayama, former
member of the dread Kempeitai or
Thought Police. In the dying days of
the war he became a suicide pilot
in the KamikazP Fl ing Cor'. 'r

excerpts from Gershwin's opera
"Porgy and Bess," and the children
of the Youth chorus will present a
group of American folk songs. The
Philadelphia Orchestra, directed by
Eugene Ormandy, will open the eve-
ning concert with Mozart's Sym-
phony No. 40 in G Minor and will
also play compositions by two modern
composers, Bernard Rogers and Res-
An all-Brahms program will be
presented Sunday afternoon, with
William Kapell, prominent young
pianist, as soloist. Kapell will play
the Concerto No. 1, and the orches-
tra will be heard in the Fouth Sym-
The Festival will be brought to a
close Sunday night with the Choral
Union presentation of the cantata
"Alexander Nevsky" by the contem-
porary Russian composer Sergei Pro-
kofieff. Rosalind Nadell, contralto,
and Salvatore Baccaloni, bass, will be
soloists at the final concert.
Stalin Asserts
S .1*01* T
Soviet Policy Is
Pace, Security

Quick Actionl
Oppose Creation
Of Any Homeland
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 30 - An of-
ficial British-United States Commit-
tee of Inquiry on Palestine recom-
mended today that the gates of the
Holy Land be thrown open immed-
iately to 100,000 European Jews -
homeless victims of Axis persecution.
In a 30,000 word report on its four-
month investigation, the Committee
went firmly on record against making
Palestine either a Jewish or an Arab
state, and said that the government
ultimately established there "under
international guarantees" must pro-
tect Christian, Jew and Moslem.
Continue Mandate
It called for continuance of Pales-
tine under a mandate - held by
Britain since 1922 - "pending the
execution of a trusteeship agreement
under the United Nations." This, if
accepted, would nullify Britain's plan
to terminate the mandate by estab-
ishment of an independent Pales-
tine state.
Simultaneously the Committee said
that if its report is accepted, "It
should be made clear beyond all doubt
to both Jews and Arabs that any at-
tempt from either side, by threats of
violence, by terrorism, or by organi-
zation of use of illegal armies to pre-
vent its execution, will be resolutely
No Obligation Assumed
Although the Committee was ap-
pointed by the two governments, there
was nothing in its instructions to
make acceptance of the recommenda-
tion obligatory upon either Britain
or the United States. In diplomatic
circles here, however, it was regarded
as certain that they will carry heavy
weight in determining Anglo-Ameri-
can policy toward Palestine. Immed-
iate reaction varied.
President Truman expressed his
But House Majority Leader Mc-
Cormack (Dem.-Mass.), chairman of
the Political Action Committee for
Palestine, Inc., while expressing "grat-
ification" on the immigration pro-
posal, said that he "chafed at the
Committee for having bypassed the
permanent solution of Palestine as
a Jewish state."
The committee said at the outset
"that such information as we re-
ceived about countries other than
Palestine gave no hope of substantial
assistance in finding homes for Jews
wishing or impelled to leave Europe."
Dean Bennett
Announces .New
Grade Ruling
Students in the architecture school
whose general average is below C at
the end of this semester will be placed
on probation and advised not to reg-
ister again, Dean Wells I. Bennett of
the school announced yesterday.
Following the statements made
within the last week by the literary
and engineering colleges, the Col-
lege of Architecture and Design re-
cently formulated its admission policy
to be effective this fall.
Increased Enrollment Expected
Dean Bennett issued the new regu-
lations as a means to keep in line
with the general rise in scholastic re-
quirements of the University as a
whole. The architecture school, he
stated, expects to feel the same pres-
sure of a greatly increased enroll-
ment that the other schools here an-

ticipate this fall.
The text of the rest of he regula-
tion is as follows: Students whose
general average is 8 points below C
will, except in unusual circumstances,
be required to withdraw. These regu-
lations do not affect veterans or
freshmen who are in their first se-
mester of residence. Veterans in their
second semester or residence will be

nI Ule~111K ne yin g ps o6
ganized to repel invasion. LONDON, April 30 - (P) -- Prime
As Japanese police gave photo- Minister Stalin promised tonight
graphs of Tokayama to the nation's that the Soviet Union would be true
press to aid in the manhunt, Brig. to a policy of peace and security but
Gen, Frayne Baker, Headquarters charged what he described as "inter-
Public Relations Officer, warned that national reaction was hatching plans
Tokayama was armed with grenades for the new war."
and pistols. In an order of the day broadcast by
The plotter now in custody tipped the Moscow radio the Russian leader
off headquarters after Tokayamna,also declared that "the nations of
fearing betrayal, tried to poison him,t dwisarepetn of
Baker said. The Japanese in custody the calamities of war." He added:
named five of the total of six men Vigilance Necessary
he said were involved. "It is necessary to be constantly
"Fortunately," Baker continued, vigilant, to protect as the apple of
"the poison was not mmediately fatal, one's eye the armed forces and de-
He was taken by Japanese police to fensive power of our country (Rus-
an American hospital where through sia."
experienced assistance he was re= Stalin called on Soviet workers to
vived and gave details of parts of the reach-and exceed-the production
plot." goals set up in the Soviet Union's
With diabolical cleverness, the plot new Five-Year Plan.
was tuned to explode in a burst of Addressing the Russian people,
hand grenades and pistol fire "some Stalin said:
time during Communistic demonstra- "We should not forget for a single
tions" tomorrowdthe headquarters minute the intrigues of international
announcement said. reaction, which is hatching plans of
a new war."
Military Growth
Soviet armed forces would be suc-
cessful in defending peace, Stalin
said, only if there was a "further
cg s IL ,,,4-lnw-, nf nm in-itn~r it ,ir A,-n r A.'ii


Open Doors to 50,000 Foreign Stud

spedial th e Daily
CHICAGO, April 30-Remarkable
unanimity marked the second day of,
conference on foreign student prob-
lems which brings representatives of
150 of the nation's colleges and uni-
versities to the Stevens Hotel at the
request of the Department of State.

must say awe will find some way to
take 100 more."
Russia and England, a University of
North Carolina delegate pointed out,
have cultural relations program
greatly superior to our own. "We are
but babes in the woods in this field,"
hP rarap

Dr. Theodore Blegen of the Uni-
versity of Minnesota told the dele-
gates that foreign students on the
American campus "are an invaluable
educational adjunct for the American
student which we should be loth to
C al aI *.ta"henpi of ura1 for-

Poland and of Russia also spoke. A
cable from the French Ministry of
Education advocating exchange of
students between the two countries
was read by French Cultural Attache
Pierre Guedenet.
The resolutions committee will re=
nort on all reoinsntomorrow.

tary' skill of the Red Armny, Navy and
Air Force.
His broadcast order, issued in con-
nection with the Soviet Union's May
Day celebration, was heard in Lon-
don by the Soviet Monitor, official
Soviet news distribution agency.
OPA Allows Two-Cent

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