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April 28, 1946 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-04-28

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See Page 4

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'U' Scientists












Atomic Research Lab

Wayne SaariAnnounces
Congressional Platform
Literary College Senior Will Be Youngest
Candidate for Nomination in Nation's History
Making his first statement of principles in the race for Congressional
Representative from this district, Wayne Saari, 24-year-old literary college
senior, declared yesterday that he will campaign on an over-all platform of
"adjusting America to the atomic age."
The youngest candidate for Representative in the nation's history,
Saari said flatly that this country "must solve any problems that might
lead to another world conflict."
"We can't afford not to solve them when there are such instruments of
destruction as the atomic bomb in existence," he said.
He added: "People whoe ideas were formed in the 'horse and buggy' era
are not competent to legislate for America in the atomic age."
Saari is seeking the Democratic nomination on the Democratic ticket.
He is opposed by William R. Kelly, a veteran and graduate of the Univer-
sity and the Detroit College of Law.




Cost of Labor
To Rise if OPA
Relaxed-H aber
The price rise that will occur if
the House amendments to the price
control bill are allowed to stand
would result in serious labor disturb-
ances when present contracts expire
next spring, Prof. William Haber of
the economics department said yes-
Some experts have predicted a gen-
eral rise of as much as 15 to 25 per
cent, within 12 months he reported.
To Prevent Inflation
Outlining a plan to prevent infla-
tion, Prof. Haber declared, "in addi-
tion to the extension of price control,
the battle against inflation must also
include every effort to increase pro-
duction, and fiscal and monetary po-
icies designed to increase the effect
of unprecedented purchasing power
and deposits."
Referring to the House amend-
ment providing that price controls
shall cease when supply of commodi-
ties reaches the 1940-41 average level,
he indicated that this level has been
reached in a large number of commo-
dities, especially agricultural prod-
ucts. If the amendment is not
stricken out by the Senate, he said,
price control on these items would
cease entirely within ten days.
Cost of Reconversion
"Another amendment," he said,
"requires that OPA must take into
consideration all costs plus reason-
able profit. In effect, this means that
for hundreds of commodities not pro-
duced during the war such as re-
frigerators, vacuum cleaners, radios
and automobiles, the OPA must in-
clude in the price ceiling the excep-
tionally high cost of reconversion
when they are operating at low ca-
pacity, rather than the more normal
costs they will reach when operating
at near peak capacity."
Five Veterans
Get Awards
Five Bomber Scholarships have
been awarded to Michigan men re-
turned from the wars, Dean of Stu-
dents Joseph A. Bursley announced
The first to be granted under the
$25,000 Bomber Scholarship Fund,
the scholarships carry a $100 stipend.
The fund 'vas established in 1942.
The Student Bomber Scholarship
Committee voted in January to make
15 scholarships available each se-
mester. Fifteen petitions for scholar-
ships were received by the committee
in March.
Six of the 15 petitioners were un-
able to meet the requirements of the
Bomber Scholarship Constitution,
three could not prove financial need,
and one petitioner failed to appear at

Incumbent Earl C. Michener will
oppose Henry F. Vander Velde, for-
mer University student, for the Re-
publican nomination.
Saari said he was not running for
Congress on a "fly-by-night" basis
but as part of a career of public serv-

Enlarging on his theme of "ad-
justment to the atomic age," Saari
said that OPA is "the most important
domestic issue."
Declaring that there are enough
goods on the market to meet con-
sumer demands, Saari said that "we
are now at full production and our
vast demand for goods cannot be
met in a short time."
He backed his argument with the
contention that "we need 10,000,000
new cars and they can't possibly be
produced in a short time."
Attacking advocates of no price
control, he said: "Those who argue
that all we need is a little more pro-
duction and that prices will fall after
a temporary inflation have the wrong
'inflationary psychology.'
"Manufacturers and farmers don't
sell goods in an inflationary period
but hold them for further price rises."
Price control, he said, is "directly
related" to this country's famine re-
lief program, because "while food is
being held for price rises, people will
starve in Europe and Asia."
He safid he favored "drastic steps
including rationing of some cereals
and fats" to get more food to foreign
countries, and added:
"Unrest from starvation is a prob-
lem that can lead to another world
See SAARI, Page 3
Club Lectured
OnGI Schools
ETO Eluc'aional Plan
Described as Success
The success of Army educational
centers in the European Theater of
Operations was described to the con-
cluding general session of the three-
day Michigan Schoolmasters' Club
meeting yesterday by Prof. John Dale
Russell of the University of Chicago.
Prof. 'Russell, who was the dean
and academic adviser at Biarritz
American University in France last
year, said that French and American
visitors who observed the Biarritz
program expressed high praise for it.
In fact, the French, who were espe-
cially enthusiastic, are now planning
a permanent American-type univer-
sity somewhere in France.
Students, Prof. Russell said,
showed overwhelming satisfaction
with the opportunities provided and
a survey among faculty members
showed near unanimity in agreeing
that students at the Biarritz school
accomplished more than civilian stu-
dents in the same length of time.

Soviet Eases
Demands for
Yugoslavia, Greece
Receive Italian Shi>s
By The Associated Press
PARIS, April 27 - The Foreign
Ministers Conference agreed tonight
to leave Italy a basic naval fleet and
to divide the remainder among the
four major powers after satisfying
claims of Yugoslavia and Greece for
warships, authoritative reports said.
The ministers of the United States,
Britain, France and Russia reached
an accord on broad general propor-
tions of the divisions in a three-hour
meeting in which Russia retreated
from a previous demand for a third
of the fleet, these reports said.
Precise details were not settled
at the meeting, the third thus far
in the historic conference and said
to have been the most cheerful to
Part of the session was given over
to a discussion of the French Italian
frontier modifications, but no agree-
ment was reached on any of the pro-
posals. The troublesome Trieste and
Italian colonial questions had been
Coupled with the announcement in
Rome that Russia had not only ac-
ceded ;o the United States proposals
for relaxing Italian armistice terms,
but had proposed even further modi-
fications, the Soviet action augured
well for future dealings on the Ital-
ian problem.
There was no clear picture here
of the present strength of the Ital-
ian navy, and a four man commit-
tee of experts was appointed to de-
termine its composition and allo-
There was no discussion at the
third session on France's proposals
to add internationalization of the
Ruhr and detachment of the Rhine-
land from Germany to the confer-
ence agenda, reliable reports said.
British Foreign Secretary Ernest.
Bevin was reported to have thrown
a snag into discussion of the Ruhr
by insisting that Belgian, Dutch
and Luxembourg representatives
be permitted to sit in on such nego-
tiations as spokesmen for nations
which suffered heavily through
German aggression.
The Russians, contrary to earlier
reports, were not objecting to addi-
tion of the Ruhr to the agenda, but
were opposed to expanding the scope
of discussion beyond representatives
of the United States, Britain, Prance
and Russia, informants said.
Propose Atheletic
Butilding Plant
The Board in Control of Intercol-
legiate Athletics, in its annual re-
port to the Regents Friday, recom-
mended that a far-reaching program
of athletic plant expansion be under-
taken "at the earliest possible time."
The Board in Control urged con-
struction of a hockey and basketball
arena, additional swimming facili-
ties, basketball practice courts, more
adequate administrative offices and
a new club house for the University
Golf Course.
Present athletic facilities are "ut-
terly inadequate" to meet increased
student enrollment, the Board said.
The Board's financial report for
the year ending June 30, 1945, showed
football gate receipts again providing
the bulk of the Board's income.
Football receipts totalled $256,515.
All other sports operated at a loss.

Will Be

Committee Asks Advice
On Membership Issue

Student Policy

The Student Affairs Committee, by
adopting the democratic method of
reorganizing itself, has put the ques-
tion of more student participation in
student affairs squarely to the cam-
The committee is currently seeking
the advice of individual students and
organizations on problems of stu-
dent-faculty mem bership and com-
mittee :functions.
A faculty member of the commit-
tee said yesterday that the impres-
sion that the student body secured
'U' Delegates
Leave Today
For Chicago

University delegates will leave to-
day for the conference on foreign
student problems which will bring
representatives of 150 of the nation's
leading colleges and universities to
Chicago tomorrow through Wednes-
Recommendations issuing from the
Chicago talks will be carefully con-
sidered in formulating the Universi'-
ty's policy toward foreign student ad-
mission and education, according to
President Alexander G. Ruthven.
The conference was called at the re-
quest of the Department of State by
the Institute of International Edu-
cation in New York.
The five University delegates are
Assistant Dean Peter Okkelberg, of
the Graduate School; Assistant
Dean Walter Emmons, of the engi-
neering college; Prof. Raymond
Wilder, member of the Graduate
school executive board; Dr. Esson
M. Gale, counselor to foreign stu-
dents, and Robert Klinger, assis-
Hersehell Brickell, acting chief of
the State Department's Division of
International Exchange of Persons,
will highlight the opening session
with a discussion of "The Interna-
tional Flow of Students for a United
The afternoon session tomorrow
will be devoted to consideration of
general policies concerning foreign
students. In the evening the delegates
will divide into groups to discuss sep-
arately admission, orientation, and
other specific problems.
Selection, admission and place-
ment will be considered by the con-
ference Tuesday morning. Foreign
student counselling and policies of
foreign governments toward the
education of their students in the
United States are on the agenda
for the afternoon and evening
The delegates will return Wednes-
day following a discussion of orien-
tation and adjustment of foreign stu-
dents and a conference summary at
!Ilichilodeon Prizes .
First prize for the booth selling
the most tickets at the Michilo-
deon carnival last night was won
by Theta Delta Chi, with a total
of 1400 tickets sold. Honorable
mention was won by Beta Theta
Chi with a total of 1340 tickets

representation after a "long, up-hill
fight" was erroneous.
The addition of student members
to the committee was by the commit-
tee's own recommendation, he said.
Cross Party Lines
Examination of the committee's
history reveals that both student and
faculty members have often crossed
"party" lines and that on no ques-
tionhave the members been split
into solid student-faculty blocs.
According to ruling of the com-
mittee, any studer.t is permitted to
appear before it to present a griev-
ance if he notifies the Office of the
Dean of Students in advance of his
intentions to appear.
With the decision of its members
to bring the question of student rep-
resentation out in the open, the com-
mittee has reached another stage in
its history.
The decision was the result of in-
tra-committee initiative, since cam-
pus dissatisfaction with the present
student-faculty rat io has been
evinced only once this year when the
committee vetoed plans for a two-
night J-Hop.
Approval Needed
Anychangesin the committee's
membership, however, must be ap-
proved by President Ruthven, the
University Council and the Board of
On the basis of the student govern-
ment election April 10 in which one
out of four students voted, campus
apathy toward problems of student
participation in student affairs is
Whether the apathy is temporary
or permanent can be determined
when the results of the Student Con-
gress election Tuesday and Wednes-
day are in.
Change Foreseen
However, the Student Congress
may agitate for changes in the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee at a later
date if it continues the philosophy
expressed by its backers that student
government should not be "just an-
other organization for BMOC's."
The present student members of
the Student Affairs Committee hold
their positions by virtue of their lead-
ership in other campus organizations,
in accordance with the Board of Re-
gents bylaws.
The original backers of the Con-
gress-Cabinet plan are running on a
single 12-point platform which in-
cludes a plank calling for "transfer of
the functions of the Student Affairs
Committee to the student govern-
'Insight' Sale
Begins Monday
The April issue of "Insight" will be
placed on sale tomorrow and Tues-
This mont,_'s issue, according to
Joyce Siegan, editor, is larger and
more comprehensive than the maga-
zine's first edition, which appeared
last month. The first "Insight" was
concerned entirely with student gov-
ernment at the University. The April
issue will include opinions on atheism,
by Robert Carniero and Gertrude
Haan, an article on Negroes in the
navy, by Phil Westbrook, and an in-
terview with a student from the Un-
ion of South Africa.
Also included in the April issue is
an article on "Reflections of a Con-
scientious Objector," written by How-
ard and Jo Wolf in a Civilian Public
Service Camp in Puerto Rico.

Facilities Will Be
Located inChicago
TIwentyfour Midwestern Universities
'o Experiment with Peacetime Uses
University scientists will have at their disposal a multi-million dollar
"super-laboratory" in Chicago in which to conduct research toward the
peacetime use of atomic energy, Dr. F. H. Spedding, Iowa physics professor
and member of the laboratory's board of directors announced yesterday.
Work at the laboratory, which comprises a war-time unit at the Uni-
versity of Chicago and others near Chicago, will be principally directed into
industrial and agricultural application of atomic energy.
24 Universities to Cooperate
Michigan scientists will cooperate with physicists, chemists and engi-
neers from 23 other midwestern universities in the research. Some of the
facilities available to them were

used in atom bomb research during
the war; others will be purchased by
the universities joining in the work.
Prof. Ernest F. Barker, chairman
of the physics department, was the
University's representative at nego-
tiations in which the plans were
worked out.
Many of the institutions involved
already started their work. Univer-
sity scientists, Prof. D. L. Rich of the
physics department said, have not
yet started, but "will begin soon."
In most instances, the scientists
working at the laboratory will be
those who have been on leave from
their universities for atomic research
during the war.
Participants Listed
The institutions involved in addi-
tion to the University are Iowa State
College, where Dr. Spedding directs
an atomic research project; Michi-
gan State College, the universities
of Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illi-
nois, Indiana, Purdue, Notre Dame,
Chicago, Missouri, Pittsburgh, Ohio
State, Cincinnati, Northwestern, St.
Louis, Washington of St. Louis, and
Illinois and Carnegie Institutes of
Technology, Case School of Applied
Science, Western Reserve University,
Mayo Foundation and Battelle Me-
morial Institution.
Prof. Hastings
To Address 41
New Phi Betas
William T. Hastings of the English
department at Brown University will
speak at the Phi Beta Kappa Ban-
quet on May 16- at the League Ball-
Initiation of new members will be
held at 4:15 p.m. May 15 in the
League Chapel.
Seniors in the literary college elect-
ed to Phi Beta Kappa are: Marjorie
Ann Billmeier, Marvin Blumenthal,
Morris Bornstein, William Calkins,
Marietta Cameron, Elizabeth Ann
Campbell, Lee McFarland Cecil, Dor-
othy Eyke, Margaret Farmer, Don-
ald Fredrickson, Jean Gaffney, June
Gumerson, Marilyn Haselswerdt,
John Hocking, Raymond Kilpela,
Martha Jean Kirkpatrick, Lucy Rud-
dell, Rob Rutledge, Ann Schutz, Mar-
garet Southworth, Yuma Willene
Stahmer, Robert Taylor, Edith Van
Andel, David Wagner, Marcia Well-
man, Helen Wilson, Robert Wooster
and Julie Ziegler.
New junior members are: Robert
Epstein, Jean Hole, Richard Horning,
Jack Kohn, Helen Perry, May Risch,
Marjorie Van Eenan and Harriet Wil-
From the School of Education
Mary Alexander was elected, and
from the School of Music Helen
Briggs, Roberta Dresden, Mary John-
son and Ruby Kuhlman.

Ballots Should
Indicate Twelve
Choices -- Dorr
Large Vote Necessary
For Effective P.R.
Ballots cast in the Student Con-
gress election Tuesday and Wednes-
day should be invalidated if fewer
than 12 choices are indicated, Prof.
Harold M. Dorr of the political science
department declared yesterday, if
those elected are to represent the
voters' true choice.
With more than three times as
many candidates as there are posi-
tions to be filled, it is quite possible
that not enough candidates will be
elected by the voters' first choices,
and that several redistributions of
the ballots will be necessary to elect
the 18 Congressmen. If the ballots
are not marked completely, they may
not count on the redistributions.
P. R. Procedure
Prof. Dorr said, "Under these cir-
cumstances the following procedure
is usually adopted: After all the bal-
lots have been distributed, and all
excess candidates eliminated, the
election commission declares the re-
maining unelected candidates with
the greatest number of votes, elected.
"However, this procedure is unsat-
isfactory because it may well result
in the election of several candidates
who would not have been elected if
the voters had indicated all their
choices. Under the circumstances,
there could be a sizeable bloc of
Congressmen elected by default,"
Prof. Dorr stated.
Undesirable Situation
Speculating on the undesirability
of the situation, Prof. Dorr wondered
if it would not be fair for the elec-
tion commission to declare invalid all
ballots with less than 12 choices in-
However, in case no candidate re-
ceives a quota of votes, then the bal-
lots of the candidate with the fewest
votes are redistributed. This process
continues until the 18 Congressmen
have been elected, provided that the
voters indicate a sufficient number
of choices to make the redistribution
Local Housing
Group Asks Aid
Asking that regional officials from
the Civilian Production Administra-
ticn, OPA, Federal Housing Admin-
istration, and the Wyatt Program
meet with them, the Ann Arbor Vet-
erans and Citizens Housing Commit-
tee yesterday sent a resolution to
these officials with copies to their
Pointing out the character of the
city's housing problem, the resolu-
tion cited the city's need for 3,000
houses with materials for only 300,
and the University expansion with an
expected 10,000 veterans by next fall.
A nouncements for
Seiors To Be Sold

Contributions Aid Cancer Work at 'U' Hospital

Funds contributed to the University
Hospital by the local chapter of the
Field Army of the American Cancer
Society act as a catalyst in the hos-

draws on the fund which is set up
every year during the annual drive
of the American Cancer Society.
"The fund is not set up for patients
of the state or county," he said. "It is

conferences," two of which are gen-
eral and two which are particularly
given over to cancers of the female.
1ihese conferences are a fairly stan-
dard practice in hospitals in the

by laymen too much in laboratory, the means of modern accounting ma-

test tube terms.
When a new cancer case is dis-
covered in some department of the
hospital, he continued, the filling

chines. Reports, are coded as they
are received, recorded on punch cards
and filed.
About 1500 new cases are re-


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