THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Emily E. Knapp
Pat Cameron .
Dorothy Flint.............Busines M anager
Joy Altman ..........sociate Business Manager
.Associate Business Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: CLAYTON DICKEY
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
LAST night in Ann Arbor four prominent
Detroiters, who were sent to Poland by the
Detroit Polish Democratic League for a first-
hand survey of the wide-spread wartime destruc-
tion in that country and its attempts at recon-
struction, presented their eye-witness account.
They 'described conditions everywhere in
Poland as desperate. Five million transients are
wandering' the roads, seeking a place in their
homeland and meanwhile living like animals
with little nourishing food and only the most
ragged clothing. The two-thirds of the popula-
tion living in villages is in extreme poverty.
Yet, the Poles are working hard for recon-
struction. In Warsaw, which was 90 per cent
destroyed by the war, the small shopkeepers are
already reopening their shops in the midst of
But Poland cannot do the job of recon-
struction alone. If we are to assure for all
nations their rightful liberty and democracy,
if we are to have a world where all nations
may enjoy the same advantages, we our-
selves must work toward these ends.
Contributions for Polish relief are being re-
ceived at the First Methodist Church. It is up
to us-the people of the United Church, the
citizens of the state of.Michigan, the students in
Ann Arbor-to help students in its task of re-
ONE building permit for a new house was
issued in Ann Arbor during January, 1946!
During February building permits for three new
single houses and for one new five-apartment
building were issued! Including alterations
which would provide new apartments in exist-
ng homes, permits were issued for a total of 13
added apartments and two added rooms in Janu-
ary, for 10 added apartments and four added
rooms in February.
In the entire year of 1945, building permits
were issued for a total of 219 added apartments
and for three additional rooms. Discounting
the one building project being undertaken by-
the University, only 43 additional apartments
were granted permits in all of 1945. The fore-
mentioned University project is a 176-apartment
levelopment for married student veterans, but
it will not be completed for some time.
Let's add them up. In the last 14 months
a total of 247 new rooms, apartments, and
houses have been granted building permits.
The number of these which have actually
been completed is.very small. Still excepting
that University project, the majority are not
in new buildings, but are merely alterations
in existing homes. For practical purposes,
there is NO new building at all.
But the number of students in Ann Arbor
increased 2,896 in a week. Just compare the
figures. Do we have a housing problem?
Nor can we expect many additional results to
be obtained by doubling up, or by the continu-
ing conversion of private homes into apartment
houses. The Mayor's Survey of Housing, a thor-
ough canvass of Ann Arbor conducted by over 200
volunteer workers, was an attempt to uncover
living space not ordinarily rented. They found
a total of 203 new sets of accomodations which
could house 304 persons. Miss Edith Bader,
director of the Survey, stated that NOT OVER
FOUR OF THESE WERE APARTMENTS. Ac-
cording to Miss Bader, "We found the job we
did did not meet the needs of married veterans." ,
Of the 203 listings which the Survey did un-
cover, there were 22 withdrawals, and 53 others
are not ready for habitation. This last group
are all dependent upon getting labor, materials,
etc., to convert them. So actually the Survey
found 128 places where people could live immedi-
ately. They have placed between 130 and 140
persons, primarily men students, and they still
have some rooms available for women.
The Survey had applications from 58 veteran
non-students, of whom 30 had children. That's
at least 146 persons for those four apartments.
In the words of Miss Bader, "some were real
The Ann Arbor Real Estate Board has been
conducting a free rental bureau for veterans
since several months ago. They stopped
counting at 371 applications, of which 75
Votes Count.. .
THE proposed campaign of the American Vet-
erans Committee to publicize the Michigan
representatives who voted against the subsidy
and price control provisions of the Patman
housing bill puts the spotlight on one of the
most glaring defects of the average American
Disregarding the AVC's viewpoints on the
housing subsidy, the mere fact that any organiza-
tion is making an attempt to force the American
voter to find out how his representative in Con-
gress is voting is commendable in itself.
Look at it subjectively-we listen to a few
campaign speeches, read a few militant edi-
torials, get a free package of matches 100
yards from the poll, and send a relative
stranger to Congress. Then we forget about
him-maybe remember only that he has a
massive white mane, looks good in striped
trousers and once had his picture taken fry-
ing an egg on the steps of Congress (without
butter, of course)-until next election.
Two-or six years later-comes another elec-
tion and the same gentleman brags about his
record in Congress for the past term, and another
gentleman, supposedly equally as sincere, decries
everything the incumbent did. And the Voter,
who for two years has thought nothing of the
problem other than to glance through the Bureau
of This and That pamphlet on the Care and
Maintenance of the Automatic Gasoline Pump
(sent under the blessings of the Congressional
frank, of course), goes to the polls and makes
his X with little other intelligent thought.
How much better if each time an important
bill comes before Congress the American voter
would take the trouble to find out how his
representative there stood on the matter-
and remembered it when the next election
The New Republic and to a certain extent the
PAC have made steps in this direction through
publication of roll call votes in Congress; some
of the various veterans organizations are moving
along the same paths. The task of the voter is
to read what they publish, to ferret out of his
paper how his people in Congress stand on im-
portant questions of the day-and remember it.
There is an all-important interim Congres-
sional election coming up in the not-too-distant
future. It's worth a little thought between now
per cent were from students. What are we
going to do with those four apartments?
The real point behind all of these facts and
figures is this. Present housing facilities in Ann
Arbor have been stretched past the breaking
point. Married couples with children are living
in one room. Students are commuting from
Detroit. The sole solution is the construction
of hundreds of new apartments and homes.
The Wyatt Housing Program was designed to
make this construction possible. But the House
of Representatives has slashed out completely
the payment of $600,000 in subsidies to promote
the expansion of building materials production.
The House has dropped the clause providing
for ceiling prices on existing homes. The sole
remaining features of importance in the bill
provide for ceiling prices on new homes, and
channel building materials to low-cost dwellings.
The American Veterans Committee in Ann
Arbor has condemned the House for "deserting
the veteran," and has promised to wage a cam-
paign against the re-election of those Republi-
can Representatives from Michigan who opposed
the subsidy and ceiling clauses.
The Citizens Housing Committee, of which
Prof. Robert Angell is chairman, held a meet-
ing on February 26 at which a motion was
passed providing for the appointment of a
local Housing Expediter by the Mayor IF the
Wyatt Bill is passed. Will we have the Hous-
ing Expediter? Will the Wyatt Bill be
The meeting of the Citizens Committee stressed
the importance of the subsidy provisions in the
Wyatt Program. These are gone now. They
must be re-instated by the Senate. As Mayor
Brown said, there is "much advantage to the local
community" involved in the passage of the
Fili inos Blue
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-In approximately six weeks,
the Philippines hold their most important
Presidential election, and shortly afterward-
July 4-the Filipino people cast off from the
United States to become a full-fledged inde-
pendent republic-the first in the war-troubled
Millions of eyes in the Dutch East Indies,
French Indo-China, and India are watching
this historic experiment.
The building up of a free, independent Philip-
pines in 50 years is something of which the
American and Filipino people can be justly proud.
Yet, to have independence succeed, there must
be continued stability after July 4, and already
there are unfortunate rumblings of internal
Unfortunately, also, some of the men close to
General MacArthur appear to be a root cause
of that trouble. Filipinos bluntly accuse them of
using their military prestige and position during
the war to further their economic position after
It boils down to the age-old battle of for-
eign business interests pitted against native
farmers and labor, part of the same issue
which has caused turmoil in French Indo-
China, Malaya, and the Dutch East Indies.
Unfortunately, General MacArthur, though a
military hero to the Philippine people, was not
an economic hero. In fact, the reverse. He
made the mistake of surrounding himself with a
staff which has somewhat dimmed his military
lustre and who have helped the Filipino people
think more about a full rice bowl than medals.
Among these men are:
Courtney Whitney-A Manila lawyer, who hap-
pened to be in the United States at the time of
Pearl Harbor, got commissioned, and, upon ar-
rival in Australia, was placed in charge of the
Philippine Section of GHQ.
Except for military strategy, Whitney, a close
friend of MacArthur, virtually ran the Philip-
Mike Elizalde-Former Philippine Commission-
er in the United States of America, who owns
thousands of acres of sugar plantations, one
entire block of Manila warehouses, and who
plays close to Gen. Manuel Roxas, who is con-
sidered MacArthur's personal candidate for
Col. Andres Soriano-Wealthiest man in
the Philippines, Soriano was a Spanish citi-
zen up until one day after Pearl Harbor. He
was also Franco's honorary consul in Manila,
collected large sums of money for Franco
during the Spanish Civil War, and was given
the Grand Medal of Naval Merit by Franco
as a reward. Despite this, MacArthur made
Soriano a colonel on his staff.
Soriano owns gold mines, lumber companies,
and two large breweries in the Philippines, to-
gether with two others in Kansas City and Mil-
waukee. It was to one of these-the San Miguel
brewery-that the War Department flew 20 tons
of beer-bottle caps in three special planes last
December. No one not close to MacArthur could
have secured the priorities to fly 20 tons of beer-
bottle caps across the Pacific, War Department
officials freely state.
(Copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Publication In the Daily Official Bul-
£etin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,1
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 82;
Sunday Library Service: On all
Sundays during the Spring Term, be-
ginning March 10, the Main Reading
Room and the Periodical Room of the
General Library will be kept open
from 2 p.m. to 9 p.m.
Books from the other parts of the
building which are needed for Sunday
use will be made available in the Main
Reading Room if requests are made
on Saturday of an assistant in the
reading room where the books are
The University Automobile Regula-
tion will be lifted for the following
groups during the periods indicated:
Sophomore Medical students-from
12:00 noon on March 9, to 8:00 a.m.
on April 8.'
Freshman Medical students-from
12:00 noon on March 9, to 8:00 a.m.
on March 18.-
Choral Union Members whose at-t
tendance records are clear, please call
for their pass courtesy pass tickets
for the Detroit Symphony Orchestra
concert on the day of the perform-
ance Monday, March 11, between 9:30
and 11:30 and 1 and 4. After 4 o'clock
no passes will be issued.
Michigan Union Student Book Ex-
change: Will the book collectors for
the Michigan Union Student Book
Exchange please turn in all the out-
standing white cards to the Exchange
offices on the third floor of the Un-
ion before 5:00 p.m. today. These
cards may be left any time from 10:00
to 12:00 and 1:00 to 5:00 today.
Professor J. Kampe de Friet, of
the Universit6 de Lille, France, will
speak on the subject "Theory of Tur-
bulence," at 4:15 p.m., today, in theI
East Lecture Room, Rackham Build-
ing; auspices of the Department of
Aeronautical Engineering. All those
interested are invited.
French Lecture: Professor William
McLaughlin, of the Romance Lan-
guage Department, will offer the
third of the series of the French lec-
tures sponsored by the Cercle Fran-
cais on Thursday, March 14, at 4:10
p.m. in Room D, Alumni Memorial
Hall. His lecture, which will be il-
The Art Cinema League presents
Clark Gable, Charles Laughton and
Franchot Tone in "Mutiny On the
Bounty;" an MGM production di-
rected by Frank Lloyd.
CLUTCHING my complimentary
ticket tightly in my perspiring
hand, I dutifully trudged over to the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre last night
to ogle the old salt-spray classic,
"Mutiny On the Bounty." Perhaps as
a gesture of animosity towards critics
I was directed to a side-aisle seat
unique in that one could see prac-
tically nothing of the screen from it.
Clark Gable does not look his best
when viewed on the bias.
The sum total of these impressions,
garnered in splendid defiance of the
League's gnashing teeth, led me to
believe that "Mutiny On the Bounty"
is much the same sort of enjoyable,
essentially escapist entertainment it
was when first released. Its escapist
appeal, coupled with the magnetism
of Mr. Gable's name, should assure a
large audience for it.
Despite thistpopular appeal, the
film has a quite respectable artistic
record. It won the 1935 Academy
Award, and Charles Laughton's per-
formance won the New York Film
Critics Award of that year.
"Mutiny On the Bounty" has re-
mained memorable in the last
analysis because of Charles Laugh-
ton's famous portrayal of the in-
famous Captain Bligh, whose
ordeal in an open boat forms the
crux of the plot. It is one of the
great character performances in
the cinema library and the pleasure
of seeing this revival lies to a great
extent in hearing Laughton bellow,
"MIS-ter Christian!" From where
I sat it more or less had to be the
high-point of the evening.
By Crockett Johnson
We could travel for a season or two,
m'boy. I take it you've never had a
glimpse of the Taj Mahal. Er, quite
lustrated with slides, is entitled:
"Caen, ville d'art, ville martyre."
Tickets for the series of lectures
may be procured from the Secretary
of the Department of Romance Lan-
guages (Room 112, R. L. Bldg.) or at
the door at the time of the lecture
for a small sum. These lectures are
open to the general public.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for June: Please call at the
office of the School of Education,
1437 University Elementary School,
on Wednesday or Thursday afternoon,
March 13 or 14, between 1:30 and
4:30 to take the teacher's oath. This
is a requirement for the certificate.
Graduate Students: Prelimjnal' 2
examinations in French and German
for the doctorate will be held on Fri-
day, March 8, from 4 to 6 p.m. in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing. Dictionaries may be used.
Graduate Students planning tt
take the Graduate Record Examina-
tion are notified that this examina-
tion will be given in two sessions
March 13 and 14, at 6:45 p.m.
Students taking the examination
who have not paid the $3.00 examina-
tion fee should pay at the Cashier'
Office and bring the fee stub to the
Graduate School Office. Veterans'
purchase of the examination has been
authorized by the Veterans' Admin-
istration and veterans can receiv
approval for the remission of the fec
at the Graduate School.
The examination is required of all
new students and of former student
Recreational Leadership: Upper-
class women students wishing train-
ing in recreational leadership shoul
apply at Room 15, Barbour' Gym-
nasium 8:00-12:00 or 1:00-3:00 today.
Biology Chemistry Seminar will
meet today at 4:00 p.m. in Room 31
West Medical Building. "Hydrogen
Sulfide-Biological Production and
Metabolism." All interested are in-
History 50, Section 6, will meet in
Room 315, H. H., Monday, at 9:00 a.m
History 12, Section 5a, TuTh, 3:0(
p.m., will meet in Room 216, Haven
Hall, instead of in Room E, Haven
History 11, Lecture Group IV
TuTh, 11:00, will meet in Room 348
Engineering Building, instead of in
Room C, Haven Hall.
History 12. New sections. Note
Section 3a, TuTh, 11:00, 1018 A H
changed from 231 A H.
Section 4a, MF, 1:00, 229 A H.
Section 10a, TuTh, 1:00, 229 A H
Section lla, MF, 1:00 Rm. E, H H
Section 12a, TuTh, 10:00, 2003 N S
Section 17, MF, 1:00, 2003 PT S.
History 12, Section 13, MF, 9:0(
changed from Room 101, Econ. Bldg.
to Room 4082 N S.
History 50, Lecture, TuTh, 10:0(
will meet in Room 1025 A H. instead
of in Room B, Haven Hall.
History 50, Section 8, Th, 2:00
Room 229 A H.
Freshmen Health Lectures For Men:
It is a University requirement that
all entering freshmen are required t
take, without credit, a series of lec-
tures in personal and communit
health and to pass an examination
on the content of these lectures
Transfer students with freshman
standing are also required to take th(
course unless they have had a simiai
Upper classmen who were here a
freshmen and who did not fulfill th
requirements are requested to do s
These lectures are not required of
The lectures will be given in Room
25, Angell Hall at 5:00 p.m. and re-
peated at 7:30 p.m. as per the follow-
Monday, March 11
Tuesday, March 12
Wednesday, March 13
Thursday, March 14
Please note that attendance is re-
quired and roll will be taken.
Required Hygiene Lectures For Wom-
All first and second semester fresh-
man women are required to take a
series of hygiene lectures, which are
to be given the second semester. Up-
per class students who were in the
University as freshmen and who did
not fulfill the requirements are re-
quested to do so this term. Enroll for
these lectures by turning in a class
card at the Health Service, if this was
not done at the time of regular classi-
fication at Waterman Gymnasium.
Please note that, due to conflicts
with other courses, a third section
(III, meeting Wednesdays) has been
added. Students now enrolled in Sec-
tions I or II may change to Section
III by reporting to Mrs. Bagley at
the Health Service.
Satisfactory completion of this
course (or of P.H.P. 100; elective;
3 hrs. credit) is a graduation require-
I-First Lecture, Mon., March 11,
4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Boot Franco . ..
THE United States, Britain, and France have
at last politely asked the Spanish people to
oust Franco. Nine years after Franco came to
power three great nations have realized that he
is a fascist and that Spain has a fascist govern-
ment. And so they have asked the Spanish
people to rid themselves of Hitler's satellite, to
hold democratic elections.
Of course, the United States, Britain, and
France are a little tardy. Franco probably
would never have become Generalissimo if
an arms embargo had not been placed on
shipments to the Spanish Loyalists. And
World War II probably would have been
avoided if the Axis had been prevented from
using Spain as -a proving grounds.
But IF is an unpleasant word. And we should
be happy that the United States, Britain, and
France have at last asked that Franco be busted.
We are happy. But simply "asking" the Spanish
people to "peacefully" rid themselves of their
fascist government is likely to be an impotent
way of getting any action.
The statement of the three powers needs a
corollary saying that direct support will be
given a republican government in Spain. If we
wait for evolution to democracy il Spain, as
Carlton Hayes, former United States ambassador
to Spain, has suggested, we may have to wait
a long time. Evolution, as the Darwinians will
tell you, is not a rapid process.
But there are potent measures to be taken
against Spain that will not mean civil war. A
diplomatic break with Spain is long overdue. So
is an economic quarantine. And the United
Nations Organization could and should take
Franco is now in the weakest position of his
career as Generalissimo. Spain has had a
drought, resulting in the worst harvest the coun-
try has had in a century. There is a critical
shortage of electric power and basic foods. The
economic state of Spain is worse than ever before
because of the end of war markets. There is
corruption among Franco's own henchmen. And
the Spanish people as a whole are growing more
and more tired of the dictatorship.
It is fashionable now to call Franco and his
fascist government an anachronism. Every-
body does it. But being stylish is hardly
Make a brilliant treatment of the script.
Cram it full of drama, thrills, chuckles
and love interest. And have it back on
Remember. . . J. J. O'Malley is getting
$350,000 for the story. And this year
it may not pay vs to show a tax loss.