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VOL. LVI, No. 115 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 16, 1946
PRICE FIVE CENTS
UN Security Council
Ends Meeting Minus
Vote on Iranian Issue
Majority Oppose Russian Bid to Drop
Case as Gromyko Accuses U.S., Britain
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, April 15 - The United Nations Security Council ad-
journed without a vote tonight after a bitter three-hour debate in which
seven of the 11 members opposed Russia's move to have the Council ex-
punge the Iranian case from its agenda.
With Russia apparently facing defeat, Dr. Quo Tai-Chi, chairman of
the Council, suddenly announced that the meeting was ended and that the
question would be taken up again at 11 a.m., Eastern Standard Time,
The closing minutes of the debate were marked by a grim statement
by Soviet Delegate Andrei A. Gromyko that he believed the United States
I - ----- -
Five Month Draft
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 15 - The
House voted a five-month draft "hol-
iday" today and a 50 per cent pay in-
crease for buck privates.
The actions contrasted with ap-
peals of the administration and the
services for continuation of induc-
tions for one year and a 20 per cent
pay boost for all servicemen.
Separate bills the House sent to
the Senate are designed, taken to-
gether, to meet the manpower needs
of the armed forces by voluntary en-
listments during a trial period be-
tween May 15 and October 15 in
I r e _
Some Progress' Toward Solving
Building Problem Announced
As Officials Meet Union, Industry
and the United Kingdom did not w
Taxi Code Referred
To Council Committee
Local cab owners breathed easie
yesterday when Alderman A. D. Moore
listed a dozen revisions that would
eliminate features of the proposed
taxicab ordinance that city compan-
ies and drivers had found most ob-
The revised ordinance was sent
back to the Common Council's Spec-
ial Taxicab Committee, headed by
Moore, where it will be worked into
shape with the cooperation of cab
owners and "interested persons".
Major changes proposed by Moore
include an extension of the time be-
fore which cab owners must buy
new licenses from May 1 to June 1,
in order that the committee have
time to amend the proposal. The ex-
tension will take place through an
amendment whereby the certificates
issued May 1 will expire immediately.
The new revisions would require
cab meters by a given date (to be
set when meters are more readily
available), but would leave rate set-
ting to further amendments. Moore
also recommended that the uphol-
stery requirements be eliminated.
Sections of the ordinance requiring
shatterproof glass, special sanitary
measures, and prohibiting radios
would be eliminated by Moore's
The section prohibiting non-paying
passengers would be changed, and
the prohibition on passengers sit-
ting with the driver would be amend-
ed to allow the practice when the
cab is filled. The requirement leaving
the taking on of additional passengers
to the discretion of passengers al-
ready in the cab would be changed.
The license fee for drivers (in addi-
tion to the owners' fee) would be
raised from two dollars a year to four
dollars. The insurance requirement
of $5,000 and $10,000 would be raised
to $10,000 and $20,000, if Alderman
Moore's proposed amendments are
adopted by the committee.
Women and Children
Evaciated by Police
BUTTE, Mont., April 15-Q/)-As
peace officers hurriedly evacuated
women and children from threatened
homes in mob-ridden Butte and its
suburbs, Silver Bow County Sheriff
Al McLeod said tonight he hoped to
have 100 additional deputies on the
.iob "to head off any more of this
The vandalism, which has terroriz-
ed Butte residents since last Friday
and caused the wounding by stray
bullets of two Butte youths, was dir-
ected mainly against non-union mine
maintenance workers' homes, where
damage runs into the thousands of
dollars, police said.
The CIO Butte miners union re-
iterated its c arlier denial that any
of its 3,500 members who went on
strike at Anaconda Copper Mining
Company properties here April 9, had
taken a part in the mob violence.
The Union has appealed for order
and a peaceful settlement of the
Police said the mobsters were teen-
agers and women, and the sheriff
said he didn't think any of the min-
-3< AXPIO -ir-rt r
ant to see a peaceful solution of the
He also accused U. S. Delegate Ed-
ward R. Stettinius, Jr., of violating
the United Nations Charter by in-
sisting that the case stay on the
agenda despite Iran's withdrawal of
her complaint against Russia. He re-
peated a gibe he had made in earlier
council sessions that the American
and British delegates seemed to be
more Iranian than the Iranians
Both Stettinius and Sir Alexander
Cadogan, British delegate, apparent-
ly angered by Gromyko's charges,
said there would have been no dis-
cussion on the case today if Russia
had no: reopened the questiob.
The withdrawal of the Iranian
complaint, which originally was filed
in London January 19, was requested
in a letter Iranian Ambassador Hus-
sein Ala handed to Dr. Quo Tai-Chi,
chairman of the Council, one hour be-
fore today's meeting.
Ala informed the Councilrthat'he
had received a telegram from *his
government this morning saying:
"It is necessary that you immed-
iately inform the Security Council
that the Iranian government has
complete confidence in the
government and, for this
withdraws its complaint from
At A, Glance
. . .
MADRID, April 15 - (') - The
Spanish foreign ministry today issued
a formal invitation to friendly coun-
tries which are members of the Unit-
ed Nations Security Council to send
a commission of technicians to Spain
to investigate Poland's charge that
Generalissimo Franco's government
is a threat to world peace.
Planes on t h Roof .
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., April 15-
(A)-This city may be the first in the
nation to inaugurate downtown-to-
airport helicopter service.
C. W. Hall, president of Northern
Air Service, told the Kent County air-
port committee the downtown term-
inal of the helicopter service would be
on the roof of a department store
having an area of 27,886 square feet.
Light Ter'ins for Jags .*.
SHANGHAI, April 15--IP)-Japan-
ese defense counsel wept with joy to-
day when an American military com-
mission assessed unexpectedly light
prison sentences of five years for
three Japanese officers, and nine
years for a fourth, for participation
in the trial and execution of three
Doolittle fliers in 1942.
The death penalty could have been
imposed, but the five American com-
missioners held as "unusually strong
mitigating consideration" that the
Japanese were simply obeying orders
from higher up.
Crime Gang Fight ...
NEW YORK, April 15-P-.Mayor
William O'Dwyer, the ex-cop who as
district attorney of Brooklyn led the
liquidation of the terroristic Murder,
Inc., gang, tonight declared a person-
al war against what he termed the
threatened revival of the slaughter
Line-up on Draf t Bill
WASHINGTON, April 15-QP)--
Michigan legislators voted as fol-
lows in the House today on legis-
lation extending the dra~ft law
nine months but prohibiting induc-
tions between May 15 and October
Democrats for: Dingell, Lesinski,
O'Brien, Rabaut, and Sadowski
Republicans for: Blackney, Craw-
ford, Dondero, Jonkman, Michener,
Shafer, Wolcott, Woodruff.
Democrats against: Hook.
Republicans against: Bradley and
which actual inductions would be pro-
One extends the draft law from
May 15 of this year to February 15,
1947, with these restrictions:
1. No inductions of anyone between
May 15 and October 15.
2. No inductions of teen-agers at
any time (the present law permits
the drafting of 18 and 19-year-olds).
3. No inductions of fathers.
4. A limit of 18 months on the ser-
vice of any inductee, regardless of
when he was drafted.
5. Restoration of the draft after
October 15 and until February 15 by
presidential order if the President
finds that voluntary enlistments are
inadequate to meet these strengths
as of July 1, 1947: Army, 1,070,000;
Navy, 558,000; Marine Corps, 108,000.
In World State
The United States' long pre-war
record as an isolationist nation, said
Prof. Preston Slosson of the history
department last night at a meeting
of the Committee for Liberal Action,
would prove an effective contrast if
this country should now take the
initiative in the establishment of a
A federated wold government, he
asserted, is needed to implement in-
ternational control of the means of
mass destruction and to prevent ag-
Recommendations of the confer-
ence on atomic energy, held at Rol-
lins College in March, he reiterated
as reliable methods for world con-
trol of these destructive forces. The
L That the jurisdiction of the Uni-
ted Nations be widened to include
legislation concerning all matters of
2. That control of the means of
such destruction be placed in the
hands of the UN General Assembly.
3. That the Security Council be
reorganized to constitute an execu-
tive body responsible to the assembly.
4. That a Bill of Rights be created
to protect member nations against
inequitable exercise of the atomic
CLA President Ted Morris appoint-
ed at last night's meeting a commit-
tee to investigate the voting records
of candidates whose names will am
pear on the ballot in the approaching
state primary election.
MARCH ON PREMIER'S RESIDENCE-Ten thousand Communist led Japanese march toward the official
residence of Premier Baron Kijuro Shidehara in Tokyo during a demonstration, in which speakers demanded
resignation of the Shidehara cabinet.
di2plomatuc representatives of all the
The "good neighbor policy" which
former President Franklin D. Roose-
velt and former Secretary of State
Cordell Hull helped draft, the Presi-
dent asserted, laid the "solid founda-
tions for a good neighbor policy for
the whole world."
Mr. Roosevelt, he continued, was
thwarted by the madness and desire
for world c'onquest on the part of
the Axis dictators and in his efforts
to prevent the last war.
Now, however, he said, the United
Nations is embarked on a career
based on those foundations, and he
"It must succeed. I know it will
He solemnly warned that the atom-
ic era confronts the people of the
world with " a great and dangerous
"That age will either be one of
complete devastation, or one in which
new sources of power will lighten the
labors of mankind and increase the
standards of living all over the world."
To Open oda
The first performance of "Rosina
es Fragil" and "Las Codornices" star-
ring Anne Sugar '48, Ann Lewin, '48,
Dick Defendini, teaching fellow in
the :Romance language department,
and Carlos Soares '47, will be pre-
sented at 8:30 p.m. today in the Lyd-
ia Mendelssohn Theater.
Tickets for this performance and
for the performance tomorrow may
be purchased at the box office of the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Reser-
vations may be made by calling the
box office 6300.I
Fight on Meat
WASHINGTON, April 15-(IP)-
Agents of the Federal Bureau of In-
vestigation moved in on the meat
'black market today as the govern-
ment aimed a double blow at it.
1. Attorney General Clark directed
the FBI to investigate reports that
some packers are defrauding the
government by paying black market
prices for cattle and then collecting
2. The OPA and the Agriculture
Department announced a slaughter
quota system, in effect during the
war but subsequently abandoned, will
be restored soon to provide "better
distribution" of available supplies.
The action was taken as the Sen-
ate Agriculture Committeeheard one
packer term the meat situation "a
national scandal which makes prohi-
bition look like petty crime" and
another predict that his company will
limit New York retail customers next
week to two per cent of their pur-
chases five years ago.
An OPA and Agriculture Depart-
ment statement said the new slaught-
er control program will reduce opera-
tions "of certain slaughterers who
have increased their slaughter great-
ly during recent months" but will
provide "legitimate slaughterers" op-
portunity to slaughter the same pro-
portion of the supply as in 1944.
Price Administrator Paul A. Porter
"We are not going to ask the
American people to pay tribute to a
legalized black market."
T ruman Asks Pan-Amnerican
Cooperation Against Poverty
Praises Roosevelt's 'Good Neighbor' Policy
As Basis for Future Work of United Nations
WASHINGTON, April 15-(J')-President Truman called on the 21
American Republics today to unite in a world peace system and wipe out the
"poverty and despair" from which war springs.
Speaking at a Pan-American Day observance, the President said that
the "danger of war" will never be completely eliminated until economic
ills are eliminated.
"To do that," lie said, "we must achieve the kind of life-material, cul-
tural and spiritual--to which the peoples of this world are entitled. To that
objective we must all dedicate our energies and resources."
Mr. Truman received a warm welcome in his first appearance befor-
members of the governing board of the Pan-American union, made up of
rlt~nanfn ~n~sncn fzrr f 11+Vn'>
Are Due On Saturday
The petition form for office-seekers
in the new campus student congress
was announced last night by the
Men's Judiciary Council.
Signed by at least fifty names, the
petitions must be placed in the stu-
dent congress petition box in the
student offices of the Union by 5 p.m.
Saturday, according to Harry Jack-
son, Men's Judiciary president.
To Be Published
The petitions will be prefaced by
short statements on the candidate's
qualifications which will be published
in a special bulletin for campus ap-
Here is the information required of
petitioners. It must be stated in a
maximum of 100 words.
1. Full name. 2 Ann Arbor address.
3. Ann Arboi telephone. 4. School year
and semester. 5. College and depart-
ment in the University, 6. How long
the petitioner expects to stay in
school. 7. Experience in organizations
here and elsewhere (high school ex-
perience and transfer experience for
freshmen and transfers respectively.
8. Organizational membership at the
University. 9. Activities participated
in at the University. 10 Qualifica-
tions in addition to the above. 11.
Platform: What you as an individual
will work to do.
The petitions will be distributed on
campus in their printed form April
22, according to present plans.
Lo banov Cites
Prof. Andrev A. Lobanov-Rostov-
sky of the history department cited
the Cossacks as "colonizing and war-
rior elements and the vanguard of
Russian expansion to the east", at a
meeting of the Russian Circle yes-
Prof. Lobanov, who was once a
member of the regular Russian army,
described the growth of the Cossacks
and their function in Russian history.
"The Cossacks were individualis-
tic, adventurous and freedom-loving
bands that grew up with the same
sort of pioneer spirit as existed here
in America. Their conquest of Siber-.
ia may be compared to the actions
of the Spanish conquistadores in the
new world," he declared.
For a great many years, he said,
the Cossacks had their own villages
and organization. However, after
they began to incorporate with the
r_.r~1,-. il- 1.-f -f-
Ann Arbor's complex building con-
struction problem continued unabat-
ed yesterday, but unofficial reports
said that "some progress" toward a
solution was made after day-long
informal conferences of University,
construction industry and labor un-
Bernard Johnson, vice-president of
the International Bricklayers Union,
sent here t investigate the impact
of the University's emergency pro-
gram on home building for local vet-
erans, met twice in closed session
with representatives of the various
parties involved in the problem.
The conferences, it was reported,
were marked by an earnest effort of
all participants to secure a solution
that would be mutually satisfactory.
The problem, apparently, is one
over which none of the parties has
any control. The analysis of local ob-
servers is that two-Federally sponsor-
ed programs-education and homes-
for veterans have come into conflict
because of a scarcity of construction
With both sides conceding the mer-
its of the others program, the prob-
lem has resolved itself into a neces-
sity for importing outside labor.
But the George A. Fuller Co., Uni-
versity contractor, has had to offer
a six-day week with double pay for
the sixth day as an incentive for
workers to come here from other
parts of ,the country.
Ceiling Limits Cost
At this point the two programs
come in conflict, since local contrac-
tors maintain that they cannot get
construction workers on this basis
without forcing the price of homes
above that which prospective'veteran
home-buyers can afford and above
the $10,000 ceiling.
Although Johnson has been the
only international union officer to
take part in efforts toward a settle-
ment of the problem, it is generally
conceded that all other construction
crafts are equally affected by the six-
day week, double pay issue.
Bill for Housing
WASHINGTON, April 15.-(P)-A
bill designed to spur construction of
15,000,000 dwellings in the next de-
cade was passed by the Senate today
bearing a wage clause which a gov-
ernment official warned might wreck
FHA insurance of small homes.
The bill was sent to the House after
the Senate wrote into it, 51 to 20, an
amendment providing that the "pre-
vailing wage or fees" of each locality
must be paid on any homes financed
under the Federal Housing Adminis-
tration. Under the amendment, which
was demanded by the CIO and 4FL,
the Secretary of Labor would deter-
mine the prevailing wages.
In a sharp debate before the vote,
Senator Taft (Rep., o.) declared
that "everyone knows the purpose of
this amendment is to force payment
of union scales." he said it should not
apply in small communities where
many residents with other jobs work-
ed part time at building trades and
did not expect to receive union wages.
CHANGCHUN, Manchuria, April 15
-(P)-Chinese Communists launched
a three-way assault upon this Man-
churian capital today after overrun-
ning three nearby airfields upon
which the small isolated government
garrison had counted for airborne
supply and reinforcement.
The attacks coincided with Sun-
day night's withdrawal on schedule
of the last Russian occupation forces,
who several times had delayed their
retirement because the Chinese gov-
ernment had feared just such a
Alt WJrm e- -- 3.1_
ATCHESON REFPORhT ENDORSED:i
ScienistsFavo Strngthen ig Mca ho Bl
Generally approving the McMahon
Bill plan for atomic energy control,
the Association of University of
Michigan Scientists last night voted
In response to a request from the
Federation of American Scientists to#
express their opinion on atomic ener-
gy control, the Association voted that
their sugestions for streniathnina
of atomic weapons. Protesting the
heavy penalties imposed for revealing
"'estricted data", they suggested that
punishment be confined to that nowa
mision. They suggested that this re-
quirement be written into the bill's
provision setting up a commission of
five full-time members to act un-
m ~ l i fr n in a ty,.nt-f- r7;- m ~~ -I-