T-IE:- M42HXG.AN- DALLY FRPAY
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
We Could Still Use Him,
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
AS TO WHAT HE WOULD HAVE DONE had
he lived during this year it is, of course, im-
possible to say; and he was very tired toward the
end. It is easier to speculate as to what might not
have been done, what might not have happened,
had he not died. Offhand, one thinks at once that
Mr. Churchill would not have come to America
to make so large a speech; no, not with him in
the White House. And so the first point is that
a kind of imbalance has followed the death, that
all sorts and conditions of men have been able to
play new roles because he is gone.
It is because he is dead that Mr. Bevin has
become the strategic leader of the West in the
councils of the world, and. the unignited
Mr. Vandenberg has become one of our chief
founts of authority on foreign affairs, and the
devoted Mr. Byrnes has had to try to change
roles (and it must be hard) from that of tire-
less servant to that of maker of policy.
TO PUT IT ANOTHER WAY, it is because he
is gone that the West, squealing legalisms, is
now forlornly on the defensive, whereas if he
had lived, blessed bad lawyer that he was, we
might now be trying for a new level of interna-
tionalunerstanding, rather than parsing sen-
tences in a charter.
For he, more than any other, was the coali-
tion, he, who could deal with Mr. Churchill as
a country squire, and with Mr. Stalin as a com-
moner. Somehow, in him, the two currents had
met, but not in a whirlpool; and the fact that
these two contrary streams could produce a
man so much at peace with himself and at ease
- with his world, made hope feasible for others.
TO GO TO HYDE PARK now, and to see the
toys and gadgets with which he played, and
a room in which he worked, is to become very
conscious of him as the aristocrat, as a man
whose lifetime was spent in fair suroundings,
amid fine surfaces of wood and porcelain. Yet
somehow the visitors, the people tramping
through the buildings, gaping, trying to touch
and trying not to touch, seem less out of place
than they would be in almost any other fines
house; the awkward varied crowd seems to be-
long, as part of history's joke on historical de-
terminism, which was Roosevelt. Many men
can feel at home in the workroom of one who
never altered his accent to please the poor, nor
NIGHT EDITOR: CHARLOTTE BOBRECKER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Western Exam pie
THIS is going to be another article about the
big, bad Russians. The misbehaving Mr. Sta-
lin has designs on oil in Iran and port areas in
Korea. The big bear has already absorbed several
small states along the Baltic. Industrial machin-
ery confiscated in Manchuria; war reparations
draining the life-blood from the Balkans.
In a recent statement to The Daily, Prof.
Baker Brown, who spent 37 months in the
Santo Tomas internment camp in Manila, said
that the Japanese had some basis for their
aggression "because in general they had never
gotten a square deal from the western powers."
Cannot the same be said about Russia?
OUR RELATIONS WITH RUSSIA since the
establishment of the Soviet government have
been marked by consistent lack of understanding
and opposition to Russian economic and poli-
tical security. In 1918, 15,000 British and Ameri-.
can troops controlled a fan-shaped section in
northern Russia around Murmansk. American
troops "guarded" the Trans-Siberian Railway,
while the British actively aided Siberian force
of the "All-Russian Government" which opposed
the Soviet. Meanwhile, the French had occupied
Odessa with a powerful fleet. All this cannot
possibly have instilled into the hearts and minds
of the Soviet leaders any love for the western
T IS PROBABLY hard for Russia to forget
that the United States. helped Poland in her
war against Russia in 1920 by making a 50 mil-
lion dollar food loan. Nor will it be easy for Sta-
lin to forget that after Great Britain's lead in
1924 all the great powers except the United
States recognized the Soviet government. This
is only a brief outline of the "square deal" the
western powers gave Russia. And the United
States stands out among the squarest dealers.
Prof. Raker said: "It was just a case of Ja-
pan trying to do something the western powers
had done a generation before." He was un-
doubtedly thinking of British imperialism in
China and South Africa, of American dollar di-
plomacy in the period of our great humani-
tarian interests in Cuba and the Philippines, of
Dutch contributions to the standards of liv-
ing of natives in Java. The western powers set
perfect precedents for a "greater East-Asia co-
AND ARE THESE same precedents not appli-
cable to Russian interests in a secure poli-
tical and economic co-prosperity sphere in East
Europe, the Middle East and North China? But,
of course, this is another story.
We have presented these insights into Russian
attitudes for only one reason-to help show why
Stalin may be acting as he is. The material pre-
sented is not meant as an argument to justify
possible Russian aggression. We can condone no
aggression, be it Russian, British or American.
shaped his words to win the rich.
And so he could work with both sides, and
implacably make them work together; and he
could laugh, meanwhile, too, the laugh of the
well-integrated man, observing the hysteria of
all partial and special characters. He could lead
them all, and, in spite of their screaming, make
them follow, because he led them only on ad-
ventures among realities. He could make both
sides stick more or less together, in a difficult
passage, not because he tried to please both,
but because he never presented a check to be
cashed that wasn't drawn on the bank of ne-
cessity, and against a good account. He was su-
perficial, often, on the surface of events, often,
but above the surface, in the thin air, almost
One remembers him as a kind of smiling bus
driver, with that cigarette holder pointed up-
ward, listening to the uproar from behind as he
took the sharp turns. They used to tell him he
had not loaded his vehicle right for all eternity.
But he knew he had stacked it well enough to
round the next corner, and he knew when the
yells were false, and when they were real, and
he loved the passengers. He is dead now, and the
bus is stalled, far from the gates of heaven,
while the riders hold each other in deadlock over
how to make the next curve.
(Copyright, 1946, N. Y. Post Syndicate)
IT IS BEGINNING to appear that some of our
left-wing union leaders are more satisfied
with labor conditions in the Soviet Union than
the Russian workers are. This faintly amusing
paradox came to light in a report written by
James B. Carey, secretary-treasurer of the CIO
and chairman of a group of eleven CIO trade
union leaders who recently made a tour of Rus-
The left-wing crusaders, in their eagerness
to demonstrate affection for all things smack-
ing of Communism, addressed groups of Russian
workers praising their system of production and
economy. The response was decidedly cool. Emil
Rieve, president of the Textile Workers Union,
on the other hand, explained to the workers the
system of production used in the United States,
emphasizing the voting rights, close employer-
employee relations, and the availability of con-
sumer goods. A chilly response was expected; in-
stead Rieve received a long and enthusiastic ova-
In a country where government policies
presumedly are shaped to fit the needs of the
workers, indications of some dissatisfaction
with existing conditions on the part of the
workers are significant. The CIO report in-
cluded two important observations: (1) Union
members in Russia have fewer rights than un-
ion members in the United States, (2) Russian
workers are very much interested in the U.S.
Discipline is strict in Russian factories and
heavy fines are exacted from the workers for
violations of contracts. Permanent courts are
set up to handle cases against both workers and
management, and these courts have the power
to levy fines. Grievances are referred to a special
committee and are discussed in the presence of
the worker-and appeal machinery is provided.
RUSSIAN WORKERS are paid on a piecework
basis. At the present time an eight hour day
and six day week are standard although a shorter
work week prevailed before the outbreak of war.
Workers receive time-and-a-half for the first
hour overtime and double-time for each addi-
tional hour of overtime work. Although the mini-
mum wage (at the current rate of exchange) is
$54 a month, the ordinary worker generally gets
about $100 a month and the skilled worker
about $300 a month. Extremely highly-skilled
workers and plant managers may get as much
as $600 a month.
These wages do not mean the same thing as
they would mean in the United States. It is true
that Russian workers receive certain medical
benefits free of charge. Despite all that had been
said about Communism existing for the com-
mon man, however, there is ample evidence that
in Russia it does not quite work out that way.
The Russian government operates a sort of legal
black market in which military men and party
officials are allowed a 50% discount, skilled
workers get a 15% discount, but the unskilled
workers receive no discount at all.
Probably the main reason for the apparently
growing dissatisfaction of Russian workers is
the fact that they have little choice of goods
to buy. The decision as to whether Russian fac-
tories will produce guns or butter is in the
hands of a special government planning
board-and for many years the result has
been more guns.
During the war the Russian people were
thrown into contact with people of Western
countries and, in this way, slowly came to realize
certain inadequacies of their present economic
policies. The question now is: Will the Russian
people be satisfied to labor through several more
Five Year Plans, apparently necessary for re-
construction, or will they demand unrestricted
production consumer goods in an attempt to end
the self-imposed privation which dates back to
£?lttJ to i 6ilor
Out On His Ear
To the Editor:
This is not the first letter that has been writ-
ten in protest to the existing University automo-
bile regulations. Nor will it be the last. Indeed,
this letter is written with the hope that it may
stir up sufficient interest on the part of red-
blooded students in this institution (and surely
ther must be SOME!) to the point of expressing
their convictions on this subject through The
Daily, the VO, or through whatever medium they
To illustrate the question at hand, let us ex-
amine the case of one individual whose position
on this campus was typical of a good many
others. This student was 25 years of age, a
Canadian veteran with five years of service be-
hind him, four of these overseas, who had re-
turned to the university with the intention of
completing his education. The government had
seen fit to assist him in this endeavor. In other
words, he was considered a responsible adult by
Having attended this university in 1939 he
of course knew about the autohobile regula-
tions, but he figured that the powers-that-be
might conceivably have modified the regula-
tions in the light of the changed situation
brought about by the war. (Six years will do
wonders with one's imagination!!)
This student managed to obtain a permit to
drive to and from a job he secured in Plymouth.
Any other use of his chariot, he was warned,
would constitute an infraction of the University
automobile regulations, and, as such, would be
viewed most seriously.
After considerable deliberation this student de-
cided that to comply with such absurd regimen-
tation would be incompatible with the mainte-
nance of his self-respect. He proceeded to drive
his car if, as and when he considered it necessary.
Two days ago this ex-serviceman became an
ex-student. For this new, exalted station in life
he owes undying gratitude to the liberal-minded
Board of What-Nots that rule this institution.
Had the individual in question decided to
finish school before joining up, he would have
graduated in 1943. So he leaves in 1940, so he
returns five years later, and so he is still treat-
ed as an adolescent youth. What about this?
Space does not permit inclusion of further
arguments, but there are plenty to substantiate
the claim that the age limit laid down in the
automobile regulations should be reduced from
26 to either 23 or 24 years.
It is submitted that such a modification would
not defeat the purpose for which the regulations
were originally designed, i.e., to prevent large
numbers of young undergraduate students from
getting themselves into different sorts of trouble
through the driving of automobiles. (The vet-
eran whose example has been used in this letter,
although naturally slightly adverse to this same
regulation when he was here before, did not
fight it at that time because there was obviously
some common sense behind it.)
From what has been crowded into the fore-
going paragraphs it is perhaps possible to deduce
that something is pretty wrong somewhere. When
something is wrong, it should be put right.
-John K. Macbeth.
To the Editor:
This letter, representing the unanimous opin-
ion of the executive committee of MYDA, is in
protest to what we feel is an unwarranted raise
It is our considered opinion that the reasons
presented for the raise in tuition are insufficient.
We point out that this is the second tuition raise
to be foisted on the students in eight months,
for the second time we are being told that the
raise in tuition is necessary to meet rising costs
of running the university, and of this we remain
But even ignoring the question of rising costs,
we can see only this-any raise in tuition means
that a certain number of students must end
their fight for an education. This fact cannot be
We believe that if this tuition raise is designed
to limit the enrollment in the University, that
is as unfair as any other price raise, and can only
be looked upon as a legal black market in edu-
The national organization to which we are af-
filiated, American Youth For Democracy has
taken a. stand opposing tuition raises for the
specific reason which we give. We now reaffirm
We believe that the solution "to the educationi
problem as a whole is not isolated tuition raises,
such as those at NYU which brought the tuition
there to 13:50 per credit hour, or those now tak-
ing place here, but an immediate drive for fed-
eral and state aid to education so that there will
be no need to force anyone to terminate his edu-
Why haven't the Regents who voted this tui-
tion raise called for such a campaign instead?
A SPOKESMAN for the National
Grange last week dropped a major
issue squarely in the lap of the Amer-
ican people. He stated before the
House Military Affairs Committee
during hearings dn the extension of
the Selective Service Act that "this
nation must now decide whether it
intends to feed the world or police the
The indications are that we do not
intend to feed the world ..a. for the
first two months of this year we sent
to UNRRA less than 10% of the grain
which we had promised to that agen-
cy. Secretary of Agriculture Anderson
has drafted an order which would re-
quire all bakers to reduce the amount
of wheat flour that they are using;
but he still has not decided whether
he should issue it. There is a great
shortage of men on America's farms,
but we are considering putting more
farmers in the army.
However, the hesitation that we
are showing about sending our food
abroad is more than over-balanced
by the eagerness with which we are
sending our armies trotting around
the equator ... at the present time
American armies are in the Carib-
bean, China, Korea, the Philip-
pines, Italy. This decision by the
American government would seem
to say to the peoples of the world:
"No other country may kill you, but
you must starve."
SLIGHTLY CLOSER examination
will reveal that it doesn't mean
even that. In spite of President Tru-
man's assertion last Saturday that
the United States intended to pre-
serve the peace and protect the weak
from "coercion and penetration,"
there is a terrifying amount of pene-
tration and coercion in the world. For
instance, Ecuador has asked us a
dozen times to withdraw our armies
from the Galapagos, but our armies
haven't even packed their toilet kits.
What about this, Mr. President?
I don't believe that Mr. Truman is
exactly certain what he did intend to
say. For instance, in another part of
the speech he stated: "We cannot one
day proclaim our intention to pre-
vent unjust aggression and oppres-
sion in the world and the next day
call for immediate scrapping of our
military might." This statement falls
apart when you touch it . . . we have
accused Argentina of unjust oppres-
sion, ard our armies have never been
sent to Argentina. The entire world
recognizes that the Franco govern-
ment in Spain is based on unjust
oppression, but the United States re-
fuses to break diplomatic relations
with Spain. Is it to be expected that
we 'will send our armies against a
country with which we insist on
maintaining diplomatic relations?
The American government an-
nounces its intentions to stamp out
aggression, but it is unable to point
its finger at the aggressor. It wages
holy war against the Chinese Com-
munists while half of the New York
Times foreign staff screams:
"They're not aggressors . . . the
Chinese Communists are good peo-
ple. The impression that is
created by such action is that the
Americans don't actually mind ag-
gression ... they only mind aggres-
sion by the people when it is in-
tended to set up a more democra-
tic government. Then we get wor-
THIS PRESENT PROPOSAL to ex-
tend the draft must be viewed
in a much different context from that
which existed during the war. A year
ago the entire American people re-
cognized that Germany and Japan
were aggressors, and that, so long as
the German and Japanese armies re-
mained intact, there could be no hope
for peace. Today there is no such gen-
eral agreement on the identity of the
possible aggressors, and when we ask:
the American government for in-
formation, Byrnes strikes a mute
We should be wary of such men
as Senator Vandenberg, who found
it advantageous a short five years
ago to adopt a head-in-the-sand
isolationism. Today, they have
found a new stance ... instead of
crouching with their tails in the air,
they now stand erect and haughty
with their chins pointed toward
the North Star. They have a new
battle-cry, "National Security", in
the name of which they can justify
any deceits. They have decided that
we as a nation cannot be respected
in the community unless we wear a
gun on each hip and walk with a
We as a nation must decide for our-
selves whether we agree with Presi-
dent Truman and Senator Vanden-
berg. The bill to extend the draft
act will be one of our decisions.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mnem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.rn. Sat-
FRIDAY, APRIL 12, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 112
Notice to Faculty Members regard-
ing Termination of Veterans' Book
and Supply Order for the Spring
Faculty members must specify all
books and supplies required in their
courses not later than May 10 in or-
der that the University may meet the
deadline for filing invoices with the
Veterans Administration by the end
of the term.
Senior and Graduate Students,
who have received invitations to the
Honors Convocation on April 26, are
requested to order caps and gowns
at the Moe Sport Shop immediately.
They must be ordered no later than
April 16 to be delivered in time for
Graduate Students expecting de-
grees at the June Commencement
must have their diploma applications
in the Graduate School office no later
than April 15.
Doctoral . Students expecting de-
grees this term are requested to file
the titles of their dissertations with
L.S.&A. Freshman Five-week Pro-
gress Reports will be given out in
the Academic Counselors' Office, 108"
Mason Hall, in the following order:.
Wednesday 1:30-4:00 S through Z.
Thursday, 9:00-12:00, 1:30-4:00 L
Friday, 9:00-12:00, 1:30-4:00 F
Saturday, 9:00-12:00 A through E.
Mentor Reports, College of Engi-
neering. Five-week grades for all
Engineering Freshmen are due in
Dean Crawford's Office tomorrow,
April 13. Report blanks will be fur-
nished by campus mail.
Physical Education-Women Stu-1
Registration for the outdoor sea-
son will take place in Barbour Gym-
nasium as follows:
Friday, April 12-8:00-12:15 and
Saturday, April 13-8:00-12:30
Business Administration: Students
who plan to transfer to the School of
Business Administration for the
Summer Session or Fall Semester
should file their applications imme-
diately in Room 108 Tappan Hall.
Elizabeth Sargent ,Lee Medical His-
Established in 1939 by bequest of
Professor Alfred O. Lee, a member of
the faculty of the University from
1908 until his death in 1938. The in-
come from the bequest is to be
awarded annually to a junior or sen-
ior premedical student in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts
for writing the best essay on some
topic concerning the history of medi-
cine. Freshmen in the Medical
School who are on the Combined
Curriculum in Letters and Medicine
are eligible to compete in the contest.
The following committee has been
appointed to judge the contest: As-
sistant Professor John Arthos, Chair-
man, Professor Adam A. Christman,
and Assistant Professor Frederick H.
The Committee has announced the
following topics for the contest:
1. History of a Medical Unit
2. Medical-Aid Man
3. Medicine in Industry
4. Tropical Medicine
Prospective contestants may con-
sult committee members, by appoint-
(1) A first prize of $50 and a second
prize of $25 are being offered, (2)
manuscripts should be 3,000 to 5,000
words in length, (3) the manuscripts
should be typed, double spaced, on
one, side of the paper only, (4) con-
testants must submit two copies of
their manuscripts, and (5) all manu-
scripts should be handed in at Room
1220 Angell Hall by May 31.
San Diego County Civil Service
announcement has been received in
this office for a "Librarian in
Charge of Schools." Salary range is
from $244 to $296 per month. Ap-
plicants must have had education
equivalent to that represented by
graduation from a college or univer-
sity and must possess certificate
showing successful completion of
one year of graduate work. Appli-
cants must have had at least three
years' professional library experi-
Closing date is April 18.
For further information, call at
the Bureau of Appointments, 201 Ma-
Miss Katherine M. Snyder, repre-
sentative of the Katharlne Gibbs
School for secretarial training and
Director of the Chicago school, will
be at the Michigan League Building
today after 4:00 p.m., and all day to-
morrow to hold individual confer-
ences with young women who are in-
terested in going to Katharine Gibbs
School for preparation. Appoint-
ment may be made through the Of-
fice of the Dean of Women.
All women students attending the
Slide Rule Ball tonight will have late
permission until 1:30.
WILLOW VILLAGE PROGRAM,
for veterans and their wives:
Friday, April 12. Leadership: How
.to be a Club Leader. Dr. Fred G.
Stevenson, Extension Service staff.
2:00 pm. and 8:00 p.m., Conference
Room, West Lodge.
Friday, April 12. Dancing Class for
beginners (couples). 7:00-8:00 p.m
Advanced (couples), 8:00-9:00 p.m.,
Auditorium, West Lodge.
Saturday, April 13. Open House
(dancing). 8:00-12:00 p.m., Auditor-
ium, West Lodge.
Sunday, April 14, Classical Music
Mr. Weldon Wilson will present a
well-balanced record concert, includ-
ing requests. 3:00-5:00 p.m., Office,
Sunday, April 14. Vespers. Rev. C.
H. Loucks of the Protestant Directors
Association will conduct a non-de-
nominational service. 4:00-5:00 p.m.,
Conference Room, West Lodge.
Sunday, April 14. Football Movie:
University of Michigan. vs. Great
Lakes; commentary by Robert .
Morgan, AssistantGeneral Secretary
of the Alumni Association. 7:30-8:30
p.m., Auditorium, West Lodge.
The Henry Russel Lecture. Dr.
Elizabeth C. Crosby, Professor of
Anatomy, will deliver the Henry Rus-
sel Lecture for 1945-46, "The Neuro-
anatomical Patterns Involved in Cer-
tain Eye Movements," at 4:15 P.m.,
Thursday, May 9, in the Rackham
Amphitheater. Announcement of
the Henry Russel Award for this
year will also be made at this time.
Geology 40. Will not meet this
morning (April 12) due to use of
room by Michigan Academy.
History 50, mid-semester, April 16,
10:00 a.m., ADAMS to KATZ, Room
B, Haven Hall; KAY to ZEEB, Room
1025 Angell Hall.
"Ancient Man in the Great Lakes
Region." Rotunda, University Muse-
um Building, through April 30.
The Regular Friday Night Program
of the English Language Institute
will be held in the Assembly Hall,
third floor of Rackham Building at
8:00 this evening.
Coffee Hour at Lane Hall today
from 4:30-6:00 p.m. Mr. and Mrs.
Theodore M. Newcomb will be guests
of honor. Everyone is invited.
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to visitors tonight from 7:30
to 9:30, to observe the Moon and Sa-
turn, if the sky is clear. Children
must be accompanied by adults. If
the sky is cloudy or nearly cloudy,
the Observatory will not be open.
Westminster Guild Bible Class at
7:30 p.m., in Russel Parlor. Dr. Lem-
on's topic will be "The Life and
Teachings of Jesus."
Wesleyan Guild will hold a Treas-
ure Hunt tonight from 8:30 to 12:00.
Groups will leave the church about
(Continued on Page 6)
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Cc
Margaret Farmer . .
Hale Champion . . .
Emily E. Knapp
Clark Baker .
Des Howarth . . . .
Anna chutz . . .
ontrol of Student Publications.
By Crockett Johnson
. . . . . .F . . . Managing Editor
. . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . . . . . . City Editor
.. . . .Associate Editor
. . . . . Associate Editor
.. .. . . . . ..Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. Women's Editor
Associate Women's Editor
You mean it, Mr. Shultz?
Somebody broke into your
house. . While you were
But-you should see the.
condition of the kitchen.
Did you tell himthat
OUR kitchen was broken
into only last week?
We should have left a note for Mrs. Shultz.
Complimenting her on the excellence of her
chocolate cake: Still, she failed to attend