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April 12, 1946 - Image 2

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-04-12

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PAGE TWO TH IE MICIGAN DAILy

FRIDAY, APRIL 12, 1946

Spain Threatened France,
epublican Leader Says,
Army Pay Hikes Discussed
(Jai ms Proof of Franco's Aggression;
1558SlatSenate Group Passes Draft Extension
For By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, April 11-A Spanish WASHINGTON, April 11-The fulls
Republican leader tonight tossed into one-year draft extension the armed
!Ji S pring the mounting controversy over the services seek was approved by the
Franco government a mysterious do- Senate Military Committe today, and
cument which he said showed that five different pay increase proposals
Lit. School Seniors Franco Spain was an aggressor na- were brought up on the floors of
tion threatening France. congress.
Are Largest Group The Spanish Republican, Fernan- The Senate committee, unable to
T do De Los Rios, declared at a news decide upon any particular one, re-
Dr. Frank. Robbins, assistant to conference that he hoped this docu- ported four of them for consideration
President Ruthven, revealed yester- ment would be laid before the United by the full Senate and tied three of
day that 1558 students are tentatively Nations Security Council when it the four in with the draft extension
listed to receive bachelors and mas- takes up the Polish charges that itself.
Spain is a threat to world peace and
tern degrees in June. that Franco is harboring German A House military subcommittee
prsenis n the l terary college com- scientists experimenting onnew, recommended the fifth, as a bill
prise the largest group in the esti- atomic age weapons. apart from the draft. In a separate
mate with 591 scheduled to receive Charges Are Political measure, the House committee has
diplomas. The Graduate School ranks In Washington, President Truman approved a nine-month extension
second with 339 persons to receive told reporters that the charges filed of the draft, now due to expire May
masters degrees. by Poland were political, but he de- 15, and this will come up in the
Other schools will be represented clined to say exactly what political House tomorrow.
in the graduation program as fol- implications he saw in the Polish The House group's pay increase
lows: College of Engineering, 121, accusation. TeHuegopspyices
School of Public Health, 85; School A majority of the Security Council plan would raise the pay of privates
of Business Administration, 80; lined up unofficially in favor of a from $50 to $75 a month and give
School of Nursing, 78; School of Edu- complete airing of Poland's charges proportionately smaller increases to
cation, 65; School of Music, 60; all other enlisted men and officers
School of Dentistry, 48; Law School, Cause Downfall up to colonel. This replaced a measure
34; School of Forestry and Conser- De Los Rios said severance of di- approved by the subcommittee yes-
vation, 33; School of Architecture; plomatic relations with Spain "by terday which would have provided a
19; and School of Pharmacy, 5. all of the United Nations collectively" flat $400 a year rise for all service-
Seniors in the Medical School will would, in the opinion of Spanish Re- men.
be graduated in December. Starting publicans, bring about Franco's The Senate committee, in an action
in 1947, medical students will follow downfall. which Chairman Thomas (D., Utah)
the same schedule as the rest of the . __ _ __ _conceded was highly unusual, re-
University. .AT ported to the' floor measures which
-- P .oosts ]vew would provide:
AcademuGM Re lal Prices 1. Pay increases for enlisted men
o7"only, ranging from $15 a month
WASHINGTON, April 11-(A)- for privates down to $2 for top ser-
(Continued from page 1) OPA announced today that retail geants.
professor of public finance at thy prices for new Pontiacs, Oldsmo- 2. Similar increases, but as a
University of Geneva. He has also bles, Buicks and Cadillacs built prior measure separate from the draft
carried out diplomatic missions v to the General Motors strike will extension.
the United States, France, and Great range from $66 to $417 higher than 3. An extra $50 a month for all
Britain, and is the author of numer- 1942 prices. officers and men serving at sea or
ous articles and books, including The agency said these prices reflect outside the United States.
"The Quest for Peace Since the World increases in wages and cost of ma- 4. A 20 per cent increase for all
War" (1940) and "The Crisis of De- terials incurred up to the fall of 1945. officers and men.
mocracy" (1938). They do not take into account, OPA
Ruthven To Speak said, the 181.7 cents hour wage in- Thomas sponsored the 20 per cent
Dr. Alexander G. Ruthven, presi- crease recently granted by GM at the increase, which is what the services
dent of the University, will discuss conclusion of the strike. themselves have recommended.
"The Progress of 50 Years with a
Glance at the Future" at the anniver-
sary dinner of the Academy at 6 p.m.
today in the League. LASSIbiDUAUDVERTISING
"Concerning Tools" will be the sub-
ject of the presidential address, to be
a - 4---,. 1~ --f----T

Salt Is Mined
Under Detroit
City Streets
Prof. Slawson Reveals
News at Symposium
The mining of salt deposits, which
may be a hundred million years old,
under the city steets of Detroit was
revealed by Prof. Chester B.
Slawson of the mineralogy depart-
ment in his tall on brine and salt in
the symposium on Michigan's natural
resources sponsored by Sigma Xi last
night.
The salt industry is the oldest one
in the state, he continued. Before the
region was settled by white men the
Indians operated several salt licks or
springs, one of which was located in
Saline about ten miles from Ann Ar-
bor.
Limestone Used As Fluxingstone
Prof. K. K. Landes of the geology
department, speaking on limestone,
said that the annual value of its pro-
duction in the state averaged around
$7,000,000 and that the chief uses for
it were as a fluxing stone in the steel
industry and nn making cement. The
Rogers City Quarry in Presque Isle
county has been called the largest
stone quarry in the world, he added.
Gas Producing Areas Needed
The figures of 23 billion cubic feet
of gas produced in the state last year
and the importation of 37 billion feet
indicate the need for finding fertile
areas for producing gas, Dr. George
V. Cohee of the U. S. Geological sur-
vey pointed out in a discussion of gas,
oil and coal production in the state.
A rather alarming fact was shown
the timer industry of the state when
Prof. Leigh J. Young of the School
of Forestry pointed out that the state
is cutting on the average 54.3 mil-
lions cubic feet less per year than it
is growing.
Valual;le State Gravel Production
Prof. George M. Stanley of the
geology department, in a survey of
gravel and water, illustrated the value
of gravel production in the state with
the story of a gravel pit outside Ann
Arbor, operating now, which has
yielded up to now a product worth
about $400,00.
Film on Volcano
To Be Shown
Ecology of Paricutin
Will Be Discussed
A colored'movie showing the erup-
tion of the Pariutin volcano will be
shown at 9 a.m. tomorrow in Rm. 25
Angell Hall in conjunction with the
Michigan Academy of Arts and Sci-
ences' meetings.
The volcano erupted early in 1943
in a corn field, an area dotted with
the cinder cones of eruptions of
earlier years, located in the state of
Michoacan, 250 miles west of Mexico
City.
Immediately following the hour-
long movie, a special program on the
Paricutin volcano, including a talk on
its geographic significance by Prof.
K. C. McMurray, will be presented.
Ten minute talks on the ecology of
Paricutin, including reptiles and am-
phibians by Prof. Norman Hartweg;
mammals and birds by Prof. William
H. Burt; and plants by Prof. W. Eg-
ler of the geography department of
Central Michigan College of Educa-
tion will follow. Prof. Robert T.
Hatt of the geography department
of Cranbrook, will describe the ac-
complishments of the National Re-
search Council Committee on the
Paricutin volcano.

Psychological
Group To Meet
The annual meeting of the. Michi-
gan Psychological Association will be
held following the meeting of the
psychological section of the Michi-
gan Academy of Arts and Sciences
at 9:30 a.m. today in Rm. 25 of An-
gell Hall.
The Association will also hold din-
ner at the League today. Prof. Carl
R. Rogers of the University of Chi-
cago will be the speaker, lecturing on
the topic "Implications of Non Direc-
tive Therapy for the Handling of So-
cial Conflicts." Prof. Rogers is a
teacher of psychology at the Univer-
sity of Chicago and is also dean of
students. During 1944-45, he was in
charge of a special training program
for USO workers.
Buy Easter Seals!

BLACK MARKETER ATTACKED BY ITALIAN CROWD-A black
marketer (arrow, top photo), runs from pursuing crowd at Foggie, Italy
railroad station after the crowd raided black marketers riding in a Bol-
ogna-Bari train March 31. Brandishing clubs, the crowd attacks its
quarry (bottom photo).
German Communist Leader
Charges Junkers Plot War

CLASSIFIED
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Contract Rates on Request
LOST AND FOUND
LOST: Gold bead necklace Thurs.
noon in vicinity of Mich. League
or Union. Family heirloom. Re-
ward. Phone 6632.
LOST: Black and gold Parker "51".
Probably in Romance Languages.
Substantial reward. Call Beverly,
3306.
LOST: Log-log duplex slide rule in
West Engineering Bldg. Please call
owner at 24551. Reward.
LOST: Single strand pearls, April 5-
Angell Hall, Natural Science, Jor-
dan or points between. Jean Rae,
2-4561. Reward.
LOST: Black Parker "51" pen with
Gold Cap. Lost Wednesday, March
28. Please call 6232. Reward.
UHAS.
HOGAN'S BAGGAGE
Phone 2-1721,
TRUNKS, PARCELS
Small Move Jobs
INSURED

WANTED
MIDWAY Bicycle Shop, 322 E. Lib-
erty. We have rebuilt used bikes
for sale. Your bike can be expertly
repaired also.
HELP WANTED
HIELP WANTED: Fountain help, top
pay, hours to your convenience.
Apply in person to Mr. Lombard or
Mr. Benden. Witham's Drug Store,
corner of S. University and Forest.
HELP WANTED-Male. Part time
and weekends. Allenel Hotel.
WANTED-Experienced waitress for
part time work. Apply Mr. L. W.
Anderson, Willow Run Bowling Al-
leys. 1065 Midway, Willow Run
Village. Phone Ypsi. 1852.
WANTED: Men who would be inter-
ested in waiting table or dish wash-
ing in exchange for meals. Theta
Chi, 1351 Washtenaw phone 2-3236.
WANTED: Students to wait on tables
or wash dishes at Hillel Founda-
tion all or part of week of April
15-23. Phone Miss Goldberg 2-6585.'
WANTED: Waitresses. Both steady
and part time. Dish washer and all -
around kitchen help and part time
lady for cleaning. Mrs. Monroe.
Farm Cupboard. Ph. 8358.
MISCELLANEOUS
RENT A JUKE BOX for your party!
$12.00 including records. Ph. 22878.
MARRIED STUDENTS: Hospitaliza-
tion insurance for your wives. 1399
Sudbury, Willow Run. Phone Ypsi-
lanti 3583W2.

BERLIN, April 11-(,P)-Old Prus-
sian Junkers in semi-hiding already
are plotting to rebuild Germany's war
potential, even as they did in the
1920's, says Walter Ulbricht, Ger-
many's number two Communist lead-
er.
Ulbricht, baldish and goateed dep-
uty chairman of the German Com-
munist Party, says that as long as
"these fascists can open their
mouths," the occupying armies will
have to stay on the job within Ger-
many's borders.
Try To Merge Parties
Now. well established with head-
quarters in the Russian sector of
Berlin, Ulbricht took the lead in at-
tempting to merge the Communist
Party with the Social Democrats into
what is to be known as the Socialist
Unity Party.
The Communists consider the
merger an accomplished fact in the
Russian zone and, said Ulbricht, plan
WAR CRIMES:
Witness Say
He Defied Hitler
order To Shoot
NUERNBERG, April 11 - (P) -
Banging the witness stand, Ernest
Kaltenbrunner today denounced as
"a crazy lie" charges that he had or-
dered liquidation of concentration
campdinmates and contendedhe had
risked his life to defy a Hitler order
to shoot allied parachutists.
The lanky former chief of Nazi se-
curity police opened his defense be-
fore the international military tri-
bunal witha declaration that "I
know the whole world hates me.
Blamed Himmler
He spent five hours on the stand
trying to prove that such hatred was
misplaced, and to pin the blame on
Heinrich Himmler and on Hitler.
The basic premise of his defense
was that, although he was Reinhard
Heydrich's successor, he was not real-
ly chief of the Gestapo but was mere-
ly head of its intelligence service,
without executive powers.
Confronted with orders that bore
his signature, Kaltenbrunner con-
tended they were rubber-stamped
and actually went from Himmler di-
rectly to executive subordinates.
Protested Decrees
Kaltenbrunner said he had pro-
tested repeatedly to Hitler and
Himmler against their decrees which
violated international law, especially
a Hitler order to shoot parachutists.
Continuous from 1 P.M.
Weekdays 30c to 5 P.M.
-TODAY and SATURDAY

to announce it officially at a party
rally April 21 and 22.
However, the Social Democratic
Party in the French, British and
American zones of Berlin voted 18,-
529 to 2,937 against the merger
March 31 and, in those three zones at
least, the Communists appear to .have
little chance of effecting the merger
now or when a central German gov-
ernment is formed.
Reds Refused Vote
At the last minute the Russians re-
fused to allow the Social Democrats
to vote in the Soviet zone and closed
the polls with police aid. The possi-
bility that the Russians might per-
mit a vote at a later date was con-
sidered remote.
Meanwhile, Ulbricht contends that
the democratizing of Germany is go-
ing slowly except in the Russian
zone, perhaps a natural conclusion
for he is under Russian aegis and
spent years in Russia learning the
Soviet line.
He contends that the new SUP pro-
gram to be enunciated this month
will contain a land reform that will
solve that problem. The land will be
redistributed among, the Genuine
farmers, he says.
"We must put it all in the hands of
the farmers because the farmers
guarantee peace."
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