THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Veterans Housimg Bill
Is Approved by Senate
REPORT FROM ITALY:
Polish Veterans Reluctant To Go Home
No Ceiling on Prices
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 10-A vete-
rans housing bill designed to speed
the construction of 2,700,000 new
dwellings by the end of nex, year
passed the Senate today and went
back to the house for consideration of
The Senate provided for $600,000,-
000 in subsidies on scarce building
materials-an item denied by the
House-but neither body gave its
approval for the establishment of
price ceilings on existing homes and
building lands. Housing expediter
Wilson Wyatt had laid great stress on
the necessity for both these provi-
Vote 63 to 14
Final approval came on a roll call
vote of 3 to 14. Twelve Republicans
and two Democrats voted against it.
While the veterans housing mea-
To Feature UN Talks
Marking its 50th annivarsary, the
Michigan Academy of Arts and Sci-
ences, composed of both amateur and
professional scientists, will meet here
tomorow and Saturday.
Papers and lectures by scientists
in 17 different fields, from anthro-
pology through fine arts and land-
scaping to zoology, will make up the
programs of the individual sections
meeting tomorrow morning and af-
ternoon and Saturday morning.
Swiss To Speak
Dr. Willian E. Rappard, director
of the University of Geneva, Swil -
zerland, will deliver the general lec-
ture of the Academy at 4:15 p.m. to-
morrow in Rackham Lecture hall. His
subject will be "The Mandate Sys-
tem and the United Nations Organi-
zation." The lecture is sponsored
jointly by the Michigan Academy and
the University's department of poli-
President Alexander G. Ruthven
will speak on "The Progress of 50
Years with a Glance at the Future"
at the anniversary dinner at 6 P m.
tomorrow in the League.
"Concerning Tools" will be the sub-
ject of the presidential address, o be
delivered at the dinner by Alfred L.
Nelson, president of the Academy and
professor of mathematics at Wayne
Officers for the coming year will
be elected at a business meeting Sat-
Tl' Michigan Academy of Arts
and Sciences is affiliated with the
American Association for the Ad-
vancement of Science.
MYDA To Send Aid
To Spanish in Exile
MYDA will send aid for Spanish
republicans in exile to the Committee
for Spanish Freedom and to a fund
sponsored by the Hindustanic League
for the relief of famine in India, pres-
ident Mat Chernotsky announced
3 00 0
sure headd oad a conference with
the House for adust ment of differ-
ences, the Sena e made a long-range
housing measure its unfinished busi-
ness and will get, down to work on
Although the Administration lost,
33 to 41, in its at tempt to apply price
ceilings on existing houses, it tri-
umphed 50 to 25 in beating down an
amendment by Senator Buck (Rep.,
Del.) which would have reduced the
subsidy fund to $400,000,000.
By an even heavier ma oiity- 54
to 19-it crushed an effort by Sena-
[or Wherry (Rep., Neb.) to give vet-
erans direct subsidies of 5 per cert
on the purchase of old or new homes,
with no veteran to get more than
Defeat oft he w rovisioi 1for r1i
ceilings on existin ghouses ceel as
a surprise, siim only a small amount
of opposition to it had been heard
ince the bill leared the ankig
committee. TIhe housing expeitr will
have power to set ceilings on new
houses under the Senate bill, but the
Administration apparently will have
to give up its desire for authority to
make the first resale prie of exist-
ing houses and building lots the ceil-
ing price during the emergency.
Wilson W. Wyatt has been serv-
ing in this role undceiapresidential
order and is expected to be reappoint-
ed to the $12,000 job set up by the
The expediter would have ithor-
ity to allocate scarce materials, fix
ceilings on rents and any new homes
constructed, and direct oher gov-
ernment agencies to aid the vast
home building effort.
All emergency provisions would ex-
pire at the end of 1947.
The need for a Federal World
Government will be presented by
Prof. Preston Slosson of the history
department at a meeting sponsored
by the Committee for Liberal Action
at 8 p.m. Monday in the Union.
In conjunction with an appeal
made by Anchor and Eagle, a veter-
ans' organization at Northwestern
University, the ClA will announce
plans for a rally advocating Federal
World Government shortly. The
Northwestern University growp is
sending out two teams of four stu-
dents each to speak on a World Gov-
ernment at campuses throughout the
Prof. Slosson recently attended a
conference on international control
of the atomic bomb at Rollins Col-
lege. A system of international in-
spection and control and a strong in-
ternational government were advo-
cated as the only defense against
the bomb by representatives of labor
and radio, Congressmen and Sena-
This informative meeting, open to
the public, will prelude a World Gov-
ernment rally later this term. A short
business meeting of the CLA will pre-
cede the program.
ANCONA. April 10-t/P)-Veterans,
of the Polish Second Army are mul-
ling over the Polish government's
offer of repariation recently an-
nounced by British Foreign Minister
Ernest Bevin, but they are not hurry-
ing to hit the trail for home.
Most of them, judging by six hours
of interviews with members of three
battalions stationed near Ancona, are
eying the offer suspiciously.
They suggest that if Gen. Wladis-
law Ander's army is to be demobil-
ized, its members should be settled
elsewhere than in Poland, at least for
the time being.
Some of them who have met Cana-
dian troops and learned to like them,
say: "Why not Canada?"
Others gladly would go to Chicago
where, they have heard, there are a
million of their countrymen.
Nearly all say "anywhere but Po-
land." They would like to go home,
but "not," as many of 50 men inter-
viewed repeated over and over, "while
the Russians are there."
Many of them had been in Russian
jails. Some said they did not know
why they were sentenced. Others
said they were sentenced because
they were members of the regular
Polish army. Some served two years
of sentences ranging up to 15 years,
frequently commuted from original
Tough campaigners of Monte Cas-
sino, captors of Bologna, these mem-
bers of the 7th, 8th and 9th battal-
ions of the 3rd brigade of the Car-
pathian Division said they had been
discussing little else than the chance
to go home.
But of those interviewed, only six
professed willingness to go. All were
driven by the desire to see families
they had not heard from for two or
three years, and all expressed "a
hope for the best."
The number that may decide vol-
untarily to go home is not expected
to be large, but could change in
either direction depending upon de-
velopments at the United Nations
meeting in progress in New York. No
deadline has been set by British au-
thorities for the men to decide.
Many especially those who were
forced to fight in the German Army,
wonder how the treason clause in the
Warsaw government statement of
repatriation will be interpreted. Oth-
ers have no confidence in the state-
ment because "nobody signed it."
Some described Poland's support of
Russia in Iran's case as "the best
proof that Poland is not free."
Another expressed fear that "Po-
land would be forced to become a
Soviet republic like Lithuania."
A stocky sergeant major, three
times wounded and a veteran of
Monte Cassino, said simply: "Yes you
can use my name. It is Rudolf Dem-
bicki. I am from Tarnopol in south-
east Poland. I will not go back."
New Plastic Resists
Strong Heat, Acids
ATLANTIC CITY, N.J., April 10-
(W--A new industrial plastic, describ-
ed as resisitant to corrosion by strong
acids and capable of withstanding
temperatures up to 575 degrees, was
announced to the American Chemical
Chemists were also told of the ex-
perimental development of a new
synthetic rubber which "bounces
higher than present synthetic rubber
(and) can be stretched more."
GEN. MARSHALL AT PEARL HARBOR HEARING-Gen. George C.
Marshall (left) Army Chief of Staff, talks with Sen. Alben W. Barkley
(Dem., Ky.) of the Senate-house Pearl harbor investigating committee,
as he appeared as a witness at reopening of hearing on the 1941 disas-
ter. Marshall insisted that he knew nothing of any attempt to reach him
on the night of Dec. 6, 1941.
Lewis Scuttles Coal Negotiations;
Leaves With Blast at Operators
BE AT THE SUMM ER RUSH
WASHINGTON, April 10-IP)-
The government intervened in an at-
tempt to revive collapsed coal strike
negotiations tonight after John L.
Lewis had jammed his hat on his
head and walked out of the parley
with a blast at the mine owners.
Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach
announced that he had arranged to
meet with Lewis and the operators
tomorrow and try to get the nego-
Growls to Operators
As Lewis took his walk, he growled
to the operators that he trusts "time"
will "modify your niggardly and anti-
The operators in turn challenged
"The, right of any labor organiza-
tion to stall and play politics when
a basic American industry is shut
down." Their statement expressed
hopedthat Lewis "will change his
attitude and resume meetings."
It was generally recognized that
the 10-day-old coal strike, if pro-
longed, will confront the nation with
perhaps its greatest postwar econom-
ic crisis. There was some expecta-
tion that Dr. John R. Steelman, spe-
cial labor assistant to President Tru-
man, might take an active hand.
Paul W. Fuller, special conciliator,
went into a long huddle with Schwel-
lenbach and conciliation director Ed-
gar L. Warren. None of them would
comment on the conference. Fuller
said, however, that he understands
the President does not want to seize
the struck mines and that the union
and the operators do not want a fact-
' ,Cti '
, L° :: -
~hoppiiigdays lefit to
O,uler your coly of time
1 ' q
TH E EARLY BIRD
q( 5 ilMe Rom!
Suddenly, it's Spring . .
the best vacation time!
Many hotels and resorts
r port finest facilities are
still available for vaca-
tionists who plan to come
in April or May. How-
ever, be sure to get ad-
GO IN COMFORT
on Mid-Week Days
There's a big rush coming
this summer - and it's al-
ready started on many
weekend schedules ... so
take your vacation trip in
the Springtime, and )cave
between Monday and Fri-
day. Phone now for infor-
rnation on Greyhound's
convenient schedules and
116 W. Huron
THE ODDS ARE
ALL IN YOUR FAVOR
Sample Springtime Vacti on ideas
SNIC X(ITEMENT-1N DOING TMllTOWN-INi
HISTORY StiL tWtES-!T GOING AIROAD-10
XP OING*T GET- l IDING-IN
ALWNATS VACATION TIMI--IN GOLFING-
jifT LOAFING- ENJOYING NATURE--
GAY DAYS AND NIGHTS-
SII'?4 irn A 'OWS (AMAL-IN
SECOND HON YMOO-AT
DUD E IAI~otSIH"' NI iNG-I
DlDtM& ll=tI lli!-!
When you're not quite sure about
a telephone tnumber and you
wonder whether to call 'iuforna-
tion -pleasc reiemer: dhe
odds are that the number you
want is right there, in the book,
In Michigan, 3 out of 5 calls to
"Information" are for nundbers
listed in the Telephne Directory.
There are so many of these un-
necessary calls that answering
them adds up to more than 1,000
wasted hours of operator and
switchboard time every day.
You can help us to save that
time and give better service on
- ;.the necessary calls if you'll co-
operate in these two simple ways:
1 Please look in the Directory be.
fore you call "'Information."
' 2 If the number isn't listed and
t ' y.
"She'd better get a
new Jonathan Logan dress if
she ever expects to make him
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