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April 06, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-04-06

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I

TUITION AND
COSMOPOIXTANISM
see Page 4

Y

Sw uy&rn

~Iai4p

CLOUDY WITH

SHOWERS

VOL. LVI, No. 107 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 6, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Iran, Soviet AgreeI
On Oil Firm Plan

Evacuatiai Date
Set For Red roops
By The Associated Press
TEHERAN, April 5-Iran and Rus-
sia agreed today on initial plans for
a Soviet-Persion oil company, set a
deadline for evacuation of Russian
troops, and earmarked troublesome
Azerbaijan province as an "internal"
problem for Iran to settle "in benevo-
lent spirit."
Heavy Russian artillery, tanks and
armored vehicles by the score moved
northward today across the Soviet-
Iranian frontier at the Caspian sea-
port of Astara. In Teheran there was
general rejoicing and relief over the
day's developments.
Prince Mozaffar Firouz, director of
propaganda, said that the negotia-
tions settled "all outstanding ques-
tions between the two countries on a
basis of complete reciprocity and
good will."
Three Point Agreement
No treaty was signed, he said, but
the three-point agreement was an-
nounced in a communique signed by
Premier Ahmed Qavam and Soviet
Ambassador Ivan Sadchikov.
The three points are:
1. Red army troops will evacuate
all Iranian territory within one and
one half months from March 24,
1946.
2. An agreement for formation of
a joint Iranian-Soviet oil company
and its terms will be submitted to the
15th Majlis (parliament) for its ap-
proval within seven months after
March 24.
3, With regard to Azerbaijan, since
it is an internal Iranian affair, peace-
ful arrangements will be made be-
tween the government, and the peo-
ple of Azerbaijan for carrying out of
improvements, in accordance with the
existing laws and in benevolent spirit
toward the people of Azerbaijan."
(Word of the new agreement was
received with obvious caution by dip-
lomats of the United Nations in New
York, where yesterday the Security
Council had voted to postpone fur-
ther discussions of the Iranian issue
until May 6.)
Firouz Explains Oil Plan
Firouz explained that in regard to
formation of the oil company "only
an agreement in principle was
reached, and details will be worked
out later subject, of course, to ap-
proval of the Parliament."
The term of the last Iranian par-
liament expired on March 11, and no
new elections can be held, according
to the Iranian constitution, while for-
eign troops remain in the country.
Firouz said that an election would
be called "as soon as the evacuation
is completed, which according to the
agreement is May 6."
Iranian Plain
Surprises UN
Situation Viewed with
General Satisfaction
NEW YORK, April 5-01P-Rus-
sia's new agreement with Iran, open-
ing the door to Iranian oil to the
Soviet Union, apparently caught the
United Nations Security Council by
surprise today, but there was a gen-
eral disposition in UN circles to view
the overall picture with satisfaction.
Furthermore, there was immedi-
ate speculation that the negotiations
in Teheran, which obviously were
going on while the council debated
the ques.tion of Russian troops in
Iran, was the real answer to the rid-
die of why Soviet delegate Andrei A.
Gromyko insisted on delaying the
Iranian matter until April 10-and
then walked out when the council
voted against him,
It now becomes apparent that
Russia, Iran and the Security Council
have achieved their aims in this man-
ner:

1. Russia will have access, along
with the United States and Great
Britain, to Iranian oil, since the new
agreement provides formation of a
joint Iranian-Soviet oil company.
2. Iran has unqualified promises
from Russia to pull the Red Arrny
out of Iran by May 6.
3. The Security Council succeeded
in making clear to the small nations
of the world that they can come be-
fore the new world peace agency and
be heard on a basis of equality with
the big powers.
Debate ou NAMFPlair
To Be Held Today,
The national labor policy proposed
by the National Association of Man-

He declared that the Iranian cabi-
net "gave unanimous approval" to
the communique announcing the
agreement. He emphasized that no
formal treaty was signed, saying "no
question of treaty existed."
Firouz commented that the Azer-
baijan problem would be worked out
with the autonomous government on
the "understanding that certain so-
cial and economic reforms will be
started throughout the country"
He said he was glad to express the
"satisfaction with which the Persian
government and people interpret this
happy event, which we hope will
bring about a new era in relations be-
tween the Persianand the Russian
people.
Naval Aviation
Prograi Open
For Enlistment
Tltrstinces To Rteive
Two Years 0f College
The Navy's peacetime program for
training naval aviators has been re-
opened, according to an announce-
ment from the Naval Officer Pro-
curement Office in Detroit.
College students who are 17 to 20 /2
years old, and high school graduates
who will be ready to enter college
next fall and are under 19% years of
age, may enlist in this program for
service in the post-war Navy.
The plan provides for enlistees to
select the college of their own choice
and to pursue any program they wish.
While in college, they will wear civil-
ian clothes and will be considered on
inactive duty status.
The Navy will pay for tuition,
books, fees, and a monthly allowance
of $50. Upon completion of four se-
mesters of work, the trainees will be
given 15 months of flight training be-
fore being commissioned ensigns.
Interested high school or college
students may write Naval Officer
Procurement, 947 Book Building, De-
troit, or. visit their nearest Navy re-
cruiting station.
Veteran, Case
Flares up Aga(in
Health Officer GFives
New lDefelise Evidlence
The case of David Reed, veteran,
versus <John Veenstra, city Health
Inspector, flared uip again this week
with t he defense entering as evidencN:
thle testimony of lDr 0tto Eigelke,
Wasitcia w County Health Officer.
Reed protested to the Common
Council March 18 that~ he returned to
Ann Arbor to find the house he had
rented to Veenstra in "unspeakably
filthy condition." The house is lo-
cated at 3700 E. Huron River Dr.
Thursday night the Common
Council heard a letter from Veenstra
which scored Reed oin "maicious
charges"anyd accused him of making
accudr'taestatements to the Coun -
Cil oncerning repossession of his h h ero-
per ty.
The Council also heard a letter
from Dr. Engelke, who inspected the
house and yard and found them to
be "as clean as anyone could possibly
niake them."
Veenstra further charged that Reed
gave him insutfficient time to find
a new residence before evicting hin
from the premises.
In presenting his case to the
Council. Reed asked that,"something
be done about it." The Council hasr
not yet returned anverdict.

Speeded Aid
For Hungry
Europe Seen
Home Flour Uses
May Be Slashed
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 5-The pro-
duction of flour forsAmerican con-
sumption may be slashed and the
price of wheat boosted to speed lag-
ging exports of the bread grain to
hungry areas in Europe.
The price increase would be de-
signed to pull grain off farms and
away from livestock feed bins to make
more available for export.
Price Increase Discussed
Talk of increasing the price as
much as 25 cents a bushel in the very
near future arose in some govern-
ment circles today after Secretary
Anderson disclosed that wheat -and
flour exports during the first quar-
ter of the year fell short of the goal.
Anderson said he expected greater
difficulties in the present quarter.
Accompanying a price rise may be
an order reducing the production of
flour for domestic consumption about
25 percent. President Truman's Fa-
mine Emergency Committee has re-
commended that Americans volun-
tarily reduce their consumption of
wheat products 40 percent during
the present world food crisis.
Expert Promises Unfulfilled
The fact that American exports
of wheat are falling behind govern-
ment promises to famine-stricken
areas was laid before President Tru-
man today by Anderson and Secre-
tary of Commerce Wallace. No com-
ment was available on the White
House conference.
Many farm leaders have contended
that if sufficient grain is to be se-
cured to meet domestic and foreign
food requirements, the price regula-
tion between grains and livestock
must be changed so as to reduce the
volume of feeding.
Apology Asked
From Pepper on
Policy Attack
WASHINGTON, April 5-I)-Sen-
ator Andrews called upon Senator
Pepper, his Florida colleague and fel-
low Democrat, today to apologize to
President Truman and Secretary of
State Byrnes for his speech yester-
day attacking America's foreign pol-
icy.
Earlier, Senator Myers (Dem., Pa.)
had followed Pepper's lead in as-
sailing Britain's foreign tactics,
bringing that nation's policies under
the Senate for the second successive
day.
Treaty Violation Cited
Andrews told a reporter that the
sentiment expressed by Pepper "does
not represent the feeling and senti-
ment of the great mass of people in
Florida."
Myers asserted that Great Britain
violated a treaty with the United
States, and the United Nations Char-
ter, in granting independence to
Transiordan, formerly a part of the
Palestine mandate.
U. S, Agreement Needed
Yesterday Senator Pepper (Dem.,
Fla.) complained that the British
treaty with Transordan permits
English troops to remain in that
country and that real control is left
in British hands. Myers called upon
the State Department, in a speech
today, to "explain its lack of pro-
test." Myers also asked the Senate

to look into the situation.
Myers said that under the Anglo-
American agreement of 1924, Britain
was required to obtain United States
agreement before taking such action
as the Transjordan treaty.

Sleep Is Greeted,
Justice .D,,feated
Morpheus obstructed county
justice yesterday when Circuit
Judge James R. Breakey was forc-
ed to declare a mistrial in the ase
of Wylie Wells vs. Mabel Fish-
back.
Judge Breakey's reason for the
mistrial: one of our local juror
was sleeping through the testi-
mony. Ah Spring .
Pre-Election
Rally Wll e
Held Monday
rpeeial jle Song
Adapted for Meeting
The pre-election rally for student
government Monday at Hill Audi-
torium will introduce a special theme
song as a feature of the wide-scale
publicity campaign to arouse stu-
dent interest.
Intended originally for the musical,
"Barefoot Boy With Cheek," the mu-
sic was written by Ruth Wolkowsky
with words by Mary Fisher. Barbara
Weisberg and Barbara Lee Smith
have fitted the words to the student
government theme, urging support of
one of the alternate consitutions to
be discussed at the rally Monday.
Proposals To Be Ratified
Students at the rally will be asked
to ratify either the Congress-Cabinet
or Council-Forum constitution at the
all-campus elections Tuesday and
Wednesday of next week. 3,000 votes
will be necessary for ratification.
Publicity for the rally will reach
its climax this week-end with sand-
wich board advertisers parading on
campus byways, satirical skits em-
phasizing the value of reforms, ra-
dio interviews, house-to-house speak-
ers, and posters and banners posted
in most-frequented campus spots.
The rally program will feature the
University Band, discussions on the
two constitutions and a short skit on
present student-University relations.
Newcomb to Lead Debate
Debate on the alternate .student
government plans will seek to clarify
differences between the two consti-
tutions for voters at the all-campus
elections. Chairman of the rally will
be Prof. Theodore Newcomb of the
sociology department.
Copies of the two constitutions will
be made available at the rally, al-
though no partisan literature will be
allowed. Joint-sponsors are the Un-
ion and League.
Proposed Draft
Stoppage Gains
Iegistration Without
Inductioni Is Provided
WASHINGTON, April 5--(A) - A
proposal to halt virtually all draft in-
ductions after May 15, 1946, made
quick headway today in the House
Military Committee.
The new move would extend the
draft law from May 15, to February
15, 1947, but in effect would prohibit
any new inductions under it. How-
ever, it would require the continued
registration of all youths as they
become 18.
Because of a late afternoon House
session, the committee postponed a
vote on the new proposal until next
Tuesday.
Rep. Harness (Rep., Ind.), author
of the registration-without-induction
proposal, admitted to reporters that
the effect of his bill would be to stop

inductions and end the draft until
February 15.
An amendment to it, tentatively
accepted by the committee, would
permit the induction, even after May
15, of youths who are eligible for in-
duction before that time.

House Committee Passes
OPAYear Extension with
Price-Boost Amendment

PROF. RALPH A. SAWYER, on leave from the Department of Physics,
and wartime laboratory director at the Naval Ordnance Proving Grounds,
Dahlgren, Va., is technical director under Rear Admiral W. S. Parsons
for Operations Crossroads. A recognized leader in the field of spectro-
chemical analysis, Prof. Sawyer has termed the Marshall Islands tests
of Joint Army and Navy Task Force One as essentially an ordnance
proving grounds trial of "a weapon against a new target under new con-
ditions."
-Joint Army and Navy Task Force One Photo
-o
Full Powers of Atomic Energy
Board Revealed for First Time

WASHINGTON, April 5-(I)-The
Senate bill for atomic energy control
would vest in one federal civilian
agency sweeping powers in this field
exceeding anything this nation has
ever seen in peacetime.
A special Senate atomic energy
committee which has spent months in
writing measures expects to complete
it next week and send it to the floor
for action.
The entire bill was made public
today. Hitherto, the provisions have
been announced piecemeal.
Here are some of the broad powers
which would be assigned to the five-
man atomic energy commission:
Ownership of all fissionable mate-
rials but not raw materials from
which they are produced would be
vested in the commission. Without
prejudice to its ownership, the com-
mission could distribute the fission-
able materials, with or without
charge, for research and medical
therapy, and-under stringent super-
vision of the President and Congress
-license the industrial use of atomic
energy.
The commission-and only the
commission-would be authorized to
produce or provide for the production
of fissionable materials, and it would
own all the facilities for their pro-
duction.
It could distribute radioactive by-
product materials for science and in-
dustry, but it would be barred from
distributing any fissionable or source

material to any person outside the
jurisdiction of the United States or
to any foreign government.
The commission would be author-
ized to do research and development
work in the military applications of
atomic energy. It could engage in
the production of atomic bombs or
other atomic weapons, but only after
obtaining the express consent and di-
rection of the President. Such con-
sent and direction would have to be
obtained at least once each year.
Taylor Aroused
Over UN Split
Iran Situation Review
Is Given by Senator
WASHINGTON, April 5--0)-Sen-
ator Taylor (D., Idaho) said tonight
that "the great 'victory' over Russia
our press is celebrating came too
close to being a victory for the mak-
ers of World War TIT"
His comment was made in a review
of the Iranian situation.
Addressing a "win - the - peace"
meeting attended by representatives
of various organizations over the
country, Taylor quoted Chairman
Connally (D., Texas) of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee as hav-
ing said the "United Nations can go
its way, with or without Russia."
Taylor declared, however:
"Without Russia-or without the
United States or without Great Brit-
ain-the United Nations and its Se-
curity Council cease to be instru-
ments for the preservation of peace
and become merely the ante-cham-
bers where war alliances are ar-
ranged and preparation for war com-
pleted."
Referring to an assertion by Rep.
Rankin (D., Miss.) on the House floor
that the three-day conference was
sponsored by "a bunch of Con mnun-
ists," and to the withdrawal of their
names as sponsors by four represen-
tatives, Taylor said:
"If I were going to resign (from
sponsorship) because there are Com-
munists among us, I would have to
get out of the Democratic party be-
cause Communists voted with us,"

Legislation To
Hike'Consumer
Costs Higher
Reconversion Items
Will Be Most Affected
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 5-Legisla-
tion giving OPA a full year's new
lease on life was approved 13 to 4 to-
day by the House banking commit-
tee, after it wrote in an amendment
which an - OPA official estimated
would boost consumer costs by over
$500,000,000 a year.
Chairman Spence (Dem., Ky.) said
the amendment, curbing OPA's ap-
plication of its retail price absorp-
tion program, would hike prices on
autos, refrigerators and many other
reconversion items.
The OPA official, speaking pri-
vately to reporters, said the amend-
ment would jump the price of an av-
erge auto $60.
"Consumer Be Damned"
Rep. Outland (Dem., Calif.), a com-
mittee member, told newsmen this
and other amendments "can be in-
terpreted as saying but one thing:
'the consumer be damned'."
The committee rejected, 13 to .9,
a proposal by Rep. Wolcott (Rep.,
Mich.) to limit OPA's new life span
to nine months. No change was made
in rent ceiling regulations, and the
committee steered clear of the issue
of increasing farm parity. Some sen-
ators have announced they will seek
to put the parity revision into the
bill whenit reaches that body.
Amendments Added
As the committee tossed the OPA
extension bill to the House floor for
consideration, it bore these impor-
tant revisions through amendments:
1. Mandatory but gradual liquida-
tion of price-con-rols in various areas
of the economy as supply comes into
balance with demand. This puts the
major responsibility for relaxing con-
trols squarely in the lap of President
Truman, rather than with OPA
2. A requirement that OPA allow
the trade's historical retail profit
margins on reconversion items such
as automobiles and refrigerators, on
which production was curtailed se-
verely during the war.
3. A ban on OPA's maximum av-
erage price policy by which the agen-
cy attempts to force manufacturers
to produce low cost clothing.
Termination of Subsidies
4. A requirement for gradual ter-
mination of the government's war-
initiated $2,000,000,000 annual sub-
sidy program, including payments to
hold down food prices.
5. A policy statement that OPA
shbuld allow price adjustments for
"transient" hotels - making a dis-
tinction between a transient and an
apartment hotel.
6. Directions to OPA, in determin-
ing cotton and wool fabric ceilings,
to take into account the actual price
of raw cotton or the parity price,
whichever is highest,
State Primary
Campaign Is On
Lee To Be Candidate
Against Vandenberg
DETROIT, April 5-GP)-Political
jockeying in Michigan continued to-
day as a Democratic candidate for
United States senator and a second
Democratic candidate for lieutenant
government came forward while Re-
publican primary candidates for gov-
ernor awaited the starting gun of the
1946 campaign.
James H. Lee, Detroit assistant cor-
poration counsel for 34 years, will
appear on the ballot for Senator, he

announced. His is the first opposi-
tion in either party to the reelection
of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg,
Republican.
Osmund Kelly, 37 year old veteran
and former mayor of Flint, will op-
pose Mrs. Constance Murphy for the
Democratic nomination for lieuten-
ant governor,
State Senator George Girrbach, of
Saulte Ste. Marie, today announced
candidacy in the June 18 Republican
primary for the state governorship.
At Ecnaba, .Herbert . Ruishton.

{

NATIONAL NEWS ROUNDUP:
es ArmyTalk

r!1fIffwn To Speak in Chicago
EN ROUTE TO CHICAGO WITH PRESIDENT TRUMAN, April 5 -
(/') ---President TJ'ruman sped toward Chicago by special train tonight for a
major foreign policy pronouncement.
The address, to be delivered at 4 p.m. tomorrow (Saturday) before an
Army Day audience ni Soldier Field, is billed as a follow-up to his New
York Navy Day speech, On that occasion he outlined a 12-point foreign
policy and pledged tie United States to use its military strength solely to
prevent war.
[ci. Ins qrqnce Plhysical Needless
x Yn Y a - - - a

delegates attending the Michigan Education Association's representative
assembly meeting here today.
Biaruch Appointment Approved
WASHINGTON, April 5 -(IP)- The Senate confirmed today Ber-
nard M. Baruch, New York financier, as this country's representative
on the United Nations Commission on Atomic Energy.
Action was without objection.
* * ,- *
Senate Passes Wage Boost
WASHINGTON, April '5 -(P)- A bill boosting the minimum wage
from 40 to 65 cents an hour, and carrying a higher-farm-price amendment

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