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March 27, 1946 - Image 4

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PAGE FOUR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 27, 1948

. . ... ................. _. .............. ...... ...... - _

I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Coalitions Work Two Ways

By SAMUEL GRAFTON
0NE wonders how good the chances are that a
Liberal Bloc may emerge on the national
scene to challenge the existing Conservative
Bloe of Republicans and dissident Southern De-
mocrats; and one is forced to report that the
chances do not seem half bad. Party government
Js better than bloc government, but there is a
possibility, at the present gaudy stage in the
political affairs of the Republic, that we may
return" to responsible party government by the
bloc route; that we may develop two loose poli-
tical clubs, or confederations, one liberal, one
conservative, which may in the end, harden into
and become political parties.
For Mr. Henry Wallace made a, rather mys-
terious statement during his speech at the
Jackson Day Dinner in Washington. After de-
scribing the Democratic Party as the "party
of progress," and after preaching the virtues
of party regularity, he said; "Into this party
we must welcome all independent Republi-
cans - all independent progressives every-
where -who seek progress and cannot find it
elsewhere."
That is an odd footnote to a plea to Congress-
men to be good party men, and it indicates that
Mr. Wallace already has in his mind the concep-
tion of a liberal coalition: he is proceeding to-
ward it, while extolling the Democratic Party,
in a dead-pan manner, just as the dissident
Southerns talk of themselves, dead-pan style, as
good Democrats, while voting almost invariably
with the Republicans.
T seems to me that efforts to purge the dissi-
dents within the party are about over; purges
don't work; and the major drive must and will
take place along the line of building a coalition
to oppose a coalition. The announcement of last
NIGHT EDITOR: MAL ROEMER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

week-end that a liberal House committee of 39
Democrats and 4 Republicans has been formed to
fight for the new minimum wage bill fits into
the picture. While this is a somewhat one-sided
commmittee, a very dry martini, indeed, the fact
remains that the formation of such committee
is unusual: and it was the bold creation of a si-
milar committee of Republicans and Southern
Democrats three weeks ago to fight price control
which started Wallace and Hannegan on their
attacks against the dissident Southerners.
It seems clear (one would not bet his life on
this proposition, and yet the facts are sharp
enough) that the great fight between liberal and
conservative factions in the Democratic party
has taken a new turn; that both wings will, with
increasing frankness, look to outside support.
Meanwhile, of course, each wing will unsmilingly
refer to itself as consisting of the only true reg-
ulars, and both will find protection in the adage
that it is awkward for the pot to call the kettle
black.
Let us remember that the C.I.O. and the
P.A.C. are not campaigning on a partisan bas-
is; they have offered support to Wayne Morse
and to Charles LaFollette (of the Indiana, not
the Wisconsin, LaFollettes) and to other Re-
publicans who vote the liberal way on major
measures; and this is coalition thinking.
The almost molecular process which has been
producing new formations in American politics
is being enormously speeded up. The key statistic
is that Mr. Roosevelt would have won all four of
his elections even if the entire South had voted
against him each time, which, of course, it never
did; and liberal strength of this scope cannot
have dried up and blown away. Both the Repub-
licans and the Southern Democrats are perhaps
likely to find that they. have each lost some of
their members in their wild leaping toward the
other's bosom; and the long fight for clarifica-
tion of American party lines is reaching up to a
new, more complex, and it might be said de-
murely, more mature level.
(Copyright, 1946, N. Y. Post Syndicate)

Three Good Solid Platitudes

THERE is nothing more entertaining and re-
laxing than a good solid platitude, unless it is
several of them. Perhaps that is why the "forth-
right" statements issued recently by Premier
Stalin were "hailed generally with gratification
and hope."
It seems that the enterprising Associated
Press decided to obtain the answers to three
questions from Premier Stalin. Now it must
be emphasized that the questions were harm-
less; one might even go so far as to say that
they were leading. Actually it would be diffi-
cult to tell which had been thought up first,
the questions or the answers.
The first question was: "What importance do
you attach to the United Nations Organization
as a means of preserving world peace? Strangely
enough Stalin said that he attached great impor-
tance to the United Nations Organization as an
instrument for the preservation of peace, which
n.ay have something to do with the fact that
Russia joined the organization some time ago.
The second question was: "What in your
Adion on Franco
ONCE there was a time when it was popular to
say when speaking of Mussolini, "He is a bad
boy, but he is making the Italian trains run on
time and the Ethopians are only a bunch of un-
civilized heathens who need civilizing . . ." and
we gave Mussolini a frown and a pat on the
back.
Once there was a time when it was popular to
say when speaking of Hitlerian Nazism "Hitler
is a bad boy, but he is keeping those horrible Bol-
sheviks from encroaching on 'Western Christian
Civilization' " . . . and we said, "The spread of
Nazism must be stopped," and handed Hitler
Czechoslovokia.
Once there was a time when it was popular
to say when speaking of the Japanese revival
of the long dead emperor-worship and all the
implications which this carried, "It is only that
the Western mind doesn't understand the work-
ings of the Oriental mind" . . . and we gave
Japan a mildly worded note and all the scrap
iron and oil which Japan wanted.
ODAY WE HAVE FRANCO; a man whose
frank goal (voiced in the pledge of allegiance
of Franco's Falangist Party) is the reconquest of
the Spanish Empire as of Philip II (which in-
cludes most of South America, Cuba, Puerto Rico,
Flotida, California, and Texas).
This is the man who has put to death thous-
ands of persons whose only crime was opposi-
tion to fascism.
This is the man whom Congressman Coffee .
has charged with allowing, in fact encourag-
ing, Nazi scientists to continue their research
work on the atomic bomb in Spain.
ND AGAIN our State Department and the
British Foreign Office are saying," Franco
is a bad boy. We would like to see the Spanish
people, in a slow orderly manner, remove him".,..
And we continue selling oil and surplus war ma-
terials such as bombers (bombers plus atomic
bombs equal disaster in my math book) to the
very man whom we have asked the Spanish
people to remove.
But public opinion has made the United
States and Britain go as far as they have gone
on Spain. French demonstrations closed the
Spanish border two weeks before the French
government did this officially. Norwegian,

opinion is responsible for the current fear of
war felt by many people in many lands?" Now
obviously this question offered a fine oppor-
tunity for evasion, but Stalin jumped direct-
ly into the fray by asserting that "the present
fear of war is being brought about by the ac-
tions of certain political groups engaged in the
propaganda of a new war." Which leaves us all
in a more enlightened position.
THE THIRD QUESTION WAS: "What should
the governments of the freedom loving
countries do at the present time to preserve the
peace and tranquility of the world?" Stalin sug-
gests that all the states organize counter-propa-
ganda against the warmongers and expose them.
As simple as that.
Statements such as these cannot possibly
hurt anyone. As a matter of fact they seem to
clear the air and to promote good will among
nations in troubled times. The Associated Press
asked the stock questions, Stalin gave the
stock answers, and Washington gave the stock
reaction, even. down to Truman's classic com-
ment, as reported by the AP, that he always
knew Stalin felt that way.
BUT voices have been raised to suggest that
possibly Stalin could have offered a more
specific statement of views, including perhaps an
explanation of Soviet aims in Iran. These same
voices, who will quickly be labelled "red-baiters,"
also suggest that Stalin might have explained
Russia's attempt to delay the meeting of the Se-
curity Council.
It is hard to see, moreover, how anything
constructive can be accomplished by attribut-
ing the "fear of war" to propaganda issued by
evil politicians. We are living in a world of dif- .
ferent races, languages, customs, tempera-
ments, economic policies, and forms of govern-
ment. Not even Stalin's eloquently expressed
confidence in the United Nations Organization
can alter the fact that when these differences
clash, war frequently results.
It is becoming more and more evident that
peace under a United Nations Organization will
not be workable until national and internation-
al leaders stop relying upon vague generalities
about peace and brotherhood and reveal their
policies and aims in open, frank discussion. That
is one answer that was not in the script.
--John Campbell
Civc Responsibility
ISILLUSIONED VETERANS of Political Sci-
ence I may salvage some of their broken
faith in American politics by noting the city em-
ployee pension plan currently being considered
by the Ann Arbor City Council.
The evolution of the plan has produced three
fine examples of civic responsibilities properly
assumed:
1)eIt. is based onrthe theory that municipal
government is more efficient as well as hu-
mane when its clerks have an alternative to
spending their next to last day in office.
2) The plan was prepared by Professor Har-
ry C. Carver as a service to the community.
3) If the plan is approved, it will fulfill one of
the campaign promises of Mayor William E.
Brown, Jr. -Milt Freudenheim

C'n tn epiaI
Repoter
THE ARMY will not be content with extending
its power over a major portion of civilian life
by controlling the field of atomic energy. It is
also attempting to bring a large portion of civil-
ian life-about one and a half million men-into
the Army on a permanent basis.
The Army has requested a program of univer-
sal military training, but Congress will certain-
ly not pass so controversial a subject in an elec-
tion year. For that reason, we may expect the
strategy to develop into a more modest proposal
for a six-months extension of the Selective Ser-
vice Act.
Opposition to this extension of the draft will
doubtless stem from three major sources. There
will be those pacifist groups who do not believe
in any military strength at any time, who op-
posed the draft throughout the war, and who will
surely oppose it in peace-time. To these groups
the conditions are completely unimportant . . .
they refuse to acknowledge the necessity of dis-
arming a maniac before you try to reason with
him. We may, I think, logically center our atten-
tion on the other sources of opposition, since
they find their basis in an analysis of the current
situation and in well-founded misgivings about
the wisdom of a draft act at this time.
There will be many who will question THE
PURPOSES FOR WHICH THE TROOPS
WILL BE USED. There will be general agree-
ment among all opponents of conscrip-
tion except the pacifists that the United States
must maintain enough troops in Germany and
in Japan to protect us against any revival of a
military threat to the peace in those countries.
But the latest estimate of troop requirements
for occupation duties in those countries is only
400,000 men, and this number with adequate
supply troops will be more than provided by
the current enlistment rates.
WHEN we ask about the proposed uses for an
additional million men, the War Depart-
ment tends to become very patriotic . . . and
equally vague. In one week last autumn Secre-
tary Byrnes advanced three conflicting explana-
tions of the continued need for American troops
in China. All three were in some way connected
with dis-arming and re-patriating the Japanese,
but last week there were still Japanese troops in
Tientsin who were retaining their rifles for ac-
tion against the Chinese Communists. Such vi-
sions are scarcely reassuring . . . the Japanese
allied with Americans to protect the feudal re-
gime of Chiang Kai-Shek.
Our record in the Philippines is even worse.
There we have jailed the men who led the
Philippine guerillas against the Japanese, and
are now supporting for President, Manuel Rox-
as, a conspicuous member of the Japanese pup-
pet government in the Philippines. We have
steadfastly opposed all agrarian reforms, des-
pite the fact that the vast majority of large
land-owners were collaborationists during the
Japanese occupation.
In Indonesia we asked the British to remove
American markings from all Lend-Lease equip-
ment that they were using against the natives,
but we didn't object to its use for that purpose.
W HILE American imperialism encircles the
world, we are presented by the State De-
partment with a romantic vision of the United
States on a white charger galloping from coun-
try to country to preserve the peace. But a truly
gallant knight always has the decency to wait
for an invitation, which the UNO has not yet
tendered to us. I also doubt that the Army brass-
hats are true Sir Galahads.
The second reason for opposition to the draft
is a realization of THE CONDITIONS UNDER
WHICH THE SOLDIERS WILL SERVE. Strict
censorship of all Army publications has been
instituted, and two editors of the Pacific edi-
tion of "Stars and Stripes" were removed be-
cause they had exposed a Japanese fascist. Our
generals in Japan had adopted this fascist as
one of their personal favorites.
In his announcement that all letters to "Stars
and Stripes" in the Mediterranean would be cen-

sored, Lt. Gen. John C. H. Lee added: "Our fu-
ture Army will be a career army rather than
the democratic army we had during the war."
ALSO relevant to the new investigating com-
mittee is the report recently issued of another
board to make recommendations about Negro-
white relations in the Army. This board sub-
stitutes segregated platoons for segregated bat-
talions, but retains a condition in which no Ne-
gro can be the superior officer of any white man.
Roy Wilkins, associate secretary of the NAACP
declared: "The policy is a little foggy and falls
far short of the advance advertising that it would
abolish segregation in the Army."
In an article on the same Army report, "the
Chicago Defender," a major Negro newspaper,
stated that the War Department's failure to
"grapple with the entire question of race re-
lations meant bowing to the Dixie pattern of
life" and was an additional reason "to oppose
the plan to shackle the youth of the nation
with compulsory military training."
The Army and State Department have been
devious and deceitful in their arguments for a
large peace-time army. An Army is only neces-
sary against an enemy, and our sole enemies
today are Germany and Japan. If the Govern-
ment is considering adding some additional ene-
mies, the American people have a right to be
told about it. --Ray Ginger

Publication in the Daily Official bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. u. Sat-
urdays).
WEDNESDAY, March 27, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 98
Notices
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry, Music and Public Health. Stu-
dents who received marks I or X at
the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by April 4. Students wishing an ex-
tension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should file
a petition addressed to the appropri-
ate official in their school with Room
4, University Hall, where it will be
transmitted.
Certificates of Eligibility for the
Spring Term should be secured from
the Office of the Dean of Students
before April 1.
All Women Orientation Advisors
for Spring 1946 orientation week can
receive meal reimbursement money
at Miss McCormick's office in the
League.
The State of Michigan has sent our
civil service announcements of ex-
aminations for school principals, and
girls' training school assistant super-
intendent. Applications will be ac-
cepted up until April 10. Full de-
tails on these announcements are
available at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion.
State of Michigan Civil Service an-
nouncement has been received in this

office for:
industrial Health
ary $300-$360

Chemist III Sal-

Airport
$290
Airport
$360
Airport
$440
Airport
$565
Closing

DAILY

Engineer II Salary $250-
Engineer III Salary $300-
Engineer IV Salary $380-
Engineer V Salary $465-
date is April 17.

The Hydromechanics Division of
the David Taylor Model Basin in
Washington, D. C. is attempting to
expand its personnel with the expec-
tation of broadening its activity. Ma-
rine Engineers and Naval Architects
are needed. Salaries for forty-hour,
five-day week are excellent. For full
information, inquire at the Bureau of
Appintments and Occupational In-
formation, 201 Mason Hall
Roberts College in Istanbul, Turkey
has positions for Engineers: civil, me-
chanical, and electrical; for men with
training in insurance, statistics and
mathematics for commercial posi-
tions; general science. English and
physical education. Appointments
are for three years usually. Trans-
portation is provided by the College.
Full information may be had from
the Bureau of Appointments and Oc-
cupational Information.
The Institute of Living 'in Hart-
ford, Connecticut, is interested in
having applications from persons de-
siring training a psychiatric aides.
These positions are available for sum-
mer months only jr on a permanent
basis. Full information may be had
from the Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information.
Girls interested in Camp Fire work
may interview Miss Helen McRae,
Field Secretary, on Thursday, March
28, between 3:00 p.m. and 5:00 p.m
at the Michigan League, or by ar -
rangement with the Bureau of Ap-
pointments on Friday, March 29.
Detroit Armenian Women's Club
Award: The Detroit Armenian Wom-
en's Club is making available, for
1946-47, two $100 scholarships fo
young men and women of Armenian
parentage from the metropolitan dis-
trict of Detroit. For further detai,
consult Dr. Frank E. Robbins at 1021
Angell Hall.
LaVerne Noyes Scholarships: Pres-
ent holders of these scholarships whc
wish to be considered for the yea
1946-47 should. present application
for renewal to F. E. Robbins, Assis-
tant to the President, 1021 Angel
Hall, before the end of the term.
Emma M. and Florence L. Abboti
Scholarships, Eugene G. Fasseti
Scholarships: For terms of eligi ility.
see the Bulletin on Scholarships, Fel-
lowships. Prizes, and Loan Funds
Applications for the year 1946-4
should be made to the dean or direc-
tor of the college or school in whict
the applicant is enrolled. Final datt
for accepting applications is April 1
Academic Notices
Language Examination for candi-
date for the degree of Master of Art'
in History will be given Friday
March 29, at 4:00 p.m., in Room B
Haven Hall. Students desiring tc
take this examination must sign u-
for it at the History Department of-
fice, 119 Haven Hall.
Economics 51, 52, 53 and 54: Make-
up final examination for student:
with excused absences from the fal
term examination will be given
Thursday, March 28 at 3:15 p.m., i
Room 207, Economics Bldg.
Aistory Make-up Examinations:
Any student who missed his final ex-
amination in any history course wil'
be given an opportunity to take th(
examination Friday, March 29, al
4:00 p.m., in Room C, Haven Hall
When the student appears to mak(
up the examination, he-must have s
note from his instructor which gives
him permission to take this make-
up examination. Students who have
such examinations to make-up must
contact their instructors sufficiently
early so that the instructor may have
time to draw up the examination.
Physics 25 make-up final examina-
tion will be given Thursday, March
28, beginning at 3:00 p.m. in Room
202, West Physics.

Final Examination for Political
Science I will be given Saturday,
March 30 from 10 until 12 in Room
2037 Angell Hall.
L. H. Phillips
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Room 319 West Medical
Building on Friday, March 27, at 4
p.m.
"Some New *Factors Associated
with Protein-Avidin (Antibiotin)
and Strepogenin."

OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Concerts

Organ Recital: The first in a series
of five organ recitals will be pre-
sented at 8:30 Thursday evening,
March 28, by Marilyn Mason, a stu-
dent of Palmer Christian. Given in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Bachelor of
Music, Miss Mason's program will
include compositions by Bach, Reger,
DeLa marter. James and Sowerby.
The public is invited.
Exhibitions
"Ancient Man in the Great Lakes
Region." Rotunda, University Muse-
tim Building, through April 30.
Events Today
Radio Program: The University
Broadcasting Service and the School
of Music present from 2:00 to 2:30
o.m. over Station WKAR (870) an-
ther of its weekly programs under
he direction and supervision of Prof.
=ianns Pick. This will be the fourth
final) all Mozart program in the
series of "Epochs In Music" and
>rings the following works: Quartet
or Oboe, Violin, Viola and Cello
(Theodore Heger, Wassily Besekirsky,
gdward Ormond, and Hanns Pick);
'wo Sopran-Arias from the Opera
'Figaro's Marriage" and "Don Gio-
,anni" (Dorothy Smith); and the
irst movement from the Concerto
or Harp, Flute and Piano (Lynne
Palmer, Marie Mountain Clark, and
Roberta Booth). Commentations to
)e announced by George Cox.
Russian play rehearsal tonight at
3:00 p.m. in 2215 A.H. All members
>f the cast must be present and must
>ring eligibility cards.
Alpha Phi Omega will meet to-
iight at 7:30 at the Michigan Union.
kny man on campus who has had
;ome Scouting experience and who is
nterested in learning a little about
Ilpha Phi Omega is invited to at-
end. Former members who have
eturned to the campus are especial-
y invited.
Michigan Youth for Democratic
lction will hold a meeting on Span-
sh culture tonight at 7:30 in the Un-
on. Bob Cummins will speak. A
novie, "The Heart of Spain," will be
>resented. Everyone is cordially in-
vited.
I.C.C. The Board of Directors
Veeting of the Inter-Co-operative
3ouncil will be held tonight at 7:30
n the Union. All Co-op houses are
equired to send at least two dele-
rates.
Jordan Hall, in cooperation with
he Women's League Social Commit-
ee, is giving an International Tea to-
lay for foreign students on campus.
A.S.M.E. The Junior group of the
X.S.M.E. will meet in the Union. Mr.
-ouis M. Benhert of the Progressive
Alelder Company of Detroit will
peak on resistance welding. Anyone
nterested is invited to attend.
Kappa Sigma fraternity men will
neet in the Union tonight at 7:00 to
)rganize for the opening of the house
or the fall semester. All members on
:ampus, regardless of chapter, are
irged to attend.
Coming Events
Tea at the International Center:
Che weekly informal teas at the In-
ernational Center on Thursdays,
.rom 4:00 to 5:30 p.m. are open to
il foreign students and their Ameri-
,an friends.
!assembly Speakers' Bureau:
i All those interested in participat-
:ng in A.S.B. activities are invited to
attend a very important meeting
Thursday, March 28, at 5:00 in the
Assembly Office, Room D, third floor
of the League.
The American Veterans' Commit-
tee will meet Thursday, March 28, at
7:30 p.m. in the Michigan Union. In
addition to election of officers there

will be an open discussion on the
topic, "Retention of OPA." All veter-
ans are invited.
Hillel Foundation: mass meeting
at 7-:30 p.m. Thursday at the Foun-
dation for all those interested in par-
icipating in the production of "Hil-
lelzapoppin." Committees will be set
up, and plans explained. All are in-
vited to attend.

State of Connecticut Personnel
Department announcement has also
been received for:
nouncement has also been received
for:
Senior Case Worker (Child Wel-
fare) Salary $1860-$2340
There is no closing date.
For further inforcation, call at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Hall.
Z1 ci7h e 6k0l Io
March 22, 1946
To the Editor:
S an ex-Air Force pilot I'd like
to add a word or two in connec-
tion with the recent blows hurled
back and forth in your column be-
tween the Army pilot and infantry-
man.
Certainly we all agree that boastful
exaggerations by men of the Air
Force are childish and inappropriate
and above all a mark of very bad
taste, but such remarks do not war-
rant the bitter insinuations expressed
by Mr. Handelman in this morning's
Daily. I haven't talked to anyone,
who really knows from first hand ex-
perience what modern war is- all
about, who didn't return home with
a healthy admiration for all branch-
es of the armed service. Imagine a
man going through hell for 4 years
and then coming home and com-
plaining he didn't get enough med-
als! There must be thousands of men
who would trade everything they own
including their medals to regain their
health. I wonder what Ann Arbor
mothers who lost sons fighting in the
Air Force thought when they saw
Mr. Handelman's stupid and thought-
less remark "the infantry fights and
Air Corps gets the medals."
Our victory was produced by co-
ordination of all the branches plus
the people at home, plus of course
our great allies. The infantry was
no more important than the work-
ers at home, and they were no
more important than the Air Force,
etc.
Any individual who returns home
and begins screaming how his partic-
ular branch of service was responsible
for winning the war in my estima-
tion hasn't learned a thing from the
past four years, and if there are a lot
of such people all I can say is Lord
help us! -
-Douglas W. Hillman

Fifty-Sixth Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board of Control of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Margaret Farmer. ....... . . . . Managing Editor
Hale Champion . . . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . . . . . . City Editor
Emily E. Knapp . . . . . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Pat Cameron.. . . . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Clark Baker . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . Sports Editor
Des Howarth . . . . . . . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
A ~ Gn yf. ..-.,,.,.r. T93:...

BARNABY

iy Crockett Johnson
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