THE MICHIGA N DAILY
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1945
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Ickes Right Man for Germany
Atom Scientist May Run for Congress
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Ray Dixon . . . . . . . . Managing Editor
Robert Goldman ... . . . . . . d City Editor
Betty Roth............Editorial Director
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Arthur J. Kraft . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Bill Mullendore. . . . . . . . . . Sports Editor
Mary Lu Heath . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz . . . . . . . . . . Women's Editor
Dona Guimares. . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . . Associate Business Mgr.
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NIGHT EDITOR: MARY BRUSH
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
THE OPA's decision in the matter of the status
of league houses is a fortunate one from the
standpoint of the nation's economy and is to be
commended in that it provides machinery for
granting price increases for individual league
houses where previous base rates have imposed
The University has been faced with a serious
housing shortage. Every effort has been made
to provide necessary housing. To accommodate
the large number of women who have enrolled,
the University provided additional league
houses, but the OPA base rates proved a handi-
cap of no small proportions. The University
felt compelled to seek some way out of their
dilemma. The case, just decided, was the re-
The administration had contended that league
houses are regulated by the University and
should therefore be exempt from OPA regula-
tions. OPA attorney Hicks Griffiths in his state-
ment yesterday informed The Daily that league
houses are subject to OPA rulings, but that
league house operators may appeal to the Detroit
Had blanket increases been granted on this
campus it would have paved the way nationally
for blanket increases in other state universities.
The issue is reminiscent of a major wage case in-
volving railroads which arose in 1943. The Rail-
way Labor Board argued that wages must be in-
vestigated as to gross inequities, because to con-
sider the possibility of sub-standard wages in
such a nation-wide industry would have set a
precedent for general increases. The problem
here is somewhat similar.
It is now not only the right but the duty of
the individual league house operator to apply
to OPA for reconsideration of her base rate.
It is to be hoped that the OPA will see fit to
correct any injustice.
-Betty Roth -
A UNITED Nations conference is being held in
London to promote the mutual understanding
of the life and culture of all the peoples of the
world-and the press has carried no news of this
When monetary and political issues have
been the subjects of other U.N.O. conferences,
the people in the United States have been
deeply interested and newspapers have pub-
licized the meetings to the fullest extent.
News of this convention on educational and
cultural cooperation, comparable to the Dumbar-
ton Oaks conference, has been carried in only a
few of the nation'snewspapers.
Such apathy toward the very basis of inter-
national cooperation is inexcusable.
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
A NOMINATION: It seems to me a quite ob-
vious suggestion that Mr. Harold L. Ickes
ought to be named our High Commissioner for
Germany, and placed in charge of occupation. If
anyone can make the dismal enterprise of occu-
pation succeed, Mr. Ickes is the man; and we
ought to get him off to Frankfort by plane at
seven o'clock tomorrow morning.
The Army wants out; it has had enough of a
job which is quite outside its training and tradi-
tion, and which is inexorably turning distin-
guished generals into undistinguished political
figures. Some American flannel-mouths, who
have been trying to make political heroes of our
generals, and who apparently want the Army to
run everything, "will be bitterly disappointed at
the good sense shown by our military establish-
ment, in deciding to return to its old role as the
servant, and not the maker, of policy.
One thinks of Ickes at once; for a mere
plodder won't do, and neither will a startled
fawn type; we need a crusted, goatish sort of
democrat in Germany, a man who can be just
as ornery on the right side, as so many others
are on the wrong. Ickes has a kind of transcen-
dant rightness for the job.
To begin with his technical qualifications, he
has been Secretary of the Interior since many of
us were boys, and his duties in that job match
closely the duties which will face the next chief
of occupation in our zones of Germany. His war-
time preoccupation has been fuel, which is pre-
cisely Europe's chief physical problem. It should
not be forgotten that the two big eastern pipe-
lines, the famous Inches, were Ickes' conception;
and these constitute almost the only war-time
emergency measure which not only solved a seri-
ous national crisis, but also made a net profit in
dollars while doing so.
Mr. Ickes has also been in charge of the Japan-
ese-Americans who were excluded from the West
Coast during the war, the nearest thing we've
had to displaced persons in America; and here
too he has set a record for creative administra-
tion, salvaging many constitutional rights for the
members of an almost hopelessly oppressed mi-
Mr. Ickes is a democrat in the simple, di-
rect almost animal fashion in which a beaver
is a beaver; no fancy processes go on in his
mind about it; he doesn't blush for it, nor,
contrariwise does he give the impression that
he is riding no-handed, and doing something
PRESIDENT TRUMAN, the anti-Russian and
isolationist press and a mass of citizenry en-
tering its second childhood all have had a tre-
mendous joke played upon them. "Hush hush,"
they cry, "let us keep our marvelous secret. Let
us not tell the Russians or the Tahitians how we
make our atomic bombs." And under their very
noses a group of former (?) Nazi scientists work
with the U. S. brains in atomic study.
According to a United Press dispatch of a
few weeks ago, some of Germany's best schol-
ars were spirited out of the Reich's research
centers last spring and brought here "on a.
voluntary basis." On Oct. 1 the War Depart-
ment announced that German scientists and
technicians were being brought here "to en-
sure that we take full advantage of those sig-
nificant developments which are deemed vital
to our national security," the dispatch also re-
We might laugh at the tremendous "joke" if it
were not for the fact that the "joke" might blow
up not only before the eyes of he who is fooled,
but in the face of the prankster too.
Perhaps we are being hasty in our indignation
at this news. After all, we do not know upon
how many Bibles these scientists have sworn
away any allegiance to the Nazi party. But we
know we are not being hasty in recognizing an
anomaly in this scientific hand-clasping. The
War Department says we must know the latest
on atomic development. Is the Department or
President Truman or anyone else so naive as to
think that other countries aren't working on the
same thing and haven't been for some time? If
they are so naive, then they evidently have been
neglecting their daily newspaper. And if they
aren't so naive then why are they against an in-
ternational pooling of scientific experiment. After
all, some day, somewhere, somebody might find
out something we don't know. Then, where
would our "national security" be?
President Truman says we should keep our se-
cret and protect the world. In our hands it is
safe-in someone' else's not so safe. We're begin-
ning to act like a couple of children playing in
the back-yard - - - two groups of kids, one
knowing the facts of life, the other, not knowiing,
feeling self-conscious in its ignorance, but just
itching to get home and ask mom.
That's what world diplomacy is now, and
that's why we have a fiasco for a foreign min-
isters meeting. Perhaps those who can't under
stand Molotov's stubborness should try fath-
oming his humor. It is reported that here-
marked at the meeting in London that "Byrnes
doesn't have to concede 'anything. He's got an
atomic bomb in his pocket."
extraordinary. He was against fascism before
Pearl Harbor; he made a diplomatic scandal
in 1938 by assailing the German program of
that year; he bleakly refused to sell Hitler
any of our helium for his Zeppelins; he has
been a scourge of fascism.
We may be sure that if Ickes is placed in
charge of our zone in Germany, no party, of
whatever stripe, will have a monopoly of press
or radio or free speech; while there will be such
a flinging of fascists out of doors and windows
as will make a legend in the annals of Europe,
like medieval accounts of the rains of frogs
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)
NAZI P. 0. W.'s :
HOPE-almost proof--that a formerly dicta-
torial country can be democratized has been
the result of a training program for German
prisoners of ware here in the United States.
The program is designed to prepare picked
Germans for civil administration and police
duty in the American zone of occupation in Ger-
many. The men are being re-educated along
democratic lines to the extent that they feel
"rather silly about the 'superman' myth," ac-
cording to Dr. Henry W. Ehrmann, head of the
German history department at Fort Getty, R. I.,
Each subject taught during the two-month
study course is approached from the prisoner's
German history debunks Prussianism and
deals with democratic trends. Dr. Ehrmann
points out to the prisoners that the "evistence
of liberal trends in Germany is shown in the
self-government of German cities and the
The American history course is built upon the
idea that the United States has developed
through constructive conflicts; history is not a
succession of social, military or political events.
English is taught as a "foreign," spoken lan-
guage. The prisoners are also given an under-
standing of military government and of their
functions as German civil servants.
The group is picked by the office of the Pro-
vost Marshal General from prisoner of war
camps throughout the United States. Anti-
Nazis are carefully chosen and given the courses
described above. At the end of the first two
weeks of instruction any student may leave the
program. So far, no resignations have been re-
The rebirth of a country might well be pat-
terned on this re-education program, which con-
centrates first on strengthening the liberally-in-
A cheerful postscript is the fact that Will-
kie's "One World" is the most popular English
book among German prisoners at Fort Getty.
INDICATIONS of what lies ahead in a world to
be governed by an alliance of "Big" powers,
whose preferential position reduces much of the
international machinery set up at San Fran-
cisco to puppetry, are far from encouraging.
The proposition that the victors in a world
war are thereby authorized to rule the world is a
shaky one even when the victor nations have
made their good intentions well known. Con-
flicts and mistakes are inevitable. Responsibility
for these is clearly on the hands of the rulers who
soon lose the confidence of their former allies.
The chaos which follows this loss of confidence
seriously impairs the success of even the best in-
tentioned efforts to establish peace and order.
The solution lies in democracy, and in world
order based on that precept. In action, this
means using our power to guarantee free elec-
tions all over the world, in Asia as well as in Eu-
rope. The power ,of Russia, Britain, and the
United States must be used not to maintain in
office those who we have judged to be the logical
leaders. It must be used rather to ensure that
this choice be made in free elections by the peo-
ple affected. Then, having helped the men of the
various nations to choose their representatives,
it becomes us to take part in world organization
as leaders rather than rulers. Our military force
can only have consistent democratic meaning
when used internationally on the authority of
The present spectacle of the victors in the
war for democracy-the Big Three, Four,
Five, etc.-fighting skirmishes for such widely
undemocratic causes as European imperialism
in Asia and the suppression of anti-fascists
in southern Europe provides warning of the
kind of bungling we may expect if we are to
maintain our peace by power.
T HE tax bill shaping up in a conference com-
mittee will bring more relief to corporations
than to private citizens. Evidently many con-
gressmen feel that our rugged individuals can
stand up to adversity better than our rugged
-Howard Brubaker, New Yorker, Nov. 3, 1945
By DREW PEARSONf
WASHINGTON-Friends of atom-1
ic-bomb inventor J. Robert Op-f
penheimer are trying to persuade him
to run for Congress from California.
Oppenheimer made a big impres-
sion on the Senate Kilgore commit-
tee when he dramatically urged the
only defense against atom bombs was
world peace, and that atomic energy
should become the means of raising
living standards the world over.
Fellow scientists say there is need
in Congress for an experienced scien-
tist, now that we are entering into
the atomic age. All the experts agree
no one knows atomic power better
Friends also point out that 30
learned men were elected to the
French Chamber of Deputies in the
recent election; that 70 scientists
are being voted members of the Su-
preme Soviet; that A. N. Back, one
of the world's greatest biochemists,
is vice president of the Supreme
Soviet; and that Juan Negrin, for-
mer premier of Spain, was a pro-
fessor of physiology.
G. I.'s Keep Out
AMERICAN soldiers taking a few
days off to see the sights of Japan
recently, drove toward Mount Fuji,
one of the most historic and beautiful
spots in Japan. But when they en-
tered the area around the base of the
mountain, they found it "off limits"
for all U. S. Army personnel.
Meanwhile, in nearby Miyano-
shita is one of the most beautiful
hotels in Japan. There live the for-
mer German ambassador, mem-
bers of his staff, the cabinet of the
puppet Filipino government which
collaborated with Japan, and a col-
lection of other axis diplomats.
They are interned-but in one of
the most luxurious and beautiful
resort spots of Japan.
However, American G.I.'s who
fought from New Guinea to Oki-
nawa may not enter this beautiful
"ONE of the finest and most re-
spected men we had in Wash-
ington throughout the war period,"
Durham argued, "is Dr. Frank Gra-
ham, president of the University of
North Carolina. Dr. Graham would
not have come here for a full-time
job on the War Labor Board or any-
where else, and we would have lost
his extremely valuable services."
When Sparkman pointed out that
the University had called Graham
back to North Carolina, Durham
stuck to his guns.
"For the length of time he was able
to serve here, the government bene-
fitted," he replied. "If it had not been
for the part-time arrangement, we
would not have had him here at all."
Davis of Tennessee insisted during
the secret debate that better men
would be available on the $1-a-year
"You set this up as a full-time
commission with a $15,000 salary and
At The State .. .
Boris Karloff and Ellen Drew in
"Isle of the Dead"; an RKO pro-
"ISLE OF THE DEAD" is something
of a "sleeper," a thriller that is
genuinely thrilling. All about a group
of people fighting the plague on a
small island, the first half of the
film is devoted to "atmosphere,"
dominated by some fine photography
and Boris Karloff's fascinating voice.
But the last half of the film is pure
shock, featuring a nerve-shattering
scene in which the islanders bury a
fellow inmate alive. Unless you're
absolutely immune to this sort of
thing, the taut, terrifying last half
of "Isle of the Dead" should leave
At The Michigan .. .
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for thev
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hal, by 3:30 p. m of the dayr
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-t
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1945 t
VOL. LVI, No. 8l
Special Book Sale to Faculty--Forr
one week only, Nov. 3 to Nov. 10, thec
University of Michigan Press is offer-r
ing to the Faculty an opportunity toc
buy, at very low prices, certain bookse
which have been declared excessr
stock. A list of titles included in
this group will be placed in the hands
of all department heads and may ber
consulted in the departmental office,f
or copies of the lists may be obtained
at the InformationsDesk in the Uni-
versity Business Office. The booksY
themselves may be examined and pur-
chased at the University Press Sales
Office, 311 Maynard Street, or mayt
be ordered by phone, University Ex-
tension 616. The offer will be with-
drawn at the expiration of. the desig-
To Deans, Directors, Department
Heads and Other Responsible for Pay-
rolls: Payrolls for the Fall Term are
ready for your approval. Please callt
at Room 9, University Hall not latert
than Nov. 13.
Sunday Library Service:l
On all Sundays during the Fall ands
Spring Terms, except during the holi-
day periods, and beginning with Nov.
11, the Main Reading Room and thet
Periodical Room of the Generalf
Library will be kept open 2:00-9:00E
Books from other parts of the build-t
ing which are needed for Sunday useE
will be made available in the Maint
Reading Room if requests are madet
on Saturday to an assistant in the
reading room where the books are
Change in Hours -in the Graduatel
Reading Room in the General
Library: Beginning with Monday,1
Nov. 12, the hours in the four grad-t
uate reading rooms will be 9-12 a.m.,
1-5 and 7-10 p.m., Monday through
Thursday; 9-12 a. m. and 1-5 p. m.
on Friday; and 9-12 a. m. on Satur-
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of Regents,
all male students in residence in this
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men.,
Veterans are permanently excused
from ' fulfilling the P.E.M. require-
ment, provided they have completed'
their basic training or have served
at least six months in one of the
branches of the armed forces.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University
Health Service, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
Petitions for exemption by students
in this College should be addressed by
freshmen and sophomores to Profes-
sor Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of
the Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Asso-
ciate Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the sec-
ond week of the Fall Term.
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Courses may
not be elected for credit after the end
of the second week of the term. Wed-
nesday, Nov. 14, is therefore the last
day on which new elections may be
approved. The willingness of an in-
structor to admit a student later will
not affect the operation of this rule.
All students registered with the
Student Employment Bureau, are re-
quested to bring their 'records up to
date by adding their Fall Term sched-
ules, and also any changes of ad-
dress. This is important.
Student Employment Bureau,
Room 2, Univ. Hall.
L. S & A. .uniors now eligihle for
Eligibility cards must be secured
from Miss Scanlon in Room 2, Uni-
versity Hall, before participation in
any League activity. These cards
must be presented to the chairman of
Every Dormitory, Auxiliary Dormi-
tory, League House, and Sorority
House must have elected a house
president and selected quiet hours
for the individual house by Tuesday,
Nov. 13. A statement containing the
name of the house, the house presi-
dent, and the quiet hours of the house
must be placed in the Judiciary Coun-
cil box in the Undergraduate Office
of the League by 5:00 p. m. Tuesday,
Every undergraduate house must be
represented at all House Presidents'
Meetings. Assembly House Presi-
dents' meetings are held every Tues-
day at 5:00 p. m. in the League. Pan-
hellenic House Presidents meetings
are held every Tuesday at 4:00 p.m.
also in the League. Attendance at
these meetings is required by the
Choral Union Ushers: Please re-
port at Hill Auditorium by 6:15 p.m.
for the concert Sunday, Nov. 11, 1945.
Choral Union Members. Members
in good standing will please call for
their courtesy passes for admission to
the Cleveland Orchestra concert, Fri-
day, Nov. 9, between the hours of 9:30
to 11:30 and 1:00 to 4:00. After 4:00
p. m. no courtesy passes will be is-
Student Football Admissions: Stu-
dents who have not yet received their
football admission tickets must pres-
ent their physical education coupons
at theAdministration Building, Fer-
ry Field, before 5 :00 p. in., Wednes-
day, Nov. 14. No student admission
tickets will be available after that
H. O. Crisler,
Director of Athletics.
University Lecture: The lecture by
Dr. Maximo M. Kalaw, scheduled for
Thursday, Nov. 15, has been cancelled.
Dr. Kalaw has been ordered by his
Government to proceed to London to
attend the Education Conference of
the United Nations.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet today at 4:00 p. mn. in Room 319
West Medical Building. "Epinephrine
-Historical and Chemical Aspects"
will be discussed. All interested are
The following seminars have been
arranged in the Department of
Mathematics: Topology, Steenrod,
Wednesday, Nov. 14, 4:30 p. m. 3201
Theory of Games and Economic Be-
havior, Kaplan, today at 4:30 p. m.,
3201 Angell Hall,
Applied Mathematics and Special
Functions, Churchill, Tuesday, Nov.
13, 3:00 p. in., 317 West Engineering,
. Valuation Theory, Ambrose, Tues-
day, Nov. 13, 4:30 p. m. 3201 Angell
Statistics, Craig, Monday, Nov. 12,
2:00-4:00 p. m., 3010 Angell Hall.
History of Mathematics, Jones,
Wednesday, Nov. 14, 4:30 p. m. 3010
Graduate Students: Preliminary
examinations in French and German
for the doctorate will be held today,
4-6 p. in., in the Amphitheatre of
the Rackham Building. Dictionaries
may be used.
Required Field Trip in Geology 12,
Saturday morning, Nov. 10, leaves
Natural Science Building promptly at
8:00 a. in., returning at 1:00 p. m.
Fee to be paid at Geology Office, 2051
Junior and Seniors in Aeronauti-
cal Engineering: There are available
in the Department of Aeronautical
Engineering two student assistant-
ships for the present term and the
Spring Term. Students wishing to
make application should address let-
ters to Professor E. W. Conlon, B-47
East Engineering Building. Letters
should include statement of courses
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
every lame-duck in Washington will
be coming around trying to get an
appointment. This commission is too
important for political appointees,"
But Alabama's Sparkman stood
"What you will get," he warned,
"is a commission of members who
fly in from New York or Chicago
once or twice a month to sign a
pile of papers the administrator
has drawn up for them. You're
really handing atomic authority
back to an Army adminisrator if
you defeat this amendment."
Sparkman also spoke at length of
the importance of having commis-
sioners with no loyalties to private
companies-men dependent on no
one and determined to guard the
interest of the American people.
Leader of GOP opposition was
Charles Elston of Ohio, who objected
most strenuously to letting Truman
get a chance at filling another group
of high-paid jobs.
(Copyright, 1945, Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Lee and Lyn Wilde in "TwiceG
Blessed"; an MGM production.
"TWICE BLESSED" is one of those
trifles the Michigan is occasion-
ally given to. It's another case of
mistaken identity, involving two gen-
erously endowed blonde twins. High-
point of the humor occurs when one
of the young ladies is hit in the head
with a catsup bottle, so judge for
By Crockett Johnson
r m Ml 'm - -,