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November 08, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-11-08

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FlIURSDAY, NO VEM.M,"R, 8, 194

-A----OUR----- ----. .NOVEMBER....1945

Fifty-Sixth Year

Stalin Heart Attack Reported

- I



w -

- I

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Ray Dixon .. ..........Managing Editor
Robert Goldman. . . . . . . . . ..City Editor
Betty Roth . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Arthur J. Kraft . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Bill Mullendore . . . . Sports Editor
Mary Lu Heath . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz . . . . . . . . . . Women's Editor
Dona Guimares . . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . . Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Officee at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Palestine Debate
THE Ann Arbor League of Women Voters scores
another bulls-eye in bringing before this
community one of the most ticklish and impor-
tant problents of today-"Should the United
States favor unrestricted Jewish immigration
into Palestine." This is the subject to be de-
bated at 4:10 p.m. today at the Rackham Amphi-
theatre by Prof. Preston Slosson, taking the af-
firmative, and Prof. Clark Hopkins, speaking for
the negative.
Interest in today's topic is no longer the pri-
vate monopoly of Jew and Arab. President Tru-
man, in requesting Great Britain to lift the re-
striction upon the immediate resettlement of
homeless European Jews in Palestine, has already
spoken officially for this nation. Throughout the
country mass rallies, addressed by leading states-
men, artists and educators, Christian and Jew,
are being held to mobilize American public
opinion behind our President, in the hope of
breaking down the British Government's resis-
tance to appeals to open Palestine to unrestricted
Jewish immigration. At present, a mere trickle of
2,400 European exiles a month is permitted to
enter Palestine.
In the meantime, the Arab League is threat-
ening revolt (some strife has already broken out
in Cairo) if the British mandate is opened to
further Jewish immigration. The Labour Gov-
ernment of Great Britain, espousing unrestricted
Jewish immigration into Palestine during the
summer's campaign which saw it swept into con-
trol, is hesitating, fearful of alienating the Arabs
by granting the President's request. But every
day a rising tide of public opinion is clamoring
for action by Great Britain. Americans of all
creeds are taking sides on the issue to be de-
bated today.
Following upon their very keen debate of
last month, in which'the League of Women
Voters brought Richard 'Frankensteen, John
Lovett of the Michigan Association of Manu-
facturers, Joseph Koski of the Detroit O.P.A.,
and Ralph McPhee, Washtenaw Post-Tribune
publisher, to Ann Arbor to discuss reconver-
sion, the League is performing another nec-
essary service to the University and town
community in bringing both sides of today's
critical issue to public attention.
-Arthur J. Kraft
Science and Atoms
THE general concensus of opinion among the
politicians, as well as lay people, of this coun-
try is that the atom bomb secret should be kept
a secret, not even admitting our ally Russia to

the inner sanctum of atomic know-how.
Not so the scientists, who have participated in
this research. According to Time Magazine,
some. firmly convinced that nationalization of
atomic research is fatal, have even talked of
violating the security regulations to force a
These scientists realize the fact that human
curiosity cannot be fettered by rules and regu-
lations. They know that research in atomic
physics was progressing before the war in al-
most all the European nations as well as in
America. They iknow that the manufacturing
process is the only real secret and that the
work is very apt to continue in almost any
country. And they are flooding Congress with
a flood of protests against Britain's and Amer-
ica's wielding of the big stick.
Their protests have had a little effect. The

WASHINGTON-A high army officer just re-
turned from Europe reports that Stalin suf-
fered a severe heart attack and will have to take
things easy from now on. The same general re-
ports there is dissension in the Red army over
Stalin's successor . . . . George Allen, so-called
"Mississippi carpet-bagger" and one of the men
closest to Harry Truman, is retiring from the
White House. Although drawing no salary and
still vice-president of the Home Insurance Com-
pany, as well as having his finger in many other
pies, Allen held down a desk at the White House.
War Department appeasers are causing
trouble for Secretary Byrnes's plan to democ-
ratize Japan. Last week the Army didn't even
want to attend to General MacArthur Byrnes'
order to remove all Jap businessmen guilty of
supplying munitions to the war lords.
Meanwhile, war crimes prosecution in Japan
moves at a snail's pace. Eisenhower has ar-
rested 70,000 Nazis, MacArthur only a couple of
hundred Japs.
Idle Ships-Fretful Troops
CONGRATULATIONS to Secretary of the Navy
Forrestal for finally getting around to ascer-
taining how many troops can be returned on bat-
tleships. He waited a long time (until after Navy
Day), but now several battleships are being
measured to see how many troops they can carry
. . . . By scaling battleships' crews from about
2,500 to 700, they can carry about 3,000 returning
G.I.'s . . . . Use of battleships ought not to be
necessary, however, if the nation's tremendous
surplus of shipping were utilized.
This now approaches scandal . . . . While
SeaBees, sailors, Marines, soldiers wait on is-
land hell-holes or in European ports, 55 victory
ships have been removed from military service
and switched to commercial trade. These were
the fastest ships built during the war, all at
government expense. However, peacetime
commerce now comes before peacetime repara-
tion of men who fought for their country.
Tragic waste of shipping today approaches a
Pearl Harbor scandal. While enlisted men eat
their hearts out in Europe and the Pacific, wait-
ing to come home, 93 vessels have been laid up
in Suisun Bay, Calif., since the end of the war
.... In addition, a total of 226 ships are now in
the port of San Francisco. According to a careful
survey by the maritime unions, 75 docked prior
to Sept. 30 and 55 docked the first two weeks of
October . . . . They are not moving. All are in
good condition.
Smothering Small Business
IT LOOKS like small business, which both
Roosevelt and Truman talked so much about
protecting, is going to get the small end of the
deal . . . . During the war, big business got
NOBODY recites: "I Stood on the Bridge at
Midnight" anymore,-it's too old-fashioned
for this campus. The bridge is where a boy used
to stand at midnight, but now midnight is when
he finds out where he stands at bridge. The
popularity of bridge as a campus game deserves
some mention, and we are devoting this column
to an analytic description of a typical match.
Four players seat themselves around a table,
and behind each player is a kibitzer, who has a
view of two hands, two councilmen, and five
nodders (see glossary), all of whom have free ac-
cess to the four hands. The dealer will deal the
hands; each kibitzer will then pick up one hand,
give it a cursory once-over;tand return it to the
player to sort. The dealer then says "one Van-
derbilt Club," indicating only that a buffet car
will be run from Detroit to Chicago.
Now comes the interregnum. This a routine
whereby the kibitzers and councillors loudly
discuss all hands and finally decide, let us say,
that South will bid seven spades. This deci-
sion is passed on to South who bids seven clubs
and is promptly labeled "a hacker." The game
presently enters the "cold" or "laydown" hand

period. The hands are thrown down on the
table, and the bid is declared cold.
AT THIS point we choose to introduce a few,
carefully selected rules:
1. As soon as ten cards have been dealt, pick
up your hand and look for an ace. If there is
none, turn up one card and call a misdeal. Bridge
is a game where a great deal depends on a great
2. Never count trumps. One of your opponents
is sure to count them under his breath loud
enough for you to hear him.
3. Always trump your partner's aces. This
will gain you two new friends for the loss of one.
Partner: a guy with the thirteenth card.
Nodder: stands behind players and knowingly
wags head at whatever the players says, giving
the impression that he is a champ.
Odd trick: Turning a car into- a tree.
Dummy: the guy you're playing with.
Master Kibitzer: a kibitzer who sorts his player's
cards before playing them for him. When he
makes a mistake, his tears run down his play-
er's face.

most of the prime contracts. More than 50 per
cent of all war orders went to just six compan-
Now, by a sleight-of-hand operation Smaller
War Plants, chief protector of little business, is
being gutted .. . . Funny part of it is that the
gutting of smaller war plants is probably uncon-
stitutional, since what is created by Congress
can't be transferred without a new act of Con-
Despite this, the main functions of smaller war
plants are being transferred to the RFC-
namely loans to small business-while the left-
over dregs are going to Henry Wallace's Com-
merce Department. This is taking place just
after Congress got through voting Smaller War
Plants the money to hire 800 extra men to sell
surplus war goods to veterans... .
Senator Taft has said he was against passing
Truman's reorganization bill because Smaller
War Plants might be transferred; but he is going
to wake up and find it transferred even before
the reorganization bill is passed . . . Maury Mav-
erick, fighting head of Smaller War Plants, has
given up in disgust and is leaving for China-
the Siberia of exiled Amercan statemen . . . .
Prediction: Treasury watchdog Lindsay Warren
will not okay expenditure of funds for the gutted
Smaller War Plants. He will rule that when con-
gress appropriates money for one thing, it has to
be spent as. congress decreees, not some other
(Copyright, 1945 by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Strike Agitation
CONGRESS is tremendously agitated about the
strike problem, as it has every right to be; but
one sometimes wonders whether it isn't staring
at the strike problem to the exclusion of almost
everything else. Intense concentration on this
one issue is, I think, building up a public feeling
that strikes are the only barrier standing be-
tween ourselves and prosperity abounding, and
one is compelled to doubt that this is quite true.
Congressional heat on this one point is re-
vealed by the manner in which Representative
Hebert, of Louisiana, has rushed into the lower
chamber with a bill to outlaw strikes altogether
as actions "in restraint of trade." That happens
to be the legal theory on which judges used to
outlaw strikes more than a century ago, when
labor organization first cropped up in America;
but it is a theory which has been eroded
away by generations of legal decisions and stat-
utes; it has been quite dead since well before Mr.
Hebert was born. To see him now go skittering
back into time, racing, woosh, a hundred years at
a clip, is an alarming spectacle, and it is like a
taking of the Congressional temperature on this
issue to see it happen.
It is perhaps in order to murmur modestly
that Mr. Hebert is being too hot, unless he is
equally willing to set the clock back a hundred
years in a few other departments of our na-
tional life, so as not to make this one move too
IF CONGRESS had set up a full-scale recon-
version plan, which was being held up by
strikes, one could understond the present mood of
discombooberation shown by so many of its
members; or if, even, it had paid reconversion
the respect of a special joint committee to help
us find our way, again, one could sympathize
with its disappointment. But it has done neither
of these things; it has done almost nothing for
reconversion, beyond providing a bit of tax re-
lief of ambiguous impact. From this there stems
a thin feeling that the strike issue, important as
it is, is nonetheless being made a scapegoat; that
the hot angers it calls forth are, in part, of that
special kind which well up in the man who be-
lieves he has found a way out of hard and painful
There are problems before us that are not even
getting a whisper. The farmer, for example, is
discovering that his market has probably reached
its peak and is on its way down. The govern-
ment is buying potatoes and giving them away,
free, in carload lots, as cattle-feed; and the Wall
Street Journal reports that butchers are meeting
"sales resistance" in disposing of their current
supplies of meat, which will soon run 30 pounds
per capita per year above our pre-war produc-

tion. Reconversion Director Snyder reports that
there will be 8,000,000 unemployed by spring, a
forecast which gives the farmer more of those
butterfly feelings. Farm organizations begin to
murmur that we ought to send food abroad to-
Europe'shungry; but the Congress is doing next
to nothing about either unemployment or about
Europe's hungry.i
One could go on like this indefinitely, check-
ing off danger points in the reconversion com-
plex. (What are we going to do about our ex-
port trade, for example? If we want to keep
it, we must begin selling immediately, appor-
tioning goods to it out of a scanty supply in a
system something like rationing. What ma-
chinery exists for doing this?) It is from this
larger point of view that our emphasis on
strikes as our only hit problem begins to seem
just a touch too primitive and simple, rather
like a lucky out for ill-equipped debaters. It is
too easy. The rounded man will certainly talk
of strikes, but not every hour; or, to make a
proverb of it, it is perhaps wrong to put all
one's kicks in one basket.
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)

DO YOU want a good job when
you get out of scliiool?
Just learn how to swear, call
names, misrepresent, belie, pre-
varicate, decry, slander, scold and
Then memorize the words comun-
ist, unionist, radical, partisan, un-
representative, thief, misleading, am-
biguous, unpatriotic, un-American,
rabble-rouser, sabotage and strike
Never mind the definitions of these
words. Just learn how to use them in
speeches and-
You'll end up as mayor of a
large city.
Hall of Fame
elected to the Hall of Fame at
New York University on November 1.
It was the first time a Negro had
been awarded such a position by the
Bronx school.
Booker Washington, born a slave,
died in 1915, climaxing a career as a
writer and an untiring worker for
the advancement of his people.
This distinction which N.Y.U. be-
stowed upon him is one of the few
bright aspects in a "democratic"
society which must enact laws to
forbid "discrimination."
-Betty Ann Larsen

Oj)PPOSITION to all international
agreements for peace and econo-
mic stability, enactment of laws to
crush labor unions, abolition of the
Federal Reserve system, severence of
all relations with Stalin-these and
several other destructive pronounce-
ments are supported by a well-or-
ganized and extremely anti-demo-
cratic party, the Nationalists. Lead
by former Sen. Robert E. Reynolds
and Gerald L. K. Smith, this bold or.
ganization, which seeks to clothe its
fascist aimswin patriotic utterances,
will make a bid for the 1946 con-
gressional elections.
The Nationalist movement has
been studied and exposed by Eu-
gene Segal, staff writer for the
Scripps-Howard papers. He has
found the party influence already
firmly established in seemingly in-
nocent American institutions. He
reports that they have taken over a
Midwest farmers' organization, that
they have penetrated labor unions,
that they have formed two veterans'
organizations. They claim to have
started a youth movement in seven
Midwestern states and have won
the affiliation of certain church
In Detroit the party has made use
of the "Women's White House," a
meeting place for the foreign-born
who are entertained and aroused
against the menace of Russian infiu-

ence by the mothers' organizations,
according to Mr. Segal.
The plan of organization for the
party is explained in Mr. Reynold's
booklet, "How to Become a Political
Leader in Your District." In every
community of the United States,
units, consisting of ten members, will
be formed. The meetings are to be
held in the homes of members. The
party also has a National Confedera-
tion, in which all groups can unite,
a Nationalists Party for Political Ac-
tion and an educational body, the
Nationalists Committee.
The Nationalists are anti-Negro,
anti - Catholic and anti - foreigner.
Their purposes and their methods
should be detected easily for what
they are. For their purposes resemble
those of the Ku Klux Klan of the
20's and their techniques are strik-
ingly similar to those employed by
the Nazi party in Germany.
The organization can spread,
with the support of a few men, only
if, at first, it is kept secret. For the
American people would never ap-
prove its existence if they were
aware of its fascist program. The
best way to stamp out an organiza-
tion of this kind is to recognize its
existence, publicize it, let the Amer-.
ican people condemn it and watch
it falter.
-Carol Zack

Gerald L. K. Smith's Party
Making New Bid for Power


Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
THURSDAY, NOV. 8, 1945
VOL. LVI, No. 7
Special Book Sale to Faculty-For'
one week only, Nov. 3 to Nov. 10, the
University of Michigan Press is offer-
ing to the Faculty an opportunity to
buy, at very low prices, certain books
which have been declared excessi
stock. A list of titles included in1
this group will be placed in the hands;
of all department heads and may be'
consulted in the departmental office,1
or copies of the lists may be obtained
at the Information Desk in the Uni-
versity Business Office. The books
themselves may be examined and pur-
chased at the University Press Sales
Office, 311 Maynard Street, or may
be ordered by phone, University Ex-
tension 616. The offer will be with-
drawn at the expiration of the desig-
nated time.
To Deans, Directors, Department
Heads and Other Responsible for Pay-
rolls: Payrolls for the Fall Term are
ready for your approval. Please call
at Room 9, University Hall, begin-
ning Nov. 8 and not later than Nov.
Choral Union Ushers: Please re-
port at Hill Auditorium by 6:15 p.m.
for the concert Sunday, Nov. 11, 1945.
To all members of the Michigan-
ensian staff: Submit eligibility cards
to the Managing Editor or the Busi-
ness Manager before 5 p. m., Friday,
Nov. 9, 1945. This includes those
holding junior and senior positions,
try-outs, and photographers.
All students registered with the
Student Employment Bureau, are re-
quested to bring their records up to
date by adding their Fall Term sched-
ules, and also any changes of ad-
dress. This is important.
Russky Kruzhok (Russian Circle)
will hold its first meeting of the
semester on Monday evening, Nov. 12,
at 8:00 p.m. at the International
Center. All who are interested ae
cordially invited.
Choral Union Members. Members
Big Deal
T USED to be a big day for the
Sinwa Bank in Sasebo, Japan
when the mining concerns nearby
withdrew the huge sum, to them,
of 500,000 yen.
The Marines are teaching the
bank that such an item was really
smalldpotatoes. Allsorts of bank
records were broken when the
Fifth Marine Division pay officer
withdrew some money.
He withdrew 6,500,000 yen, the
equivalent of about $450,000.

in good standing will please call for
their courtesy passes for admission
to the Cleveland Orchestra concert,
Friday, Nov. 9 between the hours of
9:30 to 11:30 and 1:00 to4:00. After
4:00 no courtesy passes will be issued.
Graduate Student Assembly origi-
nally scheduled for tonight under the
auspices of the Graduate Student
Council, has been postponed until
Thursday, Nov. 15, 8:00 p.m., Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. All graduate stu-
dents who are interested in gradu-
ate activities are invited to attend.
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Courses may
not be elected for credit after the end
of the second week of the term. Wed-
nesday, November 14, is therefore the
last day on which new elections may
be approved. The willingness of an
instructor to admit a student later
will not affect the operation of this
Hillel Foundation's dramati and
music groups are organizing campus
talent for the coming school year.
If interested call 26585.
University Lecture: Maximo M.
Kalaw, Secretary of Instruction and
Information of the Philippine Com-
monwealth, will lecture on the sub-
ject, "The Philippines Under Japa-
nese Rule," at 4:15 p. m., Thursday,
Nov. 15, in Rackham Amphitheatre,
under the auspices of the Department
of Political Science. The public is
cordially invited.
Academic Notices
Engineering Freshmen: The Pre-
Engineering Inventory, an all-day
test, developed by the Carnegie
Foundation for the Advancement of
Teaching, will be given on Thursday,
Nov. 8, beginning at 8:00 a.m. in the
Rackham Building, to all engineer-
ing freshmen (including veterans)
who were regularly admitted through
the Registrar's Office. Such fresh-
men are excused from classes on
that day. Students who were admit-
ted with advance credit through the
Assistant Dean's Office, even though
they may have freshman year status,
are not to take the test. There will
be no make-up opportunity.
Required Field Trip in Geology 12,
Saturday morning, Nov. 10, leaves
Natural Science Building promptly at
eight o'clock, returning at one. Fee
of $1.65 to be paid at Geology Office,
2051 N.S. Bldg.
German 247 will meet in 204 Uni-
versity Hall today, 4:00-6:00 p.m.
Graduate Students: Preliminary
examinations in French and German
for the doctorate will be held on
Friday, Nov. 9, from 4 to 6 p. m.
in the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building. Dictionaries may be used.
The following seminars have been
arranged in the Department of
Mathemates: Topology, Steenrod
Wednesday, Nov. 14, 4:30 p. in.,3201
Angell Hall.
Theory of Games and Economic Be-
havior, Kaplan, Friday, Nov. 9, 4:30
p. m., 3201 Angell Hall.
Applied Mathernatics and Special
Functions, Churchill, Tuesday, Nov

Wednesday, Nov. 14, 4:30 p. in., 3010
Angell Hall.
Metal Processing 105, Welding. This
course is scheduled for Saturday
mornings; Recitation at 8:00, Labora-
tory 9-12 a. m. First meeting Sat.,
Nov. 10 at 8:00 a. m. Room 4307 East
Engineering Bldg.
Scandinavian 51 will meet in the
future in room 4003 Angell Hall in-
stead of 204 South Wing.
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of Regents,
all male students in residence in this
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men.
Veterans are permanently excused
from fulfilling the P.E.M. require-
ment, provided they have completed
their basic training or have served
at least six months in one of the
branches of the armed forces.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University
Health Service, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by students
in this College should be addressed by
freshmen and sophomores to Profes-
sor Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of
the Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Asso-
ciate Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the sec-
ond week of the Fall Term.
Rackham Building Galleries: Ex-
hibit of Architecture in the U.S.S.R.,
Nov. 6-18.
Events ioday
Fellowship of Song: This afternoon
at 4:30, all students are invited to at-
tend a community sing at Lane Hall.
This will be a well directed program
and should provide pleasant relaxa-
Foresters! The first meeting of the
Forestry Club will take place in the
Natural Science building this evening
at 7:15. Those students .enrolled in
the school of Forestry or who plan to
enroll are eligible for membership
and will be welcomed tonight. Re-
fieshments will be served after busi-
ness is completed.
There will be a meeting of Alpha
Phi Omega, National Service Frater-
nity, tonight at 7:30, at the Michigan
Union. All members on campus ur-
gently requested to come.
The first of a series of Graduate
Record Concerts will be held today in
the Men's Lounge of the Rackham
Building. The program will consist
of Mozart's Concertante for Violin,
Viola, and orchestra; Beethoven's
Pastoral Symphony, and Mozart's
Violin Concerto in M major.
Coming Events
The B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
Library will hold its first committee
meeting on Tuesday, Nov. 13 at 4:00
o'clock. Anyone wishing to become a
member of this committee is urged
to attend the first meeting. Those
who are interested but unable to at-


By Crockett Johnson
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