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November 07, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-11-07

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VOL. LVI, No. 6 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOV. 7, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Jeffries

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I etrVoit

Mayoralty

Race

German Con tro la ySlitAllies Eary Edge
By Frankei

Is Lost
isteen

AVC To Hold
First Campus
Meet at Union
City Chapter Mapped
By Veteran Group
An organizational meeting for the
American Veterans' Committee will
be held at 8 p.m. tomorrow in Rm.
305 in the Union to make plans for
establishing an Ann Arbor chapter
under the direction of a committee of
World War II veterans, faculty mem-
bersand students.
Prof. Robert Angell, of the sociol-
ogy department and a veteran of
World War II, will preside at this first
meeting and Jack Weiss will be the
main speaker. All veterans of World
War II are urged to attend this
meeting.
Three Point Program
The AVC is based on a three point
program, "peace, freedom, and se-1
curity," according to Weiss, and hasI
its national headquarters in New
York City, with Charles G. Bolt,
military analysist for "The Nation"'
as its national chairman.I
"The American Veterans' Commit-1
tee is the only World War II organi-
zatoin with a progressive orientation,
an out-and-out liberal program, the
only World War II veterans' groupI
that. was represented in a consulta-I
tive capacity at the San Francisco'
Conference, and the only World War
ILveterans group given a 'clean bill1
of health' by the F.B.I.," Weiss stated.
Distinctive Fascist Tendencies
"Most other veteran groups from
World War II have been proven time
and again to have distinctive fascist
tendencies and demagogic leader-
ship," Weiss clhimed.
"The AVC was formed primarily in
order to effect a more prosperous and
more democratic America in the post-
war world," Weiss said.
The meeting will consist of in-
formal talks about the purpose of the
committee and plans for establishing
a chapter on campus. This organi-
zation will be open to any veteran,'
faculty member, student or towns-E
man of World War II and all are1
urged to attend.
Drive T Be
Launched for'
World Unity
A campaign to form college stu-
dents into an effective pressure group
in support of a World Federation
above national sovereignty has been
launched by a committee of the Wel-
lesley College student organization,1
according to a letter received here' by
University officials.
The committee, which has con-
tacted 100 other schools, stated its
purpose to be, "to help arouse publict
opinion to the point where people
realize that national sovereignty in
an atomic age is obsolete and thus
will demand a World Federation.
Rather than to propose the mechan-
ism ourselves, our purpose is to make
people psychologically ready for a
World Federation."
Asked To Write Congressmen
Interested students at WellesleyI
were asked to write their congress-
men and families. A petition signed
by students is to be sent to President
Truman.
The letter urged that a smilar pe-
tition be circulated on this and every
other campus in order that they may
"affect the outcome" of President
Truman's conference with Prime
Minister Atlee, on Nov. 11. The con-
ference has been scheduled for a dis-

cussion of the problems created by
the discovery of atomic energy.
Necessity for World Federation
"Since the invention of the atomic
bomb, the necessity of a World Fed-
eration has become immediate, since
other nations will be able to produce
atomic bombs, no effective defense is,
possible in atomic warfare and safety
cannot be obtained through superior-
ity in atomic armament," the letter
said,.,
An intercollegiate convention to
further the purposes outlined in the

I

Absence of Mutual Cooperation
Is Responsible, Heneman Says

By CLAYTON DICKEY
German occupation problems, un-
less solved,may make it difficult for
the United Nations organization to
succeed, Prof. Harlow Heneman, of
the political science department, de-
clared yesterday.
"If the great powers can't agree on
occupation questions in Germany and
Japan, the United Nations organiza-
tion can hardly be expected to func-
tion successfully," he said.
On Ambassador's Staff
Prof. Heneman based his opinion
on his observations of allied attempts
at cooperation during four months in
Germany on the staff of Ambassador
Robert Murphy, U. S. political adviser
on German affairs. He returned to
the campus last week after a three
and one-half year leave of absence in
government service.
The Allied Control Council at Ber-
lin, which must unanimously approve
policies that are to apply to Germany
as a whole, was described as the
"arena for the clash of larger foreign
policy" of the four occupying powers.
Prof. Heneman attributed the grave
problems confronting the allies to
"lack of a uniform policy for Ger-
many." In Berlin and the rest of Ger-
many as a whole four different ap-
proaches in handling German ques-
tions are frequently encountered.
The very nature of the set up pro-
duces complications."
National Interests Conflicted
He said the United States and
Hyma To Talk
On Dutch East
.lndies Today

Art
On

Work, Books Are
Exhibit at Museum

Great Britain had tried to get four-
power agreement on economic mat-
ters and reparations, but that many
of these attempts had failed be-
cause of "conflicts in national inter-
ests."
"France has raised questions that
have prevented the allies from treat-
ing Germany as an economic unit,"
and where inland waterways are con-
cerned "the Russian policy differs
from ours. As a result, questions of
waterways and transports, as well as
other economic matters, are being
handled by agreements between zonal
commanders, with dissenting com-
manders being left out."
"Little has been done toward re-
habilitation of housing and industry,
not even to a minimum level to pre-
vent disease and possible unrest. It
is not a question of making Germany
strong; but if the available German
economic resources are not ade-
quately used, the United States will
probably ship large amounts of sup-
plies to Germany for relief."
The Army, he believes, wants to
give up responsibility for the ad-
ministration of Germany "by the
end of this fiscal year," and leave a
police force at the disposal of a
civilian agency. Plans of the Brit-
ish and French armies are un-
known,, the former political adviser
said, but "up to now Russian activi-
ties appear to indicate that they
are interested only in a short oc-
cuaption."
The most pressing problems of the
German people, he said, are those
"related to keeping alive--food, hous-
ipg and heating." He found "little
spontaneous political activity in any
of the zones" because "even German
politicians are more concerned with
living, through the winter than with
political questions."
Yank Zone Elections
Elections on the local level will be
held, in the United States zone only,
beginning this January, he said, and
observed that the Germans "don't
understand our political slogans."
Pessimistic as to the likelihood of fos-
tering democracy among the Ger-
mans Prof. Heneman added "our
economic policy is inconsistent with
out political policy."
He reported a "good harvest" of
grains and truck garden vegetables
this year but that transportation dif-
ficulties prevented good distribution.
"T h e German city-dweller," he
pointed out, "is going to have an ex-
ceedingly hard winter. The Germans
have been told there will be no coal
available for space heating this win-
ter, and they will have to rely on
what wood they can forage."
Ru-1shi gBegins
Today for 250
Twenty-two campus fraternities
today opened rushing competition for
250 registrants with pledging for the
first rushes scheduled to take place in
two weeks.
A second rushing list will be pre-
pared shortly by the Inter-fraternity
Council with the names of additional
registrants. Fraternities may rush
students only if they have registered
with the IFC. Registration is contin-
uous throughout the semester.
The twenty-two fraternities start-
ing rushing today include Zeta Beta
Tau, Zeta Psi, Theta Delta Chi, Theta
Chi, Sigma Alpha Mu, Sigma Alpha
Epsilon, Sigma Chi, Phi Delta Theta,
Pi Lambda Phi, Phi Sigma Delta,
Delta Upsilon, Chi Phi, Beta Theta
Pi and Alpha Tau Omega, all of'
which have fraternity houses.

Lewis Wins
Representation
For .Miners
Conference Votes To
Enlarge Committee
WASHINGTON, Nov. 6 -- (P) -
Bushy-browed, ponderous John L.
Lewis kicked up a storm in the La-
bor-Management conference today
with a bid to get representation for
his United Mine Workers on the im-
portant executive committee-and he
won his battle.
While management delegates
looked on in silence, labor's top lead-
ers wrangled heatedly for more than
an hour over the composition of the
committee which will sift all confer-
ence business and have the power to
include new subject matter in the
agenda.
Eight Members Originally
As originally planned, the commit-
tee was to have eight members
equally divided between labor and
management. Labor's half was to be
divided between the AFL and CIO.
But Lewis wasn't satisfied with this
setup and as a result of his objections
the conference finally voted unani-
mously to increase the committee
membership to sixteen to make room
for Lewis' United Mine Workers and
the Railway Brotherhoods. Under the
new division, management will have
eight seats, the AFL and CIO will
have three each and the mine work-
ers and brotherhoods one each.
Significant Victory
Lewis' victory gives him a voice in
shaping the course of the conference.
For the committee, as outlined in the
agenda, will "coordinate the work of
the conference; be responsible for
the integration of reports of all other
committees (except that on rules); if
requested it will also consider and
may report to the conference on any
subject on the agenda not otherwise
assigned; it may also deal with such
other matters of a general nature as
may come before it,"
There were no objections from
management delegates to the change
in the committee composition as long
as the votes remained equal.
Pickets Were
Ready To Stay
Shortly before the Kaiser-Frazier
Corp. signed a contract granting sen-
iority to employees of Graham-Page
Corp. yesterday, strikers at the Wil-
low Run Bomber Plant told Daily re-
porters they were prepared to picket
the plant indefinitely.
Only a few pickets were ringed
around the mile-long plant yesterday
afternoon, s t o p p i n g non-strikers
from entering. They said only Army
Air Force officers on official business
were being admitted to the plant. The
pickets had been maintining a 24-
hour vigil.
Pickets said there had been no
question of a jurisdictional dispute,
that the only issue was seniority for
"the individual, based on length of
service regardless of local union af-
filiation."
According to one striker, Kaiser-
Frazer wanted to run the plant with-
out a union or hoped to delay the
formation of a new one. Pickets of
Local 142, representing production
workers, said they wanted to incor-
porate Bomber Local 50 into their un-
ion.

Reds To Have
Atom Energy,
Molotov Says
Allied Control of
Japan Called For
MOSCOW, Nov. 6 -, (P) - Foreign
Commissar V. M. Molotov, asserting
the atomic bomb cannot be kept se-
cret, promised Russians tonight that
the Soviet Union will have "atomic
energy and many other things."
A signal bell had to be rung to quiet
the tumult that welled through the
hall of St. Andrew in the Kremlin
when Molotov made this statement
in his speech on the eve of the 28th
anniversary of the Red Revolution.
London Conference Called Failure
Molotov said the use of atomic en-
ergy must not be employed in a po-
litical play for strength. 4
He called for Allied control of
Japan, and while he described the
London foreign ministers conference
ast a failure, he said "only the joint
efforts of the three great powers"
could "secure the victories of the
democratic countries over fascism."
The United Nations, he asserted.
must not "become the tool of any one
great power."'
Desires Atomic Energy
On atomic energy, the Foreign
Commissar said:
"We desire that our nation shall
bloom, and that there will be atomic
energy and many other things.
"It is not possible at the present
time for a technical secret of any
great size to remain the exclusive
possession of some one country or
some narrow circle of countries.
Molotov declared the victorious
Allies should be guided in their
treatment of the defeated Axis na-
tions "not by our feelings but only
by the necessity to prevent new ag-
gression."
Windsor Strike
May End Soon
Labor Minister Hopes
For Fast Settlement
WINDSOR, Ont., Nov. 6 -(iP)--
Humphrey Mitchell, Canada's Min-
ister of Labor, declared tonight he
was "hopeful" for a settlement "with-
in 24 hours" of the eight-week-old
strike at the Ford Motor Co. of Can-
ada plants here, which has made
some 20,000 workers idle.
Following a meeting of high gov-
ernment officials and leaders of the
striking union, Mitchell said he would
attempt to arrange a meeting for to-
morrow afternoon between the union
and Ford officials.
He said he would meet tomorrow
with Ford representatives and give
them "the proposal worked out this
afternoon." He declined to disclose
details of the proposal.
George Burt, regional director of
the CIO United Auto Workers, stated
after the conference that a union pol-
icy committee would discuss removal
of a mile-long automobile barricade
set up by pickets at the Ford plant.
Burt also said the union was will-
ing to cooperate with Ford toward a
settlement.
He further stated that he under-
stood the company is willing to listen
to "any reasonable proposal from the
union."
On the outcome hinged a possible
verdict from Ontario's Attorney Gen-
eral Leslie Blackwell whether to send
soldiers and police into action to set
down what he called an "insurrec-
tion" in the city of some 150,000 pop-
ulation across the river from Detroit.

f * * *

"The Historical Background of the
Independence Movement in the Neth-
erland East Indies" will be discussed
by Prof. Albert Hyma of the history
department at 7:30 p.m. today in the
Natural Science Auditorium in con-
nection with an exhibition of Nether-
land Indies lore at the Museums
building.
Pro. Hyma, who was knighted by
Queen Whilhelmina eight years ago
for his research work and for books on
the historical background of the
Netherlands, recently completed a
book entitled "The Dutch in the Far
East."
Prof. Maurice W. Senstius, of the
geology department, a native of Java,
will speak on "The Fruits of the
Netherlands East Indies" and Prof.
Harley H. Bartlett of the botany de-
partment will discuss "The Natives of
Sumatra" on the same program,
The exhibition, opening at a social
meeting at the Museum following the
talks, features art work, textiles, tap-
estries, religious objects and books.
The exhibition was arranged and paid

Re-elected Mayor . .
Strike fTies Up
Transportation
In Washington
WASHINGTON, Nov. 6- (R)-- A
taxi drivers' holiday intensifying
Washington's all-day public trans-
portation tieup was talked of tonight.
Street car ana bus service is throt-
tled by an operators' strike.
Thousands of government em-
ployes could not .get to work today
and the city's 5,000 taxis were busier
than ever.
But the executive board of the AFL
taxicab operators local has called a
special meeting for 8 a.m. Wednes-
day. Vice President Charles Garrett
said it has power to call a work stop-
page.
"We've been talking with members
of the (AFL) transit workers union
and have decided we must take some
stand," Garrett stated.,
Another group, the United Taxicab
operators, announced no plans but
President John R. Peters said mem-
bers had been talking among them-
selves about possible strike action.
Less than half the city's cabmen
are unionized, it is estimated. Union
officials gave no figures.
Both sides in the bus and trolley
strike agreed to attend conciliation
parleys.
At a tumultuous "continuous meet-
ing" which began before dawn, driv-
ers voted tonight to send a three-man
committee to sit in with government
conciliators tomorrow. Officials of
the Capital transit company indi-
cated they would be present also.
Tryouts Will Meet
There will be a meeting at 4 p.
m. today in the second floor con-
ference room of the Student Pub-
lications building, 420 Maynard,
for all those who wish to try out
for the editorial staff of The Daily
and were unable to attend Mon-
day's meeting.
Tryouts already signed up for
the freshman staff training pro-
gram are requested to stop by the
newsroom this week to initial the
list informing them of their class
section assignments.

Strength in Labor Districts Fails
To Win 'for UAW-Vice President
DETROIT, Nov. 7 -AP- Mayor Edward J. Jeffries was reelected
for a fourth term Tuesday, piling up a lead of more than 32,000 votes
over unionist Richard T. Frankensteen, who had active support from
the CIO's Political Action Committee.
Frankensteen zoomed into an early lead as returns trickled in from
the city's 1,136 precincts, but Jeffries soon took command to assure him-
self of another two-year term as chief executive of this industrial center.

i a

Frankensteen, vice president of the
United Auto Workers (CIO), drew a
heavy vote from areas populated by
UAW members, but this faded out as
other regions were tabulated.
In a radio speech conceding de-
feat, Frankensteen declared, "I am
more concerned with the racial and
class fears that have been aroused
in this campaign than I am with
my defeat."'
City election officials had said the
very bitterness of the campaign might
bring out a record half million votes.
The campaign, through platform and
radio addresses, by mail and handbill
distribution, newspaper advertise-
ments and doorbell solicitation,
reached virtually every person of vot-
ing age in the city.
The voting, on a non-partisan ba-
sis, did not indicate any political
trends. Its outcome, however, will be
interpreted in many quarters as in-
dicative of the political strength of
the UAW-CIO in this big industrial
center. The Union claims upwards of
200,000 members in Detroit.
Mayor Jeffries turned back aUAW-
CIO challenge for the mayoralty in
1943, when he defeated Frank Fit-
gerald by 32,560 votes. Seeking his
fourth term, the mayor asserted in
this campaign that his success d-
pended upon the "great unorganized
majority of voters."
* * *
New York Won
B O'Dwer
In Hot Contest
Democrats Sweep
Nation's Major Cities
By The Associated Press
Democrat William O'Dwyer
swamped two major opponents and
won election as mayor of New York
City yesterday.
His vote far exceeded the aggrega-
tion of his opposition. It prompted
Democratic leaders to see good things
ahead for the party in the state and
nationally. They saw in it a decline
in the political fortunes of Gov. Tho-
mas E. Dewey.
Republicans withheld comment for
the time being.
Jeffries Wins
In the second municipal scrap that
captured more than local attention
in yesterday's first postwar voting,
Mayor Edward J. Jeffries was elected
to a fourth term in Detroit's hot non-
partisan mayoralty race against Rich-
ard T. Frankensteen, CIO union
leader.
Frankensteen had the backing of
the CIO's Political Action Commit-
tee.
Democrats elected these mayors
elsewhere: David L. Lawrence, na-
tional committeeman for Pennsylvan-
ia, in Pittsburgh; incumbent Thomas
A. Burke at Cleveland, and Rep.
James M. Curley for a fourth term,
not consecutive, at Boston. The Cur-
ley victory was in a non-partisan
race involving six registered Demo-
crats.
Republicans Lead
In the only Congressional contests
of the day-the 4th New Jersey-
Republicans apparently were retain-
ing control of the seat vacated by
Rep. D. Lane Powers. ┬░Frank A. Ma-
thews, Jr., organization GOP candi-
date, was running well ahead in a
three-man race.
A Mathews victory in New Jersey
would make the House line-up: Dem-
ocrats 241, Republicans 191, Ameri-
can Labor 1, Progressive 1, vacancy
(in New Mexico) 1.
Tuck Elected in Virginia
In the only gubernatorial contest,
Lieut. Gov. William M~. Tuck was
elected governor of Virginia by bet-
ter than two to one over two oppon-
ents. He carried his ticket with him,
including Lewis Preston Collins for

for by
The
to the

the Dutch government.
lectures and display are
public.

open

Senate Seeks

TO Help G. I
WASHINGTON, Nov. 6-P)--The
Senate Finance Committee approved
amendments to the G.T. Bill of Rights
today designed to smooth the way for
veterans to go to school or borrow
money.
The legislation would sweep away
,age restrictions on government-paid
schooling, provide more money for
student living expenses, and liberalize
loan provisions so veterans will have
better chances in their own busi-
nesses.
The Senate bill would permit vet-
erans to borrow working capital as
well as money for real estate, and
would give them 10 years instead of
the present five after the official end
of the war to apply for loans. The
maximum term of loans to buy homes
would be increased from 20 years to
25, farm loans to 40 years.
The bill would increase school liv-

CONFIDENCE IS A MUST FOR PEACE:
Helen Douglas Urges World Control of A-Bomb

"It isn't tihe atomic bomb that is dangerous, it is our policy toward it,"
Helen Gahagan Douglas, Congresswoman from California, stated last night
in an address advocating world control for our devastating "secret" weapon.
Opening the Oratorical Association lecture series with an optimistic
speech on "The Price of World Peace," Mrs. Douglas urged confidence and

most incredible piece of legislation that was ever written," Mrs. Douglas
cautioned against glibly dismissing problems we have not thought through,
basing our decision on prejudice. "Let us know what our choice is," she
reminded.
On the problem of getting along with Russians. Mrs. Douglas urged that

I

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