THE MICHIGAN DAILY
(ft A yk-thYa t
MacArthur Lax on War Crimes
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
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Arthur J. Kraft . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
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Mary LuuHeath. . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz. . ....... . Women's Editor
Dona Guimares . . . . ,.Associate Women's Editor
Dorothy Flint . . ........Business Manager
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NIGHT EDITOR: LOIS IVERSON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily 'staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
"S COLLEGE education in America to become
the exclusive property of a privileged few"
asked students at New York University last
week. Raised because of a tuition increase of
$1.50 per credit hour, the question may well be
brought up on other campuses as well. The In-
tercollegiate points out the significance of the
increased tuition by citing similar raises at
UCLA, Chicago, Northwestern, and Michigan.
Using as their battle cry "No Black Market in
Education" members of one NYU organization
protested the increase with distribution of 10,-
000 leaflets, 2500 postcards sent to Chancellor
Harry Chase, and a protest rally at which a
committee was formed to continue the cam-
Although the corresponding tuition rise at this
university is small in comparison to that in ef-
feet at NYU, nevertheless it seems paradoxical
that now that our servicemen are returning to
school with promises of wider, more democratic
educational opportunities still echoing in their
ears, a state university should see fit to require
higher fees. In this state, as in most of the other
48; a cut in its budget is usually compensated for
by smaller allotments to its educational institu-
tions. History has taught us, or should have
taught us, that it is these same institutions which
are really thee least expendable.
As Intercollegiate puts it, "Our crisis is the
crisis brought forth by the Chancellor Chases
and the President Hopkins who would limit
and restrict educational facilities by increasing
fees and setting quotas. Ours is the fight to
broaden and extend these facilities to the
broad masses of the people in the true spirit
of our newly won victory."
TWO years ago there wa a mighty drive on
campus for the women to come out of their
ivy covered towers and participate more actively
in activities. There was a large dispute among
those present on campus at the time that women
had passed the stage of the underdog when they
were granted suffrage in 1920 but the point was,
were they taking advantage of their opporuni-
This year it is no longer a question of
women taking part in activities. There is a
bigger problem to be met. When the majority
of men on campus were in the Army, Navy
and Marines activities were largely run by
women because there was no competition by
men in the fields which they formely led.The
year is now 1945 and there is no longer a war.
Now men are flocking back to campus but
just because they are returning there is no
reason for women to drop out of activities.
It is said that all of us work better against
competition. The weaker ones fade from the
scene of action and leave the best ones to com-
pete for the leading offices and positions; there-
for the more entrants into activities the better
will be the job that is done. Which all leads up
to the fact that all should get out for some ac
tivity and show what can be done,
Don't wait for a month or two and then say
you will try your hand in something. At the end
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Joseph B. Keenan, hard-hit-
ting former assistant to the Attorney Gen-
eral is tops on the list to become prosecutor of
Japanese war criminals. This is the counterpart
of the job now being done in Germany by Su-
preme Court Justice Jackson.
So far Jap war-criminal trials have been con-
ducted by the U. S. Army and on a very limited
scale. President Truman, however, wants to fix
war guilt not only on Jap militarists, but cixil-
ians. There is also some feeling that the army is
not probing deeply enough.
MacArthur has arrested less than 100 Jap
criminals, while Eisenhower has arrested 70,000
Keenan, a former law partner of Supreme
Court Justice Burton of Ohio, was appointed as-.
sistant attorney general in charge of the Justice
Department's criminal division in 1933. Later he
rose to be No. 2 man in the Justice Department.
Keenan comes from a Republican background
and for a time was bitterly opposed by the cld
Father Coughlin crowd in Cleveland.
Accord in Berlin ..-.
IN AT LEAST one quarter of the world-be-
tween Gen. Dwight Eisenhower and Marshal
Zukhov-U. S.-Soviet relations are clicking
smoothly. Congressmen who visited in Berlin re-
cently report that the two have been hitting it
off like two poker cronies.
One reason for their cooperation is that the
two military leaders don't believe in diplomatic
niceties. They say what's en their minds, with
no hedging. Combat pals will tell you that
Eisenhower is a salty, blunt-talking individual,
frequently given to purple language to get his
point across; and Zukhov is built along the
Recently when a dinner for Allied leaders was
being planned, Zukhov informed Eisenhower that
he would have to wire Moscow to get an okay.
"Oh, come now, Marshal," exploded Esen-
hower good-naturedly. "Do you have to get per-
mission for everything you do?"
"I want to keep my government advised about
everything that goes on here, General," replied
"But surely not on something like this," shot
back Eisenhower. "Let's cut out the foolishness."
"General, I'm not acting foolishly," grinned
the Soviet official. "According to American
newspapers, I'd be taken out and shot if I
didn't obey orders."
One-Third of a Nation.. ..
ALTHOUGH they're not talking about it out-
Asde toeir closed circles, government econo-
mists are worried over the results of a survey on
savings conducted for the Federal Reserve Sys-
tem by the crack survey unit of the Department
of Agriculture under Dr. Rensis Likert.
Government officials, businessmen and mem-
bers of Congress have been confidently predicting
that the biuge accumulated savings of the Ameri-
can people-equal to normal national income for
a whole year-will be poured into trade as soon
as goods are available.
But economists Dorwin Cartwright and
George Katona, who did the study for the
Agriculture Department, don't agree. They
have found that the distribution of these sav-
ings is so uneven that about one-third of all
American families will not have the money to
spend for anything but bare necessities.
The study. made in Birmingham, Ala., and
Douglas County, Ill., took place last winter-long
before war employment had slackened and wide
unemployment set in.
In both cases it was found that low-income
families held distressingly low proportions of the
huge national accumlation on war bonds, postal
savings and other types of savings. In Birming-
W HILE President Truman was vacationing at a
Tennesse fishing lodge he casually men-
tioned to the world that the United States
would hold the secret of the atomic bomb (hold
it with our allies the British and Canadians.)
In the next breath he expressed concern over the
results of the London Conference and hope that
better co-operation between nations would fol-
International co-operation is wishful thinking
when a country who could so easily take the lead
resorts to nationalism in practice. We are still
living in a world concerned with balance of power
politics in a world of rival camps jockeying with
one another for spheres of influence in a world
which has thrown off the cloak of oneness now
that the war is over and the spoils are to be di-
We boast we are the most powerful nation and
advertize we intend to maintain that supremacy
with the atomic bomb. We have no trust in col-
lective security or in our allies. We are afraid of
And we have cause for fear. We cannot hold
the secret of the atomic bomb forever. It will
be discovered, and we will have lost our chance.
We will have lost our chance of leading the
way toward world control of atomic power, our
chance of proving to dubious nations that we,
are sincere in our declarations of world co-op-
ham, for instance, 17 per cent of those inter-
viewed earned under $25 weekly and held only
one per cent of the liquid assets held by all the
people interviewed. Thirty-four per cent earned
under $35 weekly and held only 4 per cent of the
assets. Fifty-nine per cent earned under $55
weekly and held only 15 per cent of the total
liquid assets. In other words, people earning low
incomes spend their money right away. They
Midwest Income Better . .
THE response in Douglas County, Ill., was
somewhat more encouraging, but not suffi-
ciently so to cause any real satisfaction here.
Among the non-farm dwellers, 36 per cent earned
under $25 weekly and held 10 per cent of the total
savings, while 50 per cent earned under $35
weekly and held 16 per cent of th esavings.
As in Birmingham, the proportion of savings
rose sharply for those earning over $55 weekly.
In Birmingham, 84 per cent of those inter-
viewed earned under $87. The 19 per cent
earning between $87 and $125 weekly held 31
per cent of the savings. In Douglas county
the 19 epr cent earning from $55 to $87 weekly
reported 38 per cent of the savings.
The figures indicated that farm groups are
somewhat better off than city-dwellers, while a
study of the purposes to which the families in-
tend to put their savings reveals that 22 per cent
of the farmers intend to but them into purchase
of land or farm equipment. Twenty-one per cent
plan to hold on to their money to fall back on,
"on a rainy day," with another 14 per cent laying
it aside for old age. Only 8 per cent indicated
that savings will be used for purchase of con-
In Birmingham and among the non-farm
populations of Douglas county, 19 and 22 per cent
respectively declared their intention to use their
savings to buy or remodel their homes, 41 and
24 per cent respectively said they were holding
their funds for hard times, and 12 and 14 per
cent said they were holding their money for old
age. Only 4 and 11 per cent indicated their in-
tention to use their funds for consumer goods.
Government economists' know that among
the upper-income groups there is sufficient
demand for new radios, automobiles, refrigera-
tors and other major consumer goods to keep
those industries rolling at top speed for over a
year. What worries them is what will happen
once this demand is taken care of.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
THERE is something festive and exciting about
the opening performance of any concert sea-
son. Last night's initial concert of the 67th an-
nual Choral Union Series in Hill Auditorium was
no exception. The principal soloist was Paul
Robeson, baritone, and the assisting artist was
William Schatzkamer, pianist.
The enthusiasm which greeted the artists by
the more-than-capacity audience became con-
tagious. Even the stage manager, who raised and
lowered the lid of the piano, came in for his
share of the applause.
To me, the stage presence of Paul Robeson
projects all that is noble and fine in his race. He
seems best in such songs which call for gran-
deur, breadth, and something of the dra-
matic. "O Isis and Osiris" from Mozart's
Magic Flute and the final scene from Musorg-
sky's Boris Godunov show Robeson's voice to
Spirituals beautifully sung can be expected
from Mr. Robeson. But the surprise came when
Lawrence Brown, the soloist's able and some-
times too enthusiastic accompanist, joined his
fellow artist in a second part. I'm inclined to
think Mr. Robeson and Mr. Brown enjoyed this
diversion as much as the audience.
Of course there were encores-many of them
requested-too numerous to mention. However,
those which the audience responded to most en-
thusiastically were "Old Man River," "I Still
Suits Me"-both from Showboat- "Water Boy,"
"Dragon Song" (sung in Chinese), and the clos-
ing speech from Shakespeare's Othello, which
play Robeson appeared in last season.i
The singer's excellent diction in all the lan-
guages in which he said-Italian, Russian, Ger-
man, Chinese, and of course English-is an
outstanding feature. Unfortunately, many of
the singer s lovely pianissimo effects were lost
by too loud piano accompaniment.
Mr. Schatzkamer proved an able assisting ar-
tist. Especially well-interpreted were the Bach
"Little" Organ Fugue in G minor, the two
Brahms' intermezzi, the E major of which was
played for an encore, the Debussy Reflets dans
l'eau, and Fille au Cheveux de Lin. I felt, how-
ever, that Mr. Schatzkamer's temperament was
not well suited to the Chopin Polonaise in A-flat
major and the de Falla Ritual Fire Dance. The
Polka from Shostakovitch's ballett the Age of
Gold which was also played as an encore held
the audience fascinated and delighted.
Mr. Robeson expressed his sincere congratu-
lations to the University of Michigan for their
football victory of the afternoon. The hearty
applause which greeted each of Mr. Robeson's
selections was the audience's way of congratu-
lating Mr. Robeson for a fine performance.
ATOMIC energy released on cities
has so thoroughly shocked man-
kind, that morality and religion have
resumed free functioning. Religion
has returned to status; this time with
the scientist its champion. Neutrality
gone, a new sense of responsibility
has captured the men who command
the techniques. This should guaran-
tee far reaching social renewal. Three
items of significance should grip the
minds of students.
First:integrity is always basic.
We refer to integrity of the uni-
verse, the precision of cause and
effect gradually being unfolded by
experimenters. When we learn to
associate these qualities with the
God of whom the Psalmist said,
"Know ye that the Lord Ile is God, it
is He that hath made us and not
we ourselves" then perspective will
begin to prevail, OId idea ls, to take
on new forms of expression, and the
basis for an ordely peace in a
fresh age, relatively a thousand
ears ahead of 1945, will be ours.
Secondly: the real conflict is be-
tween truth seekers of our day and
the military. Military leaders, with
the statesmen temporarily at their
call, wishing to monopolize the ad-
vantage which an Atomic bomb can
give, are interested in ancient fears.
The strategist may be pardoned for
having his eye upon control. In this
particular the scientist has turned
prophet. He is champion of human-
ity as an end in itself. That theme is
germane to Christianity, though fre-
quently obscured by debate. Like the
prophet of old he can _say, "Thus
saith the Lord, " but effectively for
our age; "Gentlemen, the question is
not what do you and I desire in a
fighting situation" but, "The laws of
the Lord actually are thus and so."
Thirdly: it is incumbent upon each
who is in any way associated with
higher education, to remind himself
that, in a broad sense, all who are
in a University belong to the com-
pany of scientists. Whether you be-
come a student of ethics and religion,
political science, geography, litera-
ture, law or what you will, integrity is
the touchstone of your future. Your.
grandparents who sat in assembly at
Michigan in old University Hall were
taught the converse of this truth by
the motto from the Northwest Terri-
tory now chiseled above the pillars; of
Angell Hall saes, "Religion, Moral-
ity, and Knowledge being necessary
to good government and the happi-
ness of mankind, schools and the
means of education shall forever be
The creator oi some strange Ter-
ritory beyond these lakes far across
the world, might well write for us
a new enabling clause thus, "Reli-
gion, Morality and Knowledge be-
ing necessary to world government
and the happiness of mankind,
Scientists come of age and the
means of social research shall
forever be encouraged by billion
.-Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
BY WILLIAM s. GOLDSTEIN
DON'T let this nice pre-semester
weather fool you. It was con-
tracted for by the University's publi-
ity department and will last only as
long as it takes to sign, seal and de-
liver the last freshman. It's part of
an over-all scheme which includes
such deviltries as photographing the
Horace Rackham Building from four
different angles and captioning the
pictures: "These buildings typify the
splendid new structures found on
The tip-off came when we saw the
University ground keepers being as-
signed to their life guard stations.
Hip boots and sou'westers were issued
all around, and they've already be-
gun to sand-bag Haven Hall.
As a matter of fact it was Noah
himself who gave the Hall its name
during one of the torrential floods
which regularly inundate the cam-
pus. The Ark came to rest in one
of the lecture halls after the great
flood, and Noah (picking updthe
dice) shouted, "I've just made
HAVEN the hard way!"
TE well remember the unfortunate
incident of last spring when
three Lit students were lost in the
great mud hole on the diagonal. They
grappled for the bodies for weeks, but
they only recovered a brew-stained
university I. D. card with the birth
date artfully altered from '25 to '24.
If you've got to venture out to class,
we recommend that you have with
you the collapsible life-saving unit
which was developed for student use
but loaned to the army and navy for
the duration. These are the very
same outfits that brought Tommy
Harmon and his parachute back
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to allnmem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Bal, by 3:30 p. in. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1945
VOL. LVI, No. 4
To the members of the faculty-
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts: The November meeting of
the Faculty of the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts for the
academic year 1945-46 will be held
Monday, Nov. 5, at 4:10 p.m. in Room
1025 Angell Hall.
1. Consideration of the minutes of the
meeting of June 4, 1945, (pp. 1178
to 1179) which were distributed by
2. Consideration of reports submitted
with the call to this meeting.
a. Executive Committee-Professor
T. H. Hildebrandt.
b. University Council - Professor
Shorey Peterson. No report.
c. Executive Board of the Graduate
School-Professor N. E. Nelson.
d. Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs-Professor C.
e. Deans' Conference-Dean Hay-
3. Memorial for Joseph R. Hayden
(Professors R. B. Hall, H. H. Bart-
lett, and E. S. Brown, Chairman).
4. Elections to Executive Committee
Panel, University Council, Admin-
istrative Board, and Library Com-
mittee. (Ballots enclosed).
5. Report to Faculty on Budget for
1945-46. pp. 1185 to 1186.
6. Recommended Changes in Curricu-
lum. pp. 1187 to 1197.
7. Problems of the Library-Profes-
sor W. G. Rice.
8. New Business.
Instructors on the Faculty with one
or more years' standing are eligible to
vote at this meeting.
Urgent need for Dailies to send to
boys in service.
Mrs. Buchanan, Museums
Special Book Sale to Faculty-For
one week only, Nov. 3 to Nov. 10, the
University of Michigan Press is offer-
ing to the Faculty an opportunity to
buy, at very low prices, certain books
which have been declared excess
stock. A list of titles included in
this group will be placed in the hands
of all department heads and may be
consulted in the departmental office
or copies of the lists may be obtained
at the Information Desk in the Uni-
versity Business Office. The books
themselves may be examined and pur
chased at the University Press Sale
Office,' 311 Maynard Street, or may
be ordered by phone, University Ex-
tension 616. The offer will be with-
drawn at the expiration of the desig-
To all house presidents: There wil
be an important meeting of Inter
fraternity Council on Tuesday, Nov. 6
at 7:15 in Room 306 Michigan Union
All houses are urged to have a rep.
resentative present at this meeting.
Attention all house heads an
house presidents: Every dormitory
auxiliary dormitory, sorority house
and league house must have sign-ou
sheet records starting the day th
house opened for the fall semester.
Sign-out sheets and composit
sheets may be obtained from the So
cial Director's Office in the Women'
Sign-out sheets accompanied bya
composite sheet must be turned i
to the League Undergraduate Offic
every Monday by 5:00 p. m. Al
sheets must be made out in ink o
indelible pencil and dated Monda
through Sunday inclusive. .
Fraternity presidents of group
which formerly maintained houseE
should apply to the Office of the Dean
of Students for blanks on which t
list current membership.
House Directors and Social Chair
men are reminded that requests fo
social events must be filed in th
Office of the Dean of Students no
later than the Monday before th
Sevent for which approval is requestec
It should be accomplished by writter
acceptance from two sets of approve
chaperons and, in the case of frater
nities and sororities, by approval fror
the financial adviser. Approved cha
perons may be 1) parents of activ
members or pledges, 2) professors
associate professors or assistant pro
fessors, or 3) couples already approv
ed by the Committee on Student Al
Sfairs. A list of the third groupi.
available at the Office of the Dea
Eligibility Certificates for th
Fall Term may be secured imme
diately if the last report of grades i
brought to the Office of the Dean o
Student Organizations which wis
to be reapproved for the school yea
1945-46 should submit a list of thei
for office in a class or other student
organization. This list is not intend-
ed to be exhaustive, but merely is
indicative of the character and scope
of the activities included.
Certificate of Eligibility. At the be-
ginning of each semester and summer
session every student shall be conclu-
sively presumed to be ineligible for
any public activity until his eligibility
is affirmatively established by ob-
taining from the Chairman of the
Committee on Student Affairs, in the
Office of the Dean of Students, a
Certificate of Eligibility. Participa-
tion before the opening of the first
semester must be approved as at any
Before permitting any students to
participate in a public activity (see
definition of Participation above), the
chairman or manager of such activity
shall (a) require each applicant to
present a certificate of eligibility, (b)
sign his initials on the back of such
certificate and (e) file with the Chair-
man of the Committee on Student
Affairs the names of all those who
have presented certificates of eligi-
bility and a signed statement to ex-
clude all others from participation.
Blanks for the chairmen's lists may
be obtained in the Office of the Dean
Certificates of' Eligibility for the
first semester shall be effective until
Probation and Warning. Students
on probation or the warned list are
forbidden to participate in any public
Eligibility, First Year. No freshman
in his first semester of residence may
be granted a Certificate of Eligibility.
A freshman, during his second se-
mester of residence, may be granted
a Certificate of Eligibility provided he
has completed 15 hours or more of
work with (1) at least one mark of
A or B and with no mark of less than
C, or (2) at least 22 times as many
honor points as hours and with no
mark of E. (A-4 points, B-3, C-2,
Any student in his first semester of
residence holding rank above that of
freshman may be granted a Certifi-
cate of Eligibility if he was admitted
to the University in good standing.
Eligibility, General. In order to re-
Sceive a Certificate of Eligibility a stu-
dent must have earned at least 11
hours of academic credit in the pre-
ceding semester, or 6 hours of aca-
demic credit in the preceding sum-
mer session, with an average of at
least C, and have at least a C aver-
age for his entire academic career.
Unreported grades and grades of
X and I are torbe interpreted as E
until removeda in accordance with
s University regulations. If in the opin-
s ion of the Committee on Student
Affairs the X or I cannot be removed
promptly, the parenthetically report-
- ed grade may be used in place of the
X or I in computing the average.
Students who are ineligible under
1 Rule V may participate only after
- having received special permission of
, the Committee on Student Affairs.
Unitarian Students should make
reservations by calling 3085 for the
special reception to be given at the
d First Unitarian Church, State and
, Huron Streets, Tuesday, Nov. 6 ,at
9:45 p. m. for Rep. Helen Gahagan
Debating: Students interested in
s University debating should meet with
Dr. Lomas, 4202 Angell Hall, Tues-
a day, Nov. 6, at 3 p. m.
e English 31, Section 2, will meet in
1 Room 2235 A. H. Monday, Nov. 5
r and thereafter.
English 147. Beginning Tuesday,
Nov. 6, English 147 will meet regu-
s larly in 231 Angell Hall.
n English 297: Students for my sec-
o tion will meet to arrange hours Mon-
day, Nov. 5, at 3:00 in Room 3216
E. A. Walter
e German 247 will meet in 204 Uni-
t versity Hall Thursday, 4:00-6:00 p.m.
I. Freshman Health Lectures for Men:
n It is a University requirement that
d all entering freshmen are required to
- take, without credit, a series of lec-
n tures in personal and community
- health and to pass an examination on
e the content of these lectures. Trans-
s, fer students with freshman standing
- are also required to take the course
- unless they have had a similar course
s Uppereclassmen who were here as
n freshmen and who did not fulfill the
requirements are requested to do so
e These lectures are not required of
s The lectures will be given in Room
f 25, Angell Hall at 5:00 p. m. and
repeated at 7:30 p.m. as per the fol-
h Lecture No. Day Date
r 1 Monday Nov. 5
r 2 Tuesday Nov. 6
Our deer hunt has struck a serious snag, m'boy.
We learned at the public library that to make
a bow and arrow we need the sinews of a deer!
And, no bow and arrow, no shoofum
deer. .. This, indeed, is a dilemma-
Imosss ie th is offer)
By Crockett Johnson
jane Shultz has an archery set,
Mr. OMal . I'll go borrow it.