THE MICHIGAN DAILY
1'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Congressional Shoo*Iy IAttitude
THE AGE OF JACKSON:
Cites Weaknesses in Study of Period
ON4 Tom DW N F P
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NIGHT EDITOR: BETTYANN LARSEN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THE GI demonstrations all around the world
can be blamed partly on Congress, for it is
Congress which has set up the principle that
reconversion is a matter of every man for him-
self. Congress' shoo-fly attitude toward postwar
problems has helped to establish a prevailing
national mood, of which the GI demonstrations
must be viewed as only a part. We had .our
choice, at the end of the war, of dismantling our
war effort carefully and thoughtfully, or of kick-
ing it over; and it would be hard for the bi-
partisan opposition bloc in Congress to deny
that it chose the latter course as its program,
and that it has chopped logic furiously ever
since in defense of it.
It is an error to view the G1 outburst in the
Philippines, China, France and the United
States as a thing in itself, and as a problem
to be considered on its merits, in a kind of
military vacuum. The problem is not one of
military morale alone, but of national morale,
affecting military morale. If the GI knew that
our reconversion planning made sense, if he
knew that jobs and homes, or reasonably ac-
curate facsimiles, were being thoughtfully con-
trived for him by hard-working legislators; if
he felt that we had some sort of plan for the
next two years, some of the edge might be
taken cff his furious desire to get home and
find a first glace for himself in the uncertain
peace-time chow line.
But we cannot set up a wild, individualistic
scramble as our mood and style on the home
front, aid expect one group of citizens, in uni-
form, to button up their emotions and, alone,
to regulate themselves by considerations of the
N THEIR CONFUSION, the GIs- are turning
to Congress, and strafing Congressmen with
cablegraims demandilg immediate demobilIh
But this is right up the Congressional alley;
this kind of kick-it-over dismantling of the war
effort is exactly what the conservative majority
wants, and it conveys to the President the de-
mands of the GIs in exactly the same spirit in
which it conveys to him the demand of the
National Association of Manufacturers that price
control be abolished within a matter of weeks or
It is to Le doubted whether some of these
cngressmen are really the best ultimate
friends of the GI; for included in their number
are many who fight Mr. Truman's efforts to
make the reconversion make sense. Mr. Rankin
of Mississippi, for example, is not perturbed
by the GI demonstrations; he takes them
amiably in his stride, and seems rather cheered
by them, and uses them as a kind of argument
against the President.
BUT the plain truth is that the Rankins can-
not solve the GIs' problems; even bringing
the soldiers home does not solve their problems;
and a Congress which has done a great deal to
create the mood leading to the present demon-
strations, is now using those demonstrations to
intensify that mood, to send our war controls
flying apart as if a fire-cracker had gone off
amongst them, to whip us toward a deeper fail-
use, and a vaster muddle.
The GI has a case for a Congressional investi-
gation of the unfairness of demobilization pro-
cedures; but the GI's political problem is an ex-
tremely intricate one, and he will be paying a
high price for a somewhat quicker ticket home
if the result is total collapse of our wartime con-
trols and organizations, and an intensification
of our feeling that the war is over and that we
can forget all about it.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr.-The Age
of Jackson. New York, Little,
Brown, 1945. $5.00
TIE AGE OF JACKSON by Arthur
M. Schlesinger, Jr., interpreting
only some of the many politico-eco-
nomic aspects of American history
from 1829 to the Civil War, is con-
cerned mainly with eastern radicalism
of the 1830's and 40's. The author's
scholarship is most clearly revealed in
his treatment of the Workingman's
Party and eastern Locofocoism. Here
the documentation is richly adequate
and the arrangement very skillful-
the great bulk of the primary materi-
als has eastern origins. Throughout
the book the writing is forceful and*
the style attractive.
The basic political issue is found
in the intermingled concepts of
property rights vs. human rights,
the rich vs. the poor, and the busi-
ness community vs. the liberals. Mr.
Schlesinger does not probe beneath
this well-worn theme although he
does assert that Marx and Lenin
made no pretense to the invention
cf the theory of class conflict.
Building upon this issue, the author
seeks to establish the rationale of
Jacksonianism in particular and of
American Democracy in general and
endeavors to maintain in addition
that ". . . the East remained the
source of effective expression of Jack-
sonian radicalism, and Eastern ideas
rose to supremacy in Washington as
Jacksonianism changed from an agi-
tation into a program." After expand-
ing this development in thin chapters
devoted to intellectual, industrial, le-
gal, religious, literary, and utopian
aspects of "Jacksonian Democracy,"
the author traces his version of that
democracy into the Free Soil move-
mentand thence into the Civil War.
Mr. Schlesinger attacks indis-
criminately historians of the fron-
tier, e.g., "The great illusion of his-
torians of the frontier has been that
social equality produces economic
equalitarianism. In fact, the de-
mand for economic equality is gen-
erally born out of conditions of so-
cial inequality .. . "It is only equi-
table to note that many years ago
a well-known historian of the fron-
tier, Frederick Jackson Turner, en-
couraged one of his seminar stu-
dents, William Trimble, to investi-
gate eastern Locofocoism.
Years later in the American Histori-
cal Review (April, 1919) Trimble not
only suggested the influence of the
East on the West as opposed to posi-
tions taken by some historians of the
frontier but also located in the New
York of the 1830's a center " . . . where
the impacts of transformation funda-
mental in modern life were being
deeply felt . ..
Believing that history repeats it-
self, Mr. Schlesinger has found
many resemblances between the age
of Jackson and the present, hence
much of the current comment on
his book. He finds, for example, the
living counterpart of the leading
political journalist of Locofocoism,
William Leggett, to be " ... Samuel
Grafton, who is, carrying on Leg-
gett's tradition ... in Leggett's own
paper, the New York Post."
Also, speaking of history, repeti-
tious or not, the author is adept with
the enigma, e.g., "Had the South gone
to war in 1850, the Whig party would
have been saved, in spite of itself, as
war has saved the Republican party
Although inadequate even as a
summary of Jacksonian democracy
and hardly a comprehensive study
of the age of Jackson, this book is
a scholarly interpretation of east-
ern radicalism of the 1830's and 40's.
--William R. Leslie
Department of History
110 inie Says
THE NORTON BILL, H. R. 2232, to set up a
permanent Fair Employment Practice Com-
mission with enforcement powers was favorably
reported by the House Labor Committee a year
ago. Since then the Rules Committee has man-
aged to stymy any further action on it by voting
six to six on the question of discharge to the
Rep. Mary Norton (Dem. NJ) has circulated
a petition to get the bill out of committe. to
date only 158 of the 218 necessary signatures
have been received. The following Michigan
Congressmen have not yet signed: William
Blackney, Fred Crawford, George Dondero,
Clare Hoffman, Bartel Jonkman, Jesse Wol-
cott and Roy Woodruff.
In the Senate the bill is on the Calendar and
ready for floor action.
Petitions to Michigan Congressmen urging
their signatures will be circulated here tomor-
row and Tuesday by the campus FEPC com-
mittee. Also to be circulated is a petition to
Sen. Vandenberg asking that he bring the Sen-
ate bill to the flo&r.
Waking up sleeping congressmen is the only
way to get action on the bill. If the repre-
sentatives don't know their constituents wish
its passage, then it is up to us to tell them.
The greater the number of signatures, the
greater the influence of the University petition.
March of Dimes
Fine, Benjamin-Democratic Education. .New
York, Crowell, 1945
Mr. Fine argues that a college education for
all is the democratic way. This is possible only
if the colleges and universities become as uni-
versal as the elementary and secondary schools.
He brings up the issues as to whether college
education should be liberal or vocational in
scope, whether the academic years should cover
two, three, or four years, and whether there
should be more small colleges or larger uni-
versities. It is this statement of issues that
makes the book valuable.
Gibbings, Robert-Lovely is the Lee. . New York,
In "Lovely is the Lee" Mr. Gibbings has caught,
the liesurely friendly hospitable spirit of the
Irish folk who live in the valley of the Lee. The
result is a charming narrative which will delight
the fireside traveller. Beautifully illustrated
with engravings by the author.
Niggli, Josephina-Mexican Village. Chapel Hill,
University of North Carolina, 1945.
Mexican Village is a collection of short stories
about Hidalgo. Josephina Niggli has chosen her
characters from among the villagers and her
themes and folklore from their daily lives. The
resulting tales are thoroughly enjoyable. The
illustrations by Marion Fitz-Simons add to the
Mexican atmosphere of the stories.
Prosser, David G.-Journey Underground. New
York, Dutton, 1945.
In one of the best escape stories to come out of
World War II, Flight Officer Prosser tells how
he bailed out over France, escaped being cap-
tured by the Germans, and was returned to his
air"group by the Underground. Written in a
style which is as exciting as any novel.
Reynolds, Quentin-Officially Dead; the story of
Commander C. D. Smith. New York, Random
This is the exciting story of one man's two
spectacular escapes from the Japanese. Told in
the vigorous exciting style of Mr. Reynolds'
other war books.
Winwar, Frances-Life of the heart; George
Sand and her times. New York, Harper, 1945.
"Frances Winwar has taken an almost legend-
ary literary figure in a storied and peopled epoch
and given us a fast-moving account in which
her masterly handling of the material and the
reader's joy of recognition produce a most satis-
factory reading adventure."-W. S. Lynch.
HE JOURNAL of Social Issues, a new voice,
has undertaken to bring to us, in language
of the common man, the psychology of a demo-
cratic society. The service is long overdue. How
shall we maintain our sense of equality before
God, as dramatically stated by Jefferson and
Lincoln, while we labor in zones of inequality as
to man's productive ability? The office of re-
ligion at this loint should be apparent. Our
poets have stated the11 ese. For example, Long-
"Oft have I seen at some Cathedral door
A laborer, pausing in dust and heat,
Lay down his burden, and with reverent feet
Enter, and cross himself, and on the floor
Kneel to repeat his paternoster o'er;
Far off the noises of the world retreat;
The loud vociferations of the street
Become an undistinguishable roar."
If one can grant the value of symbols, and
we in education are persistent users of them
due to language and mathematics chiefly, then
the poet has related man, his flat street and
drab work to the ideal, to aspiration of the
soul and to God. Whatever we learn from the
psychologist, the sociologist, the pychiatrist
and the group leader about the organism,
about man's need of a catharsis to drain off
his prejudices, about fears of persons unduly
distraught, we have in the religious relation
a perspective of basic merit.
The poet proceeds:
"So, as I enter here from day to day,
And leave my burden at this minster gate,
Kneeling in prayer, and not ashamed to pray
The tumult of time disconsolate
To inarticulate murmurs dies away,
While the eternal ages watch and wait."
For hundreds of years the priest has been
leading the people in worship. Persons and
families were beginning to use confession in a
crude form to rid alert minds of fears which
they could not understand before the Christian
era. The millions weekly find the consecrated
group with its rabbi, priest, or pastor performing
the office of personal and group worship. Not
only is instruction provided for the young in the
art of prayer and the service of worship, but
here is provided that group rapport or solidarity
of understanding to which the successful psy-
chiatrist turns as environment when he must
say to his patient, "Now you are on your own,
you are your own guide."
In the worshipping' community as in the
worshipping family is maintained the type of
society toward which men look for normal
group support if not also for social healing.
Many of us believe that if we are to reach a
stable democratic way of life, the community
itself will have to become something like the
expanded worshipping family.
The visit of Prof. and Mrs. Harry Overstreet
to various student centers, factory areas, large
schools and general communities has demon-
strated at the adult level and for the reading
public how important it is for us in American
life to take seriously the Fascistic type of re-
action in our present culture. Says Kurt Lewin,
of Massachusetts Institute, "The re-education
process has to fulfill a task which is essentially
equivalent to a change in culture".
Now, in a former paragraph we use "wor-
shipping" as a phase of family life and of com-
community. The vital element which religion
can contribute is that of reverence, or per-
spective, a teaching of man that he is not God.
To be humble but at the same time have
status, feel secure, live in a friendly universe,
trust values and he capable of loyalties and
friendships is what we mean when we refer to
the function of religion in this important work
of American enrichment. We would think of
that society as "advanced" in which the whole
population enjoyed such grace of behavior and
had the free outreach of sacred intent.
-Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
Publication in the Daily official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m.S at-
SUNDAY, JANUARY 13, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 50
Faculty Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to members
of the faculty and other townspeople
this afternoon from 4:00 to 6:00.
Cars may park in the restricted zone
on South University between 4:00
and 6:30 p.m.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, Jan. 16, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
To the Members of the University
Senate: For the meeting of the Uni-
versity Senate in the Rackham Am-
phitheater on Monday, Jan, 14, at
4:15 p.m. the following will consti-
tute the agenda:
Election of the Senate Advisory
Committee (M. H. Waterman)
Disposition of the Parker Fellow-
ships (L. I. Bredvold)
Report of the Committee on Hon-
orary Degrees (F. E. Robbins)
The Housing Problem (R. P.
Admissions Policy (J. P. Adams)
Veterans' Books and Supplies. Vet-
erans who are securing books and
supplies under the Public Laws 16 or
346 must complete all purchases for
the current semester by Jan. 15.
This deadline is necessary to allow
the University time to audit and pay
the veterans' accounts at the various
stores and, in turn, to submit invoic-
es to the Veterans Administration for
reimbursement before the end of the
Boyd C. Stephens, Cashier
Interviews for Spring Vacancies:
League housemothers are available
to interview only those girls who have
applied through the Office of the
Dean of Women and have been re-
ferred to the League Houses in this
way. Women students wishing ac-
commodations in League Houses
must apply as above.
Admission to School of Business
Administration, Spring Semester: Ap-
plications for admission to the School
of Business Administration for the
Spring Semester MUST be filed on or
before Jan. 15. Information and ap-
plication blanks are available in
Room 108, Tappan Hall.
Applications in Support of Re-
search Projects: To give Research
Committees and the Executive Board
adequate time to study all proposals,
it is requested that faculty members
having projects needing support dur-
ing 1946-1947 file their proposals in
the Office of the Graduate School by
Friday, Feb. 8. Those wishing to
renew previous requests whether now
receiving support or not should so
indicate. Application forms will be
mailed or can be obtained at Secre-
tary's Office, Room 1006 Rackham
Building, Telephone 372.
State of Michigan Civil Service:
The Bureau of Appointments has re-
deived the following Civil Service
Boys' Printing Shop Trade In-
structor. Salary: $160. Last filing
date: Feb. 6.
Reproduction Machines Supervisor
A. Salary: $150. Last filing date:
Reproduction Machines Supervisor
II. Salary: $230. Last filing date:
Pediatric Graduate Nurse. Salary:
$180. Last filing date: Feb. 6.
Further information may be ob-
tained at the Bureau of Appint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall.
City of Detroit Civil Service: The
Bureau of Appointments has received
the following Civil Service Announce-
Junior Airport Control Tower Op-
erator. Salary: $2542-3009. Last
filing date: Feb. 1.
Senior Airport Control Tower Op-
erator. Salary: $3174-3068. Last filing
date: Feb. 1.
Assistant Landscape Architect.
Salary: $3333-3651. Last filing date:
until further notice.
Senior Assistant Landscape Archi-
tect. Salary: $4047-4523. Last filing
date: until further notice.
Supervisor of Hospital Nurse Edu-
cation. Last filing date: Feb. 7.
General Auto Repairman. Salary:
$1.41-1.51. Last filing date: until
Car Body Repairman. Salary:
$1.41. Last filing date: Jan. 15.
Sheet Metal Worker. Salary: $1.55.
Last filing date: Jan. 15.
Further information may be ob-
tained at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments2and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall.
Connecticut State Department of
Education announces openrcompet-
itive examinations for critic teach-
ers in the four teachers colleges. Fur-
ther information may be obtained
from the Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information, 201
Mrs. Paul Robeson, author and
anthropologist,:will be presented
Wednesday at 8:30 p.m. by the Ora-
torical Association as a substitute
speaker for Richard Wright, original-
ly scheduled on the Lecture Course.
Mrs. Robeson's subject will be "The
Negro and the Pattern of World Af-
fairs". Patrons are asked to use
Richard Wright tickets for admis-
sion. Tickets may be purchased
Tuesdayiand Wednesday at Hill
Auditorium box office.
Lie Groups Seminar: The Seminar
on Lie Group will meet on Monday at
4:30 in 3010 Angell Hall instead of
Mathematics: There will be a
special lecture on Tuesday, Jan. 15,
at 4:00 p.m. in 3010 Angell Hall by
Professor Mahlon M. Day on "Some
Characterizations of Inner Product
Spaces." All interested persons are
Choral Union Concert. J a sc ha
Heifetz, violinist, will give the sev-
enth program in the Choral Union
Concert Series Friday evening, Jan.
18, at 8:30 o'clock in Hill Auditorium.
The program will include composi-
tions by Scarlatti, Brahms, Glazou-
noff, Bach, Schubert, Mendelssohn,
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Speech Assembly: Judith Waller,
Director of Public Service for the
National Broadcasting Company, will
speak on "Careers in Radio" at the
Speech Assembly sponsored by the
Department of Speech at 3 p.m.
Tuesday in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theater. Attendance is required of
all Speech students. The program
is open to the public.
The U of M. Debate Squad will
meet to have the Ensian picture
taken on Tuesday, Jan. 15. Please
meet promptly at 3:10 at the Rent-
schler's Studio, 319 E. Huron St.
The English Journal Club will hold
its first meeting of the year Tuesday
evening, Jan. 15 at 7:45 in the East
Conference Room of the Rackham
Building. After the election of offi-
cers Mr. Fred Stocking and Mr. Dar-
rel Abel will speak on Wallace Stev-
ens and Contemporary Poetry. Re-
freshments and general discussion
will follow. All graduate students
and members of the faculty are in-
vited to attend.
A.I.E.E. There will be a meeting
of the student branch of A.IE.E. on
Wednesday, Jan. 16, at 7:30 p.m. in
the Michigan Union. Prof. W. G.
Dow of the electrical engineering fac-
ulty will speak on "Jamming the
German Radar." All electrical eng-
ineering students and any others in-
terested are invited.
Flying Club: There will be a short
business meeting Wednesday, Jan.
16, at 7:30 p.m. in room 1042 E. Eng-
ineering Building. All non-members
interested, as well as members, are
urged to attend.
Research Club. The January meet-
ing of the Research Club will be held
on Wednesday evening, Jan. 16 at
eight o'clock. Professor W. H. Hobbs
will present a paper on "The Newly
Discovered Glacial Lake Leverett"
and Professor E. A. Philippson a pa-
per on "New Finds and New Methods
in Germanic Religion."
"The Old Maid and the Thief" and
the Garden Scene from Gounod's
"Faust" will be presented by Play
Production of, the department of
speech, in conjunction with the
School of Music and the University
Orchestra, Thursday and Saturday
evenings at 8:30 and Friday matinee
at 3:30, Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Tickets for the operas will be placed
on sale tomorrow morning at the
theatre box office. Box office hours
will be from 10-1, 2-5 daily.
La Sociedad Hispanica will hold
the fourth of its lecture series Thurs-
day, Jan. 17 at 8:00 p.m. in Kellog
Auditorium. The speaker will be Dr:
Santodomingo Guzman, who will talk
about "Colombia-Pais Del Dorado".
Dr. Guzman will illustrate his talk
with a movie. All members are urged
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45,
Morning Worship. Dr. Lemon's ser-
mon topic, "The Life of God". 5:00
p.m.: Westminster Guild will meet
at 5 o'clock Sunday for a panel dis-
cussion on "Palestine - Much Prom-
ised and Not Yet Holy Land". Rabbi
J. M. Cohen and membeds of Hillel
will be guests. Supper will be served
at 6 o'clock.
TOMORROW MARKS the opening of the 1946
drive organized for the purpose of raising
funds for the National Foundation for Infan-
Last year Washtenaw County collected $18,-
000 during the campaign, but this year, because
of the closing of Willow Run and numerous oth-
er war plants the close cooperation of Univer-
sity students and faculty will be needed to even
approximate the figure.
Tomorrow campus committees will place
dime boxes in all the fraternity, sorority, dorm
and league houses on campus, and in all stores
on State St. and South University. In addition
to these spots, boxes will be found at all Uni-
While a quota has not been set for the
drive this year, much of the money raised
in this campaign will come from these boxes.
It should be remembered by all those who,
take the time to drop a dime in them that
the money will bear interest far beyond its
financial power, for when added with other
contributions it will mean the difference for
some child in being permanently crippled
for life or in being able to walk and play
again with others who have been lucky
enough to have escaped the dread disease.
The year 1945 marked the fourth worst polio
period in the history of this country and during
this period it was necessary for very large sums
to be placed at the disposal of local treasurers
to assure not only the medical care and nurs-
ing for victims of the immediate outbreak, but
to nrovide as well for the continuing care of
By Crockett Johnson
The first time you closed your eyes
and pointed with your fnger, Mr,
Not simultaneously, perhaps... However
coin of the realm from whatever source
cannot be. sneezed at. Fr ... what is youir
E Doctr ! . YouC W,,cYn't mer1